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  1. Hypertension is one of the largest causes of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. There are few population-based studies on hypertension epidemiology to guide public health strategies in sub-Saharan ...

    Authors: Prashant Kotwani, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Jane Kabami, Elvin H Geng, Vivek Jain, Gabriel Chamie, Maya L Petersen, Harsha Thirumurthy, Moses R Kamya, Edwin D Charlebois and Diane V Havlir
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1151
  2. Cigarette smoking is a prominent risk factor for a wide range of diseases. The current study aimed to evaluate the impact of smoking on deaths from major smoking-related diseases (neoplasms, vascular diseases ...

    Authors: Wei Han, Jingmei Jiang, Junyao Li, Xianjia Zeng, Xiaonong Zou, Yanping Wu, Yuanli Chen, Ping Zhao, Lei Hou, Haiyu Pang and Boqi Liu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1147
  3. Despite claims that the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) targets on access to safe drinking water have been met, many 100 s of millions of people still have no access. The challenge remains how to provide th...

    Authors: Paul R Hunter, Helen Risebro, Marie Yen, Hélène Lefebvre, Chay Lo, Philippe Hartemann, Christophe Longuet and François Jaquenoud
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1145
  4. There is a clear disparity in smoking rates according to social disadvantage. In the absence of sufficiently robust data regarding effective strategies for reducing smoking prevalence in disadvantaged populati...

    Authors: Christine L Paul, Heidi Turon, Billie Bonevski, Jamie Bryant and Patrick McElduff
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1144
  5. People’s well-being after loss resulting from an earthquake is a concern in countries prone to natural disasters. Most studies on post-earthquake subjective quality of life (QOL) have focused on the effects of...

    Authors: Marco Valenti, Francesco Masedu, Monica Mazza, Sergio Tiberti, Chiara Di Giovanni, Anna Calvarese, Roberta Pirro and Vittorio Sconci
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1143
  6. The incidence of STI is high and increasing in Bhutan. Poor understanding of risky sexual behavior could be a cause. Comprehensive community surveys have not been previously done. This study was conducted to a...

    Authors: Kunzang Norbu, Sontosh Mukhia and Tshokey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1142
  7. Among the most studied evidence-based programs, the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has been shown to help participants improve their health behaviors, health outcomes, and reduce healthcare ut...

    Authors: SangNam Ahn, Rashmita Basu, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Kate Lorig, Nancy Whitelaw and Marcia G Ory
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1141
  8. Parental alcohol misuse may negatively affect drinking behaviours among offspring, but it is unclear to what extent influences are gender-specific and dependent upon the actual drinking behaviour measured. The...

    Authors: Siri H Haugland, Turid L Holmen, Edle Ravndal and Grete H Bratberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1140
  9. The consumption of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils (PHVOs) high in trans fat is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases. In response to high intake...

    Authors: Shauna M Downs, Vidhu Gupta, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Karen Lock, Anne Marie Thow and Archna Singh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1139
  10. Preventive health check-ups in Austria are offered free of charge to all insured adults (98% of the population) and focus on early detection of chronic diseases, primary prevention, and health counseling. The ...

    Authors: Sophie Brunner-Ziegler, Anita Rieder, Katharina Viktoria Stein, Renate Koppensteiner, Kathryn Hoffmann and Thomas Ernst Dorner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1138
  11. Previous cross-sectional findings from the European Nurses Early Exit Study (NEXT) show that nurses who were dissatisfied with their work schedule tended to consider leaving the nursing profession. Mediating f...

    Authors: Michael Galatsch, Jian Li, Hanne Derycke, Bernd Hans Müller and Hans Martin Hasselhorn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1137
  12. Studies have associated betel nut chewing with cancers, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disorders, chronic kidney disease, and proteinuria. This study investigated whether hyperuricemia is associated with b...

    Authors: Tsai-Sung Tai, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Hsiang-Chu Pai, Wen-Hsin Liu and Yueh-Han Hsu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1136
  13. Coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates have been decreasing in Turkey since the early 1990s. Our study aimed to determine how much of the CHD mortality decrease in Turkey between 1995 and 2008 could be a...

    Authors: Belgin Unal, Kaan Sözmen, Hale Arık, Gül Gerçeklioğlu, Deniz Utku Altun, Hatice Şimşek, Sinem Doganay, Yücel Demiral, Özgür Aslan, Kathleen Bennett, Martin O´Flaherty, Simon Capewell and Julia Critchley
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1135
  14. Type 2 diabetes is highly prevalent in immigrants to Sweden from Iraq, but the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors are not known. In this survey we aimed to compare the prevalence o...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Carl-David Agardh and Ulf Lindblad
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1133
  15. Parental influences are essential to the behaviours and physical activity of their children. Our study aimed to determine if parental beliefs and support are associated with children’s pedometer measured physi...

    Authors: Kerry A Vander Ploeg, Stefan Kuhle, Katerina Maximova, Jonathan McGavock, Biao Wu and Paul J Veugelers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1132
  16. Community-based mobile phone programs can complement gaps in clinical services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in areas with poor infrastructure and personnel shortages. However, ...

    Authors: Larissa Jennings, John Ong’ech, Rogers Simiyu, Martin Sirengo and Seble Kassaye
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1131
  17. Vaccination is the key measure available for prevention of the public health burden of annual influenza epidemics. This article describes national trends in seasonal influenza vaccine (IV) coverage in Portugal...

    Authors: Cátia Sousa Pinto, Baltazar Nunes, Maria João Branco and José Marinho Falcão
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1130
  18. Community-based organizations (CBOs) are critical channels for the delivery of health promotion programs. Much of their influence comes from the relationships they have with community members and other key sta...

    Authors: Shoba Ramanadhan, Samuel R Mendez, Megan Rao and Kasisomayajula Viswanath
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1129
  19. Most people exposed to M. tuberculosis show no evidence of clinical disease. Five to 10% of individuals with latent infection progress to develop overt disease during their life time. Identification of people wit...

    Authors: Amani Osman Shakak, Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil, Ahmed Mudawi Musa, Kawthar Abd Eljalil Mohamed Salih, Abd Elgadir Ali Bashir, Ala Hassan Ahmed, Fath Elrahman Mohamed Idris and Ahmed Mohamed Elhassan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1128
  20. Young people in Laos are more vulnerable to STIs/HIV due to their sexual risk behaviours, low perceptions of risk and their socio-cultural environments. Perceived risk of contracting STIs/HIV is crucial for th...

    Authors: Vanphanom Sychareun, Sarah Thomsen, Kongmany Chaleunvong and Elisabeth Faxelid
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1126
  21. Evidence suggests an increased risk of smoking among single mothers as compared to their cohabitating counterparts. This article examines the role of psychosocial stress in mediating the relationship between s...

    Authors: Stefanie Sperlich, Mercy Nyambura Maina and Dorothee Noeres
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1125
  22. Awareness of various aspects of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is essential for the prevention, management and control of the disease. However, several studies have consistently shown that awareness of DM in the gener...

    Authors: Mafomekong Ayuk Foma, Yauba Saidu, Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke and James Jafali
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1124
  23. Globally, the proportion of youths has been steadily increasing, especially in Asia. This vulnerable population has limited exposure to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information leading to various repro...

    Authors: Phyu Phyu Thin Zaw, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Edward McNeil and Thien Thien Htay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1122
  24. Previous findings suggest that stressful life events have a causal relationship with depressive symptoms. However, to date little is known concerning the contribution of the number and severity of recent stres...

    Authors: Sokratis Sokratous, Anastasios Merkouris, Nicos Middleton and Maria Karanikola
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1121
  25. Female Genital Cutting is a cultural practice among many ethnic groups in Ethiopia that has affected many girls over the past centuries. Although the trend is slowly decreasing in Ethiopia, the magnitude is st...

    Authors: Mulugeta Tamire and Mitike Molla
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1120
  26. Several experimental studies showed consistent evidence for decreased energy expenditure at higher ambient temperatures. Based on this, an association between thermal exposure and body weight may be expected. ...

    Authors: Floor R Scheffers, Marga BM Bekkers, Marjan Kerkhof, Ulrike Gehring, Gerard H Koppelman, Maarten Schipper, Annemien Haveman-Nies and Alet H Wijga
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1119
  27. Recent studies show several health-related behaviors to cluster in adolescents. This has important implications for public health. Interrelated behaviors have been shown to be most effectively targeted by mult...

    Authors: Vincent Busch, Henk F Van Stel, Augustinus JP Schrijvers and Johannes RJ de Leeuw
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1118
  28. Throughout history, people have soothed their fear of disease outbreaks by searching for someone to blame. Such was the case with the April 2009 H1N1 flu outbreak. Mexicans and other Latinos living in the US w...

    Authors: Michael McCauley, Sara Minsky and Kasisomayajula Viswanath
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1116
  29. Women’s ability to safely disclose their HIV-positive status to male partners is essential for uptake and continued use of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. However, little is known ...

    Authors: Melonie M Walcott, Abigail M Hatcher, Zachary Kwena and Janet M Turan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1115
  30. Several studies suggest that a healthy diet with high emphasis on nutritious, low-energy components such as fruits, vegetables, and seafood tends to be more costly for consumers. Derived from the ideas from th...

    Authors: Jørgen Dejgård Jensen and Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1114
  31. The biological risk factors of inactivity and poor cardiorespiratory fitness are well established. However, risk groups are hard to reach and they may have misperceptions of their need for change. This study e...

    Authors: Karoliina S Kaasalainen, Kirsti Kasila, Jari Villberg, Jyrki Komulainen and Marita Poskiparta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1113
  32. There is dearth of knowledge and research about the role of empowerment, partners’ behaviours and intimate partner physical violence (IPPV) among married women in Uganda. This paper examined the influence of w...

    Authors: Betty Kwagala, Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Patricia Ndugga and Allen Kabagenyi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1112
  33. Recent changes in rural road traffic mortality have not been examined in China although rural residents were reported as having greater risk of road traffic injury than urban residents. We aimed to examine cha...

    Authors: Yuanxiu Huang, Danping Tian, Lin Gao, Li Li, Xin Deng, Keita Mamady and Guoqing Hu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1111
  34. A better understanding of how occupational indicators (e.g. job type, doing shift-work, hours worked, physical demand) influence sitting time will aid in the design of more effective health behaviour intervent...

    Authors: Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Camille Short, Matthew Rockloff, Kevin Ronan, Brenda Happell and Lee Di Milia
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1110
  35. Poor to moderate validity of self-reported physical activity instruments is commonly observed in young people in low- and middle-income countries. However, the reasons for such low validity have not been exami...

    Authors: Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Carl Lachat, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Maria Hagströmer, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, Silvana Donoso, John Van Camp, Lea Maes and Patrick Kolsteren
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1109
  36. Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and the highest adult HIV prevalence in the Pacific region. Despite this burden of disease, heterosexual anal intercourse (HAI...

    Authors: Angela Kelly-Hanku, Andrew Vallely, Wing Young Nicola Man, David Wilson, Greg Law and Richard Gray
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1108
  37. Lower extremity (LE) peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is associated with a reduced quality of life and increased mortality from atherosclerotic cardio-/cerebro-vascular occlusion, is a significant public...

    Authors: Nien-Tzu Chang, Chien-Lung Chan, Yu-Tzuen Lu, Jin-Chyr Hsu, Yuan-Nian Hsu, Dachen Chu and Nan-Ping Yang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1107
  38. Pregnancy is a critical period for both woman and baby from a nutritional perspective. Nutritional education is considered an important tool for promoting a healthy lifestyle, but has not been studied as a det...

    Authors: Alina D Popa, Otilia Niţă, Lidia I Graur (Arhire), Raluca M Popescu, Gina E Botnariu, Laura Mihalache and Mariana Graur
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1105
  39. Data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns among adolescents are scarce. This study assessed the association between body image and eating patterns among normal-weight, overweight...

    Authors: Maria del Mar Bibiloni, Jordi Pich, Antoni Pons and Josep A Tur
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1104
  40. Most studies of the association between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and individual lifestyles leading to cardiovascular disease focused on a single cardiovascular risk factor. The concomitant assess...

    Authors: Luís Alves, Susana Silva, Milton Severo, Diogo Costa, Maria Fátima Pina, Henrique Barros and Ana Azevedo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1103
  41. Parenting programs could provide effective routes to increasing children’s physical activity and reducing screen-viewing. Many studies have reported difficulties in recruiting and retaining families in group p...

    Authors: Russell Jago, Simon J Sebire, Georgina F Bentley, Katrina M Turner, Joanna K Goodred, Kenneth R Fox, Sarah Stewart-Brown and Patricia J Lucas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1102
  42. There is growing evidence that men who have sex with men (MSM) are currently a group at high risk of HIV infection in China. Our study aims to know the factors affecting consistent condom use among MSM recruit...

    Authors: Meihua Jin, Zhongrong Yang, Zhengquan Dong and Jiankang Han
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1101
  43. Participation rates of lifestyle programs among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients are less than optimal around the globe. Whereas research shows notable delays in the development of the disease among li...

    Authors: Jorien Veldwijk, Mattijs S Lambooij, Paul F van Gils, Jeroen N Struijs, Henriëtte A Smit and G Ardine de Wit
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1099
  44. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of undernutrition, overweight and associated factors, before and after the implementation of the Interoceanic Highway.

    Authors: Alanderson A Ramalho, Saulo AS Mantovani, Breno M Delfino, Thasciany M Pereira, Antonio C Martins, Humberto Oliart-Guzmán, Athos M Brãna, Fernando LCC Branco, Rhanderson G Campos, Andréia S Guimarães, Thiago S Araújo, Cristieli SM Oliveira, Cláudia T Codeço, Pascoal T Muniz and Mônica da Silva-Nunes
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1098
  45. Successful implementation of malaria treatment policy depends on the prescription practices for patients with malaria. This paper describes prescription patterns and assesses factors associated with co-prescri...

    Authors: Mustafa Njozi, Mbaraka Amuri, Majige Selemani, Irene Masanja, Brown Kigahe, Rashid Khatib, Dan Kajungu, Salim Abdula and Alexander N Dodoo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1097

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