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Page 253 of 278

  1. Content type: Research article

    The belief that adolescents engaged in sports increase their overall physical activity level while simultaneously decreasing physical inactivity has been the foundation of many intervention programs in develop...

    Authors: Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque, Mathias Roberto Loch and Arli Ramos de Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:329

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation have not been adequately tested in pregnancy and women are reluctant to use them. Behavioural support alone has a modest effect on cessation rates; therefore, more effec...

    Authors: Michael Ussher, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Lianne Straus, Robert West, Bess Marcus, Beth Lewis and Isaac Manyonda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:328

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The workplace is an ideal setting for health promotion. Helping employees to be more physically active can not only improve their physical and mental health, but can also have economic benefits such as reduced...

    Authors: Rosemary RC McEachan, Rebecca J Lawton, Cath Jackson, Mark Conner and Jennifer Lunt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:326

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  4. Content type: Research article

    There is a demand for strategies to promote smoking cessation in high-risk populations like smoking pregnant women and their partners. The objectives of this study were to investigate parental smoking behaviou...

    Authors: Torbjørn Øien, Ola Storrø, Jon A Jenssen and Roar Johnsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:325

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Central body fat is a better predictor than overall body fat for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in both adults and children. Waist circumference (WC) has been used as a proxy measure of central body fat. Chi...

    Authors: Rita YT Sung, Hung-Kwan So, Kai-Chow Choi, Edmund AS Nelson, Albert M Li, Jane AT Yin, Charlotte WL Kwok, Pak-Cheung Ng and Tai-Fai Fok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:324

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  6. Content type: Research article

    A change in pattern of tobacco use has been observed in the last decade in Norway. Snuff use and occasional smoking have to some degree replaced daily smoking among adolescents and young adults. Daily smoking ...

    Authors: Liv Grotvedt, Hein Stigum, Ragnhild Hovengen and Sidsel Graff-Iversen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:322

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Malaria transmission in Ethiopia is unstable and seasonal, with the majority of the country's population living in malaria-prone areas. Results from DHS 2005 indicate that the coverage of key malaria intervent...

    Authors: Estifanos B Shargie, Teshome Gebre, Jeremiah Ngondi, Patricia M Graves, Aryc W Mosher, Paul M Emerson, Yeshewamebrat Ejigsemahu, Tekola Endeshaw, Dereje Olana, Asrat WeldeMeskel, Admas Teferra, Zerihun Tadesse, Abate Tilahun, Gedeon Yohannes and Frank O Richards Jr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:321

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Large population growth surveys of children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 y were undertaken in Hong Kong in 1963 and 1993. The global epidemic of obesity is a major public health concern. To monitor the impact ...

    Authors: Hung-Kwan So, Edmund AS Nelson, Albert M Li, Eric MC Wong, Joseph TF Lau, Georgia S Guldan, Kwok-Hang Mak, Youfa Wang, Tai-Fai Fok and Rita YT Sung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:320

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Hospital preparedness is critical for the early detection and management of public health emergency (PHE). Understanding the current status of PHE preparedness is the first step in planning to enhance hospital...

    Authors: Xingming Li, Jianshi Huang and Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:319

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Screening programmes should be organized to translate theoretical efficacy into effectiveness. An evidence-based organizational model of colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) should assure feasibility and high co...

    Authors: Antonio Federici, Alessandra Barca, Diego Baiocchi, Francesco Quadrino, Sabrina Valle, Piero Borgia, Gabriella Guasticchi and Paolo Giorgi Rossi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:318

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Malaria is still a leading child killer in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, access to prompt and effective malaria treatment, a mainstay of any malaria control strategy, is sub-optimal in many settings. Little is know...

    Authors: Manuel W Hetzel, Brigit Obrist, Christian Lengeler, June J Msechu, Rose Nathan, Angel Dillip, Ahmed M Makemba, Christopher Mshana, Alexander Schulze and Hassan Mshinda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:317

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    To respond to the rapid surge in the incidence of suicide in Japan, which appears to be an ongoing trend, the Japanese Multimodal Intervention Trials for Suicide Prevention (J-MISP) have launched a multimodal ...

    Authors: Yutaka Ono, Shuichi Awata, Hideharu Iida, Yasushi Ishida, Naoki Ishizuka, Hiroto Iwasa, Yuichi Kamei, Yutaka Motohashi, Atsuo Nakagawa, Jun Nakamura, Nobuyuki Nishi, Kotaro Otsuka, Hirofumi Oyama, Akio Sakai, Hironori Sakai, Yuriko Suzuki…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:315

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  13. Content type: Correspondence

    There is sustained interest in public health circles in assessing the effects of policies on health and health inequalities. We report on the theory, methods and findings of a project which involved an apprais...

    Authors: Mark Petticrew, Stephen Platt, Allyson McCollam, Sarah Wilson and Sian Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:314

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Data about the predictors of smoking among adolescents in Greece are sparse. We tried to identify factors associated with current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in Greece in the context of GYTS ...

    Authors: George Rachiotis, Adamson S Muula, Emmanuel Rudatsikira, Seter Siziya, Athina Kyrlesi, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:313

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In general men tend to drink more alcohol and experience more alcohol-related sickness, injuries and mortality than women. In this paper, the overall hypothesis was that increased gender similarity in the divi...

    Authors: Anna Månsdotter, Mona Backhans and Johan Hallqvist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:312

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The 2007 Wanless report highlights the ever increasing problem of obesity and the consequent health problems. Obesity is a significant cause of diabetes. An increasing evidence base suggests that in terms of r...

    Authors: Nicola F Weaver, Louise Hayes, Nigel C Unwin and Madeleine J Murtagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:311

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  17. Content type: Research article

    An increasing number of persons suffer from non-specific health symptoms such as headache, sleep disturbances, difficulties in concentrating and more. In lack of a medical explanation, more and more persons ta...

    Authors: Joerg Schröttner and Norbert Leitgeb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:310

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural differences in the frequency of fish intake and in motivations for fish consumption between people from households with (CVD+) or without (CVD-) medi...

    Authors: Zuzanna Pieniak, Wim Verbeke, Federico Perez-Cueto, Karen Brunsø and Stefaan De Henauw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:306

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Latinos are a fast growing segment of the U.S. health care population. Acculturation factors, including English fluency, result in an ethnic group heterogeneous with regard to SES, health practices, and health...

    Authors: Nancy P Gordon and Carlos Iribarren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:305

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Abundant literature supports the beneficial effects of physical activity for improving health of people with chronic diseases. The relationship between multimorbidity and physical activity levels, however, has...

    Authors: Catherine Hudon, Hassan Soubhi and Martin Fortin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:304

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  21. Content type: Research article

    To clarify the nature of the relationship between food deprivation/undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, this study examined the relationship betw...

    Authors: Rosemary F Head, Mark S Gilthorpe, Allyson Byrom and George TH Ellison

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:303

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  22. Content type: Research article

    With surveys suggesting that exceeding guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol intake is commonplace, the health and social impact of modifying intake on a population level is potentially considerable. If public hea...

    Authors: G David Batty, Heather Lewars, Carol Emslie, Michaela Benzeval and Kate Hunt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:302

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The present study was performed to assess, beyond socio-economic factors, independent associations between the health and nutritional status of children under 5 years old and (1) family behavioural factors rel...

    Authors: Taufiq Mashal, Takehito Takano, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki, Shafiqullah Hemat, Masafumi Watanabe and Kaoruko Seino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:301

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Using the Internet to seek health information is becoming more common. Its consequences on health care utilisation are hardly known in the general population, in particular among children whose parents seek he...

    Authors: Gauthier Bouche and Virginie Migeot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:300

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Reliable studies of the incidence and characteristics of medical end-of-life decisions with a certain or possible life shortening effect (ELDs) are indispensable for an evidence-based medical and societal deba...

    Authors: Kenneth Chambaere, Johan Bilsen, Joachim Cohen, Geert Pousset, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Freddy Mortier and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:299

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Helping the large number of problem drinkers who will never seek treatment is a challenging issue. Public health initiatives employing educational materials or mass media campaigns have met with mixed success....

    Authors: John A Cunningham, Clayton Neighbors, Cameron Wild and Keith Humphreys

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:298

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mortality differences at national level can generate hypothesis on possible causal association that could be further investigated. The aim of the present study was to identify regions with high mortality rates...

    Authors: Panagiotis Papastergiou, George Rachiotis, Konstantina Polyzou, Christos Zilidis and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:297

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent symptom in middle-aged women, but data on incidence is limited and rarely reported. In order to analyze incidence, remission, or development patterns of severity and ty...

    Authors: David Jahanlu, Samera Azeem Qureshi and Steinar Hunskaar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:296

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  29. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevalence in north-east India is high and injecting drug use (IDU) is common. Due to HIV-related deaths there are increasing numbers of IDU widows, many of whom are HIV infected, and experiencing poor hea...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Alexandra Devine, Prabha Chandra, Bernice Dzuvichu, Thomhood Gilbert and Helen Herrman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:294

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The process of seeking asylum and the related organisational conditions in the host country may adversely affect the children's mental health. The objective of this study was to examine the mental health of ch...

    Authors: Signe S Nielsen, Marie Norredam, Karen L Christiansen, Carsten Obel, Jørgen Hilden and Allan Krasnik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:293

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Health related quality of life (HRQL) is a research topic that has attracted increasing interests around the world over the past two decades. The 36-item Short Form (SF-36) is a commonly used instrument for me...

    Authors: Rui Wang, Cheng Wu, Yanfang Zhao, Xiaoyan Yan, Xiuqiang Ma, Meijing Wu, Wenbin Liu, Zheng Gu, June Zhao and Jia He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:292

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Since it is essential to maintain a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness to prevent life-style related disease, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan in 2006 proposed to determine the maximal ...

    Authors: Masae Miyatani, Hiroshi Kawano, Kei Masani, Yuko Gando, Kenta Yamamoto, Michiya Tanimoto, Taewoong Oh, Chiyoko Usui, Kiyoshi Sanada, Mitsuru Higuchi, Izumi Tabata and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:291

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent neck/shoulder pain (NSP) is a common and sometimes debilitating problem. Several risk factors for this condition have been investigated, but no studies have previously evaluated associations between...

    Authors: Mark C Perry, Leon M Straker, Peter B O'Sullivan, Anne J Smith and Beth Hands

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:290

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  34. Content type: Research article

    It has long been evident that there is an association between alcohol use and risk of tuberculosis. It has not been established to what extent this association is confounded by social and other factors related...

    Authors: Knut Lönnroth, Brian G Williams, Stephanie Stadlin, Ernesto Jaramillo and Christopher Dye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:289

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study sought to ascertain whether there might be excess lung cancer mortality among the population residing in the vicinity of Spanish paper and board industries which report their emissions to the Europe...

    Authors: Susana Monge-Corella, Javier García-Pérez, Nuria Aragonés, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez and Gonzalo López-Abente

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:288

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  36. Content type: Research article

    As in other Western countries, the number of immigrants in the Netherlands is growing rapidly. In 1980 non-western immigrants constituted about 3% of the population, in 1990 it was 6% and currently it is more ...

    Authors: Loes C Lanting, Aart H Bootsma, Steven WJ Lamberts, Johan P Mackenbach and Inez MA Joung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:287

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Information on the HIV and AIDS-related knowledge among dental students provides a crucial foundation for efforts aimed at developing an appropriate dental curriculum on HIV and AIDS, and for attracting the at...

    Authors: Elwalid Fadul Nasir, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Jamil David and Rouf Wahab Ali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:286

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Demographic ageing, and the health transition will soon lead to large increases in the number of dependent older people in low and middle income countries. Despite its importance, this topic has not previously...

    Authors: Daisy Acosta, Ruth Rottbeck, Guillermina Rodríguez, Cleusa P Ferri and Martin J Prince

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:285

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Trust as a measure of social capital has been documented to be associated with health. Mediating factors for this association are not well investigated. Harmful alcohol consumption is believed to be one of the...

    Authors: Johanna Ahnquist, Martin Lindström and Sarah P Wamala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:283

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is one of the greatest challenges in primary health care. The BMI describes fat mass and waist circumference (WC) fat distribution and total metabolic and cardiovascular risk. It was aim of the present...

    Authors: Hans Hauner, Peter Bramlage, Christian Lösch, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Heribert Schunkert, Jürgen Wasem, Karl-Heinz Jöckel and Susanne Moebus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:282

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Preventive activities carried out in primary care have important variability that makes necessary to know which factors have an impact in order to establish future strategies for improvement. The present study...

    Authors: Bonaventura Bolíbar, Clara Pareja, M Pilar Astier-Peña, Julio Morán, Teresa Rodríguez-Blanco, Magdalena Rosell-Murphy, Manuel Iglesias, Sebastián Juncosa, Juanjo Mascort, Concepció Violan, Rosa Magallón and Javier Apezteguia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:281

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