Skip to main content

Articles

Page 283 of 313

  1. Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of health. European comparisons of perinatal mortality show an unfavourable position for the Netherlands. Our objective was to study regional variation in perinata...

    Authors: Miranda Tromp, Martine Eskes, Johannes B Reitsma, Jan Jaap HM Erwich, Hens AA Brouwers, Greta C Rijninks-van Driel, Gouke J Bonsel and Anita CJ Ravelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The course of alcohol consumption and cognitive dimensions of behavior change (readiness to change, importance of changing and confidence in ability to change) in primary care patients are not well described. ...

    Authors: Nicolas Bertholet, Nicholas J Horton and Richard Saitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. A range of self-tests on body materials has become available to the general public, but the extent of their use has hardly been studied. This study examined how many people use diagnostic self-tests on body ma...

    Authors: Gaby Ronda, Piet Portegijs, Geert-Jan Dinant, Frank Buntinx, Roelf Norg and Trudy van der Weijden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Cholera remains a serious public health problem in low-income countries despite efforts in the past to promote oral rehydration therapy as major treatment. In 2007, the majority of worldwide cases (94%) and de...

    Authors: Christian Schaetti, Raymond Hutubessy, Said M Ali, Al Pach, Mitchell G Weiss, Claire-Lise Chaignat and Ahmed M Khatib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:99

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  5. Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and...

    Authors: Duong Cong Thanh, Karen Marie Moland and Knut Fylkesnes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The Government has promoted self-care. Our aim was to review evidence about who uses self-tests and other self-care activities (over-the-counter medicine, private sector, complementary and alternative medicine...

    Authors: Angela Ryan, Sue Wilson, Aliki Taylor and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:96

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Mortality from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) has remained stable over the last thirty years and it is unclear whether pre-hospital antibiotherapy actually produces a decrease in this mortality. Our aim ...

    Authors: Emilio Perea-Milla, Julián Olalla, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo, Francisco Martos, Petra Matute-Cruz, Guadalupe Carmona-López, Yolanda Fornieles, Aurelio Cayuela and Javier García-Alegría

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:95

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Childhood obesity and physical inactivity are increasing dramatically worldwide. Children of low socioeconomic status and/or children of migrant background are especially at risk. In general, the overall effec...

    Authors: Iris Niederer, Susi Kriemler, Lukas Zahner, Flavia Bürgi, Vincent Ebenegger, Tim Hartmann, Ursina Meyer, Christian Schindler, Andreas Nydegger, Pedro Marques-Vidal and Jardena J Puder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:94

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. With the increase of international travels, infectious disease control is gaining a greater importance across regional borders. Adequate surveillance system function is crucial to prevent a global spread of in...

    Authors: Hyo-Soon Yoo, Ok Park, Hye-Kyung Park, Eun-Gyu Lee, Eun-Kyeong Jeong, Jong-Koo Lee and Sung-Il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:93

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. To help improve incident preparedness this study assessed socio-demographic and socio-economic predictors of perceived risk of terrorism within Australia and willingness to comply with public safety directives...

    Authors: Garry Stevens, Kingsley Agho, Melanie Taylor, Margo Barr, Beverley Raphael and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:91

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. The functional significance of moderate riboflavin deficiency as it is currently assessed is not well understood. Animal and human studies have suggested a role for riboflavin in the absorption and mobilisatio...

    Authors: Marilyn HE Hill, Sohail Mushtaq, Elizabeth A Williams, Jack R Dainty and Hilary J Powers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:90

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  12. Different studies have shown insufficient blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients. Multiple factors influence hypertension management, and the quality of primary care is one of them. We decided th...

    Authors: Roser Vallès-Fernandez, Magdalena Rosell-Murphy, Olga Correcher-Aventin, Lucas Mengual-Martínez, Núria Aznar-Martínez, Gemma Prieto-De Lamo, Alícia Franzi-Sisó, Jordi Puig-Manresa and Josep Ma Bonet-Simó

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:89

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. Overweight and obese persons are at risk of a number of medical conditions which can lead to further morbidity and mortality. The primary objective of this study is to provide an estimate of the incidence of e...

    Authors: Daphne P Guh, Wei Zhang, Nick Bansback, Zubin Amarsi, C Laird Birmingham and Aslam H Anis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:88

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Childhood obesity levels are rising with estimates suggesting that around one in three children in Western countries are overweight. People from lower socioeconomic status and ethnic minority backgrounds are a...

