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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 3 of 17

  1. Leptospirosis is still endemic in Malaysia and has been prevalent in Selangor where cases have been underreported. Primarily, this was due to lack of awareness in the urban community in this region. This study...

    Authors: Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Surianti Sukeri, Zawaha Idris, Wan Nor Arifin, Noramira Nozmi, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Suhailah Samsudin, Abdul-Wahab Zainudin, Rukman Awang Hamat, Rosni Ibrahim, Siti Norbaya Masri, Suhainizam Muhammad Saliluddin, Aziah Daud, Malina Osman…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:628

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Africa has produced a large amount of data on participating countries, and in particular o...

    Authors: Bien-Aimé Makasa Mandja, Didier Bompangue, Pascal Handschumacher, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Gérard Salem, Jean-Jacques Muyembe and Frédéric Mauny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:624

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Serological surveillance, based on the measurement of the presence of specific antibodies in a given population, can be used in addition to traditional and routine disease surveillance methods. The added value...

    Authors: Tinne Lernout, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Veroniek Saegeman, Marie Tré-Hardy, Morgane de Laveleye, Tommi Asikainen, Ram Benny Dessau, Sophie Quoilin and Amber Litzroth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:597

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Unlike their younger counterparts, some of today’s older HIV patients were diagnosed before the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The psychosocial and behavioral outcomes of people living...

    Authors: Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Antoine Vilotitch, Marion Mora, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Valérie Guagliardo, Marie Suzan-Monti, Rosemary Dray-Spira and Bruno Spire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:590

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Since 2009, in Ontario, reportable disease surveillance data has been used for timely in-season estimates of influenza severity (i.e., hospitalizations and deaths). Due to changes in reporting requirements inf...

    Authors: J. Leigh Hobbs, Michael Whelan, Anne-Luise Winter, Michelle Murti and Karin Hohenadel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:567

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Varicella is typically mild and self-limiting, but can be associated with complications and even death. The limited data available on varicella in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) indicate substantial bur...

    Authors: Luiza Helena Falleiros Arlant, Maria Catalina Pirez Garcia, Maria L. Avila Aguero, Miguel Cashat, Cintia Irene Parellada and Lara J. Wolfson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:528

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a communicable disease of increasing global importance with 1.75 million new infections and 400,000 related deaths annually. Until recently, treatment options have had low ...

    Authors: Bernard Luke Edmunds, Emma Ruth Miller and George Tsourtos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:527

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is an important cause of mortality in children and adults. However, studies assessing risk factors for ARI-related deaths in low- and middle-income settings are limited. We de...

    Authors: Sara Tomczyk, John P. McCracken, Carmen Lucia Contreras, Maria Renee Lopez, Chris Bernart, Juan Carlos Moir, Kenneth Escobar, Lisette Reyes, Wences Arvelo, Kim Lindblade, Leonard Peruski, Joe P. Bryan and Jennifer R. Verani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:499

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network (GIHSN) aims to determine the burden of severe influenza disease and Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness (IVE). This is a prospective, active surveillance and hos...

    Authors: Víctor Baselga-Moreno, Svetlana Trushakova, Shelly McNeil, Anna Sominina, Marta C. Nunes, Anca Draganescu, Serhat Unal, Parvaiz Koul, Jan Kyncl, Tao Zhang, Ainagul Kuatbayeva, Afif Ben-Salah, Elena Burtseva, Joan Puig-Barberà and Javier Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:487

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Globally in 2015 about 214 million malaria cases and 438,000 deaths were reported with 75% were from Sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria transmission in Ethiopia is unstable, and outbreaks are considered public health...

    Authors: Afewerki Tesfahunegn, Gebretsadik Berhe and Equbay Gebregziabher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:484

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Childhood tuberculosis (TB) diagnoses often lack microbiologic confirmation and require empiric treatment. Barriers to empiric treatment include concern for poor outcomes and adverse effects. We thus determine...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Devan Jaganath, Moorine Penninah Sekadde, Betty Nsangi, Heather Haq and Adithya Cattamanchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:446

    Content type: Research article

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  12. People living in poverty (PLP) are highly vulnerable to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology of HBV infection in PLP in the metropolitan region of Goiânia, Goiás ...

