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Social determinants of health

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

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  1. Malaria causes 400 thousand deaths worldwide annually. In 2018, 25% (187,693) of the total malaria cases in the Americas were in Brazil, with nearly all (99%) Brazilian cases in the Amazon region. The Bolsa Fa...

    Authors: Layana Costa Alves, Mauro Niskier Sanchez, Thomas Hone, Luiz Felipe Pinto, Joilda Silva Nery, Pedro Luiz Tauil, Maurício Lima Barreto and Gerson Oliveira Penna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1253

    Content type: Research article

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  2. “The impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the shutdown it triggered at universities across the world, led to a great degree of social isolation among university staff and students. T...

    Authors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Lez Rayman-Bacchus, Mark Mifsud, Diana J. Pritchard, Violeta Orlovic Lovren, Carla Farinha, Danijela S. Petrovic and Abdul-Lateef Balogun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1213

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In Europe, knowledge about the social determinants of health among undocumented migrants is scarce. The canton of Geneva, Switzerland, implemented in 2017–2018 a pilot public policy aiming at regularizing undo...

    Authors: Julien Fakhoury, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Idris Guessous, Liala Consoli, Aline Duvoisin and Yves Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1198

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The present study aims to observe how societal indicators of workers’ values at the state-level are related to health and safety outcomes, particularly major injuries and fatalities in the U.S. Underscoring wo...

    Authors: Leah S. Klos, Frank B. Giordano, Stacy A. Stoffregen, Miki C. Azuma and Jin Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1133

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Substance misuse is a global public health problem. In addition to social and economic concerns, consumption of tobacco and alcohol is associated with susceptibility to cardiovascular, respiratory, and infecti...

    Authors: Palwende Romuald Boua, Cassandra Claire Soo, Cornelius Debpuur, Innocent Maposa, Shai Nkoana, Shukri F. Mohamed, Solomon Choma, Abraham Oduro, Gershim Asiki, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Hermann Sorgho, Sumaya Mall and Michèle Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1126

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Plague is endemic to the central highlands of Madagascar. Sporadic human cases or outbreaks can occur annually in these areas. In Madagascar, the associations between endemicity and the knowledge, attitudes an...

    Authors: Sitraka Rakotosamimanana, Feno Jacob Rakotoarimanana, Vaomalala Raharimanga, François Taglioni, Josélyne Ramamonjisoa, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana, Minoarisoa Rajerison and Fanjasoa Rakotomanana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1102

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Racial discrimination, including microaggressions, contributes to health inequities, yet research on discrimination and microaggressions has focused on single measures without adequate psychometric evaluation....

    Authors: Brenna L. Greenfield, Jessica H. L. Elm and Kevin A. Hallgren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1099

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Child maltreatment is prevalent and associated with both short- and long-term health problems. Previous studies have established child maltreatment as a risk factor for a wide range of problems over the life c...

    Authors: Viktor Schønning, Anders Dovran, Mari Hysing, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Kristin Stokke, Leif Edvard Aarø, Stian Tobiassen, John Are Bjerge Jonassen, Øystein Vedaa and Børge Sivertsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1082

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Police-reported crime data (hereafter “crime”) is routinely used as a psychosocial stressor in public health research, yet few studies have jointly examined (a) differences in crime exposure based on participa...

    Authors: Evans K. Lodge, Cathrine Hoyo, Carmen M. Gutierrez, Kristen M. Rappazzo, Michael E. Emch and Chantel L. Martin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1078

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Febrile diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa cause acute and chronic illness. Co-infections are common and these diseases have a complex etiology that includes zoonoses. For the implementation of appropriate treatme...

    Authors: Caroline M. Mburu, Salome A. Bukachi, Khamati Shilabukha, Kathrin H. Tokpa, Mangi Ezekiel, Gilbert Fokou, Bassirou Bonfoh and Rudovick Kazwala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1075

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The risk of heart failure is disproportionately high among the socioeconomically disadvantaged. Furthermore, socioeconomically deprived patients are at risk of inequitable access to heart failure treatment and...

    Authors: Anna Ohlsson, Nils Eckerdal, Bertil Lindahl, Marianne Hanning and Ragnar Westerling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1040

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YMSM) are vulnerable to the risks associated with sexualized substance use. This is a novel study in Singapore that aims to classify patterns of sexual...

    Authors: Rayner Kay Jin Tan, Caitlin Alsandria O’Hara, Wee Ling Koh, Daniel Le, Avin Tan, Adrian Tyler, Calvin Tan, Chronos Kwok, Sumita Banerjee and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1026

    Content type: Research article

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  13. As Scotland strives to become a country where children flourish in their early years, it is faced with the challenge of socio-economic health inequalities, which are at risk of widening amidst austerity polici...

    Authors: Alice Harpur, Jon Minton, Julie Ramsay, Gerry McCartney, Lynda Fenton, Harry Campbell and Rachael Wood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:995

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In sub-Saharan Africa, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) other than HIV are major public health problems. This study, therefore, sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with self-reported S...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Justice Kanor Tetteh and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:993

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Assessing subjective social status (SSS) may be easily accommodated in the context of a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). To our knowledge, no prior studies have examined the association of SS...

    Authors: Edite Vila Nova Rosário, Milton Severo, Diogo Francisco, Miguel Brito and Diogo Costa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:979

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Gay, bisexual and queer (GBQ) men are frequently subjected to minority stressors that have negative impacts on their health. Milestones that include the acceptance and disclosure of sexual identity amongst GBQ...

    Authors: Clarence Ong, Rayner Kay Jin Tan, Daniel Le, Avin Tan, Adrian Tyler, Calvin Tan, Chronos Kwok, Sumita Banerjee and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:971

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Women’s lives have dramatically changed in recent decades as evidenced by trends in educational attainment, employment outside the home, income, and other socioeconomic factors. Self-reported health in 18–70 y...

    Authors: M. Waller, L. Lissner, D. Hange, V. Sundh, A. Blomstrand and C. Björkelund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:934

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Low socioeconomic status (SES) in early and late life has been associated with lower late-life cognition. Less is known about how changes in SES from childhood to late life are associated with late-life cognit...

    Authors: Rachel L. Peterson, Kristen M. George, Paola Gilsanz, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, M. Maria Glymour, Oanh L. Meyer, Dan M. Mungas, Charles DeCarli and Rachel A. Whitmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:920

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Homelessness is associated with substantial morbidity. Data linkages between homeless and health systems are important to understand unique needs across homeless populations, identify homeless individuals not ...

    Authors: William E. Trick, Fred Rachman, Keiki Hinami, Jennifer C. Hill, Craig Conover, Lisa Diep, Howard S. Gordon, Abel Kho, David O. Meltzer, Raj C. Shah, Ed Stellon, Padma Thangaraj and Peter S. Toepfer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:917

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is increasing recognition of the importance of children’s play from a public health perspective, given the links between play and children’s physical and mental health. The present research aimed to deve...

    Authors: Helen F. Dodd, Rachel J. Nesbit and Laura R. Maratchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:878

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Low birth weight and prematurity remain leading causes of infant mortality and morbidity globally. Although extensive literature has highlighted the importance of socioenvironmental characteristics for birth o...

    Authors: Angélica Carreira dos Santos, Alexandra Brentani and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:865

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced in Norway in 2009, the vaccine uptake has increased. Whether this increase is similar regardless of the girls’ country background is unknown. We exam...

    Authors: Randi Dalene Bjerke, Ida Laake, Berit Feiring, Geir Aamodt and Lill Trogstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:854

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Parent-child separation is a considerable adversity for left-behind children (LBC), but there is little evidence on the association between detailed characteristics of parent-child separation and social-emotio...

    Authors: Huifeng Shi, Yuanyuan Wang, Mengshi Li, Chang Tan, Chunxia Zhao, Xiaona Huang, Yan Dou, Xiaoqian Duan, Yufeng Du, Tianchen Wu, Xiaoli Wang and Jingxu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:823

    Content type: Research article

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  24. People from ethnically diverse backgrounds living with HIV are susceptible to adverse health and wellbeing outcomes, particularly as a consequence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination (HSD), though relativ...

    Authors: Anna Ziersch, Moira Walsh, Melanie Baak, Georgia Rowley, Enaam Oudih and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:779

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The number of North Korean defectors (NKDs) escaping to South Korea has increased. The health status of NKDs is an essential factor for a successful settlement into South Korean society. However, no studies ha...

    Authors: Jihyun Lee, Yui Park, Dong-Hun Han, Ji Won Yoo, Wenlian Zhou, Pearl Kim and Jay J. Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:766

    Content type: Research article

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  26. China is making efforts to promote the equalization of National Essential Public Health Services (NEPHS) for internal migrants. Studies have demonstrated that the impacts of social capital on health services a...

    Authors: Zhen Yang and Cheng-hua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:751

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Iranians face being overweight as one of the most common health problems, which is more prevalent among women. This study aimed to identify gender differences in determinants of being overweight in 40- to 70-y...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Dastgheib, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Najmeh Maharlouei, Salar Rahimikazerooni and Kamran B. Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:746

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Gender inequality varies across countries and is associated with poor outcomes including violence against women and depression. Little is known about the relationship of source county gender inequality and poo...

    Authors: Michael Lebenbaum, Therese A. Stukel, Natasha Ruth Saunders, Hong Lu, Marcelo Urquia, Paul Kurdyak and Astrid Guttmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:739

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The available evidence of the health effects of urban regeneration is scarce In Latin America, and there are no studies focused on formal housing that longitudinally evaluate the impact of housing and neighbor...

    Authors: Fernando Baeza, Alejandra Vives Vergara, Francisca González, Laura Orlando, Roxana Valdebenito, Andrea Cortinez-O’Ryan, Claire Slesinski and Ana V. Diez Roux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:728

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Health care access is an important driver of population health, and factors beyond health care also drive health outcomes. Recognizing the importance of the social determinants of health (SDOH), different acto...

    Authors: Aliza Petiwala, Daniel Lanford, Glenn Landers and Karen Minyard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:712

    Content type: Research article

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  31. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this. We aimed to assess the health, psychosocial and economic impacts...

    Authors: Kavita Singh, Dimple Kondal, Sailesh Mohan, Suganthi Jaganathan, Mohan Deepa, Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Prashant Jarhyan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan, Nikhil Tandon, Mohammed K. Ali, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Karen Eggleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:685

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Child marriage is a human rights violation disproportionately impacting girls in low- and middle-income countries. In the Middle East region, conflict and displacement have prompted concerns that families are ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Salma Abou Hussein, Sali Hafez, May Elsallab, Kara Hunersen, Janna Metzler and W. Courtland Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:674

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Infant feeding practices are imperative for babies’ and mothers’ health and emotional wellbeing. Although infant feeding may seem simple, the decisions surrounding it are complex and have far-reaching implicat...

    Authors: Josephine Etowa, Jean Hannan, Egbe B. Etowa, Seye Babatunde and J. Craig Phillips

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:663

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The ways church youth make sexual decisions are incompletely understood and yet important for public health interventions. This study aimed to examine personal religiosity influences on the sexual decisions by...

    Authors: Elias Mpofu, Kayi Ntinda, Lisa Lopez Levers, Angelique van Rensberg and Fidelis Nkomazana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:659

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Social inequalities in health threaten social cohesion and their investigation is an important research field. Monitoring the health of the population is necessary to identify health needs, design programs foc...

    Authors: P. Ellina, N. Middleton, E. Lambrinou and C. Kouta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:608

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Many countries currently recommend that screening for cervical cancer begin at the age of 25 years. Premature screening (before that age) could lead to unnecessary follow-up examinations and procedures that tu...

    Authors: Stéphanie Mignot, Virginie Ringa, Solène Vigoureux, Marie Zins, Henri Panjo, Pierre-Jean Saulnier and Xavier Fritel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Sleep plays an important role in the health and well-being of middle aged and elderly people, and social capital may be one of the important factors for sleep disorders. This study aimed to understand the rela...

    Authors: Wangla Ciren, Wanqi Yu, Qucuo Nima, Xiong Xiao, Junmin Zhou, Deji Suolang, Yajie Li, Xing Zhao, Peng Jia and Shujuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:591

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Health literacy is essential to self-care, which is an important precedence to improve the quality of healthcare services and a key factor in health. It also plays a pivotal role in decision-making in various ...

    Authors: Arezoo Yari, Marzieh Soofimajidpoor, Ghobad Moradi, Farzam Bidarpoor, Haidar Nadrian, Abedin Iranpoor, Mehdi Zokaie, Daem Raoshani, Nahid Ghotbi and Yadolah Zarezadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:589

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Diarrhoea poses serious health problems among under-five children (U5C) in Low-and Medium-Income Countries (LMIC) with a higher prevalence in rural areas. A gap exists in knowledge on factors driving rural-non...

    Authors: A. F. Fagbamigbe, F. F. Oyinlola, O. M. Morakinyo, A. S. Adebowale, O. S. Fagbamigbe and A. O. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:575

    Content type: Research article

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  40. China is becoming an aging society. The emotional health of the elderly is gaining importance. Social trust is an important factor affecting emotional health, but existing studies have rarely considered the va...

    Authors: Hongsheng Chen and Zhenjun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:556

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In South Africa, human geographic mobility is high as people engage in both permanent and temporary relocation, predominantly from rural to urban areas. Such mobility can compromise healthcare access and utili...

    Authors: Carren Ginsburg, Mark A. Collinson, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Mark Gross, Sadson Harawa, Mark N. Lurie, Keith Mukondwa, Chantel F. Pheiffer, Stephen Tollman, Rebecca Wang and Michael J. White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:554

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Lung Cancer (LC) is one of the most prevalent cancer diseases. Due to the lack of databases which allow the combination of information on individual socioeconomic status (SES) and cancer incidence, research on...

    Authors: Fabian Tetzlaff, Jelena Epping, Juliane Tetzlaff, Heiko Golpon and Siegfried Geyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Poverty increases the risk of cardiac disease, while diminishing the resources available to mitigate that risk. Available prevention programs often require resources that low-income residents of urban areas do...

    Authors: Rachel S. Kirzner, Inga Robbins, Meghan Privitello and Marianne Miserandino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:504

    Content type: Research article

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