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  1. Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for healthcare workers (HCWs) in order to reduce the morbidity associated with influenza in healthcare settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current va...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Samantha Bosis, Claudio Pelucchi, Elena Tremolati, Caterina Sabatini, Margherita Semino, Paola Marchisio, Francesco della Croce and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:422

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The negative impact of overweight (including obesity) and related treatment on children's and adolescents' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been shown in few specific samples thus far. We examined HR...

    Authors: Nora Wille, Michael Erhart, Christiane Petersen and Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:421

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The American Heart Association Position Statement on Cardiovascular Health Promotion in Public Schools encourages school-based interventions for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) through r...

    Authors: Joseph J Carlson, Joey C Eisenmann, Karin A Pfeiffer, Kathleen B Jager, Scott T Sehnert, Kimbo E Yee, Rita A Klavinski and Deborah L Feltz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:420

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. More research on factors associated with physical activity and the decline in participation during adolescence is needed. In this paper, we investigate the levels, change, and stability of physical activity du...

    Authors: Åse Sagatun, Elin Kolle, Sigmund A Anderssen, Magne Thoresen and Anne Johanne Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:419

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Child under-nutrition is a leading factor underlying child mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies from Uganda have reported impaired growth, but there have been few if any community-bas...

    Authors: Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Thorkild Tylleskär, Henry Wamani, Charles Karamagi and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:418

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tanzania is currently scaling-up access to anti-retro viral therapy (ART) to reach as many eligible persons as possible. Hepatitis viral co-infections are known to influence progression, management as well as ...

    Authors: Tumaini J Nagu, Muhammad Bakari and Mecky Matee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:416

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In order to better understand factors that influence decisions for public health, we undertook a qualitative study to explore issues relating to the time horizons used in decision-making.

    Authors: David C Taylor-Robinson, Beth Milton, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Martin O'Flaherty and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:415

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Young people below the age of 18, whose lives are affected by looking after a relative with a disability or long-term illness, are called young carers. Evidence based family oriented support for young carers a...

    Authors: Jörg große Schlarmann, Sabine Metzing-Blau and Wilfried Schnepp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:414

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Homeopathy is a highly debated but often used medical treatment. With this cohort study we aimed to evaluate health status changes under homeopathic treatment in routine care. Here we extend former results, no...

    Authors: Claudia M Witt, Rainer Lüdtke, Nils Mengler and Stefan N Willich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:413

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Prior studies on the impact of problem gambling in the family mainly include help-seeking populations with small numbers of participants. The objective of the present stratified probability sample study was to...

    Authors: Hanne Gro Wenzel, Anita Øren and Inger Johanne Bakken

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:412

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The prevalence of hypertension, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), is increasing in the developing countries and this may be connected with the economic transition in those countries. A...

    Authors: Chukwunonso ECC Ejike, Chidi E Ugwu, Lawrence US Ezeanyika and Ayo T Olayemi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:411

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the Netherlands, the first adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 2 as a result of obesity have recently been diagnosed. Therefore, it is very important that programs aiming at the prevention of type 2 dia...

    Authors: Geesje H Hofsteenge, Marijke JM Chinapaw, Peter JM Weijs, Maurits W van Tulder and Henriette A Delemarre-van de Waal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:410

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. In the developing world, access to small, individual loans has been variously hailed as a poverty-alleviation tool – in the context of "microcredit" – but has also been criticized as "usury" and harmful to vul...

    Authors: Lia CH Fernald, Rita Hamad, Dean Karlan, Emily J Ozer and Jonathan Zinman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:409

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Sexual abstinence is the best available option for preventing both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. Identifying the factors associated with sexual abstinence among youths woul...

    Authors: Alain K Koffi and Kazuo Kawahara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:408

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Drug therapy in high-risk individuals has been advocated as an important strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease in low income countries. We determined, in a low-income urban population, the proportion of pe...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Mashombo Mkamba, Marianna Balampama, Christian Lengeler and Fred Paccaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:407

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The tobacco control effort in Turkey has made significant progress in recent years. Turkey initiated its tobacco control effort with the passing of Law 4207 (The Prevention of Harmful Effects of Tobacco Produc...

    Authors: Toker Erguder, Banu Çakır, Dilek Aslan, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  17. Thailand ratified the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on November 8, 2004. The WHO FCTC requires all parties to inform all persons of the health consequences of t...

