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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 15

  1. Content type: Debate

    Malaria and Lyme disease were the largest vector-borne epidemics in recent US history. Malaria, a mosquito-borne disease with intense transmission, had higher morbidity and mortality, whereas Lyme and other ti...

    Authors: Ilia Rochlin, Dominick V. Ninivaggi and Jorge L. Benach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:804

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia has been scaled up since the introduction of the service in 2003. Free ART was launched in 2005, resulting in fewer new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) inf...

    Authors: Getinet Abera Lenjiso, Berhanu Seyoum Endale and Yadeta Dessie Bacha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:771

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne arbovirus that can produce serious public health consequences. In 2016, ZIKV caused an epidemic in many countries around the world, including the United States. ...

    Authors: Shahir Masri, Jianfeng Jia, Chen Li, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Guiyun Yan and Jun Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:761

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Scabies occurs worldwide with a prevalence between 0.3 and 46.0%. In Ghana, even though a 5.1% proportion of scabies was reported in a retrospective review of skin diseases at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, t...

    Authors: Basil Benduri Kaburi, Donne Kofi Ameme, George Adu-Asumah, Dora Dadzie, Emmanuel Kwame Tender, Smith Vincent Addeh, Theophilus Aryee, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Samuel Oko Sackey, Fredrick Wurapa, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:746

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north have elevated H. pylori (Hp) prevalence and stomach cancer incidence. We aimed to describe the Hp-associated disease burden among western Canadian Arctic partic...

    Authors: Katharine Fagan-Garcia, Janis Geary, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Laura McAlpine, Emily Walker, Amy Colquhoun, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Safwat Girgis, Billy Archie, Brendan Hanley, Andre Corriveau, John Morse, Rachel Munday and Karen J. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:730

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In an effort to complement the current chemotherapy based schistosomiasis control interventions in Shinyanga district, community knowledge, perceptions and water contact practices were qualitatively assessed u...

    Authors: Teckla Angelo, Safari M. Kinung’hi, Jorum Buza, Joseph R. Mwanga, Henry Curtis Kariuki and Shona Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:703

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Malaria remains endemic in Ghana despite several interventions. Studies have demonstrated very high levels of asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia in both under-five and school-age children. Mass testing, treatme...

    Authors: Ignatius Cheng Ndong, Daniel Okyere, Juliana Yartey Enos, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Corinne Simone C. Merle, Alexander Nyarko, Kwadwo Ansah Koram and Collins Stephan Ahorlu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:695

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study was initiated to evaluate, for the first time, the performance and quality of the influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance system in Tunisia.

    Authors: Rihab Yazidi, Wafa Aissi, Hind Bouguerra, Mariem Nouira, Ghassen Kharroubi, Latifa Maazaoui, Mokhtar Zorraga, Naima Abdeddaiem, Sadok Chlif, Awatef El Moussi, Mohamed Ali Ben Hadj Kacem, Mohamed Ali Snoussi, Wissem Ghawar, Makram Koubaa, Lauren Polansky, Margaret McCarron…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:694

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To achieve the goal of measles eradication, all WHO member countries should continuously monitor the status of measles elimination. This work aims to characterize measles outbreaks in Iran from 2014 to 2016 an...

    Authors: Naser Piri, Manoochehr Karami, Leili Tapak, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei and Younes Mohammadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:687

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection transmitted from blood donors is a concern in China, as many articles about HGV infection in Chinese blood donors from different provinces have been published. This study aime...

    Authors: Taiwu Wang, Juecai Chen, Qi Zhang, Xia Huang, Nanzhen Xie, Jinhai Zhang, Tongjian Cai, Yao Zhang and Hongyan Xiong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:685

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Thermal fogging of Insecticides is a vector control strategy used by the Medellin Secretary of Health to combat dengue. This method is employed during outbreaks to curb populations of potentially infectious ad...

    Authors: Andrés F. Usuga, Lina M. Zuluaga-Idárraga, Natalia Alvarez, Raúl Rojo, Enrique Henao and Guillermo L. Rúa-Uribe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:669

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diseases spread through inherently spatial processes. Road and air traffic data have been used to model these processes at national and global scales. At metropolitan scales, however, mobility patte...

