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  1. Farmers may have an increased risk for poor mental health. In connection with this, factors specific to the neighborhood environment such as farm density and the type of agriculture, might be important for men...

    Authors: Mariko Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo, Andrew Stickley and Naoki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Anxiety disorder is one of the most common mental health problems worldwide, including Malaysia, and this issue has gained concern and attention from many, including experts and authorities globally. While ave...

    Authors: Nurul Elyani Mohamad, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare and Norsidawati Abdul Gani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research article

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  3. From January to May 2019, large measles outbreaks affected Nigeria. Borno state was the most affected, recording 15,237 suspected cases with the state capital of Maiduguri having 1125 cases investigated and li...

    Authors: Anne Eudes Jean Baptiste, John Wagai, Richard Luce, Balcha Masresha, Don Klinkenberg, Irene Veldhuijzen, Joseph Oteri, Boubacar Dieng, Obianuju Caroline Ikeonu, Sule Meleh, Audu Musa, Fiona Braka, Susan Hahné, E. A. M. Sanders and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Pacific people living in New Zealand, Australia, United States, and the Pacific region continue to experience a disproportionately high burden of long-term conditions, making culturally contextualised behaviou...

    Authors: Amio Matenga-Ikihele, Judith McCool, Rosie Dobson, Fuafiva Fa’alau and Robyn Whittaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown a continuously increasing trend with a large variation in the number of COVID-19 deaths across countries. In response, many countries have implemented non pharmaceutical methods...

    Authors: Janaki Imbulana Arachchi and Shunsuke Managi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:434

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gender-based violence (GBV) undermines HIV prevention and treatment cascades, particularly among women who report partner violence. Screening for violence during HIV testing, and prior to offering pre-exposure...

    Authors: Manuela Colombini, Fiona Scorgie, Anne Stangl, Sheila Harvey, Lethabo Ramskin, Nomhle Khoza, Emma Mashauri, Deborah Baron, Shelley Lees, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts and Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Age-adjusted lymphoma incidence rates continue to rise in France since the early 80’s, although rates have slowed since 2010 and vary across subtypes. Recent improvements in patient survival in major lymphoma ...

    Authors: Hervé Ghesquières, Cédric Rossi, Fanny Cherblanc, Sandra Le Guyader-Peyrou, Fontanet Bijou, Pierre Sujobert, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Adeline Bernier, Aurélien Belot, Loic Chartier, Luc-Matthieu Fornecker, Isabelle Baldi, Krimo Bouabdallah, Camille Laurent, Lucie Oberic, Nadine Morineau…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:432

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  8. Knowledge of HIV status remains a challenge despite implementation of various testing strategies including provider-initiated HIV testing (PITC). Harare City intensified provider-initiated HIV testing by targe...

    Authors: Edias Mandere, More Mungati, Gloria Gonese, Notion Gombe, Tsitsi Juru, Simbarashe Chiwanda, Emmanuel Govha, Gerald Shambira and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Early diagnosis is crucial in securing optimal outcomes in the HIV care cascade. Recent HIV infection (RHI) serves as an indicator of early detection in the course of HIV infection. Surveillance of RHI is impo...

    Authors: Li Wei Ang, Carmen Low, Chen Seong Wong, Irving Charles Boudville, Matthias Paul Han Sim Toh, Sophia Archuleta, Vernon Jian Ming Lee, Yee Sin Leo, Angela Chow and Raymond Tzer-Pin Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health concerns today. While numerous factors are known to affect anxiety disorders, the ways in which environmental factors aggravate or mitigate anxiety are...

    Authors: Buwei Chen, Wen Ma, Yu Pan, Wei Guo and Yunsong Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Extremity injury is one of the most common injury types for bicyclists. Extremity injury can lead to long-term disability and contribute to adverse health-related quality of life and prolonged absence from work.

    Authors: Jodie Makara, Sijun Shen, Ann Nwosu, William Arnold, Gary Smith and Motao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Research exploring the unique exposure pathways to fecal pathogens for young children and innovative water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions for susceptible pediatric populations is needed to reduc...

    Authors: Jennifer Kuhl, Lucien Bisimwa, Elizabeth D. Thomas, Camille Williams, Joseph Ntakirutimana, Nicole Coglianese, Sarah Bauler, Ruthly François, Presence Sanvura, Jean Claude Bisimwa, Patrick Mirindi and Christine Marie George

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing and hand hygiene have been the primary means of reducing transmission in the absence of effective treatments or vaccines, but understanding of ...

    Authors: Christine Barrett and Kei Long Cheung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in a strong negative impact on economic and social life worldwide. It has also negatively influenced people’s general health and quality of life. The ...

    Authors: Paulo José Puccinelli, Taline Santos da Costa, Aldo Seffrin, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Lee Hill and Marilia Santos Andrade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:613

  15. Oral diseases negatively impact general health, affecting physical, psychological, social and emotional wellbeing, and ability to give back to community. The relationship between poor oral health, and general ...

    Authors: Xiangqun Ju, Joanne Hedges, Gail Garvey, Megan Smith, Karen Canfell and Lisa Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The prevalence of hypertension is high and rising in China, but most people with hypertension do not have their blood pressure under control. This study investigated hypertension awareness, treatment, and cont...

    Authors: Junxiang Wei, Yang Mi, Yan Li, Bo Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Alcohol and firearms are commonly involved in suicide in the United States. State alcohol and firearm policies may impact alcohol and firearm related suicide, yet little is known about these relationships. Thi...

    Authors: Sharon M. Coleman, Marlene C. Lira, Jason Blanchette, Timothy C. Heeren and Timothy S. Naimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. As internet use becomes more widespread, the screen time (ST) of elementary school students increases yearly. It is known that longer durations of ST can affect obesity, physical activity, dry eye disease, and...

    Authors: Yui Mineshita, Hyeon-Ki Kim, Hanako Chijiki, Takuya Nanba, Takae Shinto, Shota Furuhashi, Satoshi Oneda, Mai Kuwahara, Anzu Suwama and Shigenobu Shibata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. In Mali, nomadic populations are spread over one third of the territory. Their lifestyle, characterized by constant mobility, excludes them from, or at best places them at the edge of, health delivery services...

    Authors: Moussa Sangare, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Siaka Yamoussa Coulibaly, Housseini Dolo, Abdoul Fatao Diabate, Kueshivi Midodji Atsou, Abdoul Ag Souleymane, Youssouf Ag Rissa, Dada Wallet Moussa, Fadimata Wallet Abdallah, Massitan Dembele, Mahamadou Traore, Tieman Diarra, William R. Brieger, Sekou Fantamady Traore, Seydou Doumbia…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Although epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological problems, it is highly surrounded by stigma and prejudice, which results in negative attitude towards the illness. Due to numerous misconceptions and...

    Authors: Alemayehu Molla, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Endashaw Habtamu and Moges Mareg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Although periods of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) discontinuation have deleterious health effects, ART is not always sustained. Yet, little is known about factors that contribute to such ART non-persistence...

    Authors: Marya Gwadz, Charles M. Cleland, Robert Freeman, Leo Wilton, Linda M. Collins, Robert L. Hawkins, Amanda S. Ritchie, Noelle R. Leonard, Danielle F. Jonas, Alexis Korman, Sabrina Cluesman, Ning He and Dawa Sherpa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:419

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Functional disability and multimorbidity are common among older people. However, little is known about the relationship between functional disability and different multimorbidity combinations. We aimed to iden...

    Authors: Zijing Wang, Wenjia Peng, Mengying Li, Xinghui Li, Tingting Yang, Cancan Li, Huosheng Yan, Xianjie Jia, Zhi Hu and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:418

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. For interventions to reach those they are intended for, an understanding of the factors that influence their participation, as well as the facilitators and barriers of participation are needed. This study expl...

    Authors: Tracy McClinton Appollis, Zoe Duby, Kim Jonas, Janan Dietrich, Kealeboga Maruping, Fareed Abdullah, Nevilene Slingers and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Although sex differences in cardiovascular diseases are recognised, including differences in incidence, clinical presentation, response to treatments, and outcomes, most of the practice guidelines are not sex-...

    Authors: Giulia Cesaroni, Gian Francesco Mureddu, Nera Agabiti, Flavia Mayer, Massimo Stafoggia, Francesco Forastiere, Roberto Latini, Serge Masson, Marina Davoli and Alessandro Boccanelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:415

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. India is currently facing a rising epidemic of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Identification of modifiable risk factors is of paramount importance to curb this menace. Fishermen are one of the most vulnerab...

    Authors: Akhila Doddamani, A. B. Kirthinath Ballala, Sharath P. Madhyastha, Asha Kamath and Muralidhar M. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:414

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Alcohol and other drug use disorders contribute substantially to the global burden of illness. The majority of people with substance use disorders do not receive any treatment for their problems, and developin...

    Authors: Sidsel Helena Karsberg, Mads Uffe Pedersen, Morten Hesse, Birgitte Thylstrup and Michael Mulbjerg Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:413

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. Syndemic theory highlights the potential for health problems to interact synergistically, compounding impact. Young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) are more likely to experience disadvan...

    Authors: Clare Tanton, Lorraine McDonagh, Melissa Cabecinha, Soazig Clifton, Rebecca Geary, Greta Rait, John Saunders, Jackie Cassell, Chris Bonell, Kirstin R. Mitchell and Catherine H. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. To reduce the transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in its first wave, European governments have implemented successive measures to encourage social distancing. However, it remain...

    Authors: Richard A. J. Post, Marta Regis, Zhuozhao Zhan and Edwin R. van den Heuvel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Simulation exercises can functionally validate World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) core capacities. In 2018, the Vietnam Ministry of Health (MOH) conducted a full-scale ...

    Authors: Alexey Clara, Anh T. P. Dao, Quy Tran, Phu D. Tran, Tan Q. Dang, Huong T. Nguyen, Quang D. Tran, Peter Rzeszotarski, Karen Talbert, Tasha Stehling-Ariza, Frances Veasey, Lynne Clemens, Anthony W. Mounts, Hannah Lofgren, S. Arunmozhi Balajee and Trang T. Do

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:409

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Water pipe smoking (WPS) is re-gaining widespread use and popularity among various groups of people, especially adolescents. Despite different adverse health effects of WPS, many of the WPS interventions have ...

    Authors: Javad Babaie, Ayat Ahmadi, Gholamreza Abdollahi and Leila Doshmangir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Residential environment features such as availability of supermarkets may shape dietary behaviour and thus overweight and obesity. This relationship may not be consistent between cities. This Australian nation...

    Authors: Suzanne J. Carroll, Gavin Turrell, Michael J. Dale and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Antibiotic resistance is a global threat to human health, and inappropriate use of antibiotics in humans and animals is widely considered to be a key driver of antibiotic resistant infections. Antibiotic use i...

    Authors: Joseph Paul Hicks, Sophia M. Latham, Rumana Huque, Mahua Das, Jane Newell, S. M. Abdullah, Zunayed Al Azdi, Ishrat Jahan, Christian Rassi, Prudence Hamade, Muhammad Shafique, Mohammad Saiful Islam and Rebecca King

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a major global health issue disproportionately affecting Asian Americans and other immigrant populations in the United States. Despite the high risk of morbid complications from CH...

    Authors: Sarah Hyun, Okhyun Ko, Soonsik Kim and William R. Ventura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:404

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important public health problem worldwide. In addition to the impairment in functionality, the large number of complications which lead to hospitalizations results in high treatmen...

