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  1. Content type: Research article

    Two contradictory hypotheses have been proposed to explain the relationship between allergic conditions and malignancies, the immune surveillance hypothesis and the antigenic stimulation hypothesis. The former...

    Authors: Karin C Söderberg, Lars Hagmar, Judith Schwartzbaum and Maria Feychting

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:51

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Absenteeism due to communicable illness is a major problem encountered by North American elementary school children. Although handwashing is a proven infection control measure, barriers exist in the school env...

    Authors: Emily Meadows and Nicole Le Saux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:50

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Male suicide rates continued to increase in Scotland when rates in England and Wales declined. Female rates decreased, but at a slower rate than in England and Wales. Previous work has suggested higher than av...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Paddy Hopkins, Diane Gibbs, Tracey Rapson, Alan Belbin and Alistair Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:49

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing prevalence of obesity and disorders associated with sedentary living constitute a major global public health problem. While previous evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity have i...

    Authors: Kate Williams, A Toby Prevost, Simon Griffin, Wendy Hardeman, William Hollingworth, David Spiegelhalter, Stephen Sutton, Ulf Ekelund, Nicholas Wareham and Ann Louise Kinmonth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:48

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Registration of the fact of death is almost complete in the city of Chennai and not so in the rural Villupuram district in Tamilnadu, India. The cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certi...

    Authors: Vendhan Gajalakshmi and Richard Peto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:47

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The knowledge of factors accurately predicting the long lasting sick leaves is sparse, but information on medical condition is believed to be necessary to identify persons at risk. Based on the current practic...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Olav Helge Førde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:46

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is particularly harmful to infectious disease management in low-income countries since expensive second-line drugs are not readily available. The objective of this study was to impleme...

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Davis SM Mwakagile, Willy K Urassa, Samwel Y Maselle, Marcellina Mashurano, Asbjørn Digranes, Stig Harthug and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:45

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The SF-36 is one of the most widely used self-completion measures of health status. The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics...

    Authors: Peter Butterworth and Timothy Crosier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:44

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking prevalence among gay men is twice that of population levels. A pilot community-level intervention was developed and evaluated aiming to meet UK Government cessation and cancer prevention targ...

    Authors: Richard Harding, James Bensley and Nick Corrigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:43

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Evidence on the relation between fear of war and mental health is insufficient. We carried out a prospective cohort study to find out whether fear of nuclear war is related to increased risk of common mental d...

    Authors: Kari Poikolainen, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mauri Marttunen and Jouko Lönnqvist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:42

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This study sought to identify the extent to which employee level and work stressors were associated with mental health problems experienced by Australian government employees, and with their use of primary car...

    Authors: Ruth A Parslow, Anthony F Jorm, Helen Christensen, Dorothy H Broom, Lyndall Strazdins and Rennie M D' Souza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:41

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  12. Content type: Research article

    On 30th July 2002, the Suffolk Communicable Disease Control Team received notifications of gastrointestinal illness due to Salmonella Enteritidis in subjects who had eaten food from a Chinese restaurant on 27th J...

    Authors: Padmanabhan Badrinath, Torbjorn Sundkvist, Hamid Mahgoub and Richard Kent

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:40

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    The Internet provides a new meeting ground, especially for gay men, that did not exist in the early 1990s. Several studies have found increased levels of high risk sexual behaviour and sexually transmissible i...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Graham Bolding, Mark Davis, Lorraine Sherr and Graham Hart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:39

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  14. Content type: Research article

    There are multiple studies in different countries regarding the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. These studies showed high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Asian countries. This study tries to elucidat...

    Authors: Sima Hashemipour, Bagher Larijani, Hossein Adibi, Ebrahim Javadi, Mojtaba Sedaghat, Mohammad Pajouhi, Akbar Soltani, Ali Reza Shafaei, Zohreh Hamidi, Ali Reza Khalili Fard, Arash Hossein-Nezhad and Fargol Booya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:38

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  15. Content type: Research article

    One estimate suggests that by 2010 more than 30% of a physician's time will be spent using information technology tools. The aim of this study is to assess the information and communication technologies (ICT) ...

    Authors: Miriam Samuel, John C Coombes, J Jaime Miranda, Rob Melvin, Eoin JW Young and Pejman Azarmina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:37

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Influenza vaccination has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in the older adult population. In Canada, vaccination rates remain suboptimal. We identified factors predictive of influenza vaccination, ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew, Shelly McNeil, Heather Merry and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:36

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Previous smallpox ring vaccination models based on contact tracing over a network suggest that ring vaccination would be effective, but have not explicitly included response logistics and limited numbers of va...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Karen A Holbrook, Susan E Fernyak, Diane L Portnoy, Randy Reiter and Tomás J Aragón

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:34

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Numerous malaria epidemics have occurred in western Kenya, with increasing frequency over the past 20 years. A variety of hypotheses on the etiology of these epidemics have been put forth, with different impli...

    Authors: John C Carlson, Brian D Byrd and Francois X Omlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:33

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  19. Content type: Research article

    We assessed whether the Korean version of modified Mini-Mental State Examination (K-mMMSE) has improved performance as a screening test for cognitive impairment or dementia in a general population compared wit...

    Authors: Seul-Ki Jeong, Ki-Hyun Cho and Jae-Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:31

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis is a serious infection which is most common in young children and adolescents. This study investigated the relationships between the incidence and age distribution of m...

    Authors: Christopher J Williams, Lorna J Willocks, Iain R Lake and Paul R Hunter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:30

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Many Japanese believe that low-yield cigarettes are less hazardous than regular cigarettes, and many smokers consume low-yield cigarettes to reduce their risks from smoking. We evaluate the association between...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakazawa, Masako Shigeta and Kotaro Ozasa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:28

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Inadequate cervical smears cannot be analysed, can cause distress to women, are a financial burden to the NHS and may lead to further unnecessary procedures being undertaken. Furthermore, the proportion of ina...

    Authors: Wayne N Harrison, Mohammed A Mohammed, Michael K Wall and Tom P Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:25

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Birth defects, which are the major cause of infant mortality and a leading cause of disability, refer to "Any anomaly, functional or structural, that presents in infancy or later in life and is caused by event...

    Authors: Jilei Wu, Jinfeng Wang, Bin Meng, Gong Chen, Lihua Pang, Xinming Song, Keli Zhang, Ting Zhang and Xiaoying Zheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:23

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health problem among young people and can lead to the spread of HIV. Previous studies have primarily addressed barriers to STD care for symptomatic patie...

    Authors: Elizabeth C Tilson, Victoria Sanchez, Chandra L Ford, Marlene Smurzynski, Peter A Leone, Kimberley K Fox, Kathleen Irwin and William C Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:21

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  25. Content type: Debate

    The risk compensation theory is a widely used concept in transport economics to analyze driver risk behaviour. This article explores the feasibility of applying the theory in blood transfusion to raise importa...

    Authors: Mo Amin, Kumanan Wilson, Alan Tinmouth and Paul Hébert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:20

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Young people are of particular importance in state policies against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). We intended to assess the knowledge and attitude of high school students regarding AIDS in Iran.

    Authors: Anahita Tavoosi, Azadeh Zaferani, Anahita Enzevaei, Parvin Tajik and Zahra Ahmadinezhad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:17

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, injuries from road traffic collisions are a rapidly growing problem in terms of morbidity and mortality. The UK has amongst the worst records in Europe with regard to child pedestrian safety. A trad...

    Authors: Paul Hewson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:15

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Patients under haemodialysis are considered at high risk to acquire hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Since few data are reported from Brazil, our aim was to assess the frequency and risk factors for HBV infe...

    Authors: Flair J Carrilho, Cleusa R Moraes, João RR Pinho, Isabel MVGC Mello, Dennis A Bertolini, Marcílio F Lemos, Regina C Moreira, Leda C Bassit, Rita A Cardoso, Gabriela Ribeiro-dos-Santos and Luiz C Da Silva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:13

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Any hypothesis in longitudinal studies may be affected by attrition and poor response rates. The MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing study (MRC CFAS) is a population based longitudinal study in five centres with...

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Mark Chatfield, Carol Freeman, Cherie McCracken, Carol Brayne and MRC CFAS

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:12

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of hyperuricemia has rarely been investigated in developing countries. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and the association between uric acid l...

    Authors: D Conen, V Wietlisbach, P Bovet, C Shamlaye, W Riesen, F Paccaud and M Burnier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:9

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Medical sickness certificates are generally the main source for information when scrutinizing the need for aimed intervention strategies to avoid or reduce the individual and community side effects of sick lea...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Bente Skipenes Østrem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:8

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    This article discusses the design of a study on the prevalence of health problems (both physical and mental) and the utilisation of health care services among asylum seekers and refugees in the Netherlands, in...

    Authors: Annette AM Gerritsen, Inge Bramsen, Walter Devillé, Loes HM van Willigen, Johannes E Hovens and Henk M van der Ploeg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:7

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing demand for acupuncture and homoeopathy in Germany, little is known about the effects of these treatments in routine care. We set up a pragmatic documentation study in general practice fu...

    Authors: Corina Güthlin, Oliver Lange and Harald Walach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:6

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We report on the validity of the computerized diagnoses of autism in a large case-control study investigating the possible association between autism and the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in the UK using ...

    Authors: Eric Fombonne, Lisa Heavey, Liam Smeeth, Laura C Rodrigues, Claire Cook, Peter G Smith, Linyan Meng and Andrew J Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:5

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