Skip to content


Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 5 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in young children in Bangladesh. We present the epidemiology of pneumonia in Bangladeshi children <5 years before 10-valent pneumococcal con...

    Authors: Shampa Saha, Md Hasan, Lindsay Kim, Jennifer L. Farrar, Belal Hossain, Maksuda Islam, ASM Nawshad Uddin Ahmed, M. Ruhul Amin, Mohammed Hanif, Manzoor Hussain, Shams El-Arifeen, Cynthia G. Whitney and Samir K. Saha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1233

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are both transmitted through percutaneous exposures among people who inject drugs (PWID). Ecological analyses on global epidemiological data have identified a positive associati...

    Authors: Vajiheh Akbarzadeh, Ghina R. Mumtaz, Susanne F. Awad, Helen A. Weiss and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1216

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Correspondence

    In the alarming context of risk of Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission in the Euro-Mediterranean area, there is a need to examine whether capacities to detect, diagnose and notify ZIKV infections in the region are ...

    Authors: Camille Escadafal, Lobna Gaayeb, Flavia Riccardo, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Marie Picard, Maria Grazia Dente, Jovita Fernández-Pinero, Jean-Claude Manuguerra, Miguel-Ángel Jiménez-Clavero, Silvia Declich, Kathleen Victoir and Vincent Robert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1219

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    While the risk of severe complications of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and its determinants have been explored in previous studies, a systematic analysis of published articles with different designs...

    Authors: Ryota Matsuyama, Hiroshi Nishiura, Satoshi Kutsuna, Kayoko Hayakawa and Norio Ohmagari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1203

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    One third of the world population is estimated to be infected with intestinal parasites. The most affected people are children and the poor people living in tropics and subtropics. Polyparasitism (the concurre...

    Authors: Zeleke Mekonnen, Sultan Suleman, Abdissa Biruksew, Tamirat Tefera and Legese Chelkeba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1185

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Pertussis is a re-emerging disease worldwide despite its high vaccination coverage. European and Latin-American countries have used different surveillance and vaccination policies against pertussis. We compare...

    Authors: Rubén Solano, Josefa Masa-Calles, Zacarías Garib, Patricia Grullón, Sandy L. Santiago, Altagracia Brache, Ángela Domínguez and Joan A. Caylà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1178

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in p...

    Authors: R. Vila-Candel, P. Navarro-Illana, E. Navarro-Illana, E. Castro-Sánchez, Kiri Duke, F. J. Soriano-Vidal, J. Tuells and J. Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1173

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, local public health departments (LPHD) are required to offer low-threshold access to confidential counselling and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI) for sex workers. We collected dat...

    Authors: Viviane Bremer, Karin Haar, Martyna Gassowski, Osamah Hamouda and Stine Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1175

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Rubella is a common mild rash illness caused by rubella virus. The majority of infections occur in children and young adults. The infection is the cause of a serious birth defect known as Congenital Rubella Sy...

    Authors: Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Kathleen Gallagher, Ayesheshem Ademe, Birke Teshome, Mesfin Tefera, Anjelo Asha, Aklog Afework, Esete Assefa, Yoseph HaileMariam, Yonas HaileGiorgis, Hiwot Ketema, Dejenie Shiferaw, Ayenachew Bekele, Daddi Jima and Amha Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1168

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study...

    Authors: Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang and Bo Tao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1161

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) have become one of high-risk population for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, due to their multiple sex partners and unprotected anal intercourse. Promoting HIV test...

    Authors: Runhua Li, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Hui Wang, Lin He, Tingting Jiang, Dayong Wang, Yan Zhang, Xingliang Zhang and Shichang Xia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1152

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    The increase in life expectancy of HIV-infected patients has driven increased costs due to life-long HIV treatment and concurrent age-related comorbidities. This population-based study aimed to investigate the...

    Authors: Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Michele Magoni, Elena Raffetti, Francesco Donato, Carmelo Scarcella, Giuseppe Paraninfo and Francesco Castelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1146

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    An effective and efficient notifiable diseases surveillance system (NDSS) is essential for a rapid response to disease outbreaks, and the identification of priority diseases that may cause national, regional o...

