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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 16

  1. Content type: Research article

    Source case investigation, for children with tuberculosis (TB), is conducted to establish the source of infection and to minimize the extent of on-going transmission from infectious persons in the community. T...

    Authors: Madeeha Laghari, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Amer Hayat Khan, Bandeh Ali Talpur, Zohra Bhatti and Naheed Memon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1274

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A clear understanding of the epidemiology of malaria and dengue co-infection is essential for informed decisions on appropriate control strategies for dengue and malaria. This systematic review synthesized evi...

    Authors: Manas Kotepui and Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1148

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The cholera outbreak in 2018 in Nigeria reaffirms its public health threat to the country. Evidence on the current epidemiology of cholera required for the design and implementation of appropriate intervention...

    Authors: Kelly Osezele Elimian, Anwar Musah, Somto Mezue, Oyeronke Oyebanji, Sebastian Yennan, Arisekola Jinadu, Nanpring Williams, Adesola Ogunleye, Ibrahima Soce Fall, Michel Yao, Womi-Eteng Eteng, Patrick Abok, Michael Popoola, Martin Chukwuji, Linda Haj Omar, Eme Ekeng…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1264

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mathematical and statistical models are used to project the future time course of infectious disease epidemics and the expected future burden on health care systems and economies. Influenza is a particularly i...

    Authors: Michael Li, Benjamin M. Bolker, Jonathan Dushoff, Junling Ma and David J.D. Earn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1237

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Globally childhood diarrhoeal diseases continue to be the second leading cause of death, while in Ethiopia it kills half-million under-five children each year. Sanitation, unsafe water and personal hygiene are...

    Authors: Behailu Melese, Wondimagegn Paulos, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn and Temesgen Bati Gelgelu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1235

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a widely used tool that has been proven to be effective in the prevention and control of malaria in malaria endemic countries. However, usage varies among households and can...

    Authors: Charles Njumkeng, Tobias O. Apinjoh, Judith K. Anchang-Kimbi, Elvis T. Amin, Elvis A. Tanue, Clarisse Njua-Yafi and Eric A. Achidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1216

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in high-risk groups is an effective strategy for TB control and elimination in low incidence settings. A nine-month course of daily isoniazid (INH) has been th...

    Authors: Marie Nancy Séraphin, HsiaoChu Hsu, Helena J. Chapman, Joanne L. de Andrade Bezerra, Lori Johnston, Yang Yang and Michael Lauzardo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1214

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal worm infection adversely impacted child health and was one of the China’s largest health burdens. However, yet little was known about associations between intestinal worm infection and malnutrition ...

    Authors: Ming Guan and Bingxue Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1204

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are conservatively estimated to be less than 1% of the Nigerian population yet nationally account for about 20% of new HIV infection. We estimated the trend in HIV prevalence an...

    Authors: George I.E Eluwa, Sylvia B. Adebajo, Titilope Eluwa, Obinna Ogbanufe, Oluwafunke Ilesanmi and Charles Nzelu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1201

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, despite considerable improvement of measles vaccination, measles outbreaks is occurring in most parts of the country. Understanding the neighborhood variation in childhood measles vaccination is c...

    Authors: Tesfahun Taddege Geremew, Lemma Derseh Gezie and Ayenew Negesse Abejie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1194

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite the extensive implementation of control measures and achievements in morbidity reductions, malaria continues to contribute to substantial morbidity and mortality in children under-five. Innovative appr...

    Authors: Aliyu Mohammed, Princess Ruhama Acheampong, Easmon Otupiri, Francis Adjei Osei, Roderick Larson-Reindorf and Ellis Owusu-Dabo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1193

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Tungiasis is a relatively frequent ectoparasitosis in low-income settings, yet its morbidity and social impact are still not well understood due to the scarcity of information. In Rwanda, data on the magnitude...

    Authors: Jerome Nsanzimana, Simon Karanja, Moses Kayongo, Naphtal Nyirimanzi, Hyacinthe Umuhoza, Anthère Murangwa, Raymond Muganga and Aimable Musafili

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1192

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem in many developing countries including Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Patient compliance with anti-tuberculosis treatment is a determining factor ...

    Authors: Abdullah Jaber AlSahafi, Hassan Bin Usman Shah, Mashal Mesfer AlSayali, Najlaa Mandoura, Mohammed Assiri, Emad Lafi Almohammadi, Alaa Khalawi, Abdullah AlGarni, Maimona Kamal Filemban, Adel Khaled AlOtaibe, Abdulaziz W. A. AlFaifi and Fatima AlGarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1168

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Measles continues to circulate in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the country suffered from several important outbreaks over the last 5 years. Despite a large outbreak starting in the former province of ...

    Authors: Patrick Keating, Antonio Isidro Carrion Martin, Alexandre Blake, Pauline Lechevalier, Florent Uzzeni, Etienne Gignoux, Chibuzo Okonta, Céline Langendorf, Sheilagh Smit, Steve Ahuka, Melinda Suchard, Elizabeth Pukuta, Marie-Amélie Degail, Lisa Hansen, Jerry Kibanza-Kyungu, Iza Ciglenecki…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1153

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidiosis is a pathological condition caused by infection with coccidian protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium. Cryptosporidium is one of the most common causes of childhood diarrhea in developing countries...

    Authors: Atsimbom Neville Tombang, Ngwa Fabrice Ambe, Tanyi Pride Bobga, Claude Ngwayu Nkfusai, Ngandeu Mongoue Collins, Sangwe Bertrand Ngwa, Ngwene Hycentha Diengou and Samuel Nambile Cumber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1144

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The association between HIV and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been reported in several studies. However, there is paucity of information on the prevalence of subclinical disease as well as its associated ri...

    Authors: Chidozie Elochukwu Agu, Ikenna Kingsley Uchendu, Augusta Chinyere Nsonwu, Chukwugozie Nwachukwu Okwuosa and Peter Uwadiegwu Achukwu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1143

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rates of sepsis/septicemia hospitalization in the US have risen significantly during recent years. Antibiotic resistance and use may contribute to those rates through various mechanisms, including lack of clea...

    Authors: Edward Goldstein, Scott W. Olesen, Zeynal Karaca, Claudia A. Steiner, Cecile Viboud and Marc Lipsitch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1138

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Retention in care is critical for children living with HIV taking antiretroviral therapy (ART). Loss to follow-up (LTFU) is high in HIV treatment programs in resource limited settings. We estimated the cumulat...

    Authors: Jane N. Mutanga, Simon Mutembo, Amara E. Ezeamama, Xiao Song, Robert C. Fubisha, Kunda Mutesu-Kapembwa, Derrick Sialondwe, Brenda Simuchembu, Jelita Chinyonga, Philip E. Thuma and Christopher C. Whalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1120

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Lyme disease is a tick-borne disease of increasing global importance. There is scant information on Lyme disease patient demographics in England and Wales, and how they interact with the National Health Servic...

    Authors: John S. P. Tulloch, Valerie Decraene, Rob M. Christley, Alan D. Radford, Jenny C. Warner and Roberto Vivancos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:931

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Comprehensive, age-stratified dengue surveillance data are unavailable from India and many more dengue cases occur than are reported. Additional information on dengue transmission dynamics can inform understan...

    Authors: Amit Bhavsar, Clarence C. Tam, Suneela Garg, Guru Rajesh Jammy, Anne-Frieda Taurel, Sher-Ney Chong and Joshua Nealon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1116

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Seasonal influenza contributes substantially to the burden of communicable diseases in Europe, especially among paediatric populations and the elderly. The aim of the present study was to estimate the incidenc...

    Authors: Stefan Scholz, Oliver Damm, Udo Schneider, Bernhard Ultsch, Ole Wichmann and Wolfgang Greiner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1090

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Monitoring seasonal influenza epidemics is the corner stone to epidemiological surveillance of acute respiratory virus infections worldwide.

    Authors: Núria Torner, Luca Basile, Ana Martínez, Cristina Rius, Pere Godoy, Mireia Jané and Ángela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1089

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Soil-transmitted helminth infection (STH) is one of the neglected tropical disease that affects approximately 2 billion people globally. School children represent the age group that is most commonly infected w...

    Authors: Ayodhia Pitaloka Pasaribu, Anggraini Alam, Krisnarta Sembiring, Syahril Pasaribu and Djatnika Setiabudi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1066

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Age cohort screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) might be an effective strategy if the majority of undiagnosed cases are concentrated in a particular age group. The objective of this study was to determine HCV...

    Authors: Karen K. Kyuregyan, Elena Yu. Malinnikova, Natalia V. Soboleva, Olga V. Isaeva, Anastasia A. Karlsen, Vera S. Kichatova, Ilya A. Potemkin, Elena V. Schibrik, Olga A. Gadjieva, Boris A. Bashiryan, Natalya N. Lebedeva, Igor L. Serkov, Anna Yankina, Claudio Galli and Mikhail I. Mikhailov

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1038

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Many tropical countries are currently experiencing dengue (DEN), chikungunya (CHIK) and also more recently Zika (ZIKA) epidemics (particularly in Latin America). Although the risk of transmission and spread of...

