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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Yellow fever (YF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever, endemic in the tropical forests of Africa and Central and South America. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes infected with the yellow fever virus (YFV). Eth...

    Authors: Mesfin Mengesha Tsegaye, Berhane Beyene, Workenesh Ayele, Almaz Abebe, Israel Tareke, Amadou Sall, Sergio Yactayo, Messeret E. Shibeshi, Erin Staples, Desalegn Belay, Abrham Lilay, Abebe Alemu, Emana Alemu, Adugna Kume, Alemnesh H/Mariam, Olivier Ronveaux…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1011

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To assess the potential acceptability and inform the development of behaviorally-congruent vaginal douche- or gel-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products, we examined vaginal washing and lubrication...

    Authors: Heather A. Pines, Shirley J. Semple, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Craig W. Hendrix, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Pamina M. Gorbach, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Gustavo Martinez and Thomas L. Patterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1009

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a global public health concern. Due to the presence of multiple risk factors such as poor housing conditions and food insecurity in Canadian Indigenous communities, this popul...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Anne McCarthy and Yoko Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:979

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic worms (helminths) are common infections in low- and middle-income countries. For most helminth species, school-aged children are at highest risk of infection and morbidity, such as impaired cognitive...

    Authors: Marta S. Palmeirim, Mamadou Ouattara, Clémence Essé, Véronique A. Koffi, Rufin K. Assaré, Eveline Hürlimann, Jean T. Coulibaly, Nana R. Diakité, Kouassi Dongo, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Giovanna Raso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:951

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic measures of the dengue burden such as prevalence and incidence are important for policy-making and monitoring the progress of disease control. It is a common practice where epidemiologic and econ...

    Authors: Yuan Liang Woon, Chee Peng Hor, Keng Yee Lee, Siti Fatimah Zahra Mohd Anuar, Rose Nani Mudin, Mohd Khadzir Sheikh Ahmad, Suhaya Komari, Faridah Amin, Rahman Jamal, Wei Seng Chen, Pik Pin Goh, Lena Yeap, Zhuo Ren Lim and Teck Onn Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:946

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Inadequate immunization coverage remains a public health problem in Africa. In Togo, only 62% of children under one year of age were fully immunized in 2013. This study aimed to estimate the immunization cover...

    Authors: Didier K. Ekouevi, Fifonsi A. Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Issifou Yaya, Wendpouiré I. Zida-Compaore, Amevegbé Boko, Essèboe Sewu, Anani Lacle, Nicolas Ndibu, Yaovi Toke and Dadja E. Landoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:952

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Two important helminths, Strongyloides stercoralis (an intestinal roundworm) and Opisthorchis viverrini (a liver fluke), are endemic in northeast Thailand. There have been national campaigns in place aimed at the...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Oranuch Sanpool, Rutchanee Rodpai, Tongjit Thanchomnang, Wanida Kanarkard, Wanchai Maleewong, Ratthaphol Kraiklang and Pewpan M. Intapan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:940

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Males are more susceptible than females to infections due to the differences in endocrine-immune interactions. Furthermore, it is reported that lowering cell cholesterol impairs viral replication and infection...

    Authors: Melaku Adal, Rawleigh Howe, Desta Kassa, Abraham Aseffa and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:943

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Delayed treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases increases the risk of death and rate of infection in the community. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is essential for effective TB control. The aim of th...

    Authors: Abdurahaman Seid and Yeshi Metaferia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:931

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Dengue fever, caused by dengue virus (DENV), has become one of the most important mosquito-borne viral diseases with a steady rise in global incidence, including the Sudan. Sporadic cases and frequent acute fe...

    Authors: Mawahib H. Eldigail, Gamal K. Adam, Rabie A. Babiker, Fatima Khalid, Ibrahim A. Adam, Osama H. Omer, Mohamed E. Ahmed, Sara L. Birair, Eltahir M. Haroun, Hassan AbuAisha, Abdelrahim E. Karrar, Hamid S. Abdalla and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:921

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    ROTAVAC, an indigenous rotavirus vaccine, was introduced in the universal immunization program of India in four states in 2016 and expanded to five more states in 2017. The clinical trial on efficacy of ROTAVA...