    Authors: Nithat Sirichotiratana, Chairat Techatraisakdi, Khalillur Rahman, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones, Samira Asma and Juliette Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  18. In 2004, Peru ratified the Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and in 2006 passed Law 28705 for tobacco consumption and exposure reduction. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey ...

    Authors: Alfonso Zavaleta, Maria Salas, Armando Peruga, Ana Luiza Curi Hallal, Charles W Warren, Nathan R Jones and Samira Asma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  19. Lack of physical activity is an important risk factor for overweight, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. In the Netherlands, ethnic minority groups are generally less physically act...

    Authors: Karen Hosper, Marije Deutekom and Prof Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:406

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Cutaneous injection-related infections (CIRI), such as abscesses and cellulitis, are common and preventable among injection drug users (IDU). However, risk factors for CIRI have not been well described in the ...

    Authors: Elisa Lloyd-Smith, Evan Wood, Ruth Zhang, Mark W Tyndall, Julio SG Montaner and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:405

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Increases in the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity have accelerated since the mid 1980s. Socio-economic status (SES)-adiposity relationships appear less clear in adolescence than childhood, and eviden...

    Authors: Helen Sweeting, Patrick West and Robert Young

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:404

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Random samples of 50-year-old men living in Gothenburg have been examined every 10th year since 1963 with a focus on cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the study were to acquire up-to-date information about...

    Authors: Lennart Welin, Annika Adlerberth, Kenneth Caidahl, Henry Eriksson, Per-Olof Hansson, Saga Johansson, Annika Rosengren, Kurt Svärdsudd, Catharina Welin and Lars Wilhelmsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:403

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is among the key HIV prevention strategies in Zimbabwe. A decrease in use of antenatal care (ANC) services with an increase in home deliveries is affec...

    Authors: Freddy Perez, Khin Devi Aung, Theresa Ndoro, Barbara Engelsmann and François Dabis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:401

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and other head and neck cancer (HNCA) types show a great epidemiological variation in different regions of the world. NPC has multifactorial etiology and many interacting risk fa...

    Authors: AS Abdulamir, RR Hafidh, N Abdulmuhaimen, F Abubakar and KA Abbas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:400

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Limited data are available on the development, implementation and evaluation processes of physical activity promotion programmes among older adults. More integrative insights into interventions describing the ...

    Authors: Maartje M van Stralen, Gerjo Kok, Hein de Vries, Aart N Mudde, Catherine Bolman and Lilian Lechner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:399

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The Pearl River Origin area, Qujing District of Yunnan Province, has one of the highest female lung cancer mortality rates in China. Smoking was excluded as a cause of the lung cancer excess because almost all...

    Authors: Linwei Tian, Shifeng Dai, Jianfang Wang, Yunchao Huang, Suzanne C Ho, Yiping Zhou, Donald Lucas and Catherine P Koshland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Food prepared away from home has become increasingly popular to U.S. families, and may contribute to obesity. Sales have been dominated by fast food outlets, where meals are purchased for dining away from home...

    Authors: Jennifer S Creel, Joseph R Sharkey, Alex McIntosh, Jenna Anding and J Charles Huber Jr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:395

    Content type: Research article

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  28. China will experience an overall growth and aging of its adult population in coming decades. We used a computer model to forecast the future impact of these demographic changes on coronary heart disease (CHD) ...

    Authors: Andrew Moran, Dong Zhao, Dongfeng Gu, Pamela Coxson, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jun Cheng, Jing Liu, Jiang He and Lee Goldman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:394

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Chlamydia trachomatis infection (CTI) is the most frequent sexual transmitted disease (STI) in Switzerland but its prevalence in undocumented migrants is unknown. We aimed to compare CTI prevalence among undoc...

    Authors: Hans Wolff, Ana Lourenço, Patrick Bodenmann, Manuella Epiney, Monique Uny, Nicole Andreoli, Olivier Irion, Jean-Michel Gaspoz and Jean-Bernard Dubuisson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:391

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Legionnaires' disease continues to be a public health concern in passenger ships. This study was scheduled in order to investigate Legionella spp. colonization of water distribution systems (WDS), recreational po...

