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Mental health

Section edited by Noriko Cable.

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

  1. Refugees are particularly vulnerable to poor mental health outcomes due to exposure to pre migration trauma and post migration stressors. Research has demonstrated evidence to suggest that the professional hel...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Pilar Rioseco, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo and Jonathan Mond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1485

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Emerging research on the use of new technology suggests that internet use is generally associated with high levels of efficiency among older adults in the following areas: quality of life, mood, positive psych...

    Authors: Yean Wang, Huan Zhang, Tong Feng and Hongyang Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1474

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, inc...

    Authors: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Paul McGreevy, Adrian Bauman, Anthony Podberscek, Brendon Neilly, Catherine Sherrington and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1428

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Adolescence is crucial period for laying the foundations for healthy development and mental well-being. The increasing prevalence of mental disorders amongst adolescents makes promotion of mental well-being an...

    Authors: Carlota Las Hayas, Irantzu Izco-Basurko, Ane Fullaondo, Silvia Gabrielli, Antoni Zwiefka, Odin Hjemdal, Dora G. Gudmundsdottir, Hans Henrik Knoop, Anna S. Olafsdottir, Valeria Donisi, Sara Carbone, Silvia Rizzi, Iwona Mazur, Anna Krolicka-Deregowska, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1413

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. People living with HIV (PLWH) have a high level of interest in quitting smoking, but only a small proportion have sustainable abstinence 6 months after cessation. Few investigations have focused on relapse to ...

    Authors: Cosmas M. Zyambo, Greer A. Burkholder, Karen L. Cropsey, James H. Willig, Craig M. Wilson, C. Ann Gakumo, Andrew O. Westfall and Peter S. Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1409

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Skin disease is a global public health problem that often has physiological, psychological and social impacts. However, it is not very clear how to adapt to these impacts, especially psychosocial adaptation of...

    Authors: Xiu-jie Zhang, Ai-ping Wang, Tie-ying Shi, Jun Zhang, Hui Xu, Da-qiu Wang and Li Feng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1404

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. In developing countries, the prevalence of psychological distress was higher among tuberculosis patients. Patients with tuberculosis infection were more prone to psychological distress than peoples without tub...

    Authors: Tegegn Mulatu Ayana, Kedir Teji Roba and Myrla Obejero Mabalhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Suicide is a major public health issue worldwide. Those who have made a recent suicide attempt are at high risk for dying by suicide in the future, particularly during the period immediately following departur...

    Authors: Vida V. Bliokas, Alex R. Hains, Jonathan A. Allan, Luise Lago and Rebecca Sng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1380

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. This scoping review summarizes the existing literature regarding the mental health of physicians and physicians-in-training and explores what types of mental health concerns are discussed in the literature, wh...

    Authors: Mara Mihailescu and Elena Neiterman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1363

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite the availability of evidence-based treatment, there is a substantial gap between the number of individuals in need of mental health care and those who receive treatment. The aim of this study was to as...

    Authors: Nagendra P. Luitel, Emily C. Garman, Mark J. D. Jordans and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1350

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Slapping/spanking is related to a number of poor health outcomes. Understanding what factors are related to the increased or decreased use of spanking/slapping is necessary to inform prevention. This study use...

    Authors: Tracie O. Afifi, Janique Fortier, Harriet L. MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez, Melissa Kimber, Katholiki Georgiades, Laura Duncan, Tamara Taillieu, Isabel Garces Davila and Shannon Struck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1345

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Getting it Right study determined the validity, sensitivity, specificity and acceptability of the culturally adapted 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (aPHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression in Abori...

    Authors: Sara Farnbach, Graham Gee, Anne-Marie Eades, John Robert Evans, Jamie Fernando, Belinda Hammond, Matty Simms, Karrina DeMasi, Nick Glozier, Alex Brown and Maree L. Hackett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hostility can result in negative outcomes in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA); however, previous research on this topic is far from adequate. To contribute to existing knowledge on this aspect of PLWHA, the...

    Authors: Miaomiao Zhao, Baohua Liu, Tong Zheng, Jiao Xu, Yanhua Hao, Jiahui Wang, Xin Zhang, Wanling Nie, Chao Wang, Fuxiang Wang, Mingli Jiao, Qunhong Wu and Libo Liang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1189

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite an understanding of the circumstances of child marriage, including how it limits agency and erodes childhood support systems, not much is known about the relationship between child marriage and mental ...

    Authors: Neetu A. John, Jeffrey Edmeades and Lydia Murithi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1029

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Depression is regarded as a major public health concern in our society. While living arrangements as a structural factor of social support may contribute to older adults’ depression. Our study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yong Zhang, Zifeng Liu, Lingling Zhang, Paiyi Zhu, Xin Wang and Yixiang Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1017

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is growing awareness of the need for effective prevention, early detection, and novel treatment approaches for common mental disorders (CMDs) among university students. Reliable epidemiological data on p...

    Authors: Jason Bantjes, Christine Lochner, Wylene Saal, Janine Roos, Lian Taljaard, Daniel Page, Randy P. Auerbach, Philippe Mortier, Ronny Bruffaerts, Ronald C. Kessler and Dan J. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:922

    Content type: Research article

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  17. A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the associations between social capital and health. In residential or geographical areas, social capital has attracted attention for its protective effects against s...

    Authors: Daisuke Hori, Soshi Takao, Ichiro Kawachi, Yuh Ohtaki, Christina-Sylvia Andrea, Tsukasa Takahashi, Nagisa Shiraki, Tomohiko Ikeda, Yu Ikeda, Shotaro Doki, Yuichi Oi, Shinichiro Sasahara and Ichiyo Matsuzaki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:919

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Previous research shows that physical activity has a protective effect on mental distress in adults, but the relationship is less researched and seems more ambiguous for adolescents. Studies in this field have...

    Authors: Ida Marie Opdal, Bente Morseth, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Kjersti Lillevoll, Helga Ask, Christopher Sivert Nielsen, Alexander Horsch, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Simon Rosenbaum and Kamilla Rognmo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:916

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASCs) who have resettled in Western countries show elevated rates of psychological distress, including Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS), depression, and anxiety. Mo...

    Authors: Lauritz Rudolf Floribert Müller, Katharina Gossmann, Franziska Hartmann, Karl Phillipp Büter, Rita Rosner and Johanna Unterhitzenberger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:908

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To assess the effectiveness of a smartphone app-based intervention compared to a regular intervention of caregivers in primary health care institutions. The intervention is aimed at increasing positive mental ...

    Authors: Carme Ferré-Grau, Laia Raigal-Aran, Jael Lorca-Cabrera, Maria Ferré-Bergadá, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño, Maria Teresa Lluch-Canut, Montserrat Puig-Llobet and Núria Albacar-Riobóo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:888

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. Social inclusion is a human right for all people, including people with mental illness. It is also an important part of recovery from mental illness. In Timor-Leste, no research has investigated the social exp...

    Authors: Teresa Hall, Ritsuko Kakuma, Lisa Palmer, Harry Minas, João Martins and Michelle Kermode

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:702

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Several observational studies have shown that exercise reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidences from long-term, well-conducted, randomized controlled trials are scanty. The principal aim of th...

    Authors: Enzo Iuliano, Alessandra di Cagno, Adriana Cristofano, Antonella Angiolillo, Rita D’Aversa, Santina Ciccotelli, Graziamaria Corbi, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alfonso Di Costanzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:659

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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