Skip to main content



Page 253 of 272

  1. Content type: Research article

    Poisoning is a significant public health problem worldwide and is one of the most common reasons for visiting emergency departments (EDs), but factors that help to predict overall poisoning-related fatality ha...

    Authors: Hsin-Ling Lee, Hung-Jung Lin, Steve Ting-Yuan Yeh, Chih-Hsien Chi and How-Ran Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:7

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Physician advice is an important motivator for attempting to stop smoking. However, physicians' lack of intervention with smokers has only modestly improved in the last decade. Although the literature includes...

    Authors: Francisco G Soto Mas, Héctor G Balcázar, Julia Valderrama Alberola and Chiehwen Ed Hsu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:5

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the ...

    Authors: Virginia A Paul-Ebhohimhen, Amudha Poobalan and Edwin R van Teijlingen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:4

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Smoking prevalence differs significantly across Europe. In addition, there are considerable differences in tobacco control activities across European countries. The relationship between prevalence and policy i...

    Authors: Jochen René Thyrian, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Robert West, Witold Zatonski and Ulrich John

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:2

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Of all workers in Dutch construction industry, 20% has an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). A major risk factor for CVD risk is an unhealthy lifestyle. The aim of our study is to design a lifestyl...

    Authors: Iris F Groeneveld, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek, Cor van Duivenbooden and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:1

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Different groups of viruses have been shown to be responsible for acute diarrhea among children during their first few years of life. Epidemiological knowledge of viral agents is critical for the development o...

    Authors: Sabrina J Moyo, Njolstad Gro, Vainio Kirsti, Mecky I Matee, Jesse Kitundu, Samwel Y Maselle, Nina Langeland and Helge Myrmel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:359

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Health is vital to a child's learning in school and success in life. Therefore, early physical examination, and follow-up if necessary, would bring parents' attention to their child's health and would likely i...

    Authors: Rea-Jeng Yang, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Huey-Shys Chen, Kuan-Chia Lin and Hsiu-Li Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:358

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPTB) accounts for 30% of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) cases reported annually in developing nations. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) may provide an alternative for the ...

    Authors: Luciene Cardoso Scherer, Rosa Dea Sperhacke, Carla Jarczewski, Patrícia I Cafrune, Simone Minghelli, Marta Osório Ribeiro, Fernanda CQ Mello, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Maria LR Rossetti and Afrânio L Kritski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:356

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Fecal incontinence (FI) is defined as the recurrent involuntary excretion of feces in inappropriate places or at inappropriate times. It is a major and highly embarrassing health care problem which affects abo...

    Authors: Esther MJ Bols, Bary CM Berghmans, Erik JM Hendriks, Rob A de Bie, Jarno Melenhorst, Wim G van Gemert and Cor GMI Baeten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:355

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to explore the agreement among World Health Organization (WHO), European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance (EGIR), National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), American College of Endocrinol...

    Authors: Ahmet Selcuk Can and Thomas P Bersot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:353

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Crete has been of great epidemiological interest ever since the publication of the Seven Countries Study. In 1988 a well-defined area of rural Crete was studied, with only scarce signs of coronary heart diseas...

    Authors: Ioannis K Karalis, Athanasios K Alegakis, Antonios G Kafatos, Antonios D Koutis, Panos E Vardas and Christos D Lionis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:351

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Most new HIV infections in Africa are acquired from cohabiting heterosexual partners. Couples' Voluntary Counselling and Testing (CVCT) is an effective prevention strategy for this group. We present our experi...

    Authors: Susan Allen, Etienne Karita, Elwyn Chomba, David L Roth, Joseph Telfair, Isaac Zulu, Leslie Clark, Nzali Kancheya, Martha Conkling, Rob Stephenson, Brigitte Bekan, Katherine Kimbrell, Steven Dunham, Faith Henderson, Moses Sinkala, Michel Carael…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:349

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Study protocol

    The early diagnosis of atherosclerotic disease is essential for developing preventive strategies in populations at high risk and acting when the disease is still asymptomatic. A low ankle-arm index (AAI) is a ...

