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  1. This survey was intended to investigate prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) in a sample of children in Southern Italy and to identify factors that may be related to this condition.

    Authors: Carmelo GA Nobile, Leonzio Fortunato, Aida Bianco, Claudia Pileggi and Maria Pavia
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:206
  2. Over the past decade, growing attention has been given to the mental health of workers. One way to examine the mental health of workers is to look at the incidence rates of mental illness-related sickness abse...

    Authors: Carolyn S Dewa, Desmond Loong, Sarah Bonato and Hiske Hees
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:205
  3. Omega-3 fatty acids are known to prevent cardiac death. However, previous observational studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids are associated with cancer risk in adults. We conducted a meta-analysis b...

    Authors: Yu-Fei Zhang, Hong-Fang Gao, An-Ji Hou and Yu-Hao Zhou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:204
  4. Guangdong province attracted more than 31 million migrants in 2010. But few studies were performed to estimate the complete and age-appropriate immunization coverage and determine risk factors of migrant child...

    Authors: Ke Han, Huizhen Zheng, Zhixiong Huang, Quan Qiu, Hong Zeng, Banghua Chen and Jianxiong Xu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:203
  5. This study aims to explore the use of traditional medicines to cope with climate sensitive diseases in areas vulnerable to climate change. We assessed the extent to which traditional or alternative medicines w...

    Authors: Md Aminul Haque, Valérie R Louis, Revati Phalkey and Rainer Sauerborn
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:202
  6. Australia, Canada, and New Zealand are all developed nations that are home to Indigenous populations which have historically faced poorer outcomes than their non-Indigenous counterparts on a range of health, s...

    Authors: Francis Mitrou, Martin Cooke, David Lawrence, David Povah, Elena Mobilia, Eric Guimond and Stephen R Zubrick
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:201
  7. To improve effectiveness of future screen behaviour interventions, one needs to know whether an intervention works via the proposed mediating mechanisms and whether the intervention is equally effective among ...

    Authors: Ingunn H Bergh, Maartje M van Stralen, Mona Bjelland, May Grydeland, Nanna Lien, Knut-Inge Klepp, Sigmund A Anderssen and Yngvar Ommundsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:200
  8. There is growing evidence that health and social outcomes following motor vehicle crash injury are related to cognitive and emotional responses of the injured individual, as well as relationships between the i...

    Authors: Jagnoor Jagnoor, Fiona Blyth, Belinda Gabbe, Sarah Derrett, Soufiane Boufous, Michael Dinh, Robert Day, Gregory Button, Mark Gillett, Tony Joseph, Michael Nicholas, Rebecca Ivers, Chris G Maher, Simon Willcock, Justin Kenardy, Alex Collie…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:199
  9. Health inequalities can be tackled with appropriate health and social policies, involving all community groups and governments, from local to global. The objective of this study was to carry out a scoping revi...

    Authors: Mariona Pons-Vigués, Èlia Diez, Joana Morrison, Sergio Salas-Nicás, Rasmus Hoffmann, Bo Burstrom, Jitse P van Dijk and Carme Borrell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:198
  10. Street-involved youth are more likely to experience trauma and adverse events in childhood; however, little is known about exposure to the child welfare system among this vulnerable population. This study soug...

    Authors: Brittany Barker, Thomas Kerr, Gerald Taiaiake Alfred, Michelle Fortin, Paul Nguyen, Evan Wood and Kora DeBeck
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:197
  11. Community awareness of stroke, especially the risk factors and warning signs is important in the control of the disease. In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about community awareness of stroke though the br...

    Authors: Eric S Donkor, Mayowa O Owolabi, Patrick Bampoh, Thor Aspelund and Vilmundur Gudnason
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:196
  12. Although Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI), very little information regarding the prevalence of MG among MSM (men who have sex with men) is available in China. The object...

    Authors: Bing-jie Zheng, Yue-ping Yin, Yan Han, Mei-qin Shi, Ning Jiang, Zhi Xiang, Rui-xing Yu, Guo-yi Zhang and Xiang-sheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:195
  13. Aging and menopause are particular cardiovascular risk factors for women, due to estrogen deprivation at the time of menopause. Studies show that diabetes mellitus (DM), smoking, hypertension, high body mass i...

    Authors: Verônica Colpani, Karen Oppermann and Poli Mara Spritzer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:194
  14. The World Health Organization recommends African children receive two doses of measles containing vaccine (MCV) through routine programs or supplemental immunization activities (SIA). Moreover, children have a...

    Authors: Lise Grout, Nolwenn Conan, Aitana Juan Giner, Northan Hurtado, Florence Fermon, Alexandra N’Goran, Emmanuel Grellety, Andrea Minetti, Klaudia Porten and Rebecca F Grais
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:193
  15. The school environment influences children’s opportunities for physical activity participation. The aim of the present study was to assess objectively measured school recess physical activity in children from ...

    Authors: Georges Baquet, Nicola D Ridgers, Aurélie Blaes, Julien Aucouturier, Emmanuel Van Praagh and Serge Berthoin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:192
  16. Smoking prevalence is higher among low socio-economic status (LSES) groups, and this difference may originate from a higher intention to smoke in childhood. This study aims to identify factors that explain dif...

    Authors: Henricus-Paul Cremers, Anke Oenema, Liesbeth Mercken, Math Candel and Hein de Vries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:191
  17. Key risk factors for adolescent injury have been well documented, and include structural, behavioural, and psychosocial indicators. While psychiatric distress has been associated with suicidal behaviour and re...

    Authors: Mark Asbridge, Sunday Azagba, Donald B Langille and Daniel Rasic
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:190
  18. Lived health is a person’s level of functioning in his or her current environment and depends both on the person’s environment and biological health. Our study addresses the question whether biological health ...

    Authors: Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach and Alarcos Cieza
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:189
  19. Access to mobile phone technology has rapidly expanded in developing countries. In Africa, mHealth is a relatively new concept and questions arise regarding reliability of the technology used for health outcom...

    Authors: Clara B Aranda-Jan, Neo Mohutsiwa-Dibe and Svetla Loukanova
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:188
  20. The editors of BMC Public Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).

    Authors: Natalie Pafitis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:81
  21. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a rampant epidemic worldwide. Causative factors and predisposition is postulated to be multi-factorial in origin and include changing life styles and diet. This paper examines the rel...

    Authors: Praveen Weeratunga, Sayumi Jayasinghe, Yashasvi Perera, Ganga Jayasena and Saroj Jayasinghe
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:186
  22. Enterococci are the most important multidrug resistant organisms associated with immunocompromised patients. Data are lacking about the epidemiology of vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE) in Ethiopia. This st...

    Authors: Wondwossen Abebe, Mengistu Endris, Moges Tiruneh and Feleke Moges
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:185
  23. We examined how socioeconomic position (SEP) across the lifecourse (three critical periods, social mobility and accumulated over time) is associated with allostatic load (a measure of cumulative physiological ...

    Authors: Tony Robertson, Frank Popham and Michaela Benzeval
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:184
  24. In July 2011, the Malawi national HIV program implemented the integrated antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines. Among the principle goals of the guideli...

    Authors: Hannock Tweya, Anne Ben-Smith, Mike Kalulu, Andreas Jahn, Wingston Ng’ambi, Elizabeth Mkandawire, Layout Gabriel and Sam Phiri
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:183
  25. After the 2011 cluster of Hendra virus cases in horses in Australia, public health targeted education initiatives at people in the equine industry to reduce human exposure to potentially infected horses. ‘Hors...

    Authors: Kate Sawford, Navneet K Dhand, Jenny-Ann LML Toribio and Melanie R Taylor
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:182
  26. Fort Bragg, a large Army installation with reported high Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection rates, is characterized by a highly mobile population and a surrounding Ct-endemic community. We assessed the rates of...

    Authors: Shilpa Hakre, Robert J Oyler, Kenneth A Ferrell, Fang Li, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott and Bruno P Petruccelli
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:181
  27. The role of a low glycemic index (GI) diet in the management of adolescent obesity remains controversial. In this study, we aim to evaluate the impact of low GI diet versus a conventional Chinese diet on the b...

    Authors: Alice PS Kong, Kai Chow Choi, Ruth SM Chan, Kris Lok, Risa Ozaki, Albert M Li, Chung Shun Ho, Michael HM Chan, Mandy Sea, C Jeyakumar Henry, Juliana CN Chan and Jean Woo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:180
  28. Globally, an estimated 54 million people have angina, 16 million of whom are from the WHO South-East Asia region. Despite the increasing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in South Asia, there is no eviden...

    Authors: Khurshid Alam and Ajay Mahal
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:179
  29. Type II diabetes is not only major public health problem but also heavy fiscal burden to each nation’s health care system around the world. This study aimed to investigate the effect of early onset and pack-ye...

    Authors: Sun Jung Kim, Sun Ha Jee, Jung Mo Nam, Woo Hyun Cho, Jae-Hyun Kim and Eun-Cheol Park
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:178
  30. New York City (NYC) is currently home to the largest Bangladeshi population in the United States (US) at approximately 62,000 individuals. The high prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Banglades...

    Authors: Nadia Islam, Lindsey Riley, Laura Wyatt, S Darius Tandon, Michael Tanner, Runi Mukherji-Ratnam, Mariano Rey and Chau Trinh-Shevrin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:177
  31. The prevalence of diabetes is alarmingly high among Mexican American adults residing near the U.S.-Mexico border. Depression is also common among Mexican Americans with diabetes, and may have a negative influe...

    Authors: Darla E Kendzor, Minxing Chen, Belinda M Reininger, Michael S Businelle, Diana W Stewart, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Anne R Rentfro, David W Wetter and Joseph B McCormick
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:176
  32. In the last decade, so-called hard-core smokers have received increasing interest in research literature. For smokers in general, the study of perceived costs and benefits (or ‘pros and cons’) of smoking and q...

    Authors: Jeroen Bommelé, Tim M Schoenmakers, Marloes Kleinjan, Barbara van Straaten, Elske Wits, Michelle Snelleman and Dike van de Mheen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:175
  33. Arsenic in drinking water causes increased coronary artery disease (CAD) and death from CAD, but its association with stroke is not known.

    Authors: Mahfuzar Rahman, Nazmul Sohel, Mohammad Yunus, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Samar Kumar Hore, Khalequ Zaman, Abbas Bhuiya and Peter Kim Streatfield
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:174
  34. An upsurge in club drug use has been observed in recent years in some cities of China, especially methamphetamine, which is quickly replacing heroin to become the most widespread drug across the nation. This s...

    Authors: Meizhen Liao, Dianmin Kang, Xiaorun Tao, Catherine Cox, Yuesheng Qian, Guoyong Wang, Cui Yang, XiaoYan Zhu, Na Zhang, Zhenqiang Bi and Yujiang Jia
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:172
  35. To assess how much of a public health problem emotional and instrumental feeding practices are, we explored the use of these feeding practices in a sample of Dutch mothers regarding their child’s food intake b...

    Authors: Lieke GM Raaijmakers, Dorus WM Gevers, Dorit Teuscher, Stef PJ Kremers and Patricia van Assema
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:171
  36. In Cambodia, while anti-retroviral therapy (ART) services are increasingly available, the unmet needs of family planning among general population are high. These facts raise concern on possible exposure of man...

    Authors: Naomi Nakaie, Sovanna Tuon, Ikuma Nozaki, Fuzuki Yamaguchi, Yuri Sasaki and Kazuhiro Kakimoto
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:170
  37. Collection of household waste is a job which requires repeated heavy physical activities such as lifting, carrying, pulling, and pushing. Like many developing countries, in Ethiopia municipal solid waste is co...

    Authors: Daniel Bogale, Abera kumie and Worku Tefera
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:169
  38. Pedometer-based programs have elicited increased walking behaviors associated with improvements in blood pressure in sedentary/low active postmenopausal women, a population at increased risk of cardiovascular ...

    Authors: Catrine Tudor-Locke, Damon L Swift, John M Schuna Jr., Amber T Dragg, Allison B Davis, Corby K Martin, William D Johnson and Timothy S Church
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:168
  39. Musculoskeletal diseases are characterized by a high degree of comorbidity with common mental disorders and are a major cause of health-related exclusion from working life. Using a prospective design we aimed ...

    Authors: Inger Haukenes, Erlend H Farbu, Trond Riise and Grethe S Tell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:167
  40. Parasitic infection is the most prevalent among rural communities in warm and humid regions and where water, hygiene and sanitation facilities are inadequate. Such infection occurs in rural areas where water s...

    Authors: Ashenafi Abossie and Mohammed Seid
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:166
  41. From 1999 to the end of 2006, older drivers aged 80 plus in New Zealand were subject to an older driver licence test as a condition of licensing. The impact of this test has not yet been studied in terms of th...

    Authors: Michael D Keall and Esther Woodbury
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:165
  42. An emerging public health strategy is to enhance children’s opportunities to be physically active during school break periods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activ...

    Authors: Brendon P Hyndman, Amanda C Benson, Shahid Ullah and Amanda Telford
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:164
  43. Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic metabolic disorder and one of the main causes of death in Palestine. Palestinians are continuously living under stressful economic and military conditions which make them ...

    Authors: Waleed M Sweileh, Hanadi M Abu-Hadeed, Samah W Al-Jabi and Sa’ed H Zyoud
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:163
  44. Although efforts have been made to articulate rural–urban health inequalities in recent years, results have been inconsistent due to different geographical scales used in these studies. Small-area level invest...

    Authors: Mikiko Terashima, Judith Read Guernsey and Pantelis Andreou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:162
  45. As people diagnosed with HIV and receiving combination antiretroviral therapy are now living longer, they are likely to acquire chronic conditions related to normal ageing and the effects of HIV and its treatm...

    Authors: Claire E Kendall, Jenna Wong, Monica Taljaard, Richard H Glazier, William Hogg, Jaime Younger and Douglas G Manuel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:161
  46. Identifying important ages for the development of overweight is essential for optimizing preventive efforts. The purpose of the study was to explore early growth characteristics in children who become overweig...

    Authors: Kari Glavin, Mathieu Roelants, Bjørn Heine Strand, Pétur B Júlíusson, Kari Kveim Lie, Sølvi Helseth and Ragnhild Hovengen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:160
  47. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in several chronic, non-communicable diseases independent of its conventional role in bone and calcium homeostasis. In this retrospective study, we determined the preva...

    Authors: Hanan Alfawaz, Hani Tamim, Shmeylan Alharbi, Saleh Aljaser and Waleed Tamimi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:159
  48. Today’s rapid growth of migrant populations has been a major contributor to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. However, relatively few studies have focused on HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndro...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Christopher Cochran, Peng Xu, Jay J Shen, Gang Zeng, Yanjun Xu, Mei Sun, Chengyue Li, Xiaohong Li, Fengshui Chang, Jun Lu, Mo Hao and Fan Lu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:158

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