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  1. The benefits of breakfast during childhood and adolescence have been reported previously though few studies have considered family structure inequalities in breakfast consumption. The proportion of young peopl...

    Authors: Kate A Levin, Joanna Kirby and Candace Currie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:228

    Content type: Research article

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  2. AIDS continues to spread at an estimated 2.6 new million infections per year, making the prevention of HIV transmission a critical public health issue. The dramatic growth in global resources for AIDS has prod...

    Authors: Peter Amico, Benjamin Gobet, Carlos Avila-Figueroa, Christian Aran and Paul De Lay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:221

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Diarrhea is recognized as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries yet updated estimates of diarrhea incidence by age for these countri...

    Authors: Christa L Fischer Walker, Jamie Perin, Martin J Aryee, Cynthia Boschi-Pinto and Robert E Black

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:220

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although occupational stress is an identified predictor of depressive symptoms, the mechanism behind the association is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine how psychological capital (...

    Authors: Li Liu, Ying Chang, Jialiang Fu, Jiana Wang and Lie Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:219

    Content type: Research article

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  5. During the post-communist transition period, political, economic, and social changes affected the lifestyles of the Lithuanian population, including their nutritional habits. However, people of lower socio-eco...

    Authors: Vilma Kriaucioniene, Jurate Klumbiene, Janina Petkeviciene and Edita Sakyte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:218

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Young people in disadvantaged neighbourhoods are often the focus of concerns about anti-social behaviour (ASB). There is inconsistent evidence to support the hypothesis that perceptions of ASB (PASB) are assoc...

    Authors: Matt Egan, Lyndal Bond, Ade Kearns and Carol Tannahill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:217

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sexual offences are a global public health concern. Recent changes in the law in England and Wales have dramatically altered the legal landscape of sexual offences, but sexual assaults where the victim is volu...

    Authors: Clare Gunby, Anna Carline, Mark A Bellis and Caryl Beynon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:216

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Research regarding socio-economic differences in alcohol and drug use in adolescence yields mixed results. This study hypothesizes that (1) when using education type as a proxy of one's social status, clear di...

    Authors: Hans Berten, Dries Cardoen, Ruben Brondeel and Nicole Vettenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:215

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The development and use of performance indicators (PI) in the field of public mental health care (PMHC) has increased rapidly in the last decade. To gain insight in the current state of PI for PMHC in nations ...

    Authors: Steve Lauriks, Marcel CA Buster, Matty AS de Wit, Onyebuchi A Arah and Niek S Klazinga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:214

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Alcohol use is an important risk factor for morbidity, mortality and social harm among adolescents. There is paucity of data on alcohol use among high school students in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine...

    Authors: Ayalu A Reda, Asmamaw Moges, Berhanu Y Wondmagegn and Sibhatu Biadgilign

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:213

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Research has indicated that depression prevention programs attenuate the development of symptoms of depression in adolescents. To implement these programs on a large scale, implementation in a school setting w...

    Authors: Karlijn CM Kindt, Rinka van Zundert and Rutger CME Engels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:212

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Cardiovascular inflammation is a key contributor to the development of atherosclerosis and the prediction of cardiovascular events among healthy women. An emerging literature suggests biomarkers of inflammatio...

    Authors: Cheryl R Clark, Paul M Ridker, Mark J Ommerborn, Carrie E Huisingh, Brent Coull, Julie E Buring and Lisa F Berkman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:211

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sub-Saharan Africa faces a rapid spread of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) but its potentially specific characteristics are inadequately defined. In this hospital-based study in Kumasi, Ghana, we aimed at chara...

    Authors: Ina Danquah, George Bedu-Addo, Karl-Johann Terpe, Frank Micah, Yaw A Amoako, Yaw A Awuku, Ekkehart Dietz, Markus van der Giet, Joachim Spranger and Frank P Mockenhaupt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:210

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The promotion of health and the interventions in community health continue to be one of the pending subjects of our health system. The most prevalent health problems (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes....

    Authors: Maria-Antonia Campo Osaba, José-Luis Del Val, Carolina Lapena, Vicencia Laguna, Araceli García, Olga Lozano, Ziortza Martín, Rómulo Rodriguez, Enriqueta Borrás, Francesc Orfila and María Teresa Tierno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:209

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Objectively measured physical activity is low in British children, and declines as childhood progresses. Observational studies suggest that dog-walking might be a useful approach to physical activity promotion...

    Authors: Philippa S Yam, Ryan Morrison, Viki Penpraze, Carri Westgarth, Dianne S Ward, Nanette Mutrie, Pippa Hutchison, David Young and John J Reilly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:208

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Tobacco consumption peak in developed countries has passed, however, it is on the increase in many developing countries. Apart from cigarettes, consumption of local hand-rolled cigarettes such as bidi and rokok d...