    Authors: Anwen Rees, Non Thomas, Sinead Brophy, Gareth Knox and Rhys Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:86

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  15. There is increasing interest in underlying socio-cultural, economic, environmental and health-system influences on the persistence of malaria. Vietnam is a Mekong regional 'success story' after dramatic declin...

    Authors: Martha Morrow, Quy A Nguyen, Sonia Caruana, Beverley A Biggs, Nhan H Doan and Tien T Nong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:85

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Breast cancer (BC) is a major public health problem, with rising incidence in many regions of the globe. Although mortality has recently dropped in developed countries, death rates are still increasing in some...

    Authors: Maira Caleffi, Rodrigo A Ribeiro, Dakir L Duarte Filho, Patrícia Ashton-Prolla, Ademar J Bedin Junior, Giovana P Skonieski, Juliana M Zignani, Juliana Giacomazzi, Luciane R Franco, Márcia Graudenz, Paula Pohlmann, Jefferson G Fernandes, Philip Kivitz and Bernardete Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:83

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  17. Male pattern baldness (MPB), an observable trait, has been reported to be associated with various diseases, such as prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease. Oral sulfur-containing gases have also been sugge...

    Authors: Toshihiro Ansai, Shuji Awano, Inho Soh, Yutaka Takata, Akihiro Yoshida, Tomoko Hamasaki and Tadamichi Takehara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Despite the use of a series of preventive measures, a high incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was observed among health care workers (HCWs) during the SARS epidemic. This study aimed to dete...

    Authors: Wei-Qing Chen, Wen-Hua Ling, Ci-Yong Lu, Yuan-Tao Hao, Zhong-Ning Lin, Li Ling, Jian Huang, Gang Li and Guang-Mei Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:81

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. National HIV serological and behavioural surveillance of Bangladesh repeatedly demonstrated a very high proportion of rickshaw pullers in Dhaka city, having sex with female sex workers (FSWs) and using illicit...

    Authors: Md Hafiz Ehsanul Hoque, Masako Ono-Kihara, Saman Zamani, Shahrzad Mortazavi Ravari and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:80

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. This study compares prevalence and types of medical end-of-life decisions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities of Belgium. This is the first nationwide study that can make these compariso...

    Authors: Lieve Van den Block, Reginald Deschepper, Johan Bilsen, Nathalie Bossuyt, Viviane Van Casteren and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:79

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Patient choice and access to health care is compromised by many barriers including travel distance. Individuals with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can seek free specialist care in Britain, without a r...

    Authors: Penny A Cook, Jennifer Downing, C Philip Wheater, Mark A Bellis, Karen Tocque, Qutub Syed and Penelope A Phillips-Howard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:78

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Little is known about the patterns and influences of physical activity change in mid-aged adults. This study describes the design, sampling, data collection, and analytical plan of HABITAT, an innovative study...

    Authors: Nicola W Burton, Michele Haynes, Lee-Ann M Wilson, Billie Giles-Corti, Brian F Oldenburg, Wendy J Brown, Katrina Giskes and Gavin Turrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:76

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  23. Religion shapes everyday beliefs and activities, but few studies have examined its associations with attitudes about HIV. This exploratory study in Tanzania probed associations between religious beliefs and HI...

    Authors: James Zou, Yvonne Yamanaka, Muze John, Melissa Watt, Jan Ostermann and Nathan Thielman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Parents play a vital role as children develop tobacco behaviours. Many parents feel unsure about their possibility to influence their teenager's lifestyle. Knowledge about young people's acceptance for parenta...

    Authors: Maria Nilsson, Lars Weinehall, Erik Bergström, Hans Stenlund and Urban Janlert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:74

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Women report more occupational ill-health and are more sick-listed than men. Exploration of women's working conditions would therefore seem to be valuable. In this study we investigated the prevalence of work-...

    Authors: Kristina Holmgren, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Cecilia Björkelund and Gunnel Hensing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. We estimated the number of women undergoing cervical cancer screening annually in Italy, the rates of cervical abnormalities detected, and the costs of screening and management of abnormalities.

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Alessandro Ricciardi, Catherine Cohet, Fabio Palazzo, Giacomo Furnari, Sabrina Valle, Nathalie Largeron and Antonio Federici

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:71

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. There is little research on the relationship between key socioeconomic variables and alcohol related harms in Australia. The aim of this research was to examine the relationship between income inequality and t...

    Authors: Paul M Dietze, Damien J Jolley, Tanya N Chikritzhs, Susan Clemens, Paul Catalano and Tim Stockwell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:70

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Self-poisoning with pesticides is a major reason for high suicide rates in rural areas of many developing countries. Safer storage of pesticides may be one means of prevention. We have conducted a study to ass...

