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Social determinants of health

Section edited by David Rehkopf.

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

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  1. Understanding women’s life conditions regarding their non-participation in different health-promoting and disease-preventing activities is important as it may draw attention to potential areas for improvement ...

    Authors: Maria Norfjord van Zyl, Sharareh Akhavan, Per Tillgren and Margareta Asp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Birth order has been shown to affect the health of the child; less is known, however, about how birth order affects caries development in children. Thus, the present study investigated the association between ...

    Authors: A. Julihn, F. C. Soares, U. Hammarfjord, A. Hjern and G. Dahllöf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The built environment is a structural determinant of health and has been shown to influence health expenditures, behaviors, and outcomes. Traditional methods of assessing built environment characteristics are ...

    Authors: Jessica M. Keralis, Mehran Javanmardi, Sahil Khanna, Pallavi Dwivedi, Dina Huang, Tolga Tasdizen and Quynh C. Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Overweight and obesity are major health concerns worldwide, with adverse health consequences during the life span. This study measured socioeconomic inequality in overweight and obesity among Iranian adults.

    Authors: Farid Najafi, Shahin Soltani, Behzad Karami Matin, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Satar Rezaei, Moslem Soofi, Yahya Salimi, Mehdi Moradinazar, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Loghman Barzegar, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Reza Malekzadeh, Hossein Poustchi, Sareh Eghtesad…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Food insecurity is a pressing social and public health issue that varies in degree and impact on individuals and social groups, requiring immediate attention for policymakers and decision-makers. This study wa...

    Authors: Amare Wubishet Ayele, Mulusew Kassa, Yenesew Fentahun and Hayimro Edmealem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Greater travel time to cancer care has been identified as a potential barrier to care as well as associated with worse health outcomes. While rural cancer patients have been shown to travel farther for care, i...

    Authors: Joel E. Segel and Eugene J. Lengerich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Declining response rates are a common challenge to epidemiological research. Response rates further are particularly low among young people. We thus aimed to identify factors associated with health survey resp...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Olli Pietiläinen, Sauli Jäppinen, Mikko Laaksonen, Jouni Lahti and Ossi Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Disability is an evolving concept that results from the complex interaction between a person with an impairment and the context in which he/she lives. There is limited understanding on the types, access and us...

    Authors: María Luisa Toro-Hernandez, Laura Villa-Torres, Mónica Alejandra Mondragón-Barrera and Wendy Camelo-Castillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Oral cancers account for 3% of annual U.S. cancer diagnosis, 2 in 5 of which are diagnosed late when prognosis is poor. The purpose of this study was to report the population-level prevalence of oral cancer ex...

    Authors: Aderonke A. Akinkugbe, Dina T. Garcia, Tegwyn H. Brickhouse and Maghboeba Mosavel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Current research advocates lifestyle factors to manage workers’ health issues, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type II diabetes mellitus, among other things (World Health Organization (WHO) Obesity: p...

    Authors: Iffath U. B. Syed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the world. With effective intervention and control of cardiovascular risk factors, mortality rates may be reduced. The aim of this study was to inv...

    Authors: Mohsen Mirzaei, Masoud Mirzaei, Ali Reza Sarsangi and Nasser Bagheri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Oral disease is a serious public health issue, and Hispanic children in the United States (US) are more likely than children of other racial/ethnic groups to experience dental caries. Although Hispanic childre...

    Authors: Faizan A. Kabani, Erica L. Stockbridge, Bibi Berly Varghese and Abiah D. Loethen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Research has shown that discrimination is harmful to health, but there is relatively little known about discrimination experienced by people from refugee and asylum-seeking backgrounds in resettlement countrie...

    Authors: Anna Ziersch, Clemence Due and Moira Walsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Southern region of the United States is home to substantial populations with obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia, while also housing a large percentage of America’s minority, rural, and low soc...

