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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 14 of 14

  1. Content type: Correspondence

    In Malawi, high case fatality rates in patients with tuberculosis, who were also co-infected with HIV, and high early death rates in people living with HIV during the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (AR...

    Authors: Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah, Rhehab Chimzizi, Felix Salaniponi, Francis Gausi, Henry Kanyerere, Erik J Schouten, Andreas Jahn, Simon D Makombe, Frank M Chimbwandira and James Mpunga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:593

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Syndromic surveillance has been widely adopted as a real-time monitoring tool for timely response to disease outbreaks. During the second wave of the pH1N1 pandemic in Fall 2009, two major universities in Wash...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Larissa May and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:591

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is known to be a major public health problem among women of reproductive age in South East Asia and Africa. In Ethiopia, there are no studies conducted on serum vitamin A status of H...

    Authors: Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Kahsay Huruy, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Gashaw Yitayaw, Masayo Nakamori, Nguyen Van Nhien, Assegedech Bekele, Yared Wondimhun, Shigeru Yamamoto and Fusao Ota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:569

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a smear and/...

    Authors: Susan S van Wyk, Anthony J Reid, Anna M Mandalakas, Donald A Enarson, Nulda Beyers, Julie Morrison and Anneke C Hesseling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:544

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The IeDEA West Africa Pediatric Working Group (pWADA) was established in January 2007 to study the care and treatment of HIV-infected children in this region. We describe here the characteristics at antiretrov...

    Authors: Didier K Ekouevi, Alain Azondekon, Fatoumata Dicko, Karen Malateste, Pety Touré, François T Eboua, Kouakou Kouadio, Lorna Renner, Kevin Peterson, François Dabis, Haby Signaté Sy and Valeriane Leroy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:519

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Estonia has experienced an HIV epidemic among intravenous drug users (IDUs) with the highest per capita HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe. We assessed the effects of expanded syringe exchange programs (SEP) in ...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Don C Des Jarlais, Mart Kals, Kristi Rüütel, Katri Abel-Ollo, Ave Talu and Igor Sobolev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:517

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) exists in the breast milk of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) mothers. The authors use a meta-analytic technique to quantify the evidence of an association between breastfeeding and risk of CH...

    Authors: Yingjie Zheng, Yihan Lu, Qi Ye, Yugang Xia, Yueqin Zhou, Qingqing Yao and Shan Wei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:502

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  8. Content type: Research article

    China ranks second among the 22 high burden countries for tuberculosis. A modeling exercise showed that reduction of indoor air pollution could help advance tuberculosis control in China. However, the associat...

    Authors: Xiaohong Kan, Chen-Yuan Chiang, Donald A Enarson, Wenhua Chen, Jianan Yang and Genwang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:498

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, measles vaccination coverage with two doses is not yet sufficient to prevent regional outbreaks. Among the 16 German federal states, vaccination coverage was lowest in Bavaria with 85% in 2008. Fro...

    Authors: Maria Wadl, Anette Siedler, Wolfgang Krämer, Maria E Haindl, Stephan Gebrande, Irene Krenn-Lanzl, Annette Mankertz and Wolfgang Hautmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:474

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Each year rotavirus gastroenteritis results in thousands of paediatric hospitalisations and primary care visits in the Netherlands. While two vaccines against rotavirus are registered, routine immunisation of ...

    Authors: Mark H Rozenbaum, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Carlo Giaquinto, Jan C Wilschut, Eelko Hak and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:462

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite advances in surveillance and prevention, pneumonia and influenza (P&I) remain among the leading causes of mortality in the United States. Elderly adults experience the most severe morbidity from influe...

    Authors: Kenneth KH Chui, Steven A Cohen and Elena N Naumova

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:444

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  12. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Malawi is 12.6%, and mother-to-child transmission is a major route of transmission. As PMTCT services have expanded in Malawi in recent years, we sought to determine upta...

    Authors: Monique van Lettow, Richard Bedell, Megan Landes, Lucy Gawa, Stephanie Gatto, Isabell Mayuni, Adrienne K Chan, Lyson Tenthani and Erik Schouten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:426

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Many HIV-positive persons avoid risky sexual practices after testing HIV sero-positive. However, a substantial number continue to engage in risky sexual practices that may further transmit the virus, put them ...

    Authors: Yadeta Dessie, Mulusew Gerbaba, Abdo Bedru and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:422

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In Liverpool, injecting drug users (IDUs), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and UK Africans experience a disproportionate burden of HIV, yet services do not reach out to these groups and late presentations cont...

    Authors: Peter MacPherson, Anu Chawla, Kathy Jones, Emer Coffey, Vida Spaine, Ian Harrison, Pauline Jelliman, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Caryl Beynon and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:419

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Timely reporting of infectious disease cases to public health authorities is essential to effective public health response. To evaluate the timeliness of reporting to the Dutch Municipal Health Services (MHS),...