    Authors: Keith Hawton, Lakshmi Ratnayeke, Sue Simkin, Louise Harriss and Vanda Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Spain continues to present challenges, and problems are exacerbated when there is a lack of coordinated follow-up be...

    Authors: Ignasi Bolíbar, Vicente Plaza, Mariantònia Llauger, Ester Amado, Pedro A Antón, Ana Espinosa, Leandra Domínguez, Mar Fraga, Montserrat Freixas, Josep A de la Fuente, Iskra Liguerre, Casimira Medrano, Meritxell Peiro, Mariantònia Pou, Joaquin Sanchis, Ingrid Solanes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:68

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Approximately 46 million of the estimated 60 million deaths that occur in the world each year take place in developing countries. Further, this mortality is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, although causes of mo...

    Authors: Jahit Sacarlal, Ariel Q Nhacolo, Betuel Sigaúque, Delino A Nhalungo, Fatima Abacassamo, Charfudin N Sacoor, Pedro Aide, Sonia Machevo, Tacilta Nhampossa, Eusébio V Macete, Quique Bassat, Catarina David, Azucena Bardají, Emili Letang, Francisco Saúte, John J Aponte…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:67

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Although there has been a reduction of rabies in pets and domestic animals during recent decades in the United States, rabies remains enzootic among bats and several species of terrestrial wildlife. Spillover ...

    Authors: Catherine W Roseveare, W David Goolsby and Ivo M Foppa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:65

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Screening invitations have traditionally been brief, providing information only about population benefits. Presenting information about the limited individual benefits and potential harms of screening to infor...

    Authors: Eleanor Mann, A Toby Prevost, Simon Griffin, Ian Kellar, Stephen Sutton, Michael Parker, Simon Sanderson, Ann Louise Kinmonth and Theresa M Marteau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:63

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. The incidence of cervical cancer varies dramatically, both globally and within individual countries. The age-standardised incidence of cervical cancer was compared across primary care trusts (PCTs) in South Ea...

    Authors: Laura G Currin, Ruth H Jack, Karen M Linklater, Vivian Mak, Henrik Møller and Elizabeth A Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:62

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. In-depth and structured evaluation of the stigma associated with depression has been lacking. This study aimed to inform the design of interventions to reduce stigma by systematically investigating community p...

    Authors: Lisa J Barney, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen and Anthony F Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Do estimates of alcohol abuse reflect true levels across United States Hispanics and non-Hispanic Caucasians, or does culturally-based, systematic measurement error (i.e., measurement bias) affect estimates? L...

    Authors: Adam C Carle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Anaemia is an important problem amongst young children living in rural India. However, there has not previously been a detailed study of the biological aetiology of this anaemia, exploring the relative contrib...

    Authors: Sant-Rayn Pasricha, Varalaxmi Vijaykumar, NS Prashanth, H Sudarshan, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Jim Black and Arun Shet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:59

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of mortality in Iran. A six-year, comprehensive, integrated community-based demonstration study entitled Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) conducted in Iran...

    Authors: Katayoun Rabiei, Roya Kelishadi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Heidar Ali Abedi, Mousa Alavi, Kamal Heidari, Ahmad Bahonar, Maryam Boshtam, Karim Zare and Shahryar Sadeghi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:57

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Healthcare workers (HCWs) will play a key role in any response to pandemic influenza, and the UK healthcare system's ability to cope during an influenza pandemic will depend, to a large extent, on the number o...

    Authors: Jonathan Ives, Sheila Greenfield, Jayne M Parry, Heather Draper, Christine Gratus, Judith I Petts, Tom Sorell and Sue Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The tuberculosis reporting enquiry system was launched in Taiwan in 2001. Tuberculosis has been categorized as the third most important notifiable disease in Taiwan and the time required for reporting has been...

    Authors: Hui-Ping Lin, Chung-Yeh Deng and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:55

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. In Greece, there is limited research on issues related to organ donation, and the low rate of registration as donors requires explanation. This study reports the findings of a survey of knowledge and attitudes...

    Authors: Emmanouil K Symvoulakis, Ioannis D Komninos, Nikos Antonakis, Myfanwy Morgan, Athanasios Alegakis, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Marios Chatziarsenis, Anastas Philalithis and Roger Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Delays seeking care increase transmission of pulmonary tuberculosis and hence the burden of tuberculosis, which remains high in developing countries. This study investigates patterns of health seeking behavior...

    Authors: Mengiste M Mesfin, James N Newell, John D Walley, Amanuel Gessessew and Richard J Madeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: