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  1. Content type: Research article

    Low birth weight (LBW) is a public health problem linked to lack of equity in populations. Despite efforts to decrease the proportion of newborns with LBW, success has been quite limited. In recent years, stud...

    Authors: Laura P Torres-Arreola, Patricia Constantino-Casas, Sergio Flores-Hernández, Juan Pablo Villa-Barragán and Enrique Rendón-Macías

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:20

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To compare patterns of use, beliefs, and attitudes related to waterpipe smoking between university students (beginning smokers) and café customers (established smokers) in Aleppo Syria, in order to explore the...

    Authors: Taghrid Asfar, Kenneth D Ward, Thomas Eissenberg and Wasim Maziak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:19

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Low adherence is a key factor in explaining impaired effectiveness and efficiency in the pharmacological treatment of hypertension. However, little is known about which factors determine low adherence in actua...

    Authors: Kristina Johnell, Lennart Råstam, Thor Lithman, Jan Sundquist and Juan Merlo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:17

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Low physical activity is known to be a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease. With high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the Portuguese urban population, little is known about how sedentary ...

    Authors: Diane L Gal, Ana-Cristina Santos and Henrique Barros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:16

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  5. Content type: Research article

    We sought to determine the frequency and distribution of cardiovascular comorbidities in a large cohort of low-income patients with diabetes who had received primary care for diabetes at municipal health clinics.

    Authors: Jessica M Robbins, David A Webb and Christopher N Sciamanna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The key elements in tuberculosis (TB) control are to cure the individual patient, interrupt transmission of TB to others and prevent the tubercle bacilli from becoming drug resistant. Incomplete treatment may ...

    Authors: Mohamed Guled Farah, Aage Tverdal, Tore W Steen, Einar Heldal, Arne B Brantsaeter and Gunnar Bjune

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:14

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  7. Content type: Research article

    It is widely accepted that the development of atherosclerosis starts at an early age. However, there are very few studies evaluating the prevalence of the common clinical and behavioral cardiovascular disease ...

    Authors: Bike Kocaoglu, George Moschonis, Maria Dimitriou, Maria Kolotourou, Yasar Keskin, Haydar Sur, Osman Hayran and Yannis Manios

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:13

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Children with congenital hearing impairment benefit from early detection and treatment. At present, no model exists which explicitly quantifies the effectiveness of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) v...

    Authors: Eva Grill, Franz Hessel, Uwe Siebert, Petra Schnell-Inderst, Silke Kunze, Andreas Nickisch and Jürgen Wasem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:12

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Injuries are becoming a major health problem in developing countries. Few population based studies have been carried out in African countries. We examined the pattern of nonfatal injuries and associated risk f...

    Authors: Candida Moshiro, Ivar Heuch, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Philip Setel, Yusuf Hemed and Gunnar Kvåle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Over the past two decades, social marketing programs have become an important element of the national family planning and HIV prevention strategy in several developing countries. As yet, there has not been any...

    Authors: Dominique Meekers and Stephen Rahaim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:10

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological studies on the potential role of surgery in Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease transmission have disclosed associations with history of specific surgical interventions or reported negative results.

    Authors: Alberto Rábano, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta, Kåre Mølbak, Åke Siden, Miguel Calero and Henning Laursen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    HIV/AIDS is the most dramatic epidemic of the century that has claimed over two decade more than 3 million deaths. Sub Saharan Africa is heavily affected and accounts for nearly 70% of all cases. Despite aware...

    Authors: Sennen H Hounton, Hélène Carabin and Neil J Henderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:8

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  13. Content type: Research article

    A relatively consistent body of research supports an inverse graded relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). More recently, researchers have proposed various life cours...

    Authors: Ricardo A Pollitt, Kathryn M Rose and Jay S Kaufman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:7

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls are common among community-dwelling elderly people and can have a considerable impact on quality of life and healthcare costs. People who have sustained a fall are at greater risk of falling again.