    Authors: Samarasimha Reddy, Nayana P. Nair, Sidhartha Giri, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Jacqueline E. Tate, Umesh D. Parashar, Mohan D. Gupte, Rashmi Arora and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:898

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Access to long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) has increased and malaria has decreased globally, but malaria transmission remains high in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and insecticide resistance threatens curr...

    Authors: Eleanore D. Sternberg, Jackie Cook, Ludovic P. Ahoua Alou, Carine J. Aoura, Serge Brice Assi, Dimi Théodore Doudou, A. Alphonsine Koffi, Raphael N’Guessan, Welbeck A. Oumbouke, Rachel A. Smith, Eve Worrall, Immo Kleinschmidt and Matthew B. Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:894

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Opportunistic diseases cause morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons. There is dearth of evidence on the magnitude and predictors of opportunistic diseases among PLHIV...

    Authors: Teklu Weldegebreal, Ismael Ahmed, Abiyou Muhiye, Shoandagne Belete, Alemayehu Bekele and Mirgissa Kaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:820

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Influenza remains a significant burden on health systems. Effective responses rely on the timely understanding of the magnitude and the evolution of an outbreak. For monitoring purposes, data on severe cases o...

    Authors: Alice Corbella, Xu-Sheng Zhang, Paul J. Birrell, Nicki Boddington, Richard G. Pebody, Anne M. Presanis and Daniela De Angelis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:790

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, which aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) mortality by 95% by 2035, Brazil has made a commitment to this, however, one challenge is achieving th...

    Authors: Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Aylana de Sousa Belchior, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Josilene Dália Alves, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Mellina Yamamura, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Reinaldo Antonio Silva-Sobrinho, Oscar Kenji Nihei and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:795

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Meningitis, a disease of the Central Nervous System is described as inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It is characterised by fever, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff ...

    Authors: Timothy Letsa, Charles Lwanga Noora, George Khumalo Kuma, Ernest Asiedu, Gideon Kye-Duodu, Edwin Afari, Osei Afreh Kuffour, Joseph Opare, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Donne Kofi Ameme, Emmanuel G. Bachan, Kofi Issah, Franklin Aseidu-Bekoe, Moses Aikins and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:781

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Globally the access to HIV testing has greatly increased over the past 30 years. Nonetheless, a high proportion of people living with HIV remains undiagnosed, even in resource rich countries. To increase the p...

    Authors: Paola Scognamiglio, Giacomina Chiaradia, Marta Giovanetti, Emidio Albertini, Antonella Camposeragna, Massimo Farinella, Daniela Lorenzetti, Massimo Oldrini, Laura Rancilio, Anna Caraglia, Francesco Paolo Maraglino, Giuseppe Ippolito and Enrico Girardi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:748

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress towards increasing global vaccination coverage, measles continues to be one of the leading, preventable causes of death among children worldwide. Whether and how to target sub-national areas f...

    Authors: Avery Kundrick, Zhuojie Huang, Spencer Carran, Matthew Kagoli, Rebecca Freeman Grais, Northan Hurtado and Matthew Ferrari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:741

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dengue is becoming more common in Pakistan with its alarming spreading rate. A historical review needs to be carried out to find the root causes of dengue dynamics, the factors responsible for its spread and l...

    Authors: Jehangir Khan, Inamullah Khan, Abdul Ghaffar and Bushra Khalid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:745

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. Insufficient TB knowledge may increase the risk of contracting the disease among medical students. The purpose of this study was to as...

    Authors: Yangjiang Ou, Zhenzhou Luo, Jinsong Mou, Hui Ming, Xiang Wang, Shipeng Yan and Aichun Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:730

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya are vector borne diseases with shared endemic profiles and symptoms. Coinfections with any of these diseases could have fatal outcomes if left undiagnosed. Understanding the pre...

