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Mental health

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. Since the last decade, postpartum depression (PPD) has been recognized as a significant public health problem, and several factors have been linked to PPD. Mothers at risk are rarely undetected and underdiagno...

    Authors: Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi and Nadia Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Since the outbreak of the Syrian war in 2011, close to 6 million Syrian refugees have escaped to Syria’s neighbouring countries, including Lebanon. Evidence suggests rising levels of mental health disorders am...

    Authors: Hady Naal, Dana Nabulsi, Nour El Arnaout, Lina Abdouni, Hani Dimassi, Ranime Harb and Shadi Saleh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Men living in low- and middle-income countries are unlikely to seek mental health care, where poor healthcare infrastructure, differences in illness conceptualization, and stigma can impact treatment seeking. ...

    Authors: Daniel P. Lakin, Kyaw Soe Win, Htin Aung, Khin Nyein Chan Soe, Bo Kyi, Arik V. Marcell, Wietse A. Tol and Judith K. Bass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition are managed routinely within out-patient malnutrition treatment programs. These programs do not offer maternal mental health support services, despite mate...

    Authors: Aminu T. Abdullahi, Zubaida L. Farouk and Abdulazeez Imam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mental health problems may impact adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, retention in care, and consequently the survival of adolescents living with HIV. The adolescent-caregiver relationship is an important ...

    Authors: Yulia Shenderovich, Mark Boyes, Michelle Degli Esposti, Marisa Casale, Elona Toska, Kathryn J. Roberts and Lucie Cluver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sexual compulsivity (SC) and its relationship with unprotected intercourse (UI) have long been an intriguing topic, but its existential meaning in the management of public health or, more precisely, sexually t...

    Authors: Yang Ni, Hengan Liu, Ruijie Gong, Mei Shi, Shuxian Zhang, Suping Wang and Yong Cai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Health and social care workers (HSCWs) have carried a heavy burden during the COVID-19 crisis and, in the challenge to control the virus, have directly faced its consequences. Supporting their psychological we...

    Authors: Johannes H. De Kock, Helen Ann Latham, Stephen J. Leslie, Mark Grindle, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Liz Ellis, Rob Polson and Christopher M. O’Malley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  8. About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spre...

    Authors: Shiyan Yan, Rui Xu, Terry D. Stratton, Voyko Kavcic, Dan Luo, Fengsu Hou, Fengying Bi, Rong Jiao, Kangxing Song and Yang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although different aspects of body image have been extensively studied in Western societies, there is little evidence regarding the main physical components that contribute to perceptions of body image from th...

    Authors: Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Fariba Zarani and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  10. First-year students entering postsecondary education must navigate a new and complex academic and social environment. Research indicates that this transition and developmental period can be challenging and str...

    Authors: Matthew Y. W. Kwan, Denver Brown, James MacKillop, Sean Beaudette, Sean Van Koughnett and Catharine Munn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. During the perinatal period women lack screening and treatments for perinatal depressive symptoms, while public health professionals (PHPs) in primary care centres (PCCs) need training for identification and m...

    Authors: Nitikorn Phoosuwan and Pranee C. Lundberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1926

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Common mental disorders present the main reason for registered sick leave in Sweden today, and women are at a higher risk of such sick leave than men. The aim of our study was to explore how the experiences of...

    Authors: Lotta Nybergh, Gunnar Bergström and Therese Hellman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1914

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Self-harm and drinking are both serious problems in adolescents and many studies presented evidence of their association. However, gender differences in this association are seldom deeply discussed. Our study ...

    Authors: Chai-Quan Li, Jing-Shu Zhang, Shang Ma, Ruo-Ran Lv, Jia-Li Duan, Dong-Mei Luo, Xiao-Jin Yan, Ning Ma and Yi Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1892

    Content type: Research article

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  14. During COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers (HCWs) have had high workload and have been exposed to multiple psychosocial stressors. The aim of this study was to evaluate HCWs in terms of the relative contribu...

    Authors: Ivone Duarte, Andreia Teixeira, Luísa Castro, Sílvia Marina, Carla Ribeiro, Cristina Jácome, Vera Martins, Inês Ribeiro-Vaz, Hugo Celso Pinheiro, Andreia Rodrigues Silva, Miguel Ricou, Bruno Sousa, Cristiana Alves, Andreia Oliveira, Paula Silva, Rui Nunes…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1885

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Findings on the association between exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and depression are contradictory. Comparability of existing research is limited due to varied methods and measures. This study examines th...

    Authors: Fabian Erdsiek and Patrick Brzoska

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1880

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Individuals’ stress in responding to the current COVID-19 pandemic may be exacerbated by information uncertainty driven by inconsistent, unverified, and conflicting news from various sources. The current study...

    Authors: Danhua Lin, Daniela B. Friedman, Shan Qiao, Cheuk Chi Tam, Xiaoyan Li and Xiaoming Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1867

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer as well as other sexual/gender minorities (LGBTQ+) persons have higher rates of suicidal ideation and behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ+ peers, particularly ...

