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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 14 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    Variety of environmental and individual factors can cause tuberculosis (TB) incidence change. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of TB trends in the period 2004 - 2008 in Taiwan by mon...

    Authors: Chung-Min Liao, Nan-Hung Hsieh, Tang-Luen Huang, Yi-Hsien Cheng, Yi-Jun Lin, Chia-Pin Chio, Szu-Chieh Chen and Min-Pei Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:29

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance examining the incidence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was conducted over 8 years beginning in 2001 in three health regions covering the northern half o...

    Authors: George R Golding, Brian Quinn, Kirsten Bergstrom, Donna Stockdale, Shirley Woods, Mandiangu Nsungu, Barb Brooke, Paul N Levett, Greg Horsman, Ryan McDonald, Brian Szklarczuk, Steve Silcox, Shirley Paton, Mary Carson, Michael R Mulvey and James Irvine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:15

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Effective malaria case-management based on artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and parasitological diagnosis is a major pillar within the 2007-2012 National Malaria Strategic Plan in the Sudan. Three y...

    Authors: Tarig M Abdelgader, Abdalla M Ibrahim, Khalid A Elmardi, Sophie Githinji, Dejan Zurovac, Robert W Snow and Abdisalan M Noor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:11

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggested a high prevalence of STDs including HIV among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in China, but little was known about the prevalence in male patients attending public S...

    Authors: Qian-Qiu Wang, Xiang-Sheng Chen, Yue-Ping Yin, Guo-Jun Liang, Ning Jiang, Ting Dai, Xi-Ping Huan, Bing Yang, Qiao Liu, Yu-Jiao Zhou and Bao-Xi Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:955

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Maintaining high levels of childhood vaccinations is important for public health. Success requires better understanding of parents' perceptions of diseases and consequent decisions about vaccinations, however ...

    Authors: Lyndal Bond and Terry Nolan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:943

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Human infection with influenza A(H1N1) 2009 was first identified in the United States on 15 April 2009 and on 11 June 2009, WHO declared that the rapidly spreading swine-origin influenza virus constituted a gl...

    Authors: Shira C Shafir, Kaitlin A O'Keefe and Kimberley I Shoaf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:922

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  7. Content type: Research article

    India has 2.0 million estimated tuberculosis (TB) cases per annum with an estimated 280,000 TB-related deaths per year. Understanding when in the course of TB treatment patients die is important for determinin...

    Authors: Subbanna Jonnalagada, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah, Srinath Satyanarayana, Shailaja Tetali, G Keshav Chander, Srinivas Rao, Ranganadha Rao, Sundaresh Peri, Raghupathy Anchala and Nanda K Kannuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:921

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Isoniazide preventive therapy (IPT) is given to individuals with latent infection of tuberculosis (TB) to prevent the progression to active disease. One of the primary reasons for failure of IPT is poor adhere...

    Authors: Mesele Mindachew, Amare Deribew, Fasil Tessema and Sibhatu Biadgilign

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:916

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a notifiable disease by the Communicable Disease Control Law in Taiwan. Several measures have been undertaken to improve reporting of TB but the completeness and timeliness of TB notificat...

    Authors: Hsiu-Yun Lo, Shiang-Lin Yang, Pesus Chou, Jen-Hsiang Chuang and Chen-Yuan Chiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:915

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory infections are the leading cause of childhood deaths in Bangladesh. Promoting respiratory hygiene may reduce infection transmission. This formative research explored community perceptions about res...

    Authors: Fosiul A Nizame, Sharifa Nasreen, Leanne Unicomb, Dorothy Southern, Emily S Gurley, Shaila Arman, Mohammad A Kadir, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Stephen P Luby and Peter J Winch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:901

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Physicians of the Spanish Influenza Sentinel Surveillance System report and systematically swab patients attended to their practices for influenza-like illness (ILI). Within the surveillance system, some Spani...

    Authors: Camelia Savulescu, Silvia Jiménez-Jorge, Salvador de Mateo, Francisco Pozo, Inmaculada Casas, Pilar Pérez Breña, Antonia Galmés, Juana M Vanrell, Carolina Rodriguez, Tomas Vega, Ana Martinez, Nuria Torner, Julián M Ramos, Maria C Serrano, Jesús Castilla, Manuel García Cenoz…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:899

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) has increased within the UK and, in response, targets for TB control have been set and interventions recommended. The question was whether these had been implemented and, if so, had they been...

