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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 16 of 19

  1. Enterococci are the most important multidrug resistant organisms associated with immunocompromised patients. Data are lacking about the epidemiology of vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE) in Ethiopia. This st...

    Authors: Wondwossen Abebe, Mengistu Endris, Moges Tiruneh and Feleke Moges

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:185

    Content type: Research article

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  2. After the 2011 cluster of Hendra virus cases in horses in Australia, public health targeted education initiatives at people in the equine industry to reduce human exposure to potentially infected horses. ‘Hors...

    Authors: Kate Sawford, Navneet K Dhand, Jenny-Ann LML Toribio and Melanie R Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:182

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Fort Bragg, a large Army installation with reported high Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection rates, is characterized by a highly mobile population and a surrounding Ct-endemic community. We assessed the rates of...

    Authors: Shilpa Hakre, Robert J Oyler, Kenneth A Ferrell, Fang Li, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott and Bruno P Petruccelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:181

    Content type: Research article

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  4. An upsurge in club drug use has been observed in recent years in some cities of China, especially methamphetamine, which is quickly replacing heroin to become the most widespread drug across the nation. This s...

    Authors: Meizhen Liao, Dianmin Kang, Xiaorun Tao, Catherine Cox, Yuesheng Qian, Guoyong Wang, Cui Yang, XiaoYan Zhu, Na Zhang, Zhenqiang Bi and Yujiang Jia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:172

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Parasitic infection is the most prevalent among rural communities in warm and humid regions and where water, hygiene and sanitation facilities are inadequate. Such infection occurs in rural areas where water s...

    Authors: Ashenafi Abossie and Mohammed Seid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:166

    Content type: Research article

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  6. As people diagnosed with HIV and receiving combination antiretroviral therapy are now living longer, they are likely to acquire chronic conditions related to normal ageing and the effects of HIV and its treatm...

    Authors: Claire E Kendall, Jenna Wong, Monica Taljaard, Richard H Glazier, William Hogg, Jaime Younger and Douglas G Manuel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:161

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Efficient and reliable surveillance and notification systems are vital for monitoring public health and disease outbreaks. However, most surveillance and notification systems are affected by a degree of undere...

    Authors: Cheryl L Gibbons, Marie-Josée J Mangen, Dietrich Plass, Arie H Havelaar, Russell John Brooke, Piotr Kramarz, Karen L Peterson, Anke L Stuurman, Alessandro Cassini, Eric M Fèvre and Mirjam EE Kretzschmar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:147

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a serious epidemic in China. In the past five years, the number of TB infections in high school students is rising and thus high school students are becoming a high risk group of TB. ...

    Authors: Shaoru Zhang, Wei Ruan, Yingqun Li, Xiangni Wang and Xing Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:132

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an autoimmune disease that typically follows a monophasic course and may affect any age group. The precise population-based incidence of ADEM is still unknown in ...

    Authors: Chang-hui Xiong, Yan Yan, Zhen Liao, Shi-hui Peng, Hai-rong Wen, Yan-xia Zhang, Shu-hua Chen, Jian Li, Hai-ying Chen, Xiao-wu Feng, Hui-qing Yao, Li Huang and Li Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:111

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Food-borne Salmonella infections are a worldwide concern. During a large-scale outbreak, it is important that the public follows preventive advice. To increase compliance, insight in how the public gathers its kn...

    Authors: Lex van Velsen, Desirée JMA Beaujean, Julia EWC van Gemert-Pijnen, Jim E van Steenbergen and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:100

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite the encroaching of endemic malaria to highland-fringe areas above 2000 meters above sea level in Ethiopia, there is limited information on ownership and use of mosquito nets for malaria prevention. Thu...

    Authors: Adugna Woyessa, Wakgari Deressa, Ahmed Ali and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:99

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Poverty is associated with increased risk of active tuberculosis (TB) disease onset, but the relation between household income and TB treatment outcomes is not well understood. The objective of this study was ...

