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  1. Content type: Research article

    The objective was to estimate the proportion of inhabitants with a diagnosis-registered encounter with a general practitioner, and to elucidate annual variations of clinical categories of patients in terms of ...

    Authors: Lennart Carlsson, Lars-Erik Strender, Gerd Fridh and Gunnar H Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:35

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  2. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevention in India has mostly focussed on heterosexual transmission. Data on homosexual transmission are not readily available from India. We therefore assessed the probability of acquiring and transmitti...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Sam McPherson and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:31

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a globally spreading health problem. Behavioural interventions aimed at modifying dietary habits and physical activity patterns are essential in prevention and management of obesity. General practit...

    Authors: Jurate Klumbiene, Janina Petkeviciene, Vytautas Vaisvalavicius and Irena Miseviciene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:30

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  4. Content type: Technical advance

    Elevated plasma total homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a sensitive marker of the inadequate vitamin B12 and folate insufficiency. Folate and vitamin B12 have a protecti...

    Authors: Hossein Fakhrzadeh, Sara Ghotbi, Rasoul Pourebrahim, Masoumeh Nouri, Ramin Heshmat, Fatemeh Bandarian, Alireza Shafaee and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:29

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has led to a growing amount of research in this area. All the same little is known about the effects of these special treatments in every-day prac...

    Authors: Susanne Moebus, Nils Lehmann, Wolfgang Bödeker and Karl-Heinz Jöckel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:28

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans...

    Authors: Brian H Howard, Carl V Phillips, Nelia Matinhure, Karen J Goodman, Sheryl A McCurdy and Cary A Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:27

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We tested the properties of the 18 Household Food Security Survey (HFSS) items, and the validity of the resulting food security classifications, in an English-speaking middle-income country.

    Authors: Martin C Gulliford, Cheryl Nunes and Brian Rocke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:26

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Administrative data can serve as an easily available source for epidemiological and evaluation studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of hospital administrative data to determine breast cancer s...

    Authors: Patrizia Schifano, Paolo Papini, Nera Agabiti, Marina Scarinci, Piero Borgia and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:25

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In occupational life, a mismatch between high expenditure of effort and receiving few rewards may promote the co-occurrence of lifestyle risk factors, however, there is insufficient evidence to support or refu...

    Authors: Anne Kouvonen, Mika Kivimäki, Marianna Virtanen, Tarja Heponiemi, Marko Elovainio, Jaana Pentti, Anne Linna and Jussi Vahtera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:24

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A depressed Apgar score at 5 minutes is a marker for perinatal insults, including neurologic damage. We examined the association between 5-minute Apgar score and the risk of epilepsy hospitalization in childhood.

    Authors: Vera Ehrenstein, Henrik T Sørensen, Lars Pedersen, Helle Larsen, Vibeke Holsteen and Kenneth J Rothman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:23

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between physical activity and health status has been thoroughly investigated in several studies, while the relation between physical activity and socio-economic status (SES) is less investigat...

    Authors: Giuseppe La Torre, Daniele Masala, Elisabetta De Vito, Elisa Langiano, Giovanni Capelli and Walter Ricciardi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:22

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  12. Content type: Research article

    According to the latest Tanzanian National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) report a total of 147,271 individuals donated blood during the year 2002. However, blood safety remains an issue of major concern in tra...

    Authors: Mecky IN Matee, Pius M Magesa and Eligius F Lyamuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:21

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The highest prevalence of several cardiovascular disease risk factors including obesity, smoking and low physical activity level is observed in adults of low socioeconomic status. This study investigates wheth...

    Authors: Peter L Kristensen, Niels Wedderkopp, Niels C Møller, Lars B Andersen, Charlotte N Bai and Karsten Froberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:20

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Spain shows the highest bladder cancer incidence rates in men among European countries. The most important risk factors are tobacco smoking and occupational exposure to a range of different chemical substances...

    Authors: Gonzalo Lopez-Abente, Nuria Aragones, Rebeca Ramis, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar and Marina Pollan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:17

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Migration is a phenomenon of particular Public Health importance. Since 1990, almost 2 million ethnic Germans (Aussiedler) have migrated from the former Soviet Union (FSU) to Germany. This study compares their ov...

