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Mental health

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. The COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictions caused major global disruption. Individuals with long-term physical health conditions (LTCs) are at higher risk of severe illness and often subject to the stri...

    Authors: A. Fisher, A. Roberts, A. R. McKinlay, D. Fancourt and A. Burton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1801

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in the working population, affecting about 1 in 5 persons in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. About 30% of those affected have ...

    Authors: E. Björk Brämberg, B. Arapovic-Johansson, U. Bültmann, P. Svedberg and G. Bergström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1756

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Eating disorder symptoms (EDs) have been discussed as a prominent problem among late adolescent girls with serious health risks and long-term consequences. However, there is a lack of population-based evidence...

    Authors: Caroline Cohrdes, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Katja Kajikhina and Heike Hölling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1751

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Previous research has examined individual-level and place characteristics as correlates of subjective wellbeing, with many studies concluding that individual factors (e.g. health, finances) are more strongly r...

    Authors: Eoin McElroy, Mathew Ashton, Anne Marie Bagnall, Terence Comerford, Mick McKeown, Praveetha Patalay, Andy Pennington, Jane South, Tim Wilson and Rhiannon Corcoran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1621

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Little remains known about both Asian and Asian American (A/AA) and non-Asian young adults’ experiences and affective reactions regarding COVID-19 anti-Asian discrimination. To our knowledge, this is the first...

    Authors: Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Casey D. Xavier Hall, Kana Tsurudome Garcia, Anna Cavallino, Yoonsook Ha, Yvette C. Cozier and Cindy Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1563

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Published studies examining the association between childhood maltreatment (CM) and self-harm (SH) among adolescents have been accumulated. It is possible that resilience serves as a moderator or mediator in C...

    Authors: Xin Tian, Jin Lu, Yusan Che, Die Fang, Hailiang Ran, Xingting He, Yanjiao Wang, Tianlan Wang, Xiufeng Xu, Guangya Yang and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1561

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Little is known about the prevalence of and factors associated with PTSD among adult females in Nigeria, particularly those who live in slums. PTSD is a mental health condition that develops among some individ...

    Authors: Olutoyin Sekoni, Sumaya Mall and Nicola Christofides

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1546

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1766

  8. A detailed community-level understanding of socioeconomic status (SES) and sociocultural status (SCS) of suicides and suicide attempters (SAs) in a prospective design could have significant implications for po...

    Authors: Ali Fakhari, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Elham Davtalab Esmaeili and Hosein Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1486

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Half of mental health disorders begin before the age of 14, highlighting the importance of prevention and early-intervention in childhood. Schools have been identified globally by policymakers as a platform to...

    Authors: S. Darling, G. Dawson, J. Quach, R. Smith, A. Perkins, A. Connolly, A. Smith, C. L. Moore, J. Ride and F. Oberklaid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1467

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. To investigate whether physical performance is independently of physical activity (PA) associated with positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being in middle-aged women.

    Authors: Dmitriy Bondarev, Sarianna Sipilä, Taija Finni, Urho M. Kujala, Pauliina Aukee, Vuokko Kovanen, Eija K. Laakkonen and Katja Kokko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1448

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Over recent years there have been several major terror attacks in cities across Europe. These attacks result in deaths, physical injuries, and pose long-term threats to mental health and wellbeing of large pop...

    Authors: Sandra Jumbe, Adrienne Milner, Megan Clinch, Jonathan Kennedy, Richard J. Pinder, Carolyn A. Sharpe and Kevin Fenton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1427

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the light of urbanization and aging, a crucially relevant policy question is how to shape neighborhoods to foster healthy aging. An important debate is whether older adults should group in neighborhoods, or...

    Authors: Eline Verspoor, Mariëlle A. Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger and Frank J. van Lenthe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1390

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Perinatal depression is a pervasive public health concern that disproportionately affects low-income women and can have negative impacts on parenting and child developmental outcomes. Few interventions focus o...

    Authors: Alicia Diebold, Jessica K. Johnson, Marianne Brennan, Jody D. Ciolino, Amelie Petitclerc, Lauren S. Wakschlag, Craig F. Garfield, Chen Yeh, Aiko Lovejoy, Dana Zakieh and S. Darius Tandon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1368

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Suicide in old age is a significant contributor to mortality. However, the extent to which life weariness and suicidal thoughts impact on mortality in a long-term perspective is unknown. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Cecilia Fagerström, Anna-Karin Welmer, Sölve Elmståhl and Hanna Tuvesson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1359

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. The provision of public adaptive coping strategies to reduce psychological tension during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is critical. We sought to provide evidence-based guidance for psychological intervention,...

    Authors: Yue Li and Jun Peng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1298

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The study titled ‘[t] he mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenya’ by Getanda, Papadopoulos and Evans identifies a critical area and c...

    Authors: Robson Mandishekwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1184

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2015 15:755

  17. Female sex workers operating in conflict-affected settings could be at a much greater risk of major depression. However, the epidemiology of major depression in this population remains understudied. We aimed t...