    Authors: Wan Maria Nabillah Ghani, Ishak Abdul Razak, Yi Hsin Yang, Norain Abu Talib, Noriaki Ikeda, Tony Axell, Prakash C Gupta, Yujiro Handa, Norlida Abdullah and Rosnah Binti Zain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:207

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pedometers provide a simple, cost effective means of motivating individuals to increase walking yet few studies have considered if short term changes in walking behaviour can be maintained in the long-term. Th...

    Authors: Claire F Fitzsimons, Graham Baker, Stuart R Gray, Myra A Nimmo and Nanette Mutrie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:206

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This research was a part of a contestable rapid response initiative launched by the Health Research Council of New Zealand and the Ministry of Health in response to the 2009 influenza A pandemic. The aim was t...

    Authors: Lesley Gray, Carol MacDonald, Brenda Mackie, Douglas Paton, David Johnston and Michael G Baker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:205

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Asthma is a major cause of disability, health resource utilization and poor quality of life world-wide. We set out to generate estimates of the global burden of asthma in adults, which may inform the developme...

    Authors: Teresa To, Sanja Stanojevic, Ginette Moores, Andrea S Gershon, Eric D Bateman, Alvaro A Cruz and Louis-Philippe Boulet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:204

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Little is known as to how health-related quality of life (HRQoL) when measured by generic instruments such as EQ-5D differ across smokers, ex-smokers and never-smokers in the general population; whether the ov...

    Authors: Matthias Vogl, Christina M Wenig, Reiner Leidl and Subhash Pokhrel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:203

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Unexplained Chronic Fatigue is a medical condition characterized by the presence of persistent, severe and debilitating medically unexplained fatigue, leading to impaired functioning and lower quality of life....

    Authors: Marta Marques, Véronique De Gucht, Stan Maes and Isabel Leal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:202

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Studies on the prevalence of multimorbidity, defined as having two or more chronic conditions, have predominantly focused on the elderly. We estimated the prevalence and specific patterns of multimorbidity acr...

    Authors: Calypse B Agborsangaya, Darren Lau, Markus Lahtinen, Tim Cooke and Jeffrey A Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:201

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits, smoking and high alcohol consumption are recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease and cancer. Web-based health risk assessments with tailored feedback s...

    Authors: Eva K Laan, Roderik A Kraaijenhagen, Niels Peek, Wim B Busschers, Marije Deutekom, Patrick M Bossuyt, Karien Stronks and Marie-Louise Essink-Bot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:200

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Compared to those in higher socioeconomic groups, diabetic patients in lower socioeconomic groups have less favourable metabolic control and experience more diabetes-related complications. They encounter speci...

    Authors: Charlotte Vissenberg, Vera Nierkens, Paul JM Uitewaal, Diana Geraci, Barend JC Middelkoop, Giel Nijpels and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:199

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. In all countries people of lower socioeconomic status evaluate their health more poorly. Yet in reporting overall health, individuals consider multiple domains that comprise their perceived health state. Consi...

    Authors: Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Jennifer Anne Stewart Williams, Lynn Itani and Somnath Chatterji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:198

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The prevention of unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women is a neglected strategy in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Women who want to avoid unintended pregnancies can do this by using a modern contracepti...

    Authors: Sarah Credé, Theresa Hoke, Deborah Constant, Mackenzie S Green, Jennifer Moodley and Jane Harries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:197

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although several studies have reported that symptoms of nicotine dependence can occur after limited exposure to smoking, the majority of research on nicotine dependence has focused on adult smokers. Insufficie...

    Authors: Marloes Kleinjan, Frank Vitaro, Brigitte Wanner, Johannes Brug, Regina JJM Van den Eijnden and Rutger CME Engels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:196

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Substance use is among the key public health threats that find its genesis during adolescence. Timing of puberty has been lately researched as a potential predictor of subsequent substance abuse. The present s...

    Authors: Ban Al-Sahab, Chris I Ardern, Mazen J Hamadeh and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:195

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Supermarkets play a major role in influencing the food purchasing behaviours of most households. Snack food exposures within these stores may contribute to higher levels of consumption and ultimately to increa...

    Authors: Lukar E Thornton, Adrian J Cameron, Sarah A McNaughton, Anthony Worsley and David A Crawford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Research in the past decade has revealed average to poor menstrual health among many Iranian girls. The present study investigated the effectiveness of a health promotion project on improving menstrual health ...

    Authors: Moloud Fakhri, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Nayereh Azam Hajikhani Golchin and Abdulhay Komili

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:193

    Content type: Research article

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  31. An increased interest is observed in broadening community pharmacists' role in public health. To date, little information has been gathered in Canada on community pharmacists' perceptions of their role in heal...

    Authors: Marie-Claude Laliberté, Sylvie Perreault, Nicole Damestoy and Lyne Lalonde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:192

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The aim of the Boost study was to produce a persistent increase in fruit and vegetable consumption among 13-year-olds. This paper describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a school-and commun...

    Authors: Rikke Krølner, Thea Suldrup Jørgensen, Anne Kristine Aarestrup, Anne Hjøllund Christiansen, Anne Maj Christensen and Pernille Due

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:191

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Diseases of the circulatory system (CVD) are the most common causes of death in developed countries. However, the prevalence of CVD varies between countries; for example, the mortality rate in Russia is about ...

    Authors: Ema Kuhrs, Volker Winkler and Heiko Becher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:190

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Regular HIV testing among people who inject drugs is an essential component of HIV prevention and treatment efforts. We explored HIV testing behaviour among a community-recruited sample of injection drug users...

    Authors: Lianping Ti, Kanna Hayashi, Karyn Kaplan, Paisan Suwannawong, Eric Fu, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:189

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Social capital refers to the resources linked to having a strong social network. This concept plays into health outcomes among People Living with HIV/AIDS because, globally, this is a highly marginalized popul...

    Authors: Allison Webel, J Craig Phillips, Carol Dawson Rose, William L Holzemer, Wei-Ti Chen, Lynda Tyer-Viola, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Patrice Nicholas, Kathleen Nokes, Jeanne Kemppainen, Elizabeth Sefcik, John Brion, Lucille Eller, Scholastika Iipinge, Kenn Kirksey, Dean Wantland…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:188

    Content type: Research article

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  36. People with mental illness are more likely to suffer physical health problems than comparable populations who do not have mental illness. There is evidence to suggest that exercise, as well has having obvious ...

    Authors: Tim Carter, Patrick Callaghan, Elizabeth Khalil and Ioannis Morres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:187

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Excessive alcohol consumption amongst university students has received increasing attention. A social norms approach to reducing drinking behaviours has met with some success in the USA. Such an approach is ba...

    Authors: Simon Murphy, Graham Moore, Annie Williams and Laurence Moore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:186

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, particularly among minorities, and if improperly managed can lead to medical complications and death. Healthcare providers play vital roles in co...

    Authors: Joan A Vaccaro, Daniel J Feaster, Sandra L Lobar, Marianna K Baum, Marcia Magnus and Fatma G Huffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:185

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Early diagnosis of HIV in infants provides a critical opportunity to strengthen follow-up of HIV-exposed children and assure early access to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment for infected children. This study des...

    Authors: Chukwuemeka Anoje, Bolatito Aiyenigba, Chiho Suzuki, Titilope Badru, Kesiena Akpoigbe, Michael Odo, Solomon Odafe, Oluwasanmi Adedokun, Kwasi Torpey and Otto N Chabikuli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:184

    Content type: Research article

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  40. No data on annual smoking cessation probability (i.e., the probability of successfully quit in a given year) are available for Italy at a population level. Mathematical models typically used to estimate smokin...

    Authors: Giulia Carreras, Silvano Gallus, Laura Iannucci and Giuseppe Gorini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:183

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Public policy and clinical treatment in tobacco addiction in the UK has focused on cessation: an abrupt attempt to stop all cigarettes. However, recent evidence suggests that allowing more gradual withdrawal f...

    Authors: Taina Taskila, Susan MacAskill, Tim Coleman, Jean-Francois Etter, Mahendra Patel, Sarah Clarke, Rachel Bridson and Paul Aveyard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:182

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Injury is a growing public health concern in China. Injury death rates are often higher in rural areas than in urban areas in general. The objective of this study is to compare the injury mortality rates in ur...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Lan Zhang, Junlin Li, Dan Zuo, Deguang Kong, Xingfu Shen, Yi Guo and Qingjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:180

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death globally and are associated with a limited set of common, modifiable health behaviours: tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful use of alcohol...

    Authors: Sanjoti Parekh, Corneel Vandelanotte, David King and Frances M Boyle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:179

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Strengthening interorganizational relationships in the community has become an increasingly valued strategy for improving public health in recent years. However, no intervention strategy to foster an interorga...

    Authors: Hiroshi Murayama, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Satoko Nagata and Sachiyo Murashima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:178

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Effectiveness of Chlamydia screening programs is determined by an adequate level of participation and the capturing of high-risk groups. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of automated reminders by ...

    Authors: Nynke FB Dokkum, Rik H Koekenbier, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Jan EAM van Bergen, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Johannes SA Fennema, Hannelore M Götz, Christian JPA Hoebe, Lydia L Pars, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Eline LM Op de Coul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:176

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Unsafe abortion in India leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Abortion has been legal in India since 1971, and the availability of safe abortion services has increased. However, service availability h...

    Authors: Sushanta K Banerjee, Kathryn L Andersen, Rebecca M Buchanan and Janardan Warvadekar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The cause of coronary disease inframortality in Spain is unknown. The aim of this study is to identify Spanish towns with very low ischemic heart disease mortality, describe their health and social characteris...

    Authors: María José Medrano, Raquel Boix, Alba Palmera, Rebeca Ramis, Iñaki Galán and Gonzalo López-Abente

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:174

    Content type: Research article

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  48. South Africa has an estimated 1.5 million persons in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART). In 2004, the South African government began collaborating with the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS R...

    Authors: Elysia Larson, Heidi O'Bra, JW Brown, Thobile Mbengashe and Jeffrey D Klausner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:173

    Content type: Research article

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