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Social determinants of health

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

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  1. Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) remains a public health concern due to the high morbidity and mortality rates from the disease. The DR-TB is a multifaceted illness with expensive treatment regimens, toxic medications a...

    Authors: Lesley-Ann Lynnath Cannon, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Daniel Ter Goon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:488

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is an anthropometric index associated with visceral adiposity. It remains unclear whether SAD and its socio-economic correlates differ in women and men, which limits the epide...

    Authors: Chang Li, Marcelline Harris, Dennis Tsilimingras, Sophia Z. Liu, Ying Sheng and Xuefeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:486

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Understanding the impact of food insecurity on HIV outcomes is critical for the development and implementation of effective, evidence-based interventions to address food insecurity and improve the HIV care cas...

    Authors: Noelle A. Benzekri, Jacques F. Sambou, Sanou Ndong, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Ibrahima Tito Tamba, Dominique Faye, Ibrahima Sall, Jean Philippe Diatta, Khadim Faye, Ousseynou Cisse, Fatima Sall, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Cheikh T. Ndour, Papa Salif Sow, Jean Jacques Malomar, Stephen E. Hawes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Farmers may have an increased risk for poor mental health. In connection with this, factors specific to the neighborhood environment such as farm density and the type of agriculture, might be important for men...

    Authors: Mariko Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo, Andrew Stickley and Naoki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Syndemic theory highlights the potential for health problems to interact synergistically, compounding impact. Young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) are more likely to experience disadvan...

    Authors: Clare Tanton, Lorraine McDonagh, Melissa Cabecinha, Soazig Clifton, Rebecca Geary, Greta Rait, John Saunders, Jackie Cassell, Chris Bonell, Kirstin R. Mitchell and Catherine H. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Residential environment features such as availability of supermarkets may shape dietary behaviour and thus overweight and obesity. This relationship may not be consistent between cities. This Australian nation...

    Authors: Suzanne J. Carroll, Gavin Turrell, Michael J. Dale and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Malnutrition in mothers as well as in children is a significant public health challenge in most of the developing countries. The triple burden of malnutrition is a relatively new issue on the horizon of health...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shekhar Chauhan, Ratna Patel, Shobhit Srivastava and Dhananjay W. Bansod

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:391

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Late antiretroviral treatment initiation for HIV disease worsens health outcomes and contributes to ongoing transmission. We investigated whether socioeconomic inequalities exist in access to treatment in a se...

    Authors: Amanda Rodrigues, Claudio J. Struchiner, Lara E. Coelho, Valdilea G. Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn and Paula M. Luz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:389

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:640

  9. Advances in biomedical technologies permit transgender individuals not only to achieve gender transition but also to experience parenthood. Little is known about this topic in Greece, which, although a traditi...

    Authors: P. Voultsos, C.-E. Zymvragou, M.-V. Karakasi and P. Pavlidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:378

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The influence of religion and belief systems is widely recognized as an important factor in understanding of health risk perception and myths in the general fight against the HIV pandemic. This study compares ...

    Authors: Munyaradzi Mapingure, Zindoga Mukandavire, Innocent Chingombe, Diego Cuadros, Farirai Mutenherwa, Owen Mugurungi and Godfrey Musuka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:375

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The objective of this research was to assess physical and sexual violence experienced by sexual and gender minorities in nine African countries, and to examine factors associated with violence.

    Authors: Alex Müller, Kristen Daskilewicz, Mc Lean Kabwe, Anna Mmolai-Chalmers, Chelsea Morroni, Nelson Muparamoto, Adamson S. Muula, Vincent Odira and Martin Zimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is growing recognition of the need for fish to be better integrated into nutrition-sensitive strategies for addressing malnutrition. Fish are overwhelmingly produced by the small-scale sector, which supp...

    Authors: Emily Gibson, Natasha Stacey, Terry C. H. Sunderland and Dedi S. Adhuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The continuing impetus for universal health coverage has given rise to publicly funded health insurance schemes in lower-middle income countries. However, there is insufficient understanding of how universal h...

    Authors: Rajalakshmi RamPrakash and Lakshmi Lingam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Having children is a major life course event yet some disabilities could make it biologically challenging and some others could limit access to necessary socioeconomic resources. To date, there is relatively l...

    Authors: Fredinah Namatovu, Erling Häggström Lundevaller and Lotta Vikström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Breastfeeding is important for the physical and psychological health of the mother and child. Basic data on breastfeeding practice in China are out-of-date and vary widely. This study aimed to evaluate the pro...

    Authors: Leni Kang, Juan Liang, Chunhua He, Lei Miao, Xiaohong Li, Li Dai, Qi Li, Zheng Liu, Jun Zhu, Yanping Wang and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In Canada, heterosexual African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) men’s heightened risk of HIV infection has been linked to behavioral characteristics, including practices of hegemonic masculinity that discourage th...

    Authors: Roger Antabe, Irenius Konkor, Martin McIntosh, Erica Lawson, Winston Husbands, Josephine Wong, Godwin Arku and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anemia is a public health concern at a global level. This study aims to delineate the association between household economic inequalities, and anemia among reproductive age group women in Bangladesh, along with o...

    Authors: G. M. Rabiul Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is a common chronic disease, with socially patterned incidence and severity. Digital self-care interventions have the potential to reduce health disparities, by providing personalised low...

    Authors: Sophie Turnbull, Patricia J. Lucas, Alastair D. Hay and Christie Cabral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a frequent health event and a major contributor to long-term impairments globally. So far, research on social inequalities in MI incidence and mortality with respect to...

    Authors: Juliane Tetzlaff, Siegfried Geyer, Mechthild Westhoff-Bleck, Stefanie Sperlich, Jelena Epping and Fabian Tetzlaff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite the accumulating evidence on the role of professional helping relationships for highly disadvantaged populations, methodological shortcomings have made it difficult to establish a robust relationships-...

    Authors: Rebeca D. Sandu, Frederick Anyan and Vicky Stergiopoulos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Many wage earners in developed countries have irregular shift patterns and work evenings, nights, and weekends. Some studies have demonstrated that the nonstandard work schedules of parents have adverse effect...

    Authors: Yuko Kachi, Aya Abe, Hisashi Eguchi, Akiomi Inoue and Akizumi Tsutsumi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Advantages and disadvantages associated with joint and nuclear family systems can affect quality of life (QOL). However, there is scarcity of literature about QOL among joint and nuclear family systems. This s...

    Authors: Fahad Saqib Lodhi, Unaib Rabbani, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Owais Raza, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Mehdi Yaseri, Umer Farooq and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:234

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Life satisfaction is an important component in designing strategies to improve health outcomes in different groups of society. This study aimed to investigate the effect of subjective socioeconomic status (SSS...

    Authors: Nader Rajabi Gilan, Mehdi khezeli and Shirin Zardoshtian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:233

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Incarceration has been associated with higher cardiovascular risk, yet data evaluating its association with cardiovascular disease events are limited. The study objective was to evaluate the association betwee...

    Authors: Jordan Coleman, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Hongyan Ning, Norrina B. Allen, Catarina I. Kiefe, Emily A. Wang and Mark D. Huffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The WHO identified the importance of macro-socioeconomic determinants and political context as interlinked key factors affecting healthcare quality and health equity. As a response to the recent economic and f...

    Authors: Julia Nadine Doetsch, Sandra C. S. Marques, Thomas Krafft and Henrique Barros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A child’s long-term illness or disability is always a serious matter that impacts the whole family. Costs related to an illness can substantially affect a family’s financial situation. To date, there is little...

    Authors: Anna Paajanen, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt and Salla Atkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Schools and school climate are thought to influence academic outcomes as well as child and adolescent development, health and well-being. We sought to examine the relationship between several aspects of the sc...

    Authors: Mitchell D. Wong, Kulwant K. Dosanjh, Nicholas J. Jackson, Dennis Rünger and Rebecca N. Dudovitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Infant mortality is considered an important and sensitive health indicator in several countries, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. Most of the factors influencing infant mortality are inte...

    Authors: Carolina Ribeiro Anele, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Clécio Homrich da Silva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Social determinants of health frameworks are standard tools in public health. These frameworks for the most part omit a crucial factor: the family. Socioeconomic status moreover is a prominent social determina...

    Authors: Frederik Booysen, Ferdi Botha and Edwin Wouters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:191

    Content type: Correspondence

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  30. The response to the coronavirus outbreak and how the disease and its societal consequences pose risks to already vulnerable groups such those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged and ethnic minority groups....

    Authors: Cristina Fernandez Turienzo, Mary Newburn, Agnes Agyepong, Rachael Buabeng, Amy Dignam, Clotilde Abe, Leah Bedward, Hannah Rayment-Jones, Sergio A. Silverio, Abigail Easter, Lauren E. Carson, Louise M. Howard and Jane Sandall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:176

    Content type: Correspondence

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  31. The public health sector has long recognized the role of the social determinants of health in health disparities and the importance of achieving health equity. We now appear to be at an inflection point, as we...

    Authors: Vivian L. Towe, Linnea Warren May, Wenjing Huang, Laurie T. Martin, Katherine Carman, Carolyn E. Miller and Anita Chandra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Human lymphatic filarial pathology is the leading cause of disability and poverty among people living with the infection. The second goal of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) is to...

    Authors: Samuel Opoku Asiedu, Alexander Kwarteng, Emmanuel Kobla Atsu Amewu, Priscilla Kini, Bill Clinton Aglomasa and John Boulard Forkuor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cancer related infertility can have an impact on couple relationships, with evidence that couple communication facilitates coping. However, little is known about the ways in which couples communicate about can...

    Authors: Alexandra Hawkey, Jane M. Ussher, Janette Perz and Chloe Parton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To date, research assessing discrimination has employed primarily explicit measures (i.e., self-reports), which can be subject to intentional and social desirability processes. Only a few studies, focusing on ...

    Authors: Maddalena Marini, Pamela D. Waterman, Emry Breedlove, Jarvis T. Chen, Christian Testa, Sari L. Reisner, Dana J. Pardee, Kenneth H. Mayer and Nancy Krieger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:158

    Content type: Technical advance

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  35. Although the educational expansion is often seen as a mechanism that might reduce health inequalities, socioeconomic inequalities in health (SEIH) have persisted or increased over the past decades. Theories su...

    Authors: Silvia Simone Klokgieters, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Broese van Groenou and Almar Andreas Leonardus Kok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Peer victimisation is a common occurrence and has well-established links with a range of psychiatric problems in adulthood. Significantly less is known however, about how victimisation influences positive aspe...

    Authors: Jessica M. Armitage, R. Adele H. Wang, Oliver S. P. Davis, Lucy Bowes and Claire M. A. Haworth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Female Mexican Immigrants (FMIs) experience high rates of depression compared with other populations. For this population, depression is often exacerbated by social isolation associated with the experience of ...

    Authors: Janet Page-Reeves, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Lidia Regino, Jackie Perez, Molly Bleecker, Daniel Perez, Bill Wagner, Susan Tigert, Elaine L. Bearer and Cathleen E. Willging

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Home-based interventions have potential for improving early child development (ECD) in low-resource settings. The design of locally acceptable strategies requires an in-depth understanding of the household con...

    Authors: Jessica D. Rothstein, Audrey J. Buckland, Kristin Gagnier, Mayra Ochoa, Aliya Allen-Valley, Belinda Jivapong, Lilia Z. Cabrera, Elli Leontsini and Kelly R. Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Electronic health tools are of little use if the intended user lacks the skills to effectively engage them. Engaging eHealth requires a skill set, or literacy, of its own. The present study is an effort to pro...

    Authors: Adnan Adil, Ahmed Usman, Nasir Mehmood Khan and Faria Ibad Mirza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Lolland-Falster is a rural area of Denmark, where the life expectancy is presently almost six years lower than in the rich capital suburbs. To determine the origin of this disparity, we analysed changes in mor...

    Authors: Therese L. F. Holmager, Lars Thygesen, Lene T. Buur and Elsebeth Lynge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Current literature has established that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with the onset of a variety of physical, mental, and behavioural illnesses. However, there are few studies that have ...

    Authors: Eric Smith, Katrina Milaney, Rita I. Henderson and Lyndon Crowshoe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Male partner involvement in antenatal care (ANC) is associated with positive maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, only a handful of men attend ANC with their partners. This study aimed to understand the un...

    Authors: Doreen Sakala, Moses K. Kumwenda, Donaldson F. Conserve, Bassey Ebenso and Augustine T. Choko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Personal social capital, which refers to the scope and quality of an individual’s social networks within a community, has received increasing attention as a potential sociological factor associated with better...

    Authors: Youngdeok Kim, Tim Schneider, Eric Faß and Marc Lochbaum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Sexual and Reproductive health Services (SRHS) are essential for the prevention and control of SRH problems among young people and the achievement of sustainable development goal 3. These services may be avail...

    Authors: Amelia Ngozi Odo, Justina Ifeoma Ofuebe, Anthony Ifeanyi Anike and Efiong Sunday Samuel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Long-term residential care (LTC) supports the most vulnerable and is increasingly relevant with demographic ageing. This study aims to describe entry to LTC and identify predictive factors for older Māori (ind...

    Authors: Marycarol Holdaway, Janine Wiles, Ngaire Kerse, Zhenqiang Wu, Simon Moyes, Martin J. Connolly, Oliver Menzies, Ruth Teh, Marama Muru-Lanning, Merryn Gott and Joanna B. Broad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Although earlier studies have demonstrated that circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are more prevalent in visually impaired individuals, the actual prevalence of CRSWD and insomnia among the visually...

    Authors: Norihisa Tamura, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yuko Morita, Masako Okawa, Shigeru Inoue and Yuichi Inoue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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