    Authors: F. G. Benson, A. Musekiwa, L. Blumberg and L. C. Rispel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1120

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    The seroprevalence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection ranges from 30 to 90 % in developed countries. Reliable estimates of HCMV seroprevalence are not available for Pakistan. This study determined the s...

    Authors: Saira Ibrahim, Anwar A. Siddiqui, Amna R. Siddiqui, Waquaruddin Ahmed, Paul A. H. Moss and El-Nasir M. A. Lalani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1112

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Over recent decades, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has emerged as a serious public health threat in the Asia-Pacific region because of its high rates of severe complications. Understanding the difference...

    Authors: Xiong Xiao, Qiaohong Liao, Michael G. Kenward, Yaming Zheng, Jiao Huang, Fei Yin, Hongjie Yu and Xiaosong Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1109

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    In resource-limited settings where laboratory capacity is limited and response strategy is non-specific, delayed or inappropriate intervention against outbreaks of Norovirus (NoV) are common. Here we report in...

    Authors: Tianmu Chen, Haogao Gu, Ross Ka-Kit Leung, Ruchun Liu, Qiuping Chen, Ying Wu and Yaman Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1072

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Early HIV diagnosis and access to treatment is one of the most effective ways to prevent its further spread and to protect the health of those living with the virus. However, delay in diagnosis is the major ri...

    Authors: Abebayehu Bitew Aniley, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke and Assefa Andargie Kassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1076

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    The spatial interplay between socioeconomic factors and tuberculosis (TB) cases contributes to the understanding of regional tuberculosis burdens. Historically, local Poisson Geographically Weighted Regression...

    Authors: Wang Wei, Jin Yuan-Yuan, Yan Ci, Alayi Ahan and Cao Ming-Qin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1058

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Calls to a telephone health helpline (THHL) have been previously evaluated for the ability to monitor specific syndromes, such as fever and influenza-like-illness or gastrointestinal illness. This method of su...

    Authors: D. McGolrick, P. Belanger, H. Richardson, K. Moore, A. Maier and A. Majury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1017

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacteriosis is a prominent bacterial gastrointestinal infection worldwide with several transmission pathways. Its non-foodborne routes have been less documented and quantified. The study aimed to quanti...

    Authors: André Ravel, Katarina Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt and Frank Pollari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1016

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    We recently developed HOUSES, an individual housing-based socioeconomic status (SES) measurement for health disparities research. We assessed whether HOUSES was associated with risk of pertussis and pertussis ...

    Authors: Rachel Hammer, Conrad Capili, Chung-Il Wi, Euijung Ryu, Jennifer Rand-Weaver and Young J. Juhn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1000

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Young women aged 15–24 years are members of key populations at higher risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquisition through sexual intercourse. In areas where unprotected sex is a common practice, He...

    Authors: Wondemagegn Mulu, Yohannes Zenebe, Bayeh Abera, Mulat Yimer and Tadesse Hailu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:996

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Adequate coverage is key to the success of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes. There is currently no organised HPV vaccination programme in Germany. The aim of this analysis was to determine HPV...

    Authors: Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J. Taylor, Jochem König, Matthias Claus, Maria Blettner and Stefanie J. Klug

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:995

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Control of sexually transmitted infections (STI) is a global public health priority. Despite the UK’s free, confidential sexual health clinical services, those at greatest risk of STIs, including young people,...

    Authors: Catherine R. H. Aicken, Sebastian S. Fuller, Lorna J. Sutcliffe, Claudia S. Estcourt, Voula Gkatzidou, Pippa Oakeshott, Kate Hone, S. Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg and Maryam Shahmanesh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:974

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    In temperate regions, influenza epidemics occur in the winter and correlate with certain climatological parameters. In African tropical regions, the effects of climatological parameters on influenza epidemics ...

