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  1. Pre-travel health assessments aim to promote risk reduction through preventive measures and safe behavior, including ensuring travelers are up-to-date with their immunizations. However, studies assessing pre-t...

    Authors: Anita E Heywood, Rochelle E Watkins, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Kessarawan Nilvarangkul and C Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:321

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Although medication adherence and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are two different outcome measures, it is believed that adherence to medication leads to an improvement in overall HRQoL. The study aime...

    Authors: Fahad Saleem, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Asrul Akmal Shafie, George A Awad, Muhammad Atif, Noman ul Haq, Hisham Aljadhey and Maryam Farooqui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:318

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The rationale for the English National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) has been questioned. There has been little analysis, however, of what drove the NCSP’s establishment and how it was implemented. Such...

    Authors: Jessica Sheringham, Paula Baraitser, Ian Simms, Graham Hart and Rosalind Raine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:317

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive and lethal tumour strongly associated with exposure to asbestos (mainly occupational). In Italy a large proportion of workers are protected from occupational diseases by...

    Authors: Alessandro Marinaccio, Alberto Scarselli, Enzo Merler and Sergio Iavicoli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:314

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in developing countries. However, glycaemia control remains suboptimal and insulin use is low. One important barrier is the lack of an effici...

    Authors: Ping Yein Lee, Yew Kong Lee and Chirk Jenn Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:313

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Early retirement due to disability is a public health and work environment problem that shortens working careers. Transition to disability retirement is based on ill-health, but working conditions are also of ...

    Authors: Eero Lahelma, Mikko Laaksonen, Tea Lallukka, Pekka Martikainen, Olli Pietiläinen, Peppiina Saastamoinen, Raija Gould and Ossi Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:309

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has sharply decreased morbidity and mortality rates among HIV infected patients. Due to this, more and more people with HIV live longer and healthier lives. Yet...

    Authors: Estifanos Yalew, Desalegn T Zegeye and Solomon Meseret

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:308

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prior to the availability of the specific pandemic vaccine, strategies to mitigate the impact of the disease typically involved antiviral treatment and “non-pharmaceutical” community interventions. However, co...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Jackie PI Mak, Husna Razee and C Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:307

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The current academic literature suggests there is a potential for using gardening as a tool to improve children’s fruit and vegetable intake. This study is two parallel randomised controlled trials (RCT) devis...

    Authors: Meaghan S Christian, Charlotte EL Evans, Mark Conner, Joan K Ransley and Janet E Cade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:304

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The contribution of occupational exposures to COPD and their interaction with cigarette smoking on clinical pattern of COPD remain underappreciated. The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of occ...

    Authors: Denis Caillaud, Franck Lemoigne, Philippe Carré, Roger Escamilla, Pascal Chanez, Pierre-Régis Burgel, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Gilles Jebrak, Christophe Pinet, Thierry Perez, Graziella Brinchault, Jean-Louis Paillasseur and Nicolas Roche

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:302

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Physical inactivity has been deemed a significant, contributing factor to childhood overweight and obesity. In recent years, many school systems removed recess and/or physical education from their curriculum d...

    Authors: Connie L Tompkins, Jacob Hopkins, Lauren Goddard and David W Brock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:300

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may offer benefits as well as risks to people with cardiovascular disease. Understanding the prevalence and the nature of CAM use will encourage beneficial CAM ther...

    Authors: Suzanne J Grant, Yu Sun Bin, Hosen Kiat and Dennis Hsu-Tung Chang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:299

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Unsafe abortion has been a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in Nepal. Since legalization in 2002, more than 1,200 providers have been trained and 487 sites have been certified for the prov...

    Authors: Mahesh Puri, Prabhat Lamichhane, Tabetha Harken, Maya Blum, Cynthia C Harper, Philip D Darney and Jillian T Henderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:297

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cigarette smoking has been associated with accelerated decline in lung function, increased health services use and asthma severity in patients with asthma. Previous studies have provided insight into how smoki...

    Authors: Teresa To, Corinne Daly, Rachel Feldman and Susan McLimont

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:293

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Studies of HIV-related risk in trans (transgender, transsexual, or transitioned) people have most often involved urban convenience samples of those on the male-to-female (MTF) spectrum. Studies have detected h...

    Authors: Greta R Bauer, Robb Travers, Kyle Scanlon and Todd A Coleman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:292

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The training of health workers in the use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) is an important component of a wider strategy to improve parasite-based malaria diagnosis at lower level health care facilitie...

    Authors: Daniel J Kyabayinze, Caroline Asiimwe, Damalie Nakanjako, Jane Nabakooza, Moses Bajabaite, Clare Strachan, James K Tibenderana and Jean Pierre Van Geetruyden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:291

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Both diabetic and non-diabetic end stage renal disease (ESRD) are more common among Canadian First Nations people than among the general Canadian population. The purpose of this research was to determine the p...

    Authors: James Michael Zacharias, T Kue Young, Natalie D Riediger, Joanne Roulette and Sharon G Bruce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:290

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A previous study has suggested that drug price adjustments allow physicians in Taiwan to gain greater profit by prescribing generic drugs. To better understand the effect of price adjustments on physician choi...

    Authors: Shiou-Huei Huang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Shu-Hui Yu and Thau-Ming Cham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:288

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China is very high. This study aimed to assess the vulnerability of COPD patients in rural areas outside Xuzhou City, Jiangsu province, in order...

    Authors: Peian Lou, Yanan Zhu, Peipei Chen, Pan Zhang, Jiaxi Yu, Ning Zhang, Na Chen, Lei Zhang, Hongmin Wu and Jing Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:287

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An important contribution of the social determinants of health perspective has been to inquire about non-medical determinants of population health. Among these, labour market regulations are of vital significa...

    Authors: Carles Muntaner, Haejoo Chung, Joan Benach and Edwin Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:286

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of population health. Explanatory approaches on how SES determines health have so far included numerous factors, amongst them psychosocial factors such as...

    Authors: Nico Vonneilich, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel, Jens Klein, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist and Olaf von dem Knesebeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:285

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The early years are the period of growth for which we know the least about the impact of physical activity. In contrast, we know that more than 90 % of school-aged Canadian children, for example, are not meeti...

    Authors: Brian W Timmons, Nicole A Proudfoot, Maureen J MacDonald, Steven R Bray and John Cairney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:284

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Hypertension is an overwhelming global challenge with high morbidity and mortality rates. The prevalence of HTN is estimated to be 6% in Ethiopia and 30% in Addis Ababa. Poor adherence is associated with bad o...

    Authors: Abere Dessie Ambaw, Getahun Asres Alemie, Solomon Meseret W/Yohannes and Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:282

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Heart disease is a leading cause of the gap in burden of disease between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. Our study investigated short- and long-term mortality after admission for Aboriginal and non-...

    Authors: Deborah A Randall, Louisa R Jorm, Sanja Lujic, Aiden J O’Loughlin, Timothy R Churches, Mary M Haines, Sandra J Eades and Alastair H Leyland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:281

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In 2005, Pakistan was first labeled as a country with concentrated epidemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This was revealed through second generation surveillance conducted by HIV/AIDS Surveillance Pr...

    Authors: Arshad Altaf, Aysha Zahidie and Ajmal Agha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:279

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally; yet the overall burden of diarrhea in terms of duration and severity has not been quantified. As improvements in treatment lead to decreases in ...

    Authors: Laura M Lamberti, Christa L Fischer Walker and Robert E Black

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:276

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2012 12:832

  27. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective form of obesity management for those whose BMI is greater than 40 (or 35 with co morbidities). A minority of patients, however, either do not show the desired ...

    Authors: Amelia Hollywood, Jane Ogden and Christopher Pring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:275

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substanc...

    Authors: Damir Sekulic, Marko Ostojic, Zdenko Ostojic, Braco Hajdarevic and Ljerka Ostojic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:274

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The intersection between illicit drug use and female commercial sex work has been identified as an important factor responsible for rising HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSW) in several northeastern ...

    Authors: Gajendra Kumar Medhi, Jagadish Mahanta, Michelle Kermode, Ramesh S Paranjape, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Sanjib Kumar Phukan and P Ngully

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:273

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in China. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among the general population and the risk factor...

    Authors: Xiaoqing Li, Yingjun Zheng, Adrian Liau, Biao Cai, Dongqing Ye, Feng Huang, Xiaorong Sheng, Fuyang Ge, Liu Xuan, Shun Li and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:272

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A significant number of smokers would like to stop smoking. Despite the demonstrated efficacy of pharmacological smoking cessation treatments, many smokers are unwilling to use them; however, they are inclined...

    Authors: Maria Dickson-Spillmann, Thomas Kraemer, Kristina Rust and Michael Schaub

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:271

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Socioeconomic position (SEP) throughout life is associated with cardiovascular disease, though the mechanisms linking these two are unclear. It is also unclear whether there are critical periods in the life co...

