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Mental health

Section edited by Noriko Cable.

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. Depression is a major risk factor for the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. A transtheoretical model-based intervention and motivational interviewing have been used to change health risk behav...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Li, Silan Yang, Yishu Wang, Bingxiang Yang and Jingping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Flooding is expected to increase due to climate change, population growth and urban development. The longer-term mental health impacts of flooding are not well understood. In 2015, the English National Study o...

    Authors: Ranya Mulchandani, Ben Armstrong, Charles R. Beck, Thomas David Waite, Richard Amlôt, Sari Kovats, Giovanni Leonardi, G. James Rubin and Isabel Oliver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Mental health outcomes vary widely among high-income countries, although mental health problems represent an increasing proportion of the burden of disease for all countries. This has led to increased demand f...

    Authors: Daniel S. Park, Jing Han, Mahmoud Torabi and Evelyn L. Forget

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Dating violence has an alarming prevalence among Brazilian adolescents. School-based preventive programs have been implemented, but remain isolated initiatives with low reach. Health communication strategies b...

    Authors: Sheila Giardini Murta, Priscila de Oliveira Parada, Sara da Silva Meneses, João Victor Venâncio Medeiros, Amanda Balbino, Marina Caricatti Rodrigues, Marco Akira Miura, Thiago André Araújo dos Santos and Hein de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:391

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Accessing quality mental health care poses significant challenges for persons affected by adversity, especially in low- and middle-income countries where resources are scarce. To mitigate this, the World Healt...

    Authors: Aemal Akhtar, Luana Giardinelli, Ahmad Bawaneh, Manar Awwad, Hadeel Naser, Claire Whitney, Mark J. D. Jordans, Marit Sijbrandij and Richard A. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:390

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Alcohol-related hospital admissions have doubled in the last ten years to > 1.2 m per year in England. High-need, high-cost (HNHC) alcohol-related frequent attenders (ARFA) are a relatively small subgroup of p...

    Authors: R. Blackwood, A. Wolstenholme, A. Kimergård, S. Fincham-Campbell, Z. Khadjesari, S. Coulton, S. Byford, P. Deluca, S. Jennings, E. Currell, J. Dunne, J. O’Toole, J. Winnington, E. Finch and C. Drummond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:332

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Employment is recognised as facilitating the personal and clinical recovery of people with psychosocial disability. Yet this group continue to experience considerable barriers to work, and, constitute a signif...

    Authors: Alexandra Devine, Cathy Vaughan, Anne Kavanagh, Helen Dickinson, Sean Byars, Stefanie Dimov, Bill Gye and Lisa Brophy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Suicidal ideation is subject to serious underestimation among existing public health studies. While numerous factors have been recognized in affecting suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB), the associated envi...

    Authors: Yunsong Chen, Guangye He, Buwei Chen, Senhu Wang, Guodong Ju and Ting Ge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Paediatric burns are highly painful and traumatising injuries that are overrepresented among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Paediatric burn patients’ pain remains poorly managed by pharmacologic...

    Authors: H. M. Williams, K. Hunter, K. Clapham, C. Ryder, R. Kimble and B. Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is a large literature on the health benefits of engagement with the arts. However, there are also well-recognised challenges in ensuring equity of engagement with these activities. Specifically, it remai...

    Authors: Daisy Fancourt, Louise Baxter and Fabiana Lorencatto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Responding to intimate partner violence (IPV) and its consequences is made complex by women’s diverse needs, priorities and contexts. Tailored online IPV interventions that account for differences among women ...

    Authors: Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Nancy Perrin, Judith Wuest, C. Nadine Wathen, James Case and Nancy Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Depression is one of the common and overwhelming mental disorder in diabetic patients. A little is known about the prevalence and associated factors of depression among diabetic patients at general hospitals. ...

    Authors: Nigus Alemnew Engidaw, Abate Dargie Wubetu and Elyas Admasu Basha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Media guidelines on suicide reporting of suicide have two purposes: to prevent further suicides, and to minimise distress to the bereaved, who are themselves at increased risk of suicide. We aimed to describe ...

    Authors: Philip Gregory, Fiona Stevenson, Michael King, David Osborn and Alexandra Pitman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mental disorders are the most common reason for sick leave in Sweden. Knowledge about effective methods to help these individuals to return to work (RTW)/entry into work or studies is limited. Rehabilitation c...

    Authors: Åsa Andersén, Erik Berglund and Ingrid Anderzén

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:250

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Arts engagement within communities is ubiquitous across cultures globally and previous research has suggested its benefits for mental health and wellbeing. However, it remains unclear whether these benefits ar...

    Authors: Senhu Wang, Hei Wan Mak and Daisy Fancourt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Common mental disorders (CMD) in children and adolescents can be initial and non-specific manifestations of more serious mental diseases and often persist into adulthood. Therefore, early detection is importan...

