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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 3 of 16

  1. Content type: Research article

    The development of a safe and effective vaccine is considered crucial for dengue transmission control since vetor control has been failed; some potential candidates are currently in test, and in this context t...

    Authors: Luciana L. Cardim, Suani T. R. Pinho, M. Gloria Teixeira, M. Conceição N. Costa, M. Lourdes Esteva and Claudia P. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:155

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite substantial improvements in accessibility of Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART), death of children on ART remains a prevailing challenge in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. However, the pooled magnitu...

    Authors: Ismael Ahmed and Seblewengel Lemma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:149

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In the last few years, pertussis has re-emerged worldwide. The aim of this article is to study how the incidence of the disease has evolved in Barcelona city over a 16-year period, and determine which factors ...

    Authors: Sílvia Brugueras, Cristina Rius, Joan-Pau Millet, Martí Casals and Joan A. Caylà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:144

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Uganda is one of the few countries in Africa that has been experiencing outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola, Marburg and Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fevers. In 2017 Uganda experienced a Marburg V...

    Authors: Aggrey Siya, William Bazeyo, Doreen Tuhebwe, Gabriel Tumwine, Arnold Ezama, Leonard Manirakiza, Donald R. Kugonza and Innocent B. Rwego

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:136

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, 64% of children living with HIV in Zambia accessed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). Despite expanded ART coverage, there is paucity of information on effectiveness of pediatric ART in reducing mortality....

    Authors: Jane N. Mutanga, Simon Mutembo, Amara E. Ezeamama, Xiao Song, Robert C. Fubisha, Kunda Mutesu-Kapembwa, Derrick Sialondwe, Brenda Simuchembu, Jelita Chinyonga, Philip E. Thuma and Christopher C. Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:115

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was no...

    Authors: Chioma Cindy Dan-Nwafor, Uzoma Ogbonna, Pamela Onyiah, Saheed Gidado, Bashorun Adebobola, Patrick Nguku and Peter Nsubuga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:112

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In 2016, the Government of India introduced the oral rotavirus vaccine (ROTAVAC, Bharat Biotech, India) in 4 states of India as part of the Universal Immunization Programme, and expanded to 5 more states in 20...

    Authors: Sidhartha Giri, Nayana P. Nair, Ann Mathew, B. Manohar, Anna Simon, Tejinder Singh, S. Suresh Kumar, M. A. Mathew, Sudhir Babji, Rashmi Arora, C. P. Girish Kumar, S. Venkatasubramanian, Sanjay Mehendale, Mohan D. Gupte and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:69

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B (HepB) is a major public health concern in Malaysia yet little is known about knowledge and awareness of this infection in the country. Such information is essential for designing effective interve...

    Authors: Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Niazlin Mohd Taib, Subramaniam Munusamy, Samsul Anwar, Abram Luther Wagner, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Ruth Müller, Ulrich Kuch, David Alexander Groneberg, Harapan Harapan and Aye Aye Khin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:47

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence data of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are needed to estimate the budgetary impact of reimbursement of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). In Belgium, the restricted reimbursement criteria a...

    Authors: Amber Litzroth, Vanessa Suin, Chloé Wyndham-Thomas, Sophie Quoilin, Gaëtan Muyldermans, Thomas Vanwolleghem, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Vera Verburgh, Marjorie Jacques, Steven Van Gucht and Veronik Hutse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:39

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are major public health problems in poor and developing countries that require fecal contamination of the environment for transmission. The consumption of raw vegetab...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Kanjana Thongtup, Surasak Nagavirochana and Parnpen Viriyavejakul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:34

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In Togo, the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) among young people aged 15–24 years was estimated at 16.4% in 2010; however, risk factors for HBsAg carriage are poorly documented. We sough...

    Authors: Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Akouda Patassi, Pauline Yanogo, Leou Ismael Banla, Adjaho Koba, Zoulkaneiri Issa, Koffi Akolly, Agballa Mébiny-Esso Tchalla, Hamadi Assane, Aboukerim Naba-Mouchedou, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Nouvura Antara, Kossi Badziklou, Abiba Kere Banla, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi and Idrissa Sanou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:32

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  12. Content type: Research article

    People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). TB is also the leading opportunistic infection contributing to about one-third of deaths in this population. The World Health Organiza...

