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Social determinants of health

This section aims to publish the latest research related to the social determinants of health, including, but not limited to, the influences and interactions of personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity, disability and hereditary factors), social and community networks (family and wider social circles), living and working conditions (work, housing, education), and general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions (taxation, availability of work) on public health and wellbeing.

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  1. There is increasing recognition of the importance of children’s play from a public health perspective, given the links between play and children’s physical and mental health. The present research aimed to deve...

    Authors: Helen F. Dodd, Rachel J. Nesbit and Laura R. Maratchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:878

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Low birth weight and prematurity remain leading causes of infant mortality and morbidity globally. Although extensive literature has highlighted the importance of socioenvironmental characteristics for birth o...

    Authors: Angélica Carreira dos Santos, Alexandra Brentani and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:865

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced in Norway in 2009, the vaccine uptake has increased. Whether this increase is similar regardless of the girls’ country background is unknown. We exam...

    Authors: Randi Dalene Bjerke, Ida Laake, Berit Feiring, Geir Aamodt and Lill Trogstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:854

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Parent-child separation is a considerable adversity for left-behind children (LBC), but there is little evidence on the association between detailed characteristics of parent-child separation and social-emotio...

    Authors: Huifeng Shi, Yuanyuan Wang, Mengshi Li, Chang Tan, Chunxia Zhao, Xiaona Huang, Yan Dou, Xiaoqian Duan, Yufeng Du, Tianchen Wu, Xiaoli Wang and Jingxu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:823

    Content type: Research article

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  5. People from ethnically diverse backgrounds living with HIV are susceptible to adverse health and wellbeing outcomes, particularly as a consequence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination (HSD), though relativ...

    Authors: Anna Ziersch, Moira Walsh, Melanie Baak, Georgia Rowley, Enaam Oudih and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:779

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The number of North Korean defectors (NKDs) escaping to South Korea has increased. The health status of NKDs is an essential factor for a successful settlement into South Korean society. However, no studies ha...

    Authors: Jihyun Lee, Yui Park, Dong-Hun Han, Ji Won Yoo, Wenlian Zhou, Pearl Kim and Jay J. Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:766

    Content type: Research article

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  7. China is making efforts to promote the equalization of National Essential Public Health Services (NEPHS) for internal migrants. Studies have demonstrated that the impacts of social capital on health services a...

    Authors: Zhen Yang and Cheng-hua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:751

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Iranians face being overweight as one of the most common health problems, which is more prevalent among women. This study aimed to identify gender differences in determinants of being overweight in 40- to 70-y...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Dastgheib, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Najmeh Maharlouei, Salar Rahimikazerooni and Kamran B. Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:746

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Gender inequality varies across countries and is associated with poor outcomes including violence against women and depression. Little is known about the relationship of source county gender inequality and poo...

    Authors: Michael Lebenbaum, Therese A. Stukel, Natasha Ruth Saunders, Hong Lu, Marcelo Urquia, Paul Kurdyak and Astrid Guttmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:739

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The available evidence of the health effects of urban regeneration is scarce In Latin America, and there are no studies focused on formal housing that longitudinally evaluate the impact of housing and neighbor...

    Authors: Fernando Baeza, Alejandra Vives Vergara, Francisca González, Laura Orlando, Roxana Valdebenito, Andrea Cortinez-O’Ryan, Claire Slesinski and Ana V. Diez Roux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:728

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Health care access is an important driver of population health, and factors beyond health care also drive health outcomes. Recognizing the importance of the social determinants of health (SDOH), different acto...

    Authors: Aliza Petiwala, Daniel Lanford, Glenn Landers and Karen Minyard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:712

    Content type: Research article

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  12. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this. We aimed to assess the health, psychosocial and economic impacts...

    Authors: Kavita Singh, Dimple Kondal, Sailesh Mohan, Suganthi Jaganathan, Mohan Deepa, Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Prashant Jarhyan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan, Nikhil Tandon, Mohammed K. Ali, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Karen Eggleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:685

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Child marriage is a human rights violation disproportionately impacting girls in low- and middle-income countries. In the Middle East region, conflict and displacement have prompted concerns that families are ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Salma Abou Hussein, Sali Hafez, May Elsallab, Kara Hunersen, Janna Metzler and W. Courtland Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:674

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Infant feeding practices are imperative for babies’ and mothers’ health and emotional wellbeing. Although infant feeding may seem simple, the decisions surrounding it are complex and have far-reaching implicat...

    Authors: Josephine Etowa, Jean Hannan, Egbe B. Etowa, Seye Babatunde and J. Craig Phillips

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:663

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The ways church youth make sexual decisions are incompletely understood and yet important for public health interventions. This study aimed to examine personal religiosity influences on the sexual decisions by...