    Authors: Lara Cristina da Cunha Guimarães, Sandra Brunini, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Hélio Galdino-Júnior, Ruth Minamisava, Vanessa Elias da Cunha, Jordana Rúbia Souza Santos, Elisângela de Paula Silveira- Lacerda, Christiane Moreira Souza, Vera Lúcia Brandão de Oliveira, Gabriela Cavalcante Albernaz, Thiago Guida de Menezes and Giovanni Rezza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:443

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Retention of HIV Exposed Infants (HEIs) in care ensures adequate care. Data on retention of HEIs at large referral hospitals in Uganda is limited. We investigated the retention level of HEIs and associated fac...

    Authors: Pontius Apangu, Jonathan Izudi, Francis Bajunirwe, Edgar Mulogo and Vincent Batwala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:436

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This paper investigates the relationship between psychological health and quality of life (QOL) of people affected by leprosy (PAL) living in a community in Guangdong province, China.

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Bin Yang, Ming Li and Daocheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:424

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Among persons living with HIV, poorer antiretroviral therapy adherence has been reported in African Americans and disproportionate mortality reported in young African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM)...

    Authors: Mark S. Dworkin, Palak Panchal, Wayne Wiebel, Robert Garofalo, Jessica E. Haberer and Antonio Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:394

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In 2014, a study in Munyenge revealed a high prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis (UGS) among pregnant women. This study investigated he prevalence and risk factors of UGS in pregnancy following scale-up o...

    Authors: Godlove Bunda Wepnje, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi, Vicky Daonyle Ndassi, Leopold Gustave Lehman and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

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  17. India lacks data on the incidence of Paediatric HIV. In 2010, the Indian Council of Medical Research commissioned a task force study to estimate the paediatric HIV burden in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India....

    Authors: Rajaram Subramanian Potty, Anju Sinha, Rajeev Sethumadhavan, Shajy Isac and Reynold Washington

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Establishing a correct diagnosis is challenging. We aimed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of routine tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic work-up in lung clinics in Indonesia, a country with the third h...

    Authors: Antonia Morita I. Saktiawati, Yanri W. Subronto, Ymkje Stienstra, Sumardi, Fabiola Supit and Tjip S. van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:363

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In 2014 the World Health Organisation (WHO) established validation criteria for elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis. Additionally, the WHO set targets to eliminate hepatitis...

    Authors: Maartje Visser, Catharina P. B. van der Ploeg, Colette Smit, Chantal W. P. M. Hukkelhoven, Frithjofna Abbink, Birgit H. B. van Benthem and Eline L. M. Op de Coul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:353

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Description of the epidemiology of influenza is needed to inform influenza vaccination policy. Here we examined influenza virus circulation in countries in the Asia-Pacific region and compared the timing of se...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Saverio Caini, John Paget, Philippe Vanhems and François Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:331

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Over the last 30 years, extensive dengue epidemics have occurred in Brazil, characterized by emergences and re-emergences of different serotypes, a change in the epidemiological profile and an increase in the ...

    Authors: Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Regina Paiva Daumas, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta and Flávia Barreto dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The implementation of an integrated molecular surveillance (IMS) of tuberculosis (TB) is of high priority for TB control. IMS is defined as the systematic inclusion of molecular typing results in the national ...

    Authors: Andrea Sanchini, Marta Andrés, Lena Fiebig, Stefan Albrecht, Barbara Hauer and Walter Haas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:321

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Due to numerous blood exposures hospital staff are at risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. This study aimed at estimating prevalence of HBV, associated risk factors and HBV vaccination among P...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Katarzyna Topczewska, Maria Budnik-Szymoniuk and Marcin Korzeń

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Tuberculosis is a major public health problem with varying prevalence in different settings. National prevalence surveys provide evidence for planning and decision making. However, they lack the capacity to es...