    Authors: Philip Owiti, Dickens Onyango, Robina Momanyi and Anthony D. Harries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:29

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Acute gastroenteritis is a substantial cause of hospitalization in children. Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Giardia and Cryptosporidium are gastrointestina...

    Authors: Emma Jeffs, Jonathan Williman, Natalie Martin, Cheryl Brunton and Tony Walls

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:18

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Many men who have sex with men (MSM) are at significant risk for HIV infection. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among MSM in Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Ashley Grosso, Sara Goodman, Benoît Cesaire Samadoulougou, Grissoum Tarnagda, Adama Baguiya, Simon Tiendrebeogo, Marcel Lougue, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traore, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:5

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  15. Content type: Research article

    One of the major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLH) is the compromised quality of life due to the negative impact of HIV on their health. HIV/AIDS control effort should go beyond laboratory and l...

    Authors: Yongkang Xiao, Chunqing Lin, Li Li and Guoping Ji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:4

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance for adverse events following immunization is an important component of any national immunization programme because it is critical to assessing the safety of vaccines and to detecting potentially r...

    Authors: Stefania Spila Alegiani, Valeria Alfonsi, Eva Charlotte Appelgren, Lorenza Ferrara, Tolinda Gallo, Cristiano Alicino, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Silvia Aquilani, Antonietta Spadea, Silvio Tafuri and Caterina Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1401

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Incarceration can increase HIV risk behaviors for individuals involved with the criminal justice system and may be a driver of HIV acquisition...

    Authors: Joëlla W. Adams, Mark N. Lurie, Maximilian R. F. King, Kathleen A. Brady, Sandro Galea, Samuel R. Friedman, Maria R. Khan and Brandon D. L. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1387

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) patients crossing borders pose a serious challenge to global TB control efforts. The objectives of our study were firstly, to evaluate the trend and size of foreign-born pulmonary TB patients...

    Authors: Lisa Kawatsu, Akihiro Ohkado, Kazuhiro Uchimura and Kiyohiko Izumi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1355

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Hand hygiene is a simple and low-cost measure to reduce healthcare associated infection yet it has always been a concern in low as well as high resource settings across the globe. Poor hand hygiene during intr...

    Authors: Mukta Tyagi, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg, Swecha Chamarty and Samiksha Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1299

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Spatial analysis has been vital in mapping the spread of diseases and assisting in policy making. Targeting diarrhea transmission hotspots is one of the potential strategies for reducing diarrhea cases. This s...

    Authors: Nilima, Asha Kamath, Karthik Shetty, B. Unnikrishnan, Siddharth Kaushik and Shesh N. Rai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1288

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  21. Content type: Research article

    We sought to identify if socioeconomic and demographic factors play a role in resident knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika in order to inform effective management procedur...

    Authors: A. Whiteman, A. Mejia, I. Hernandez and J. R. Loaiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1261

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  22. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of anal cancer; in the majority of cases this is linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Anal cancer screening is not routinely offered in Zimbabwe.

    Authors: Simbarashe Chinyowa, Joel M. Palefsky, Zvavahera M. Chirenje, Rudo Makunike-Mutasa, Marshall Munjoma and Godfrey I. Muguti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1260

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, Rwanda adopted ART for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV from pregnant women living with HIV during pregnancy and breasfeeding period. This study examines rates of mother-to-child-tran...

    Authors: Placidie Mugwaneza, Alexandre Lyambabaje, Aline Umubyeyi, James Humuza, Landry Tsague, Fabian Mwanyumba, Vincent Mutabazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Muhayimpundu Ribakare, Ange Irakoze, Emmanuel Mutaganzwa, Carl Lombard and Debra Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1248

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Strongyloidiasis is prevalent in northeast Thailand. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the Health Education and Preventive Equipment Package (HEPEP), a package we developed to improve awareness and ai...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Oranuch Sanpool, Rutchanee Rodpai, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Wanida Kanarkard, Wanchai Maleewong, Ratthaphol Kraiklang and Pewpan M Intapan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1184

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Geosocial networking smartphone applications (apps) are popular tools for seeking sexual partners among men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated app use and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) ...

