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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 4 of 17

  1. Acute gastroenteritis is a substantial cause of hospitalization in children. Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Giardia and Cryptosporidium are gastrointestina...

    Authors: Emma Jeffs, Jonathan Williman, Natalie Martin, Cheryl Brunton and Tony Walls

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many men who have sex with men (MSM) are at significant risk for HIV infection. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among MSM in Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Ashley Grosso, Sara Goodman, Benoît Cesaire Samadoulougou, Grissoum Tarnagda, Adama Baguiya, Simon Tiendrebeogo, Marcel Lougue, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traore, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:5

    Content type: Research article

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  3. One of the major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLH) is the compromised quality of life due to the negative impact of HIV on their health. HIV/AIDS control effort should go beyond laboratory and l...

    Authors: Yongkang Xiao, Chunqing Lin, Li Li and Guoping Ji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:4

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Surveillance for adverse events following immunization is an important component of any national immunization programme because it is critical to assessing the safety of vaccines and to detecting potentially r...

    Authors: Stefania Spila Alegiani, Valeria Alfonsi, Eva Charlotte Appelgren, Lorenza Ferrara, Tolinda Gallo, Cristiano Alicino, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Silvia Aquilani, Antonietta Spadea, Silvio Tafuri and Caterina Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1401

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Incarceration can increase HIV risk behaviors for individuals involved with the criminal justice system and may be a driver of HIV acquisition...

    Authors: Joëlla W. Adams, Mark N. Lurie, Maximilian R. F. King, Kathleen A. Brady, Sandro Galea, Samuel R. Friedman, Maria R. Khan and Brandon D. L. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1387

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tuberculosis (TB) patients crossing borders pose a serious challenge to global TB control efforts. The objectives of our study were firstly, to evaluate the trend and size of foreign-born pulmonary TB patients...

    Authors: Lisa Kawatsu, Akihiro Ohkado, Kazuhiro Uchimura and Kiyohiko Izumi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1355

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hand hygiene is a simple and low-cost measure to reduce healthcare associated infection yet it has always been a concern in low as well as high resource settings across the globe. Poor hand hygiene during intr...

    Authors: Mukta Tyagi, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg, Swecha Chamarty and Samiksha Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1299

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Spatial analysis has been vital in mapping the spread of diseases and assisting in policy making. Targeting diarrhea transmission hotspots is one of the potential strategies for reducing diarrhea cases. This s...

    Authors: Nilima, Asha Kamath, Karthik Shetty, B. Unnikrishnan, Siddharth Kaushik and Shesh N. Rai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1288

    Content type: Research article

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  9. We sought to identify if socioeconomic and demographic factors play a role in resident knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika in order to inform effective management procedur...

    Authors: A. Whiteman, A. Mejia, I. Hernandez and J. R. Loaiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1261

    Content type: Research article

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  10. HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of anal cancer; in the majority of cases this is linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Anal cancer screening is not routinely offered in Zimbabwe.

    Authors: Simbarashe Chinyowa, Joel M. Palefsky, Zvavahera M. Chirenje, Rudo Makunike-Mutasa, Marshall Munjoma and Godfrey I. Muguti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1260

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In 2010, Rwanda adopted ART for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV from pregnant women living with HIV during pregnancy and breasfeeding period. This study examines rates of mother-to-child-tran...

    Authors: Placidie Mugwaneza, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Aline Umubyeyi, James Humuza, Landry Tsague, Fabian Mwanyumba, Vincent Mutabazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Ange Irakoze, Emmanuel Mutaganzwa, Carl Lombard and Debra Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1248

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Strongyloidiasis is prevalent in northeast Thailand. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the Health Education and Preventive Equipment Package (HEPEP), a package we developed to improve awareness and ai...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Oranuch Sanpool, Rutchanee Rodpai, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Wanida Kanarkard, Wanchai Maleewong, Ratthaphol Kraiklang and Pewpan M Intapan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1184

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Geosocial networking smartphone applications (apps) are popular tools for seeking sexual partners among men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated app use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) ...

    Authors: Haidong Wang, Lu Zhang, Ying Zhou, Keke Wang, Xiaoya Zhang, Jianhui Wu and Guoli Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1178

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Social norms and self-efficacy play important roles in promoting consistent condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM). Few studies have investigated the association between social norms, self-efficacy a...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Joseph D. Tucker, Chuncheng Liu, Heping Zheng, Weiming Tang and Li Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1175

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This cross-sectional study was retrospectively performed to assess the trend of tuberculosis (TB) among Taiwan’s immigrant workers from highly TB-endemic countries under an intervention of conducting a 4-round...