    Authors: Georgia Goutziana, Varvara A Mouchtouri, Maria Karanika, Antonios Kavagias, Nikolaos E Stathakis, Kostantinos Gourgoulianis, Jenny Kremastinou and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:390

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Over the past two decades, the prevalence of overweight or obesity has increased in China. The aims of this study were to firstly assess the baseline prevelences and the risk factors for overweight and obesity...

    Authors: Xuhong Hou, Weiping Jia, Yuqian Bao, Huijuan Lu, Shan Jiang, Yuhua Zuo, Huilin Gu and Kunsan Xiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:389

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The SPEEDY study was set up to quantify levels of physical activity (PA) and dietary habits and the association with potential correlates in 9–10 year old British school children. We present here the analyses ...

    Authors: Esther MF van Sluijs, Paula ML Skidmore, Kim Mwanza, Andrew P Jones, Alison M Callaghan, Ulf Ekelund, Flo Harrison, Ian Harvey, Jenna Panter, Nicolas J Wareham, Aedin Cassidy and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:388

    Content type: Research article

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  33. High participation rates are needed to ensure that breast cancer screening programs effectively reduce mortality. We identified the determinants of non-participation in a public breast cancer screening program.

    Authors: Magdalena Esteva, Joana Ripoll, Alfonso Leiva, Carmen Sánchez-Contador and Francisca Collado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:387

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The optimum age for measles vaccination varies from country to country and thus a standardized vaccination schedule is controversial. While the increase in measles vaccination coverage has produced significant...

    Authors: Jagrati V Jani, Carol Holm-Hansen, Tufária Mussá, Arlinda Zango, Ivan Manhiça, Gunnar Bjune and Ilesh V Jani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:386

    Content type: Research article

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  35. HIV and HIV-TB co-infection are slowly increasing in Indonesia. WHO recommends HIV testing among TB patients as a key response to the dual HIV-TB epidemic. Concerns over potential negative impacts to TB contro...

    Authors: Yodi Mahendradhata, Riris Andono Ahmad, Pierre Lefèvre, Marleen Boelaert and Patrick Van der Stuyft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:385

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In aging populations, the prevalence of multimorbidity is high, and the role of socioeconomic status and its correlates is not well described. Thus, we investigated the association between educational attainme...

    Authors: Gabriele Nagel, Richard Peter, Stefanie Braig, Silke Hermann, Sabine Rohrmann and Jakob Linseisen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:384

    Content type: Research article

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  37. An examination of where in the income distribution income is most strongly associated with risk of mortality will provide guidance for identifying the most critical pathways underlying the connections between ...

    Authors: David H Rehkopf, Lisa F Berkman, Brent Coull and Nancy Krieger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:383

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Collaborations are important to health promotion in addressing multi-party problems. Interest in collaborative processes in health promotion is rising, but still lacks monitoring instruments. The authors devel...

    Authors: Mariken TW Leurs, Ingrid M Mur-Veeman, Rosalie van der Sar, Herman P Schaalma and Nanne K de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:382

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Childhood immunization is a cost effective public health strategy. Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) services have been provided in a rural Nigerian community (Sabongidda-Ora, Edo State) at no cost to t...

    Authors: Olumuyiwa O Odusanya, Ewan F Alufohai, Francois P Meurice and Vincent I Ahonkhai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:381

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Doctors and patients hold varying beliefs concerning illness and treatment. Patients' and families' explanatory models (EMs) vary according to personality and sociocultural factors. In a multi-ethnic society, ...

    Authors: QM van Dellen, WMC van Aalderen, PJE Bindels, FG Öry, J Bruil and K Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:380

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Licensing Act 2003 (The Act) was implemented on the 24th November 2005 across England and Wales. The Act allowed more flexible and longer opening hours for licensed premises. We investigated the effect of ...

    Authors: AJ Durnford, TJ Perkins and JM Perry

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:379

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Racial and ethnic disparities in cervical cancer screening have been attributed to socioeconomic, insurance, and cultural differences. Our objective was to explore racial and ethnic differences in adherence to...

    Authors: Joseph S Ross, Marcella Nuñez-Smith, Beverly A Forsyth and Julie R Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:378

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Since the 9/11 attack and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the development of qualified and able public health leaders has become a new urgency in building the infrastructure needed to address public ...

    Authors: Chongjian Wang, Sheng Wei, Hao Xiang, Jing Wu, Yihua Xu, Li Liu and Shaofa Nie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:377

    Content type: Research article

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