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  1. Cross-sectional studies detected associations between physical fitness, living area, and sports participation in children. Yet, their scientific value is limited because the identification of cause-and-effect ...

    Authors: Kathleen Golle, Urs Granacher, Martin Hoffmann, Ditmar Wick and Thomas Muehlbauer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:499
  2. Active school transport (AST) is an important source of children’s daily physical activity (PA). However, decreasing rates of AST have been reported in multiple countries during the last decades. The purpose o...

    Authors: Richard Larouche, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Geneviève Leduc, Charles Boyer, Priscilla Bélanger, Allana G LeBlanc, Michael M Borghese and Mark S Tremblay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:497
  3. Observed breast, cervical and colon cancer screening rates are below provincial targets for the province of Ontario, Canada. The populations who are under- or never-screened for these cancers have not been des...

    Authors: Dionne Gesink, Alanna Mihic, Joan Antal, Brooke Filsinger, C Sarai Racey, Daniel Felipe Perez, Todd Norwood, Farah Ahmad, Nancy Kreiger and Paul Ritvo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:495
  4. There is little current information about the unmet mental health care need (UMHCN) and reasons for it among those exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks. The purpose of this study was to as...

    Authors: Sharon J Ghuman, Robert M Brackbill, Steven D Stellman, Mark R Farfel and James E Cone
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:491
  5. HPV vaccine coverage is far from ideal in Valencia, Spain, and this could be partially related to the low knowledge about the disease and the vaccine, therefore we assessed these, as well as the attitude towar...

    Authors: Pedro Navarro-Illana, Javier Diez-Domingo, Esther Navarro-Illana, José Tuells, Sara Alemán and Joan Puig-Barberá
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:490
  6. In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, millions of households have been left with debts that they are unable to manage. Indebtedness may impair the wellbeing of those affected by it for years to come...

    Authors: Elina Turunen and Heikki Hiilamo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:489
  7. The objective of this research project is to understand and to improve workers’ recovery from work stress. Although recovery during lunch breaks is the most common within-workday break, it has received only mi...

    Authors: Jessica de Bloom, Ulla Kinnunen and Kalevi Korpela
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:488
  8. Premorbid metabolic syndrome (pre-MetS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors characterised by central obesity, elevated fasting glucose, atherogenic dyslipidaemia and hypertension without established c...

    Authors: Maria Angeles Via-Sosa, Cristina Toro, Pere Travé and Marian A March
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:487
  9. Random digit dialing is often used in public health research initiatives to accrue and establish a study sample; however few studies have fully described the utility of this approach. The primary objective of ...

    Authors: Jeff K Vallance, Dean T Eurich, Paul A Gardiner, Lorian M Taylor, Gillian Stevens and Steven T Johnson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:486
  10. Physical activity in adolescents is associated with short- and long-term health benefits. Physical activity can occur in various domains and is influenced by a complex network of factors. The aims of this stud...

    Authors: Leandro Fornias Machado de Rezende, Catarina Machado Azeredo, Daniela Silva Canella, Rafael Moreira Claro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro, Renata Bertazzi Levy and Olinda do Carmo Luiz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:485
  11. During public health emergencies, public officials are busy in developing communication strategies to protect the population from existing or potential threats. However, a population’s social and individual de...

    Authors: Leesa Lin, Elena Savoia, Foluso Agboola and Kasisomayajula Viswanath
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:484
  12. Media content can increase awareness of, and shape interactions with, public health interventions. As part of a natural experimental evaluation of the travel, physical activity and health impacts of the Cambri...

    Authors: Joanna May Kesten, Simon Cohn and David Ogilvie
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:482
  13. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), measured by a simple step test, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Korean adults, in a c...

    Authors: Sunghyun Hong, Junga Lee, Jihye Park, Mikyung Lee, Ji Young Kim, Kyong-Chol Kim, Sun Hyun Kim, Jee Aee Im, Sang Hui Chu, Sang Hoon Suh, Sang Hwan Kim and Justin Y Jeon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:481
  14. Alcohol Management Plans (AMPs) were first implemented by the Queensland Government a decade ago (2002–03). In 2008, further stringent controls were implemented and alcohol was effectively prohibited in some o...

    Authors: Caryn West, Kim Usher and Alan R Clough
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:479
  15. Three-year duration Demand-Based Reproductive Commodity Project (DBRHCP) was launched in three low performing areas: rural Nabiganj (population 323,357), Raipur (population 260,983) and urban slum in Dhaka (po...

