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Social determinants of health

Section edited by David Rehkopf.

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

  1. Content type: Research article

    Mass shootings are an increasingly common phenomenon in the United States. However, there is little research on whether the recent growth of income inequality is associated with this rise of mass shootings. We...

    Authors: Roy Kwon and Joseph F. Cabrera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1147

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Immunization is an effective public health intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality among children and it will become more effective if the child can receive the full course of recommended immunization d...

    Authors: Damyanthy Krishna, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli, Salmiah Md Said and Aidalina Mahmud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1275

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Interpersonal discrimination experience has been associated with adverse birth outcomes. Limited research has evaluated this relationship within multicultural contexts outside the United States where the natur...

    Authors: Zaneta Thayer, Laia Bécares and Polly Atatoa Carr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1271

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Lower health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in a range of common mental and physical disorders among adolescent students. Ample studies indicated low HL is associated with a series of chronic dise...

    Authors: Shi-chen Zhang, Dan-lin Li, Rong Yang, Yu-hui Wan, Fang-biao Tao and Jun Fang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1259

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Automated Vehicles (AVs) are central to the new mobility paradigm that promises to transform transportation systems and cities across the globe. To date, much of the research on AVs has focused on technologica...

    Authors: Jennifer Dean, Alexander J. Wray, Lucas Braun, Jeffrey M. Casello, Lindsay McCallum and Stephanie Gower

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1258

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  6. Content type: Research article

    One of the greatest effects of the financial crisis in Spain has been the enormous increase in the number of evictions. Several studies have shown the association of evictions with different aspects of the phy...

    Authors: Inmaculada Mateo-Rodríguez, Laura Miccoli, Antonio Daponte-Codina, Julia Bolívar-Muñoz, Cecilia Escudero-Espinosa, M. Carmen Fernández-Santaella, Jaime Vila-Castellar, Humbelina Robles-Ortega, José Luis Mata-Martín and Mariola Bernal-Solano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1250

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  7. Content type: Research article

    With the increase of overall life expectancy in Japan, effective and beneficial lifestyle approaches and practices are crucial for individuals to have a long, productive and healthy life. Although previous stu...

    Authors: Takafumi Monma, Fumi Takeda, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Taeko Watanabe and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1238

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Given the urban-rural structure and the increase in rural-to-urban migration, three types of children have emerged in contemporary China: rural, urban, and migrant children. Health disparities among these type...

    Authors: Dianxi Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1219

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Social capital is a multilevel construct impacting health. Community level social capital, beyond the neighborhood, has received relatively less attention. Moreover, the measurement of community level social c...

    Authors: Kim Nichols Dauner and Neil A. Wilmot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1184

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent pregnancy poses risks to the life of a young mother and her baby, and can affect their health, educational and future employment outcomes. In many low- and middle-income countries like the Philippin...

    Authors: Christine Marie Habito, Cathy Vaughan and Alison Morgan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1142

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Medical Aid beneficiaries in Korea are more likely to have poor health status and to receive insufficient healthcare services, but their life expectancy has not been compared with that of National Health Insur...

    Authors: Jinwook Bahk, Hee-Yeon Kang and Young-Ho Khang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1137

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The mortality rate in children under 5 years old (U5MR) has decreased considerably in Ecuador in the last decade; however, thousands of children continue to die from causes related to poverty. A social program...

    Authors: Ana L. Moncayo, Guillermo Granizo, Mario J. Grijalva and Davide Rasella

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1132

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the risk and addiction perceptions of e-cigarettes among Asian populations. We examined e-cigarette perceptions among young adults in Hong Kong and the association between the perceptions...

    Authors: Nan Jiang, Charles M. Cleland, Man Ping Wang, Antonio Kwong, Vienna Lai and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1123

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the relationship of the degree of urbanization to cardiovascular mortality and to risk behaviours before, during and after the 2008 economic crisis in Spain.

    Authors: Almudena Moreno-Lostao, Juan M. Guerras, Lourdes Lostao, Luis de la Fuente, David Martínez, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Enrique Regidor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1109

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is pervasive throughout the world, with profound consequences for women’s health. While women’s ‘economic empowerment’ is touted as a potential means to reduce IPV, evidence is ...

    Authors: Tanya Abramsky, Shelley Lees, Heidi Stöckl, Sheila Harvey, Imma Kapinga, Meghna Ranganathan, Gerry Mshana and Saidi Kapiga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1108

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Young gay and bisexual men disproportionately experience depression, anxiety, and substance use problems and are among the highest risk group for HIV infection in the U.S. Diverse methods locate the source of ...

    Authors: John E. Pachankis, Erin M. McConocha, Jesse S. Reynolds, Roxanne Winston, Oluwaseyi Adeyinka, Audrey Harkness, Charles L. Burton, Kriti Behari, Timothy J. Sullivan, Adam I. Eldahan, Denise A. Esserman, Mark L. Hatzenbuehler and Steven A. Safren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1086

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Social disadvantages that start during childhood and continue into the later stages in life may be linked to the presence of diabetes during adulthood. Objective. To analyze whether the presence of social disadva...

    Authors: María Fernanda Carrillo-Vega, Cidronio Albavera-Hernández, Ricardo Ramírez-Aldana and Carmen García-Peña

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1013

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Over-indebtedness is currently rising in high-income countries. Millions of citizens are confronted with the persistent situation when household income and assets are insufficient to cover payment obligations ...

    Authors: Jacqueline Warth, Marie-Therese Puth, Judith Tillmann, Johannes Porz, Ulrike Zier, Klaus Weckbecker and Eva Münster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:957

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Children spend a considerable amount of time at school and consume at least one meal/day. This study aimed to investigate if a free, healthy school meal every day for one school year was associated with childr...

    Authors: Frøydis N. Vik, Wendy Van Lippevelde and Nina C. Øverby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:951

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Given the anti-immigrant rhetoric and policy proposals by President Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign and afterwards, his election to president in November 2016 and subsequent policy changes h...

    Authors: Paul J. Fleming, William D. Lopez, Hannah Mesa, Raymond Rion, Ellen Rabinowitz, Richard Bryce and Monika Doshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:947

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Consumption of fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of obesity, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. The study assessed the pattern of intake and the factors that influence dai...

    Authors: Kufre Joseph Okop, Kululwa Ndayi, Lungiswa Tsolekile, David Sanders and Thandi Puoane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:940

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Born in Bradford (BiB) is a prospective multi-ethnic pregnancy and birth cohort study that was established to examine determinants of health and development during childhood and, subsequently, adult life in a ...

    Authors: Philippa K Bird, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Mark Mon-Williams, Neil Small, Jane West, Peter Whincup, John Wright, Elizabeth Andrews, Sally E Barber, Liam J B Hill, Laura Lennon, Dan Mason, Katy A Shire, Dagmar Waiblinger, Amanda H. Waterman, Deborah A. Lawlor…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:939

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of food insecurity (FI) as “the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for an always active and healthy life” and diabetes as “the most common metabolic disease” are rising in Iran. Th...

    Authors: Narjes Najibi, Roya Firoozi, Shaghayegh Shahrezaee, Mohammadreza Eshraghian, Milad Daneshi-Maskooni and Ahmadreza Dorosty-Motlagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:885

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Methamphetamine use not only impacts health and the economy but also causes social impairment, particularly among the poorly educated and underprivileged young populations among the hill tribes in northern Tha...

    Authors: Chalitar Chomchoei, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Pilasinee Wongnuch, Ratipark Tamornpark, Panupong Upala and Marisa Poomiphak Na Nongkhai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:847

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Aim of this study is to determine if peer group risk behaviors and neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) would ecologically affect injury incidence according to place and gender among adolescents (aged 13–1...

    Authors: Ki Ok Ahn, Jungeun Kim, Sang Do Shin, Hyesook Park, Federico E. Vaca and Ju Ok Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:830

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is the leading cause of disability in young people (aged 15–25) globally. Loneliness is a major factor in the development and relapse of depression in young people, yet few interventions directly ad...

    Authors: Tegan Cruwys, Catherine Haslam, Zoe C. Walter, Joanne Rathbone and Elyse Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:788

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  27. Content type: Research article

    India’s economic development and urbanisation in recent decades has varied considerably between states. Attempts to assess how overweight (including obesity) varies by socioeconomic position at the national le...

    Authors: Shammi Luhar, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Lynda Clarke and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:783

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The majority of empirical studies focus on a single Social Determinant of Health (SDH) when analysing health inequalities. We go beyond this by exploring how the combination of education (micro level) and hous...

    Authors: Jordi Gumà, Aïda Solé-Auró and Bruno Arpino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:699

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Frequent users of emergency medical services (EMS) comprise a disproportionate percentage of emergency department (ED) visits. EDs are becoming increasingly overwhelmed and a portion of use by frequent callers...

    Authors: Gina Agarwal, Janice Lee, Brent McLeod, Sabnam Mahmuda, Michelle Howard, Krista Cockrell and Ricardo Angeles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:684

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  30. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, coronary artery disease (CAD), including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), is the most common cause of death worldwide as well as in Europe and Aus...

    Authors: Christian Roth, Rudolf Berger and Michael Kuhn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:630

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Disability poses an important challenge to countries all over the world since it affects more than 15% of the global population. The disability prevalence is higher in developing countries compared to develope...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Luay Ziq and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:432

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Past research has shown that individuals who have had experiences of out-of-home care (OHC) in childhood have increased risks of premature mortality. Prior studies also suggest that these individuals are more ...

    Authors: Ylva B. Almquist and Lars Brännström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:418

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