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Mental health

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. Common mental disorders (CMDs) are highly prevalent and contribute significantly to the global burden of disease, yet there is evidence of a large treatment gap. We aimed to quantify this gap among young adult...

    Authors: Laura Werlen, Milo A. Puhan, Markus A. Landolt and Meichun Mohler-Kuo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1470

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Despite clear evidence for the effectiveness of musical training in promoting psychological well-being among underprivileged children, parents’ perceptions of the importance of such training for their children...

    Authors: Laurie Long Kwan Ho, William Ho Cheung Li, Ankie Tan Cheung, Wei Xia, Ka Yan Ho and Joyce Oi Kwan Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1454

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There has been an increase in older rural-to-urban migrant workers (aged 50 and above) in mainland China, little known about their depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to identify depressive symptoms...

    Authors: Wei Yang, Dan Li, Jianmin Gao, Xiaojuan Zhou and Fuzhen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1442

    Content type: Research article

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  4. COVID-19 poses the greatest challenge for the entire world since the Second World War. Governments are forced to define strict measures to avoid the spreading of the virus, which may further impose psychologic...

    Authors: Claudia Traunmüller, Rene Stefitz, Kerstin Gaisbachgrabner and Andreas Schwerdtfeger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1395

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is limited data available on the long-term mental health impact of Ebola virus disease (EVD) on survivors despite the disease experience of survivors meeting the criteria of a traumatic event as defined ...

    Authors: Abdulai Jawo Bah, Peter Bai James, Nuhu Bah, Amara Bangali Sesay, Stephen Sevalie and Joseph Sam Kanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1391

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Since the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the short-term focus of military healthcare research has been on the consequences of deployment for mental health and on those wounded or injured in combat. ...

    Authors: L. Goodwin, D. Leightley, Z. E. Chui, S. Landau, P. McCrone, R. D. Hayes, M. Jones, S. Wessely and N. T. Fear

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1236

    Content type: Research article

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  7. International research has indicated that teachers have an increased risk of mental disorders and work-related stress, compared with those working in other fields. In Japan, the deterioration of teachers’ ment...

    Authors: Miho Kuwato and Yuko Hirano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1355

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Since deinstitutionalization in the 1950s–1970s, public mental health care has changed its focus from asylums to general hospitals, outpatient clinics and specialized community-based programs addressing both c...

    Authors: Ish P. Bhalla, Elina A. Stefanovics and Robert A. Rosenheck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1311

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The epidemiological evidence on the association of sleep quality on anxiety symptoms has been inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the association between sleep quality and anxiety symptoms in rural Chine...

    Authors: Jiali Shen, Haiqing Zhang, Yan Wang, Tanko Abdulai, Miaomiao Niu, Zhicheng Luo, Yikang Wang, Ruiying Li, Fang Wang, Chongjian Wang and Zhenxing Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1297

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Previous research has shown that Common Mental Disorders (CMD) are unequally distributed between population subgroups, but we know less about how labour outcomes following such disorders are distributed. Our a...

    Authors: Johan Jarl, Anna Linder, Hillevi Busch, Anja Nyberg and Ulf-G Gerdtham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1285

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children of all ages. Prevention strategies require knowledge of risk factors, and behavior and psychiatric disorders have been suggeste...

    Authors: Sara Agnafors, Jarl Torgerson, Marie Rusner and Anna Norman Kjellström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1273

    Content type: Research article

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  12. People living in temporary housing for long periods after a disaster are at risk of poor mental health. This study investigated the post-disaster incidence and remission of common mental disorders among adults...

    Authors: Norito Kawakami, Maiko Fukasawa, Kiyomi Sakata, Ruriko Suzuki, Hiroaki Tomita, Harumi Nemoto, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Maki Umeda, Yuriko Suzuki, Haruki Shimoda, Hisateru Tachimori, Tadashi Takeshima and Evelyn J. Bromet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1271

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Understanding the burden and determinants of suicide during adolescence is key to achieving global health goals. We examined the prevalence and determinants of self-reported suicidal ideation and attempts amon...

    Authors: Susan C. Campisi, Bianca Carducci, Nadia Akseer, Clare Zasowski, Peter Szatmari and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1102

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Young people face significant challenges when managing a mental illness, such as acquiring treatment autonomy, being inexperienced users of the healthcare system and associated peer-related stigma. While medic...

    Authors: Sara S. McMillan, Victoria Stewart, Amanda J. Wheeler, Fiona Kelly and Helen Stapleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1188

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Problematic anger is intense anger associated with elevated generalized distress and that interferes with functioning. It also confers a heightened risk for the development of mental health problems. In milita...

    Authors: Amy B. Adler, Cynthia A. LeardMann, Kimberly A. Roenfeldt, Isabel G. Jacobson and David Forbes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1168

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Suicide rates have been climbing in the U.S., particularly in Rocky Mountain states such as Colorado. Benzodiazepines have been linked with suicidal ideation, but there have been few population level assessmen...

    Authors: Tista Ghosh, Kirk Bol, Maria Butler, Barbara Gabella, Andrea Kingcade, Gabriel Kaplan and Lindsey Myers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1149

    Content type: Research

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  17. There is growing evidence on positive effects of physical activity (PA) on mental health. However, the focus of previous research on this relationship has typically been on mental health from the perspective o...

    Authors: Kaija Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Jani P. Vaara, Tommi Vasankari, Arja Häkkinen, Matti Mäntysaari and Heikki Kyröläinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1116

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Body dissatisfaction influences women’s mental and physical health. To date, most research has focused on body dissatisfaction in relation to the ‘thin-ideal’. Thus, the association between body dissatisfactio...

    Authors: Christina Ralph-Nearman and Ruth Filik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1114

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hearing loss are hallmark public health issues related to military service in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although both are significant individual contributors to disability ...

    Authors: Andrew J. MacGregor, Antony R. Joseph, G. Jay Walker and Amber L. Dougherty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1076

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Common mental disorders are frequent psychiatric comorbid conditions among people with HIV/AIDS. The presence of such psychiatric disorders negatively affects the treatment adherence, viral load suppression, q...

    Authors: Zelalem Belayneh, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Tsegaye Mehare, Seid Shumye and Mekonnen Tsehay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:689

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Recent evidence suggests that work-related physical activity may not have the same mental health benefits as leisure-time physical activity. Further, work-related physical activity is likely to include a varie...

    Authors: Rhiannon Lee White, Jason Bennie, Gavin Abbott and Megan Teychenne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1007

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In Korea, higher education has rapidly grown influenced by sociocultural tradition. Parents invest a significant portion of their household income in their children’s education. Private education has been cons...

    Authors: Byeong Cheol Oh, Ji-Yoon Yeon, Hyo-Sang Lee, Doo Woong Lee and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:972

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Although some studies have reported the association between life negative events and depressive disorders, very limited studies have examined the association between life negative events exposure and depressiv...

    Authors: Zhenjie Wang, Hanmo Yang, Pianpian Zheng, Bei Liu, Zhanyuan Guo, Shen Geng and Shenda Hong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:968

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between the frequency of impairments in daily activities due to the overuse of the Internet, gaming, or smartphones (IGS) and sociodemographic characteristics,...

    Authors: Yeo-Won Jeong, Young-Ran Han, Sang-Kyu Kim and Han-Seok Jeong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:954

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Late-life self-harm (SH) is often linked to depression. However, very few studies have explored the role of other factors and their interaction with depression in the occurrence of late-life SH. The objective ...

    Authors: Khedidja Hedna, Johan Fastbom, Ingmar Skoog, Gunnel Hensing and Margda Waern

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:764

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The United States experienced severe mental health budget cuts in many states across the nation during the years of the largest recession since the Great Depression. Illinois had one of the hardest hit mental ...

    Authors: Kathryn Mazurek, James Ciesla and Rexford Akakpo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:936

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Common mental disorders are the leading cause of workplace absences. While the reasons for this are multifarious, there is little doubt that stigma related to common mental disorder plays a large role in sickn...

    Authors: Nicola S. Gray, Helen Davies and Robert J. Snowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:896

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common severe mental disorder among homeless people and is associated with an increased risk of disability and mortality from suicide, medical causes (including HIV/AIDS, hepatitis i...

    Authors: Getinet Ayano, Shegaye Shumet, Getachew Tesfaw and Light Tsegay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:731

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is a strong stigma attached to mental disorders preventing those affected from getting psychological help. The consequences of stigma are worse for racial and/or ethnic minorities compared to racial and/...

    Authors: Ozlem Eylem, Leonore de Wit, Annemieke van Straten, Lena Steubl, Zaneta Melissourgaki, Gözde Topgüloğlu Danışman, Ralph de Vries, Ad J. F. M. Kerkhof, Kamaldeep Bhui and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:879

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1326

  30. Social isolation is widespread and strongly associated with worsening health-related outcomes across the life-course. Despite this broad base of knowledge, there is a paucity of research on the interactive effect...

    Authors: Razak M. Gyasi, Kabila Abass and Samuel Adu-Gyamfi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:859

    Content type: Research article

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  31. While reducing the burden of mental and substance use disorders is a global challenge, it is played out locally. Mental disorders have early ages of onset, syndromal complexity and high individual variability ...

    Authors: Jo-An Atkinson, Adam Skinner, Kenny Lawson, Sebastian Rosenberg and Ian B. Hickie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:814

    Content type: Debate

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  32. Compared with the general population, Australian farmers—particularly men—have been identified as at greater risk of suicide. A complex range of factors are thought to contribute to this risk, including the ex...

    Authors: Alison J. Kennedy, Susan A. Brumby, Vincent Lawrence Versace and Tristan Brumby-Rendell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:813

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Previous studies reported positive associations between perceived neighborhood greenness and mental health. There has been a focus on perceived neighborhood greenness at people’s home environment or in general...

    Authors: Alexander K. F. Loder, A. R. Schwerdtfeger and Mireille N. M. van Poppel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:802

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There remains a need for prospective research examining movement behaviours in the prevention and management of mental illness. This study examined whether changes in adherence to the 24-h Movement Guidelines ...

    Authors: Karen A. Patte, Guy Faulkner, Wei Qian, Markus Duncan and Scott T. Leatherdale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:793

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Studies indicate that health-related components of physical fitness are associated with mental health outcomes. However, research is scarce concerning this relationship in young adolescents in general and non-...

    Authors: Andreas Åvitsland, Eva Leibinger, Tommy Haugen, Øystein Lerum, Runar B. Solberg, Elin Kolle and Sindre M. Dyrstad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:776

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adolescence is a crucial period for developing and maintaining good habits for mental health and well-being. This is important for future mental health, as most mental health problems manifest during adolescen...

    Authors: Nicola J. Simkiss, Nicola S. Gray, Greg Malone, Andrew Kemp and Robert J. Snowden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:727

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disproportionately affects the Southern United States, accounting for approximately 46% of people living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to testing, t...

    Authors: Renessa Williams, Robert Cook, Babette Brumback, Christa Cook, Miriam Ezenwa, Emma Spencer and Robert Lucero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:723

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To evaluate the association between weight misperception and psychological symptoms in the Determinants of young Adults Social well-being and Health (DASH) longitudinal study.

    Authors: Christelle Elia, Alexis Karamanos, Maria João Silva, Maeve O’Connor, Yao Lu, Alexandru Dregan, Peiyuan Huang, Majella O’Keeffe, J. Kennedy Cruickshank, Elli Z. Enayat, Aidan Cassidy, Oarabile R. Molaodi, Maria Maynard and Seeromanie Harding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:712

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Accumulated evidence suggests that individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) are at particular risk of developing alcohol use disorder (AUD). Yet, little is known about the mechanisms under this high como...

    Authors: Sojung Kim and Jung-Hye Kwon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:709

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Understanding the factors influencing cognitive reactivity (CR) may help identify individuals at risk for first episode depression and relapse and facilitate routine access to preventative treatments. However,...

    Authors: Fei Fei Huang, Zhi Peng Wen, Qi Li, Bin Chen and Wen Jie Weng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:703

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The 2015 outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in the Republic of Korea is a recent and representative occurrence of nationwide outbreaks of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs). In addition to ph...

    Authors: Hye Yoon Park, Wan Beom Park, So Hee Lee, Jeong Lan Kim, Jung Jae Lee, Haewoo Lee and Hyoung-Shik Shin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:605

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Children living in challenged humanitarian settings (including those in rural/underserved areas, the displaced, refugees, in conflict/post conflict situations) are at greater risk of mental health difficulties...

    Authors: Karin Haar, Aala El-Khani, Virginia Molgaard and Wadih Maalouf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:634

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Globally, there has been an exponential rise in smartphone use and selfie taking among youth. To make selfies exciting, dangerous selfies are often taken that may lead to catastrophic consequences, including d...

    Authors: Priyamadhaba Behera, Arvind Kumar Singh, Vikas Bhatia, P. S. Preeti, Rishav Kumar, Satyajeet Das, Rupesh Tholia, Ritajyoti Ghosh, Sandeep Kumar, K. S. Safiya, Rojismita Purohit and Raman Bansal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:628

    Content type: Research article

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  44. With the increased vulnerability during pregnancy, domestic violence (DV) is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of pregnant women, making it a significant issue in public health initiatives. In...

    Authors: Baohua Zheng, Xidi Zhu, Zhao Hu, Wensu Zhou, Yunhan Yu, Shilin Yin and Huilan Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:620

    Content type: Research article

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  45. A maintained psychological wellbeing is important in order to continue working longer and remain active into older age. However, little is known about impact of different organizational factors, such as downsi...

    Authors: Sandra Blomqvist, Hugo Westerlund, Kristina Alexanderson and Linda L. Magnusson Hanson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:618

    Content type: Research article

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