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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 3 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    We examined the risk for Group B streptococcus (GBS)-related diseases in newborns born to mothers who participated in a universal GBS screening program and to determine whether differences are observed in fact...

    Authors: Li-Chen Hung, Pei-Tseng Kung, Tsan-Hung Chiu, Hsun-Pi Su, Ming Ho, Hui-Fen Kao, Li-Ting Chiu, Kuang-Hua Huang and Wen-Chen Tsai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:438

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is resistant to the two main first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs: rifampicin and isoniazid. It is a major threat to public health worldwide. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Fanta Desissa, Tilaye Workineh and Takele Beyene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:422

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Vector and malaria parasite’s rising resistance against pyrethroid-impregnated bed nets and antimalarial drugs highlight the need for additional control measures. Larviciding against malaria vectors is experie...

    Authors: Peter Dambach, Margarida Mendes Jorge, Issouf Traoré, Revati Phalkey, Hélène Sawadogo, Pascal Zabré, Moubassira Kagoné, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Norbert Becker and Claudia Beiersmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:399

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Research pertaining to the community-based prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is important to understand the magnitude of this infection. This study was conducted to estimate LTBI prevalence an...

    Authors: Takele Teklu, Mengistu Legesse, Girmay Medhin, Aboma Zewude, Mahlet Chanyalew, Martha Zewdie, Biniam Wondale, Milkessa Haile-Mariam, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:266

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Infant antiretroviral prophylaxis plays an important role towards ensuring the reduction of HIV transmission from mother to child in the postpartum period. However in sub Saharan Africa (SSA), the low level of...

    Authors: Noah F. Takah, Jeannine A. Atem, Leopold N. Aminde, Moffat Malisheni and Grant Murewenhema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:249

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Little is understood of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission dynamics and community compliance with control measures over time. Understanding these interactions is essential if interventions are to be effect...

    Authors: Grazia Caleo, Jennifer Duncombe, Freya Jephcott, Kamalini Lokuge, Clair Mills, Evita Looijen, Fivi Theoharaki, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, James Squire, Manjo Lamin, Beverley Stringer, Helen A. Weiss, Daniel Culli, Gian Luca Di Tanna and Jane Greig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:248

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Attitude and subjective well-being are important factors in mothers accepting or rejecting Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) supplemental immunization. The purpose of the study was to determine the role of mothers’ att...

    Authors: Gregory C. Umeh, Terna Ignatius Nomhwange, Anthony F. Shamang, Furera Zakari, Audu I. Musa, Paul M. Dogo, Victor Gugong and Neyu Iliyasu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:231

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Shigella causes approximately 500,000 illnesses, 6000 hospitalizations, and 40 deaths in the United States annually, but incidence and populations at risk for severe shigellosis among adults are unclear. This stu...

    Authors: Lindsey S. McCrickard, Stacy M. Crim, Sunkyung Kim and Anna Bowen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:221

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Plague remains a public health problem in specific areas located in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Its prevention and control encompasses adequate clinical management and timely laboratory diagnosis. Howev...

    Authors: Ana Rivière-Cinnamond, Alain Santandreu, Anita Luján, Frederic Mertens, John Omar Espinoza, Yesenia Carpio, Johnny Bravo and Jean-Marc Gabastou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:220

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    The New South Wales (NSW) HIV Strategy 2016–2020 aims for the virtual elimination of HIV transmission in NSW, Australia, by 2020. Despite high and increasing levels of HIV testing and treatment since 2012, the...

    Authors: Iryna B. Zablotska, Christine Selvey, Rebecca Guy, Karen Price, Jo Holden, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Anna McNulty, David Smith, Fengyi Jin, Janaki Amin, David A. Cooper and Andrew E. Grulich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:210

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:297

  11. Content type: Study protocol

    “Determined, Resilient, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe” (DREAMS) is a package of biomedical, social and economic interventions offered to adolescent girls and young women aged 10–24 years with the aim of reducin...