    Authors: Graham H Bothamley, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Heinke Kunst, Gerrit Woltmann, Mark Cotton, Dinesh Saralaya, Mark A Woodhead, John P Watson and Ann LN Chapman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:896

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the health and functional status of older people who either themselves are HIV infected or are affected by HIV and AIDS in the family. This aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Francien Scholten, Joseph Mugisha, Janet Seeley, Eugene Kinyanda, Susan Nakubukwa, Paul Kowal, Nirmala Naidoo, Ties Boerma, Somnath Chatterji and Heiner Grosskurth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:886

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Pneumonia is still the leading cause of death among children in Africa, and pneumococcal serotypes 1 and 5 are frequently isolated from African children with invasive pneumococcal disease below the age of 5 ye...

    Authors: Alassane Dicko, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya, Abdoulbaki I Diallo, Gaoussou Santara, Amadou Barry, Amagana Dolo, Aminata Diallo, Yetunde A Kuyinu, Omolara A Kehinde, Nancy François, Dorota Borys, Juan P Yarzabal, Marta Moreira and Lode Schuerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:882

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In Africa, herbal medicines are often used as primary treatment for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related problems. Concurrent use of traditional herbal medicines (THM) with antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) is...

    Authors: Betty Namuddu, Joan N Kalyango, Charles Karamagi, Peter Mudiope, Samwel Sumba, Henry Kalende, Eric Wobudeya, Brian K Kigozi and Paul Waako

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:855

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Since 1953, through the cooperation of state and local health departments, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has collected information on incident cases of tuberculosis (TB) disease in ...

    Authors: Carla A Winston, Thomas R Navin, Jose E Becerra, Michael P Chen, Lori R Armstrong, Carla Jeffries, Rachel S Yelk Woodruff, Jessie Wing, Angela M Starks, Craig M Hales, J Steve Kammerer, William R Mac Kenzie, Kiren Mitruka, Mark C Miner, Sandy Price, Joseph Scavotto…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:846

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Montreal is Canada's second-largest city, where mean annual tuberculosis (TB) incidence from 1996 to 2007 was 8.9/100,000. The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology of TB among homeless pe...

    Authors: Jason Tan de Bibiana, Carmine Rossi, Paul Rivest, Alice Zwerling, Louise Thibert, Fiona McIntosh, Marcel A Behr, Dick Menzies and Kevin Schwartzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:833

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The most efficient sexual behavior for HIV transmission is unprotected receptive anal intercourse. However, it is unclear what role heterosexual unprotected anal sex is playing in the world's worst HIV epidemi...

    Authors: Seth C Kalichman, Steven D Pinkerton, Michael P Carey, Demetria Cain, Vuyelwa Mehlomakulu, Kate B Carey, Leickness C Simbayi, Kelvin Mwaba and Ofer Harel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:807

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been associated with several disorders of the genital tract, skin and oropharynx. The aims of our study were to evaluate the prevalence of HPV infection in women between 15 and 5...

    Authors: Andrea Piana, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Castiglia, Stefania Pischedda, Clementina Cocuzza, Giampiero Capobianco, Vincenzo Marras, Salvatore Dessole and Elena Muresu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:785

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been neglected in the fight against TB. Despite implementation of Directly Observed Treatment Shortcourse (DOTS) program in public and private hospitals in Indonesia since 2000,...

    Authors: Trisasi Lestari, Ari Probandari, Anna-Karin Hurtig and Adi Utarini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:784

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The HIV epidemic in Sub Saharan Africa has been traditionally assumed to be driven by high risk heterosexual and vertical transmission. However, there is an increasing body of data highlighting the disproporti...

    Authors: Stefan Baral, Earl Burrell, Andrew Scheibe, Ben Brown, Chris Beyrer and Linda-Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:766

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In contrast to seasonal influenza epidemics, where the majority of deaths occur amongst elderly, a considerable part of the 2009 pandemic influenza related deaths concerned relatively young people. In the Neth...

    Authors: Rianne AB van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Rob M Riesmeijer, Ingrid HM Friesema, Adam Meijer, Leslie D Isken, Aura Timen and Marianne AB van der Sande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:758

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  23. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing is a key component of prevention and an entry point into HIV/AIDS treatment and care however, coverage and access to testing remains low in Uganda. Home-Based HIV Counseling and Testing (HBHCT) has...