    Authors: Mamuka Djibuti, Eka Mirvelashvili, Nutsa Makharashvili and Matthew J Magee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:88

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Effective screening programs are urgently needed to provide undiagnosed hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals with therapy. This systematic review of characteristics and outcomes of screening programs f...

    Authors: Freke R Zuure, Anouk T Urbanus, Miranda W Langendam, Charles W Helsper, Charlotte HSB van den Berg, Udi Davidovich and Maria Prins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:66

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Flying foxes (megachiroptera) and insectivorous microbats (microchiroptera) are the known reservoirs for a range of recently emerged, highly pathogenic viruses. In Australia there is public health concern rela...

    Authors: Beverley J Paterson, Michelle T Butler, Keith Eastwood, Patrick M Cashman, Alison Jones and David N Durrheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:58

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In France, 2–15% of the population is affected annually by influenza, which causes significant socioeconomic disruption. Nevertheless, despite its importance for policy makers, few published studies have evalu...

    Authors: Maria Laura Silva, Lionel Perrier, Hans-Martin Späth, Isidore Grog, Anne Mosnier, Nathalie Havet and Jean Marie Cohen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:56

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Activities to decrease the burden of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) include intensified TB case-finding (ICF), Isoniaizid (INH) preventive therapy (IPT) and infection control in health-...

    Authors: Amenu Wesen Denegetu and Bethabile Lovely Dolamo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:52

    Content type: Research article

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  17. People with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in low-income countries face many problems during treatment, and cure rates are low. The purpose of the study was (a) to identify and document the problem...

    Authors: Sushil C Baral, Yeshoda Aryal, Rekha Bhattrai, Rebecca King and James N Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:46

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Great East Japan Earthquake of magnitude 9.0 that struck on 11 March 2011 resulted in more than 18000 deaths or cases of missing persons. The large-scale tsunami that followed the earthquake devastated man...

    Authors: Taro Kamigaki, Jin Seino, Kentaro Tohma, Nao Nukiwa-Soma, Kanako Otani and Hitoshi Oshitani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:34

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Prisons continue to fuel tuberculosis (TB) epidemics particularly in settings where access to TB screening and prevention services is limited. Malaysia is a middle-income country with a relatively high incarce...

    Authors: Haider Abdulrazzaq Abed Al-Darraji, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Frederick L Altice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Severe epidemics of enterovirus have occurred frequently in Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Cambodia, and China, involving cases of pulmonary edema, hemorrhage and encephalitis, and an effective vaccine has not b...

    Authors: Ta-Chien Chan, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Rung-Hung Chen, Chwan-Chuen King and Po-Huang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  21. While the numbers of hepatitis-C-virus (HCV) infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) who are co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are on the rise, with vast evidence for sexual tran...

    Authors: Axel J Schmidt, Luis Falcato, Benedikt Zahno, Andrea Burri, Stephan Regenass, Beat Müllhaupt and Philip Bruggmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:3

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Childhood obesity is a recognised public health problem and around 25% of Australian children are overweight or obese. A major contributor is the obesogenic environment which encourages over consumption of ene...

    Authors: Tracy A Comans, Jennifer A Whitty, Andrew P Hills, Elizabeth Kendall, Erika Turkstra, Louisa G Gordon, Josh M Byrnes and Paul A Scuffham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13:1182

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic viral disease transmitted by ixodid tick bites, mainly of Hyalomma spp., or through contact with blood/tissues from infected people or animals. CCHF is endemi...

    Authors: Fenicia M Vescio, Luca Busani, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Cristina Khoury, Luca Avellis, Evgenia Taseva, Giovanni Rezza and Iva Christova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1116

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The national Global Fund-supported malaria (GFM) program in Thailand, which focuses on the household-level implementation of vector control via insecticide-treated nets (ITNs)/long-lasting insecticidal nets (L...

    Authors: Pratana Satitvipawee, Warunnee Wongkhang, Sarika Pattanasin, Penprapai Hoithong and Adisak Bhumiratana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1115

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Tuberculosis is a devastating disease due to its rapid transmission and high rate of mortality. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), located in the North-west, is one of the poorest provinces in China and nat...