    Authors: Elias Mpofu, Kayi Ntinda, Lisa Lopez Levers, Angelique van Rensberg and Fidelis Nkomazana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:659

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Social inequalities in health threaten social cohesion and their investigation is an important research field. Monitoring the health of the population is necessary to identify health needs, design programs foc...

    Authors: P. Ellina, N. Middleton, E. Lambrinou and C. Kouta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:608

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Many countries currently recommend that screening for cervical cancer begin at the age of 25 years. Premature screening (before that age) could lead to unnecessary follow-up examinations and procedures that tu...

    Authors: Stéphanie Mignot, Virginie Ringa, Solène Vigoureux, Marie Zins, Henri Panjo, Pierre-Jean Saulnier and Xavier Fritel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Sleep plays an important role in the health and well-being of middle aged and elderly people, and social capital may be one of the important factors for sleep disorders. This study aimed to understand the rela...

    Authors: Wangla Ciren, Wanqi Yu, Qucuo Nima, Xiong Xiao, Junmin Zhou, Deji Suolang, Yajie Li, Xing Zhao, Peng Jia and Shujuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:591

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Health literacy is essential to self-care, which is an important precedence to improve the quality of healthcare services and a key factor in health. It also plays a pivotal role in decision-making in various ...

    Authors: Arezoo Yari, Marzieh Soofimajidpoor, Ghobad Moradi, Farzam Bidarpoor, Haidar Nadrian, Abedin Iranpoor, Mehdi Zokaie, Daem Raoshani, Nahid Ghotbi and Yadolah Zarezadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:589

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Diarrhoea poses serious health problems among under-five children (U5C) in Low-and Medium-Income Countries (LMIC) with a higher prevalence in rural areas. A gap exists in knowledge on factors driving rural-non...

    Authors: A. F. Fagbamigbe, F. F. Oyinlola, O. M. Morakinyo, A. S. Adebowale, O. S. Fagbamigbe and A. O. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:575

    Content type: Research article

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  21. China is becoming an aging society. The emotional health of the elderly is gaining importance. Social trust is an important factor affecting emotional health, but existing studies have rarely considered the va...

    Authors: Hongsheng Chen and Zhenjun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:556

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In South Africa, human geographic mobility is high as people engage in both permanent and temporary relocation, predominantly from rural to urban areas. Such mobility can compromise healthcare access and utili...

    Authors: Carren Ginsburg, Mark A. Collinson, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Mark Gross, Sadson Harawa, Mark N. Lurie, Keith Mukondwa, Chantel F. Pheiffer, Stephen Tollman, Rebecca Wang and Michael J. White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:554

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lung Cancer (LC) is one of the most prevalent cancer diseases. Due to the lack of databases which allow the combination of information on individual socioeconomic status (SES) and cancer incidence, research on...

    Authors: Fabian Tetzlaff, Jelena Epping, Juliane Tetzlaff, Heiko Golpon and Siegfried Geyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Poverty increases the risk of cardiac disease, while diminishing the resources available to mitigate that risk. Available prevention programs often require resources that low-income residents of urban areas do...

    Authors: Rachel S. Kirzner, Inga Robbins, Meghan Privitello and Marianne Miserandino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:504

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) remains a public health concern due to the high morbidity and mortality rates from the disease. The DR-TB is a multifaceted illness with expensive treatment regimens, toxic medications a...

    Authors: Lesley-Ann Lynnath Cannon, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Daniel Ter Goon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:488

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is an anthropometric index associated with visceral adiposity. It remains unclear whether SAD and its socio-economic correlates differ in women and men, which limits the epide...

    Authors: Chang Li, Marcelline Harris, Dennis Tsilimingras, Sophia Z. Liu, Ying Sheng and Xuefeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:486

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Understanding the impact of food insecurity on HIV outcomes is critical for the development and implementation of effective, evidence-based interventions to address food insecurity and improve the HIV care cas...

    Authors: Noelle A. Benzekri, Jacques F. Sambou, Sanou Ndong, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Ibrahima Tito Tamba, Dominique Faye, Ibrahima Sall, Jean Philippe Diatta, Khadim Faye, Ousseynou Cisse, Fatima Sall, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Cheikh T. Ndour, Papa Salif Sow, Jean Jacques Malomar, Stephen E. Hawes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Farmers may have an increased risk for poor mental health. In connection with this, factors specific to the neighborhood environment such as farm density and the type of agriculture, might be important for men...

    Authors: Mariko Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo, Andrew Stickley and Naoki Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Syndemic theory highlights the potential for health problems to interact synergistically, compounding impact. Young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) are more likely to experience disadvan...