    Authors: Juliet N Sekandi, Hassard Sempeera, Justin List, Micheal Angel Mugerwa, Stephen Asiimwe, Xiaoping Yin and Christopher C Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:730

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Africa Malaria Report shows that many countries are quite far from reaching the universal coverage targets of 80% coverage by 2010 and maintain it at this level. This paper examines ITN use and the factors...

    Authors: Olorunfemi E Amoran, Idowu O Senbanjo and Chuks E Asagwara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:728

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of Ugandan children who are fully vaccinated has varied over the years. Understanding vaccination behaviour is important for the success of the immunisation programme. This study examined influe...

    Authors: Juliet N Babirye, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Juliet Kiguli, Henry Wamani, Fred Nuwaha and Ingunn MS Engebretsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:723

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Successful treatment of tuberculosis (TB) involves taking anti-tuberculosis drugs for at least six months. Poor adherence to treatment means patients remain infectious for longer, are more likely to relapse or...

    Authors: Bernard N Muture, Margaret N Keraka, Peter K Kimuu, Ephantus W Kabiru, Victor O Ombeka and Francis Oguya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:696

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pertussis continues to challenge medical professionals; recently described increases in incidence may be due to age-cohort effects, vaccine effectiveness, or changes in testing patterns. Toronto, Canada has re...

    Authors: David N Fisman, Patrick Tang, Tanya Hauck, Susan Richardson, Steven J Drews, Donald E Low and Frances Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:694

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The tuberculin skin test (TST) is still the standard test for detecting latent infection by M tuberculosis (LTBI). Given that the Brazilian Health Ministry recommends that the treatment of latent tuberculosis (LT...

    Authors: Líbia CRV Moura, Ricardo AA Ximenes, Heloísa L Ramos, Demócrito B Miranda Filho, Carolina DP Freitas, Rosangela MS Silva, Isabella Coimbra, Joanna d'Arc L Batista, Ulisses R Montarroyos and Maria de Fátima P Militão Albuquerque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:687

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is widely considered an integral component of HIV prevention and treatment strategies, few studies have examined HCT behavior among youth in sub-Saharan Africa-a group...

    Authors: Caroline W Kabiru, Donatien Beguy, Joanna Crichton and Eliya M Zulu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:685

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. A comprehensive approach towards disease control that addresses social factors including stigma is now advocated. Patients wit...

    Authors: Aaron M Kipp, Petchawan Pungrassami, Kittikorn Nilmanat, Sohini Sengupta, Charles Poole, Ronald P Strauss, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:675

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Counselling and testing is important in HIV prevention and care. Majority of people in sub-Saharan Africa do not know their HIV status and are therefore unable to take steps to prevent infection or take up lif...

    Authors: Abdhalah K Ziraba, Nyovani J Madise, James K Kimani, Samuel Oti, George Mgomella, Mwau Matilu and Alex Ezeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:663

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although over a hundred million dollars have been invested in offering free quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to young girls in Ontario, there continues to be very little information about it...

    Authors: Leah M Smith, Paul Brassard, Jeffrey C Kwong, Shelley L Deeks, Anne K Ellis and Linda E Lévesque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:645

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Current occupational and public health guidance does not distinguish between rendering plant workers and cullers/poultry workers in terms of infection risk in their respective roles during highly pathogenic av...

    Authors: Nicol Coetzee, Obaghe Edeghere, Musarrat Afza and Harsh V Duggal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:626

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There is limited uptake of measures to prevent malaria by pregnant women in Nigeria which is often related to the lack of knowledge on Malaria in Pregnancy (MIP) and its effects on mother and foetus. This stud...

    Authors: Petra F Mens, Pauline FD Scheelbeek, Hind Al Atabbi and Ehijie FO Enato

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:610

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  35. Content type: Correspondence

    In Malawi, high case fatality rates in patients with tuberculosis, who were also co-infected with HIV, and high early death rates in people living with HIV during the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (AR...

    Authors: Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah, Rhehab Chimzizi, Felix Salaniponi, Francis Gausi, Henry Kanyerere, Erik J Schouten, Andreas Jahn, Simon D Makombe, Frank M Chimbwandira and James Mpunga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:593

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Syndromic surveillance has been widely adopted as a real-time monitoring tool for timely response to disease outbreaks. During the second wave of the pH1N1 pandemic in Fall 2009, two major universities in Wash...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Larissa May and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:591

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is known to be a major public health problem among women of reproductive age in South East Asia and Africa. In Ethiopia, there are no studies conducted on serum vitamin A status of H...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Kahsay Huruy, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Gashaw Yitayaw, Masayo Nakamori, Nguyen Van Nhien, Assegedech Bekele, Yared Wondimhun, Shigeru Yamamoto and Fusao Ota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:569

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a smear and/...