    Authors: Stefanie Kirchner, Benedikt Till, Martin Plöderl and Thomas Niederkrotenthaler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1845

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Many countries around the world have adopted social distancing as one of the public health measures to reduce COVID-19 transmissions in the community. Such measures could have negative effects on the mental he...

    Authors: Gary Cheung, Claudia Rivera-Rodriguez, Adrian Martinez-Ruiz, Etuini Ma’u, Brigid Ryan, Vanessa Burholt, Ange Bissielo and Brigette Meehan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1814

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. This study aimed to investigate psychological distress among infectious disease (ID) physicians during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in the Republic of Korea.

    Authors: Se Yoon Park, Bongyoung Kim, Dong Sik Jung, Sook In Jung, Won Sup Oh, Shin-Woo Kim, Kyong Ran Peck and Hyun-Ha Chang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1811

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Systems integration to promote the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children works towards developing a spectrum of effective, community-based services and supports. These services and su...

    Authors: Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge, Yvonne Cadet James, Ross Bailie, Komla Tsey, Veronica Matthews, Michael Ungar, Deborah Askew, Ruth Fagan, Hannah Visser, Geoffrey Spurling, Nikki Percival, Ilse Blignault and Chris Doran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1810

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), adolescent girls and young women are three times more likely than boys to have depressive disorders. Understanding adolescents’ unique and common vulnerabilities and protective fac...

    Authors: Proscovia Nabunya, Christopher Damulira, William Byansi, Joelynn Muwanga, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Flavia Namuwonge, Eloho Ighofose, Rachel Brathwaite, Wilberforce Tumwesige and Fred M. Ssewamala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1792

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The use of specific drugs to facilitate, enhance or prolong sexual sessions is referred to as ‘chemsex’. The popularity of the behavior seems to be growing, but there is a paucity of information on the mental ...

    Authors: Rigmor C. Berg, Eirik Amundsen and Åse Haugstvedt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1785

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Social Networking Sites (SNS) are commonly used, especially by young adults. Their impact on mental health is unclear. Moreover, little is known about how social factors, e.g. Perceived Emotional Support (PES)...

    Authors: Emily Stella Scott, Catarina Canivet and Per-Olof Östergren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1753

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Depression is prevalent among employees and a major reason for sickness absence. First-line managers’ attitudes towards employees with depression might influence return to work and the scant literature indicat...

    Authors: Ilaria Mangerini, Monica Bertilsson, Angelique de Rijk and Gunnel Hensing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1744

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We attempted to find if there were gender differences in Non-suicidal self injurious (NSSI) behaviors and Suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents, then analyze the impact of Internet use frequency on these...

    Authors: Xueyan Yang, Moye Xin, Kun Liu and Bilun Naz Böke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1727

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although research on the relationship between parent and child mental health is growing, the impact of early parenting stress on preschool-aged children’s mental health remains unclear. The objective was to ev...

    Authors: Nayantara Hattangadi, Katherine T. Cost, Catherine S. Birken, Cornelia M. Borkhoff, Jonathon L. Maguire, Peter Szatmari and Alice Charach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1726

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Depression is a common mental disorder among patients with tuberculosis and it is associated with a greater risk of suicide, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and poor quality of life. Evidence suggests the ea...

    Authors: Kalkidan Yohannes, Hirbaye Mokona, Lulu Abebe, Mohammed Feyisso, Adane Tesfaye, Getachew Tesfaw and Getinet Ayano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1702

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Investigating variables associated with mental health literacy in the college-age population takes us one step closer to providing intervention for this vulnerable group, where growing rates of psychological d...

    Authors: Rona Miles, Laura Rabin, Anjali Krishnan, Evan Grandoit and Kamil Kloskowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1699

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Mental disorders among adolescents have become a worldwide public health problem. This study aimed to estimate the best combination of exercise time and screen time to promote the mental health of Chinese adol...

    Authors: Feng Zhang, Xiaojian Yin, Cunjian Bi, Liu Ji, Huipan Wu, Yuqiang Li, Yi Sun, Sien Ren, Guodong Wang, Xiaofang Yang, Ming Li, Yuan Liu and Ge Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1695

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Quality of life (QoL) is multi-dimensional concept of an individual’ general well-being status in relation to their value, environment, cultural and social context in which they live. This study aimed to quant...

    Authors: Aung Zaw Zaw Phyo, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Heather Craig, Danijela Gasevic, Nigel P. Stocks, David A. Gonzalez-Chica and Joanne Ryan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1596

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Background: Whilst many studies have linked increased drug and cannabis exposure to adverse mental health (MH) outcomes their effects on whole populations and geotemporospatial relationships are not well under...

    Authors: Albert Stuart Reece and Gary Kenneth Hulse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1655

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Studies have shown that the outbreak of infectious diseases would result in mental health problems. Females are in greater risk for psychological problems than males. The present study investigated gender diff...