    Authors: Simple Ouma, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Rawlance Ndejjo and Catherine Abbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1134

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Youth experiencing homelessness are at high risk for suicide, yet few studies have evaluated risk reduction interventions targeting suicidal ideation in this vulnerable population. A comprehensive approach to ...

    Authors: Laura Chavez, Kelly Kelleher, Alicia Bunger, Brittany Brackenoff, Ruri Famelia, Jodi Ford, Xin Feng, Allen Mallory, Jared Martin, Arielle Sheftall, Laura Walsh, Tansel Yilmazer and Natasha Slesnick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1128

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Youth suicide prevention in high-schools and universities is a public health priority. Our aim was to propose a research agenda to advance evidence-based suicide prevention in high-schools and universities by ...

    Authors: Elsie Breet, Matsie Matooane, Mark Tomlinson and Jason Bantjes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. HIV and mental disorders are predicted to be the leading causes of illness worldwide by the year 2030. HIV-infected patients are at increased risk of developing mental disorders which are significantly associa...

    Authors: Peter Memiah, Lillian Nkinda, Mtebe Majigo, Felix Humwa, Zelalem T. Haile, Kennedy Muthoka, Aisha Zuheri, Anne Kamau, Lucy Ochola and Gabriel Buluku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1535

  21. School closure created difficulties for parents, who were asked to care for their children and help them with schooling, while working at home. We aimed to explore the experiences in organising school for chil...

    Authors: Francesca Scarpellini, Giulia Segre, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Rita Campi, Antonio Clavenna and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1035

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Child psychological distress in refugee settings is a significant public health concern, which is exacerbated by poor caregiver mental health and functioning. However, there are limited studies about effective...

    Authors: Flora Cohen, Sabrina Hermosilla, Justin Knox, Gary Samuel Agaba, Grace Obalim, Rehema Kajungu, Patrick Onyango Mangen and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:932

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. There is an urgent need for knowledge about the mental health consequences of the ongoing pandemic. The aim of this study was to identify vulnerability factors for psychological distress and reduced life satis...

    Authors: Ines Blix, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland and Siri Thoresen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:928

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In the UK, around 5% of 11–16-year olds experience conduct problems of clinical importance. However, there are limited data on prevalence of conduct problems by ethnic group, and how putative social risk facto...

    Authors: Rachel Blakey, Craig Morgan, Charlotte Gayer-Anderson, Sam Davis, Stephanie Beards, Seeromanie Harding, Vanessa Pinfold, Kamaldeep Bhui, Gemma Knowles and Essi Viding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:849

    Content type: Research article

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  25. One public health problem that cannot be ignored is the mental health of left-behind elderly individuals in rural areas. However, the burden of care and parenting stress among left-behind elderly individuals h...

    Authors: Mengjuan Zhao, Ziqiang Zhu, Chenchen Kong and Chunshan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:846

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Alcohol use is a major public health challenge in France, where at the age of 17 half the young people report an episode of severe alcohol intoxication in the month preceding the survey. Numerous prevention pr...

    Authors: morgane guillou-landreat, Elkhan Tahmazov, Schreck Benoit, Marie Grall-bronnec, Patricia Conrod, Audrey Livet, Emmanuel Nowak and Jean -Yves Le Reste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:783

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. The current study examined the change in local government staff’s emotional distress over 7 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, and the influence of earthquake exposure and professional quality of life (...

    Authors: Yunge Fan, Lili Guan, Hu Xiang, Xianmei Yang, Guoping Huang, Wenhong Cheng, Yongbiao Xie, Xiuzhen Wang, Guangming Liang, Ming He, Ruiru Wang, Jia Hu, Menglin Liu, Xiaojie Mou, Baoming Wu, Hong Ma…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:702

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Growing evidence suggests that maternal mental health issues are associated with (young) children’s weight outcomes. However, most studies have been limited by cross-sectional designs and have been aimed at (y...

    Authors: Maaike Koning, Jacqueline Vink, Tommy L. S. Visscher and Junilla Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:675

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes, both short-term and long-term, among SARS patients, healthcare workers and the general publ...

    Authors: Steven W. H. Chau, Oscar W. H. Wong, Rema Ramakrishnan, Sandra S. M. Chan, Evelyn K. Y. Wong, Pinky Y. T. Li, Vanessa Raymont, Kathryn Elliot, Shanaya Rathod, Gayathri Delanerolle and Peter Phiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:670

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pressing phenomenon whose consequences are associated with severe physical and mental health outcomes. Every minute, around 24 people in the United States are raped, physic...

    Authors: Vivian Hui and Rose Eva Constantino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:641

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Community disaster resilience is comprised of a multitude of factors, including the capacity of citizens to psychologically recover. There is growing recognition of the need for public health departments to pr...

    Authors: Tamar Wyte-Lake, Susan Schmitz, Reginald J. Kornegay, Felix Acevedo and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:639

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Mental disorders are related to high individual suffering and significant socio-economic burdens. However, it remains unclear to what extent self-reported mental distress is related to individuals’ days of inc...