    Authors: María Teresa Alzamora, José Miguel Baena-Díez, Marta Sorribes, Rosa Forés, Pere Toran, Marisa Vicheto, Guillem Pera, María Dolores Reina, Carlos Albaladejo, Judith Llussà, Magda Bundó, Amparo Sancho, Antonio Heras, Joan Rubiés and Juan Francisco Arenillas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:348

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety symptoms are relatively common among children and adolescents and can interfere with functioning. The prevalence of anxiety and the relationship between anxiety and school performance were examined amo...

    Authors: Luigi Mazzone, Francesca Ducci, Maria Cristina Scoto, Eleonora Passaniti, Valentina Genitori D'Arrigo and Benedetto Vitiello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:347

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Correspondence

    The benefits of genomics and biotechnology are concentrated primarily in the industrialized world, while their potential to combat neglected diseases in the developing world has been largely untapped. Without ...

    Authors: Abdallah S Daar, Kathryn Berndtson, Deepa L Persad and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:346

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    In Mexico, as in other developing countries, micronutrient deficiencies are common in infants between 6 and 24 months of age and are an important public health problem. The objective of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Ximena Duque, Sergio Flores-Hernández, Samuel Flores-Huerta, Ignacio Méndez-Ramírez, Sergio Muñoz, Bernardo Turnbull, Gloria Martínez-Andrade, Rosa I Ramos, Marco González-Unzaga, María E Mendoza and Homero Martínez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:345

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Correspondence

    It is thought that excessive alcohol consumption is related to the high mortality among working age men in Russia. Moreover it has been suggested that alcohol is a key proximate driver of the very sharp fluctu...

    Authors: Susannah Tomkins, Vladimir Shkolnikov, Evgueni Andreev, Nikolay Kiryanov, David A Leon, Martin McKee and Lyudmila Saburova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:343

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections affect child health and development and slow down growth, while reducing adults' productivity and work capacity. The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the in...

    Authors: İpek Östan, Ali A Kilimcioğlu, Nogay Girginkardeşler, Beyhan C Özyurt, M Emin Limoncu and Ülgen Z Ok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:342

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Invasive cervical cancer is the commonest cause of cancer morbidity and mortality in South African women. This study provides information on adult women's sexual activity and cervical cancer risk in South Africa.

    Authors: Diane Cooper, Margaret Hoffman, Henri Carrara, Lynn Rosenberg, Judy Kelly, Ilse Stander, Lynnette Denny, Anna-Lise Williamson and Samuel Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:341

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    The US military is currently involved in large, lengthy, and complex combat operations around the world. Effective military operations require optimal health of deployed service members, and both mental and ph...

    Authors: Tyler C Smith, Mark Zamorski, Besa Smith, James R Riddle, Cynthia A LeardMann, Timothy S Wells, Charles C Engel, Charles W Hoge, Joyce Adkins and Dan Blaze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:340

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    With increased availability of antibiotics and antifungal agents hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are becoming a cause for significant concern in HIV infected children. We determi...

    Authors: Safila P Telatela, Mecky I Matee and Emmanuel K Munubhi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:338

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic and opioid medicament (SO) use and its relation to tobacco smoking and alcohol risk drinking is largely unknown. Prevalence data for SO intake and its co-occurrence with tobacco ...

    Authors: Ulrich John, Sebastian E Baumeister, Henry Völzke, Christian Meyer, Sabina Ulbricht and Dietrich Alte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:337

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    During the past decades a rising trend of living alone can be observed in the population especially in urban areas. Living alone is considered a psychosocial risk factor. We studied the relationship between li...

    Authors: Ulla Kandler, Christa Meisinger, Jens Baumert and Hannelore Löwel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:335

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The use of spirometry for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still an issue of debate, particularly because of a lack of convincing evidence that spirometry has an added positiv...

    Authors: Daniel Kotz, Geertjan Wesseling, Marcus JH Huibers and Onno CP van Schayck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:332

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have been carried out that focus on mental patients' access to care for their mental illness, but very few pay attention on these same patients' access to care for their physical diseases. Acute a...

    Authors: Jen-Huoy Tsay, Cheng-Hua Lee, Yea-Jen Hsu, Pen-Jen Wang, Ya-Mei Bai, Yiing-Jenq Chou and Nicole Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:331

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Whole body vibration (WBV) exposure at work is common and studies found evidence that this exposure might cause low back pain (LBP). A recent review concluded there is a lack of evidence of effective strategie...

    Authors: Ivo JH Tiemessen, Carel TJ Hulshof and Monique HW Frings-Dresen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:329

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Little evidence exists regarding the magnitude of contribution of excess weight to diabetes in the Middle East countries. This study aimed at quantification of the impact of overweight and obesity on the incid...

    Authors: Farhad Hosseinpanah, Mehdi Rambod and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:328

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects many children, adolescents, and adults and is associated with a number of impairments. Poor academic performance is related to ADHD in clinical samples. ...

    Authors: Alina Rodriguez, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Carsten Obel, Anja Taanila, Jouko Miettunen, Irma Moilanen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Katri Pietiläinen, Hanna Ebeling, Arto J Kotimaa, Karen Markussen Linnet and Jørn Olsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:327

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Rural sub-Saharan Africa is at an early stage of economic and health transition. It is predicted that the 21st century will see a serious added economic burden from non-communicable disease including vascular dis...

    Authors: Margaret Thorogood, Myles Connor, Stephen Tollman, Gillian Lewando Hundt, Gerry Fowkes and Jennifer Marsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:326

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    There are about 1.6 billion GSM cellular phones in use throughout the world today. Numerous papers have reported various biological effects in humans exposed to electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones....

    Authors: Gábor Stefanics, Lóránd Kellényi, Ferenc Molnár, Györgyi Kubinyi, György Thuróczy and István Hernádi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:325

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Computer tailoring may be a promising technique for prevention of overweight in adolescents. However, very few well-developed, evidence-based computer-tailored interventions are available for this target group...

    Authors: Nicole PM Ezendam, Anke Oenema, Petra M van de Looij-Jansen and Johannes Brug

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:324

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has indicated that children's behaviors have long-term effects on later life. Hence it is important to monitor the development of health risk behaviors in childhood. This study examined the c...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Wu, Hsing-Yi Chang, Lee-Lan Yen and Tony Szu-Hsien Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:323

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    People who have complex health care needs frequently access emergency departments for treatment of acute illness and injury. In particular, evidence suggests that those who are homeless, or suffer mental illne...

    Authors: Gaye Moore, Marie Gerdtz, Elizabeth Manias, Graham Hepworth and Andrew Dent

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:320

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Commentary

    Linking health data with census data on ethnicity has potential benefits for the health of ethnic minority groups. Ethical objections to linking these data however include concerns about informed consent and t...

    Authors: Kenneth M Boyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:318

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Globally and nationally large numbers of people are injured each year, yet there is little information on the impact of these injuries on people's lives, on society and on health and social care services. Meas...

    Authors: Ronan A Lyons, Elizabeth E Towner, Denise Kendrick, Nicola Christie, Sinead Brophy, Ceri J Phillips, Carol Coupland, Rebecca Carter, Lindsay Groom, Judith Sleney, Phillip Adrian Evans, Ian Pallister and Frank Coffey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:317

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency is severe public health problem in Ethiopia. Although urinary iodine excretion level (UIE) is a better indicator for IDD the goitre rate is commonly used to mark the public health significanc...

    Authors: Cherinet Abuye and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:316

    Published on: