Skip to main content

Mental health

Section edited by Noriko Cable.

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hearing loss are hallmark public health issues related to military service in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although both are significant individual contributors to disability ...

    Authors: Andrew J. MacGregor, Antony R. Joseph, G. Jay Walker and Amber L. Dougherty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1076

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Common mental disorders are frequent psychiatric comorbid conditions among people with HIV/AIDS. The presence of such psychiatric disorders negatively affects the treatment adherence, viral load suppression, q...

    Authors: Zelalem Belayneh, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Tsegaye Mehare, Seid Shumye and Mekonnen Tsehay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:689

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Recent evidence suggests that work-related physical activity may not have the same mental health benefits as leisure-time physical activity. Further, work-related physical activity is likely to include a varie...

    Authors: Rhiannon Lee White, Jason Bennie, Gavin Abbott and Megan Teychenne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1007

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. In Korea, higher education has rapidly grown influenced by sociocultural tradition. Parents invest a significant portion of their household income in their children’s education. Private education has been cons...

    Authors: Byeong Cheol Oh, Ji-Yoon Yeon, Hyo-Sang Lee, Doo Woong Lee and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:972

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Although some studies have reported the association between life negative events and depressive disorders, very limited studies have examined the association between life negative events exposure and depressiv...

    Authors: Zhenjie Wang, Hanmo Yang, Pianpian Zheng, Bei Liu, Zhanyuan Guo, Shen Geng and Shenda Hong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:968

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between the frequency of impairments in daily activities due to the overuse of the Internet, gaming, or smartphones (IGS) and sociodemographic characteristics,...

    Authors: Yeo-Won Jeong, Young-Ran Han, Sang-Kyu Kim and Han-Seok Jeong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:954

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Late-life self-harm (SH) is often linked to depression. However, very few studies have explored the role of other factors and their interaction with depression in the occurrence of late-life SH. The objective ...

    Authors: Khedidja Hedna, Johan Fastbom, Ingmar Skoog, Gunnel Hensing and Margda Waern

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:764

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The United States experienced severe mental health budget cuts in many states across the nation during the years of the largest recession since the Great Depression. Illinois had one of the hardest hit mental ...

    Authors: Kathryn Mazurek, James Ciesla and Rexford Akakpo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:936

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Common mental disorders are the leading cause of workplace absences. While the reasons for this are multifarious, there is little doubt that stigma related to common mental disorder plays a large role in sickn...

    Authors: Nicola S. Gray, Helen Davies and Robert J. Snowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:896

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  10. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common severe mental disorder among homeless people and is associated with an increased risk of disability and mortality from suicide, medical causes (including HIV/AIDS, hepatitis i...

    Authors: Getinet Ayano, Shegaye Shumet, Getachew Tesfaw and Light Tsegay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:731

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. There is a strong stigma attached to mental disorders preventing those affected from getting psychological help. The consequences of stigma are worse for racial and/or ethnic minorities compared to racial and/...

    Authors: Ozlem Eylem, Leonore de Wit, Annemieke van Straten, Lena Steubl, Zaneta Melissourgaki, Gözde Topgüloğlu Danışman, Ralph de Vries, Ad J. F. M. Kerkhof, Kamaldeep Bhui and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:879

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Social isolation is widespread and strongly associated with worsening health-related outcomes across the life-course. Despite this broad base of knowledge, there is a paucity of research on the interactive effect...

    Authors: Razak M. Gyasi, Kabila Abass and Samuel Adu-Gyamfi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:859

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. While reducing the burden of mental and substance use disorders is a global challenge, it is played out locally. Mental disorders have early ages of onset, syndromal complexity and high individual variability ...

    Authors: Jo-An Atkinson, Adam Skinner, Kenny Lawson, Sebastian Rosenberg and Ian B. Hickie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:814

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  14. Compared with the general population, Australian farmers—particularly men—have been identified as at greater risk of suicide. A complex range of factors are thought to contribute to this risk, including the ex...

    Authors: Alison J. Kennedy, Susan A. Brumby, Vincent Lawrence Versace and Tristan Brumby-Rendell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:813

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Previous studies reported positive associations between perceived neighborhood greenness and mental health. There has been a focus on perceived neighborhood greenness at people’s home environment or in general...

    Authors: Alexander K. F. Loder, A. R. Schwerdtfeger and Mireille N. M. van Poppel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:802

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. There remains a need for prospective research examining movement behaviours in the prevention and management of mental illness. This study examined whether changes in adherence to the 24-h Movement Guidelines ...

    Authors: Karen A. Patte, Guy Faulkner, Wei Qian, Markus Duncan and Scott T. Leatherdale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:793

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Studies indicate that health-related components of physical fitness are associated with mental health outcomes. However, research is scarce concerning this relationship in young adolescents in general and non-...