    Authors: Rukhsana Gazi, Humayun Kabir and Nirod Chandra Saha
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:478
  16. According to Ulrich’s psychoevolutionary theory, contact with green environments mitigates stress by activating the parasympathetic system, (specifically, by decreasing blood pressure (BP)). Experimental studi...

    Authors: Iana Markevych, Elisabeth Thiering, Elaine Fuertes, Dorothea Sugiri, Dietrich Berdel, Sibylle Koletzko, Andrea von Berg, Carl-Peter Bauer and Joachim Heinrich
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:477
  17. In Nepal, childhood unintentional injury is an emerging public health problem but it has not been prioritised on national health agenda. There is lack of literature on community perceptions about child injurie...

    Authors: Puspa Raj Pant, Elizabeth Towner, Paul Pilkington, Matthew Ellis and Dharma Manandhar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:476
  18. Male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) are at risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We conducted a two-arm randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a sexual risk reduction...

    Authors: Eileen V Pitpitan, Claudia V Chavarin, Shirley J Semple, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Steffanie A Strathdee and Thomas L Patterson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:475
  19. Body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin (Hb) are positively associated with hypertensive disorders among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to estimate a potential interaction between high BMI and high Hb ...

    Authors: Qiuan Zhong, Jiangyan Xu, Yingquan Long, Yingying Deng, Jinlan Hu, Xiaofei Li and Xiaoqiang Qiu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:474
  20. The mental health of carers is an important proximate factor in the causal web linking housing conditions to child health, as well as being important in its own right. Improved understanding of the nature of t...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Matthew Stevens and Elizabeth L McDonald
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:472
  21. The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is highly effective in promoting weight loss in overweight and obese individuals. However, one-on-one DPP sessions are costly. As a cost-saving alternative, a group versio...

    Authors: Bärbel Knäuper, Elena Ivanova, Zhen Xu, Melodie Chamandy, Ilka Lowensteyn, Lawrence Joseph, Aleksandra Luszczynska and Steven Grover
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:470
  22. Physical inactivity is a global pandemic. The population attributable fraction (PAF) of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) associated with physical inactivity ranges from 3% to 40%. The purpose of this systematic...

    Authors: Hashel Al Tunaiji, Jennifer C Davis, Dawn C Mackey and Karim M Khan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:469
  23. Although rates of tobacco use and exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are declining in Canada, SHS exposure among non-smoking adolescents remains high. This study aimed to describe frequency, locations, and av...

    Authors: Jennifer Schwartz, Raquel B Graham, Chris G Richardson, Chizimuzo T Okoli, Laura L Struik and Joan L Bottorff
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:468
  24. The setting for this study was the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, an archipelago of 82 islands, located in the South Pacific Ocean. Our objective was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of tube...

    Authors: Kerri A Viney, Penelope Johnson, Markleen Tagaro, Saen Fanai, Nguyen N Linh, Paul Kelly, David Harley and Adrian Sleigh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:467
  25. More than 12 million women and men are victims of partner violence each year. Although the health outcomes of partner violence have been well documented, we know very little about specific event-level characte...

    Authors: Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Nadine M Connell, Michael S Businelle, Wesley G Jennings and Karen G Chartier
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:466
  26. Immunization averts an estimated 2 to 3 million deaths every year globally. In Ethiopia only quarter of children are fully immunized; the rest are remained at risk for vaccine-preventable mortality. To increas...

    Authors: Worku Animaw, Wondimagegn Taye, Behailu Merdekios, Marilign Tilahun and Gistane Ayele
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:464
  27. Mobile populations are at a high risk of malaria infection and suspected to carry and spread resistant parasites. The Myanmar National Malaria Control Programme focuses on preventive interventions and vector c...

    Authors: Khin Thet Wai, Myat Phone Kyaw, Tin Oo, PeThet Zaw, Myat Htut Nyunt, Moe Thida and Thar Tun Kyaw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:463
  28. Only a few studies to evaluate groundwater fluoride in Eastern Africa have been undertaken outside the volcanic belt of the Great Eastern Africa Rift Valley. The extent and impact of water fluoride outside the...

    Authors: Enos W Wambu, Stephen G Agong, Beatrice Anyango, Walter Akuno and Teresa Akenga
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:462
  29. Studies all over the world reported that smoking relapses occur during the first two weeks after a quit date. The current study aimed to assess the impact of the additional phone calls counselling during the f...

    Authors: Ali Qais Blebil, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Juman Abdulelah Dujaili and Alfian Mohamed Zin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:460
  30. The UK has one of the highest rates for deaths from fire and flames in children aged 0–14 years compared to other high income countries. Evidence shows that smoke alarms can reduce the risk of fire-related inj...

