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  1. Content type: Research article

    A monthly time series of measles case notifications exists for Italy from 1949 onwards, although its usefulness is seriously undermined by extensive under-reporting which varies strikingly between regions, giv...

    Authors: John R Williams, Piero Manfredi, Alisa R Butler, Marta Ciofi degli Atti and Stefania Salmaso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:23

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Data relating to hospital admissions of very young children for wheezing illness have been conflicting. Our primary aim was to assess whether a previous increase in hospital admissions for lower respiratory il...

    Authors: Ove Björ and Lennart Bråbäck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:22

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The role of water hardness as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease has been widely investigated and evaluated as regards regional differences in cardiovascular disease. This study was performed to evaluate...

    Authors: Christina Nerbrand, Lars Agréus, Ragnhild Arvidsson Lenner, Per Nyberg and Kurt Svärdsudd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:21

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The United States is implementing plans to immunize 500,000 hospital-based healthcare workers against smallpox. Vaccination is voluntary, and it is unknown what factors drive vaccine acceptance. This study's a...

    Authors: W Katherine Yih, Tracy A Lieu, Virginia H Rêgo, Megan A O'Brien, David K Shay, Deborah S Yokoe and Richard Platt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:20

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Long-term sick leave has been of concern to politicians and decision-makers in Norway for several years. In the current study we assess the feasibility and effectiveness of offering a voluntary, solution-focus...

    Authors: Pål Nystuen and Kåre B Hagen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:19

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Adult vaccination status may be difficult to obtain, often requiring providers to rely on individual patient recall. To determine vaccination status awareness and the sociodemographic predictors of awareness f...

    Authors: Chung-Yol Lee, Claudine Naguel, Danielle Gyurech, Nicole Duvoisin and Julian Schilling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The results of a qualitative study carried out in four developing countries (Cuba, Thailand, Saudi Arabia and Argentina) are presented. The study was conducted in the context of a randomised controlled trial t...

    Authors: Gustavo Nigenda, Ana Langer, Chusri Kuchaisit, Mariana Romero, Georgina Rojas, Muneera Al-Osimy, José Villar, Jo Garcia, Yagob Al-Mazrou, Hassan Ba'aqeel, Guillermo Carroli, Ubaldo Farnot, Pisake Lumbiganon, José Belizán, Per Bergsjo, Leiv Bakketeig…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:17

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  8. Content type: Research article

    While physicians are key to primary preventive care, their delivery rate is sub-optimal. Assessment of physician beliefs is integral to understanding current behavior and the conceptualization of strategies to...

    Authors: Amy L Mirand, Gregory P Beehler, Christina L Kuo and Martin C Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:15

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Noroviruses are the most common cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in industrialised countries. Gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus infection has been described as a highly seasonal syndrome, often referred to...

    Authors: Ben A Lopman, Mark Reacher, Chris Gallimore, Goutam K Adak, Jim J Gray and David WG Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:13

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidiosis, caused by Cryptosporidium, is an enteric illness that has received much attention as an infection of immunocompromised persons as well as in community outbreaks (frequently waterborne). There a...

    Authors: Asheena Khalakdina, Duc J Vugia, Joelle Nadle, Gretchen A Rothrock and John M Colford Jr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:11

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this report is to describe the main characteristics of the design, including response rates, of the Cornella Health Interview Survey Follow-up Study.

    Authors: Montse Garcia, Anna Schiaffino, Esteve Fernandez, Merce Marti, Esteve Salto, Gloria Perez, Merce Peris, Carme Borrell, F Javier Nieto and Josep Maria Borras

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:12

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To compare the predictive validity of the demand/control and reward/imbalance models, alone and in combination with each other, for self-reported health status and the self-reported presence of any chronic dis...

    Authors: Aleck S Ostry, Shona Kelly, Paul A Demers, Cameron Mustard and Clyde Hertzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:10

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study examines variations in breast cancer screening among primary care clinicians by geographic location of clinical practice.

    Authors: Lisa M Santora, Martin C Mahoney, Silvana Lawvere, Jessica J Englert, Andrew B Symons and Amy L Mirand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:9

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the influence of the site of research or publication on the impact of the research findings on clinical practice, particularly in developing countries. The International Clinical Epidemio...

