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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 4 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    In Japan, an estimated 400,000 people have the hepatitis B virus (HBV), many of whom were infected as a result of group vaccinations. People with HBV face many challenges, including disease progression, employ...

    Authors: Taeko Oka, Hiroaki Enoki, Yukari Tokimoto, Teruaki Kawanishi, Meguru Minami, Takahiro Okuizumi and Kiyohiko Katahira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:568

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  2. Content type: Research article

    China Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) developed the China Infectious Disease Automated Alert and Response System (CIDARS) in 2005. The CIDARS was used to strengthen infectious disease surveill...

    Authors: Ruiping Wang, Yonggen Jiang, Engelgau Michael and Genming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:570

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections remain prevalent and constitute a public health problem in certain rural areas of Thailand. Village health volunteers (VHVs), who are members of a Thai healthcare alliance, func...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Suchirat Bunratsami, Kanjana Thongtup, Niramon Siripakonuaong and Somchok Nongnaul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:564

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The recent Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic that hit some countries in West Africa underscores the need to train front line high-risk health workers on disease prevention skills. Although Ghana did not recor...

    Authors: Augustina Angelina Annan, Denis Dekugmen Yar, Michael Owusu, Eno Akua Biney, Paa Kobina Forson, Portia Boakye Okyere, Akosua Adumea Gyimah and Ellis Owusu-Dabo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:546

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  5. Content type: Research article

    International organs such as, the African Union and the South African Government view maternal health as a dominant health prerogative. Even though most countries are making progress, maternal mortality in Sou...

    Authors: B. Tlou, B. Sartorius and F. Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:543

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of TB in Michigan was 1.5 per 100,000 people in 2012, roughly half the U.S. incidence. Despite successes in TB control, disparities in TB still exist in Michigan, particularly by race, age, and n...

    Authors: Grace A. Noppert, Mark L. Wilson, Philippa Clarke, Wen Ye, Peter Davidson and Zhenhua Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:538

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We describe the epidemiology of pertussis in Alberta, Canada by person, place, and time between 2004 and 2015, identify outbreak years, and examine vaccination coverage and vaccination timeliness.

    Authors: Xianfang C. Liu, Christopher A. Bell, Kimberley A. Simmonds, Lawrence W. Svenson, Sumana Fathima, Steven J. Drews, Donald P. Schopflocher and Margaret L. Russell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:539

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem, despite recent achievements in reducing incidence and mortality rates. In Brazil, these achievements were above the worldwide average, but marked by large reg...

    Authors: Guy Harling, Antonio S. Lima Neto, Geziel S. Sousa, Marcia M. T. Machado and Marcia C. Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:508

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have highlighted a range of individual determinants associated with HIV testing but few have assessed the role of contextual factors. The objective of this paper is to examine the influence of...

    Authors: Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Kévin Jean and Mathieu Maheu-Giroux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:486

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) continues to expand globally. The addition of an efficacious, prophylactic vaccine to combination prevention offers immense hope, particularly in low- and...

    Authors: Monika Doshi, Lisa Avery, Ronnie P. Kaddu, Mary Gichuhi, Gloria Gakii, Elsabé du Plessis, Sumit Dutta, Shamshad Khan, Joshua Kimani and Robert R. Lorway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:469

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Poultry farmers are at high-risk from avian influenza A/H7N9 infection due to sustained occupational exposures to live poultry. This study examined factors associated with poultry farmers’ adoption of personal...

    Authors: Bin Cui, Qiuyan Liao, Wendy Wing Tak Lam, Zong Ping Liu and Richard Fielding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:463

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa in December 2013 was the largest Ebola outbreak in history. This study aimed to measure the underlying contextual and psychosocial factors of intent...

    Authors: Anna E. Gamma, Jurgita Slekiene, Gregor von Medeazza, Fredrik Asplund, Placido Cardoso and Hans-Joachim Mosler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:446

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Risk assessment and early warning (RAEW) are essential components of any infectious disease surveillance system. In light of the International Health Regulations (IHR)(2005), this study compares the organisati...

    Authors: Willemijn L. Vlieg, Ewout B. Fanoy, Liselotte van Asten, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Yang, Eva Pilot, Paul Bijkerk, Wim van der Hoek, Thomas Krafft, Marianne A. van der Sande and Qi-Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:415

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Since March 2014, the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa disrupted health care systems - especially in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – with a consequential stress on the area’s routine immuni...

    Authors: Xiaojin Sun, T. T. Samba, Jianyi Yao, Wenwu Yin, Lin Xiao, Fuqiang Liu, Xiaoqiang Liu, Jikun Zhou, Zengqiang Kou, Hongwei Fan, Hao Zhang, Aqnes Williams, Paul M. Lansana and Zundong Yin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:363

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori infection affects more than half of the world’s population. It is generally acquired during childhood with no symptoms but has long- term clinical sequelae. This study estimated the prevale...