    Authors: Robert Moss, Elham Naghizade, Martin Tomko and Nicholas Geard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:656

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Dengue Fever (DF) is underrecognized mosquito borne viral disease prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. In 2013, Ethiopia reported the first confirmed DF outbreak in Dire Dawa city which affected 11,4...

    Authors: Luna Habtamu Degife, Yoseph Worku, Desalegn Belay, Abyot Bekele and Zegeye Hailemariam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:650

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Few studies focused on longitudinal modifications over time of high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) at anal and oral sites in HIV+ men who have sex with men (MSM).

    Authors: Saverio Giuseppe Parisi, Monica Basso, Renzo Scaggiante, Samantha Andreis, Carlo Mengoli, Mario Cruciani, Claudia Del Vecchio, Nicola Menegotto, Daniela Zago, Loredana Sarmati, Massimo Andreoni and Giorgio Palù

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:645

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is still endemic in Malaysia and has been prevalent in Selangor where cases have been underreported. Primarily, this was due to lack of awareness in the urban community in this region. This study...

    Authors: Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Surianti Sukeri, Zawaha Idris, Wan Nor Arifin, Noramira Nozmi, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Suhailah Samsudin, Abdul-Wahab Zainudin, Rukman Awang Hamat, Rosni Ibrahim, Siti Norbaya Masri, Suhainizam Muhammad Saliluddin, Aziah Daud, Malina Osman…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:628

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Africa has produced a large amount of data on participating countries, and in particular o...

    Authors: Bien-Aimé Makasa Mandja, Didier Bompangue, Pascal Handschumacher, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Gérard Salem, Jean-Jacques Muyembe and Frédéric Mauny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:624

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Serological surveillance, based on the measurement of the presence of specific antibodies in a given population, can be used in addition to traditional and routine disease surveillance methods. The added value...

    Authors: Tinne Lernout, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Veroniek Saegeman, Marie Tré-Hardy, Morgane de Laveleye, Tommi Asikainen, Ram Benny Dessau, Sophie Quoilin and Amber Litzroth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:597

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Unlike their younger counterparts, some of today’s older HIV patients were diagnosed before the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The psychosocial and behavioral outcomes of people living...

    Authors: Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Antoine Vilotitch, Marion Mora, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Valérie Guagliardo, Marie Suzan-Monti, Rosemary Dray-Spira and Bruno Spire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:590

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Since 2009, in Ontario, reportable disease surveillance data has been used for timely in-season estimates of influenza severity (i.e., hospitalizations and deaths). Due to changes in reporting requirements inf...

    Authors: J. Leigh Hobbs, Michael Whelan, Anne-Luise Winter, Michelle Murti and Karin Hohenadel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:567

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Varicella is typically mild and self-limiting, but can be associated with complications and even death. The limited data available on varicella in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) indicate substantial bur...

    Authors: Luiza Helena Falleiros Arlant, Maria Catalina Pirez Garcia, Maria L. Avila Aguero, Miguel Cashat, Cintia Irene Parellada and Lara J. Wolfson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:528

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a communicable disease of increasing global importance with 1.75 million new infections and 400,000 related deaths annually. Until recently, treatment options have had low ...

    Authors: Bernard Luke Edmunds, Emma Ruth Miller and George Tsourtos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:527

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is an important cause of mortality in children and adults. However, studies assessing risk factors for ARI-related deaths in low- and middle-income settings are limited. We de...

    Authors: Sara Tomczyk, John P. McCracken, Carmen Lucia Contreras, Maria Renee Lopez, Chris Bernart, Juan Carlos Moir, Kenneth Escobar, Lisette Reyes, Wences Arvelo, Kim Lindblade, Leonard Peruski, Joe P. Bryan and Jennifer R. Verani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:499

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network (GIHSN) aims to determine the burden of severe influenza disease and Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness (IVE). This is a prospective, active surveillance and hos...