    Authors: John Page, Richard F Heller, Scott Kinlay, Lynette L-Y Lim, Wang Qian, Zheng Suping, Supornchai Kongpatanakul, Murtaza Akhtar, Salah Khedr and William Macharia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:6

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rhinovirus, the most common cause of upper respiratory tract infections, has been implicated in asthma exacerbations and possibly asthma deaths. Although the method of transmission of rhinoviruses is disputed,...

    Authors: Theodore A Myatt, Sebastian L Johnston, Stephen Rudnick and Donald K Milton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:5

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to determine whether Gulf war veterans and their partners are at increased risk of adverse reproductive events and whether their children have increased risk of serious health problems...

    Authors: Noreen Maconochie, Pat Doyle, Graham Davies, Samantha Lewis, Margo Pelerin, Susan Prior and Patrick Sampson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:4

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Recent data indicate increasing rates of adult obesity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Greece. No data, however, are available on prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to CVD risk...

    Authors: George Bertsias, Ioannis Mammas, Manolis Linardakis and Anthony Kafatos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:3

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Cryptosporidium parvum causes a prolonged, severe diarrheal illness to which there is no effective treatment, and the risk of developing cryptosporidiosi...

    Authors: Tomás J Aragón, Suzanne Novotny, Wayne Enanoria, Duc J Vugia, Asheena Khalakdina and Mitchell H Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2003 3:2

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and partners are collaborating to eradicate poliomyelitis. To monitor progress, countries perform surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The WHO African Regional Of...

    Authors: Peter Nsubuga, Sharon McDonnell, Bradley Perkins, Roland Sutter, Linda Quick, Mark White, Stephen Cochi and Mac Otten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:27

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Despite international efforts to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection through global vaccination programs, new cases are still being reported throughout the world.

    Authors: Lia L Lewis-Ximenez, Kycia MR do Ó, Cleber F Ginuino, Jucimara C Silva, Hermann G Schatzmayr, Sherri Stuver and Clara FT Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:26

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In the United States, infant mortality rates remain more than twice as high for African Americans as compared to other racial groups. Lack of adherence to prenatal care schedules in vulnerable, hard to reach, ...

    Authors: Renee Milligan, Barbara K Wingrove, Leslie Richards, Margaret Rodan, Lillie Monroe-Lord, Velishie Jackson, Barbara Hatcher, Cynthia Harris, Cassandra Henderson and Allan A Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:25

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bulgaria's official stroke mortality rates are higher for rural than urban areas. Official mortality data has indicated that these rates are amongst the highest in Europe. There has been a lack of studies meas...

    Authors: John Powles, Philip Kirov, Nevijana Feschieva, Marin Stanoev and Virginia Atanasova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:24

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Even though the annual incidence rate of measles has dramatically decreased in industrialised countries since the implementation of universal immunisation programmes, cases continue to occur in countries where...

    Authors: Hélène Carabin, W John Edmunds, Ulla Kou, Susan van den Hof and Van Hung Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:22

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Occupational reaction to natural rubber latex (NRL) glove use by healthcare employees has been an area of increasing concern. Unfortunately, there is little data demonstrating the prevalence and severity of ac...

    Authors: Irwin B Horwitz, John Kammeyer-Mueller and Brian P McCall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:21

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Determinants of ill-health have been studied far more than determinants of good and improving health. Health promotion measures are important even among individuals with chronic diseases. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Göran Ejlertsson, Lena Edén and Ido Leden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:20

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Experimental evidences suggest an increased collagen deposition in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In particular, large amounts of collagen type I, III and V have been described and correlated to the develo...

    Authors: Ugo Cioffi, Michele M Ciulla, Matilde De Simone, Roberta Paliotti, Alberto Pierini, Fabio Magrini, Fiorenzo Botti and Ettore Contessini-Avesani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:19

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Regular use of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been consistently associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma, and there is some evidence for a protective ...

    Authors: Ravi J Menezes, Kenneth R Huber, Martin C Mahoney and Kirsten B Moysich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:18

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  28. Content type: Hypothesis

    All current UK indices of socio-economic status have inherent problems, especially those used to govern resource allocation to the health sphere. The search for improved markers continues: this study proposes ...

    Authors: Norman R Beale, Gordon J Taylor and Dawn MK Straker-Cook

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:17

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  29. Content type: Research article

    A practice intervention must have its basis in an understanding of the physician and practice to secure its benefit and relevancy. We used a formative process to characterize primary care physician attitudes, ...