    Authors: Elisabeth Reijn, Corien M Swaan, Mirjam EE Kretzschmar and Jim E van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:409

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Timely vaccination is important to induce adequate protective immunity. We measured vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage in three geographical areas in South Africa.

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Debra Jackson, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Wanga Zembe, David Sanders, Halvor Sommerfelt and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:404

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  17. Content type: Commentary

    In July 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued formal revisions of its guidelines on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV. The new guidelines greatly expand eligibility for treatme...

    Authors: Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Anchilla Banegura, Pedro Cahn, Celia DC Christie, Robert Dintruff, Manuel Distel, Catherine Hankins, Nicholas Hellmann, Elly Katabira, Sandra Lehrman, Julio Montaner, Scott Purdon, James F Rooney, Robin Wood and Shirin Heidari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:388

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  18. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevention continues to be problematic in the UK, as it does globally. The UK Department of Health has a strategic direction with greater focus on prevention as part of its World Class Commissioning Progra...

    Authors: Sydney Anstee, Alison Price, Amanda Young, Katharine Barnard, Bob Coates, Simon Fraser and Rebecca Moran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:381

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Data from traditionally circumcising communities show that non-circumcised males and those circumcised in the medical settings are stigmatised. This is because traditional circumcision embodies local notions o...

    Authors: Mwita Wambura, Joseph R Mwanga, Jacklin F Mosha, Gerry Mshana, Frank Mosha and John Changalucha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:373

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the st...

    Authors: Nguyen B Hoa, Chen Wei, Chay Sokun, Jens M Lauritsen and Hans L Rieder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:367

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In Luxembourg, viral hepatitis and HIV infection data in problem drug users (PDUs) are primarily based on self-reporting. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV infections in ever...

    Authors: Nathalie Removille, Alain Origer, Sophie Couffignal, Michel Vaillant, Jean-Claude Schmit and Marie-Lise Lair

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:351

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Depression and diminished health status are common in adults with diabetes, but few studies have investigated associations with socio-economic environment. The objective of this manuscript was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Tiffany L Gary-Webb, Kesha Baptiste-Roberts, Luu Pham, Jacqueline Wesche-Thobaben, Jennifer Patricio, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Arleen F Brown, LaShanda Jones-Corneille and Frederick L Brancati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:349

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The last three decades have seen a series of HIV interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. However, youths still have a mixture of correct and incorrect HIV/AIDS knowledge of transmission routes and prevention stra...

    Authors: Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene and Barthelemy Kuate Defo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:348

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is regarded as one of the major zoonotic infections worldwide. It was first reported in Egypt in 1939 and is now endemic, the predominate species of Brucella in cattle and buffalo in Egypt is B. melit...

    Authors: Hannah R Holt, Mahmoud M Eltholth, Yamen M Hegazy, Wael F El-Tras, Ahmed A Tayel and Javier Guitian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:341

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Interest in the use of emergency department (ED) data by syndromic surveillance systems to detect influenza outbreaks has been growing. Evaluations of these systems generally focus on events during influenza s...

    Authors: Karen Moore, James Black, Stacey Rowe and Lucinda Franklin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:338

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The province of Ontario, Canada initiated mass immunization clinics with adjuvanted pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine in October 2009. Due to the scale of the campaign, temporal associations with Guillain-Barré ...

    Authors: Shelley L Deeks, Gillian H Lim, Mary Anne Simpson, Laura Rosella, Christopher O Mackie, Camille Achonu and Natasha S Crowcroft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:329

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Passively acquired maternal antibodies are necessary to protect infants against circulating measles virus until they reach the eligible age of vaccination. Likewise, high levels of population immunity must be ...

    Authors: Alexandre Manirakiza, Jean Marie Kipela, Stephen Sosler, Régis M'Bary Daba and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:327

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The importance of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections in humans and animals in sub-Saharan Africa at the human-environment-livestock-wildlife interface has recently received increased attention. NTM ...

    Authors: Clovice Kankya, Adrian Muwonge, Berit Djønne, Musso Munyeme, John Opuda-Asibo, Eystein Skjerve, James Oloya, Vigdis Edvardsen and Tone B Johansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:320

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Several FIDELIS projects (Fund for Innovative DOTS Expansion through Local Initiatives to Stop TB) in Tanzania were conducted by the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Programme (NTLP) during the years 2004-200...

    Authors: Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Simon Madland, Martin Ullenes, Donald A Enarson, ID Rusen and Deudatus Kamara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:306

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Since a long time, Italy has maintained a dual system to administer childhood immunisations, that is a certain number of mandatory vaccinations and a number of recommended vaccinations. The study aimed to expl...

    Authors: Maria Anna Coniglio, Marco Platania, Donatella Privitera, Giuseppe Giammanco and Sarina Pignato

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:305

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  31. Content type: Research article

    We compared mortality by cause of death in HIV-infected adults in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy with mortality in the general population in the same age and sex groups.

    Authors: Pablo Aldaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Nerea Egüés, Fátima Irisarri, Yugo Floristan, Julio Sola-Boneta, Víctor Martínez-Artola, Mirian Sagredo and Jesús Castilla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:300

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  32. Content type: Research article

    China has 76.2 million high school and college students, in which the number of reported HIV/AIDS cases is increasing rapidly. Most of these cases are attributed to male-to-male sexual contact. Few studies hav...

    Authors: Jun-Jie Xu, Kathleen Heather Reilly, Chun-Ming Lu, Ning Ma, Min Zhang, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jun-Jie Wang, Ke Yun and Hong Shang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:287

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Several countries have applied the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) rapid assessment tool (RAT) to estimate the burden of Hib disease where resources for hospital- or population-based surveillance are limited....

    Authors: Batmunkh Nyambat, Duc Anh Dang, Hien Anh Nguyen, Trinh Quynh Mai, Manju Rani, Mary PE Slack and Paul E Kilgore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:260

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Understanding transmission dynamics of the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus in various exposure settings and determining whether transmissibility differed from seasonal influenza viruses was a priority for de...

    Authors: Rachel Savage, Michael Whelan, Ian Johnson, Elizabeth Rea, Marie LaFreniere, Laura C Rosella, Freda Lam, Tina Badiani, Anne-Luise Winter, Deborah J Carr, Crystal Frenette, Maureen Horn, Kathleen Dooling, Monali Varia, Anne-Marie Holt, Vidya Sunil…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:234

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  35. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the feasibility of collecting urine samples for testing on genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a population-based survey, and prevalence of this infection among young people aged 18-25 in Croat...

    Authors: Ivana Božičević, Ivana Grgić, Snježana Židovec-Lepej, Jurja-Ivana Čakalo, Sanja Belak-Kovačević, Aleksandar Štulhofer and Josip Begovac

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:230

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Flu vaccination significantly reduces the risk of serious complications like hospitalization and death among community-dwelling older people, therefore vaccination programmes targeting this population group re...

    Authors: Carlos Chiatti, Pamela Barbadoro, Giovanni Lamura, Lucia Pennacchietti, Francesco Di Stanislao, Marcello M D'Errico and Emilia Prospero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:207

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  37. Content type: Correspondence

    Health officials face particular challenges in communicating with the public about emerging infectious diseases of unknown severity such as the 2009 H1N1(swine 'flu) pandemic (pH1N1). Statements intended to cr...

    Authors: Andrea S Fogarty, Kate Holland, Michelle Imison, R Warwick Blood, Simon Chapman and Simon Holding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:181

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Mycobacterium bovis (Mb) predominantly causes cervical TB lymphadenitis (TBL). Raw milk is considered the main source of Mb infection and raw milk is a major food source for Afar pastoralists. The ...

    Authors: Mengistu Legesse, Gobena Ameni, Gezahegne Mamo, Girmay Medhin, Gunnar Bjune and Fekadu Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:157

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Recommendations about precautionary behaviors are a key part of public health responses to infectious disease threats such as the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Individuals' interpretation of recommendations, willingness...

    Authors: Marc T Kiviniemi, Pavani K Ram, Lynn T Kozlowski and Kaitlin M Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:152

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Patients with tuberculosis require retreatment if they fail or default from initial treatment or if they relapse following initial treatment success. Outcomes among patients receiving a standard World Health O...

    Authors: Kelly E Dooley, Ouafae Lahlou, Iraqi Ghali, Janine Knudsen, My Driss Elmessaoudi, Imad Cherkaoui and Rajae El Aouad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:140

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In June 2009, the World Health Organization declared an A(H1N1) influenza pandemic. In October 2009, the largest vaccination campaign in Canadian history began. The aim of this study was to document paediatric...

    Authors: Eve Dubé, Fannie Defay, Vladimir Gilca, Julie A Bettinger, Chantal Sauvageau, France Lavoie, François D Boucher, Shelly McNeil, Ian Gemmill and Nicole Boulianne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:128

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Adherence is a necessary part of successful antiretroviral treatment (ART). We assessed risk factors for incomplete adherence among a cohort of HIV-infected women initiating ART and examined associations betwe...

    Authors: Ziad El-Khatib, Anna Mia Ekstrom, Ashraf Coovadia, Elaine J Abrams, Max Petzold, David Katzenstein, Lynn Morris and Louise Kuhn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:88

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  43. Content type: Debate

    More than a year after an influenza pandemic was declared in June 2009, the World Health Organization declared the pandemic to be over. Evaluations of the pandemic response are beginning to appear in the publi...

    Authors: Heath A Kelly, Patricia C Priest, Geoffry N Mercer and Gary K Dowse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:78

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are a major cause of hospitalisation in young children. Many factors can lead to increased risk of ALRI in children and predispose a child to hospitalisation, but popu...

    Authors: Hannah C Moore, Nicholas de Klerk, Peter Richmond and Deborah Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:757

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