    Authors: Nasir Salam, Shoeb Mustafa, Abdul Hafiz, Anis Ahmad Chaudhary, Farah Deeba and Shama Parveen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:710

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy is prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa. The first trimester of pregnancy is a critical period and the best preventive measure is Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN). Unfortunately, few studi...

    Authors: Cornélia Hounkonnou, Armel Djènontin, Seun Egbinola, Parfait Houngbegnon, Aziz Bouraima, Christophe Soares, Nadine Fievet, Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Valérie Briand and Gilles Cottrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:683

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs usually test pregnant women for HIV without involving their partners. Non-disclosure of maternal HIV status to male partners may deter utilizatio...

    Authors: John Kinuthia, Benson Singa, Christine J. McGrath, Beryne Odeny, Agnes Langat, Abraham Katana, Lucy Ng’ang’a, Jillian Pintye and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:671

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Viral Hepatitis is one of the major global health problems, affecting millions of people every year. Limited information is available on the impact of social and economic factors on the prevalence of Hepatitis...

    Authors: Selma Tosun, Olgu Aygün, Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Elif Korkmaz and Durmuş Özdemir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:649

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Provision of constant and safe blood has been a public health challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa with high prevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs). This study was aimed at determining the trend ...

    Authors: Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu, Ifeyinwa Maryann Okafor, Enosakhare Aiyudubie Asemota and Dorathy Chioma Okpokam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:645

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Basic needs (e.g., food security and stable housing) are important determinants of health and well-being, yet their impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the context of HIV and aging has not been...

    Authors: Phan Sok, Sandra Gardner, Tsegaye Bekele, Jason Globerman, Mary V. Seeman, Saara Greene, Michael Sobota, Jay J. Koornstra, LaVerne Monette, Keith Hambly, Stephen W. Hwang, James Watson, Glen Walker and Sean B. Rourke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:644

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born residents is increasing in many European countries including Finland. We conducted enhanced TB surveillance to collect supplementary information on TB cases among recent immig...

    Authors: Pirre E. Räisänen, Hanna Soini, Pirjo Turtiainen, Tuula Vasankari, Petri Ruutu, J. Pekka Nuorti and Outi Lyytikäinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:610

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Although Taiwan has implemented several important interventions for various HIV-at-risk populations to combat the HIV epidemic, little is known regarding AIDS incidence at presentation and during follow-up amo...

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, I-An Jen, Yu-Ching Lan, Yung-Feng Yen, Pei-Hung Chuang, Marcelo Chen, Yun Lee and Yi-Ming A. Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:589

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Salmonella Typhi is responsible for about 20 million episodes of illness and over 140,000 deaths annually globally. South Asia has the highest documented burden of typhoid and is home to the multi-drug resista...

    Authors: Jacob John, Ashish Bavdekar, Temsunaro Rongsen-Chandola, Shanta Dutta and Gagandeep Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:594

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Since Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) infection was first reported in 2012, many studies have analysed its transmissibility and severity. However, the methodology and results of these studies have vari...

    Authors: Ji-Eun Park, Soyoung Jung, Aeran Kim and Ji-Eun Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:574

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Myanmar, epidemiological conditions have been unclear due to a lack of accurate data. In 2014 and 2016, malaria outbreaks occurred in the Shan Special Region II (SSR2). It was reported that these outbreaks ...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Jian-Wei Xu, Qi-Zhang Xu and Yi-Rou Zeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:560

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was long considered an important public health concern in Burkina Faso and still represents a major cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis in the active population. To counter th...

    Authors: Moussa Lingani, Tomoyuki Akita, Serge Ouoba, Armel Moumini Sanou, Aya Sugiyama, Zekiba Tarnagda, Masayuki Ohisa, Halidou Tinto, Shunji Mishiro and Junko Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:551

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In 2014–2016, West Africa faced the most deadly Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in history. A key strategy to overcome this outbreak was continual staff training in Infection Prevention and Control (IPC), w...