    Authors: Daniel G. Datiko, Ermias Amsalu Guracha, Elias Michael, Girum Asnake, Meaza Demisse, Sally Theobald, Olivia Tulloch, Mohammed A. Yassin and L. E. Cuevas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:295

    Content type: Research article

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  25. During the 2016–2017 austral summer, unprecedented water scarcity was observed in the south of Mayotte, French island in the Indian Ocean. Therefore, authorities introduced restrictive measures to save the wat...

    Authors: Marion Subiros, Elise Brottet, Jean-Louis Solet, Armelle LeGuen and Laurent Filleul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:288

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in China. Correct and consistent condom use is one of the most effective strategies for preventing the spread o...

    Authors: Hongbo Jiang, Xiaobin Chen, Jing Li, Zhimin Tan, Weibin Cheng and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:261

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective method of weight loss today. The aim of the present Swedish study, which was performed in a country that has universal health care, was to investigate i...

    Authors: Ensieh Memarian, Kristina Sundquist, Susanna Calling, Jan Sundquist and Xinjun Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:258

    Content type: Research article

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  28. With limited resources and spatio-temporal heterogeneity of malaria in developing countries, it is still difficult to assess the real impact of socioeconomic and environmental factors in order to set up target...

    Authors: Toussaint Rouamba, Seydou Nakanabo-Diallo, Karim Derra, Eli Rouamba, Adama Kazienga, Yasuko Inoue, Ernest K. Ouédraogo, Moussa Waongo, Sokhna Dieng, Abdoulaye Guindo, Boukary Ouédraogo, Kankoé Lévi Sallah, Seydou Barro, Pascal Yaka, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Halidou Tinto…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:249

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Immunization is one of the most effective measures for preventing disease when vaccination coverage is sufficient. Although vaccination coverage is known to be influenced by social and cultural barriers, the d...

    Authors: Ikuma Nozaki, Masahiko Hachiya and Tomomi Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Currently in Vietnam contact tracing for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) entails passive case finding among symptomatic household contacts who present themselves for diagnosis. Close contacts of MDR-...

    Authors: Thi Thanh Thuy Hoang, Viet Nhung Nguyen, Ngoc Sy Dinh, Guy Thwaites, Thu Anh Nguyen, H. Rogier van Doorn, Frank Cobelens and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  31. We used data released by the government to analyze the epidemiological distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis in mainland China from 2004 to 2015, in order to provide a deeper understanding of trends in the ep...

    Authors: Zuiyuan Guo, Dan Xiao, Xiuhong Wang, Yayu Wang and Tiecheng Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mongolia was one of the four countries that received a measles-elimination certificate from the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific in 2014. Following the outbreaks in many countr...

    Authors: Oyunchimeg Orsoo, Yu Mon Saw, Enkhbold Sereenen, Buyanjargal Yadamsuren, Ariunsanaa Byambaa, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite increased antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage, the incidence of HIV infection among women in rural South Africa remains high. While many socio-demographic and behavioral factors have been identified,...

    Authors: Armstrong Dzomba, Andrew Tomita, Alain Vandormael, Kaymarlin Govender and Frank Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Very few studies have been conducted on the seroprevalence of syphilis in Gabon. According to the World Health Organization, the average seroprevalence of syphilis has declined from 5.5 to 1.1% in Central Afri...

    Authors: Cyrille Bisseye, Jean-Marie Eko Mba, Jophrette Mirelle Ntsame Ndong, Heidi E. Kosiorek, Richard J. Butterfield, Landry Erik Mombo, Bertrand M’batchi, Mitesh J. Borad, Bolni Marius Nagalo and Jean-Pierre Allain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is caused by bacteria that are resistant to the most effective anti-tuberculosis drug. The MDR-TB is an increasing global problem and the spread of MDR-TB has differen...

    Authors: Yigzaw Alemu Limenih and Demeke Lakew Workie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The development of a safe and effective vaccine is considered crucial for dengue transmission control since vetor control has been failed; some potential candidates are currently in test, and in this context t...

    Authors: Luciana L. Cardim, Suani T. R. Pinho, M. Gloria Teixeira, M. Conceição N. Costa, M. Lourdes Esteva and Claudia P. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Despite substantial improvements in accessibility of Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART), death of children on ART remains a prevailing challenge in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. However, the pooled magnitu...