    Authors: Mei-Mei Kuan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1151

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In South Africa, young women are at disproportionate risk of HIV infection with about 2363 new infections per week in 2015. Proper condom use is one of the most effective HIV/AIDS prevention strategies among s...

    Authors: Thobani Ntshiqa, Alfred Musekiwa, Mandla Mlotshwa, Kerry Mangold, Carl Reddy and Seymour Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1137

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Data on the pathogens responsible for nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI) and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Hubei province are limited. This study was conducted to determine the major pathogens ca...

    Authors: Lei Tian, Ziyong Sun and Zhen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1121

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most common type of infections worldwide and are widely distributed in tropical areas. In rural areas of southern Thailand where most land is used for a...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Suchirat Bunratsami, Kanjana Thongtup, Parnpen Viriyavejakul, Sarawoot Palipoch, Phanit Koomhin and Somchok Nongnaul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1118

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) represents TB which is simultaneous resistant to at least rifampicin (R) and isoniazid (H). Identifying inadequate therapy as the main cause of this form of the dise...

    Authors: Maja Stosic, Dejana Vukovic, Dragan Babic, Gordana Antonijevic, Kristie L. Foley, Isidora Vujcic and Sandra Sipetic Grujicic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1114

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pneumonia is responsible for high morbidity and mortality amongst children under five year of age. India accounts for one-third of the total WHO South East Asia burden of under-five mortality. There is a pauci...

    Authors: Jayashree Gothankar, Prakash Doke, Girish Dhumale, Prasad Pore, Sanjay Lalwani, Sanjay Quraishi, Sujata Murarkar, Reshma Patil, Vivek Waghachavare, Randhir Dhobale, Kirti Rasote, Sonali Palkar and Nandini Malshe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1111

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Despite great progress made in methods to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), delivery and uptake of these measures remains a challenge in many countries. Although the Brazilian Ministry of Hea...

    Authors: Kathryn Lynn Lovero, Thais Raquelly Dourado de Oliveira, Estela Magalhães Cosme, Natália Beatriz Cabrera, Mariana Fernandes Guimarães, Juliana Gregório de Avelar, Giovanna Rodrigues Teixeira de Oliveira, Camila de Morais Salviato, Guillermo Douglass-Jaimes, Maria Leticia Santos Cruz, Esaú Custódio João, Ana Cláudia Mamede Wiering de Barros, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Ivete Martins Gomes, Lee Woodland Riley and Claudete Aparecida Araújo Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1110

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Viral hepatitis, mainly hepatitis B and C, is a serious public health problem worldwide. In China, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains high, while that of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infect...

    Authors: Shishen Wang, Yuhui Tao, Yuchun Tao, Jing Jiang, Li Yan, Chong Wang, Yaxuan Ding, Jianxing Yu, Dinghui Zhao, Xiumei Chi, Xiaomei Wang, Ruihong Wu, Xiuzhu Gao, Ying Shi, Yazhe Guan, Yingchun Li…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1088

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Intestinal parasitic infections (IPI) lead to significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric and adult populations worldwide. Intestinal parasitism during pregnancy is of interest as it may affect the health...

    Authors: Angela Fernanda Espinosa Aranzales, Katja Radon, Guenter Froeschl, Ángela María Pinzón Rondón and Maria Delius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1071

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Many infectious diseases of public health importance display annual seasonal patterns in their incidence. We aimed to systematically document the seasonality of several human infectious disease pathogens in En...

    Authors: Mark P. C. Cherrie, Gordon Nichols, Gianni Lo Iacono, Christophe Sarran, Shakoor Hajat and Lora E. Fleming

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1067

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mandatory notification of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections was introduced for laboratories in Germany in 2009. The aims were to support local health authorities (LHAs) in the...

    Authors: Viktoria Schönfeld, M. Diercke, A. Gilsdorf, T. Eckmanns and J. Walter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Listeria monocytogenes as the main causative agent of human listeriosis is an intracellular bacterium that has the capability to infect a wide range of cell types. Human listeriosis is a sporadic foodborne diseas...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar and Mehrdad Halaji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1057

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The synanthropic house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), is a mechanical vector of pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites), some of which cause serious diseases in humans and domestic animals....

    Authors: Faham Khamesipour, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Behnam Honarvar and Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1049

    Content type: Review article

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  28. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis among women worldwide and is associated with increased susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. We aimed to determ...

    Authors: Jennifer P. Jain, Claire C. Bristow, Heather A. Pines, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Thomas L. Patterson and Steffanie A. Strathdee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1032

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Yellow fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever, endemic in the tropical forests of Africa and Central and South America. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes infected with the yellow fever virus (YFV). Eth...

    Authors: Mesfin Mengesha Tsegaye, Berhane Beyene, Workenesh Ayele, Almaz Abebe, Israel Tareke, Amadou Sall, Sergio Yactayo, Messeret E. Shibeshi, Erin Staples, Desalegn Belay, Abrham Lilay, Abebe Alemu, Emana Alemu, Adugna Kume, Alemnesh H/Mariam, Olivier Ronveaux…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1011

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To assess the potential acceptability and inform the development of behaviorally-congruent vaginal douche- or gel-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products, we examined vaginal washing and lubrication...

    Authors: Heather A. Pines, Shirley J. Semple, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Craig W. Hendrix, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Pamina M. Gorbach, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Gustavo Martinez and Thomas L. Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1009

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a global public health concern. Due to the presence of multiple risk factors such as poor housing conditions and food insecurity in Canadian Indigenous communities, this popul...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Anne McCarthy and Yoko Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:979

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Inadequate immunization coverage remains a public health problem in Africa. In Togo, only 62% of children under one year of age were fully immunized in 2013. This study aimed to estimate the immunization cover...

    Authors: Didier K. Ekouevi, Fifonsi A. Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Issifou Yaya, Wendpouiré I. Zida-Compaore, Amevegbé Boko, Essèboe Sewu, Anani Lacle, Nicolas Ndibu, Yaovi Toke and Dadja E. Landoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:952

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Parasitic worms (helminths) are common infections in low- and middle-income countries. For most helminth species, school-aged children are at highest risk of infection and morbidity, such as impaired cognitive...

    Authors: Marta S. Palmeirim, Mamadou Ouattara, Clémence Essé, Véronique A. Koffi, Rufin K. Assaré, Eveline Hürlimann, Jean T. Coulibaly, Nana R. Diakité, Kouassi Dongo, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Giovanna Raso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:951

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Epidemiologic measures of the dengue burden such as prevalence and incidence are important for policy-making and monitoring the progress of disease control. It is a common practice where epidemiologic and econ...

    Authors: Yuan Liang Woon, Chee Peng Hor, Keng Yee Lee, Siti Fatimah Zahra Mohd Anuar, Rose Nani Mudin, Mohd Khadzir Sheikh Ahmad, Suhaya Komari, Faridah Amin, Rahman Jamal, Wei Seng Chen, Pik Pin Goh, Lena Yeap, Zhuo Ren Lim and Teck Onn Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:946

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Males are more susceptible than females to infections due to the differences in endocrine-immune interactions. Furthermore, it is reported that lowering cell cholesterol impairs viral replication and infection...

    Authors: Melaku Adal, Rawleigh Howe, Desta Kassa, Abraham Aseffa and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:943

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Two important helminths, Strongyloides stercoralis (an intestinal roundworm) and Opisthorchis viverrini (a liver fluke), are endemic in northeast Thailand. There have been national campaigns in place aimed at the...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Oranuch Sanpool, Rutchanee Rodpai, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Wanida Kanarkard, Wanchai Maleewong, Ratthaphol Kraiklang and Pewpan M. Intapan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:940

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Delayed treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases increases the risk of death and rate of infection in the community. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is essential for effective TB control. The aim of th...

    Authors: Abdurahaman Seid and Yeshi Metaferia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:931

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Dengue fever, caused by dengue virus (DENV), has become one of the most important mosquito-borne viral diseases with a steady rise in global incidence, including the Sudan. Sporadic cases and frequent acute fe...

