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Mental health

Section edited by Noriko Cable.

This section aims to publish the latest research in the field of mental health, through a public health lens. Broadly speaking, we will publish research that enables us to protect and promote good mental health and wellbeing, whilst aiming to prevent mental illness.

We welcome research that will transform our collective understanding of mental health, from the individual to the community level, and across all sectors. This includes studies that employ an epidemiological approach to examine stress, anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

To inform policy and initiatives, we also strongly encourage submissions that address growing areas of concern, from technology and social media and its impacts on bullying and self-image, to issues of loneliness and isolation.

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  1. Depression is one of the common and overwhelming mental disorder in diabetic patients. A little is known about the prevalence and associated factors of depression among diabetic patients at general hospitals. ...

    Authors: Nigus Alemnew Engidaw, Abate Dargie Wubetu and Elyas Admasu Basha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Media guidelines on suicide reporting of suicide have two purposes: to prevent further suicides, and to minimise distress to the bereaved, who are themselves at increased risk of suicide. We aimed to describe ...

    Authors: Philip Gregory, Fiona Stevenson, Michael King, David Osborn and Alexandra Pitman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Mental disorders are the most common reason for sick leave in Sweden. Knowledge about effective methods to help these individuals to return to work (RTW)/entry into work or studies is limited. Rehabilitation c...

    Authors: Åsa Andersén, Erik Berglund and Ingrid Anderzén

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:250

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Arts engagement within communities is ubiquitous across cultures globally and previous research has suggested its benefits for mental health and wellbeing. However, it remains unclear whether these benefits ar...

    Authors: Senhu Wang, Hei Wan Mak and Daisy Fancourt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Common mental disorders (CMD) in children and adolescents can be initial and non-specific manifestations of more serious mental diseases and often persist into adulthood. Therefore, early detection is importan...

    Authors: Beatriz Tosé Agathão, Claudia Souza Lopes, Diana Barbosa Cunha and Rosely Sichieri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A priority area in the field of substance dependence treatment is reducing the rates of relapse. Previous research has demonstrated that telephone delivered continuing care interventions are both clinically an...

    Authors: Peter Kelly, Frank Deane, Amanda Baker, Gerard Byrne, Tayla Degan, Briony Osborne, Camilla Townsend, James McKay, Laura Robinson, Christopher Oldmeadow, Kenny Lawson, Andrew Searles and Joanne Lunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:107

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:258

  7. Chronic medical conditions (CMCs) affect up to 35% of children and adolescents. Youth with chronic medical conditions are at an increased risk of psychological distress and reduced health-related quality of li...

    Authors: Amy Finlay-Jones, Mark Boyes, Yael Perry, Fuschia Sirois, Rachael Lee and Clare Rees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:106

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Poor mental health is an important contributor to the global burden of disease. Mental health problems are often neglected in communities, and are scarcely studied in developing countries, including Myanmar. T...

    Authors: Win Thuzar Aye, Lars Lien, Hein Stigum, Hla Hla Win, Tin Oo and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:94

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Traditional postpartum practices are intended to provide care to mothers, but there is mixed evidence concerning their impact on postpartum depression (PPD). It remains unknown if there is a unique impact of p...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Nafeesa Andrabi, Lauren Zalla, Ashley Hagaman, Esther O. Chung, John A. Gallis, Elizabeth L. Turner, Sonia Bhalotra, Siham Sikander and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Very few programs aimed at improving body image among adolescent boys have been effective, and there is still no clear evidence as to what will work for universal prevention of eating disorders and body dissat...

    Authors: Joanna Rachel Doley, Siân Alexandra McLean, Scott Griffiths and Zali Yager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Families resettling to the U.S. from conflict-affected countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face countless challenges. These families must cope with experiences of armed conflict and forced mig...

    Authors: Lindsay Stark, Mackenzie V. Robinson, Ilana Seff, Wafa Hassan and Carine Allaf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Professional caregivers working in child and youth welfare institutions are frequently faced with the complex mental health issues, emotional needs and challenging coping strategies of clients with cumulated t...

    Authors: Marc Schmid, Janine Lüdtke, Claudia Dolitzsch, Sophia Fischer, Anne Eckert and Jörg M. Fegert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Previous studies have shown that intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in men who have sex with men (MSM). Mental health problems among MSM with IPV victimization have become a growing concern. The pres...

    Authors: Liping Peng, Rui She, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Fengsu Hou, Dannuo Wei and Jinghua Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There is rising public concern over the widening health inequalities in many countries. The aim of this study was to clarify the associations of socioeconomic status (SES)-related variables, such as levels of ...

    Authors: Miwako Nagasu, Kazutaka Kogi and Isamu Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1759

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) by gender in Chinese rural adults.

    Authors: Zhicheng Luo, Yuqian Li, Yitan Hou, Xiaotian Liu, Jingjing Jiang, Yan Wang, Xue Liu, Dou Qiao, Xiaokang Dong, Ruiying Li, Fang Wang and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1744

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Self-harm (SH) behaviors are established risk factors of suicide, however, in Chinese left-behind children (LBC), SH remains severely under-discussed. In this study, we aimed to investigate SH and explore its ...

    Authors: Xin Tian, Wei Chang, Qiong Meng, Ying Chen, Zhen Yu, Limei He and Yuanyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1728

    Content type: Research article

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  17. With rapid development of China’s economy, there were over 68.7 million left-behind children (LBC) in China whose mental health has become a problem of public concern. The present cross-sectional study aimed t...

    Authors: Xiu Zhang, Mengjie Li, Li Guo and Yanna Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1725

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Adverse childhood experience (ACE), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and resilience can all contribute to depressive symptoms. However, little is known regarding the complex relationships betwe...

    Authors: Changmian Ding, Tang Wang, Xiangfan Chen, Jingjing Li, Wei Wang, Danqin Huang, Hong Yan and Shiyue Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The rate of tobacco use among people with mental illness is nearly twice that of the general population. Psychotropic medications for tobacco cessation are relatively expensive for most Kenyans. Behavioral cou...

    Authors: Yvonne Olando, Mary Kuria, Muthoni Mathai and Mark D. Huffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1700

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. In Germany, the term ‘migration background’ has been established to differentiate between immigrants and natives. In the present study post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression were analys...

    Authors: Yuriy Nesterko, Michael Friedrich, Elmar Brähler, Andreas Hinz and Heide Glaesmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1697

    Content type: Research article

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  21. School is one of the most formative institutions for adolescents’ development, but whether school environment affects mental health is uncertain. We investigated the association between the school’s pedagogica...

    Authors: Krisztina D. László, Filip Andersson and Maria Rosaria Galanti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1695

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are considered as universal public health problem that associate with mental disorders and risky behaviors during adulthood. The aims of the paper are to estimate the preva...

    Authors: Ameel F. Al Shawi, Yassen T. Sarhan and Mahasin A. Altaha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1687

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study is built on a long-standing research partnership between the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health and the White Mountain Apache Tribe to identify effective interventions to prevent suicid...

    Authors: Victoria M. O’Keefe, Emily E. Haroz, Novalene Goklish, Jerreed Ivanich, Mary F. Cwik and Allison Barlow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1675

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. With nearly 30 % of the general population experiencing one mental disorder in 12 months, common mental disorders (CMDs) are highly prevalent in Germany and mainly affect the workforce. Therefore, the processe...

    Authors: Alexandra Sikora, Gundolf Schneider, Ralf Stegmann and Uta Wegewitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1653

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) worldwide. The economic, emotional and human cost of suicidal behaviour to individuals, families, communities and societ...

    Authors: Tashi Dema, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Sangay Thinley, Manju Rani, Tshering Dhendup, Chinmay Laxmeshwar, Karma Tenzin, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Tshering, Dil Kumar Subba, Tashi Penjore and Karma Lhazeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1605

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Children orphaned by parental AIDS or those of parents with HIV infection demonstrate many negative mental health outcomes. Different types of psychosocial interventions have been conducted to improve the psyc...

    Authors: Peilian Chi, Shan Zhao, Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yan Guo, Xiuyun Lin and Hongfei Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1572

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Millions of people are currently suffering from some form of mental disorders. The prevalence of common disorders is twofold higher in prison than general population and the condition is found to be worst in A...

    Authors: Wasihun Adraro, Habtamu Kerebih, Workinesh Tesema, Fira Abamecha and Hailemariam Hailesilassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1559

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Since Nepali cross-border migrants can freely enter, work and stay in India, they are largely undocumented. The majority is involved in semi-skilled or unskilled jobs with limited labour rights and social secu...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Nirmal Aryal, Pratik Adhikary, Radheshyam Krishna KC, Pramod Raj Regmi, Bikash Devkota, Guna Nidhi Sharma, Kolitha Wickramage, Edwin van Teijlingen and Padam Simkhada

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1534

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Improving the rates of, and instruments used in, screening for perinatal depression and anxiety among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are important public health priorities. The Kimberley Mum’s Moo...

    Authors: Emma Carlin, Sarah J. Blondell, Yvonne Cadet-James, Sandra Campbell, Melissa Williams, Catherine Engelke, Des Taverner, Rhonda Marriott, Karen Edmonds, David Atkinson and Julia V. Marley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1521

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Refugees are particularly vulnerable to poor mental health outcomes due to exposure to pre migration trauma and post migration stressors. Research has demonstrated evidence to suggest that the professional hel...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Pilar Rioseco, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo and Jonathan Mond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1485

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Emerging research on the use of new technology suggests that internet use is generally associated with high levels of efficiency among older adults in the following areas: quality of life, mood, positive psych...

    Authors: Yean Wang, Huan Zhang, Tong Feng and Hongyang Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1474

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, inc...

    Authors: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Paul McGreevy, Adrian Bauman, Anthony Podberscek, Brendon Neilly, Catherine Sherrington and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1428

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Adolescence is crucial period for laying the foundations for healthy development and mental well-being. The increasing prevalence of mental disorders amongst adolescents makes promotion of mental well-being an...

    Authors: Carlota Las Hayas, Irantzu Izco-Basurko, Ane Fullaondo, Silvia Gabrielli, Antoni Zwiefka, Odin Hjemdal, Dora G. Gudmundsdottir, Hans Henrik Knoop, Anna S. Olafsdottir, Valeria Donisi, Sara Carbone, Silvia Rizzi, Iwona Mazur, Anna Krolicka-Deregowska, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1413

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. People living with HIV (PLWH) have a high level of interest in quitting smoking, but only a small proportion have sustainable abstinence 6 months after cessation. Few investigations have focused on relapse to ...

    Authors: Cosmas M. Zyambo, Greer A. Burkholder, Karen L. Cropsey, James H. Willig, Craig M. Wilson, C. Ann Gakumo, Andrew O. Westfall and Peter S. Hendricks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1409

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Skin disease is a global public health problem that often has physiological, psychological and social impacts. However, it is not very clear how to adapt to these impacts, especially psychosocial adaptation of...

    Authors: Xiu-jie Zhang, Ai-ping Wang, Tie-ying Shi, Jun Zhang, Hui Xu, Da-qiu Wang and Li Feng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1404

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In developing countries, the prevalence of psychological distress was higher among tuberculosis patients. Patients with tuberculosis infection were more prone to psychological distress than peoples without tub...

    Authors: Tegegn Mulatu Ayana, Kedir Teji Roba and Myrla Obejero Mabalhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1392

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Suicide is a major public health issue worldwide. Those who have made a recent suicide attempt are at high risk for dying by suicide in the future, particularly during the period immediately following departur...

    Authors: Vida V. Bliokas, Alex R. Hains, Jonathan A. Allan, Luise Lago and Rebecca Sng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1380

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. This scoping review summarizes the existing literature regarding the mental health of physicians and physicians-in-training and explores what types of mental health concerns are discussed in the literature, wh...

    Authors: Mara Mihailescu and Elena Neiterman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1363

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite the availability of evidence-based treatment, there is a substantial gap between the number of individuals in need of mental health care and those who receive treatment. The aim of this study was to as...

    Authors: Nagendra P. Luitel, Emily C. Garman, Mark J. D. Jordans and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1350

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Slapping/spanking is related to a number of poor health outcomes. Understanding what factors are related to the increased or decreased use of spanking/slapping is necessary to inform prevention. This study use...

    Authors: Tracie O. Afifi, Janique Fortier, Harriet L. MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez, Melissa Kimber, Katholiki Georgiades, Laura Duncan, Tamara Taillieu, Isabel Garces Davila and Shannon Struck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1345

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Getting it Right study determined the validity, sensitivity, specificity and acceptability of the culturally adapted 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (aPHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression in Abori...

    Authors: Sara Farnbach, Graham Gee, Anne-Marie Eades, John Robert Evans, Jamie Fernando, Belinda Hammond, Matty Simms, Karrina DeMasi, Nick Glozier, Alex Brown and Maree L. Hackett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hostility can result in negative outcomes in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA); however, previous research on this topic is far from adequate. To contribute to existing knowledge on this aspect of PLWHA, the...

    Authors: Miaomiao Zhao, Baohua Liu, Tong Zheng, Jiao Xu, Yanhua Hao, Jiahui Wang, Xin Zhang, Wanling Nie, Chao Wang, Fuxiang Wang, Mingli Jiao, Qunhong Wu and Libo Liang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1189

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Despite an understanding of the circumstances of child marriage, including how it limits agency and erodes childhood support systems, not much is known about the relationship between child marriage and mental ...

    Authors: Neetu A. John, Jeffrey Edmeades and Lydia Murithi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1029

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Depression is regarded as a major public health concern in our society. While living arrangements as a structural factor of social support may contribute to older adults’ depression. Our study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yong Zhang, Zifeng Liu, Lingling Zhang, Paiyi Zhu, Xin Wang and Yixiang Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1017

    Content type: Research article

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  45. There is growing awareness of the need for effective prevention, early detection, and novel treatment approaches for common mental disorders (CMDs) among university students. Reliable epidemiological data on p...

    Authors: Jason Bantjes, Christine Lochner, Wylene Saal, Janine Roos, Lian Taljaard, Daniel Page, Randy P. Auerbach, Philippe Mortier, Ronny Bruffaerts, Ronald C. Kessler and Dan J. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:922

    Content type: Research article

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  46. A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the associations between social capital and health. In residential or geographical areas, social capital has attracted attention for its protective effects against s...

    Authors: Daisuke Hori, Soshi Takao, Ichiro Kawachi, Yuh Ohtaki, Christina-Sylvia Andrea, Tsukasa Takahashi, Nagisa Shiraki, Tomohiko Ikeda, Yu Ikeda, Shotaro Doki, Yuichi Oi, Shinichiro Sasahara and Ichiyo Matsuzaki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:919

    Content type: Research article

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