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Page 252 of 278

  1. Content type: Research article

    The Licensing Act 2003 (The Act) was implemented on the 24th November 2005 across England and Wales. The Act allowed more flexible and longer opening hours for licensed premises. We investigated the effect of ...

    Authors: AJ Durnford, TJ Perkins and JM Perry

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:379

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Racial and ethnic disparities in cervical cancer screening have been attributed to socioeconomic, insurance, and cultural differences. Our objective was to explore racial and ethnic differences in adherence to...

    Authors: Joseph S Ross, Marcella Nuñez-Smith, Beverly A Forsyth and Julie R Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:378

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Since the 9/11 attack and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the development of qualified and able public health leaders has become a new urgency in building the infrastructure needed to address public ...

    Authors: Chongjian Wang, Sheng Wei, Hao Xiang, Jing Wu, Yihua Xu, Li Liu and Shaofa Nie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:377

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Ecstasy (MDMA, 3, 4-methylenodioxymethamphetamine) use is widespread in the Netherlands, with a lifetime prevalence of 4.3%, and two-thirds of dance party visitors being ecstasy users. However, research into D...

    Authors: Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Gerjo Kok and Herman P Schaalma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:376

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing concern about illicit methadone use in the US and other countries, there is little data about the prevalence and correlates of methadone use in large urban areas. We assessed the prevalence and...

    Authors: Danielle C Ompad, Crystal M Fuller, Christina A Chan, Victoria Frye, David Vlahov and Sandro Galea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:375

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a socially relevant condition associated with biomechanical risk factors. We evaluated age-sex-specific incidence rates of in-hospital cases of CTS in central/northern Italy and...

    Authors: Stefano Mattioli, Alberto Baldasseroni, Stefania Curti, Robin MT Cooke, Antonella Bena, Giovanna de Giacomi, Marco dell'Omo, Pirous Fateh-Moghadam, Carla Melani, Marco Biocca, Eva Buiatti, Giuseppe Campo, Francesca Zanardi and Francesco S Violante

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:374

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Deliberate self-poisoning is a major public heath issue in developing countries. In rural Sri Lanka deliberate self-poisoning is one of the leading causes of hospital death. The majority of patients with poiso...

    Authors: Lalith Senarathna, Jon Adams, Dhammika De Silva, Nick A Buckley and Andrew H Dawson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:373

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiological importance of varicella and zoster and the availability of an efficacious and safe vaccine have led to an important international debate regarding the suitability of mass vaccination. The o...

    Authors: Giovanni Gabutti, Maria C Rota, Marcello Guido, Antonella De Donno, Antonino Bella, Marta L Ciofi degli Atti and Pietro Crovari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:372

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Exercise referral schemes (ERS) have become a popular way of promoting physical activity. The aim of these schemes is to encourage high risk patients to exercise. In evaluating these schemes, little attention ...

    Authors: Melanie Schmidt, Saida Absalah, Vera Nierkens and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:371

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The demographics and lifestyles of Canadians are changing, thereby influencing food choices and food preparation in the home. Although different dietary practices are associated with increased risk of foodborn...

    Authors: Andrea Nesbitt, Shannon Majowicz, Rita Finley, Frank Pollari, Katarina Pintar, Barbara Marshall, Angela Cook, Jan Sargeant, Jeff Wilson, Carl Ribble and Lewinda Knowles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:370

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine has undergone successful trials and has recently been approved for use for the primary prevention of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine knowledge and at...

    Authors: Charlotte Devereaux Walsh, Aradhana Gera, Meeraj Shah, Amit Sharma, Judy E Powell and Sue Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:368

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Current physical activity guidelines acknowledge the importance of total health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) compared to leisure time physical activity or exercise alone. Assessing total HEPA may result ...

    Authors: Patrick Bergman, Andrej M Grjibovski, Maria Hagströmer, Adrian Bauman and Michael Sjöström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:367

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The high prevalence of childhood obesity underscores the importance of monitoring population trends in children's activity and screen time, and describing associations with child age, gender, race/ethnicity, a...

    Authors: Sarah E Anderson, Christina D Economos and Aviva Must

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:366

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Drugs to protect the liver are frequently prescribed in some countries as part of treatment for tuberculosis. The biological rationale is not clear, they are expensive and may do harm. We conducted a systemati...

    Authors: Qin Liu, Paul Garner, Yang Wang, Binghua Huang and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:365

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Oral health is basicly important for the well-being of people. Thus, it is strongly suggested to organize epidemiological surveys in order to gain representative data on oral condition of the given population....

    Authors: Melinda Madléna, Péter Hermann, Marianna Jáhn and Pál Fejérdy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:364

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Female strangulation in South Africa occurs in a context of pervasive and often extreme violence perpetrated against women, and therefore represents a major public health, social and human rights concern. Sout...

    Authors: Shahnaaz Suffla, Ashley Van Niekerk and Najuwa Arendse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:363

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The epidemic of HIV/AIDS and treatments that have emerged to alleviate, have brought about a shift in the burden of disease from death to quality of life/disability. The aim was to determine which factors are ...

    Authors: Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Jose Jesus Martin Martin, Isabel Ruiz-Pérez and Antonio Olry de Labry Lima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:362

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Dengue virus (DENV) affects nonimunne human populations in tropical and subtropical regions. In the Americas, dengue has drastically increased in the last two decades and Brazil is considered one of the most a...

    Authors: João B Siqueira-Junior, Ivan J Maciel, Christovam Barcellos, Wayner V Souza, Marilia S Carvalho, Nazareth E Nascimento, Renato M Oliveira, Otaliba Morais-Neto and Celina MT Martelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:361

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (HTSE), or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), is a group of rare and fatal diseases in central nervous system. Since outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (...

    Authors: Qi Shi, Chen Gao, Wei Zhou, Bao-Yun Zhang, Jian-Ming Chen, Chan Tian, Hui-Ying Jiang, Jun Han, Ni-Juan Xiang, Xiao-Fang Wang, Yong-Jun Gao and Xiao-Ping Dong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:360

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Young breast cancer patients have a lower rate of survival than old breast cancer patients due to being diagnosed at advanced stages. Breast self-examination makes women more "breast aware", which in turn may ...

    Authors: Özgül Karayurt, Dilek Özmen and Aynur Çakmakçi Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:359

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Insecticide treated nets (ITN) have been proven to be an effective tool in reducing the burden of malaria. Few randomized clinical trials examined the spatial effect of ITNs on child mortality at a high covera...

    Authors: Laura Gosoniu, Penelope Vounatsou, Adriana Tami, Rose Nathan, Hajo Grundmann and Christian Lengeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:356

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) detection under the national TB control program in China follows passive case-finding guidelines, which could be influenced by the accessibility of health service and patient's health-care se...

    Authors: Jianming Wang, Yang Fei, Hongbing Shen and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:354

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Germany currently experiences a situation of major physician attrition. The incompatibility between work and family has been discussed as one of the major reasons for the increasing departure of German physici...

    Authors: Isabelle Fuß, Matthias Nübling, Hans-Martin Hasselhorn, David Schwappach and Monika A Rieger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:353

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In order to screen for the most inactive individuals in the population and target health-related interventions where they are most needed it is important to assess different forms of physical activity in popul...

    Authors: Marita Södergren, Jan Sundquist, Sven-Erik Johansson and Kristina Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:352

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  25. Content type: Research article

    People travelling abroad tend to increase their use of alcohol and other drugs. In the present study we describe organized party activities in connection with young tourists' drinking, and the differences betw...

    Authors: Morten Hesse, Sébastien Tutenges, Sanna Schliewe and Tine Reinholdt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:351

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To assess the feasibility and uptake of a diabetes screening programme; to examine the effects of invitation to diabetes screening on anxiety, self-rated health and illness perceptions.

    Authors: Paul Park, Rebecca K Simmons, A Toby Prevost and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:350

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The main cause of relapse in smokers attempting to quit is inability to resist urges to smoke. Pharmacotherapy ameliorates but does not entirely prevent urges to smoke when abstinent, so other methods to resis...

    Authors: Lemees Al-Chalabi, Neha Prasad, Lucy Steed, Sarah Stenner, Paul Aveyard, Jane Beach and Michael Ussher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:349

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In 2007 Australia experienced its first outbreak of highly infectious equine influenza. Government disease control measures were put in place to control, contain, and eradicate the disease; these measures incl...

    Authors: Melanie R Taylor, Kingsley E Agho, Garry J Stevens and Beverley Raphael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:347

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  29. Content type: Research article

    A number of studies have reported low uptake of cancer screening programmes by South Asian populations in the UK. However, studies to date have not adjusted findings for differences in demographics and socio-e...

    Authors: Ala Szczepura, Charlotte Price and Anil Gumber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:346

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Dental epidemiology has indicated that immigrants and minority ethnic groups should be regarded as high risk populations on the verge of oral health deterioration. The objectives of this study were to measure ...

    Authors: Yuval Vered, Avi Zini, Alon Livny, Jonathan Mann and Harold D Sgan-Cohen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:345

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Malaria control in remote, forested areas of the Mekong region relies on personal protection from mosquito bites. Uptake of these methods may be limited by knowledge of the link between mosquitoes and malaria ...

    Authors: Sarah J Moore, Xia Min, Nigel Hill, Caroline Jones, Zhang Zaixing and Mary M Cameron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:344

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  32. Content type: Debate

    Research in infectious disease control is heavily skewed towards high end technology; development of new drugs, vaccines and clinical interventions. Oft ignored, is the evidence to inform the best strategies t...

    Authors: Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath, Hashim Ghalib, Franco Pagnoni and William C Skelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:343

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is the commonest opportunistic infection and the number one cause of death in HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries. To address the extent of the tuberculosis HIV coinfection in rural Tanzania...

    Authors: Bernard J Ngowi, Sayoki G Mfinanga, Johan N Bruun and Odd Morkve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:341

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported discrepancies in cause-specific mortality among groups of individuals with different socio-economic status. However, most of the studies were limited by the specificity of the in...

    Authors: Marianne Weires, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist and Kari Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:340

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Transport and its links to health and health inequalities suggest that it is important to assess both the direct and unintended indirect health and related impacts of transport initiatives and policies. Health...

    Authors: Hilary Thomson, Ruth Jepson, Fintan Hurley and Margaret Douglas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:339

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Since the schools vaccination campaign in 1994, measles has been eliminated from England. Maintaining elimination requires low susceptibility levels to keep the effective reproduction number R below 1. Since 1...

    Authors: Yoon Hong Choi, Nigel Gay, Graham Fraser and Mary Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:338

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Survey data suggest that in Texas Latino youth exhibit higher rates of susceptibility to smoking than youth from other ethnic groups. In this analysis we examined the relationship between susceptibility to smo...

    Authors: Anna V Wilkinson, Andrew J Waters, Vandita Vasudevan, Melissa L Bondy, Alexander V Prokhorov and Margaret R Spitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:337

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D plays a critical role in bone metabolism and many cellular and immunological processes. Recent research indicates that concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], the main indicator of vit...

    Authors: Agnes Gozdzik, Jodi Lynn Barta, Hongyu Wu, Dennis Wagner, David E Cole, Reinhold Vieth, Susan Whiting and Esteban J Parra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:336

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Family or friends bereaved by suicide are at risk of experiencing complications because of attitudes regarding suicide. It is important that individuals close to those grieving after a death by suicide demonst...

    Authors: Sachiko Minamizono, Yutaka Motohashi, Masako Yamaji and Yoshihiro Kaneko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:334

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Falls are a major health threat to older community-living people, and initiatives to prevent falls should be a public health priority. We evaluated a Dutch version of a successful British fall prevention progr...

    Authors: Michel HC Bleijlevens, Marike RC Hendriks, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Joseph PM Diederiks, Harry FJM Crebolder and Jacques ThM van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:332

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To describe malaria knowledge, attitudes toward malaria and bed net use, levels of ownership and use of bed nets, and factors associated with ownership and use among pregnant women attending their first antena...

    Authors: Audrey Pettifor, Eboni Taylor, David Nku, Sandra Duvall, Martine Tabala, Steve Meshnick and Frieda Behets

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:331

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Obesity can be defined using body mass index (BMI) or waist (abdominal obesity). Little information exists regarding its prevalence and determinants in Switzerland. Hence, we assessed the levels of obesity as ...

    Authors: Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Vincent Mooser, Fred Paccaud, Gérard Waeber and Peter Vollenweider

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:330

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