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  1. The 2007 Wanless report highlights the ever increasing problem of obesity and the consequent health problems. Obesity is a significant cause of diabetes. An increasing evidence base suggests that in terms of r...

    Authors: Nicola F Weaver, Louise Hayes, Nigel C Unwin and Madeleine J Murtagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:311

    Content type: Research article

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  2. An increasing number of persons suffer from non-specific health symptoms such as headache, sleep disturbances, difficulties in concentrating and more. In lack of a medical explanation, more and more persons ta...

    Authors: Joerg Schröttner and Norbert Leitgeb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:310

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural differences in the frequency of fish intake and in motivations for fish consumption between people from households with (CVD+) or without (CVD-) medi...

    Authors: Zuzanna Pieniak, Wim Verbeke, Federico Perez-Cueto, Karen Brunsø and Stefaan De Henauw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:306

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Latinos are a fast growing segment of the U.S. health care population. Acculturation factors, including English fluency, result in an ethnic group heterogeneous with regard to SES, health practices, and health...

    Authors: Nancy P Gordon and Carlos Iribarren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:305

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Abundant literature supports the beneficial effects of physical activity for improving health of people with chronic diseases. The relationship between multimorbidity and physical activity levels, however, has...

    Authors: Catherine Hudon, Hassan Soubhi and Martin Fortin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:304

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To clarify the nature of the relationship between food deprivation/undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, this study examined the relationship betw...

    Authors: Rosemary F Head, Mark S Gilthorpe, Allyson Byrom and George TH Ellison

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:303

    Content type: Research article

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  7. With surveys suggesting that exceeding guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol intake is commonplace, the health and social impact of modifying intake on a population level is potentially considerable. If public hea...

    Authors: G David Batty, Heather Lewars, Carol Emslie, Michaela Benzeval and Kate Hunt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:302

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The present study was performed to assess, beyond socio-economic factors, independent associations between the health and nutritional status of children under 5 years old and (1) family behavioural factors rel...

    Authors: Taufiq Mashal, Takehito Takano, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki, Shafiqullah Hemat, Masafumi Watanabe and Kaoruko Seino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:301

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Using the Internet to seek health information is becoming more common. Its consequences on health care utilisation are hardly known in the general population, in particular among children whose parents seek he...

    Authors: Gauthier Bouche and Virginie Migeot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:300

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Reliable studies of the incidence and characteristics of medical end-of-life decisions with a certain or possible life shortening effect (ELDs) are indispensable for an evidence-based medical and societal deba...

    Authors: Kenneth Chambaere, Johan Bilsen, Joachim Cohen, Geert Pousset, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Freddy Mortier and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:299

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Helping the large number of problem drinkers who will never seek treatment is a challenging issue. Public health initiatives employing educational materials or mass media campaigns have met with mixed success....

    Authors: John A Cunningham, Clayton Neighbors, Cameron Wild and Keith Humphreys

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:298

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Mortality differences at national level can generate hypothesis on possible causal association that could be further investigated. The aim of the present study was to identify regions with high mortality rates...

    Authors: Panagiotis Papastergiou, George Rachiotis, Konstantina Polyzou, Christos Zilidis and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:297

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent symptom in middle-aged women, but data on incidence is limited and rarely reported. In order to analyze incidence, remission, or development patterns of severity and ty...

    Authors: David Jahanlu, Samera Azeem Qureshi and Steinar Hunskaar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:296

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. HIV prevalence in north-east India is high and injecting drug use (IDU) is common. Due to HIV-related deaths there are increasing numbers of IDU widows, many of whom are HIV infected, and experiencing poor hea...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Alexandra Devine, Prabha Chandra, Bernice Dzuvichu, Thomhood Gilbert and Helen Herrman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:294

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The process of seeking asylum and the related organisational conditions in the host country may adversely affect the children's mental health. The objective of this study was to examine the mental health of ch...

    Authors: Signe S Nielsen, Marie Norredam, Karen L Christiansen, Carsten Obel, Jørgen Hilden and Allan Krasnik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:293

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Health related quality of life (HRQL) is a research topic that has attracted increasing interests around the world over the past two decades. The 36-item Short Form (SF-36) is a commonly used instrument for me...

    Authors: Rui Wang, Cheng Wu, Yanfang Zhao, Xiaoyan Yan, Xiuqiang Ma, Meijing Wu, Wenbin Liu, Zheng Gu, June Zhao and Jia He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:292

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Since it is essential to maintain a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness to prevent life-style related disease, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan in 2006 proposed to determine the maximal ...

    Authors: Masae Miyatani, Hiroshi Kawano, Kei Masani, Yuko Gando, Kenta Yamamoto, Michiya Tanimoto, Taewoong Oh, Chiyoko Usui, Kiyoshi Sanada, Mitsuru Higuchi, Izumi Tabata and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:291

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Adolescent neck/shoulder pain (NSP) is a common and sometimes debilitating problem. Several risk factors for this condition have been investigated, but no studies have previously evaluated associations between...

    Authors: Mark C Perry, Leon M Straker, Peter B O'Sullivan, Anne J Smith and Beth Hands

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:290

    Content type: Research article

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  19. It has long been evident that there is an association between alcohol use and risk of tuberculosis. It has not been established to what extent this association is confounded by social and other factors related...

    Authors: Knut Lönnroth, Brian G Williams, Stephanie Stadlin, Ernesto Jaramillo and Christopher Dye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:289

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This study sought to ascertain whether there might be excess lung cancer mortality among the population residing in the vicinity of Spanish paper and board industries which report their emissions to the Europe...

    Authors: Susana Monge-Corella, Javier García-Pérez, Nuria Aragonés, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez and Gonzalo López-Abente

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:288

    Content type: Research article

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  21. As in other Western countries, the number of immigrants in the Netherlands is growing rapidly. In 1980 non-western immigrants constituted about 3% of the population, in 1990 it was 6% and currently it is more ...

    Authors: Loes C Lanting, Aart H Bootsma, Steven WJ Lamberts, Johan P Mackenbach and Inez MA Joung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:287

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Information on the HIV and AIDS-related knowledge among dental students provides a crucial foundation for efforts aimed at developing an appropriate dental curriculum on HIV and AIDS, and for attracting the at...

    Authors: Elwalid Fadul Nasir, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Jamil David and Rouf Wahab Ali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:286

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Demographic ageing, and the health transition will soon lead to large increases in the number of dependent older people in low and middle income countries. Despite its importance, this topic has not previously...

    Authors: Daisy Acosta, Ruth Rottbeck, Guillermina Rodríguez, Cleusa P Ferri and Martin J Prince

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:285

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Trust as a measure of social capital has been documented to be associated with health. Mediating factors for this association are not well investigated. Harmful alcohol consumption is believed to be one of the...

    Authors: Johanna Ahnquist, Martin Lindström and Sarah P Wamala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:283

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Obesity is one of the greatest challenges in primary health care. The BMI describes fat mass and waist circumference (WC) fat distribution and total metabolic and cardiovascular risk. It was aim of the present...

    Authors: Hans Hauner, Peter Bramlage, Christian Lösch, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Heribert Schunkert, Jürgen Wasem, Karl-Heinz Jöckel and Susanne Moebus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:282

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Preventive activities carried out in primary care have important variability that makes necessary to know which factors have an impact in order to establish future strategies for improvement. The present study...

    Authors: Bonaventura Bolíbar, Clara Pareja, M Pilar Astier-Peña, Julio Morán, Teresa Rodríguez-Blanco, Magdalena Rosell-Murphy, Manuel Iglesias, Sebastián Juncosa, Juanjo Mascort, Concepció Violan, Rosa Magallón and Javier Apezteguia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:281

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. To assess the intake of sugar-added beverages such as soft drinks and commercially available fruit juices in kindergarten children, and to examine its association with obesity indices, physical activity levels...

    Authors: Manolis Linardakis, Katerina Sarri, Maria-Styliani Pateraki, Manolis Sbokos and Anthony Kafatos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:279

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Improving immunisation rates in risk groups is one of the main objectives in vaccination strategies. However, achieving high vaccination rates in children with chronic conditions is difficult. Different types ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Pandolfi, Maria C Graziani, Roberto Ieraci, Giovanni Cavagni and Alberto E Tozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:278

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Self-poisoning with pesticides is the cause of an estimated 300,000 deaths annually in rural Asia. The great majority of these deaths are from impulsive acts of self-harm using pesticides that are readily avai...