    Authors: Susan S van Wyk, Anthony J Reid, Anna M Mandalakas, Donald A Enarson, Nulda Beyers, Julie Morrison and Anneke C Hesseling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:544

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The IeDEA West Africa Pediatric Working Group (pWADA) was established in January 2007 to study the care and treatment of HIV-infected children in this region. We describe here the characteristics at antiretrov...

    Authors: Didier K Ekouevi, Alain Azondekon, Fatoumata Dicko, Karen Malateste, Pety Touré, François T Eboua, Kouakou Kouadio, Lorna Renner, Kevin Peterson, François Dabis, Haby Signaté Sy and Valeriane Leroy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:519

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Estonia has experienced an HIV epidemic among intravenous drug users (IDUs) with the highest per capita HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe. We assessed the effects of expanded syringe exchange programs (SEP) in ...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Don C Des Jarlais, Mart Kals, Kristi Rüütel, Katri Abel-Ollo, Ave Talu and Igor Sobolev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:517

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) exists in the breast milk of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) mothers. The authors use a meta-analytic technique to quantify the evidence of an association between breastfeeding and risk of CH...

    Authors: Yingjie Zheng, Yihan Lu, Qi Ye, Yugang Xia, Yueqin Zhou, Qingqing Yao and Shan Wei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:502

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  42. Content type: Research article

    China ranks second among the 22 high burden countries for tuberculosis. A modeling exercise showed that reduction of indoor air pollution could help advance tuberculosis control in China. However, the associat...

    Authors: Xiaohong Kan, Chen-Yuan Chiang, Donald A Enarson, Wenhua Chen, Jianan Yang and Genwang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:498

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, measles vaccination coverage with two doses is not yet sufficient to prevent regional outbreaks. Among the 16 German federal states, vaccination coverage was lowest in Bavaria with 85% in 2008. Fro...

    Authors: Maria Wadl, Anette Siedler, Wolfgang Krämer, Maria E Haindl, Stephan Gebrande, Irene Krenn-Lanzl, Annette Mankertz and Wolfgang Hautmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:474

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Each year rotavirus gastroenteritis results in thousands of paediatric hospitalisations and primary care visits in the Netherlands. While two vaccines against rotavirus are registered, routine immunisation of ...

    Authors: Mark H Rozenbaum, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Carlo Giaquinto, Jan C Wilschut, Eelko Hak and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:462

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite advances in surveillance and prevention, pneumonia and influenza (P&I) remain among the leading causes of mortality in the United States. Elderly adults experience the most severe morbidity from influe...

    Authors: Kenneth KH Chui, Steven A Cohen and Elena N Naumova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:444

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  46. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Malawi is 12.6%, and mother-to-child transmission is a major route of transmission. As PMTCT services have expanded in Malawi in recent years, we sought to determine upta...

    Authors: Monique van Lettow, Richard Bedell, Megan Landes, Lucy Gawa, Stephanie Gatto, Isabell Mayuni, Adrienne K Chan, Lyson Tenthani and Erik Schouten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:426

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Many HIV-positive persons avoid risky sexual practices after testing HIV sero-positive. However, a substantial number continue to engage in risky sexual practices that may further transmit the virus, put them ...

    Authors: Yadeta Dessie, Mulusew Gerbaba, Abdo Bedru and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:422

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  48. Content type: Research article

    In Liverpool, injecting drug users (IDUs), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and UK Africans experience a disproportionate burden of HIV, yet services do not reach out to these groups and late presentations cont...

    Authors: Peter MacPherson, Anu Chawla, Kathy Jones, Emer Coffey, Vida Spaine, Ian Harrison, Pauline Jelliman, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Caryl Beynon and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:419

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Timely reporting of infectious disease cases to public health authorities is essential to effective public health response. To evaluate the timeliness of reporting to the Dutch Municipal Health Services (MHS),...

    Authors: Elisabeth Reijn, Corien M Swaan, Mirjam EE Kretzschmar and Jim E van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:409

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