    Authors: Yaw Asante Awuku, David Larbi Simpong, Ishmael Kunateh Alhassan, Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Taiba Afaa and Patrick Adu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:360

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In the winter and spring of 2011 a large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in Skellefteå municipality, Sweden. This study summarizes the outbreak investigation in terms of outbreak size, duration, clinica...

    Authors: Pär Bjelkmar, Anette Hansen, Caroline Schönning, Jakob Bergström, Margareta Löfdahl, Marianne Lebbad, Anders Wallensten, Görel Allestam, Stephan Stenmark and Johan Lindh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:328

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Over recent decades, the Region of the Americas has made significant progress towards hepatitis B elimination. We summarize the countries/territories’ efforts in introducing and implementing hepatitis B (HB) v...

    Authors: Alba Maria Ropero Álvarez, Silvia Pérez-Vilar, Carmelita Pacis-Tirso, Marcela Contreras, Nathalie El Omeiri, Cuauhtémoc Ruiz-Matus and Martha Velandia-González

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:325

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Due to the arrival of multi-valent HPV vaccines, it is more and more important to have a better understanding of the relationship between vaccination and screening programmes. This review aimed to: (1) collect...

    Authors: Frédéric Gervais, Kyle Dunton, Yiling Jiang and Nathalie Largeron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:283

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In French Guiana, cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer in females. The objective of the present study was to describe the prevalence of HPV infections in women with normal cervical cytology livin...

    Authors: Antoine Adenis, Valentin Dufit, Maylis Douine, Fatiha Najioullah, Vincent Molinie, Dominique Catherine, Odile Kilié, Nadia Thomas, Jean Luc Deshayes, Paul Brousse, Hatem Ben Amor, Remy Pignoux, Gabriel Carles, Claire Grenier, Vincent Lacoste, Raymond Cesaire…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:279

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Estimates of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) burden must be periodically updated to inform public health strategies. We estimated seasonal influenza- and RSV-attributable hospitalizations in th...

    Authors: Gonçalo Matias, Robert Taylor, François Haguinet, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, Roger Lustig and Vivek Shinde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:271

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases among children and adults, and continues to cause a major problem of public health in Burkina Faso. The temporal pattern of rotavirus, norovirus, sapovi...

    Authors: Nafissatou Ouedraogo, Stephanie Moustapha Tomba Ngangas, Isidore Juste Ouindguèta Bonkoungou, Aissatou Bénéwendé Tiendrebeogo, Kuan Abdoulaye Traore, Idrissa Sanou, Alfred Sababénédjo Traore and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:274

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Evidence exists pointing out how non-adherence to treatment remains a major hurdle to efficient tuberculosis control in developing countries. Many tuberculosis (Tb) patients do not complete their six-month cou...

    Authors: Tadele Teshome Woimo, Wondwossen Kassahun Yimer, Temesgen Bati and Hailay Abrha Gesesew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:269

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Malaria is a serious health concern in Africa. In Cameroon, an endemic country where malaria remains a major public health problem, several control measures have been put in place among which the use of insect...

    Authors: Eric B. Fokam, Germaine F. Kindzeka, Leonard Ngimuh, Kevin T. J. Dzi and Samuel Wanji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:263

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although fishing communities have a significantly higher HIV prevalence than the general population, there is paucity of data on the burden of HIV and service utilization, particularly among the youth. We asse...

    Authors: Richardson Mafigiri, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, Anthony Ndyanabo, Doreen Nabukalu, Moses Sakor, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:251

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cambodia is one of the 22 countries with the highest TB burden. While childhood TB is estimated to make up 10–20% of total TB cases in high-burden settings, this proportion ranges from 1.3 to 39.4% throughout ...

    Authors: Julia B. Frieze, Rajendra-Prasad Yadav, Khann Sokhan, Song Ngak and Team Bak Khim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:232

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  26. Content type: Research article

    We planned to determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients.

    Authors: Jing Cai, Aiguo Ma, Qiuzhen Wang, Xiuxia Han, Shanliang Zhao, Yu Wang, Evert G. Schouten and Frans J. Kok

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:228

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  27. Content type: Research article

    During the last ten years, a resurgence of syphilis has occurred in many countries worldwide, including Togo. Previous studies have shown a wide range of syphilis infection among the female sex workers (FSWs),...

    Authors: Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Bayaki Saka, Koffi Akolly, Yao Layibo, Issifou Yaya, Dodji Gbetoglo, Abiba Kere Banla and Palokinam Pitché

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:219

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Contact with animals and their environment has long been recognized as an important source of enteric zoonoses. However, there are limited data available on the burden of illness associated with specific types...

    Authors: Yvonne Whitfield, Karen Johnson, Leigh Hobbs, Dean Middleton, Badal Dhar and Linda Vrbova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:217

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  29. Content type: Research article

    There is paucity of data on quality of life as a dimension of treatment outcome among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected patients. This study sought to explore perceived quality of life among Visceral L...

    Authors: Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin and Abebaw Gebayehu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:204

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Despite widespread implementation of syndromic surveillance systems within public health agencies, previous studies of the implementation and use of these systems have indicated that the functions and response...

    Authors: Laura A. Rivera, Ye Li, Rachel D. Savage, Natasha S. Crowcroft, Shelly Bolotin, Laura C. Rosella, Wendy Lou, Jessica Hopkins, Ian Gemmill and Ian Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:199

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Although preventable, tetanus still claims tens of thousands of deaths each year. The patterns and distribution of mortality from tetanus have not been well characterized. We identified the global, regional, a...

    Authors: Hmwe H. Kyu, John Everett Mumford, Jeffrey D. Stanaway, Ryan M. Barber, Jamie R. Hancock, Theo Vos, Christopher J. L. Murray and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:179

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a min...

    Authors: Kimberly Page, Michelle Yu, Jennifer Cohen, Jennifer Evans, Martha Shumway and Elise D. Riley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:171

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan ...

    Authors: Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu and Xinqiao Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:168

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Despite the undisputed public health benefits of routine vaccination, adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) remain a concern. As most adverse events are mild, they may be under-reported; this may underl...

    Authors: Jana Danova, Aneta Kocourkova and Alexander M. Celko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:167

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Early diagnosis of syphilis and timely treatment can effectively reduce ongoing syphilis transmission and morbidity. We examined the factors associated with the early diagnosis of syphilis to inform syphilis s...

    Authors: Ngai Sze Wong, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Lei Chen, Peizhen Zhao, Joseph D. Tucker, Li Gang Yang, Beng Tin Goh and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:135

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There is an increasing trend toward international migration worldwide. With it comes a challenge for public health and public funded health care systems to meet the migrating population’s health needs. Men who...

    Authors: Susanne Strömdahl, Fredrik Liljeros, Anna Ekéus Thorson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson and Birger C. Forsberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:139

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  37. Content type: Research article

    According to the Bangladesh National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP), the proportion of childhood tuberculosis (TB) among all reported cases is only 3%. This is considerably lower compared to other high-bur...

    Authors: Ziaul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:131

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing an epidemiological transition from a predominance of infectious diseases to non-communicable and lifestyle related conditions. However, the pace of this transition and the patt...

    Authors: R. Zoleko Manego, G. Mombo-Ngoma, M. Witte, J. Held, M. Gmeiner, T. Gebru, B. Tazemda, J. Mischlinger, M. Groger, B. Lell, A. A. Adegnika, S. T. Agnandji, P. G. Kremsner, B. Mordmüller, M. Ramharter and P. B. Matsiegui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:130

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite the global decline in death rates of children younger than five years old, the risk of a child dying before turning five years of age remains highest in the WHO African Region. The problem of child dea...

    Authors: Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Kassawmar Andargie and Molalign Tarekegn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:99

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Homeless men are highly vulnerable to acquisition of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) compared to the general population. In Brazil, a country of continental dimensions, the extent of HCV infection in this populati...

    Authors: Priscilla Martins Ferreira, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Christiane Moreira Souza, Lara Cristina da Cunha Guimarães, Cleiciane Vieira de Lima Barros, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano, Giovanni Rezza, Lila Spadoni and Sandra Maria Brunini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:90

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, active tuberculosis (TB) disease rates remain disproportionately higher among the Indigenous population, especially among the Inuit in the north. We used mathematical modeling to evaluate how interv...

    Authors: Ashleigh R. Tuite, Victor Gallant, Elaine Randell, Annie-Claude Bourgeois and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:73

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Malaria remains an important public health concern in China and is particularly serious in Yunnan, a China’s provincial region of high malaria burden with an incidence of 1.79/105 in 2012. This study aims to exam...

    Authors: Dongyang Yang, Chengdong Xu, Jinfeng Wang and Yong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:66

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Since 1990, reduction of tuberculosis (TB) mortality has been lower in South Africa than in other high-burden countries in Africa. This research investigated the influence of routinely captured demographic and...

    Authors: J Christo Heunis, N Gladys Kigozi, Perpetual Chikobvu, Sonja Botha and HCJ Dingie van Rensburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:38

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. It is also well established that HPV viruses are responsible for a variety of cancers. Little is known about t...

    Authors: Nelia M. Afonso, Maurice J. Kavanagh, Stephanie M. Swanberg, Jeanne M. Schulte, Tracy Wunderlich and Victoria C. Lucia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:35

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases are a significant public health concern, and early detection and immediate response is crucial for disease control. These challenges have led to the need for new ap...

    Authors: Jihye Choi, Youngtae Cho, Eunyoung Shim and Hyekyung Woo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1238

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Since 1900s, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been among the most important health problems in Sudan, particularly in the endemic areas such as eastern and central regions.

    Authors: Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed, Ahmed A. Ahmed, Saeed M. Omar, Gamal K. Adam, Tajeldin M. Abdallah and AbdelAziem A. Ali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1234

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