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BMC Public Health

Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Research pertaining to the community-based prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is important to understand the magnitude of this infection. This study was conducted to estimate LTBI prevalence an...

    Authors: Takele Teklu, Mengistu Legesse, Girmay Medhin, Aboma Zewude, Mahlet Chanyalew, Martha Zewdie, Biniam Wondale, Milkessa Haile-Mariam, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:266

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Infant antiretroviral prophylaxis plays an important role towards ensuring the reduction of HIV transmission from mother to child in the postpartum period. However in sub Saharan Africa (SSA), the low level of...

    Authors: Noah F. Takah, Jeannine A. Atem, Leopold N. Aminde, Moffat Malisheni and Grant Murewenhema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:249

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Little is understood of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission dynamics and community compliance with control measures over time. Understanding these interactions is essential if interventions are to be effect...

    Authors: Grazia Caleo, Jennifer Duncombe, Freya Jephcott, Kamalini Lokuge, Clair Mills, Evita Looijen, Fivi Theoharaki, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, James Squire, Manjo Lamin, Beverley Stringer, Helen A. Weiss, Daniel Culli, Gian Luca Di Tanna and Jane Greig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:248

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Attitude and subjective well-being are important factors in mothers accepting or rejecting Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) supplemental immunization. The purpose of the study was to determine the role of mothers’ att...

    Authors: Gregory C. Umeh, Terna Ignatius Nomhwange, Anthony F. Shamang, Furera Zakari, Audu I. Musa, Paul M. Dogo, Victor Gugong and Neyu Iliyasu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:231

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Shigella causes approximately 500,000 illnesses, 6000 hospitalizations, and 40 deaths in the United States annually, but incidence and populations at risk for severe shigellosis among adults are unclear. This stu...

    Authors: Lindsey S. McCrickard, Stacy M. Crim, Sunkyung Kim and Anna Bowen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:221

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Plague remains a public health problem in specific areas located in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Its prevention and control encompasses adequate clinical management and timely laboratory diagnosis. Howev...

    Authors: Ana Rivière-Cinnamond, Alain Santandreu, Anita Luján, Frederic Mertens, John Omar Espinoza, Yesenia Carpio, Johnny Bravo and Jean-Marc Gabastou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:220

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    The New South Wales (NSW) HIV Strategy 2016–2020 aims for the virtual elimination of HIV transmission in NSW, Australia, by 2020. Despite high and increasing levels of HIV testing and treatment since 2012, the...

    Authors: Iryna B. Zablotska, Christine Selvey, Rebecca Guy, Karen Price, Jo Holden, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Anna McNulty, David Smith, Fengyi Jin, Janaki Amin, David A. Cooper and Andrew E. Grulich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:210

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    “Determined, Resilient, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe” (DREAMS) is a package of biomedical, social and economic interventions offered to adolescent girls and young women aged 10–24 years with the aim of reducin...

    Authors: Bernadette Hensen, James R. Hargreaves, Tarisai Chiyaka, Sungai Chabata, Phillis Mushati, Sian Floyd, Isolde Birdthistle, Joanna Busza and Frances Cowan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:203

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite effective national immunisation programmes in Europe, some groups remain incompletely or un-vaccinated (‘under-vaccinated’), with underserved minorities and certain religious/ideological groups repeate...

    Authors: N. Fournet, L. Mollema, W. L. Ruijs, I. A. Harmsen, F. Keck, J. Y. Durand, M. P. Cunha, M. Wamsiedel, R. Reis, J. French, E. G. Smit, A. Kitching and J. E. van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:196

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, HIV is increasingly becoming a chronic disease as a result of advances in HIV treatment and prevention in the last three decades. This has changed the perception from a life threating to a pot...

    Authors: M. L. H. Mabaso, N. P. Zungu, T. Rehle, S. Moyo, S. Jooste and K. Zuma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:198

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  11. Content type: Research article

    South Africa is making tremendous progress in the fight against HIV, however, adolescent girls and young women aged 15–24 years (AGYW) remain at higher risk of new HIV infections. This paper investigates socio...

    Authors: Musawenkosi Mabaso, Zinhle Sokhela, Neo Mohlabane, Buyisile Chibi, Khangelani Zuma and Leickness Simbayi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:183

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious health concern, particularly in developing countries. Various delays, such as patient delay (PD) and healthcare system delay (HSD) in the TB process, are exacerbating the disease...

    Authors: Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Hassan Yekrang Sis, Vinaya Kelkar, Scott H. Harrison, Gregory D. Goins, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Jian Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:174

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  13. Content type: Research article

    HIV disclosure is an important step in delivering the right care to people. However, many people with an HIV positive status choose not to disclose. This considerably complicates the delivery of adequate healt...

    Authors: Subash Thapa, Karin Hannes, Anne Buve, Shivani Bhattarai and Catharina Mathei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:162

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The correct knowledge of standard case definition is necessary for frontline health workers to diagnose suspected diseases across Africa. However, surveillance evaluations commonly assume this prerequisite. Th...

    Authors: Mitsuru Toda, Dejan Zurovac, Ian Njeru, David Kareko, Matilu Mwau and Kouichi Morita

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:146

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Starting in August 2015, there was an increase in the number of cases of neonatal microcephaly in Northeast Brazil. These findings were identified as being an epidemic of microcephaly related to Zika virus (ZI...

    Authors: Wayner Vieira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Enrique Vazquez, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes, Tereza Maciel Lyra, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araujo, André Luiz Sá de Oliveira, Maria Cynthia Braga, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Amanda Priscila de Santana Cabral Silva, Laura Rodrigues and Celina Maria Turchi Martelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:130

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Clinically diagnosed amoebic liver abscess (ALA) caused by Entamoeba histolytica has been an important public health problem in Jaffna district, northern Sri Lanka for last three decades. In order to draw up a co...

    Authors: Selvam Kannathasan, Arumugam Murugananthan, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Nilanthi Renuka de Silva, Nadarajah Rajeshkannan, Rashidul Haque and Devika Iddawela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:118

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, are focusing on the distribution of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) to combat malaria. However, utilization of the LLIN is low when compared wit...

    Authors: Mitiku Teshome Hambisa, Tessema Debela, Yadeta Dessie and Tesfaye Gobena

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:124

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Anthrax outbreaks in Tanzania have been reported from the human, livestock and wildlife sectors over several years, and is among the notifiable diseases. Despite frequent anthrax outbreaks, there is no compreh...

    Authors: Elibariki Reuben Mwakapeje, Sol Høgset, Robert Fyumagwa, Hezron Emmanuel Nonga, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:106

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The road map for childhood tuberculosis launched in 2013 provided strong renewed efforts focused towards zero deaths due to tuberculosis in children. From 2010, there were efforts to improve childhood tubercul...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Moorine Sekadde-Kasirye, Derrick Kimuli, Frank Mugabe and Deus Lukoye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:963

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