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  1. Eating patterns in Western industrialized countries are characterized by a high energy intake and an overconsumption of (saturated) fat, cholesterol, sugar and salt. Many chronic diseases are associated with u...

    Authors: Luuk H Engbers, Mireille NM van Poppel, Marijke Chin A Paw and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:253

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cervical cancer screening programmes have markedly reduced the incidence and mortality rates of the disease. A substantial amount of deaths from the disease could be prevented further by organised screening pr...

    Authors: Ahti Anttila, Matti Hakama, Laura Kotaniemi-Talonen and Pekka Nieminen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:252

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Prior studies on social capital and health have assessed social capital in residential neighbourhoods and communities, but the question whether the concept should also be applicable in workplaces has been rais...

    Authors: Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Tom Cox, Marianna Virtanen, Jaana Pentti, Sara J Cox and Richard G Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:251

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2007 7:90

  4. Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. The aim of this study was to explore whe...

    Authors: Maria Sleskova, Jolanda Tuinstra, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ferdinand Salonna, Johan W Groothoff and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:250

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The population's views concerning influenza vaccine are important in maintaining high uptake of a vaccine that is required yearly to be effective. Little is also known about the views of the more vulnerable ol...

    Authors: Punam Mangtani, Elizabeth Breeze, Sue Stirling, Smita Hanciles, Sari Kovats and Astrid Fletcher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:249

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sufficient targeted HIV prevention activities aiming at reducing HIV transmission within and from an extremely marginalized population of injection drug users (IDUs) must urgently and efficiently be implemente...

    Authors: Thu Minh T Tran, Hien T Nguyen, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Akio Nishimura and Katsuki Ito

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:248

    Content type: Research article

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  7. SF-36 has been both translated into different languages and adapted to different cultures to obtain comparable data on health status internationally. However there have been only a limited number of studies fo...

    Authors: Yucel Demiral, Gul Ergor, Belgin Unal, Semih Semin, Yildiz Akvardar, Berna Kıvırcık and Köksal Alptekin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:247

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Over the past decade, about one-third of all births nationwide in Taiwan were delivered by cesarean section (CS). Previous studies in the US and Europe have documented the need for risk adjustment for fairer c...

    Authors: Chao-Hsiun Tang, Han-I Wang, Chun-Sen Hsu, Hung-Wen Su, Mei-Ju Chen and Herng-Ching Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:246

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The purpose of this study is to analyse the trends in scientific research on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies by applying bibliometric tools to the scientific literature published between 1973 and 2002.

    Authors: Elías Sanz-Casado, Margarita Ramírez-de Santa Pau, Carlos A Suárez-Balseiro, Isabel Iribarren-Maestro and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:245

    Content type: Correspondence

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  10. This study examines the association between socioeconomic status and changes in physical function in younger- (aged 55–70 years) and older-old (aged 70–85 years) adults and seeks to determine the relative cont...

    Authors: Annemarie Koster, Hans Bosma, Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Brenda WJH Penninx, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Dorly JH Deeg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:244

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Smoking in film is a risk factor for smoking uptake in adolescence. This study aimed to quantify exposure to smoking in film received by New Zealand audiences, and evaluate potential interventions to reduce th...

    Authors: Jesse Gale, Bridget Fry, Tara Smith, Ken Okawa, Anannya Chakrabarti, Damien Ah-Yen, Jesse Yi, Simon Townsend, Rebecca Carroll, Alannah Stockwell, Andrea Sievwright, Kevin Dew and George Thomson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:243

    Content type: Research article

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  12. An internet-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) – the Great Influenza Survey or GIS – was launched in the Netherlands in the 2003–2004 influenza season. The aim of the present study was to validate th...

    Authors: Richard L Marquet, Aad IM Bartelds, Sander P van Noort, Carl E Koppeschaar, John Paget, François G Schellevis and Jouke van der Zee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:242

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Tobacco and alcohol use and related morbidity and mortality are critical public health problems. Results of several, but not all, studies suggest that lesbians and gay men are at elevated risk for smoking toba...

    Authors: Elisabeth P Gruskin and Nancy Gordon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:241

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Estimation of the frequency of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is difficult in areas with low tuberculosis infection rates and high exposure to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), including BCG vaccinatio...

    Authors: José I Villate, Berta Ibáñez, Valentín Cabriada, José I Pijoán, Jorge Taboada and Arantza Urkaregi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:240

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Japanese men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those living in large metropolitan areas such as Tokyo and Osaka, are facing a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although the Internet is used as a new venue for m...