    Authors: Ulrich Ronellenfitsch, Catherine Kyobutungi, Heiko Becher and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:16

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is an important health threat in Turkey. This study aimed to determine the frequency of and main factors associated with smoking in persons of 15 years and over, and the frequency of passive smoking in...

    Authors: Ali I Bozkurt, Saime Şahinöz, Birgül Özçırpıcı, Servet Özgür, Turgut Şahinöz, Hamit Acemoğlu, Günay Saka, Ali Ceylan, Yılmaz Palanci, Ersen İlçin and Feridun Akkafa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:15

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In Africa hypertension is common and stroke is increasing. Detection, treatment and control of high blood pressure (BP) is limited. BP can be lowered by reducing salt intake. In Africa salt is added to the foo...

    Authors: Francesco P Cappuccio, Sally M Kerry, Frank B Micah, Jacob Plange-Rhule and John B Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:13

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Limited information is available on ways to influence osteoporosis risk in premenopausal women. This study tested four hypotheses regarding the effects of individualized bone density (BMD) feedback and differe...

    Authors: Tania Winzenberg, Brian Oldenburg, Sue Frendin, Laura De Wit, Malcolm Riley and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:12

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a bio-medical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non...

    Authors: Anne W Taylor, Eleonora Dal Grande, Tiffany Gill, Catherine R Chittleborough, David H Wilson, Robert J Adams, Janet F Grant, Patrick Phillips and Richard E Ruffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:11

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cocaine abuse is a serious and socially damaging illegal drug problem. Different routes of administration are associated with a specific progression of use, different degrees of abuse liability, propensity for...

    Authors: Camila Guindalini, Homero Vallada, Gerome Breen and Ronaldo Laranjeira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:10

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  21. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a middle-income country in rapid epidemiological transition and estimated direct costs for treating all individuals at increased c...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Conrad Shamlaye, Anne Gabriel, Walter Riesen and Fred Paccaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:9

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Diabetes mellitus is a serious and increasing health problem in Australia and is a designated national health priority. Diabetes and related conditions represent an even greater health burden among Indigenous ...

    Authors: Joan Cunningham, Kerin O'Dea, Terry Dunbar, Tarun Weeramanthri, Paul Zimmet and Jonathan Shaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:8

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program is a major vaccine entitlement program with limited long-term evaluation. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of VFC on physician reported referral o...

    Authors: Richard K Zimmerman, Melissa Tabbarah, Janine E Janosky, Barbara Bardenheier, Judith A Troy, Ilene K Jewell and Barbara P Yawn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:7

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Prevention of depression must address multiple risk factors. Estimating overall risk across a range of putative risk factors is fundamental to prevention of depression. However, we lack reliable and valid meth...

    Authors: Michael King, Scott Weich, Francisco Torres-González, Igor Švab, Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos, Jan Neeleman, Miguel Xavier, Richard Morris, Carl Walker, Juan A Bellón-Saameño, Berta Moreno-Küstner, Danica Rotar, Janez Rifel, Anu Aluoja, Ruth Kalda, Mirjam I Geerlings…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Breast-feeding rates in the UK are known to vary by maternal socio-economic status but the latter function is imperfectly defined. We test if CTVB (Council Tax Valuation Band – a categorical assessment of UK p...

    Authors: Norman Beale, Gill Kane, Mark Gwynne, Carole Peart, Gordon Taylor, David Herrick and Andy Boyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:5

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) is a major healthcare problem. Effective anti-viral therapy is available. To maximise population effectiveness, co-ordinated services for detection and management of patient...

    Authors: Julie Parkes, Paul Roderick, Bethan Bennett-Lloyd and William Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:3

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This paper examines the association between use of protective devices, frequency of acute health problems and health-protection information received by participants engaged in the Prestige oil spill clean-up i...

    Authors: José Miguel Carrasco, Virginia Lope, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Nuria Aragonés, Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Marina Pollán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2006 6:1

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In a climate of concern over bioterrorism threats and emergent diseases, public health authorities are trialling more timely surveillance systems. The 2003 Rugby World Cup (RWC) provided an opportunity to test...