    Authors: Marion Le Tyrant, Daniel Bley, Catherine Leport, Serge Alfandari and Jean-François Guégan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1014

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cannabis has been identified as a possible risk factor in some tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks. As the most widely used (largely) illegal substance in Western countries this may be an important public health conce...

    Authors: Clare E. French, Caroline M. Coope, Luke A. McGuinness, Charles R. Beck, Sophie Newitt, Lauren Ahyow, Matt Hickman and Isabel Oliver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1006

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Chronic hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection affects 80–100 million people in sub-Saharan Africa and accounts for an estimated 650,000 deaths annually. The prevalence of active hepatitis B virus infection among w...

    Authors: Paul Semakula Katamba, David Mukunya, Doris Kwesiga and Victoria Nankabirwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1004

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is the highest incidence of infectious diseases in China. Shantou is one of the most infected cities. Therefore, it is necessary for us to understand the epidemic characteri...

    Authors: Haoyuan Zhang, Lianpeng Yang, Liping Li, Guangxing Xu and Xubin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:998

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Gauteng Province has the second lowest tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in South Africa but the greatest proportion of TB/HIV co-infection, with 68% of TB patients estimated to have HIV. TB treatment outcomes ...

    Authors: Kaitlyn M. Berry, Carly A. Rodriguez, Rebecca H. Berhanu, Nazir Ismail, Lindiwe Mvusi, Lawrence Long and Denise Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:973

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Dengue fever is the world’s fastest spreading mosquito borne viral infection. It is prevalent throughout both subtropical and tropical region, and affects over 128 countries. Dengue virus (DENV) infection pose...

    Authors: Salomon Bonsi Tchuandom, Jules Colince Tchadji, Thibau Flaurant Tchouangueu, Monique Zambo Biloa, Etienne Philémon Atabonkeng, Marcelle Irina Miste Fumba, Eithel Sylvian Massom, Godwin Nchinda and Jules-Roger Kuiate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:958

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite advancement in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) services, the rate of MTCT of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa is still high. This is partly due to low retention of HIV positive mothers in H...

    Authors: Enosk Mirembe Masereka, Tom Denis Ngabirano, Charles Peter Osingada, Christine Sekaggya Wiltshire, Barbara Castelnuovo and Agnes N. Kiragga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:950

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Community-driven projects that aim to address public concerns about health risks from H. pylori infection in Indigenous Arctic communities (estimated H. pylori prevalence = 64%) show frequent failure of treatment...

    Authors: Kathleen Williams, Amy Colquhoun, Rachel Munday and Karen J. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:949

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Various neglected tropical diseases show spatially changing seasonality at small areas. This phenomenon has received little scientific attention so far. Our study contributes to advancing the understanding of ...

    Authors: Phuong N. Truong, Thuong Vu Nguyen, Thao Thi Thanh Nguyen and Alfred Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:937

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is a major public health problem in the tropics and sub-tropics, but the disease is less known to non-dengue-endemic countries including in Northeast Asia. However, an unexpected dengue outbreak occurre...

    Authors: Jung-Seok Lee and Andrew Farlow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:934

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Annual seasonal influenza vaccination (SIV) is recommended for people with diabetes, but their SIV rates remain far below public health targets. We aimed to identify temporal trajectories of SIV uptake over a ...

    Authors: Aurélie Bocquier, Sébastien Cortaredona, Lisa Fressard, Pierre Loulergue, Jocelyn Raude, Ariane Sultan, Florence Galtier and Pierre Verger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:918

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The first Canadian outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was identified in 2004 in Calgary, Alberta. Using a novel model of MRSA population-based surveillance, soc...

    Authors: Victoria C. Gill, Irene Ma, Maggie Guo, Dan B. Gregson, Christopher Naugler and Deirdre L. Church

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:914

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  37. Content type: Research article

    To determine the treatment behaviors among a community-based cohort of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected persons and to examine the disease progression among non-antiviral-treated HBV-infected cases aft...

    Authors: Hui Zheng, Guomin Zhang, Fuzhen Wang, Zundong Yin, Ning Miao, Xiaojin Sun, Xiaofeng Liang and Fuqiang Cui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:901

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Influenza generates a significant societal impact on morbidity, mortality, and associated costs. The study objective was to identify factors associated with influenza-like-illness (ILI) episodes during seasona...

    Authors: Caroline Guerrisi, Marie Ecollan, Cécile Souty, Louise Rossignol, Clément Turbelin, Marion Debin, Thomas Goronflot, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Thomas Hanslik, Vittoria Colizza and Thierry Blanchon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:879

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a disease known worldwide for its vulnerability factors, magnitude and mortality. The objective of the study was to analyze the sp...

    Authors: Shirley Verônica Melo Almeida Lima, Allan Dantas dos Santos, Andrezza Marques Duque, Marco Aurélio de Oliveira Goes, Marcus Valerius da Silva Peixoto, Damião da Conceição Araújo, Caíque Jordan Nunes Ribeiro, Márcio Bezerra Santos, Karina Conceição Gomes Machado de Araújo and Marco Antônio Prado Nunes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:873

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  40. Content type: Research article

    There are few data available about childhood tuberculosis (TB) in rural hospitals in low-income countries. We assessed differences in epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes in children with TB ...

    Authors: José M. Ramos, Mario Pérez-Butragueño, Abraham Tesfamariam, Francisco Reyes, Gebre Tiziano, Jacob Endirays, Seble Balcha, Tamasghen Elala, Dejene Biru, Belén Comeche and Miguel Górgolas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:856

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  41. Content type: Debate

    Lyme disease is emerging in Canada due to expansion of the range of the tick vector Ixodes scapularis from the United States. National surveillance for human Lyme disease cases began in Canada in 2009. Reported n...

    Authors: N. H. Ogden, C. Bouchard, J. Badcock, M. A. Drebot, S. P. Elias, T. F. Hatchette, J. K. Koffi, P. A. Leighton, L. R. Lindsay, C. B. Lubelczyk, A. S. Peregrine, R. P. Smith and D. Webster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:849

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Varicella is a highly contagious childhood disease. Generally benign, serious complications necessitating antibiotic use may occur. The objective of this study was to characterize the rate, appropriateness and...

    Authors: Lara J. Wolfson, Marìa Esther Castillo, Norberto Giglio, Zsófia Mészner, Zsuzsanna Molnár, Mirella Vàzquez, Jacek Wysocki, Alexandra Altland, Barbara J. Kuter, Melissa Stutz, Emmanouil Rampakakis and Craig S. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:826

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Delays in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis are a major set-back to global tuberculosis control. There is currently no global evidence on the average delays thus, the most important contributor...

    Authors: Segun Bello, Rotimi Felix Afolabi, David Taiwo Ajayi, Tarang Sharma, Deborah Olamiposi Owoeye, Omobola Oduyoye and Joseph Jasanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:820

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  44. Content type: Debate

    Malaria and Lyme disease were the largest vector-borne epidemics in recent US history. Malaria, a mosquito-borne disease with intense transmission, had higher morbidity and mortality, whereas Lyme and other ti...

    Authors: Ilia Rochlin, Dominick V. Ninivaggi and Jorge L. Benach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:804

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia has been scaled up since the introduction of the service in 2003. Free ART was launched in 2005, resulting in fewer new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) inf...

    Authors: Getinet Abera Lenjiso, Berhanu Seyoum Endale and Yadeta Dessie Bacha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:771

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus that can produce serious public health consequences. In 2016, ZIKV caused an epidemic in many countries around the world, including the United States. ...

    Authors: Shahir Masri, Jianfeng Jia, Chen Li, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Guiyun Yan and Jun Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:761

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Scabies occurs worldwide with a prevalence between 0.3 and 46.0%. In Ghana, even though a 5.1% proportion of scabies was reported in a retrospective review of skin diseases at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, t...

    Authors: Basil Benduri Kaburi, Donne Kofi Ameme, George Adu-Asumah, Dora Dadzie, Emmanuel Kwame Tender, Smith Vincent Addeh, Theophilus Aryee, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Samuel Oko Sackey, Fredrick Wurapa, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:746

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north have elevated H. pylori (Hp) prevalence and stomach cancer incidence. We aimed to describe the Hp-associated disease burden among western Canadian Arctic partic...

    Authors: Katharine Fagan-Garcia, Janis Geary, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Laura McAlpine, Emily Walker, Amy Colquhoun, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Safwat Girgis, Billy Archie, Brendan Hanley, Andre Corriveau, John Morse, Rachel Munday and Karen J. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:730

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