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  1. In low tuberculosis (TB) incidence countries TB affects mostly immigrants in the productive age group. Little empirical information is available about direct and indirect TB-related costs that patients face in...

    Authors: Sandra V Kik, Sandra PJ Olthof, Jonie TN de Vries, Dick Menzies, Naomi Kincler, Joke van Loenhout-Rooyakkers, Conny Burdo and Suzanne Verver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:283

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In order to achieve a change among teens' sexual behavior, an important step is to improve our knowledge about their opinions concerning relationships, love and sexuality.

    Authors: Jokin de Irala, Alfonso Osorio, Cristina López del Burgo, Vina A Belen, Filipinas O de Guzman, María del Carmen Calatrava and Antonio N Torralba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:282

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The college environment offers great opportunity for HIV high-risk behaviors, including unsafe sex and multiple partnerships. While the overall incidence of HIV infection has seen some decline in recent years,...

    Authors: Adedeji S Adefuye, Titilayo C Abiona, Joseph A Balogun and Mainza Lukobo-Durrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:281

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Since 2002 the sick funds in Germany have widely implemented disease management programs (DMPs) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Little is known about the chara...

    Authors: Kurt Bestehorn, Christina Jannowitz, Barbara Karmann, David Pittrow and Wilhelm Kirch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:280

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa with a population of 1.7 million. The WHO and UNICEF reported an under-five child mortality of 203 per 1000, the 10th highest amongst 192 countries. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Vera Mann, Ila Fazzio, Rebecca King, Polly Walker, Albino dos Santos, Jose Carlos de Sa, Chitra Jayanti, Chris Frost, Diana Elbourne and Peter Boone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:279

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Tuberculosis (TB) case detection in women has remained low in developing world. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of smear positive TB among women with cough regardless of the duration atten...

    Authors: Esther S Ngadaya, Godfrey S Mfinanga, Eliud R Wandwalo and Odd Morkve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:278

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Most research pertaining to childhood obesity has assessed the effectiveness of preventative interventions, while relatively little has been done to advance knowledge in the treatment of obesity. Thus, a 4-wee...

    Authors: Luc J Martin, Shauna M Burke, Sheree Shapiro, Albert V Carron, Jennifer D Irwin, Robert Petrella, Harry Prapavessis and Kevin Shoemaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:277

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. In the Mexican population metabolic syndrome (MS) is highly prevalent. It is well documented that regular physical activity (PA) prevents coronary diseases, type 2 diabetes and MS. Most studies of PA have focu...

    Authors: Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Yvonne Flores, Carole Siani, Michel Lamure, L Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Elizabeth Halley-Castillo, Gerardo Huitrón, Juan O Talavera, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo and Jorge Salmerón

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:276

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Recent studies have shown that adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are underreported. This may be particularly true of ADRs associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Data on CAM-related ADRs, how...

    Authors: Manuela Tabali, Elke Jeschke, Angelina Bockelbrink, Claudia M Witt, Stefan N Willich, Thomas Ostermann and Harald Matthes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:274

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Physical activity (PA) reduces risk factors related to metabolic syndrome. Rurality influences the way people incorporate physical activity into daily life. The aim of this study is to determine the associatio...

    Authors: Clare Vaughan, Adrian Schoo, Edward D Janus, Benjamin Philpot, Nathalie Davis-Lameloise, Sing Kai Lo, Tiina Laatikainen, Erkki Vartiainen and James A Dunbar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:273

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Weight comments are commonly received by adolescents, but the accuracy of the comments and their effects on weight misperception are unclear. We assessed the prevalence and accuracy of weight comments received...

    Authors: Wing-Sze Lo, Sai-Yin Ho, Kwok-Kei Mak, Yuen-Kwan Lai and Tai-Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:271

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There has emerged growing recognition of the link between housing and health. Since Vancouver, Canada has had increasing concerns with homelessness brought about by urban renewal in the lead-up to the 2010 Win...