    Authors: Mawahib H. Eldigail, Gamal K. Adam, Rabie A. Babiker, Fatima Khalid, Ibrahim A. Adam, Osama H. Omer, Mohamed E. Ahmed, Sara L. Birair, Eltahir M. Haroun, Hassan AbuAisha, Abdelrahim E. Karrar, Hamid S. Abdalla and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:921

    Content type: Research article

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  39. ROTAVAC, an indigenous rotavirus vaccine, was introduced in the universal immunization program of India in four states in 2016 and expanded to five more states in 2017. The clinical trial on efficacy of ROTAVA...

    Authors: Samarasimha Reddy, Nayana P. Nair, Sidhartha Giri, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Jacqueline E. Tate, Umesh D. Parashar, Mohan D. Gupte, Rashmi Arora and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:898

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Access to long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) has increased and malaria has decreased globally, but malaria transmission remains high in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and insecticide resistance threatens curr...

    Authors: Eleanore D. Sternberg, Jackie Cook, Ludovic P. Ahoua Alou, Carine J. Aoura, Serge Brice Assi, Dimi Théodore Doudou, A. Alphonsine Koffi, Raphael N’Guessan, Welbeck A. Oumbouke, Rachel A. Smith, Eve Worrall, Immo Kleinschmidt and Matthew B. Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:894

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Opportunistic diseases cause morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons. There is dearth of evidence on the magnitude and predictors of opportunistic diseases among PLHIV...

    Authors: Teklu Weldegebreal, Ismael Ahmed, Abiyou Muhiye, Shoandagne Belete, Alemayehu Bekele and Mirgissa Kaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:820

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, which aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) mortality by 95% by 2035, Brazil has made a commitment to this, however, one challenge is achieving th...

    Authors: Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Aylana de Sousa Belchior, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Josilene Dália Alves, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Mellina Yamamura, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Reinaldo Antonio Silva-Sobrinho, Oscar Kenji Nihei and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:795

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Influenza remains a significant burden on health systems. Effective responses rely on the timely understanding of the magnitude and the evolution of an outbreak. For monitoring purposes, data on severe cases o...

    Authors: Alice Corbella, Xu-Sheng Zhang, Paul J. Birrell, Nicki Boddington, Richard G. Pebody, Anne M. Presanis and Daniela De Angelis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:790

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Meningitis, a disease of the Central Nervous System is described as inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It is characterised by fever, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff ...

    Authors: Timothy Letsa, Charles Lwanga Noora, George Khumalo Kuma, Ernest Asiedu, Gideon Kye-Duodu, Edwin Afari, Osei Afreh Kuffour, Joseph Opare, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Donne Kofi Ameme, Emmanuel G. Bachan, Kofi Issah, Franklin Aseidu-Bekoe, Moses Aikins and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:781

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Globally the access to HIV testing has greatly increased over the past 30 years. Nonetheless, a high proportion of people living with HIV remains undiagnosed, even in resource rich countries. To increase the p...

    Authors: Paola Scognamiglio, Giacomina Chiaradia, Marta Giovanetti, Emidio Albertini, Antonella Camposeragna, Massimo Farinella, Daniela Lorenzetti, Massimo Oldrini, Laura Rancilio, Anna Caraglia, Francesco Paolo Maraglino, Giuseppe Ippolito and Enrico Girardi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:748

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Dengue is becoming more common in Pakistan with its alarming spreading rate. A historical review needs to be carried out to find the root causes of dengue dynamics, the factors responsible for its spread and l...

    Authors: Jehangir Khan, Inamullah Khan, Abdul Ghaffar and Bushra Khalid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:745

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Despite progress towards increasing global vaccination coverage, measles continues to be one of the leading, preventable causes of death among children worldwide. Whether and how to target sub-national areas f...

    Authors: Avery Kundrick, Zhuojie Huang, Spencer Carran, Matthew Kagoli, Rebecca Freeman Grais, Northan Hurtado and Matthew Ferrari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:741

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. Insufficient TB knowledge may increase the risk of contracting the disease among medical students. The purpose of this study was to as...

    Authors: Yangjiang Ou, Zhenzhou Luo, Jinsong Mou, Hui Ming, Xiang Wang, Shipeng Yan and Aichun Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:730

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya are vector borne diseases with shared endemic profiles and symptoms. Coinfections with any of these diseases could have fatal outcomes if left undiagnosed. Understanding the pre...

    Authors: Nasir Salam, Shoeb Mustafa, Abdul Hafiz, Anis Ahmad Chaudhary, Farah Deeba and Shama Parveen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:710

    Content type: Research article

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