    Authors: David J Muscatello, Tim Churches, Jill Kaldor, Wei Zheng, Clayton Chiu, Patricia Correll and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:141

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  29. Content type: Research article

    This study was undertaken to investigate women's accounts of interactions with health care providers during labour and delivery and to assess the implications for acceptability and utilisation of maternity ser...

    Authors: Lucia D'Ambruoso, Mercy Abbey and Julia Hussein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:140

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The major limit to colorectal cancer screening effectiveness is often low compliance. We studied the reasons for non compliance and determinants of compliance to faecal occult blood tests in Lazio, Italy.

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Antonio Federici, Francesco Bartolozzi, Sara Farchi, Piero Borgia and Gabriella Guasticchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:139

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during ...

    Authors: Mohammed Mohsin and Adrian E Bauman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:138

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of the 58th World Health Assembly resolution on e-health will pose a major challenge for the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region due to lack of information and c...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Anthony Seddoh, Doris Gatwiri, Lenity HK Muthuri and Janet Seddoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:137

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The common failure of health systems to ensure adequate and sufficient supplies of injection devices may have a negative impact on injection safety. We conducted an assessment in April 2001 to determine to whi...

    Authors: Sophie Logez, Yvan Hutin, Paul Somda, Jérôme Thuault and Kathleen Holloway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:136

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been validated in pregnant women, but few studies have focused specifically on low-income women and minorities. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity o...

    Authors: Heather J Baer, Robin E Blum, Helaine RH Rockett, Jill Leppert, Jane D Gardner, Carol W Suitor and Graham A Colditz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:135

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Ageing is associated with a decrease in physical activity. This decrease particularly occurs during specific transitional life stages. Especially during adolescence and young adulthood a steep decrease in phys...

    Authors: Sander M Slootmaker, Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Albertine J Schuit, Jacob C Seidell and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:134

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia is an incurable disease with devastating consequences for both patients and their relatives. The objective of this study is to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial with assignm...

    Authors: Aaltje PD Jansen, Hein PJ van Hout, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Giel Nijpels, Martine C de Bruijne, Judith E Bosmans, Anne-Margriet Pot and Wim AB Stalman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:133

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  37. Content type: Research article

    While research to date has consistently demonstrated that socioeconomic status (SES) is inversely associated with injury mortality in both children and adults, findings have been less consistent for non-fatal ...

    Authors: Beth K Potter, Kathy N Speechley, John J Koval, Iris A Gutmanis, M Karen Campbell and Douglas Manuel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:132

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite the worldwide commitment to improving maternal health, measuring, monitoring and comparing maternal mortality estimates remain a challenge. Due to lack of data, international agencies have to rely on m...

    Authors: Ana P Betrán, Daniel Wojdyla, Samuel F Posner and A Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:131

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The HIV epidemic has caused a dramatic increase in tuberculosis (TB) in East and southern Africa. Several strategies have the potential to reduce the burden of TB in high HIV prevalence settings, and cost and ...

    Authors: Christine SM Currie, Katherine Floyd, Brian G Williams and Christopher Dye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:130

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Over four million Canadians receive their drinking water from private water supplies, and numerous studies report that these supplies often exceed the minimal acceptable standards for contamination. Canadians ...

    Authors: Andria Q Jones, Catherine E Dewey, Kathryn Doré, Shannon E Majowicz, Scott A McEwen, David Waltner-Toews, Spencer J Henson and Eric Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:129

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Poor housing conditions in remote Indigenous communities in Australia are a major underlying factor in poor child health, including high rates of skin infections. The aim of this study is to test approaches to...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Matthew R Stevens, Elizabeth McDonald, Stephen Halpin, David Brewster, Gary Robinson and Steven Guthridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:128

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is a major source of complaints about aircraft noise, safety risks and concerns about long term adverse health effects, including cancer. We investigated whether residents of the are...

    Authors: Otto Visser, Joop H van Wijnen and Flora E van Leeuwen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:127

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