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  1. The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a complex of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This syndrome increases the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. It has been demonstrated that ...

    Authors: Fernanda de Carvalho Vidigal, Josefina Bressan, Nancy Babio and Jordi Salas-Salvadó
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1198
  2. Physical activity patterns have been shown to change significantly across the transition to retirement. As most older adults approach retirement as part of a couple, a better understanding of how spousal pairs...

    Authors: Inka Barnett, Cornelia Guell and David Ogilvie
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1197
  3. There is a rapidly growing public awareness of mental health problems among Vietnamese secondary school students. This study aims to determine the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation, to i...

    Authors: Dat Tan Nguyen, Christine Dedding, Tam Thi Pham, Pamela Wright and Joske Bunders
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1195
  4. Self-reported body weight is often used for calculation of Body Mass Index because it is easy to collect. Little is known about sources of error introduced by using bathroom scales to measure weight at home. T...

    Authors: Meredith Yorkin, Kim Spaccarotella, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick and Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1194
  5. The incidences of childhood overweight and obesity have increased substantially and with them the prevalence of associated somatic and psychiatric health problems. Therefore, it is important to identify modifi...

    Authors: Matthias Grube, Sarah Bergmann, Anja Keitel, Katharina Herfurth-Majstorovic, Verena Wendt, Kai von Klitzing and Annette M Klein
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1193
  6. The physical and social environments at schools are related to students’ moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels. The purpose of this study was to explore the interactive effects of the school phy...

    Authors: Brenton Button, Stephen Trites and Ian Janssen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1191
  7. Numerous worksite health promotion program (WHPPs) have been implemented the past years to improve employees’ health and lifestyle (i.e., physical activity, nutrition, smoking, alcohol use and relaxation). Res...

    Authors: Debbie Wierenga, Luuk H Engbers, Pepijn Van Empelen, Saskia Duijts, Vincent H Hildebrandt and Willem Van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1190
  8. To date, only a small amount of research on bonding/bridging social capital has separately examined their effects on health though they have been thought to have differential effects on health outcomes. By usi...

    Authors: Yoko Kishimoto, Etsuji Suzuki, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroyuki Doi and Soshi Takao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1189
  9. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) involves assessing how proposals may alter the determinants of health prior to implementation and recommends changes to enhance positive and mitigate negative impacts. HIAs growi...

    Authors: Fiona Haigh, Fran Baum, Andrew L Dannenberg, Mark F Harris, Ben Harris-Roxas, Helen Keleher, Lynn Kemp, Richard Morgan, Harrison NG Chok, Jeff Spickett and Elizabeth Harris
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1188
  10. Early childhood is recognised as a key developmental phase with implications for social, academic, health and wellbeing outcomes in later childhood and indeed throughout the adult lifespan. Community level dat...

    Authors: Lisa Marks Woolfson, Rosemary Geddes, Stephanie McNicol, Josephine N Booth and John Frank
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1187
  11. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is a common framework for studies of smoking cessation. Using the TTM, several instruments were developed to measure to what extent interventions could make changes in people’s...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sarbandi, Shamsaddin Niknami, Alireza Hidarnia, Ebrahim Hajizadeh and Ali Montazeri
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1186
  12. Management of Type 1 diabetes comes with substantial personal and psychological demands particularly during adolescence, placing young people at significant risk for mental health problems. Supportive parentin...

    Authors: Naomi J Hackworth, Jan Matthews, Kylie Burke, Zvezdana Petrovic, Britt Klein, Elisabeth A Northam, Michael Kyrios, Lisa Chiechomski and Fergus J Cameron
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1185
  13. Health promotion interventions are often complex and not easily transferable from one setting to another. The objective of this article is to present the development of a tool to analyze the transferability of...

    Authors: Linda Cambon, Laetitia Minary, Valery Ridde and François Alla
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1184
  14. In high income countries, vaccine-preventable diseases have been greatly reduced through routine vaccination programs. Despite this success, many parents question, and a small proportion even refuse vaccinatio...

    Authors: Irene A Harmsen, Liesbeth Mollema, Robert AC Ruiter, Theo GW Paulussen, Hester E de Melker and Gerjo Kok
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1183
  15. Childhood obesity is a recognised public health problem and around 25% of Australian children are overweight or obese. A major contributor is the obesogenic environment which encourages over consumption of ene...

    Authors: Tracy A Comans, Jennifer A Whitty, Andrew P Hills, Elizabeth Kendall, Erika Turkstra, Louisa G Gordon, Josh M Byrnes and Paul A Scuffham
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1182
  16. Zimbabwe is one of the five countries worst affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with HIV infection contributing increasingly to childhood morbidity and mortality. Among the children born to HIV positive mothers ...

    Authors: Stella Ngwende, Notion T Gombe, Stanley Midzi, Mufuta Tshimanga, Gerald Shambira and Addmore Chadambuka
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1181
  17. Several studies regarding the effect of retirement on physical as well as mental health have been performed, but the results thereof remain inconclusive. The aim of this review is to systematically summarise t...

    Authors: Iris van der Heide, Rogier M van Rijn, Suzan JW Robroek, Alex Burdorf and Karin I Proper
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1180
  18. Smoking during pregnancy is known to negatively affect pregnancy outcomes and it has been associated with numerous complications during pregnancy. Smoking is more common in younger pregnant women, but previous...

    Authors: Reeta Lamminpää, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Mika Gissler and Seppo Heinonen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1179
  19. Podoconiosis, or non-filarial elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) characterised by swelling of the lower legs. When left untreated, this disfiguring condition has a significant social impact. ...

    Authors: Kebede Deribe, Sara Tomczyk, Elizabeth Mousley, Abreham Tamiru and Gail Davey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1178
  20. Maaori are the Indigenous people of New Zealand and do not enjoy the same oral health status as the non-Indigenous majority. To overcome oral health disparities, the life course approach affords a valid founda...

    Authors: John R Broughton, Joyce Te H Maipi, Marie Person, W Murray Thomson, Kate C Morgaine, Sarah-Jane Tiakiwai, Jonathan Kilgour, Kay Berryman, Herenia P Lawrence and Lisa M Jamieson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1177
  21. Smokers attend preferentially to cigarettes and other smoking-related cues in the environment, in what is known as an attentional bias. There is evidence that attentional bias may contribute to craving and fai...

    Authors: Rachna Begh, Marcus R Munafò, Saul Shiffman, Stuart G Ferguson, Linda Nichols, Mohammed A Mohammed, Roger L Holder, Stephen Sutton and Paul Aveyard
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1176
  22. Overweight and obesity prevalence is the highest at age 65–75 years in Lausanne (compared with younger classes). We aimed to describe 1) eating habits, daily physical activity (PA), and sports frequency in com...

    Authors: Nadia Danon-Hersch and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1175
  23. Screen-based media (SBM) occupy a considerable portion of young peoples’ discretionary leisure time. The aim of this paper was to investigate whether distinct clusters of SBM use exist, and if so, to examine t...

    Authors: Leon Straker, Anne Smith, Beth Hands, Tim Olds and Rebecca Abbott
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1174
  24. People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have lower levels of physical activity and quality of life and they have a lot of barriers to face when taking part in physical activity. Other problems are the poor ...

    Authors: David Pérez-Cruzado and Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1173
  25. Globally, diarrhea remains a leading killer of young children. In Sierra Leone, one in seven children die before their fifth birthday and diarrhea is a leading cause. Studies that emphasize the demand-side of ...

    Authors: Shannon A McMahon, Asha S George, Fatu Yumkella and Theresa Diaz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1172
  26. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) has emerged as a major challenge toward TB control and prevention. In Lianyungang city, the extent and trend of drug resistant TB is not well known. The objective of the survey...

    Authors: Qiao Liu, Limei Zhu, Yan Shao, Honghuan Song, Guoli Li, Yang Zhou, Jinyan Shi, Chongqiao Zhong, Cheng Chen and Wei Lu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1171
  27. Social inequalities in health are widely examined. But the reasons behind this phenomenon still remain unclear in parts. It is undisputed that the work environment plays a crucial role in this regard. However,...

    Authors: Oliver Hämmig and Georg F Bauer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1170
  28. The 2009 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) changed mammography guidelines to recommend routine biennial screening starting at age 50. This study describes women’s awareness of, attitudes toward, and...

    Authors: Jennifer D Allen, Shirley Morrison Bluethmann, Margaret Sheets, Kelly Morrison Opdyke, Kathryn Gates-Ferris, Marc Hurlbert and Elizabeth Harden
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1169
  29. The use of ecstasy is a public health problem and is associated with a range of social costs and harms. In recent years, there has been growing concern about the availability and misuse of new and emerging dru...

    Authors: Katrina E Champion, Maree Teesson and Nicola C Newton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1168
  30. Micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs) are a chronic lack of vitamins and minerals and constitute a huge public health problem. MNDs have severe health consequences and are particularly harmful during early childho...

    Authors: Simon Wieser, Rafael Plessow, Klaus Eichler, Olivia Malek, Mario V Capanzana, Imelda Agdeppa and Urs Bruegger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1167
  31. Walking to school is associated with higher levels of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between school travel mode and physical activity using a sampling frame that p...

    Authors: Guy Faulkner, Michelle Stone, Ron Buliung, Bonny Wong and Raktim Mitra
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1166
  32. Seafaring is a risky occupation when compared to land-based industries as incidence rates of mortality and morbidity are higher. This trend is partly due to a higher number of accidents but also higher inciden...

    Authors: Lulu Hjarnoe and Anja Leppin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1165
  33. In the Netherlands, suspected cases of child maltreatment can be reported to an advice and reporting center on child abuse and neglect (Advies- en Meldpunt Kindermishandeling or AMK). AMKs investigate these re...

    Authors: Froukje Snoeren, Cees Hoefnagels, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Paul Baeten and Silvia MAA Evers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1164
  34. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome (DSPS) in adolescence, and to examine the association to insomnia and school non-attendance.

    Authors: Børge Sivertsen, Ståle Pallesen, Kjell Morten Stormark, Tormod Bøe, Astri J Lundervold and Mari Hysing
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1163
  35. For a comprehensive health sector response to intimate partner violence (IPV), interventions should target individual and health facility levels, along with the broader health systems level which includes issu...

    Authors: Isabel Goicolea, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Ann Öhman, Kerstin Edin, Fauhn Minvielle and Carmen Vives-Cases
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1162
  36. The role of obesity in the prevalence and clustering of multimorbidity, the occurrence of two or more chronic conditions, is understudied. We estimated the prevalence of multimorbidity by obesity status, and t...

    Authors: Calypse B Agborsangaya, Emmanuel Ngwakongnwi, Markus Lahtinen, Tim Cooke and Jeffrey A Johnson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1161
  37. Health related quality of life (HRQOL) as an important measure of medical outcomes has been shown to be associated with demographic factors and the most common mental and chronic somatic diseases. This study’s...

    Authors: Anja Cerne, Igor Svab, Janko Kersnik and Polona Selic
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1160
  38. A largely unaddressed issue in lower income countries and the Philippines, in particular, is the role of alcohol marketing and its potential link to early alcohol use among youth. This study examines the assoc...

    Authors: Monica H Swahn, Jane B Palmier, Agnes Benegas-Segarra and Fe A Sinson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1159
  39. Antimicrobial resistance is a major contemporary public health threat. Strategies to contain antimicrobial resistance have been comprehensively set forth, however in developing countries where the need for eff...

    Authors: Kinh Van Nguyen, Nga Thuy Thi Do, Arjun Chandna, Trung Vu Nguyen, Ca Van Pham, Phuong Mai Doan, An Quoc Nguyen, Chuc Kim Thi Nguyen, Mattias Larsson, Socorro Escalante, Babatunde Olowokure, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Hellen Gelband, Peter Horby, Ha Bich Thi Ngo, Mai Thanh Hoang…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1158
  40. Work-related stress is widely recognized as one of the major challenges to occupational health and safety. The correlation between work-related stress risk factors and physical health outcomes is widely acknow...

    Authors: Alessandro Marinaccio, Pierpaolo Ferrante, Marisa Corfiati, Cristina Di Tecco, Bruna M Rondinone, Michela Bonafede, Matteo Ronchetti, Benedetta Persechino and Sergio Iavicoli
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1157
  41. Current asthma prevalence among adults in the United States has reached historically high levels. Although national-level estimates indicate that asthma prevalence among adults increased by 33% from 2000 to 20...

    Authors: Xingyou Zhang, Teresa Morrison-Carpenter, James B Holt and David B Callahan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1156
  42. Some aspects of HIV-related stigma have been shown to be a barrier to HIV services uptake and adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART). Distinguishing which domains of stigma impact HIV services uptake can ...

    Authors: Abraham Mukolo, Meridith Blevins, Bart Victor, Heather N Paulin, Lara ME Vaz, Mohsin Sidat and Alfredo E Vergara
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1155
  43. This pilot study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of lowering playground density on increasing children’s physical activity and decreasing sedentary time. Also the feasibility of this intervention was ...

    Authors: Sara D’Haese, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij and Greet Cardon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1154
  44. Selenium (Se) is a necessary element for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. We investigated the relationship between selenium status, thyroid volume, and goiter in a cross-sectional study in an iodine-suffi...

    Authors: Yang Liu, Hui Huang, Jing Zeng and Chengjun Sun
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1153
  45. In China, there is increasing concern because of the rapid increase in HIV infection recorded over recent years. Migrant workers are recognized as one of the groups most affected. In this study, HIV/AIDS-relat...

    Authors: Ke-Wei Wang, Jun-Qing Wu, Hong-Xin Zhao, Yu-Yan Li, Rui Zhao, Ying Zhou and Hong Lei Ji
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1152
  46. Marital circumstances have been indicated to be a salient risk factor for disproportionately high prevalence of depression and anxiety among Pakistani women. Although social support is a known buffer of psycho...

    Authors: Farah Qadir, Amna Khalid, Sabahat Haqqani, Zill-e-Huma and Girmay Medhin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1150
  47. Eventual control of HIV/AIDS is believed to be ultimately dependent on a safe, effective and affordable vaccine. Participation of sub-Saharan Africa in the conduct of HIV trials is crucial as this region still...

    Authors: Muhammad Bakari, Patricia Munseri, Joel Francis, Eric Aris, Candida Moshiro, David Siyame, Mohamed Janabi, Mary Ngatoluwa, Said Aboud, Eligius Lyamuya, Eric Sandström and Fred Mhalu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1149
  48. Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common tick-borne disease in the United States and Europe. The incidence is 13.4 per 100,000 inhabitants in the United States and more than 300 per 100,000 inhabitants in Euro...

    Authors: Desiree JMA Beaujean, Fedor Gassner, Albert Wong, Jim E Steenbergen van, Rik Crutzen and Dirk Ruwaard
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1148
  49. The preschool years are a critical window for obesity prevention efforts; representing a time when children establish healthy eating habits and physical activity patterns. Understanding the context in which th...

    Authors: Laura L Bellows, Susan L Johnson, Patricia L Davies, Jennifer Anderson, William J Gavin and Richard E Boles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1146

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