    Authors: Clare Tanton, Lorraine McDonagh, Melissa Cabecinha, Soazig Clifton, Rebecca Geary, Greta Rait, John Saunders, Jackie Cassell, Chris Bonell, Kirstin R. Mitchell and Catherine H. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Residential environment features such as availability of supermarkets may shape dietary behaviour and thus overweight and obesity. This relationship may not be consistent between cities. This Australian nation...

    Authors: Suzanne J. Carroll, Gavin Turrell, Michael J. Dale and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Malnutrition in mothers as well as in children is a significant public health challenge in most of the developing countries. The triple burden of malnutrition is a relatively new issue on the horizon of health...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shekhar Chauhan, Ratna Patel, Shobhit Srivastava and Dhananjay W. Bansod

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:391

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Late antiretroviral treatment initiation for HIV disease worsens health outcomes and contributes to ongoing transmission. We investigated whether socioeconomic inequalities exist in access to treatment in a se...

    Authors: Amanda Rodrigues, Claudio J. Struchiner, Lara E. Coelho, Valdilea G. Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn and Paula M. Luz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:389

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:640

  33. Advances in biomedical technologies permit transgender individuals not only to achieve gender transition but also to experience parenthood. Little is known about this topic in Greece, which, although a traditi...

    Authors: P. Voultsos, C.-E. Zymvragou, M.-V. Karakasi and P. Pavlidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:378

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The influence of religion and belief systems is widely recognized as an important factor in understanding of health risk perception and myths in the general fight against the HIV pandemic. This study compares ...

    Authors: Munyaradzi Mapingure, Zindoga Mukandavire, Innocent Chingombe, Diego Cuadros, Farirai Mutenherwa, Owen Mugurungi and Godfrey Musuka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:375

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The objective of this research was to assess physical and sexual violence experienced by sexual and gender minorities in nine African countries, and to examine factors associated with violence.

    Authors: Alex Müller, Kristen Daskilewicz, Mc Lean Kabwe, Anna Mmolai-Chalmers, Chelsea Morroni, Nelson Muparamoto, Adamson S. Muula, Vincent Odira and Martin Zimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is growing recognition of the need for fish to be better integrated into nutrition-sensitive strategies for addressing malnutrition. Fish are overwhelmingly produced by the small-scale sector, which supp...

    Authors: Emily Gibson, Natasha Stacey, Terry C. H. Sunderland and Dedi S. Adhuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The continuing impetus for universal health coverage has given rise to publicly funded health insurance schemes in lower-middle income countries. However, there is insufficient understanding of how universal h...

    Authors: Rajalakshmi RamPrakash and Lakshmi Lingam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Having children is a major life course event yet some disabilities could make it biologically challenging and some others could limit access to necessary socioeconomic resources. To date, there is relatively l...

    Authors: Fredinah Namatovu, Erling Häggström Lundevaller and Lotta Vikström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Breastfeeding is important for the physical and psychological health of the mother and child. Basic data on breastfeeding practice in China are out-of-date and vary widely. This study aimed to evaluate the pro...

    Authors: Leni Kang, Juan Liang, Chunhua He, Lei Miao, Xiaohong Li, Li Dai, Qi Li, Zheng Liu, Jun Zhu, Yanping Wang and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In Canada, heterosexual African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) men’s heightened risk of HIV infection has been linked to behavioral characteristics, including practices of hegemonic masculinity that discourage th...

    Authors: Roger Antabe, Irenius Konkor, Martin McIntosh, Erica Lawson, Winston Husbands, Josephine Wong, Godwin Arku and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Anemia is a public health concern at a global level. This study aims to delineate the association between household economic inequalities, and anemia among reproductive age group women in Bangladesh, along with o...

    Authors: G. M. Rabiul Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is a common chronic disease, with socially patterned incidence and severity. Digital self-care interventions have the potential to reduce health disparities, by providing personalised low...

    Authors: Sophie Turnbull, Patricia J. Lucas, Alastair D. Hay and Christie Cabral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a frequent health event and a major contributor to long-term impairments globally. So far, research on social inequalities in MI incidence and mortality with respect to...

    Authors: Juliane Tetzlaff, Siegfried Geyer, Mechthild Westhoff-Bleck, Stefanie Sperlich, Jelena Epping and Fabian Tetzlaff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Despite the accumulating evidence on the role of professional helping relationships for highly disadvantaged populations, methodological shortcomings have made it difficult to establish a robust relationships-...

    Authors: Rebeca D. Sandu, Frederick Anyan and Vicky Stergiopoulos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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