    Authors: Bernadette Hensen, James R. Hargreaves, Tarisai Chiyaka, Sungai Chabata, Phillis Mushati, Sian Floyd, Isolde Birdthistle, Joanna Busza and Frances Cowan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:203

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, HIV is increasingly becoming a chronic disease as a result of advances in HIV treatment and prevention in the last three decades. This has changed the perception from a life threating to a pot...

    Authors: M. L. H. Mabaso, N. P. Zungu, T. Rehle, S. Moyo, S. Jooste and K. Zuma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:198

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Despite effective national immunisation programmes in Europe, some groups remain incompletely or un-vaccinated (‘under-vaccinated’), with underserved minorities and certain religious/ideological groups repeate...

    Authors: N. Fournet, L. Mollema, W. L. Ruijs, I. A. Harmsen, F. Keck, J. Y. Durand, M. P. Cunha, M. Wamsiedel, R. Reis, J. French, E. G. Smit, A. Kitching and J. E. van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:196

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  14. Content type: Research article

    South Africa is making tremendous progress in the fight against HIV, however, adolescent girls and young women aged 15–24 years (AGYW) remain at higher risk of new HIV infections. This paper investigates socio...

    Authors: Musawenkosi Mabaso, Zinhle Sokhela, Neo Mohlabane, Buyisile Chibi, Khangelani Zuma and Leickness Simbayi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:183

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious health concern, particularly in developing countries. Various delays, such as patient delay (PD) and healthcare system delay (HSD) in the TB process, are exacerbating the disease...

    Authors: Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Hassan Yekrang Sis, Vinaya Kelkar, Scott H. Harrison, Gregory D. Goins, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Jian Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:174

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  16. Content type: Research article

    HIV disclosure is an important step in delivering the right care to people. However, many people with an HIV positive status choose not to disclose. This considerably complicates the delivery of adequate healt...

    Authors: Subash Thapa, Karin Hannes, Anne Buve, Shivani Bhattarai and Catharina Mathei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:162

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The correct knowledge of standard case definition is necessary for frontline health workers to diagnose suspected diseases across Africa. However, surveillance evaluations commonly assume this prerequisite. Th...

    Authors: Mitsuru Toda, Dejan Zurovac, Ian Njeru, David Kareko, Matilu Mwau and Kouichi Morita

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:146

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Starting in August 2015, there was an increase in the number of cases of neonatal microcephaly in Northeast Brazil. These findings were identified as being an epidemic of microcephaly related to Zika virus (ZI...

    Authors: Wayner Vieira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Enrique Vazquez, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes, Tereza Maciel Lyra, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araujo, André Luiz Sá de Oliveira, Maria Cynthia Braga, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Amanda Priscila de Santana Cabral Silva, Laura Rodrigues and Celina Maria Turchi Martelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:130

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, are focusing on the distribution of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) to combat malaria. However, utilization of the LLIN is low when compared wit...

    Authors: Mitiku Teshome Hambisa, Tessema Debela, Yadeta Dessie and Tesfaye Gobena

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:124

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Clinically diagnosed amoebic liver abscess (ALA) caused by Entamoeba histolytica has been an important public health problem in Jaffna district, northern Sri Lanka for last three decades. In order to draw up a co...

    Authors: Selvam Kannathasan, Arumugam Murugananthan, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Nilanthi Renuka de Silva, Nadarajah Rajeshkannan, Rashidul Haque and Devika Iddawela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:118

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Anthrax outbreaks in Tanzania have been reported from the human, livestock and wildlife sectors over several years, and is among the notifiable diseases. Despite frequent anthrax outbreaks, there is no compreh...

    Authors: Elibariki Reuben Mwakapeje, Sol Høgset, Robert Fyumagwa, Hezron Emmanuel Nonga, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:106

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The road map for childhood tuberculosis launched in 2013 provided strong renewed efforts focused towards zero deaths due to tuberculosis in children. From 2010, there were efforts to improve childhood tubercul...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Moorine Sekadde-Kasirye, Derrick Kimuli, Frank Mugabe and Deus Lukoye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:963

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Post-infectious fatigue syndrome (PIFS), also known as post-viral fatigue syndrome, is a complex condition resulting in physical, cognitive, emotional, neurological, vocational and/or role performance disabili...

    Authors: Eva Stormorken, Leonard A. Jason and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:952

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  24. Content type: Research article

    China faces many challenges in controlling tuberculosis (TB). One significant challenge is the control of college students’ TB. In particular, cross-sectional studies of college students’ knowledge, attitudes ...

    Authors: Hualin Jiang, Shaoru Zhang, Yi Ding, Yuelu Li, Tianhua Zhang, Weiping Liu, Yahui Fan, Yan Li, Rongqiang Zhang and Xuexue Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:949

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  25. Content type: Debate

    Zika infection during pregnancy (ZIKVP) is known to be associated with adverse outcomes. Studies on this matter involve both rare outcomes and rare exposures and methodological choices are not straightforward....

    Authors: Elisabeth Carmen Duarte, Leila Posenato Garcia, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo and Maria P. Velez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:924

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Implementing rigorous epidemiologic studies in low-resource settings involves challenges in participant recruitment and follow-up (e.g., mobile populations, distrust), biological sample collection (e.g., cold-...

    Authors: Anna M. Aceituno, Kaitlyn K. Stanhope, Paulina A. Rebolledo, Rachel M. Burke, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Parminder S. Suchdev and Juan S. Leon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:911

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Couples HIV counseling and testing is essential for combination HIV prevention, but its uptake remains very low. We aimed to evaluate factors associated with couples HIV counseling uptake in India, Georgia and...

    Authors: Thierry Tiendrebeogo, Melanie Plazy, Shrinivas Darak, Marija Miric, Eddy Perez-Then, Maia Butsashvili, Patrice Tchendjou, François Dabis and Joanna Orne-Gliemann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:901

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Patients with TB have diverse and often challenging clinical and social needs that may hamper successful treatment outcomes. Understanding the need for additional support during treatment (enhanced case manage...

    Authors: Angela Tucker, Jeniffer Mithoo, Paul Cleary, Mark Woodhead, Peter MacPherson, Tom Wingfield, Stefanie Davies, Carolyn Wake, Paddy McMaster and S. Bertel Squire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:881

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  29. Content type: Research article

    On 5 March 2015, Taiwan Centers for Disease Control was notified of more than 200 students with gastroenteritis at a senior high school during excursion to Kenting. We conducted an outbreak investigation to id...

    Authors: Hao-Yuan Cheng, Min-Nan Hung, Wan-Chin Chen, Yi-Chun Lo, Ying-Shih Su, Hsin-Yi Wei, Meng-Yu Chen, Yen-Chang Tuan, Hui-Chen Lin, Hsu-Yang Lin, Tsung-Yen Liu, Yu-Ying Wang and Fang-Tzy Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:870

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  30. Content type: Research article

    G. intestinalis and Cryptosporidium spp. are responsible for gastrointestinal infections worldwide. Contaminated food, feces, drinking water and predictors such as poverty, cultural an...

    Authors: Luis Quihui-Cota, Gloria Guadalupe Morales-Figueroa, Aarón Javalera-Duarte, José Antonio Ponce-Martínez, Edith Valbuena-Gregorio and Marco Antonio López-Mata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:852

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis mansoni constitutes a significant public health problem in Rwanda. The nationwide prevalence mapping conducted in 2007–2008 revealed that prevalence per district ranges from 0 to 69.5% among sc...

    Authors: E. Nyandwi, A. Veldkamp, S. Amer, C. Karema and I. Umulisa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:845

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, medical care of prisoners is completely separated from extramural health care. The extent and quality of medical care among prisoners in Germany are therefore largely unknown. We performed a second...

    Authors: Jana Müller, Daniel Schmidt, Christian Kollan, Marc Lehmann, Viviane Bremer and Ruth Zimmermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:843

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Various epidemiological studies indicate that the prevalence of intestinal parasites is high in developing countries and those parasites are major public health importance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their distribu...

    Authors: Dejen Gezehegn, Mebrahtu Abay, Desalegn Tetemke, Hiwet Zelalem, Hafte Teklay, Zeray Baraki and Girmay Medhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:819

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a significant public health issue that considerably deters the ongoing TB control efforts in India. The purpose of this review was to investigate the prevalence...

    Authors: Vishal Goyal, Vijay Kadam, Prashant Narang and Vikram Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:817

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The 2010 Global Burden of Disease estimates show that 57% of all TB deaths globally occurred among adults older than 50 years of age. Few studies document the TB burden among older adults in Southern Africa. W...

    Authors: Jenna Coffman, Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Ben J. Marais, Nathan Kapata, Alimuddin Zumla and Joel Negin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:804

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cholera remains an important public health challenge globally. Several pandemics have occurred in different parts of the world and have been epidemiologically linked by different researchers to illustrate how ...

    Authors: Kennedy Ohene-Adjei, Ernest Kenu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Prince Nii Ossah Addo, Charles Lwanga Noora, Priscillia Nortey and Edwin Andrew Afari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:801

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Health education is important to empower patients and encourage their contribution towards tuberculosis (TB) control. In South Africa, health education activities are integrated into services provided at the p...

    Authors: N. Gladys Kigozi, J. Christo Heunis, Michelle C. Engelbrecht, André P. Janse van Rensburg and H. C. J. Dingie van Rensburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:795

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are widespread in underdeveloped countries. In Ethiopia, the prevalence and distribution of helminth infection varies by different exposing risk factors. We therefore investig...

    Authors: Fikreslasie Samuel, Asalif Demsew, Yonas Alem and Yonas Hailesilassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:791

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage rates remain low. This is believed to reflect parental hesitancy, but few studies have examined how changes in parents’ attitudes impact HPV vaccine uptake. This stu...

    Authors: Jeffrey J. VanWormer, Casper G. Bendixsen, Elizabeth R. Vickers, Shannon Stokley, Michael M. McNeil, Julianne Gee, Edward A. Belongia and Huong Q. McLean

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:766

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program to curb the dual epidemics of HIV/AIDS and drug use has been administered by China since 2004. Little is known regarding the geographic heterogeneity of HIV and ...

    Authors: Mingli Li, Rongjian Li, Zhiyong Shen, Chunying Li, Nengxiu Liang, Zhenren Peng, Wenbo Huang, Chongwei He, Feng Zhong, Xianyan Tang and Guanghua Lan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:759

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Global migration from hepatitis B endemic countries poses a significant public health challenge in receiving low-prevalence countries. In the UK, Chinese migrants are a high risk group for hepatitis B. However...

    Authors: Andrew Chee Keng Lee, Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Jason Horsley, Amrita Jesurasa and Sarah Salway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:747

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Bacillary dysentery is the third leading notifiable disease and remains a major public health concern in China. The Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei urban region is the biggest urban agglomeration in northern China, and ...

    Authors: Chengdong Xu, Yuanyuan Li, Jinfeng Wang and Gexin Xiao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:743

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Globally school-age children, adolescents and young adults bear the highest burden of schistosomiasis. When developing a specific intervention to improve community’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs),...

    Authors: David Z. Munisi, Joram Buza, Emmanuel A. Mpolya, Teckla Angelo and Safari M. Kinung’hi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:731

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains an important disease which mainly affects the majority of vulnerable individuals in society, who are subjected to poor living conditions and difficulties to access the services of public h...

    Authors: Rosiane Davina da Silva, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Aguinaldo José de Araújo, Edwirde Luiz Silva Camêlo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Paula Hino, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Sayonara Maria Lia Fook and Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:725

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In 2004, routine varicella vaccination was introduced in Germany for children aged 11–14 months. Routine measles vaccination had already been introduced in 1973 for the same age group, but coverage is still to...

    Authors: Christine Hagemann, Andrea Streng, Alexander Kraemer and Johannes G. Liese

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:724

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