    Authors: Gerhard Müller, Manuela Bombana, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrenner, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Martin Bohus, Lisa Lyssenko and Ruben Vonderlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:625

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Psychological distress refers to non-specific symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression, and it is more common in women. Our aim was to investigate factors contributing to psychological distress in the workin...

    Authors: Satu Viertiö, Olli Kiviruusu, Maarit Piirtola, Jaakko Kaprio, Tellervo Korhonen, Mauri Marttunen and Jaana Suvisaari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:611

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Given the emerging literature regarding the impacts of lockdown measures on mental health, this study aims to describe the psychosocial health of school-aged children and adolescents during the COVID-19 Safer-...

    Authors: Sarah L. McKune, Daniel Acosta, Nick Diaz, Kaitlin Brittain, Diana Joyce- Beaulieu, Anthony T. Maurelli and Eric J. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:603

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Canadian post-secondary students are considered to be at risk for chronic stress and languishing mental health, but there has been no longitudinal analysis of the available population-level data. The purpose o...

    Authors: Brooke Linden, Randall Boyes and Heather Stuart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:590

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Parental mental health conditions have been associated with increased morbidity and use of healthcare services in offspring. Existing studies have not examined different severities of parental mental health co...

    Authors: Signe Heuckendorff, Martin Nygård Johansen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Charlotte Overgaard and Kirsten Fonager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. HIV affects many adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa. Given the bi-directional HIV and mental health relationship, mental health services may help prevent and treat HIV in this population. ...

    Authors: Nondumiso Mthiyane, Guy Harling, Natsayi Chimbindi, Kathy Baisley, Janet Seeley, Jaco Dreyer, Thembelihle Zuma, Isolde Birdthistle, Sian Floyd, Nuala McGrath, Frank Tanser, Maryam Shahmanesh and Lorraine Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Globally COVID-19 has had a profound impact on the psychological wellbeing of millions of people, and there is an urgent imperative to address elevated levels of distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Worl...

    Authors: Dharani Keyan, Katie Dawson, Suzanna Azevado, Srishti Yadav, Jenny Tran and Richard A. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:474

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. The adolescent years see significant physical and emotional development that lay foundations for patterns of behaviour that can continue into adult life, including the shaping of eating behaviours. Given paren...

    Authors: Lucy M. Dahill, Stephen Touyz, Natalie M. V. Morrison and Phillipa Hay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are a common pathway to adult depression. This pathway is particularly important during the perinatal period when women are at an elevated risk for depression. However, thi...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Lisa M. Bates, Esther O. Chung, John A. Gallis, Ashley Hagaman, Elissa Scherer, Siham Sikander, Brooke S. Staley, Lauren C. Zalla, Paul N. Zivich and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) is a new pandemic, declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization, which could have negative consequences for pregnant and postpartum women. The scarce e...

    Authors: Emma Motrico, Rena Bina, Sara Domínguez-Salas, Vera Mateus, Yolanda Contreras-García, Mercedes Carrasco-Portiño, Erilda Ajaz, Gisele Apter, Andri Christoforou, Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Ethel Felice, Camellia Hancheva, Eleni Vousoura, Claire A Wilson, Rachel Buhagiar, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:368

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  42. Physical activity (PA) is a modifiable risk factor for postnatal depression (PND) and programs are needed to enhance PA amongst women at risk of PND. Key stakeholder involvement in informing development and im...

    Authors: Megan Teychenne, Maria Apostolopoulos, Kylie Ball, Ellinor K. Olander, Rachelle S. Opie, Simon Rosenbaum and Rachel Laws

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Parenting styles are significantly associated with self-harm (SH) in adolescents. Nevertheless, little is known about the mechanism underlying this association. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the poten...

    Authors: Hailiang Ran, Die Fang, Ahouanse Roland Donald, Rui Wang, Yusan Che, Xingting He, Tianlan Wang, Xiufeng Xu, Jin Lu and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. There is a need to understand the psychological characteristics of suicide attempters to prevent future suicide attempts. This study aims to examine potential differences between individuals who have attempted...

    Authors: Bob Lew, Augustine Osman, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Won Sun Chen, Norhayati Ibrahim, Cun-Xian Jia and Ching Sin Siau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging epidemic caused by the new Coronavirus. It has affected more than 200 countries, infected 5,939,234 people, and killed 367,255 in the world until 1 June 2020. While the...

    Authors: Fatemeh Khademian, Sajad Delavari, Zahra Koohjani and Zahra Khademian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Research increasingly highlight post-migration factors for migrants’ mental health status. We investigated the association between participation in a health promotion program and changes in migrants’ mental he...

    Authors: Olof Wrede, Jesper Löve, Junmei Miao Jonasson, Mamtuti Panneh and Gunilla Priebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Since the last decade, postpartum depression (PPD) has been recognized as a significant public health problem, and several factors have been linked to PPD. Mothers at risk are rarely undetected and underdiagno...

    Authors: Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi and Nadia Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: