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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 5 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    We planned to determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients.

    Authors: Jing Cai, Aiguo Ma, Qiuzhen Wang, Xiuxia Han, Shanliang Zhao, Yu Wang, Evert G. Schouten and Frans J. Kok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:228

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  2. Content type: Research article

    During the last ten years, a resurgence of syphilis has occurred in many countries worldwide, including Togo. Previous studies have shown a wide range of syphilis infection among the female sex workers (FSWs),...

    Authors: Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Bayaki Saka, Koffi Akolly, Yao Layibo, Issifou Yaya, Dodji Gbetoglo, Abiba Kere Banla and Palokinam Pitché

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:219

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Contact with animals and their environment has long been recognized as an important source of enteric zoonoses. However, there are limited data available on the burden of illness associated with specific types...

    Authors: Yvonne Whitfield, Karen Johnson, Leigh Hobbs, Dean Middleton, Badal Dhar and Linda Vrbova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:217

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  4. Content type: Research article

    There is paucity of data on quality of life as a dimension of treatment outcome among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected patients. This study sought to explore perceived quality of life among Visceral L...

    Authors: Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin and Abebaw Gebayehu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:204

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Despite widespread implementation of syndromic surveillance systems within public health agencies, previous studies of the implementation and use of these systems have indicated that the functions and response...

    Authors: Laura A. Rivera, Ye Li, Rachel D. Savage, Natasha S. Crowcroft, Shelly Bolotin, Laura C. Rosella, Wendy Lou, Jessica Hopkins, Ian Gemmill and Ian Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:199

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although preventable, tetanus still claims tens of thousands of deaths each year. The patterns and distribution of mortality from tetanus have not been well characterized. We identified the global, regional, a...

    Authors: Hmwe H. Kyu, John Everett Mumford, Jeffrey D. Stanaway, Ryan M. Barber, Jamie R. Hancock, Theo Vos, Christopher J. L. Murray and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:179

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a min...

    Authors: Kimberly Page, Michelle Yu, Jennifer Cohen, Jennifer Evans, Martha Shumway and Elise D. Riley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:171

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan ...

    Authors: Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu and Xinqiao Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:168

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite the undisputed public health benefits of routine vaccination, adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) remain a concern. As most adverse events are mild, they may be under-reported; this may underl...

    Authors: Jana Danova, Aneta Kocourkova and Alexander M. Celko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:167

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  10. Content type: Research article

    There is an increasing trend toward international migration worldwide. With it comes a challenge for public health and public funded health care systems to meet the migrating population’s health needs. Men who...

    Authors: Susanne Strömdahl, Fredrik Liljeros, Anna Ekéus Thorson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson and Birger C. Forsberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:139

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of syphilis and timely treatment can effectively reduce ongoing syphilis transmission and morbidity. We examined the factors associated with the early diagnosis of syphilis to inform syphilis s...

    Authors: Ngai Sze Wong, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Lei Chen, Peizhen Zhao, Joseph D. Tucker, Li Gang Yang, Beng Tin Goh and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:135

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  12. Content type: Research article

    According to the Bangladesh National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP), the proportion of childhood tuberculosis (TB) among all reported cases is only 3%. This is considerably lower compared to other high-bur...

    Authors: Ziaul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:131

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing an epidemiological transition from a predominance of infectious diseases to non-communicable and lifestyle related conditions. However, the pace of this transition and the patt...

    Authors: R. Zoleko Manego, G. Mombo-Ngoma, M. Witte, J. Held, M. Gmeiner, T. Gebru, B. Tazemda, J. Mischlinger, M. Groger, B. Lell, A. A. Adegnika, S. T. Agnandji, P. G. Kremsner, B. Mordmüller, M. Ramharter and P. B. Matsiegui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:130

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite the global decline in death rates of children younger than five years old, the risk of a child dying before turning five years of age remains highest in the WHO African Region. The problem of child dea...

    Authors: Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Kassawmar Andargie and Molalign Tarekegn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:99

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Homeless men are highly vulnerable to acquisition of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) compared to the general population. In Brazil, a country of continental dimensions, the extent of HCV infection in this populati...

    Authors: Priscilla Martins Ferreira, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Christiane Moreira Souza, Lara Cristina da Cunha Guimarães, Cleiciane Vieira de Lima Barros, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano, Giovanni Rezza, Lila Spadoni and Sandra Maria Brunini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:90

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, active tuberculosis (TB) disease rates remain disproportionately higher among the Indigenous population, especially among the Inuit in the north. We used mathematical modeling to evaluate how interv...

    Authors: Ashleigh R. Tuite, Victor Gallant, Elaine Randell, Annie-Claude Bourgeois and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:73

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Malaria remains an important public health concern in China and is particularly serious in Yunnan, a China’s provincial region of high malaria burden with an incidence of 1.79/105 in 2012. This study aims to exam...

    Authors: Dongyang Yang, Chengdong Xu, Jinfeng Wang and Yong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:66

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Since 1990, reduction of tuberculosis (TB) mortality has been lower in South Africa than in other high-burden countries in Africa. This research investigated the influence of routinely captured demographic and...

    Authors: J Christo Heunis, N Gladys Kigozi, Perpetual Chikobvu, Sonja Botha and HCJ Dingie van Rensburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:38

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. It is also well established that HPV viruses are responsible for a variety of cancers. Little is known about t...

    Authors: Nelia M. Afonso, Maurice J. Kavanagh, Stephanie M. Swanberg, Jeanne M. Schulte, Tracy Wunderlich and Victoria C. Lucia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:35

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases are a significant public health concern, and early detection and immediate response is crucial for disease control. These challenges have led to the need for new ap...

    Authors: Jihye Choi, Youngtae Cho, Eunyoung Shim and Hyekyung Woo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1238

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Since 1900s, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been among the most important health problems in Sudan, particularly in the endemic areas such as eastern and central regions.

    Authors: Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed, Ahmed A. Ahmed, Saeed M. Omar, Gamal K. Adam, Tajeldin M. Abdallah and AbdelAziem A. Ali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1234

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in young children in Bangladesh. We present the epidemiology of pneumonia in Bangladeshi children <5 years before 10-valent pneumococcal con...

    Authors: Shampa Saha, Md Hasan, Lindsay Kim, Jennifer L. Farrar, Belal Hossain, Maksuda Islam, ASM Nawshad Uddin Ahmed, M. Ruhul Amin, Mohammed Hanif, Manzoor Hussain, Shams El-Arifeen, Cynthia G. Whitney and Samir K. Saha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1233

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  23. Content type: Correspondence

    In the alarming context of risk of Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission in the Euro-Mediterranean area, there is a need to examine whether capacities to detect, diagnose and notify ZIKV infections in the region are ...

    Authors: Camille Escadafal, Lobna Gaayeb, Flavia Riccardo, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Marie Picard, Maria Grazia Dente, Jovita Fernández-Pinero, Jean-Claude Manuguerra, Miguel-Ángel Jiménez-Clavero, Silvia Declich, Kathleen Victoir and Vincent Robert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1219

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are both transmitted through percutaneous exposures among people who inject drugs (PWID). Ecological analyses on global epidemiological data have identified a positive associati...

    Authors: Vajiheh Akbarzadeh, Ghina R. Mumtaz, Susanne F. Awad, Helen A. Weiss and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1216

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  25. Content type: Research article

    While the risk of severe complications of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and its determinants have been explored in previous studies, a systematic analysis of published articles with different designs...

    Authors: Ryota Matsuyama, Hiroshi Nishiura, Satoshi Kutsuna, Kayoko Hayakawa and Norio Ohmagari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1203

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  26. Content type: Research article

    One third of the world population is estimated to be infected with intestinal parasites. The most affected people are children and the poor people living in tropics and subtropics. Polyparasitism (the concurre...

    Authors: Zeleke Mekonnen, Sultan Suleman, Abdissa Biruksew, Tamirat Tefera and Legese Chelkeba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1185

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pertussis is a re-emerging disease worldwide despite its high vaccination coverage. European and Latin-American countries have used different surveillance and vaccination policies against pertussis. We compare...

    Authors: Rubén Solano, Josefa Masa-Calles, Zacarías Garib, Patricia Grullón, Sandy L. Santiago, Altagracia Brache, Ángela Domínguez and Joan A. Caylà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1178

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, local public health departments (LPHD) are required to offer low-threshold access to confidential counselling and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI) for sex workers. We collected dat...

    Authors: Viviane Bremer, Karin Haar, Martyna Gassowski, Osamah Hamouda and Stine Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1175

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in p...

    Authors: R. Vila-Candel, P. Navarro-Illana, E. Navarro-Illana, E. Castro-Sánchez, Kiri Duke, F. J. Soriano-Vidal, J. Tuells and J. Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1173

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Rubella is a common mild rash illness caused by rubella virus. The majority of infections occur in children and young adults. The infection is the cause of a serious birth defect known as Congenital Rubella Sy...

    Authors: Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Kathleen Gallagher, Ayesheshem Ademe, Birke Teshome, Mesfin Tefera, Anjelo Asha, Aklog Afework, Esete Assefa, Yoseph HaileMariam, Yonas HaileGiorgis, Hiwot Ketema, Dejenie Shiferaw, Ayenachew Bekele, Daddi Jima and Amha Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1168

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study...

    Authors: Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang and Bo Tao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1161

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) have become one of high-risk population for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, due to their multiple sex partners and unprotected anal intercourse. Promoting HIV test...

    Authors: Runhua Li, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Hui Wang, Lin He, Tingting Jiang, Dayong Wang, Yan Zhang, Xingliang Zhang and Shichang Xia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1152

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The increase in life expectancy of HIV-infected patients has driven increased costs due to life-long HIV treatment and concurrent age-related comorbidities. This population-based study aimed to investigate the...

    Authors: Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Michele Magoni, Elena Raffetti, Francesco Donato, Carmelo Scarcella, Giuseppe Paraninfo and Francesco Castelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1146

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  34. Content type: Research article

    An effective and efficient notifiable diseases surveillance system (NDSS) is essential for a rapid response to disease outbreaks, and the identification of priority diseases that may cause national, regional o...

    Authors: F. G. Benson, A. Musekiwa, L. Blumberg and L. C. Rispel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1120

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The seroprevalence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection ranges from 30 to 90 % in developed countries. Reliable estimates of HCMV seroprevalence are not available for Pakistan. This study determined the s...

    Authors: Saira Ibrahim, Anwar A. Siddiqui, Amna R. Siddiqui, Waquaruddin Ahmed, Paul A. H. Moss and El-Nasir M. A. Lalani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1112

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Over recent decades, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has emerged as a serious public health threat in the Asia-Pacific region because of its high rates of severe complications. Understanding the difference...

    Authors: Xiong Xiao, Qiaohong Liao, Michael G. Kenward, Yaming Zheng, Jiao Huang, Fei Yin, Hongjie Yu and Xiaosong Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1109

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Early HIV diagnosis and access to treatment is one of the most effective ways to prevent its further spread and to protect the health of those living with the virus. However, delay in diagnosis is the major ri...

    Authors: Abebayehu Bitew Aniley, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke and Assefa Andargie Kassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1076

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In resource-limited settings where laboratory capacity is limited and response strategy is non-specific, delayed or inappropriate intervention against outbreaks of Norovirus (NoV) are common. Here we report in...

    Authors: Tianmu Chen, Haogao Gu, Ross Ka-Kit Leung, Ruchun Liu, Qiuping Chen, Ying Wu and Yaman Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1072

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The spatial interplay between socioeconomic factors and tuberculosis (TB) cases contributes to the understanding of regional tuberculosis burdens. Historically, local Poisson Geographically Weighted Regression...

    Authors: Wang Wei, Jin Yuan-Yuan, Yan Ci, Alayi Ahan and Cao Ming-Qin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1058

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Calls to a telephone health helpline (THHL) have been previously evaluated for the ability to monitor specific syndromes, such as fever and influenza-like-illness or gastrointestinal illness. This method of su...

    Authors: D. McGolrick, P. Belanger, H. Richardson, K. Moore, A. Maier and A. Majury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1017

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacteriosis is a prominent bacterial gastrointestinal infection worldwide with several transmission pathways. Its non-foodborne routes have been less documented and quantified. The study aimed to quanti...

    Authors: André Ravel, Katarina Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt and Frank Pollari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1016

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  42. Content type: Research article

    We recently developed HOUSES, an individual housing-based socioeconomic status (SES) measurement for health disparities research. We assessed whether HOUSES was associated with risk of pertussis and pertussis ...

    Authors: Rachel Hammer, Conrad Capili, Chung-Il Wi, Euijung Ryu, Jennifer Rand-Weaver and Young J. Juhn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1000

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Young women aged 15–24 years are members of key populations at higher risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquisition through sexual intercourse. In areas where unprotected sex is a common practice, He...

    Authors: Wondemagegn Mulu, Yohannes Zenebe, Bayeh Abera, Mulat Yimer and Tadesse Hailu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:996

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Adequate coverage is key to the success of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes. There is currently no organised HPV vaccination programme in Germany. The aim of this analysis was to determine HPV...

    Authors: Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J. Taylor, Jochem König, Matthias Claus, Maria Blettner and Stefanie J. Klug

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:995

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In temperate regions, influenza epidemics occur in the winter and correlate with certain climatological parameters. In African tropical regions, the effects of climatological parameters on influenza epidemics ...

    Authors: A.K. N’gattia, D. Coulibaly, N. Talla Nzussouo, H.A. Kadjo, D. Chérif, Y. Traoré, B.K. Kouakou, P.D. Kouassi, K.D. Ekra, N.S. Dagnan, T. Williams and I. Tiembré

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:972

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Coinfection with malaria and HIV is common in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the advent of a decline in the global incidence of malaria, it is important to generate updated data on the burden of malaria in people livi...

    Authors: Anna Longdoh Njunda, Charles Njumkeng, Shey Dickson Nsagha, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob and Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:964

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