    Authors: Christina Kim, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Ruth Zhang, Mark W Tyndall, Julio SG Montaner and Evan Wood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:270

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Rubella is an infectious and generally mild childhood viral disease. The disease is of public health importance because infection acquired during early pregnancy often results in foetal abnormalities that are ...

    Authors: Janeth J Kombich, Paul C Muchai, Peter Tukei and Peter K Borus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:269

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Iron deficiency, anemia and hookworm disease are important public health problems for women of reproductive age living in developing countries and affect the health of newborns and infants. Iron supplementatio...

    Authors: Tran Q Phuc, Seema Mihrshahi, Gerard J Casey, Luong B Phu, Nong T Tien, Sonia R Caruana, Tran D Thach, Antonio Montresor and Beverley-Ann Biggs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:266

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is potentially effective measures to identify individuals at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes. To verify the hypothesis that smoking cessation may increase the...

    Authors: Asahi Hishida, Atsushi Koyama, Akiko Tomota, Shirou Katase, Yatami Asai and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:263

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adverse psychosocial work environments may lead to impaired mental health, but it is still a matter of conjecture if demonstrated associations are causal or biased. We aimed at verifying whether poor psychosoc...

    Authors: Jens Peter E Bonde, Torsten Munch-Hansen, Joanna Wieclaw, Niels Westergaard-Nielsen and Esben Agerbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:262

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anemia due to iron deficiency is recognized as one of the major nutritional deficiencies in women and children in developing countries. Daily iron supplementation for pregnant women is recommended in many coun...

    Authors: Gerard J Casey, Tran Q Phuc, Lachlan MacGregor, Antonio Montresor, Seema Mihrshahi, Tran D Thach, Nong T Tien and Beverley-Ann Biggs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:261

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Medical liability concerns centered around maternity care have widespread public health implications, as restrictions in physician scope of practice may threaten quality of and access to care in the current cl...

    Authors: Andrew S Coco, Donna Cohen, Michael A Horst and Angela S Gambler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:257

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among the youth are an increasing challenge for public health in Europe. This study provided estimates of men's (18–25 years) sexual risk behaviour and self-reported STIs...

    Authors: Minna Nikula, Mika Gissler, Vesa Jormanainen, Made Laanpere, Heikki Kunnas, Elina Haavio-Mannila and Elina Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:256

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is currently a trend towards unsafe unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among men who have sex with men. We evaluated a short individual counselling session on reducing UAI among gay and bisexual men.

    Authors: Mireille EG Wolfers, John BF de Wit, Harm J Hospers, Jan H Richardus and Onno de Zwart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:255

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In the UK, parental consent for the routine vaccination of 12–13 year olds schoolgirls against human papillomavirus (HPV) is recommended, although legally girls may be able to consent themselves. As part of a ...

    Authors: Rebecca Stretch, Rosemary McCann, Stephen A Roberts, Peter Elton, David Baxter and Loretta Brabin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:254

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Physical activity declines as children approach puberty. Research has focussed on psychosocial, environmental, and demographic determinants. This paper explores how family and socioeconomic factors are related...

    Authors: Rowan Brockman, Russell Jago, Kenneth R Fox, Janice L Thompson, Kim Cartwright and Angie S Page

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:253

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Infants in utero during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 may have been negatively affected by maternal stress. Studies to date have produced contradictory results.

    Authors: Skye M Endara, Margaret AK Ryan, Carter J Sevick, Ava Marie S Conlin, Caroline A Macera and Tyler C Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:252

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In primary care, up to 74% of physical symptoms is classified as unexplained. These symptoms can cause high levels of distress and healthcare utilization. Cognitive behavioral therapy has shown to be effective...

    Authors: Lyonne NL Zonneveld, Adriaan van 't Spijker, Jan Passchier, Jan J van Busschbach and Hugo J Duivenvoorden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:251

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Depressive and anxiety symptoms in older adults could develop into significant health problems with detrimental effects on quality of life and a possibly poor prognosis. Therefore, there is a need for preventi...

    Authors: Jojanneke Korte, Ernst T Bohlmeijer and Filip Smit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:250

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) was founded in 2003 by the European Parliament and Council. It is a partnership of 14 European Union (EU) member states, Norway, Switzerlan...

    Authors: Mecky I Matee, Christine Manyando, Peter M Ndumbe, Tumani Corrah, Walter G Jaoko, Andrew Y Kitua, Herman PA Ambene, Mathieu Ndounga, Lynn Zijenah, David Ofori-Adjei, Simon Agwale, Steven Shongwe, Thomas Nyirenda and Michael Makanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:249

    Content type: Correspondence

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  27. An irregular bedtime schedule is a prevalent problem in young adults, and could be a factor detrimentally affecting sleep quality. The goal of the present study was to explore the association between an irregu...

    Authors: Jiunn-Horng Kang and Shih-Ching Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:248

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Quantitative measurements of mould enrichment of indoor air or house dust might be suitable surrogates to evaluate present but hidden moisture damage. Our intent was to develop a house-dust monitoring method t...

    Authors: Christoph Baudisch, Ojan Assadian and Axel Kramer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:247

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. US Asian women with early-stage breast cancer are more likely to receive a modified radical mastectomy (MRM) than White women, contrary to clinical recommendations regarding breast conserving treatment (BCT).

    Authors: Jane T Pham, Laura J Allen and Scarlett L Gomez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:246

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Self-assessment of symptoms by patients with chronic conditions is an important element of disease management. A recent study in a commercially-insured population found that patients who received automated tel...

    Authors: Ann C Wu, James Glauber, Charlene Gay and Tracy A Lieu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:244

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Despite widely acknowledged WHO guidelines for the integration of TB and HIV services, heavily burdened countries have been slow to implement these and thus significant missed opportunities have arisen.

    Authors: Rubeshan Perumal, Nesri Padayatchi and Ellen Stiefvater

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:243

    Content type: Debate

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  32. All countries need effective disease surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks. The revised International Health Regulations [IHR], which entered into force for all 194 World Health Organization me...

    Authors: Larissa May, Jean-Paul Chretien and Julie A Pavlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:242

    Content type: Review

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  33. As access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has grown in Africa, attention has turned to evaluating the socio-economic impacts of ART. One key issue is the extent to which improvements in health resulting from A...

    Authors: Bruce A Larson, Mathew P Fox, Sydney Rosen, Margret Bii, Carolyne Sigei, Douglas Shaffer, Fredrick Sawe, Kelly McCoy, Monique Wasunna and Jonathan L Simon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:240

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Workplace mental health promotion (WMHP) aims to prevent and effectively manage the social and economic costs of common mental illnesses such as depression. The mental health of managers and employees within s...

    Authors: Angela Martin, Kristy Sanderson, Jenn Scott and Paula Brough

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:239

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Smoke-free policy aims to protect the health of the population by reducing exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and World Health Organisation (WHO) guidance notes that these policies are only success...

    Authors: Tom Parks, Clare VR Wilson, Kenrick Turner and Joel WE Chin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:238

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Identifying reasons for delay in diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis is important for the health system to find ways to treat patients as early as possible, and hence reduce the suffering of patients and t...

    Authors: Rajendra Basnet, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Don Enarson, Pushpa Malla and Odd Mørkve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:236

    Content type: Research article

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  37. HIV/AIDS is associated with a wide range of mucocutaneous disorders some of which are useful in the clinical staging and prognosis of the syndrome. There is paucity of information regarding the prevalence and ...

    Authors: Millembe F Panya, Yassin M Mgonda and Augustine W Massawe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:234

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In the past decade flexible labour market arrangements have emerged as a significant change in the European Union labour market. Studies suggest that these new types of labour arrangements may be linked to ill...

    Authors: Sylvia J Vermeulen, Sietske J Tamminga, Antonius JM Schellart, Jan Fekke Ybema and Johannes R Anema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:232

    Content type: Research article

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