    Authors: Pedro Saramago, Nicola J Cooper, Alex J Sutton, Mike Hayes, Ken Dunn, Andrea Manca and Denise Kendrick
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:459
  31. Developing, implementing and evaluating worksite health promotion requires dealing with all stakeholders involved, such as employers, employees, occupational physicians, insurance companies, providers, labour ...

    Authors: Jantien van Berkel, Agnes Meershoek, Rien MJPA Janssens, Cécile RL Boot, Karin I Proper and Allard J van der Beek
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:458
  32. The increasing rates of obesity among children and adolescents, especially in those from lower socio-economic backgrounds, emphasise the need for interventions promoting a healthy diet and physical activity. T...

    Authors: Veerle Dubuy, Katrien De Cocker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Lea Maes, Jan Seghers, Johan Lefevre, Kristine De Martelaer, Hannah Brooke and Greet Cardon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:457
  33. The majority of chronic disease is caused by risk factors which are mostly preventable. Effective interventions to reduce these risks are known and proven to be applicable to a variety of settings. Chronic dis...

    Authors: Diana Divajeva, Tim Marsh, Susanne Logstrup, Marleen Kestens, Pepijn Vemer, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Sophie Peresson, Sophie O’Kelly, Ana Rito and Laura Webber
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:456
  34. Data from the WHO shows that the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased by ~20% between 2002 and 2010 in Nigeria. We conducted this study to examine the correlates of this fast growing epidemic.

    Authors: Sally N Akarolo-Anthony, Walter C Willett, Donna Spiegelman and Clement A Adebamowo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:455
  35. To generate knowledge about potential improvements to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination information and organization strategies, we assessed how aspects of HPV vaccination are associated with parents’ pre...

    Authors: Robine Hofman, Esther W de Bekker-Grob, Hein Raat, Theo JM Helmerhorst, Marjolein van Ballegooijen and Ida J Korfage
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:454
  36. Data on knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and practices (KABP) of persons with recent HIV infection compared to controls with negative HIV test result provide information on current risk patterns and can help to...

    Authors: Claudia Santos-Hövener, Ruth Zimmermann, Claudia Kücherer, Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Stephan Wildner, Osamah Hamouda and Ulrich Marcus
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:453
  37. To date, a large proportion of people still suffer from diarrhea diseases. In addition to the burden of diarrhea, there are substantial social and economic costs caused by the high incidence of diarrheal disea...

    Authors: Chunna Ma, Shuangsheng Wu, Peng Yang, Haiyue Li, Song Tang and Quanyi Wang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:451
  38. Mothers encouraging their children to control their weight is problematic as it is associated with children’s body dissatisfaction and weight concerns as well as further weight gain. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Anja C Schreiber, Dorothea Kesztyüs, Tamara Wirt, Nanette Erkelenz, Susanne Kobel and Jürgen M Steinacker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:450
  39. Several studies have reported that individualized residential place-based discrimination (PBD) affects residents’ health. However, studies exploring the association between institutionalized PBD and health are...

    Authors: Takahiro Tabuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Wakaba Fukushima, Ichiro Matsunaga, Satoko Ohfuji, Kyoko Kondo, Miki Inui, Yuka Sayanagi, Yoshio Hirota, Eiji Kawano and Hiroyuki Fukuhara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:449
  40. Chewing khat leaves is often accompanied by tobacco use. We assessed aspects of tobacco use and explored factors associated with tobacco use patterns (frequency of use per week) among khat chewers who used tob...

    Authors: Saba Kassim, Nikki Rogers and Kelly Leach
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:448
  41. A common belief is that pain is uncommon and short lived in adolescents. However, the burden of pain in adolescents is unclear because of limitations in previous research. The aim of this study is to estimate ...

    Authors: Michael Steven Swain, Nicholas Henschke, Steven James Kamper, Inese Gobina, Veronika Ottová-Jordan and Christopher Gerard Maher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:447
  42. Acute lower respiratory illness (ALRI) is a major global cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5. Antibiotic treatment for ALRI is inexpensive and decreases case fatality, but care-seeking patt...

    Authors: Emily M Mosites, Alastair I Matheson, Eli Kern, Lisa E Manhart, Saul S Morris and Stephen E Hawes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:446
  43. Knowledge exchange portals are emerging as web tools that can help facilitate knowledge management in public health. We conducted a review to better understand the nature of these portals and their contributio...

    Authors: Emma Quinn, Carmen Huckel-Schneider, Danielle Campbell, Holly Seale and Andrew J Milat
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:443

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