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  1. Urban health is of global concern because the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. Although mental health problems (e.g. depression) in developing countries are highly prevalent, such issue...

    Authors: Oliver Gruebner, M Mobarak H Khan, Sven Lautenbach, Daniel Müller, Alexander Krämer, Tobia Lakes and Patrick Hostert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:177

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Understanding the health status of North Korean refugees (NKRs), and changes in health during the resettlement process, is important from both the humanitarian standpoint and the scientific perspective. The NO...

    Authors: Yo Han Lee, Won Jin Lee, Yun Jeong Kim, Myong Jin Cho, Joo Hyung Kim, Yun Jeong Lee, Hee Young Kim, Dong Seop Choi, Sin Gon Kim and Courtland Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:172

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. In Vietnam, socially marginalized groups such as ethnic minorities in mountainous areas are often difficult to engage in HIV research and prevention programs. This intervention study aimed to estimate the effe...

    Authors: Huy V Nguyen, Giang M Le, Son M Nguyen, Mai N Tran and Nguyet M Ha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:170

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Throughout the world there is an insufficient supply of donor organs to meet the demand for organ transplantations. This paper presents a protocol for a randomised controlled trial, testing whether a simple, t...

    Authors: Ronan E O'Carroll, Eamonn Ferguson, Peter C Hayes and Lee Shepherd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:169

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), including self-regulation, is an important tool to achieve good glycemic control. However, many patients measure their glucose concentrations less often than is recomme...

    Authors: Johanna Hortensius, Marijke C Kars, Willem S Wierenga, Nanne Kleefstra, Henk JG Bilo and Jaap J van der Bijl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:167

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Syndromic surveillance systems are plagued by high false-positive rates. In chronic disease monitoring, investigators have identified several factors that predict the accuracy of case definitions based on diag...

    Authors: Geneviève Cadieux, David L Buckeridge, André Jacques, Michael Libman, Nandini Dendukuri and Robyn Tamblyn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:166

    Content type: Research article

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  7. As with many Indigenous peoples, smoking rates among Aboriginal Australians are considerably higher than those of the non-Indigenous population. Approximately 50% of Indigenous women smoke during pregnancy, a ...

    Authors: Megan E Passey, Catherine A D'Este and Robert W Sanson-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:165

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The all-hazards willingness to respond (WTR) of local public health personnel is critical to emergency preparedness. This study applied a threat-and efficacy-centered framework to characterize these workers' s...

    Authors: Daniel J Barnett, Carol B Thompson, Nicole A Errett, Natalie L Semon, Marilyn K Anderson, Justin L Ferrell, Jennifer M Freiheit, Robert Hudson, Michelle M Koch, Mary McKee, Alvaro Mejia-Echeverry, James Spitzer, Ran D Balicer and Jonathan M Links

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:164

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Understanding the reasons for the social gradient in sickness absence might provide an opportunity to reduce the general rates of sickness absence. The complete explanation for this social gradient still remai...

    Authors: Jesper Löve, Kristina Holmgren, Kjell Torén and Gunnel Hensing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:163

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Areca nut chewing has been reported to be associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and cardiovascular mortality in previous studies. The aim of this study was to examine whether chewing areca...

    Authors: Wei-Chung Tsai, Ming-Tsang Wu, Guei-Jane Wang, Kun-Tai Lee, Chien-Hung Lee, Ye-Hsu Lu, Hsueh-Wei Yen, Chih-Sheng Chu, Yi-Ting Chen, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Ho-Ming Su, Po-Chao Hsu, Kai-Hung Cheng, Tsai-Hui Duh, Ying-Chin Ko, Sheng-Hsiung Sheu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:162

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Community assessment is a core function of public health. In such assessments, a commitment to community participation and empowerment is at the heart of the WHO European Healthy Cities Network, reflecting its...

    Authors: Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Shahram Habibzadeh, Moharram Yousefi, Firouz Amani and Reza Abdi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:161

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Most smokers do not receive comprehensive, evidence-based treatment for tobacco use that includes intensive behavioral counseling along with pharmacotherapy. Further, the use of proven, tobacco treatments is l...

    Authors: Steven S Fu, Michelle van Ryn, Scott E Sherman, Diana J Burgess, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Barbara Clothier and Anne M Joseph

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. The important increase in immigration during recent years has changed the epidemiology and control strategies for tuberculosis (TB) in many places. This study evaluates the effectiveness of intervention with c...

    Authors: Jesús Edison Ospina, Àngels Orcau, Juan-Pablo Millet, Francesca Sánchez, Martí Casals and Joan A Caylà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:158

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Increasing prevalences of overweight and obesity in children are known problems in industrialized countries. Early prevention is important as overweight and obesity persist over time and are related with healt...

    Authors: Jens Dreyhaupt, Benjamin Koch, Tamara Wirt, Anja Schreiber, Susanne Brandstetter, Dorothea Kesztyüs, Olivia Wartha, Susanne Kobel, Sarah Kettner, Dmytro Prokopchuk, Verena Hundsdörfer, Melina Klepsch, Martina Wiedom, Sabrina Sufeida, Nanette Fischbach, Rainer Muche…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:157

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Work disability is a major problem for both the worker and society. To explore the work opportunities in regular jobs of persons low in functional abilities, we tried to identify occupations low in task demand...

    Authors: Jake PJ Broersen, Henny PG Mulders, Antonius JM Schellart and Allard J van der Beek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:156

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In the dissemination and implementation literature, there is a dearth of information on the sustainability of community-wide physical activity (PA) programs in general and of the '10,000 Steps' project in part...

    Authors: Ragnar Van Acker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Katrien De Cocker, Lisa M Klesges, Annick Willem and Greet Cardon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:155

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The dose and time-pattern of sitting has been suggested in public health research to be an important determinant of risk for developing a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disorders and diabetes. Th...

    Authors: Allan Toomingas, Mikael Forsman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Marina Heiden and Tohr Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:154

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Information on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with genital warts (GW) in populations in mainland China is still limited. The aim of the study was to use a generic instrument to measure ...

    Authors: Ju-Fang Shi, Dian-Ju Kang, Shu-Zhen Qi, Hai-Yan Wu, Yan-Chun Liu, Li-Jun Sun, Li Li, Ying Yang, Qing Li, Xiang-Xian Feng, Li-Qin Zhang, Jie Li, Xiao-Li Li, Yun Yang, Mayinuer Niyazi, Ai-Di Xu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:153

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Overweight and obesity in children in Mexico was among the countries with the highest prevalence's in the world. Mexico currently has few innovative and comprehensive experiences to help curb the growth of thi...

    Authors: Teresa Shamah Levy, Carmen Morales Ruán, Claudia Amaya Castellanos, Araceli Salazar Coronel, Alejandra Jiménez Aguilar and Ignacio Méndez Gómez Humarán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:152

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Hearing impairment at the workplace, and the resulting psychosocial problems are a major health problem with substantial costs for employees, companies, and society. Therefore, it is important to develop inter...

    Authors: Arjenne HM Gussenhoven, Johannes R Anema, S Theo Goverts, Judith E Bosmans, Joost M Festen and Sophia E Kramer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:151

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. The difference in diabetes susceptibility by ethnic background is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adiposity and diabetes in four ethnic minority groups compared w...

    Authors: Anne Karen Jenum, Lien My Diep, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Ingar Morten K Holme, Bernadette Nirmar Kumar and Kåre Inge Birkeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:150

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Very few studies have evaluated the association between occupational factors and low back pain (LBP) among miners. The epidemiological data on LBP in Chinese miners are limited. The aim of this study was to me...

    Authors: Guangxing Xu, Dong Pang, Fengying Liu, Desheng Pei, Sheng Wang and Liping Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:149

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study explored the association of unemployment and an increased risk of receiving disability pension, and the possibility that this risk is attributed to municipality-specific characteristics.

    Authors: Morten Støver, Kristine Pape, Roar Johnsen, Nils Fleten, Erik R Sund, Bjørgulf Claussen and Johan H Bjørngaard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:148

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Alcohol makes an important contribution to premature mortality in many countries in Eastern Europe, including Estonia. However, the full extent of its impact, and the mechanisms underlying it, are challenging ...

    Authors: Inge Ringmets, Jana Tuusov, Katrin Lang, Marika Väli, Kersti Pärna, Mailis Tõnisson, Anders Helander, Martin McKee and David A Leon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:146

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A significant proportion of road traffic crashes are attributable to alcohol and marijuana use while driving globally. Sale and use of both substances is illegal in Pakistan and is not considered a threat for ...

    Authors: Mohammed Umer Mir, Imran Khan, Bilal Ahmed and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:145

    Content type: Research article

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  26. High levels of airborne particles from secondhand smoke have been reported in California Indian casinos. Yet, little is known regarding the smoking status of casino patrons, their avoidance of secondhand smoke...

    Authors: David S Timberlake, Jun Wu and Wael K Al-Delaimy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:144

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The prevalence of obesity is rising in Scotland and globally. Overall, obesity is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and reduced health-related quality of life. Studies suggest that "healthy obesit...

    Authors: Zia Ul-Haq, Daniel F Mackay, Elisabeth Fenwick and Jill P Pell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:143

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Socio-ecological models emphasize the relationship between the physical environment and physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about this relationship in older adults is limited. Therefore, the present stu...

    Authors: Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Peter Clarys, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Veerle Van Holle, Dominique Verté, Nico De Witte, Liesbeth De Donder, Tine Buffel, Sarah Dury and Benedicte Deforche

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:142

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In 2003, 11 public health epidemiologists were placed in North Carolina's largest hospitals to enhance communication between public health agencies and healthcare systems for improved emergency preparedness. W...

    Authors: Milissa Markiewicz, Christine A Bevc, Jennifer Hegle, Jennifer A Horney, Megan Davies and Pia DM MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:141

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In Vietnam, efforts are underway to improve latrine use in rural and remote areas with particular focus on increasing coverage of sanitation in schools. However, there is a lack of information on how the schoo...

    Authors: Le thi Thanh Xuan, Luu Ngoc Hoat, Thilde Rheinländer, Anders Dalsgaard and Flemming Konradsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:140

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Commercial food marketing has considerably shaped consumer food choice behaviour. Meanwhile, public health campaigns for healthier eating have had limited impact to date. Social marketing suggests that success...

    Authors: Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, Federico JA Perez-Cueto, Barbara Niedzwiedzka, Wim Verbeke and Tino Bech-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:139

    Content type: Correspondence

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  32. This study used a social capital framework to examine the relationship between a set of potential protective ('health assets') factors and the wellbeing of 15 year adolescents living in Spain and England. The ...

    Authors: Antony R Morgan, Francisco Rivera, Carmen Moreno and Bo JA Haglund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:138

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Core competencies for public health in Canada require proficiency in evidence informed decision making (EIDM). However, decision makers often lack access to information, many workers lack knowledge and skills ...

    Authors: Leslea Peirson, Donna Ciliska, Maureen Dobbins and David Mowat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:137

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Researchers are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing sexual and drug-related HIV risk within the context of intimate relationships rather than solely focusing on individual behaviors. Practica...

    Authors: Jennifer L Syvertsen, Angela M Robertson, Daniela Abramovitz, M Gudelia Rangel, Gustavo Martinez, Thomas L Patterson, Monica D Ulibarri, Alicia Vera, Nabila El-Bassel and Steffanie A Strathdee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Self-rated health (SRH) has been reported as a predictor of mortality in previous studies. This study aimed to examine whether SRH is independently associated with hypertension and if there is a gender differe...

    Authors: Hee-Young Shin, Min-Ho Shin and Jung-Ae Rhee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:135

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Male Circumcision (MC) has been recommended as one of the preventive measures against sexual HIV transmission by the World Health Organization (WHO). Rwanda has adopted MC as recommended but the country is a n...

    Authors: Rwego A Gasasira, Malabika Sarker, Landry Tsague, Sabin Nsanzimana, Aimée Gwiza, Jennifer Mbabazi, Corine Karema, Anita Asiimwe and Placidie Mugwaneza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:134

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The 2003 heat wave had a high impact on mortality in Europe, which made necessary to develop heat health watch warning systems. In Spain this was carried-out by the Ministry of Health in 2004, being based on e...

    Authors: Aurelio Tobias, Ben Armstrong, Ines Zuza, Antonio Gasparrini, Cristina Linares and Julio Diaz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:133

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Early and accurate diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is critical for successful TB control. To assist in the diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary TB, the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends the ...

    Authors: Riris Andono Ahmad, Francine Matthys, Bintari Dwihardiani, Ning Rintiswati, Sake J de Vlas, Yodi Mahendradhata and Patrick van der Stuyft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:132

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Inadequate health literacy has been associated with poor management of long-term health conditions and has been identified as a key social determinant of health outcomes. However, little is understood about ho...

    Authors: Michelle Edwards, Fiona Wood, Myfanwy Davies and Adrian Edwards

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:130

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Our aims were to determine the pace of change in cardiovascular risk factors by age, gender and socioeconomic groups from 1994 to 2008, and quantify the magnitude, direction and change in absolute and relative...

    Authors: Shaun Scholes, Madhavi Bajekal, Hande Love, Nathaniel Hawkins, Rosalind Raine, Martin O'Flaherty and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:129

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Under the Dutch national immunization program (NIP), childhood vaccination is not mandatory, but its recommendation by childhood vaccine providers (CVP) is important for maintaining high vaccination coverage. ...

    Authors: Liesbeth Mollema, Jojet M Staal, Jim E van Steenbergen, Theo GWM Paulussen and Hester E de Melker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:128

    Content type: Research article

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  42. For alcohol drinkers in South Africa it has been found that annual consumption per drinker is among the highest in the world. High prevalence rates of hazardous and harmful alcohol use have also been found in ...

    Authors: Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Linda Skaal, Hendry van der Heever and Guido Van Hal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:127

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency in children is widespread. But the vitamin D status of Chinese children is seldom investigated. The objective of the present study was to survey the seru...

    Authors: Zhiwei Zhu, Jianying Zhan, Jie Shao, Weijun Chen, Liqin Chen, Wenhao Li, Chai Ji and Zhengyan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:126

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Zimbabwe is a Southern African country with a high HIV-TB burden and is ranked 19th among the 22 Tuberculosis high burden countries worldwide. Recurrent TB is an important problem for TB control, yet there is lim...

    Authors: Kudakwashe C Takarinda, Anthony D Harries, Satyanarayana Srinath, Tsitsi Mutasa-Apollo, Charles Sandy and Owen Mugurungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. To evaluate pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in workers engaged in the early manufacturing processes of tea and to identify the associated factors, we conducted a study in a tea production area in T...

    Authors: Tzong-Shiun Shieh, Jui-Jung Chung, Chung-Jing Wang, Perng-Jy Tsai, Yau-Chang Kuo and How-Ran Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:121

    Content type: Research article

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