    Authors: Beatriz Tosé Agathão, Claudia Souza Lopes, Diana Barbosa Cunha and Rosely Sichieri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  17. A priority area in the field of substance dependence treatment is reducing the rates of relapse. Previous research has demonstrated that telephone delivered continuing care interventions are both clinically an...

    Authors: Peter Kelly, Frank Deane, Amanda Baker, Gerard Byrne, Tayla Degan, Briony Osborne, Camilla Townsend, James McKay, Laura Robinson, Christopher Oldmeadow, Kenny Lawson, Andrew Searles and Joanne Lunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:107

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:258

  18. Chronic medical conditions (CMCs) affect up to 35% of children and adolescents. Youth with chronic medical conditions are at an increased risk of psychological distress and reduced health-related quality of li...

    Authors: Amy Finlay-Jones, Mark Boyes, Yael Perry, Fuschia Sirois, Rachael Lee and Clare Rees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:106

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Poor mental health is an important contributor to the global burden of disease. Mental health problems are often neglected in communities, and are scarcely studied in developing countries, including Myanmar. T...

    Authors: Win Thuzar Aye, Lars Lien, Hein Stigum, Hla Hla Win, Tin Oo and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Traditional postpartum practices are intended to provide care to mothers, but there is mixed evidence concerning their impact on postpartum depression (PPD). It remains unknown if there is a unique impact of p...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Nafeesa Andrabi, Lauren Zalla, Ashley Hagaman, Esther O. Chung, John A. Gallis, Elizabeth L. Turner, Sonia Bhalotra, Siham Sikander and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Very few programs aimed at improving body image among adolescent boys have been effective, and there is still no clear evidence as to what will work for universal prevention of eating disorders and body dissat...

    Authors: Joanna Rachel Doley, Siân Alexandra McLean, Scott Griffiths and Zali Yager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Families resettling to the U.S. from conflict-affected countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face countless challenges. These families must cope with experiences of armed conflict and forced mig...

    Authors: Lindsay Stark, Mackenzie V. Robinson, Ilana Seff, Wafa Hassan and Carine Allaf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Professional caregivers working in child and youth welfare institutions are frequently faced with the complex mental health issues, emotional needs and challenging coping strategies of clients with cumulated t...

    Authors: Marc Schmid, Janine Lüdtke, Claudia Dolitzsch, Sophia Fischer, Anne Eckert and Jörg M. Fegert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous studies have shown that intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in men who have sex with men (MSM). Mental health problems among MSM with IPV victimization have become a growing concern. The pres...

    Authors: Liping Peng, Rui She, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Fengsu Hou, Dannuo Wei and Jinghua Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is rising public concern over the widening health inequalities in many countries. The aim of this study was to clarify the associations of socioeconomic status (SES)-related variables, such as levels of ...

    Authors: Miwako Nagasu, Kazutaka Kogi and Isamu Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1759

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) by gender in Chinese rural adults.

    Authors: Zhicheng Luo, Yuqian Li, Yitan Hou, Xiaotian Liu, Jingjing Jiang, Yan Wang, Xue Liu, Dou Qiao, Xiaokang Dong, Ruiying Li, Fang Wang and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1744

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Self-harm (SH) behaviors are established risk factors of suicide, however, in Chinese left-behind children (LBC), SH remains severely under-discussed. In this study, we aimed to investigate SH and explore its ...

    Authors: Xin Tian, Wei Chang, Qiong Meng, Ying Chen, Zhen Yu, Limei He and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1728

    Content type: Research article

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  28. With rapid development of China’s economy, there were over 68.7 million left-behind children (LBC) in China whose mental health has become a problem of public concern. The present cross-sectional study aimed t...

    Authors: Xiu Zhang, Mengjie Li, Li Guo and Yanna Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1725

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Adverse childhood experience (ACE), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and resilience can all contribute to depressive symptoms. However, little is known regarding the complex relationships betwe...

    Authors: Changmian Ding, Tang Wang, Xiangfan Chen, Jingjing Li, Wei Wang, Danqin Huang, Hong Yan and Shiyue Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The rate of tobacco use among people with mental illness is nearly twice that of the general population. Psychotropic medications for tobacco cessation are relatively expensive for most Kenyans. Behavioral cou...

    Authors: Yvonne Olando, Mary Kuria, Muthoni Mathai and Mark D. Huffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1700

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. In Germany, the term ‘migration background’ has been established to differentiate between immigrants and natives. In the present study post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression were analys...

    Authors: Yuriy Nesterko, Michael Friedrich, Elmar Brähler, Andreas Hinz and Heide Glaesmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1697

    Content type: Research article

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  32. School is one of the most formative institutions for adolescents’ development, but whether school environment affects mental health is uncertain. We investigated the association between the school’s pedagogica...

    Authors: Krisztina D. László, Filip Andersson and Maria Rosaria Galanti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1695

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are considered as universal public health problem that associate with mental disorders and risky behaviors during adulthood. The aims of the paper are to estimate the preva...

    Authors: Ameel F. Al Shawi, Yassen T. Sarhan and Mahasin A. Altaha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1687

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study is built on a long-standing research partnership between the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health and the White Mountain Apache Tribe to identify effective interventions to prevent suicid...

    Authors: Victoria M. O’Keefe, Emily E. Haroz, Novalene Goklish, Jerreed Ivanich, Mary F. Cwik and Allison Barlow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1675

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. With nearly 30 % of the general population experiencing one mental disorder in 12 months, common mental disorders (CMDs) are highly prevalent in Germany and mainly affect the workforce. Therefore, the processe...

    Authors: Alexandra Sikora, Gundolf Schneider, Ralf Stegmann and Uta Wegewitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1653

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) worldwide. The economic, emotional and human cost of suicidal behaviour to individuals, families, communities and societ...

    Authors: Tashi Dema, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Sangay Thinley, Manju Rani, Tshering Dhendup, Chinmay Laxmeshwar, Karma Tenzin, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Tshering, Dil Kumar Subba, Tashi Penjore and Karma Lhazeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1605

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Children orphaned by parental AIDS or those of parents with HIV infection demonstrate many negative mental health outcomes. Different types of psychosocial interventions have been conducted to improve the psyc...

    Authors: Peilian Chi, Shan Zhao, Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yan Guo, Xiuyun Lin and Hongfei Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1572

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Millions of people are currently suffering from some form of mental disorders. The prevalence of common disorders is twofold higher in prison than general population and the condition is found to be worst in A...

    Authors: Wasihun Adraro, Habtamu Kerebih, Workinesh Tesema, Fira Abamecha and Hailemariam Hailesilassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1559

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Since Nepali cross-border migrants can freely enter, work and stay in India, they are largely undocumented. The majority is involved in semi-skilled or unskilled jobs with limited labour rights and social secu...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Nirmal Aryal, Pratik Adhikary, Radheshyam Krishna KC, Pramod Raj Regmi, Bikash Devkota, Guna Nidhi Sharma, Kolitha Wickramage, Edwin van Teijlingen and Padam Simkhada

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1534

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Improving the rates of, and instruments used in, screening for perinatal depression and anxiety among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are important public health priorities. The Kimberley Mum’s Moo...

    Authors: Emma Carlin, Sarah J. Blondell, Yvonne Cadet-James, Sandra Campbell, Melissa Williams, Catherine Engelke, Des Taverner, Rhonda Marriott, Karen Edmonds, David Atkinson and Julia V. Marley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Refugees are particularly vulnerable to poor mental health outcomes due to exposure to pre migration trauma and post migration stressors. Research has demonstrated evidence to suggest that the professional hel...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Pilar Rioseco, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo and Jonathan Mond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1485

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Emerging research on the use of new technology suggests that internet use is generally associated with high levels of efficiency among older adults in the following areas: quality of life, mood, positive psych...

    Authors: Yean Wang, Huan Zhang, Tong Feng and Hongyang Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1474

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, inc...

    Authors: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Paul McGreevy, Adrian Bauman, Anthony Podberscek, Brendon Neilly, Catherine Sherrington and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1428

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Adolescence is crucial period for laying the foundations for healthy development and mental well-being. The increasing prevalence of mental disorders amongst adolescents makes promotion of mental well-being an...

    Authors: Carlota Las Hayas, Irantzu Izco-Basurko, Ane Fullaondo, Silvia Gabrielli, Antoni Zwiefka, Odin Hjemdal, Dora G. Gudmundsdottir, Hans Henrik Knoop, Anna S. Olafsdottir, Valeria Donisi, Sara Carbone, Silvia Rizzi, Iwona Mazur, Anna Krolicka-Deregowska, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1413

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. People living with HIV (PLWH) have a high level of interest in quitting smoking, but only a small proportion have sustainable abstinence 6 months after cessation. Few investigations have focused on relapse to ...

    Authors: Cosmas M. Zyambo, Greer A. Burkholder, Karen L. Cropsey, James H. Willig, Craig M. Wilson, C. Ann Gakumo, Andrew O. Westfall and Peter S. Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1409

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Skin disease is a global public health problem that often has physiological, psychological and social impacts. However, it is not very clear how to adapt to these impacts, especially psychosocial adaptation of...

    Authors: Xiu-jie Zhang, Ai-ping Wang, Tie-ying Shi, Jun Zhang, Hui Xu, Da-qiu Wang and Li Feng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1404

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In developing countries, the prevalence of psychological distress was higher among tuberculosis patients. Patients with tuberculosis infection were more prone to psychological distress than peoples without tub...

    Authors: Tegegn Mulatu Ayana, Kedir Teji Roba and Myrla Obejero Mabalhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1392

    Content type: Research article

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