    Authors: Stephen E. Hudson, Matthew S. Feigenbaum, Nirav Patil, Elan Ding, Alex Ewing and Jennifer L. Trilk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of T2D; however, no study has evaluated the effect of a lifestyle intervention involving patients´ family. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of an interdisci...

    Authors: Katya Vargas-Ortiz, Georgina Lira-Mendiola, Claudia M. Gómez-Navarro, Katya Padilla-Estrada, Fabiola Angulo-Romero, José M. Hernández-Márquez, Ana K. Villa-Martínez, Jessica N. González-Mena, Maciste H. Macías-Cervantes, Maria de Lourdes Reyes-Escogido and Rodolfo Guardado-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The NHS Health Check (NHSHC) is a risk assessment for those aged 40–74 without a pre-existing condition in England, with the aim of preventing stroke, kidney disease, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and dementi...

    Authors: Amanda Bunten, Lucy Porter, Natalie Gold and Vanessa Bogle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cultivation of tobacco raises concerns about detrimental health and social consequences for youth, but tobacco producing countries only highlight economic benefits. We compared sociodemographic and health-rela...

    Authors: Ethel Alderete, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Celia Kaplan, Steven E. Gregorich, Raúl Mejía and Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Parent-child communication is an effective tool for fostering healthy sexual and reproductive behaviours among adolescents. However, the topic is underexplored in Nigeria. This study examines how parents and c...

    Authors: Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Irene Eze, Chibuike Agu, Uche Ezenwaka, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Patient-centered care is pillar 1 of the “End TB” strategy, but little has been documented in the literature about what this means for people living with rifampicin-resistant (RR-TB). Optimizing care for such ...

    Authors: Jennifer Furin, Marian Loveday, Sindisiwe Hlangu, Lindy Dickson-Hall, Sacha le Roux, Mark Nicol and Helen Cox

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Disease-causing poverty is a serious problem in rural China, where social capital can mediate the disease—poverty relationship. However, there is no generally accepted reliable, robust and viable measure of so...

    Authors: Lizheng Xu, Min Guo, Stephen Nicholas, Long Sun, Fan Yang and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Marked disparities by socioeconomic status in the risk of potentially avoidable hospitalization for chronic illnesses have been observed in many contexts, including those with universal health coverage. Less w...

    Authors: Neeru Gupta, Dan L. Crouse and Adele Balram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Heart disease and stroke are among the leading causes of death in Native Americans. Knowledge of heart attack and stroke symptomology are essential for prompt identification of symptoms and for appropriate act...

    Authors: Jared C. Van Hooser, Krista L. Rouse, Mandy L. Meyer, Amanda M. Siegler, Beth M. Fruehauf, Elliot H. Ballance, Sarah M. Solberg, Michael J. Dibble and M. Nawal Lutfiyya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  23. People in socially disadvantaged groups face a myriad of challenges to their health. Discrimination, based on group status such as gender, immigration generation, race/ethnicity, or religion, are a well-docume...

    Authors: Joshua G. Rivenbark and Mathieu Ichou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite known associations between different aspects of sexual health, it is not clear how patterning of adverse sexual health varies across the general population. A better understanding should contribute tow...

    Authors: Alison Parkes, Michael Waltenberger, Catherine Mercer, Anne Johnson, Kaye Wellings and Kirstin Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Africans immigrants in the United States are the least-studied immigrant group, despite the research and policy efforts to address health disparities within immigrant communities. Although their healthcare exp...

    Authors: Ogbonnaya I. Omenka, Dennis P. Watson and Hugh C. Hendrie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Social capital is generally portrayed to be protective of adolescents’ health and wellbeing against the effects of socioeconomic inequalities. However, few empirical evidence exist on this protective role of s...

    Authors: Evelyn Aboagye Addae

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents with CP in low and middle-income countries is often poor, as is the case in Bangladesh. This exploratory study examined what factors predict the proxy-...

    Authors: Rosalie Power, Claire Galea, Mohammad Muhit, Eamin Heanoy, Tasneem Karim, Nadia Badawi and Gulam Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Studies from European and non-European countries have shown that migrants utilize cervical cancer screening less often than non-migrants. Findings from Germany are inconsistent. This can be explained by severa...

    Authors: Patrick Brzoska, Tuğba Aksakal and Yüce Yilmaz-Aslan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. University postgraduates’ mobility towards, and outside the EU is continuously increasing, creating a competitive context in which maintaining a high life satisfaction (LS) is a public health challenge. Howeve...

    Authors: Angela Odero, Louis Chauvel, Anne Hartung, Etienne le Bihan and Michèle Baumann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The Canary Islands is one of the Spanish Regions with the highest obesity prevalence, and one of the Autonomous Communities that was hit hard by the economic crisis that arrived to Spain in 2008. This research...

    Authors: Aránzazu Hernández-Yumar, Ignacio Abásolo Alessón and Beatriz González López-Valcárcel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1755

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. While discrimination takes multiple forms, racial or ethnic discrimination is a root cause of this health-damaging social phenomenon. We drew on intersectionality theory, which offers an account of discriminat...

    Authors: Nihaya Daoud, Neveen Ali Saleh-Darawshy, Meiyin Gao, Ruslan Sergienko, Stephanie Ruth Sestito and Nabil Geraisy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1741

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China. However, identifying patients has proved challenging, resulting in widespread under-diagnosis of the conditi...

    Authors: Marco Koch, Thomas Butt, Wudong Guo, Xue Li, Yirong Chen, Diana Tan and Gordon G. Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1727

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Increasing evidence suggests that psychological well-being (PWB) is associated with lower disease and mortality risk, and may be enhanced with relatively low-cost interventions. Yet, dissemination of these int...

    Authors: Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Rachel A. Millstein, Christiana von Hippel, Chanelle J. Howe, Linda Powers Tomasso, Gregory R. Wagner and Tyler J. VanderWeele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1712

    Content type: Debate

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  34. The social determinants of health have been widely recognised yet there remains a lack of clarity regarding what constitute the macro-economic determinants of health and what can be done to address them. An um...

    Authors: Yannish Naik, Peter Baker, Sharif A. Ismail, Taavi Tillmann, Kristin Bash, Darryl Quantz, Frances Hillier-Brown, Wikum Jayatunga, Gill Kelly, Michelle Black, Anya Gopfert, Peter Roderick, Ben Barr and Clare Bambra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1678

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The purpose of this correspondence is to express our disappointment with the coverage of the BMC Public Health supplement: Vol 19 (4) titled “Health and Nutritional Issues Among Low Income Population in Malaysia”...

    Authors: Geok Lin Khor and Zalilah Mohd Shariff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1685

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  36. Race and place intersect to produce location-based variation in disease distributions. We analyzed the geographic distribution of tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Michigan, USA to better understand the complex i...

    Authors: Grace A. Noppert, Philippa Clarke, Margaret T. Hicken and Mark L. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1669

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Anemia among Women of Reproductive Age (WRA) continues to be among the major public health problems in many developing countries, including Rwanda, where it increased in prevalence between the 2015 and 2010 Rw...

    Authors: Dieudonne Hakizimana, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Jenae Logan and Rex Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1662

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Childhood immunization programmes have made substantial contributions to lowering the burden of disease among children in developing countries, however a large proportion of children still remain unimmunized. ...

    Authors: Abrham Wondimu, Qi Cao, Jan C. Wilschut and Maarten J. Postma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1656

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The prevalence of hookah consumption has been on the increase in Iran over the past two decades. This rate is higher among women than men in the south of Iran than other geographical areas. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Sakineh Dadipoor, Gerjo Kok, Teamur Aghamolaei, Mohtasham Ghaffari, Ali Heyrani and Amin Ghanbarnezhad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1655

    Content type: Research article

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