    Authors: Andreas Åvitsland, Eva Leibinger, Tommy Haugen, Øystein Lerum, Runar B. Solberg, Elin Kolle and Sindre M. Dyrstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:776

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Adolescence is a crucial period for developing and maintaining good habits for mental health and well-being. This is important for future mental health, as most mental health problems manifest during adolescen...

    Authors: Nicola J. Simkiss, Nicola S. Gray, Greg Malone, Andrew Kemp and Robert J. Snowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:727

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disproportionately affects the Southern United States, accounting for approximately 46% of people living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to testing, t...

    Authors: Renessa Williams, Robert Cook, Babette Brumback, Christa Cook, Miriam Ezenwa, Emma Spencer and Robert Lucero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:723

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. To evaluate the association between weight misperception and psychological symptoms in the Determinants of young Adults Social well-being and Health (DASH) longitudinal study.

    Authors: Christelle Elia, Alexis Karamanos, Maria João Silva, Maeve O’Connor, Yao Lu, Alexandru Dregan, Peiyuan Huang, Majella O’Keeffe, J. Kennedy Cruickshank, Elli Z. Enayat, Aidan Cassidy, Oarabile R. Molaodi, Maria Maynard and Seeromanie Harding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:712

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Accumulated evidence suggests that individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) are at particular risk of developing alcohol use disorder (AUD). Yet, little is known about the mechanisms under this high como...

    Authors: Sojung Kim and Jung-Hye Kwon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:709

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Understanding the factors influencing cognitive reactivity (CR) may help identify individuals at risk for first episode depression and relapse and facilitate routine access to preventative treatments. However,...

    Authors: Fei Fei Huang, Zhi Peng Wen, Qi Li, Bin Chen and Wen Jie Weng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:703

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. The 2015 outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in the Republic of Korea is a recent and representative occurrence of nationwide outbreaks of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs). In addition to ph...

    Authors: Hye Yoon Park, Wan Beom Park, So Hee Lee, Jeong Lan Kim, Jung Jae Lee, Haewoo Lee and Hyoung-Shik Shin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:605

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Children living in challenged humanitarian settings (including those in rural/underserved areas, the displaced, refugees, in conflict/post conflict situations) are at greater risk of mental health difficulties...

    Authors: Karin Haar, Aala El-Khani, Virginia Molgaard and Wadih Maalouf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:634

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Globally, there has been an exponential rise in smartphone use and selfie taking among youth. To make selfies exciting, dangerous selfies are often taken that may lead to catastrophic consequences, including d...

    Authors: Priyamadhaba Behera, Arvind Kumar Singh, Vikas Bhatia, P. S. Preeti, Rishav Kumar, Satyajeet Das, Rupesh Tholia, Ritajyoti Ghosh, Sandeep Kumar, K. S. Safiya, Rojismita Purohit and Raman Bansal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:628

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. With the increased vulnerability during pregnancy, domestic violence (DV) is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of pregnant women, making it a significant issue in public health initiatives. In...

    Authors: Baohua Zheng, Xidi Zhu, Zhao Hu, Wensu Zhou, Yunhan Yu, Shilin Yin and Huilan Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:620

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. A maintained psychological wellbeing is important in order to continue working longer and remain active into older age. However, little is known about impact of different organizational factors, such as downsi...

    Authors: Sandra Blomqvist, Hugo Westerlund, Kristina Alexanderson and Linda L. Magnusson Hanson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:618

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. With an increased political interest in school-based mental health education, the dominant understanding and measurement of mental health literacy (MHL) in adolescent research should be critically appraised. T...

    Authors: Rosie Mansfield, Praveetha Patalay and Neil Humphrey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:607

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Detained asylum seekers are at increased risk of self-harm, and the type of detention in which they are held may further exacerbate this risk. In Australia, there are four types of closed (or held) immigration...

    Authors: Kyli Hedrick, Gregory Armstrong, Guy Coffey and Rohan Borschmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:592

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Mental health problems are common among older people living with HIV and associated with poorer health outcomes. Social capital is an important determinant of mental health problems but under-studied in this p...

    Authors: Jiayu Han, Peng Jia, Yuling Huang, Bo Gao, Bin Yu, Shifan Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Xiong, Chang Liu, Tian Xie, Peijie Dong, Chao Yang, Zixin Wang and Shujuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:581

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Smoking prevalence among people with psychosis remains high. Providing Very Brief Advice (VBA) comprising: i) ASK, identifying a patient’s smoking status ii) ADVISE, advising on the best way to stop and iii) A...

    Authors: Gilda Spaducci, Sol Richardson, Ann McNeill, Megan Pritchard, Jyoti Sanyal, Andy Healey, Mary Yates and Debbie Robson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:559

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Recovery Education Centres (RECs) are increasingly implemented to support the process of recovery for individuals experiencing mental health challenges. However, the evidence on key REC mechanisms and outcomes...