    Authors: Fengsu Hou, Fengying Bi, Rong Jiao, Dan Luo and Kangxing Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1648

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Life expectancy is 10–20 years lower among people with a severe mental health disorder. Most of these early deaths are due to chronic conditions, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Smoking is a...

    Authors: S. E. Jones, S. Mulrine, H. Clements and S. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1619

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that occurs within the first 12 months after delivery. It affects 20 to 40% of women living in the low-income countries. In resource limited countries discovering...

    Authors: Nahom Kiros Gebregziabher, Tesfit Brhane Netsereab, Yerusalem Gebremeskel Fessaha, Feven Andebrhan Alaza, Nardos Kidane Ghebrehiwet and Aman Hadish Sium

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1614

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Lifetime traumatic events are known to have a detrimental long-term impact on both mental and physical health. Yet, heterogeneity in the stress response regarding well-being in adults is not well understood. T...

    Authors: Livia Sacchi, Mariia Merzhvynska and Mareike Augsburger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1612

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In Pakistan there is a dire need to explore the quality of life in infertile males and females and its undesirable psychological outcomes. This, study aimed to compare the quality of life (QoL) of males and fe...

    Authors: Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Marilyn Chapman and Nargis Asad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1607

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Globally, India has the third largest population of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the second highest number of COVID-19 cases. Anxiety is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence. It is c...

    Authors: Ivan Marbaniang, Shashikala Sangle, Smita Nimkar, Kanta Zarekar, Sonali Salvi, Amol Chavan, Amita Gupta, Nishi Suryavanshi and Vidya Mave

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1598

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has caused enormous stress among the public in China. Intellectual input from various aspects is needed to fight against COVID-19, including understanding ...

    Authors: Jian-Bin Li, An Yang, Kai Dou, Lin-Xin Wang, Ming-Chen Zhang and Xiao-Qi Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1589

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite widespread application of the Symptom Check-List-90-R (SCL-90-R) for Chinese undergraduate students, there are no appropriate norms for them. The aim of this study is to provide norms for the Chinese v...

    Authors: Yulan Yu, Chonghua Wan, Xudong Zhao, E. Scott Huebner, Jianfeng Tan, Chuanzhi Xu and Jingjing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1588

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Secondary schools in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) provide health promotion, preventive, and early intervention services. Nevertheless, literature indicates that the modules of these services are ei...

    Authors: Solomon Musa Gimba, Paul Harris, Amornrat Saito, Hyacinth Udah, Averil Martin and Amanda J. Wheeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1581

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The ‘Sankofa’ pediatric HIV disclosure study (2013–2017) was an intervention that aimed to address the low prevalence of disclosure of HIV status in Ghana.

    Authors: Christopher Radcliffe, Aba Sam, Quinn Matos, Sampson Antwi, Kofi Amissah, Amina Alhassan, Irene Pokuaa Ofori, Yunshan Xu, Yanhong Deng, Nancy R. Reynolds and Elijah Paintsil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1578

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Dementia is a global public health priority. Many modifiable factors have been shown to influence the development of dementia, but these factors are not adequately known by the general public. This study aimed...

    Authors: Yong-Bo Zheng, Le Shi, Yi-Miao Gong, Xiao-Xiao Wang, Qing-Dong Lu, Jian-Yu Que, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Yan-Ping Bao and Lin Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1567

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Suicide is a major public health concern. In 2017, the suicide rate in Canada was 11 per 100,000 inhabitants. According to literature, 1 in 5 people have experienced a death by suicide during their lifetime. T...

    Authors: Fabienne Ligier, Jessica Rassy, Gabrielle Fortin, Ian van Haaster, Claude Doyon, Charlie Brouillard, Monique Séguin and Alain Lesage

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1534

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Young women with breast cancer tend to report lower quality of life and higher levels of stress than older women with breast cancer, and this may have implications for other psychosocial factors including fina...

    Authors: Erin E. Cook, Shoshana M. Rosenberg, Kathryn J. Ruddy, William T. Barry, Mary Greaney, Jennifer Ligibel, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Michelle D. Holmes, Rulla M. Tamimi, Karen M. Emmons and Ann H. Partridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1514

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Common mental disorders (CMDs) are highly prevalent and contribute significantly to the global burden of disease, yet there is evidence of a large treatment gap. We aimed to quantify this gap among young adult...

    Authors: Laura Werlen, Milo A. Puhan, Markus A. Landolt and Meichun Mohler-Kuo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1470

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Despite clear evidence for the effectiveness of musical training in promoting psychological well-being among underprivileged children, parents’ perceptions of the importance of such training for their children...

    Authors: Laurie Long Kwan Ho, William Ho Cheung Li, Ankie Tan Cheung, Wei Xia, Ka Yan Ho and Joyce Oi Kwan Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1454

    Content type: Research article

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  47. There has been an increase in older rural-to-urban migrant workers (aged 50 and above) in mainland China, little known about their depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to identify depressive symptoms...

    Authors: Wei Yang, Dan Li, Jianmin Gao, Xiaojuan Zhou and Fuzhen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1442

    Content type: Research article

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