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Infectious disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. A low prevalence of HIV in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients has been reported in the literature though mechanisms for this are not understood.

    Authors: P. F. Blatyta, S. Kelly, T. T. Goncalez, A. B. Carneiro-Proietti, T. Salomon, C. Miranda, E. Sabino, L. Preiss, C. Maximo, P. Loureiro, B. Custer and C. de Almeida-Neto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1606

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global health problem. The epidemic is very serious in sub-Saharan Africa with approximately 70% of the global cases. The disease particularly affects youth, a...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew Abate, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Melese Abate Reta, Gillian H. Ice and Zelalem T. Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1603

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In the UK certain groups with pre-disposing conditions are eligible for vaccination with the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). Uptake of the vaccine in these individuals has not been reported for 10...

    Authors: Ian Matthews, Xiaoyan Lu, Qian Xia, Wynona Black and Bayad Nozad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Syphilis and gonorrhea reached an all-time high in 2018. The resurgence of syphilis and gonorrhea requires innovative methods of sexual contact tracing that encourage disclosure of same-sex sexual contacts tha...

    Authors: Janet E. Rosenbaum, Jacky Jennings, Jonathan M. Ellen, Laurel M. Borkovic, Jo-Ann Scott, Charleen Wylie and Anne Rompalo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1526

    Content type: Research article

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  5. People with occupations that require them to spend time working outdoors in suitable tick habitats are predicted to be at an increased risk for tick-borne diseases (TBDs). However, few studies have assessed th...

    Authors: Anna Schotthoefer, Kathryn Stinebaugh, Michael Martin and Claudia Munoz-Zanzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1575

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a major global public health challenge. This study aimed to investigate on how people perceive the COVID-19 outbreak using the components of the Ext...

    Authors: Leila Jahangiry, Fatemeh Bakhtari, Zahara Sohrabi, Parvin Reihani, Sirous Samei, Koen Ponnet and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1571

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Individuals living in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas are often at risk of having other communicable diseases simultaneously. This usually creates diagnostic difficulties leading to misdiagnosis and overloo...

    Authors: Tariro L. Mduluza-Jokonya, Thajasvarie Naicker, Luxwell Jokonya, Herald Midzi, Arthur Vengesai, Maritha Kasambala, Emilia Choto, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Elopy Sibanda, Francisca Mutapi and Takafira Mduluza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1570

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Early diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) are the mainstay of global and national TB control efforts. However, the gap between expected and reported cases persists for various reasons attributable to ...

    Authors: Adedapo Olufemi Bashorun, Christopher Linda, Semeeh Omoleke, Lindsay Kendall, Simon D. Donkor, Ma-Ansu Kinteh, Baba Danso, Lamin Leigh, Sheriff Kandeh, Umberto D’Alessandro and Ifedayo Morayo O. Adetifa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1566

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The individual infectiousness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), quantified by the number of secondary cases of a typical index case, is conventionally modelled by a negative-binomial (NB) distribution. B...

    Authors: Daihai He, Shi Zhao, Xiaoke Xu, Qiangying Lin, Zian Zhuang, Peihua Cao, Maggie H. Wang, Yijun Lou, Li Xiao, Ye Wu and Lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1558

    Content type: Correspondence

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  10. Spatial visualization of HIV surveillance data could improve the planning of programs to address the HIV epidemic. The objectives of the study were to describe the characteristics and the spatial distribution ...

    Authors: Cristina Agustí, Núria Font-Casaseca, Francesc Belvis, Mireia Julià, Núria Vives, Alexandra Montoliu, Juan M. Pericàs, Jordi Casabona and Joan Benach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1533

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study was intended to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 clusters and the severity distribution of clinical symptoms of involved cases in Sichuan Province, so as to provide inform...

    Authors: Suling Mao, Ting Huang, Heng Yuan, Min Li, Xiaomei Huang, Changxiao Yang, Xingyu Zhou, Xiuwei Cheng, Qian Su and Xianping Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1525

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The prevalence of otitis media (OM) and related hearing loss has remained persistently high among some groups of Australian Aboriginal children who are also reported to have poor academic outcomes. The general...

    Authors: Jiunn-Yih Su, Steven Guthridge, Vincent Yaofeng He, Damien Howard and Amanda Jane Leach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1521

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To evaluate the association between crowding and transmission of viral respiratory infectious diseases, we investigated the change in transmission patterns of influenza and COVID-19 before and after a mass gat...