    Authors: A.K. N’gattia, D. Coulibaly, N. Talla Nzussouo, H.A. Kadjo, D. Chérif, Y. Traoré, B.K. Kouakou, P.D. Kouassi, K.D. Ekra, N.S. Dagnan, T. Williams and I. Tiembré

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:972

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Coinfection with malaria and HIV is common in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the advent of a decline in the global incidence of malaria, it is important to generate updated data on the burden of malaria in people livi...

    Authors: Anna Longdoh Njunda, Charles Njumkeng, Shey Dickson Nsagha, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob and Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:964

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Depression and alcohol use disorder have been shown to be associated with poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Studies examining their association with viral suppression in rural Africa are, however...

    Authors: Bernard Cerutti, Barbara Broers, Motlomelo Masetsibi, Olatunbosun Faturiyele, Likabelo Toti-Mokoteli, Mokete Motlatsi, Joelle Bader, Thomas Klimkait and Niklaus D Labhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:947

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) due to sharing injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. To generate seroprevalence data on HIV a...

    Authors: Benjamin Wenz, Stine Nielsen, Martyna Gassowski, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Wei Cai, R. Stefan Ross, Claus-Thomas Bock, Boris-Alexander Ratsch, Claudia Kücherer, Norbert Bannert, Viviane Bremer, Osamah Hamouda, Ulrich Marcus and Ruth Zimmermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:927

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Under the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS) in Singapore most vaccines are provided free while some, including pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV), added to the NCIS in October 2009, are not fr...

    Authors: Choon How How, Priscilla Phua See Chun, Fakrudeen Shafi and Rupert W. Jakes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:923

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in many developing countries. Exploratory spatial analysis is a powerful instrument in spatial health research by virtue of its capacity to map disease d...

    Authors: Mirna de Abreu e Silva, Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira Neto and Paulo Augusto Camargos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:912

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    In order to evaluate the newly implemented gender-neutral HPV vaccination program, knowledge on the pre-vaccine prevalence of HPV infection is of paramount importance. Data on HPV infection among the women wit...

    Authors: Wegene Borena, Margarethe Grünberger, Andreas Widschwendter, Karl Heinz Kraxner, Elisabeth Marth, Peter Mayr, Joerg Meier, Norman Ruth, Aida Tort Guerrero, Christian Marth and Dorothee Holm-von Laer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:889

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Interferon-gamma release assays may be used as an alternative to the tuberculin skin test for detection of M. tuberculosis infection. However, the risk of active tuberculosis disease following screening using int...

    Authors: Robert J. Blount, Minh-Chi Tran, Charles K. Everett, Adithya Cattamanchi, John Z. Metcalfe, Denise Connor, Cecily R. Miller, Jennifer Grinsdale, Julie Higashi and Payam Nahid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:875

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Nigeria has the second highest estimated number of deaths due to acute respiratory infection (ARI) among children under five in the world. A common hypothesis is that the inequitable distribution of socioecono...

    Authors: Oluwafunmilade A. Adesanya and Chi Chiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:880

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    We aimed at evaluating frequency and factors associated with late presentation and advanced HIV disease and excess risk of death due to these conditions from 1985 to 2013 among naïve HIV infected patients enro...

    Authors: Elena Raffetti, Maria Concetta Postorino, Francesco Castelli, Salvatore Casari, Filippo Castelnuovo, Franco Maggiolo, Elisa Di Filippo, Alessandro D’Avino, Andrea Gori, Nicoletta Ladisa, Massimo Di Pietro, Laura Sighinolfi, Fabio Zacchi and Carlo Torti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:878

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Despite recommendations that 11–12-year-olds receive the full three-shot Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series, national HPV immunization coverage rates remain low. Disparities exist, with Blacks and Latin...

    Authors: Ingrid T. Katz, Laura M. Bogart, Chong Min Fu, Yingna Liu, Joanne E. Cox, Ronald C. Samuels, Tami Chase, Pamela Schubert and Mark A. Schuster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:874

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    The spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus among poultry and humans has raised global concerns and has motivated government and public health organizations to initiate interventions ...