    Authors: Rêncio Bento Florêncio, Luiza Gabriela de Araújo Fonseca, Vivian Fernanda Dantas da Silva, Íllia Nadinne Dantas Florentino Lima and Lucien Peroni Gualdi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:403

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In the United states obesity and socioeconomic status (SES), or one’s standing in society based on income, education, and/or occupation, are strongly associated. The mechanisms for this relationship may includ...

    Authors: Amanda K. Crandall, Amanda M. Ziegler, Tegan Mansouri, Jalen Matteson, Emily Isenhart, Autum Carter, Katherine N. Balantekin and Jennifer L. Temple

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:402

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the global leading causes of concern due to the rising prevalence and consequence of mortality and disability with a heavy economic burden. The objective of the curren...

    Authors: Maedeh Amini, Farid Zayeri and Masoud Salehi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:401

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are a common pathway to adult depression. This pathway is particularly important during the perinatal period when women are at an elevated risk for depression. However, thi...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Lisa M. Bates, Esther O. Chung, John A. Gallis, Ashley Hagaman, Elissa Scherer, Siham Sikander, Brooke S. Staley, Lauren C. Zalla, Paul N. Zivich and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Accurately defining obesity using anthropometric measures that best capture obesity-related risk is important for identifying high risk groups for intervention. The purpose of this study is to compare the asso...

    Authors: Saria Hassan, Carol Oladele, Deron Galusha, Oswald Peter Adams, Rohan G. Maharaj, Cruz M. Nazario, Maxine Nunez and Marcella Nunez-Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. HIV testing among adolescents is significantly lower than among adults and many adolescents living with HIV do not know their status. Adolescent perceptions of HIV testing are poorly understood and may negativ...

    Authors: Leila Katirayi, Job Akuno, Bright Kulukulu and Rose Masaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Understanding the relationship between occupation and alcohol use offers opportunities to provide health promotion programmes based on evidence of need. We aimed to determine associations between occupation an...

    Authors: Andrew Thompson and Munir Pirmohamed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Very little is known about the biologic predictors of the occupational burnout in firefighters. The aim of this study was to characterize testosterone profile of active firefighters and quantify its associatio...

    Authors: Denis Vinnikov, Zhanna Romanova, Gulnara Kapanova, Aizhan Raushanova, Sundetgali Kalmakhanov and Alexander Zhigalin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:397

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Sexual norms, real or perceived, shape young people’s sexual behaviour and may constitute one of the greatest challenges in HIV/STIs prevention among this population. This study used sexual script theory to ex...

    Authors: Sylvester R. Okeke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:395

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Hepatitis B is a serious potentially fatal hepatocellular disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. In the fishing communities of Lake Victoria Uganda, the hepatitis B virus infection burden is largely unknown....

    Authors: Paul Kato Kitandwe, Enoch Muyanja, Teddy Nakaweesa, Annet Nanvubya, Ali Ssetaala, Juliet Mpendo, Brenda Okech, Bernard S. Bagaya, Noah Kiwanuka and Matt A. Price

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:394

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Face masks have been employed in the COVID-19 pandemic plans as a public and personal health control measure against the spread of SARS-CoV-2. In Poland, obligatory wearing of masks in public spaces was introd...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Oskar Pasek, Łukasz Duda – Duma, Dawid Świstara and Marcin Korzeń

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Being gifted with a very high IQ (> 98 percentile) can provide an advantage in the occupational context but can also come with its` own specific challenges. Where some studies found higher than average levels ...

    Authors: Patricia A.J. van Casteren, Jan Meerman, Evelien P.M. Brouwers, Arno van Dam and Jac J.L. van der Klink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Malnutrition in mothers as well as in children is a significant public health challenge in most of the developing countries. The triple burden of malnutrition is a relatively new issue on the horizon of health...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shekhar Chauhan, Ratna Patel, Shobhit Srivastava and Dhananjay W. Bansod

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:391

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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