    Authors: Víctor Baselga-Moreno, Svetlana Trushakova, Shelly McNeil, Anna Sominina, Marta C. Nunes, Anca Draganescu, Serhat Unal, Parvaiz Koul, Jan Kyncl, Tao Zhang, Ainagul Kuatbayeva, Afif Ben-Salah, Elena Burtseva, Joan Puig-Barberà and Javier Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:487

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Globally in 2015 about 214 million malaria cases and 438,000 deaths were reported with 75% were from Sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria transmission in Ethiopia is unstable, and outbreaks are considered public health...

    Authors: Afewerki Tesfahunegn, Gebretsadik Berhe and Equbay Gebregziabher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:484

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Childhood tuberculosis (TB) diagnoses often lack microbiologic confirmation and require empiric treatment. Barriers to empiric treatment include concern for poor outcomes and adverse effects. We thus determine...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Devan Jaganath, Moorine Penninah Sekadde, Betty Nsangi, Heather Haq and Adithya Cattamanchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:446

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  26. Content type: Research article

    People living in poverty (PLP) are highly vulnerable to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology of HBV infection in PLP in the metropolitan region of Goiânia, Goiás ...

    Authors: Lara Cristina da Cunha Guimarães, Sandra Brunini, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Hélio Galdino-Júnior, Ruth Minamisava, Vanessa Elias da Cunha, Jordana Rúbia Souza Santos, Elisângela de Paula Silveira- Lacerda, Christiane Moreira Souza, Vera Lúcia Brandão de Oliveira, Gabriela Cavalcante Albernaz, Thiago Guida de Menezes and Giovanni Rezza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:443

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Retention of HIV Exposed Infants (HEIs) in care ensures adequate care. Data on retention of HEIs at large referral hospitals in Uganda is limited. We investigated the retention level of HEIs and associated fac...

    Authors: Pontius Apangu, Jonathan Izudi, Francis Bajunirwe, Edgar Mulogo and Vincent Batwala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:436

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This paper investigates the relationship between psychological health and quality of life (QOL) of people affected by leprosy (PAL) living in a community in Guangdong province, China.

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Bin Yang, Ming Li and Daocheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:424

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Among persons living with HIV, poorer antiretroviral therapy adherence has been reported in African Americans and disproportionate mortality reported in young African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM)...

    Authors: Mark S. Dworkin, Palak Panchal, Wayne Wiebel, Robert Garofalo, Jessica E. Haberer and Antonio Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:394

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, a study in Munyenge revealed a high prevalence of urogenital schistosomiasis (UGS) among pregnant women. This study investigated he prevalence and risk factors of UGS in pregnancy following scale-up o...

    Authors: Godlove Bunda Wepnje, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi, Vicky Daonyle Ndassi, Leopold Gustave Lehman and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:392

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  31. Content type: Research article

    India lacks data on the incidence of Paediatric HIV. In 2010, the Indian Council of Medical Research commissioned a task force study to estimate the paediatric HIV burden in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India....

    Authors: Rajaram Subramanian Potty, Anju Sinha, Rajeev Sethumadhavan, Shajy Isac and Reynold Washington

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:386

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Establishing a correct diagnosis is challenging. We aimed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of routine tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic work-up in lung clinics in Indonesia, a country with the third h...

    Authors: Antonia Morita I. Saktiawati, Yanri W. Subronto, Ymkje Stienstra, Sumardi, Fabiola Supit and Tjip S. van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:363

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In 2014 the World Health Organisation (WHO) established validation criteria for elimination of mother-to-child transmission (EMTCT) of HIV and syphilis. Additionally, the WHO set targets to eliminate hepatitis...

    Authors: Maartje Visser, Catharina P. B. van der Ploeg, Colette Smit, Chantal W. P. M. Hukkelhoven, Frithjofna Abbink, Birgit H. B. van Benthem and Eline L. M. Op de Coul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:353

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Description of the epidemiology of influenza is needed to inform influenza vaccination policy. Here we examined influenza virus circulation in countries in the Asia-Pacific region and compared the timing of se...

    Authors: Clotilde El Guerche-Séblain, Saverio Caini, John Paget, Philippe Vanhems and François Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:331

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Over the last 30 years, extensive dengue epidemics have occurred in Brazil, characterized by emergences and re-emergences of different serotypes, a change in the epidemiological profile and an increase in the ...

    Authors: Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Regina Paiva Daumas, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta and Flávia Barreto dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:329

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of an integrated molecular surveillance (IMS) of tuberculosis (TB) is of high priority for TB control. IMS is defined as the systematic inclusion of molecular typing results in the national ...

    Authors: Andrea Sanchini, Marta Andrés, Lena Fiebig, Stefan Albrecht, Barbara Hauer and Walter Haas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:321

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Due to numerous blood exposures hospital staff are at risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. This study aimed at estimating prevalence of HBV, associated risk factors and HBV vaccination among P...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Katarzyna Topczewska, Maria Budnik-Szymoniuk and Marcin Korzeń

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:298

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis is a major public health problem with varying prevalence in different settings. National prevalence surveys provide evidence for planning and decision making. However, they lack the capacity to es...

    Authors: Daniel G. Datiko, Ermias Amsalu Guracha, Elias Michael, Girum Asnake, Meaza Demisse, Sally Theobald, Olivia Tulloch, Mohammed A. Yassin and L. E. Cuevas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:295

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  39. Content type: Research article

    During the 2016–2017 austral summer, unprecedented water scarcity was observed in the south of Mayotte, French island in the Indian Ocean. Therefore, authorities introduced restrictive measures to save the wat...

    Authors: Marion Subiros, Elise Brottet, Jean-Louis Solet, Armelle LeGuen and Laurent Filleul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:288

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in China. Correct and consistent condom use is one of the most effective strategies for preventing the spread o...

    Authors: Hongbo Jiang, Xiaobin Chen, Jing Li, Zhimin Tan, Weibin Cheng and Yi Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:261

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective method of weight loss today. The aim of the present Swedish study, which was performed in a country that has universal health care, was to investigate i...

    Authors: Ensieh Memarian, Kristina Sundquist, Susanna Calling, Jan Sundquist and Xinjun Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:258

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  42. Content type: Research article

    With limited resources and spatio-temporal heterogeneity of malaria in developing countries, it is still difficult to assess the real impact of socioeconomic and environmental factors in order to set up target...

    Authors: Toussaint Rouamba, Seydou Nakanabo-Diallo, Karim Derra, Eli Rouamba, Adama Kazienga, Yasuko Inoue, Ernest K. Ouédraogo, Moussa Waongo, Sokhna Dieng, Abdoulaye Guindo, Boukary Ouédraogo, Kankoé Lévi Sallah, Seydou Barro, Pascal Yaka, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Halidou Tinto…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:249

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Immunization is one of the most effective measures for preventing disease when vaccination coverage is sufficient. Although vaccination coverage is known to be influenced by social and cultural barriers, the d...

    Authors: Ikuma Nozaki, Masahiko Hachiya and Tomomi Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:242

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Currently in Vietnam contact tracing for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) entails passive case finding among symptomatic household contacts who present themselves for diagnosis. Close contacts of MDR-...

    Authors: Thi Thanh Thuy Hoang, Viet Nhung Nguyen, Ngoc Sy Dinh, Guy Thwaites, Thu Anh Nguyen, H. Rogier van Doorn, Frank Cobelens and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:241

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  45. Content type: Research article

    We used data released by the government to analyze the epidemiological distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis in mainland China from 2004 to 2015, in order to provide a deeper understanding of trends in the ep...

    Authors: Zuiyuan Guo, Dan Xiao, Xiuhong Wang, Yayu Wang and Tiecheng Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:219

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Mongolia was one of the four countries that received a measles-elimination certificate from the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific in 2014. Following the outbreaks in many countr...

    Authors: Oyunchimeg Orsoo, Yu Mon Saw, Enkhbold Sereenen, Buyanjargal Yadamsuren, Ariunsanaa Byambaa, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:201

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Despite increased antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage, the incidence of HIV infection among women in rural South Africa remains high. While many socio-demographic and behavioral factors have been identified,...

    Authors: Armstrong Dzomba, Andrew Tomita, Alain Vandormael, Kaymarlin Govender and Frank Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:196

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