    Authors: Ismael Ahmed and Seblewengel Lemma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In the last few years, pertussis has re-emerged worldwide. The aim of this article is to study how the incidence of the disease has evolved in Barcelona city over a 16-year period, and determine which factors ...

    Authors: Sílvia Brugueras, Cristina Rius, Joan-Pau Millet, Martí Casals and Joan A. Caylà

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:144

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Uganda is one of the few countries in Africa that has been experiencing outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola, Marburg and Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fevers. In 2017 Uganda experienced a Marburg V...

    Authors: Aggrey Siya, William Bazeyo, Doreen Tuhebwe, Gabriel Tumwine, Arnold Ezama, Leonard Manirakiza, Donald R. Kugonza and Innocent B. Rwego

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:136

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In 2017, 64% of children living with HIV in Zambia accessed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). Despite expanded ART coverage, there is paucity of information on effectiveness of pediatric ART in reducing mortality....

    Authors: Jane N. Mutanga, Simon Mutembo, Amara E. Ezeamama, Xiao Song, Robert C. Fubisha, Kunda Mutesu-Kapembwa, Derrick Sialondwe, Brenda Simuchembu, Jelita Chinyonga, Philip E. Thuma and Christopher C. Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:115

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was no...

    Authors: Chioma Cindy Dan-Nwafor, Uzoma Ogbonna, Pamela Onyiah, Saheed Gidado, Bashorun Adebobola, Patrick Nguku and Peter Nsubuga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:112

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In 2016, the Government of India introduced the oral rotavirus vaccine (ROTAVAC, Bharat Biotech, India) in 4 states of India as part of the Universal Immunization Programme, and expanded to 5 more states in 20...

    Authors: Sidhartha Giri, Nayana P. Nair, Ann Mathew, B. Manohar, Anna Simon, Tejinder Singh, S. Suresh Kumar, M. A. Mathew, Sudhir Babji, Rashmi Arora, C. P. Girish Kumar, S. Venkatasubramanian, Sanjay Mehendale, Mohan D. Gupte and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:69

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Hepatitis B (HepB) is a major public health concern in Malaysia yet little is known about knowledge and awareness of this infection in the country. Such information is essential for designing effective interve...

    Authors: Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Niazlin Mohd Taib, Subramaniam Munusamy, Samsul Anwar, Abram Luther Wagner, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Ruth Müller, Ulrich Kuch, David Alexander Groneberg, Harapan Harapan and Aye Aye Khin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:47

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Prevalence data of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are needed to estimate the budgetary impact of reimbursement of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). In Belgium, the restricted reimbursement criteria a...

    Authors: Amber Litzroth, Vanessa Suin, Chloé Wyndham-Thomas, Sophie Quoilin, Gaëtan Muyldermans, Thomas Vanwolleghem, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Vera Verburgh, Marjorie Jacques, Steven Van Gucht and Veronik Hutse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are major public health problems in poor and developing countries that require fecal contamination of the environment for transmission. The consumption of raw vegetab...

    Authors: Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Kanjana Thongtup, Surasak Nagavirochana and Parnpen Viriyavejakul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:34

    Content type: Research article

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  46. In Togo, the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) among young people aged 15–24 years was estimated at 16.4% in 2010; however, risk factors for HBsAg carriage are poorly documented. We sough...

    Authors: Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Akouda Patassi, Pauline Yanogo, Leou Ismael Banla, Adjaho Koba, Zoulkaneiri Issa, Koffi Akolly, Agballa Mébiny-Esso Tchalla, Hamadi Assane, Aboukerim Naba-Mouchedou, Bernard Sawadogo, Simon Nouvura Antara, Kossi Badziklou, Abiba Kere Banla, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi and Idrissa Sanou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:32

    Content type: Research article

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  47. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). TB is also the leading opportunistic infection contributing to about one-third of deaths in this population. The World Health Organiza...

    Authors: Philip Owiti, Dickens Onyango, Robina Momanyi and Anthony D. Harries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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