    Authors: Haidong Wang, Lu Zhang, Ying Zhou, Keke Wang, Xiaoya Zhang, Jianhui Wu and Guoli Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1178

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Social norms and self-efficacy play important roles in promoting consistent condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM). Few studies have investigated the association between social norms, self-efficacy a...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Joseph D. Tucker, Chuncheng Liu, Heping Zheng, Weiming Tang and Li Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1175

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This cross-sectional study was retrospectively performed to assess the trend of tuberculosis (TB) among Taiwan’s immigrant workers from highly TB-endemic countries under an intervention of conducting a 4-round...

    Authors: Mei-Mei Kuan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1151

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, young women are at disproportionate risk of HIV infection with about 2363 new infections per week in 2015. Proper condom use is one of the most effective HIV/AIDS prevention strategies among s...

    Authors: Thobani Ntshiqa, Alfred Musekiwa, Mandla Mlotshwa, Kerry Mangold, Carl Reddy and Seymour Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1137

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Data on the pathogens responsible for nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI) and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Hubei province are limited. This study was conducted to determine the major pathogens ca...

    Authors: Lei Tian, Ziyong Sun and Zhen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1121

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most common type of infections worldwide and are widely distributed in tropical areas. In rural areas of southern Thailand where most land is used for a...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Suchirat Bunratsami, Kanjana Thongtup, Parnpen Viriyavejakul, Sarawoot Palipoch, Phanit Koomhin and Somchok Nongnaul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1118

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) represents TB which is simultaneous resistant to at least rifampicin (R) and isoniazid (H). Identifying inadequate therapy as the main cause of this form of the dise...

    Authors: Maja Stosic, Dejana Vukovic, Dragan Babic, Gordana Antonijevic, Kristie L. Foley, Isidora Vujcic and Sandra Sipetic Grujicic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1114

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is responsible for high morbidity and mortality amongst children under five year of age. India accounts for one-third of the total WHO South East Asia burden of under-five mortality. There is a pauci...

    Authors: Jayashree Gothankar, Prakash Doke, Girish Dhumale, Prasad Pore, Sanjay Lalwani, Sanjay Quraishi, Sujata Murarkar, Reshma Patil, Vivek Waghachavare, Randhir Dhobale, Kirti Rasote, Sonali Palkar and Nandini Malshe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1111

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite great progress made in methods to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), delivery and uptake of these measures remains a challenge in many countries. Although the Brazilian Ministry of Hea...

    Authors: Kathryn Lynn Lovero, Thais Raquelly Dourado de Oliveira, Estela Magalhães Cosme, Natália Beatriz Cabrera, Mariana Fernandes Guimarães, Juliana Gregório de Avelar, Giovanna Rodrigues Teixeira de Oliveira, Camila de Morais Salviato, Guillermo Douglass-Jaimes, Maria Leticia Santos Cruz, Esaú Custódio João, Ana Cláudia Mamede Wiering de Barros, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Ivete Martins Gomes, Lee Woodland Riley and Claudete Aparecida Araújo Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1110

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Viral hepatitis, mainly hepatitis B and C, is a serious public health problem worldwide. In China, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains high, while that of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infect...

    Authors: Shishen Wang, Yuhui Tao, Yuchun Tao, Jing Jiang, Li Yan, Chong Wang, Yaxuan Ding, Jianxing Yu, Dinghui Zhao, Xiumei Chi, Xiaomei Wang, Ruihong Wu, Xiuzhu Gao, Ying Shi, Yazhe Guan, Yingchun Li…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1088

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal parasitic infections (IPI) lead to significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric and adult populations worldwide. Intestinal parasitism during pregnancy is of interest as it may affect the health...

    Authors: Angela Fernanda Espinosa Aranzales, Katja Radon, Guenter Froeschl, Ángela María Pinzón Rondón and Maria Delius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1071

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Many infectious diseases of public health importance display annual seasonal patterns in their incidence. We aimed to systematically document the seasonality of several human infectious disease pathogens in En...

    Authors: Mark P. C. Cherrie, Gordon Nichols, Gianni Lo Iacono, Christophe Sarran, Shakoor Hajat and Lora E. Fleming

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1067

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Mandatory notification of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections was introduced for laboratories in Germany in 2009. The aims were to support local health authorities (LHAs) in the...

    Authors: Viktoria Schönfeld, M. Diercke, A. Gilsdorf, T. Eckmanns and J. Walter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1063

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Listeria monocytogenes as the main causative agent of human listeriosis is an intracellular bacterium that has the capability to infect a wide range of cell types. Human listeriosis is a sporadic foodborne diseas...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar and Mehrdad Halaji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1057

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  39. Content type: Review article

    The synanthropic house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), is a mechanical vector of pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites), some of which cause serious diseases in humans and domestic animals....

    Authors: Faham Khamesipour, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Behnam Honarvar and Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1049

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis among women worldwide and is associated with increased susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. We aimed to determ...

    Authors: Jennifer P. Jain, Claire C. Bristow, Heather A. Pines, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Hugo Staines, Thomas L. Patterson and Steffanie A. Strathdee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1032

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Yellow fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever, endemic in the tropical forests of Africa and Central and South America. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes infected with the yellow fever virus (YFV). Eth...

    Authors: Mesfin Mengesha Tsegaye, Berhane Beyene, Workenesh Ayele, Almaz Abebe, Israel Tareke, Amadou Sall, Sergio Yactayo, Messeret E. Shibeshi, Erin Staples, Desalegn Belay, Abrham Lilay, Abebe Alemu, Emana Alemu, Adugna Kume, Alemnesh H/Mariam, Olivier Ronveaux…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1011

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To assess the potential acceptability and inform the development of behaviorally-congruent vaginal douche- or gel-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products, we examined vaginal washing and lubrication...

    Authors: Heather A. Pines, Shirley J. Semple, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Craig W. Hendrix, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Pamina M. Gorbach, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Gustavo Martinez and Thomas L. Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1009

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a global public health concern. Due to the presence of multiple risk factors such as poor housing conditions and food insecurity in Canadian Indigenous communities, this popul...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Anne McCarthy and Yoko Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:979

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Inadequate immunization coverage remains a public health problem in Africa. In Togo, only 62% of children under one year of age were fully immunized in 2013. This study aimed to estimate the immunization cover...

    Authors: Didier K. Ekouevi, Fifonsi A. Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Issifou Yaya, Wendpouiré I. Zida-Compaore, Amevegbé Boko, Essèboe Sewu, Anani Lacle, Nicolas Ndibu, Yaovi Toke and Dadja E. Landoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:952

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic worms (helminths) are common infections in low- and middle-income countries. For most helminth species, school-aged children are at highest risk of infection and morbidity, such as impaired cognitive...

    Authors: Marta S. Palmeirim, Mamadou Ouattara, Clémence Essé, Véronique A. Koffi, Rufin K. Assaré, Eveline Hürlimann, Jean T. Coulibaly, Nana R. Diakité, Kouassi Dongo, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Giovanna Raso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:951

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic measures of the dengue burden such as prevalence and incidence are important for policy-making and monitoring the progress of disease control. It is a common practice where epidemiologic and econ...

    Authors: Yuan Liang Woon, Chee Peng Hor, Keng Yee Lee, Siti Fatimah Zahra Mohd Anuar, Rose Nani Mudin, Mohd Khadzir Sheikh Ahmad, Suhaya Komari, Faridah Amin, Rahman Jamal, Wei Seng Chen, Pik Pin Goh, Lena Yeap, Zhuo Ren Lim and Teck Onn Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:946

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Males are more susceptible than females to infections due to the differences in endocrine-immune interactions. Furthermore, it is reported that lowering cell cholesterol impairs viral replication and infection...

    Authors: Melaku Adal, Rawleigh Howe, Desta Kassa, Abraham Aseffa and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:943

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Two important helminths, Strongyloides stercoralis (an intestinal roundworm) and Opisthorchis viverrini (a liver fluke), are endemic in northeast Thailand. There have been national campaigns in place aimed at the...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Oranuch Sanpool, Rutchanee Rodpai, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Wanida Kanarkard, Wanchai Maleewong, Ratthaphol Kraiklang and Pewpan M. Intapan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:940

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Delayed treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases increases the risk of death and rate of infection in the community. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is essential for effective TB control. The aim of th...

    Authors: Abdurahaman Seid and Yeshi Metaferia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:931

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