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Social determinants of health

Section edited by David Rehkopf.

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

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  1. Knowledge of the relationship between men’s health and violence is flawed by narrow and faulty conceptualization and measurement of violence that often results in attribution of health problems to one form or ...

    Authors: Kelly Scott-Storey, Sue O’Donnell, Judith Wuest, Judith MacIntosh and Marilyn Merritt-Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:418

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Paraquat self-poisonings constitute a significant contributor to the global burden of suicide. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between social and economic variables with the incidence of self-poisonin...

    Authors: Jefferson Antonio Buendía, Gabriel Jaime Restrepo Chavarriaga and Andres F. Zuluaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Since the implementation of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) in 2005, Maternal Mortality Ratio has significantly declined in India through a noticeable improvement in maternal health care services. However...

    Authors: Balhasan Ali and Shekhar Chauhan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:369

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Life expectancy acts as a population measure of the performance of healthcare systems. Regional disparities on life expectancy in Indonesia has been persisted and become a public health policy challenge. A sys...

    Authors: Sekar Ayu Paramita, Chiho Yamazaki and Hiroshi Koyama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:351

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The “Employment in the neighbourhoods” program is an innovative, tailor-made Active Labour Market Program that has been implemented in 12 neighbourhoods in Barcelona (Spain). Its goal is to get people from dep...

    Authors: Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Davide Malmusi, Lucía Artazcoz, Xavier Bartoll, Eva Clotet, Imma Cortès-Franch, Lorena Ventura, Ferran Daban, Èlia Díez and Carme Borrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:345

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The health of forcibly displaced individuals changes along their migration path and estimates of disease burden are essential to develop health care policies and practices adequately corresponding to their hea...

    Authors: Elisabeth Marie Strømme, Jasmin Haj-Younes, Wegdan Hasha, Lars T. Fadnes, Bernadette Kumar, Jannicke Igland and Esperanza Diaz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:341

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In Malawi, loss to follow-up (LTFU) of HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women on Option B+ regimen greatly contributes to sub-optimal retention, estimated to be 74% at 12 months postpartum. This threatens ...

    Authors: S. Mpinganjira, T. Tchereni, A. Gunda and V. Mwapasa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The National Development Plan (NDP) strives that South Africa, by 2030, in pursuit of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) achieve a significant shift in the equity of health services provision. This paper provides...

    Authors: Tanja Gordon, Frederik Booysen and Josue Mbonigaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Austerity has been shown to have an adverse influence on people’s mental health and suicide rates. Most existing studies have focused on the governments’ reactions to a single event, for example, the Great Rec...

    Authors: Tetsuya Matsubayashi, Kozue Sekijima and Michiko Ueda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:243

    Content type: Research article

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  10. More than one-third of children under 3 years old are left behind at home due to parental migration in rural China, and we know very little about early childhood nutrition of left-behind children (LBC) because...

    Authors: Huifeng Shi, Jingxu Zhang, Yufeng Du, Chunxia Zhao, Xiaona Huang and Xiaoli Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:246

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Understanding women’s life conditions regarding their non-participation in different health-promoting and disease-preventing activities is important as it may draw attention to potential areas for improvement ...

    Authors: Maria Norfjord van Zyl, Sharareh Akhavan, Per Tillgren and Margareta Asp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Birth order has been shown to affect the health of the child; less is known, however, about how birth order affects caries development in children. Thus, the present study investigated the association between ...

    Authors: A. Julihn, F. C. Soares, U. Hammarfjord, A. Hjern and G. Dahllöf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The built environment is a structural determinant of health and has been shown to influence health expenditures, behaviors, and outcomes. Traditional methods of assessing built environment characteristics are ...

    Authors: Jessica M. Keralis, Mehran Javanmardi, Sahil Khanna, Pallavi Dwivedi, Dina Huang, Tolga Tasdizen and Quynh C. Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Overweight and obesity are major health concerns worldwide, with adverse health consequences during the life span. This study measured socioeconomic inequality in overweight and obesity among Iranian adults.

    Authors: Farid Najafi, Shahin Soltani, Behzad Karami Matin, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Satar Rezaei, Moslem Soofi, Yahya Salimi, Mehdi Moradinazar, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Loghman Barzegar, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Reza Malekzadeh, Hossein Poustchi, Sareh Eghtesad…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Food insecurity is a pressing social and public health issue that varies in degree and impact on individuals and social groups, requiring immediate attention for policymakers and decision-makers. This study wa...

    Authors: Amare Wubishet Ayele, Mulusew Kassa, Yenesew Fentahun and Hayimro Edmealem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Greater travel time to cancer care has been identified as a potential barrier to care as well as associated with worse health outcomes. While rural cancer patients have been shown to travel farther for care, i...

    Authors: Joel E. Segel and Eugene J. Lengerich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Declining response rates are a common challenge to epidemiological research. Response rates further are particularly low among young people. We thus aimed to identify factors associated with health survey resp...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Olli Pietiläinen, Sauli Jäppinen, Mikko Laaksonen, Jouni Lahti and Ossi Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Disability is an evolving concept that results from the complex interaction between a person with an impairment and the context in which he/she lives. There is limited understanding on the types, access and us...

    Authors: María Luisa Toro-Hernandez, Laura Villa-Torres, Mónica Alejandra Mondragón-Barrera and Wendy Camelo-Castillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Oral cancers account for 3% of annual U.S. cancer diagnosis, 2 in 5 of which are diagnosed late when prognosis is poor. The purpose of this study was to report the population-level prevalence of oral cancer ex...