    Authors: Manjula Weerasinghe, Ravi Pieris, Michael Eddleston, Wim van der Hoek, Andrew Dawson and Flemming Konradsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:276

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Reliable information on the prevalence of hypertension is crucial in the development of health policies for prevention, control, and early diagnosis of this condition. This study describes the prevalence of hy...

    Authors: Ericka Méndez-Chacón, Carolina Santamaría-Ulloa and Luis Rosero-Bixby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:275

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The majority of Polish smokers declare their will to quit smoking and many of them attempt to quit. Although morbidity and mortality from tobacco-related diseases are among the highest in the world, there is a...

    Authors: Alicja Sieminska, Krzysztof Buczkowski, Ewa Jassem, Katarzyna Lewandowska, Romana Ucinska and Marta Chelminska

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:274

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Recent initiatives have been introduced by the UK government into secondary schools to increase pupils' access to physical activity (PA). Despite this, not enough is known about pupils' levels of physical acti...

    Authors: Spencer Earl Boyle, Georgina L Jones and Stephen J Walters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:273

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The objectives of the survey were to identify the level of influenza vaccination coverage in five European countries between 2001 and 2007, to understand the drivers and barriers to vaccination, to assess vacc...

    Authors: Patricia R Blank, Matthias Schwenkglenks and Thomas D Szucs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:272

    Content type: Research article

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  34. While the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is high, tailored risk scores for screening among South Asian and African origin populations are lacking. The aim of this study was, first, to compare the ...

    Authors: Navin R Bindraban, Irene GM van Valkengoed, Gideon Mairuhu, Frits Holleman, Joost BL Hoekstra, Bob PJ Michels, Richard P Koopmans and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:271

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Attempts to identify particular aspects of psychosocial work conditions as predictors of sickness absence remain inconclusive. A global measure has previously been suggested to be an efficient way to measure p...

    Authors: Torsten Munch-Hansen, Joanna Wieclaw, Esben Agerbo, Niels Westergaard-Nielsen and Jens Peter Bonde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:270

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Knowledge is sparse concerning injuries affecting rural populations in low and middle-income countries in general and in Iran in particular. This study documents the incidence and characteristics of severe inj...

    Authors: Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Mohsen Naghavi, Mohammadreza Shokouhi and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:269

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Public health research characterising the course of life through the middle age in developing societies is scarce. The aim of this study is to explore patterns of adult (15–64 years) mortality in an Ethiopian ...

    Authors: Mesganaw Fantahun, Yemane Berhane, Ulf Högberg, Stig Wall and Peter Byass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:268

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The identification of the vitamin D receptor in the endocrine pancreas suggests a role for vitamin D in insulin secretion. There is also some limited evidence that vitamin D influences insulin resistance, and ...

    Authors: Pamela R von Hurst, Welma Stonehouse, Christophe Matthys, Cathryn Conlon, Marlena C Kruger and Jane Coad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:267

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. A complex interaction exists between tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at an individual and community level. Limited knowledge about the rate of HIV infection in TB patients an...

    Authors: Daniel G Datiko, Mohammed A Yassin, Luelseged T Chekol, Lopisso E Kabeto and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:266

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) is one of the key strategies in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in Uganda. However, the utilization of VCT services particularly among men is low in Kasese di...

    Authors: Francis M Bwambale, Sarah N Ssali, Simon Byaruhanga, Joan N Kalyango and Charles AS Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:263

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cancer of the cervix is the second commonest malignancy in females worldwide and is the leading malignancy among women in Tanzania. Cancer of the cervix has been strongly associated with Human Papilloma Virus ...

    Authors: Crispin Kahesa, Julius Mwaiselage, Henry R Wabinga, Twalib Ngoma, Joan N Kalyango and Charles AS Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:262

    Content type: Research article

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  42. An increasing proportion of Australia's chronic disease burden is carried by the ageing male. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asthma, cancer, diabetes, angina and musculoskeletal condi...

    Authors: Sean A Martin, Matthew T Haren, Anne W Taylor, Sue M Middleton and Gary A Wittert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:261

    Content type: Research article

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