    Authors: Amy L Mirand, Gregory P Beehler, Christina L Kuo and Martin C Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:16

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Self-administered computer-assisted blood donor screening strategies may elicit more accurate responses and improve the screening process.

    Authors: John W Sellors, Robert Hayward, Graham Swanson, Anita Ali, R Brian Haynes, Ronald Bourque, Karen-Ann Moore, Lynne Lohfeld, Dawn Dalby and Michelle Howard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    A typical purification system that provides purified water which meets ionic and organic chemical standards, must be protected from microbial proliferation to minimize cross-contamination for use in cleaning a...

    Authors: Vessoni Thereza Christina Penna, Silva Alzira Maria Martins and Priscila Gava Mazzola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:13

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The main purpose of the study was to quantify the direct costs of oral cancer treatment to the healthcare system of Greece. Another aim was to identify factors that affect costs and potential cost reduction it...

    Authors: Athanasios Zavras, Nikos Andreopoulos, Nikos Katsikeris, Dimitrios Zavras, Vassiliki Cartsos and Athanasios Vamvakidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:12

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Fertilisation of land with processed sewage sludges, which often contain low levels of pathogens, endotoxins, and trace amounts of industrial and household chemicals, has become common practice in Western Euro...

    Authors: David L Lewis, David K Gattie, Marc E Novak, Susan Sanchez and Charles Pumphrey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:11

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Very low birthweight, i.e. a birthweight < 1500 g, is among the strongest determinants of infant mortality and childhood morbidity. To develop primary prevention approaches to VLBW birth and its sequelae, info...

    Authors: Ingrid Grimmer, Christoph Bührer, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Andrea Stroux, Horst Reiher, Horst Halle and Michael Obladen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:10

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between secondhand smoke and the risk of developing a first event of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), i.e. acute myocardial infarction or unstable an...

    Authors: Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Christos Pitsavos, Ioanna Papaioannou, John Skoumas, Christodoulos Stefanadis and Pavlos Toutouzas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:9

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In the city of Chennai, India, registration of the fact of death is almost complete but the cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certificate. A special verbal autopsy (VA) study of 48 000...

    Authors: Vendhan Gajalakshmi, Richard Peto, Santhanakrishnan Kanaka and Sivagurunathan Balasubramanian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:7

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  37. Content type: Research article

    An earthquake in the coffee growing region of Colombia on January 25, 1999 destroyed 70% of the houses in Armenia city. Transitory housing camps still remained until two years after the disaster. Parasitologic...

    Authors: Fabiana Lora-Suarez, Carolina Marin-Vasquez, Nelsy Loango, Martha Gallego, Elizabeth Torres, Maria Mercedes Gonzalez, Jhon Carlos Castaño-Osorio and Jorge Enrique Gómez-Marín

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:5

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The loss of participants in longitudinal studies due to non-contact, refusal or death can introduce bias into the results of such studies. The study described here examines reasons for refusal over three waves...

    Authors: Patricia A Jacomb, Anthony F Jorm, Ailsa E Korten, Helen Christensen and A Scott Henderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:4

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  39. Content type: Debate

    Before 1991, the infectious diseases surveillance systems (IDSS) of the former Soviet Union (FSU) were centrally planned in Moscow. The dissolution of the FSU resulted in economic stresses on public health inf...

    Authors: Tadesse Wuhib, Terence L Chorba, Vladimir Davidiants, William R Mac Kenzie and Scott JN McNabb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:3

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Because both public health surveillance and action are crucial, the authors initiated meetings at regional and national levels to assess and reform surveillance and action systems. These meetings emphasized im...

    Authors: Scott JN McNabb, Stella Chungong, Mike Ryan, Tadesse Wuhib, Peter Nsubuga, Wondi Alemu, Vilma Carande-Kulis and Guenael Rodier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:2

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Race is commonly described in epidemiological surveys based on phenotypic characteristics. Training of interviewers to identify race is time-consuming and self identification of race might be difficult to inte...

    Authors: Sandra C Fuchs, Sylvia M Guimarães, Cristine Sortica, Fernanda Wainberg, Karine O Dias, Mariana Ughini, José Augusto S Castro and Flavio D Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2002 2:1

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