    Authors: Yu Rong Yang, Donald P McManus, Darren J Gray, Xiao Ling Wang, Shu Kun Yang, Allen G Ross, Gail M Williams and Magda K Ellis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1110

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In recent years there has been interest in websites as a means of increasing access to free chlamydia tests through the National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) in England. We aimed to describe and evalua...

    Authors: Sarah C Woodhall, Bersabeh Sile, Alireza Talebi, Anthony Nardone and Paula Baraitser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1095

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Malaria mortality is mainly a direct consequence of inadequate and/or delayed diagnosis and case management. Some important control interventions (e.g. long-lasting insecticidal nests) have contributed to redu...

    Authors: Colombe Coffie Comoé, Allassane F Ouattara, Giovanna Raso, Marcel Tanner, Jürg Utzinger and Benjamin G Koudou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1089

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A clear understanding of the social and behavioral risk factors, and knowledge gaps, related to exposure to malaria are essential when developing guidelines and recommendations for more effective disease preve...

    Authors: Kabirul Bashar, H M Al-Amin, Md Selim Reza, Muzahidul Islam, Asaduzzaman and Touhid Uddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Injecting drug users (IDUs) in Taiwan contributed significantly to an HIV/AIDS epidemic in 2005. In addition, studies that identified risk factors of HCV/HIV co-infection among IDUs were sparse. This study aim...

    Authors: Yung-Feng Yen, Muh-Yong Yen, Lien-Wen Su, Lan-Huei Li, Peing Chuang, Xiao-Ru Jiang and Chung-Yeh Deng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  30. People living with HIV/AIDS have substantially greater need for water, sanitation, and hygiene. Encouraging hygiene education for People Living with HIV/AIDS in home based care services and additional support ...

    Authors: Walelegn W Yallew, Mamo W Terefe, Thomas E Herchline, Hardeep R Sharma, Bikes D Bitew, Manay W Kifle, Desalegn M Tetemke, Mekuriaw A Tefera and Mesafint M Adane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1057

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Vaccines are highly effective at preventing infectious diseases in children, and prevention is especially important in resource-limited countries where treatment is difficult to access. In Honduras, the World ...

    Authors: Yuan He, Alan Zarychta, Joseph B Ranz, Mary Carroll, Lori M Singleton, Paria M Wilson and Elizabeth P Schlaudecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1056

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Information regarding dietary nutrient intake during tuberculosis disease is lacking. We established the relationship between disease severity or wasting during pulmonary tuberculosis and nutrient intake.

    Authors: Ezekiel Mupere, Isabel M Parraga, Daniel J Tisch, Harriet K Mayanja and Christopher C Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1050

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The aims of this study were to assess the seroprevalence of vaccine-preventable infections in Emirati medical students, and to provide scientific evidence for implementation of a cost-effective immunization gu...

    Authors: Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Rayhan Hashmey, Ahmed R Alsuwaidi, Fatima Al Maskari, Leena Amiri and Abdul-Kader Souid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1047

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In resource- poor settings, verbal autopsy data are often reviewed by physicians in order to assign the probable cause of death. But in addition to being time and energy consuming, the method is liable to prod...

    Authors: Sebsibe Tadesse and Takele Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1039

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Acute infections in pregnant women may be transmitted to the fetus and cause severe illness. The purpose of this study was to es...

    Authors: Maria Aptouramani, Maria Theodoridou, George Syrogiannopoulos, Andreas Mentis, Vasiliki Papaevangelou, Katerina Gaitana, Alexandros Daponte and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1019

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Travel from countries where viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHF) are endemic has increased significantly over the past decades. In several reported VHF events on airplanes, passenger trace back was initiated but th...

    Authors: Andreas Gilsdorf, Dilys Morgan and Katrin Leitmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1014

    Content type: Correspondence

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  37. Active case detection (ACD) significantly contributes to early detection and treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) cases and is cost effective. This paper eval...

    Authors: M Mamun Huda, Siddhivinayak Hirve, Niyamat Ali Siddiqui, Paritosh Malaviya, Megha Raj Banjara, Pradeep Das, Sangeeta Kansal, Chitra Kumar Gurung, Eva Naznin, Suman Rijal, Byron Arana, Axel Kroeger and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1001

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Female sex workers (FSW) are at increased risk for HIV and other STI due to occupation-related risks and exposures. Long-distance truck drivers have been implicated in the spread of HIV, but less is known abou...

    Authors: Nadine E Chen, Steffanie A Strathdee, Felipe J Uribe-Salas, Thomas L Patterson, Maria Gudelia Rangel, Perth Rosen and Kimberly C Brouwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1000

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Zimbabwe is among the 22 Tuberculosis (TB) high burden countries worldwide and runs a well-established, standardized recording and reporting system on case finding and treatment outcomes. During TB treatment, ...

    Authors: Kudakwashe C Takarinda, Anthony D Harries, Tsitsi Mutasa-Apollo, Charles Sandy and Owen Mugurungi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:981

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Country level comparisons of HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) is challenging for a variety of reasons, including differences in the definition and measurement of the denominator group, recrui...

    Authors: Ulrich Marcus, Ford Hickson, Peter Weatherburn and Axel J Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:978

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Gastrointestinal illnesses (GI) continue to pose a substantial burden in terms of morbidity and economic impact in Canada. We describe the epidemiology of reportable GI in Ontario by characterizing the inciden...

    Authors: Linda Vrbova, Karen Johnson, Yvonne Whitfield and Dean Middleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:970

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Influenza illness in children causes significant clinical and economic burden. Although some European countries have adopted influenza immunisation policies for healthy children, the debate about paediatric in...

    Authors: Evgeniya N Antonova, Catherine E Rycroft, Christopher S Ambrose, Terho Heikkinen and Nicola Principi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:968

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Influenza A viruses that cause highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) also infect humans. In many developing countries such as Ghana, poultry and humans live in close proximity in both the general and milita...

    Authors: John Kofi Odoom, Samuel Bel-Nono, David Rodgers, Prince G Agbenohevi, Courage K Dafeamekpor, Roland M L Sowa, Fenteng Danso, Reuben Tettey, Richard Suu-Ire, Joseph H K Bonney, Ivy A Asante, James Aboagye, Christopher Zaab-Yen Abana, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Karl C Kronmann, Buhari A Oyofo…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:957

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Influenza surveillance systems do not allow the identification of the true burden of illness caused by influenza in the community because they are restricted to consulting cases. A study was conducted to estim...

    Authors: Dieter Van Cauteren, Sophie Vaux, Henriette de Valk, Yann Le Strat, Véronique Vaillant and Daniel Lévy-Bruhl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:947

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Prescription of antimalarial drugs in the absence of malarial disease is a common practice in countries where malaria is endemic. However, unwarranted use of such drugs can cause side effects in some people an...

    Authors: Shafaat Yar Khan, Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad Tahir, Muhammad Khalid Mukhtar, Khawaja Raees Ahmad and Najma Arshad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:941

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Compliance with official recommendations can be assessed by evaluating vaccination coverage (VC) in populations. The main objective of our study was to assess VC of adults against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomye...

    Authors: Dominique Baratin, Corinne Del Signore, Jacques Thierry, Evelyne Caulin and Philippe Vanhems

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:940

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In Germany, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for certain target groups (e.g. persons aged ≥60 years, chronically ill persons, healthcare workers (HCW)). In season 2009/10, vaccinati...

    Authors: Merle M Böhmer, Dietmar Walter, Gerhard Falkenhorst, Stephan Müters, Gérard Krause and Ole Wichmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:938

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The global and within-country epidemiology of cervical cancer exemplifies health inequity. Public health programs may reduce absolute risk but increase inequity; inequity may be further compounded by screening...

    Authors: Natasha S Crowcroft, Jemila S Hamid, Shelley L Deeks and John Frank

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:935

    Content type: Research article

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