    Authors: Yasuharu Hidaka, Seiichi Ichikawa, Junko Koyano, Michiko Urao, Toshihiko Yasuo, Hirokazu Kimura, Masako Ono-Kihara and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:239

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has consistently been found to afflict one in twenty pregnant women and is therefore considered a leading cause of physical injury, mental illness and adverse pregnancy outcome....

    Authors: Kristien Roelens, Hans Verstraelen, Kathia Van Egmond and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:238

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Determinants of intrafamilial HCV transmission are still being debated. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlates of HCV seropositivity among familial contacts of HCV positive patients in Italy.

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Alice Mannocci, Giacomina Chiaradia, Filippo Berloco, Maria L Gabrieli, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Antonio Matera, Gualtiero Ricciardi and Antonio Grieco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:237

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Immunizations have reduced childhood vaccine preventable disease incidence by 98–100%. Continued vaccine preventable disease control depends on high immunization coverage. Immunization registries help ensure h...

    Authors: Robert W Linkins, Daniel A Salmon, Saad B Omer, William KY Pan, Shannon Stokley and Neal A Halsey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:236

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Many systems for routine public health surveillance rely on centralized collection of potentially identifiable, individual, identifiable personal health information (PHI) records. Although individual, identifi...

    Authors: Ross Lazarus, Katherine Yih and Richard Platt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:235

    Content type: Correspondence

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  20. Work-related neck and upper limb pain has mainly been studied in specific occupational groups, and little is known about its impact in the general population. The objectives of this study were to estimate the ...

    Authors: Julius Sim, Rosie J Lacey and Martyn Lewis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:234

    Content type: Research article

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  21. There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Mark M Haenle, Stefan O Brockmann, Martina Kron, Ursula Bertling, Richard A Mason, Gerald Steinbach, Bernhard O Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Peter Kern, Isolde Piechotowski and Wolfgang Kratzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:233

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The vulnerability of young people to HIV and the recent emergence of the HIV epidemic in China have made it urgent to assess and update the HIV/STD risk profile of Chinese young people.

    Authors: Qiaoqin Ma, Masako Ono-Kihara, Liming Cong, Guozhang Xu, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:232

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The systematic vaccination with 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) was introduced as a strategic objective of health for all the people over 65 in Catalonia in 1999. We analysed the evolution ...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Córcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Francisco Ester, Nuria Sarrá, Xabier Ansa and Neus Saún

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:231

    Content type: Research article

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  24. An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the Niigata-Chuetsu region of Japan at 5.56 P.M. on the 23rd of October, 2004. The earthquake was followed by sustained occurrence of numerous aftershock...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Hideki Kuwabara, Taroh Endoh, Naohito Tanabe, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:230

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Previous studies have used social network variables to improve our understanding of HIV transmission. Similar analytic approaches have not been undertaken for hepatitis C (HCV) or B (HBV), nor used to conduct ...

    Authors: John L Wylie, Lena Shah and Ann M Jolly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:229

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The objective of the study was to provide baseline and reference data on the prevalence and distribution of overweight and obesity, using different anthropometric measurements in adult urban populations in Cam...

    Authors: Raoul M Kamadjeu, Richard Edwards, Joseph S Atanga, Emmanuel C Kiawi, Nigel Unwin and Jean-Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:228

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mortality after stroke in developed countries. This study was performed to determine whether a similar association also exists in China.

    Authors: Guangyi Zhou, Xinfeng Liu, Gelin Xu, Xifei Liu, Renliang Zhang and Wusheng Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:227

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Physical and biological risk factors for vitamin D inadequacy are known; however, cultural- and population-specific behaviours and attitudes that influence these risk factors, particularly among Asian people, ...

    Authors: Annie WC Kung and Ka-Kui Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:226

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Intestinal parasitic infections are a public health problem in developing countries such as Mexico. As a result, two governmental programmes have been implemented: a) "National Deworming Campaign" and b) "Oppo...

    Authors: Luis Quihui, Mauro E Valencia, David WT Crompton, Stephen Phillips, Paul Hagan, Gloria Morales and Silvia P Díaz-Camacho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:225

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The association between poverty and mental health has been widely investigated. There is, however, limited evidence of mental health implications of working poverty, despite its representing a rapidly expandin...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Jerome Endrass, Ivo Schweizer, Hsun-Mei Teng, Wulf Rossler and William T Gallo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:223

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection that can have serious consequences. It is universally agreed that screening for chlamydia infection should be offered to sexually active young wom...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Jane M Gunn, Rhian Parker, Christopher K Fairley and Jane Hocking

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:221

    Content type: Research article

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  32. There is a debate on whether preventive home visits to older people have any impact. This study was undertaken to investigate whether preventive home visits by professional health workers to older persons can ...

    Authors: Klas-Göran Sahlen, Lars Dahlgren, Britt Mari Hellner, Hans Stenlund and Lars Lindholm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:220

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Most western countries have disability benefit schemes ostensibly based upon requiring (1) a work inhibiting functional limitation that (2) can be attributed to a diagnosable condition, injury or disease. The ...

    Authors: Simon Overland, Nicholas Glozier, John Gunnar Mæland, Leif Edvard Aarø and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:219

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The harmful effects of urban air pollution on general population in terms of annoying symptoms are not adequately evaluated. This is in contrast to the hospital admissions and short term mortality. The present...

    Authors: Masud Yunesian, Fariba Asghari, Javad Homayoun Vash, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Dariush Farhud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:218

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a workgroup to revise the tuberculosis (TB) case report in the United States of America (U.S.). The group proposed substantial revisions. Study obj...

    Authors: Joan E Sprinson, Elizabeth S Lawton, Travis C Porco, Jennifer M Flood and Janice L Westenhouse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:217

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Heroin addiction often severely disrupts normal social functioning. The aims of this multi-centre study of heroin users in long-term replacement treatment were: i) to provide information on aspects of social c...

    Authors: Gianluca Quaglio, Fabio Lugoboni, Cristian Pattaro, GICS, Linda Montanari, Alessandro Lechi, Paolo Mezzelani and Don C Des Jarlais

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:216

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Early detection and treatment of mental disorders in adolescents and young adults can lead to better health outcomes. Mental health literacy is a key to early recognition and help seeking. Whilst a number of p...

    Authors: Annemarie Wright, Patrick D McGorry, Meredith G Harris, Anthony F Jorm and Kerryn Pennell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:215

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In response to increases in methamphatemine-associated sexually transmitted diseases, the San Francisco Department of Public Health implemented a contingency management (CM) field program called the Positive R...

    Authors: Steven Shoptaw, Jeffrey D Klausner, Cathy J Reback, Stephen Tierney, John Stansell, C Bradley Hare, Steven Gibson, Michael Siever, William D King, Uyen Kao and Jeffrey Dang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:214

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) is complex. A variety of models have therefore been developed to try and explain past trends and predict future possibilities. The aim of this syste...

    Authors: Belgin Unal, Simon Capewell and Julia Alison Critchley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:213

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive condition and OCA2, tyrosine-positive albinism, is the most prevalent type found throughout Africa. Due to the lack of melanin, peop...

    Authors: Esther S Hong, Hajo Zeeb and Michael H Repacholi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:212

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Information on clinical acceptability is needed when making cost-utility decisions about health screening implementation. Despite being in use for two decades, most data on the clinical acceptability of the Ed...

    Authors: Alan W Gemmill, Bronwyn Leigh, Jennifer Ericksen and Jeannette Milgrom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:211

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Implementation of the World Health Organization's DOTS strategy (Directly Observed Treatment Short-course therapy) can result in significant reduction in tuberculosis incidence. We estimated potential costs an...

    Authors: Vary Jacquet, Willy Morose, Kevin Schwartzman, Olivia Oxlade, Graham Barr, Franque Grimard and Dick Menzies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:209

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In March of 2003, an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) occurred in Northern Vietnam. This outbreak began when a traveler arriving from Hong Kong sought medical care at a small hospital (Hosp...

    Authors: Mary G Reynolds, Bach Huy Anh, Vu Hoang Thu, Joel M Montgomery, Daniel G Bausch, J Jina Shah, Susan Maloney, Katrin C Leitmeyer, Vu Quang Huy, Peter Horby, Aileen J Plant and Timothy M Uyeki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:207

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Hypertension leads to many degenerative diseases, the most common being cardiovascular in origin. This study has been designed to estimate the prevalence of self-reported hypertension in a random nationwide sa...

    Authors: Christos Pitsavos, George A Milias, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Dimitra Xenaki, George Panagopoulos and Christodoulos Stefanadis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:206

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Governments aim to increase treatment participation by problematic drug users. In the UK this has been achieved by fiscal investment, an expanded workforce, reduced waiting times and coercive measures (usually...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Mark A Bellis and Jim McVeigh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:205

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Little is known about how sexual and reproductive (SRH) health can be made accessible and appropriate to adolescents. This study evaluates the impact and sustainability of a competitive voucher program on the ...

    Authors: Liesbeth E Meuwissen, Anna C Gorter, Arnold DM Kester and J Andre Knottnerus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:204

    Content type: Research article

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