    Authors: Aderonke A. Akinkugbe, Dina T. Garcia, Tegwyn H. Brickhouse and Maghboeba Mosavel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Current research advocates lifestyle factors to manage workers’ health issues, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type II diabetes mellitus, among other things (World Health Organization (WHO) Obesity: p...

    Authors: Iffath U. B. Syed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the world. With effective intervention and control of cardiovascular risk factors, mortality rates may be reduced. The aim of this study was to inv...

    Authors: Mohsen Mirzaei, Masoud Mirzaei, Ali Reza Sarsangi and Nasser Bagheri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Oral disease is a serious public health issue, and Hispanic children in the United States (US) are more likely than children of other racial/ethnic groups to experience dental caries. Although Hispanic childre...

    Authors: Faizan A. Kabani, Erica L. Stockbridge, Bibi Berly Varghese and Abiah D. Loethen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Research has shown that discrimination is harmful to health, but there is relatively little known about discrimination experienced by people from refugee and asylum-seeking backgrounds in resettlement countrie...

    Authors: Anna Ziersch, Clemence Due and Moira Walsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Southern region of the United States is home to substantial populations with obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia, while also housing a large percentage of America’s minority, rural, and low soc...

    Authors: Stephen E. Hudson, Matthew S. Feigenbaum, Nirav Patil, Elan Ding, Alex Ewing and Jennifer L. Trilk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of T2D; however, no study has evaluated the effect of a lifestyle intervention involving patients´ family. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of an interdisci...

    Authors: Katya Vargas-Ortiz, Georgina Lira-Mendiola, Claudia M. Gómez-Navarro, Katya Padilla-Estrada, Fabiola Angulo-Romero, José M. Hernández-Márquez, Ana K. Villa-Martínez, Jessica N. González-Mena, Maciste H. Macías-Cervantes, Maria de Lourdes Reyes-Escogido and Rodolfo Guardado-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The NHS Health Check (NHSHC) is a risk assessment for those aged 40–74 without a pre-existing condition in England, with the aim of preventing stroke, kidney disease, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and dementi...

    Authors: Amanda Bunten, Lucy Porter, Natalie Gold and Vanessa Bogle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Cultivation of tobacco raises concerns about detrimental health and social consequences for youth, but tobacco producing countries only highlight economic benefits. We compared sociodemographic and health-rela...

    Authors: Ethel Alderete, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Celia Kaplan, Steven E. Gregorich, Raúl Mejía and Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Parent-child communication is an effective tool for fostering healthy sexual and reproductive behaviours among adolescents. However, the topic is underexplored in Nigeria. This study examines how parents and c...

    Authors: Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Irene Eze, Chibuike Agu, Uche Ezenwaka, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patient-centered care is pillar 1 of the “End TB” strategy, but little has been documented in the literature about what this means for people living with rifampicin-resistant (RR-TB). Optimizing care for such ...

    Authors: Jennifer Furin, Marian Loveday, Sindisiwe Hlangu, Lindy Dickson-Hall, Sacha le Roux, Mark Nicol and Helen Cox

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Disease-causing poverty is a serious problem in rural China, where social capital can mediate the disease—poverty relationship. However, there is no generally accepted reliable, robust and viable measure of so...

    Authors: Lizheng Xu, Min Guo, Stephen Nicholas, Long Sun, Fan Yang and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Marked disparities by socioeconomic status in the risk of potentially avoidable hospitalization for chronic illnesses have been observed in many contexts, including those with universal health coverage. Less w...

    Authors: Neeru Gupta, Dan L. Crouse and Adele Balram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Heart disease and stroke are among the leading causes of death in Native Americans. Knowledge of heart attack and stroke symptomology are essential for prompt identification of symptoms and for appropriate act...

    Authors: Jared C. Van Hooser, Krista L. Rouse, Mandy L. Meyer, Amanda M. Siegler, Beth M. Fruehauf, Elliot H. Ballance, Sarah M. Solberg, Michael J. Dibble and M. Nawal Lutfiyya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  33. People in socially disadvantaged groups face a myriad of challenges to their health. Discrimination, based on group status such as gender, immigration generation, race/ethnicity, or religion, are a well-docume...

    Authors: Joshua G. Rivenbark and Mathieu Ichou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Despite known associations between different aspects of sexual health, it is not clear how patterning of adverse sexual health varies across the general population. A better understanding should contribute tow...

    Authors: Alison Parkes, Michael Waltenberger, Catherine Mercer, Anne Johnson, Kaye Wellings and Kirstin Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Africans immigrants in the United States are the least-studied immigrant group, despite the research and policy efforts to address health disparities within immigrant communities. Although their healthcare exp...

    Authors: Ogbonnaya I. Omenka, Dennis P. Watson and Hugh C. Hendrie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Social capital is generally portrayed to be protective of adolescents’ health and wellbeing against the effects of socioeconomic inequalities. However, few empirical evidence exist on this protective role of s...

    Authors: Evelyn Aboagye Addae

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents with CP in low and middle-income countries is often poor, as is the case in Bangladesh. This exploratory study examined what factors predict the proxy-...

    Authors: Rosalie Power, Claire Galea, Mohammad Muhit, Eamin Heanoy, Tasneem Karim, Nadia Badawi and Gulam Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Studies from European and non-European countries have shown that migrants utilize cervical cancer screening less often than non-migrants. Findings from Germany are inconsistent. This can be explained by severa...

    Authors: Patrick Brzoska, Tuğba Aksakal and Yüce Yilmaz-Aslan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  39. University postgraduates’ mobility towards, and outside the EU is continuously increasing, creating a competitive context in which maintaining a high life satisfaction (LS) is a public health challenge. Howeve...

    Authors: Angela Odero, Louis Chauvel, Anne Hartung, Etienne le Bihan and Michèle Baumann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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