    Authors: Marike RC Hendriks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Joseph PM Diederiks, Silvia MAA Evers, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jacques ThM van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:6

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Tetanus is a serious but vaccine-preventable disease and fatality rate of the disease is high in the neonates and the elderly. The aim of this study was to detect the tetanus antibody prevalence in the over si...

    Authors: Oguz Karabay, Fatma Ozkardes, Ali Tamer and Kazım Karaarslan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:5

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  16. Content type: Research article

    An earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale struck the city of Bam in Iran on the 26th of December 2003 at 5.26 A.M. It was devastating, and left over 40,000 dead and around 30,000 injured. The profound t...

    Authors: Ali Montazeri, Hamid Baradaran, Sepideh Omidvari, Seyed Ali Azin, Mehdi Ebadi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Amir Mahmood Harirchi and Mohammad Shariati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:4

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  17. Content type: Research article

    As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were c...

    Authors: Ekere J Essien, Angela F Meshack, Ronald J Peters, Gbadebo O Ogungbade and Nora I Osemene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:3

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate use of antibiotics by individuals worried about biological agent exposures during bioterrorism events is an important public health concern. However, little is documented about the extent to whic...

    Authors: Nkuchia M M'ikanatha, Kathleen G Julian, Allen R Kunselman, Robert C Aber, James T Rankin and Ebbing Lautenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:2

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Absence of knowledge of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) has prompted the start of a large cohort study in the Netherlands. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and incidenc...

    Authors: Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Annie Heuts, Mariëlle EAL Kroese, Gerard GM Essed and Piet A van den Brandt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2005 5:1

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  20. Content type: Database

    Public health practitioners and researchers for many years have been attempting to understand more clearly the links between social conditions and the health of populations. Until recently, most public health ...

    Authors: Jonathan D Eldredge, Howard Waitzkin, Holly S Buchanan, Janis Teal, Celia Iriart, Kevin Wiley and Jonathan Tregear

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:69

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The treatment guidelines for tuberculosis treatment under Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course (DOTS) have been a common strategy for TB treatment in Zambia. The study was carried out in Ndola, Zambia, to...

    Authors: Frederick AD Kaona, Mary Tuba, Seter Siziya and Lenganji Sikaona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:68

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle and/or low back pain is a controversial syndrome because insight in etiology and prognosis is lacking. The controversy relates to factors eliciting pain and some prognostic fact...

    Authors: Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Rob A de Bie, Pieter MJC Wolters, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Aldegonda BA Klabbers, Annie Heuts, Piet A van den Brandt and Gerard GM Essed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:67

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Healthy life expectancy – sometimes called health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) – is a form of health expectancy indicator that extends measures of life expectancy to account for the distribution of health s...

    Authors: Colin D Mathers, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Joshua A Salomon, Ajay Tandon, Somnath Chatterji, Bedirhan Ustün and Christopher JL Murray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:66

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Nearly 10% of the population of Turkey lives in the Southeast Anatolian Project (SEAP) region. The population growth rate and the rate of unintended pregnancies are high and family planning services are insuff...

    Authors: Ali Ihsan Bozkurt, Birgul Özcirpici, Servet Ozgur, Saime Sahinoz, Turgut Sahinoz, Gunay Saka, Ali Ceylan, Ersen Ilcin, Hamit Acemoglu, Yilmaz Palanci, Feridun Akkafa and Mucide Ak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:65

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections are amongst the most common infections worldwide. Epidemiological research carried out in different countries has shown that the social and economical situation of the individua...

    Authors: Pinar Okyay, Sema Ertug, Berna Gultekin, Ozlem Onen and Erdal Beser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:64

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Antidepressant prescribing has been increasing in England. Studies in other countries suggest that while this may be associated with reduced suicide rates, it may also be associated with increased fatal poison...