    Authors: Nadia Ali Rimi, Rebeca Sultana, Kazi Ishtiak-Ahmed, Md Zahidur Rahman, Marufa Hasin, M. Saiful Islam, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Nazmun Nahar, Emily S. Gurley and Stephen P. Luby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:858

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    The HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Peru (12.4 %) is 30 times higher than in the general adult population (0.4 %). It is critical for community-based organizations to understand how to ...

    Authors: R. Colby Passaro, Connie A. Haley, Hugo Sanchez, Sten H. Vermund and Aaron M. Kipp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:871

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) regarding HIV/AIDS is one of the corner stones in the fight against the disease. Youths are most vulnerable to infection because they engage in risky practices due to ...

    Authors: Colins Kingoum Nubed and Jane-Francis Tatah Kihla Akoachere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:847

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a debilitating zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals. A comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of literature and officially available data on animal and human brucellosis for Kenya are...

    Authors: J. Njeru, G. Wareth, F. Melzer, K. Henning, M. W. Pletz, R. Heller and H. Neubauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:853

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Due to recent emergence, dengue is becoming one of the major public health problems in Nepal. The numbers of reported dengue cases in general and the area with reported dengue cases are both continuously incre...

    Authors: Bipin Kumar Acharya, ChunXiang Cao, Tobia Lakes, Wei Chen and Shahid Naeem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:849

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Malaria case management remains a vital component of malaria control strategies. Despite the introduction of national malaria treatment guidelines and scale-up of malaria control interventions in Nigeria, anec...

    Authors: Oluyomi F. Bamiselu, IkeOluwapo Ajayi, Olufunmilayo Fawole, David Dairo, Olufemi Ajumobi, Abisola Oladimeji and Yoon Steven

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:828

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    When contracted in pregnancy, rubella may cause serious chronic infection of the fetus and development of Congenital Rubella Syndrome. Despite widespread application of rubella vaccination, periodical outbreak...

    Authors: Iris Pejcic, Milica Rankovic Janevski, Aleksandra Knezevic, Djordje Jevtovic and Maja Stanojevic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:838

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Each year an estimated 390 million dengue infections occur worldwide. In Malaysia, dengue is a growing public health concern but estimate of its disease burden remains uncertain. We compared the urban-rural di...

    Authors: Cheng Hoon Chew, Yuan Liang Woon, Faridah Amin, Tassha H. Adnan, Asmah Hani Abdul Wahab, Zul Edzhar Ahmad, Mohd Adam Bujang, Abdul Muneer Abdul Hamid, Rahman Jamal, Wei Seng Chen, Chee Peng Hor, Lena Yeap, Ling Ping Hoo, Pik Pin Goh and Teck Onn Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:824

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Vaccination is the most effective intervention strategy, and the provision of vaccination at fixed posts and outreach posts is a backbone of a sustainable vaccination system in developing countries. Access to ...

    Authors: Walter Ebile Akoh, Jérôme Ateudjieu, Julienne Stephanie Nouetchognou, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Fabrice Djouma Nembot, Sonia Nafack Sonkeng, Micheal Saah Fopa and Pierre Watcho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:801

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    We sought to understand the multilevel syndemic factors that are concurrently contributing to the HIV epidemic among women living in the US. We specifically examined community, network, dyadic, and individual ...

    Authors: Paula M. Frew, Kimberly Parker, Linda Vo, Danielle Haley, Ann O’Leary, Dazon Dixon Diallo, Carol E. Golin, Irene Kuo, Lydia Soto-Torres, Jing Wang, Adaora A. Adimora, Laura A. Randall, Carlos del Rio and Sally Hodder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:803

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV among teenagers in Zambia and determine whether age, sex, setting, educational level, marital and socioeconomic status were associated with bein...

    Authors: Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Eveline Klinkenberg, Nicole Maddox, William Ngosa and Nathan Kapata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:789

    Published on: