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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 16 of 17

  1. Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been neglected in the fight against TB. Despite implementation of Directly Observed Treatment Shortcourse (DOTS) program in public and private hospitals in Indonesia since 2000,...

    Authors: Trisasi Lestari, Ari Probandari, Anna-Karin Hurtig and Adi Utarini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:784

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The HIV epidemic in Sub Saharan Africa has been traditionally assumed to be driven by high risk heterosexual and vertical transmission. However, there is an increasing body of data highlighting the disproporti...

    Authors: Stefan Baral, Earl Burrell, Andrew Scheibe, Ben Brown, Chris Beyrer and Linda-Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:766

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In contrast to seasonal influenza epidemics, where the majority of deaths occur amongst elderly, a considerable part of the 2009 pandemic influenza related deaths concerned relatively young people. In the Neth...

    Authors: Rianne AB van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Rob M Riesmeijer, Ingrid HM Friesema, Adam Meijer, Leslie D Isken, Aura Timen and Marianne AB van der Sande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:758

    Content type: Research article

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  4. HIV testing is a key component of prevention and an entry point into HIV/AIDS treatment and care however, coverage and access to testing remains low in Uganda. Home-Based HIV Counseling and Testing (HBHCT) has...

    Authors: Juliet N Sekandi, Hassard Sempeera, Justin List, Micheal Angel Mugerwa, Stephen Asiimwe, Xiaoping Yin and Christopher C Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:730

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Africa Malaria Report shows that many countries are quite far from reaching the universal coverage targets of 80% coverage by 2010 and maintain it at this level. This paper examines ITN use and the factors...

    Authors: Olorunfemi E Amoran, Idowu O Senbanjo and Chuks E Asagwara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:728

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The proportion of Ugandan children who are fully vaccinated has varied over the years. Understanding vaccination behaviour is important for the success of the immunisation programme. This study examined influe...

    Authors: Juliet N Babirye, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Juliet Kiguli, Henry Wamani, Fred Nuwaha and Ingunn MS Engebretsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:723

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Successful treatment of tuberculosis (TB) involves taking anti-tuberculosis drugs for at least six months. Poor adherence to treatment means patients remain infectious for longer, are more likely to relapse or...

    Authors: Bernard N Muture, Margaret N Keraka, Peter K Kimuu, Ephantus W Kabiru, Victor O Ombeka and Francis Oguya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:696

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pertussis continues to challenge medical professionals; recently described increases in incidence may be due to age-cohort effects, vaccine effectiveness, or changes in testing patterns. Toronto, Canada has re...

    Authors: David N Fisman, Patrick Tang, Tanya Hauck, Susan Richardson, Steven J Drews, Donald E Low and Frances Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:694

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The tuberculin skin test (TST) is still the standard test for detecting latent infection by M tuberculosis (LTBI). Given that the Brazilian Health Ministry recommends that the treatment of latent tuberculosis (LT...

    Authors: Líbia CRV Moura, Ricardo AA Ximenes, Heloísa L Ramos, Demócrito B Miranda Filho, Carolina DP Freitas, Rosangela MS Silva, Isabella Coimbra, Joanna d'Arc L Batista, Ulisses R Montarroyos and Maria de Fátima P Militão Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:687

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is widely considered an integral component of HIV prevention and treatment strategies, few studies have examined HCT behavior among youth in sub-Saharan Africa-a group...

    Authors: Caroline W Kabiru, Donatien Beguy, Joanna Crichton and Eliya M Zulu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:685

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. A comprehensive approach towards disease control that addresses social factors including stigma is now advocated. Patients wit...

    Authors: Aaron M Kipp, Petchawan Pungrassami, Kittikorn Nilmanat, Sohini Sengupta, Charles Poole, Ronald P Strauss, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:675

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Counselling and testing is important in HIV prevention and care. Majority of people in sub-Saharan Africa do not know their HIV status and are therefore unable to take steps to prevent infection or take up lif...

    Authors: Abdhalah K Ziraba, Nyovani J Madise, James K Kimani, Samuel Oti, George Mgomella, Mwau Matilu and Alex Ezeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:663

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although over a hundred million dollars have been invested in offering free quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to young girls in Ontario, there continues to be very little information about it...

    Authors: Leah M Smith, Paul Brassard, Jeffrey C Kwong, Shelley L Deeks, Anne K Ellis and Linda E Lévesque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:645

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Current occupational and public health guidance does not distinguish between rendering plant workers and cullers/poultry workers in terms of infection risk in their respective roles during highly pathogenic av...

    Authors: Nicol Coetzee, Obaghe Edeghere, Musarrat Afza and Harsh V Duggal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:626

    Content type: Research article

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  15. There is limited uptake of measures to prevent malaria by pregnant women in Nigeria which is often related to the lack of knowledge on Malaria in Pregnancy (MIP) and its effects on mother and foetus. This stud...

    Authors: Petra F Mens, Pauline FD Scheelbeek, Hind Al Atabbi and Ehijie FO Enato

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:610

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In Malawi, high case fatality rates in patients with tuberculosis, who were also co-infected with HIV, and high early death rates in people living with HIV during the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (AR...

    Authors: Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah, Rhehab Chimzizi, Felix Salaniponi, Francis Gausi, Henry Kanyerere, Erik J Schouten, Andreas Jahn, Simon D Makombe, Frank M Chimbwandira and James Mpunga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:593

    Content type: Correspondence

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  17. Syndromic surveillance has been widely adopted as a real-time monitoring tool for timely response to disease outbreaks. During the second wave of the pH1N1 pandemic in Fall 2009, two major universities in Wash...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Larissa May and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:591

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is known to be a major public health problem among women of reproductive age in South East Asia and Africa. In Ethiopia, there are no studies conducted on serum vitamin A status of H...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Kahsay Huruy, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Gashaw Yitayaw, Masayo Nakamori, Nguyen Van Nhien, Assegedech Bekele, Yared Wondimhun, Shigeru Yamamoto and Fusao Ota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:569

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a smear and/...

    Authors: Susan S van Wyk, Anthony J Reid, Anna M Mandalakas, Donald A Enarson, Nulda Beyers, Julie Morrison and Anneke C Hesseling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:544

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The IeDEA West Africa Pediatric Working Group (pWADA) was established in January 2007 to study the care and treatment of HIV-infected children in this region. We describe here the characteristics at antiretrov...

    Authors: Didier K Ekouevi, Alain Azondekon, Fatoumata Dicko, Karen Malateste, Pety Touré, François T Eboua, Kouakou Kouadio, Lorna Renner, Kevin Peterson, François Dabis, Haby Signaté Sy and Valeriane Leroy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:519

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Estonia has experienced an HIV epidemic among intravenous drug users (IDUs) with the highest per capita HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe. We assessed the effects of expanded syringe exchange programs (SEP) in ...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Don C Des Jarlais, Mart Kals, Kristi Rüütel, Katri Abel-Ollo, Ave Talu and Igor Sobolev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:517

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) exists in the breast milk of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) mothers. The authors use a meta-analytic technique to quantify the evidence of an association between breastfeeding and risk of CH...

    Authors: Yingjie Zheng, Yihan Lu, Qi Ye, Yugang Xia, Yueqin Zhou, Qingqing Yao and Shan Wei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:502

    Content type: Research article

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  23. China ranks second among the 22 high burden countries for tuberculosis. A modeling exercise showed that reduction of indoor air pollution could help advance tuberculosis control in China. However, the associat...

    Authors: Xiaohong Kan, Chen-Yuan Chiang, Donald A Enarson, Wenhua Chen, Jianan Yang and Genwang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:498

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In Germany, measles vaccination coverage with two doses is not yet sufficient to prevent regional outbreaks. Among the 16 German federal states, vaccination coverage was lowest in Bavaria with 85% in 2008. Fro...

    Authors: Maria Wadl, Anette Siedler, Wolfgang Krämer, Maria E Haindl, Stephan Gebrande, Irene Krenn-Lanzl, Annette Mankertz and Wolfgang Hautmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:474

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Each year rotavirus gastroenteritis results in thousands of paediatric hospitalisations and primary care visits in the Netherlands. While two vaccines against rotavirus are registered, routine immunisation of ...

    Authors: Mark H Rozenbaum, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Carlo Giaquinto, Jan C Wilschut, Eelko Hak and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:462

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite advances in surveillance and prevention, pneumonia and influenza (P&I) remain among the leading causes of mortality in the United States. Elderly adults experience the most severe morbidity from influe...

    Authors: Kenneth KH Chui, Steven A Cohen and Elena N Naumova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:444

    Content type: Research article

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  27. HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Malawi is 12.6%, and mother-to-child transmission is a major route of transmission. As PMTCT services have expanded in Malawi in recent years, we sought to determine upta...

    Authors: Monique van Lettow, Richard Bedell, Megan Landes, Lucy Gawa, Stephanie Gatto, Isabell Mayuni, Adrienne K Chan, Lyson Tenthani and Erik Schouten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:426

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Many HIV-positive persons avoid risky sexual practices after testing HIV sero-positive. However, a substantial number continue to engage in risky sexual practices that may further transmit the virus, put them ...

    Authors: Yadeta Dessie, Mulusew Gerbaba, Abdo Bedru and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:422

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In Liverpool, injecting drug users (IDUs), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and UK Africans experience a disproportionate burden of HIV, yet services do not reach out to these groups and late presentations cont...

    Authors: Peter MacPherson, Anu Chawla, Kathy Jones, Emer Coffey, Vida Spaine, Ian Harrison, Pauline Jelliman, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Caryl Beynon and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:419

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Timely reporting of infectious disease cases to public health authorities is essential to effective public health response. To evaluate the timeliness of reporting to the Dutch Municipal Health Services (MHS),...

    Authors: Elisabeth Reijn, Corien M Swaan, Mirjam EE Kretzschmar and Jim E van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:409

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Timely vaccination is important to induce adequate protective immunity. We measured vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage in three geographical areas in South Africa.

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Debra Jackson, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Wanga Zembe, David Sanders, Halvor Sommerfelt and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:404

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In July 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued formal revisions of its guidelines on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV. The new guidelines greatly expand eligibility for treatme...

    Authors: Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Anchilla Banegura, Pedro Cahn, Celia DC Christie, Robert Dintruff, Manuel Distel, Catherine Hankins, Nicholas Hellmann, Elly Katabira, Sandra Lehrman, Julio Montaner, Scott Purdon, James F Rooney, Robin Wood and Shirin Heidari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:388

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. HIV prevention continues to be problematic in the UK, as it does globally. The UK Department of Health has a strategic direction with greater focus on prevention as part of its World Class Commissioning Progra...

    Authors: Sydney Anstee, Alison Price, Amanda Young, Katharine Barnard, Bob Coates, Simon Fraser and Rebecca Moran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:381

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Data from traditionally circumcising communities show that non-circumcised males and those circumcised in the medical settings are stigmatised. This is because traditional circumcision embodies local notions o...

    Authors: Mwita Wambura, Joseph R Mwanga, Jacklin F Mosha, Gerry Mshana, Frank Mosha and John Changalucha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:373

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the st...

    Authors: Nguyen B Hoa, Chen Wei, Chay Sokun, Jens M Lauritsen and Hans L Rieder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:367

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In Luxembourg, viral hepatitis and HIV infection data in problem drug users (PDUs) are primarily based on self-reporting. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV infections in ever...

    Authors: Nathalie Removille, Alain Origer, Sophie Couffignal, Michel Vaillant, Jean-Claude Schmit and Marie-Lise Lair

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:351

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Depression and diminished health status are common in adults with diabetes, but few studies have investigated associations with socio-economic environment. The objective of this manuscript was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Kesha Baptiste-Roberts, Luu Pham, Jacqueline Wesche-Thobaben, Jennifer Patricio, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Arleen F Brown, LaShanda Jones-Corneille and Frederick L Brancati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:349

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The last three decades have seen a series of HIV interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. However, youths still have a mixture of correct and incorrect HIV/AIDS knowledge of transmission routes and prevention stra...

    Authors: Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene and Barthelemy Kuate Defo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:348

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Brucellosis is regarded as one of the major zoonotic infections worldwide. It was first reported in Egypt in 1939 and is now endemic, the predominate species of Brucella in cattle and buffalo in Egypt is B. melit...

    Authors: Hannah R Holt, Mahmoud M Eltholth, Yamen M Hegazy, Wael F El-Tras, Ahmed A Tayel and Javier Guitian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:341

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Interest in the use of emergency department (ED) data by syndromic surveillance systems to detect influenza outbreaks has been growing. Evaluations of these systems generally focus on events during influenza s...

    Authors: Karen Moore, James Black, Stacey Rowe and Lucinda Franklin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:338

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The province of Ontario, Canada initiated mass immunization clinics with adjuvanted pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine in October 2009. Due to the scale of the campaign, temporal associations with Guillain-Barré ...

    Authors: Shelley L Deeks, Gillian H Lim, Mary Anne Simpson, Laura Rosella, Christopher O Mackie, Camille Achonu and Natasha S Crowcroft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:329

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Passively acquired maternal antibodies are necessary to protect infants against circulating measles virus until they reach the eligible age of vaccination. Likewise, high levels of population immunity must be ...

    Authors: Alexandre Manirakiza, Jean Marie Kipela, Stephen Sosler, Régis M'Bary Daba and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:327

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The importance of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections in humans and animals in sub-Saharan Africa at the human-environment-livestock-wildlife interface has recently received increased attention. NTM ...

    Authors: Clovice Kankya, Adrian Muwonge, Berit Djønne, Musso Munyeme, John Opuda-Asibo, Eystein Skjerve, James Oloya, Vigdis Edvardsen and Tone B Johansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:320

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Several FIDELIS projects (Fund for Innovative DOTS Expansion through Local Initiatives to Stop TB) in Tanzania were conducted by the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Programme (NTLP) during the years 2004-200...

    Authors: Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Simon Madland, Martin Ullenes, Donald A Enarson, ID Rusen and Deudatus Kamara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:306

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Since a long time, Italy has maintained a dual system to administer childhood immunisations, that is a certain number of mandatory vaccinations and a number of recommended vaccinations. The study aimed to expl...

    Authors: Maria Anna Coniglio, Marco Platania, Donatella Privitera, Giuseppe Giammanco and Sarina Pignato

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:305

    Content type: Research article

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  46. We compared mortality by cause of death in HIV-infected adults in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy with mortality in the general population in the same age and sex groups.

    Authors: Pablo Aldaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Nerea Egüés, Fátima Irisarri, Yugo Floristan, Julio Sola-Boneta, Víctor Martínez-Artola, Mirian Sagredo and Jesús Castilla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:300

    Content type: Research article

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  47. China has 76.2 million high school and college students, in which the number of reported HIV/AIDS cases is increasing rapidly. Most of these cases are attributed to male-to-male sexual contact. Few studies hav...

    Authors: Jun-Jie Xu, Kathleen Heather Reilly, Chun-Ming Lu, Ning Ma, Min Zhang, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jun-Jie Wang, Ke Yun and Hong Shang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:287

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Several countries have applied the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) rapid assessment tool (RAT) to estimate the burden of Hib disease where resources for hospital- or population-based surveillance are limited....

    Authors: Batmunkh Nyambat, Duc Anh Dang, Hien Anh Nguyen, Trinh Quynh Mai, Manju Rani, Mary PE Slack and Paul E Kilgore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:260

    Content type: Research article

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  49. We assessed the feasibility of collecting urine samples for testing on genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a population-based survey, and prevalence of this infection among young people aged 18-25 in Croat...

    Authors: Ivana Božičević, Ivana Grgić, Snježana Židovec-Lepej, Jurja-Ivana Čakalo, Sanja Belak-Kovačević, Aleksandar Štulhofer and Josip Begovac

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:230

    Content type: Research article

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