    Authors: Oliver WC Morgan, Clare Griffiths and Azeem Majeed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:63

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  27. Content type: Research article

    A healthcare provider's recommendation to undergo screening has been shown to be one of the strongest predictors of completing a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test. We sought to determine the relationship ...

    Authors: Mira L Katz, Aimee S James, Michael P Pignone, Marlyn A Hudson, Ethel Jackson, Veronica Oates and Marci K Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:62

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This study uses cigarette price elasticity to evaluate the effect of a new excise tax increase on cigarette consumption and to investigate responses from various types of smokers.

    Authors: Jie-Min Lee, Tsorng-Chyi Hwang, Chun-Yuan Ye and Sheng-Hong Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:61

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  29. Content type: Research article

    It is widely recognized and accepted that job strain adversely impacts the workforce. Individual responses to stressful situations can vary greatly and it has been shown that certain people are more likely to ...

    Authors: Giedrius Vanagas and Susanna Bihari-Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:59

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition in children can be a consequence of unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. However, some families maintain adequate nutritional status in their children despite living in poverty. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Hortensia Reyes, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Araceli Sandoval, Raúl Castillo, José Ignacio Santos, Svetlana V Doubova and Gonzalo Gutiérrez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:57

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Systematic assessment of recent health research output from India, and its relation with the estimated disease burden, is not available. This information would help understand the areas in health research that...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Yegnanarayana S Sivan, Mukkamala N Jyothi, VS Udaya Bhaskar and Rakhi Dandona

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:55

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Two contradictory hypotheses have been proposed to explain the relationship between allergic conditions and malignancies, the immune surveillance hypothesis and the antigenic stimulation hypothesis. The former...

    Authors: Karin C Söderberg, Lars Hagmar, Judith Schwartzbaum and Maria Feychting

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:51

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Absenteeism due to communicable illness is a major problem encountered by North American elementary school children. Although handwashing is a proven infection control measure, barriers exist in the school env...

    Authors: Emily Meadows and Nicole Le Saux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:50

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Male suicide rates continued to increase in Scotland when rates in England and Wales declined. Female rates decreased, but at a slower rate than in England and Wales. Previous work has suggested higher than av...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Paddy Hopkins, Diane Gibbs, Tracey Rapson, Alan Belbin and Alistair Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:49

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing prevalence of obesity and disorders associated with sedentary living constitute a major global public health problem. While previous evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity have i...

    Authors: Kate Williams, A Toby Prevost, Simon Griffin, Wendy Hardeman, William Hollingworth, David Spiegelhalter, Stephen Sutton, Ulf Ekelund, Nicholas Wareham and Ann Louise Kinmonth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:48

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Registration of the fact of death is almost complete in the city of Chennai and not so in the rural Villupuram district in Tamilnadu, India. The cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certi...

    Authors: Vendhan Gajalakshmi and Richard Peto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:47

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The knowledge of factors accurately predicting the long lasting sick leaves is sparse, but information on medical condition is believed to be necessary to identify persons at risk. Based on the current practic...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Olav Helge Førde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:46

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is particularly harmful to infectious disease management in low-income countries since expensive second-line drugs are not readily available. The objective of this study was to impleme...

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Davis SM Mwakagile, Willy K Urassa, Samwel Y Maselle, Marcellina Mashurano, Asbjørn Digranes, Stig Harthug and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:45

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The SF-36 is one of the most widely used self-completion measures of health status. The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics...

    Authors: Peter Butterworth and Timothy Crosier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:44

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking prevalence among gay men is twice that of population levels. A pilot community-level intervention was developed and evaluated aiming to meet UK Government cessation and cancer prevention targ...

    Authors: Richard Harding, James Bensley and Nick Corrigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:43

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Evidence on the relation between fear of war and mental health is insufficient. We carried out a prospective cohort study to find out whether fear of nuclear war is related to increased risk of common mental d...

    Authors: Kari Poikolainen, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mauri Marttunen and Jouko Lönnqvist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:42

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