    Authors: Douglas A West, Gabriel M Leung, Chao Q Jiang, Timothy M Elwell-Sutton, Wei S Zhang, Tai H Lam, Kar K Cheng and C Mary Schooling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:269

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Public health emergencies have the potential to disproportionately impact disadvantaged populations due to pre-established social and economic inequalities. Internationally, prior to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pa...

    Authors: Nadia A Charania and Leonard JS Tsuji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:268

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Reversing the obesity epidemic requires the development and evaluation of childhood obesity intervention programs. Lifestyle Triple P is a parent-focused group program that addresses three topics: nutrition, p...

    Authors: Sanne MPL Gerards, Pieter C Dagnelie, Maria WJ Jansen, Lidy OHM van der Goot, Nanne K de Vries, Matthew R Sanders and Stef PJ Kremers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:267

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. There has been an overall decrease in incident ischaemic heart disease (IHD), but the reduction in IHD risk factors has been greater among those with higher social position. Increased social inequalities in IH...

    Authors: Linda Ernstsen, Bjørn Heine Strand, Sara Marie Nilsen, Geir Arild Espnes and Steinar Krokstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:266

    Content type: Research article

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  36. As epidemiological surveys have shown, binge drinking is a constant and wide-spread problem behavior in adolescents. It is not rare to find that more than half of all adolescents engage in this behavior when a...

    Authors: Carolin Donath, Elmar Gräßel, Dirk Baier, Christian Pfeiffer, Stefan Bleich and Thomas Hillemacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:263

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Vector control programs, which have focused mainly on the patient house and peridomestic areas around dengue cases, have not produced the expected impact on transmission. This project will evaluate the assumpt...

    Authors: Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Jorge Velasco-Hernández, Fredi Alexander Díaz-Quijano, Mariana González-Fernández, René Santos, Susana Román, Jorge Argáez-Sosa, Miguel Nakamura and José Ramos-Castañeda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:262

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Patient financial incentives ("incentives") have been widely used to promote chlamydia screening uptake amongst 15-24 year olds in England, but there is scarce evidence of their effectiveness. The objectives o...

    Authors: Dominik Zenner, Darko Molinar, Tom Nichols, Johanna Riha, Mary Macintosh and Anthony Nardone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:261

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pesticide self-poisoning is the most commonly used suicide method worldwide, but few studies have investigated the national epidemiology of pesticide suicide in countries where it is a major public health prob...

    Authors: Shu-Sen Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Jonathan AC Sterne, Michael Eddleston, Jin-Jia Lin and David Gunnell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:260

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Despite the severe impact of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the health of older people aged 50+ is often overlooked owing to the dearth of data on the direct and indirect effects of HIV on older people’s health st...

    Authors: Makandwe Nyirenda, Somnath Chatterji, Jane Falkingham, Portia Mutevedzi, Victoria Hosegood, Maria Evandrou, Paul Kowal and Marie-Louise Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:259

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hazardous drinking among adolescents is a major public health concern. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of binge drinking/alcohol consumption and its association with different types of ...

    Authors: Patrícia M Zarzar, Kelly O Jorge, Tuula Oksanen, Miriam P Vale, Efigênia F Ferreira and Ichiro Kawachi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:257

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Non-compliance with antidepressant treatment continues to be a complex problem in mental health care. In immigrant populations non-compliance is one of several barriers to adequate management of mental illness...

    Authors: Inés Cruz, Catalina Serna, Montserrat Rué, Jordi Real, Jorge Soler-Gonzalez and Leonardo Galván

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:256

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Childhood obesity in rural communities is a serious but understudied problem. The current experiment aims to assess a wide range of obesity risk factors among rural youth and to offer an 8-month intervention p...

    Authors: Wesley C Lynch, Jill Martz, Galen Eldridge, Sandra J Bailey, Carrie Benke and Lynn Paul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:255

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. To assess the coverage of individual-based primary prevention strategies for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Cambodia and Mongolia: specifically the early identification of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, ...

    Authors: Dugee Otgontuya, Sophal Oum, Enkhtuya Palam, Manju Rani and Brian S Buckley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:254

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Globally, mental health promotion related to psychological distress in the workplace has become a great concern, and a focus of much research attention. However, a sense of contribution to society and sense of...

    Authors: Kenichi Ozaki, Yutaka Motohashi, Yoshihiro Kaneko and Koji Fujita

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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