    Authors: Mory Keïta, Ansoumane Yassima Camara, Falaye Traoré, Mohamed ElMady Camara, André Kpanamou, Sékou Camara, Aminata Tolno, Bienvenu Houndjo, Fatimatou Diallo, Fatoumata Conté and Lorenzo Subissi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:547

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a contagious zoonotic disease transferred from sick animals to humans and endemic in the Middle East and other countries. Humans mainly acquire the disease by consuming non-pasteurized dairy pro...

    Authors: Orna Baron-Epel, Shiran Bord, Michal Cohen-Dar and Samira Obeid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:516

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Social distancing is one of the community mitigation measures that may be recommended during influenza pandemics. Social distancing can reduce virus transmission by increasing physical distance or reducing fre...

    Authors: Faruque Ahmed, Nicole Zviedrite and Amra Uzicanin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:518

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Data on outbreaks of infectious gastroenteritis in care homes have been collected using an internet-based surveillance system in North West England since 2012. We analysed the burden and characteristics of car...

    Authors: Thomas Inns, Alex Keenan, Rita Huyton, John Harris, Miren Iturriza-Gomara, Sarah J. O’Brien and Roberto Vivancos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:488

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Local malaria transmission has decreased rapidly since the National Malaria Elimination Action Plan was launched in China in 2010. However, imported malaria cases from Africa and Southeast Asia still occur in ...

    Authors: Guisheng Ding, Guoding Zhu, Caiqun Cao, Ping Miao, Yuanyuan Cao, Weiming Wang, Yaping Gu, Sui Xu, Shengqiang Wang, Huayun Zhou and Jun Cao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:489

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite the progress in reducing malaria infections and related deaths, the disease remains a major global public health problem. The problem is among the top five leading causes of outpatient visits in Dembia...

    Authors: Fisseha Agegnehu, Alemayehu Shimeka, Firnus Berihun and Melkamu Tamir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:480

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Female sex workers (FSW) are a population that are at high risk for HIV infection, and their HIV/AIDS knowledge levels and sexual behaviors are of concern. This study describes changes in HIV prevalence and fa...

    Authors: Jingzhen Lai, Chunwei Qin, Eric J. Nehl, Junjun Jiang, Yunxuan Huang, Bingyu Liang, Yuexiang Xu, Jiegang Huang, Zhiliang Xu, Chuanyi Ning, Yanyan Liao, Ning Zang, Wudi Wei, Fengxiang Qin, Jun Yu, Li Ye…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:450

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  40. Content type: Research article

    We examined the risk for Group B streptococcus (GBS)-related diseases in newborns born to mothers who participated in a universal GBS screening program and to determine whether differences are observed in fact...

    Authors: Li-Chen Hung, Pei-Tseng Kung, Tsan-Hung Chiu, Hsun-Pi Su, Ming Ho, Hui-Fen Kao, Li-Ting Chiu, Kuang-Hua Huang and Wen-Chen Tsai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:438

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is resistant to the two main first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs: rifampicin and isoniazid. It is a major threat to public health worldwide. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Fanta Desissa, Tilaye Workineh and Takele Beyene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:422

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Vector and malaria parasite’s rising resistance against pyrethroid-impregnated bed nets and antimalarial drugs highlight the need for additional control measures. Larviciding against malaria vectors is experie...

    Authors: Peter Dambach, Margarida Mendes Jorge, Issouf Traoré, Revati Phalkey, Hélène Sawadogo, Pascal Zabré, Moubassira Kagoné, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Norbert Becker and Claudia Beiersmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:399

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Research pertaining to the community-based prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is important to understand the magnitude of this infection. This study was conducted to estimate LTBI prevalence an...

    Authors: Takele Teklu, Mengistu Legesse, Girmay Medhin, Aboma Zewude, Mahlet Chanyalew, Martha Zewdie, Biniam Wondale, Milkessa Haile-Mariam, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:266

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