    Authors: Qingui Chen, Myrthe M. A. Toorop, Mark G. J. de Boer, Frits R. Rosendaal and Willem M. Lijfering

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1516

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Dengue is rapidly expanding climate-sensitive mosquito-borne disease worldwide. Outbreaks of dengue occur in various parts of India as well but there is no tool to provide early warning. The current study was,...

    Authors: Malay Pramanik, Poonam Singh, Gaurav Kumar, V. P. Ojha and Ramesh C. Dhiman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1498

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Religious pilgrimages are among the anthropogenic factors known to be associated with the transmission of diarrheal diseases, such as cholera. This ecological study aimed to describe the evolution of cholera a...

    Authors: Kenny Moise, Aude Mélody Achille, Doudou Batumbo, Bertiny Bourdeau, Stanislas Rebaudet, Gérald Lerebours, Jean Hugues Henrys and Christian Raccurt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1490

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In 2015, antimicrobial resistance was identified as a public health priority for the South-Western Indian Ocean (SWIO) (i.e. Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte (France), Reunion Island (France), and Seych...

    Authors: Noellie Gay, Nathalie Lugagne, Guillaume Miltgen, Olivier Belmonte and Eric Cardinale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1488

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The state of Ceará (Northeast Brazil) has shown a high incidence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), and most of the cases that were diagnosed during the epidemic originated from the capital Fortaleza. Monitori...

    Authors: Jose Ueleres Braga, Alberto Novaes Ramos Jr, Anderson Fuentes Ferreira, Victor Macêdo Lacerda, Renan Monteiro Carioca Freire and Bruno Vieira Bertoncini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1486

    Content type: Research article

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  18. As the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to evolve, physicians must be equipped with adequate knowledge, skills on the prevention measures, and confidence in diagnosing and treating COVID-...

    Authors: Linda Abou-Abbas, Zeina Nasser, Youssef Fares, Mohammad Chahrour, Rana El Haidari and Rola Atoui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1474

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The winter pressure often experienced by NHS hospitals in England is considerably contributed to by severe cases of seasonal influenza resulting in hospitalisation. The prevention planning and commissioning of...

    Authors: Joe W. E. Moss, Craig Davidson, Richard Mattock, Ilana Gibbons, Stuart Mealing and Stuart Carroll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1464

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Female sex workers (FSWs) are amongst the most susceptible groups to acquire human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and consequently, to develop cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer. This is th...

    Authors: Mohammad Farahmand, Mohsen Moghoofei, Abolfazl Dorost, Saeedeh Abbasi, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari, Seyed Jalal Kiani and Ahmad Tavakoli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1455

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In Los Angeles County, the tuberculosis (TB) disease incidence rate is seven times higher among non-U.S.-born persons than U.S.-born persons and varies by country of birth. But translating these findings into ...

    Authors: Adam Readhead, Alicia H. Chang, Jo Kay Ghosh, Frank Sorvillo, Julie Higashi and Roger Detels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1434

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Influenza is an acute viral respiratory tract infection caused by influenza virus and transmitted from person to person. Though usually seasonal in temperate climates, influenza occurs throughout the year in t...

    Authors: Donne Kofi Ameme, Dora Dadzie, Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe, Elijah Paa Edu-Quansah, Basil Benduri Kaburi, Oxygen Wullar, Patrick Amo-Mensah and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1423

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Diseases Surveillance is a continuous process of data collection, analysis interpretation and dissemination of information for swift public health action. Recent advances in health informatics have led to the ...

    Authors: Fekri Dureab, Kamran Ahmed, Claudia Beiersmann, Claire J. Standley, Ali Alwaleedi and Albrecht Jahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1422

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Tuberculosis (TB) patients in Uganda incur large costs related to the illness, and while seeking and receiving health care. Such costs create access and adherence barriers which affect health outcomes and incr...

    Authors: Winters Muttamba, Racheal Tumwebaze, Levicatus Mugenyi, Charles Batte, Rogers Sekibira, Abel Nkolo, Achilles Katamba, Simon Kasasa, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stavia Turyahabwe, Frank Mugabe, Kaggwa Mugagga, Peter Lochoro, Seyoum Dejene, Estella Birabwa, Claudio Marra…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1409

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In December 2016, three cases of serogroup B invasive meningococcal disease, including two children from the same middle school (11 to 15 years old pupils), occurred in the department (administrative district)...

    Authors: Mathilde Pivette, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Anne-Sophie Barret, Elisabeth Polard, Marie-Bernadette Hautier, Jean-Benoît Dufour, Marlène Faisant, Lisa Antoinette King, Denise Antona, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Hélène Tillaut, Alexandre Scanff, Camille Morival, José-Hector Aranda Grau, Pierre Guillaumot and Bertrand Gagnière

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1382

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Nitrite inhalant use is very common among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. However, there is lack of national representative data on use among Chinese MSM, and the mechanism of how nitrite inhalant us...

    Authors: Yonghui Zhang, Rantong Bao, Sequoia I. Leuba, Jiaming Li, Hongyi Wang, Jing Zhang, Zhenxing Chu, Wenqing Geng, Yongjun Jiang and Junjie Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1378

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Measuring progress towards the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90–90–90 treatment targets is key to assessing progress towards turning the HIV epidemic tide. In 2017, the UNAIDS model estim...

    Authors: Edmore Marinda, Leickness Simbayi, Khangelani Zuma, Nompumelelo Zungu, Sizulu Moyo, Lwando Kondlo, Sean Jooste, Patrick Nadol, Ehimario Igumbor, Cheryl Dietrich and Melissa Briggs-Hagen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1375

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Influenza epidemics significantly weight on the Brazilian healthcare system and its society. Public health authorities have progressively expanded recommendations for vaccination against influenza, particularl...

    Authors: Pascal Crépey, Louis Boiron, Rafael Rodrigo Araujo, Juan Guillermo Lopez, Audrey Petitjean and Expedito José de Albuquerque Luna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1374

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Chlamydia screening in high schools offers a way to reach adolescents outside of a traditional clinic setting. Using transmission dynamic modeling, we examined the potential impact of high-school-based chlamyd...

    Authors: Minttu M. Rönn, Richard Dunville, Li Yan Wang, Meghan Bellerose, Yelena Malyuta, Nicolas A. Menzies, Maria Aslam, Felicia Lewis, Cherie Walker-Baban, Lenore Asbel, Sarah Parchem, Lisa Masinter, Ernestina Perez, Tom L. Gift, Katherine Hsu, Lisa C. Barrios…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1363

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There are multiple obstacles encountered by immigrants attempting to engage hepatitis C virus (HCV) care and treatment. We evaluated the diversity and treatment outcomes of HCV-infected immigrants evaluated fo...

    Authors: Curtis L. Cooper, Daniel Read, Marie-Louise Vachon, Brian Conway, Alexander Wong, Alnoor Ramji, Sergio Borgia, Ed Tam, Lisa Barrett, Dan Smyth, Jordan J. Feld and Sam Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1345

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) is required to achieve HIV viral load suppression. However, children under 5 years in Jinja, Uganda, had been shown to have low HIV suppression rates. This study aimed...

    Authors: Jacquellyn Nambi Ssanyu, Mary Nakafeero and Fred Nuwaha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1319

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pathogen genomics is increasingly being translated from the research setting into the activities of public health professionals operating at different levels. This survey aims to appraise the literacy level an...

    Authors: N. Van Goethem, M. J. Struelens, S. C. J. De Keersmaecker, N. H. C. Roosens, A. Robert, S. Quoilin, H. Van Oyen and B. Devleesschauwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1318

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Factory workers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are vulnerable to HIV transmission. Interventions are needed to prevent HIV in this population. We systematically reviewed published literature on th...

    Authors: Dahui Chen, Ganfeng Luo, Xiaojun Meng, Zixin Wang, Bolin Cao, Tanwei Yuan, Yu Xie, Tian Hu, Yaqi Chen, Wujian Ke, Zhenyu Wang, Caijun Sun, Kai Deng, Yong Cai, Kechun Zhang and Huachun Zou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1310

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Though highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been available for more than a decade in Ethiopia, information regarding mortality rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive children after an...

    Authors: Animut Alebel, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Mengistu Mekonnen Kelkay, Pammla Petrucka, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Fasil Wagnew, Getnet Asmare, Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Daniel Bekele Ketema, Getnet Gedif, Belisty Temesgen, Yitbarek Tenaw Hibstie, Mamaru Wubale Melkamu and Setegn Eshetie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1303

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Standardized mortality surveillance data, capable of detecting variations in total mortality at population level and not only among the infected, provide an unbiased insight into the impact of epidemics, like ...

    Authors: Paola Michelozzi, Francesca de’Donato, Matteo Scortichini, Patrizio Pezzotti, Massimo Stafoggia, Manuela De Sario, Giuseppe Costa, Fiammetta Noccioli, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Moreno Demaria, Pasqualino Rossi, Silvio Brusaferro, Giovanni Rezza and Marina Davoli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1238

    Content type: Research article

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    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1325

  36. This study aimed to assess the extent of knowledge and understanding of rabies disease in rural and urban communities of Pakistan. It also identified malpractices after suspected dog bite that might pose a ris...

    Authors: Touseef Ahmed, Sabir Hussain, Ubaid-ur-Rehman Zia, Sangay Rinchen, Ammar Yasir, Shafique Ahmed, Waqar Ali Khan, Muhammad Farooq Tahir and Robert Ricketson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1293

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The COVID-19 pandemic has become a great threat to public health, which has greatly impacted the study and life of undergraduate students in China. This study aims to perform a survey of their knowledge, attit...

    Authors: Yaling Peng, Chenchen Pei, Yan Zheng, Juan Wang, Kui Zhang, Zhaohui Zheng and Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1292

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is important to understand how HIV infection is transmitted in the population in order to guide prevention activities and properly allocate limited resources. In Ukraine and other countries where injecting ...

    Authors: Kostyantyn Dumchev, Marina Kornilova, Roksolana Kulchynska, Marianna Azarskova and Charles Vitek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1288

    Content type: Research article

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  39. China has always been one of the countries with the most serious Tuberculosis epidemic in the world. Our study was to observe the Spatial-temporal characteristics and the epidemiology of Tuberculosis in China ...

    Authors: Zhongbao Zuo, Miaochan Wang, Huaizhong Cui, Ying Wang, Jing Wu, Jianjiang Qi, Kenv Pan, Dongming Sui, Pengtao Liu and Aifang Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1284

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, public health interventions have been introduced globally in order to prevent the spread of the virus and avoid the overload of health care systems, especially for the most seve...

    Authors: Katja Radon, Elmar Saathoff, Michael Pritsch, Jessica Michelle Guggenbühl Noller, Inge Kroidl, Laura Olbrich, Verena Thiel, Max Diefenbach, Friedrich Riess, Felix Forster, Fabian Theis, Andreas Wieser and Michael Hoelscher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1036

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1335

  41. In Benin, men who have sex with men (MSM) do not always use condoms during anal sex. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using Truvada® (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate / emtricitabine) may be a complementary HIV pr...

    Authors: Carin Ahouada, Souleymane Diabaté, Myrto Mondor, Septime Hessou, Fernand A. Guédou, Luc Béhanzin, Georges Batona, Ndeye Ndiagna Gning, D. Marcel Zannou and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1267

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Leprosy, or Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of leprosy in Benin from 2006 to 2018.

    Authors: Ronald Sètondji Gnimavo, Parfait Djossou, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Gimatal Esaï Anagonou, Yves Thierry Barogui, Akpéédjé Anita Carolle Wadagni, Jean-Gabin Houezo and Roch Christian Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1254

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Acceptance of vaccines is an important predictor of vaccine uptake. This has public health implications as those who are not vaccinated are at a higher risk of infection from vaccine preventable diseases. We a...

    Authors: Amalie Dyda, Catherine King, Aditi Dey, Julie Leask and Adam G. Dunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1253

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Major transition in tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology is taking place in many European countries including Finland. Monitoring treatment outcome of TB cases is important for identifying gaps in the national TB co...

    Authors: Virve Korhonen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jukka Ollgren, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1250

    Content type: Research article

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  45. With an HIV incidence of 1.00 skewed against women (1.51), adolescents in South Africa are at high HIV risk. This paper assesses young adults’ (18–24 years) knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding HIV pre...

    Authors: Simukai Shamu, Sikhulile Khupakonke, Thato Farirai, Jean Slabbert, Thato Chidarikire, Geoffrey Guloba and Nkhensani Nkhwashu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1249

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Repeat Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections are common. To better understand the characteristics of patients frequently infected with CT at our sexually transmitted infection (STI) care services, we assessed the...

    Authors: Juliën N. A. P. Wijers, Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers, Christian J. P. A. Hoebe, Petra F. G. Wolffs and Geneviève A. F. S. van Liere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1239

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Control and elimination of onchocerciasis requires regular follow-up and evaluation of community directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTi) program implementation. This research was aimed to assess the epidemio...

    Authors: Gebremedhin Gebrezgabiher, Zeleke Mekonnen, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Asrat Hailu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1233

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Globally, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Adherence to TB therapy is an important factor in treatment outcomes, which is a critical indicator for evaluating TB t...

    Authors: Comfort Nanbam Sariem, Patricia Odumosu, Maxwell Patrick Dapar, Jonah Musa, Luka Ibrahim and John Aguiyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1224

    Content type: Research article

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