    Authors: Nadine Reid, Bushra Khan, Sophie Soklaridis, Nicole Kozloff, Rebecca Brown and Vicky Stergiopoulos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The current study investigated the prevalence of depressed mood, suicide ideation, suicide plan, and suicide attempt and their associations with health risk behaviors among high school adolescents in the Commo...

    Authors: Jennifer Lisa Sakamoto, Akira Shibanuma and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. This study evaluated whether parent-child attachment and self-esteem may mediate the relationship between parental marital conflict and increases in features of internet gaming disorder (IGD) in children at 1 ...

    Authors: Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Seung-Yup Lee, Hae Kook Lee, Marc N. Potenza, Sun-Jin Jo and Hye Jung Son

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The rapid and widespread development of social networking sites has created a venue for an increase in cyberbullying among adolescents. Protective mechanisms and actions must be considered, such as how proxima...

    Authors: Hoang Thuy Linh Nguyen, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino and Van Thang Vo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The multidimensional Positive Mental Health Instrument (PMHI) has 47 items and six subscales. This study aimed to develop and validate a short unidimensional version of the PMHI among Singapore’s adult residen...

    Authors: Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Robertus Martinus van Dam, Siow Ann Chong, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Hwee Lin Wee, Wei Yen Lim and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:471

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Suicide is a global issue among the elderly. The number of older people committing suicide is proliferating, and the elderly suicide rate is the highest among all age groups in China. A better understanding of...

    Authors: Xinfeng Cheng, He Bu, Wenjie Duan, Along He and Yaping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Interventions need to be developed in a timely and relatively low-cost manner in order to respond to, and quickly address, major public health concerns. We aimed to quickly develop an intervention to support p...

    Authors: Gill Hubbard, Catharine Ward Thompson, Robert Locke, Dan Jenkins, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Hugo Van Woerden, Margaret Maxwell, Yaling Yang and Trish Gorely

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Depression is a major risk factor for the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. A transtheoretical model-based intervention and motivational interviewing have been used to change health risk behav...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Li, Silan Yang, Yishu Wang, Bingxiang Yang and Jingping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Flooding is expected to increase due to climate change, population growth and urban development. The longer-term mental health impacts of flooding are not well understood. In 2015, the English National Study o...

    Authors: Ranya Mulchandani, Ben Armstrong, Charles R. Beck, Thomas David Waite, Richard Amlôt, Sari Kovats, Giovanni Leonardi, G. James Rubin and Isabel Oliver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Mental health outcomes vary widely among high-income countries, although mental health problems represent an increasing proportion of the burden of disease for all countries. This has led to increased demand f...

    Authors: Daniel S. Park, Jing Han, Mahmoud Torabi and Evelyn L. Forget

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Dating violence has an alarming prevalence among Brazilian adolescents. School-based preventive programs have been implemented, but remain isolated initiatives with low reach. Health communication strategies b...

    Authors: Sheila Giardini Murta, Priscila de Oliveira Parada, Sara da Silva Meneses, João Victor Venâncio Medeiros, Amanda Balbino, Marina Caricatti Rodrigues, Marco Akira Miura, Thiago André Araújo dos Santos and Hein de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:391

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Accessing quality mental health care poses significant challenges for persons affected by adversity, especially in low- and middle-income countries where resources are scarce. To mitigate this, the World Healt...

    Authors: Aemal Akhtar, Luana Giardinelli, Ahmad Bawaneh, Manar Awwad, Hadeel Naser, Claire Whitney, Mark J. D. Jordans, Marit Sijbrandij and Richard A. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:390

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Alcohol-related hospital admissions have doubled in the last ten years to > 1.2 m per year in England. High-need, high-cost (HNHC) alcohol-related frequent attenders (ARFA) are a relatively small subgroup of p...

    Authors: R. Blackwood, A. Wolstenholme, A. Kimergård, S. Fincham-Campbell, Z. Khadjesari, S. Coulton, S. Byford, P. Deluca, S. Jennings, E. Currell, J. Dunne, J. O’Toole, J. Winnington, E. Finch and C. Drummond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:332

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  45. Employment is recognised as facilitating the personal and clinical recovery of people with psychosocial disability. Yet this group continue to experience considerable barriers to work, and, constitute a signif...

    Authors: Alexandra Devine, Cathy Vaughan, Anne Kavanagh, Helen Dickinson, Sean Byars, Stefanie Dimov, Bill Gye and Lisa Brophy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Suicidal ideation is subject to serious underestimation among existing public health studies. While numerous factors have been recognized in affecting suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB), the associated envi...

    Authors: Yunsong Chen, Guangye He, Buwei Chen, Senhu Wang, Guodong Ju and Ting Ge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: