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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 17

  1. Intestinal parasitic infections are common in rural areas with poor infrastructure and low socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected parasitic infections in margina...

    Authors: Amer Al-Jawabreh, Suheir Ereqat, Kamal Dumaidi, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Ziad Abdeen and Abdelmajeed Nasereddin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1667

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide and has become a high global health priority. Accurate country level surveillance is critical to ending the pandemic. Effective routine reporting systems whic...

    Authors: Danju Zhou, Michelle Pender, Weixi Jiang, Wenhui Mao and Shenglan Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1664

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Infectious disease forecasting aims to predict characteristics of both seasonal epidemics and future pandemics. Accurate and timely infectious disease forecasts could aid public health responses by informing k...

    Authors: Chelsea S. Lutz, Mimi P. Huynh, Monica Schroeder, Sophia Anyatonwu, F. Scott Dahlgren, Gregory Danyluk, Danielle Fernandez, Sharon K. Greene, Nodar Kipshidze, Leann Liu, Osaro Mgbere, Lisa A. McHugh, Jennifer F. Myers, Alan Siniscalchi, Amy D. Sullivan, Nicole West…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1659

    Content type: Debate

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  4. The bidirectional relationship between the twin epidemics of Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes major global health challenges in the twenty-first century. TB-HIV co-infected peopl...

    Authors: Assefa Tola, Kirubel Minsamo Mishore, Yohanes Ayele, Abraham Nigussie Mekuria and Nanati Legese

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1658

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The World Health Organization recommends periodic evaluations of influenza surveillance systems to identify areas for improvement and provide evidence of data reliability for policymaking. However, data about ...

    Authors: Pélagie Babakazo, Joelle Kabamba-Tshilobo, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Léopold Lubula, Léonie Kitoko Manya, Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Wally Disasuani, Edith Nkwembe, Hugo Kavunga-Membo, Jean-Claude Changachanga, Saleh Muhemedi, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum and Stefano Tempia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1652

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although they are declining worldwide, neurotropic parasitic diseases are still common in developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence and pooled association m...

    Authors: Labanté Outcha Daré, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Daniel Gérard, Benoît Marin, Valerie Lameyre, Farid Boumédiène and Pierre-Marie Preux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1645

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Globally, an estimate of 254,928 measles cases in 2015 and 89,780 deaths in 2016 occur annually. In Nigeria, measles is the fifth leading causes of under-five child mortality with 342 confirmed cases found in ...

    Authors: Folajimi O. Shorunke, Oluwatoyin Adeola-Musa, Aisha Usman, Celestine Ameh, Endie Waziri and Stephen A. Adebowale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1636

    Content type: Research article

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  8. According to the 2015 report of the Joint United Nations Program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the prevalence rates of HIV infection among men who have s...

    Authors: P. H. Septime Hessou, Yolaine Glele-Ahanhanzo, Rheda Adekpedjou, Carin Ahouada, R. Christian Johnson, Michel Boko, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1634

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis, and Tuberculosis (TB) are three primary communicable infections have the likely potential to cause severe morbidity in prison settings. The prison has the most fa...

    Authors: Ahmad Wali, Dawood Khan, Nauman Safdar, Zeenat Shawani, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Aurangzeb Qadir, Sultan Ahmed, Hamayun Rashid, Bashir Ahmed and Shereen Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1631

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In Norway, Legionnaires’ disease is reportable upon clinical suspicion to public health authorities and mandatorily notifiable through the Norwegian surveillance system for communicable diseases (MSIS) for bot...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Heidi Lange, Siri Feruglio, Line Vold and Emily MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1624

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Global efforts to scale-up malaria control interventions are gaining steam. These include the use of Long-Lasting Insecticide Nets, Indoor Residual Spraying, Intermittent Preventive Treatment and Test, Treat a...

    Authors: Ignatius Cheng Ndong, Daniel Okyere, Juliana Yartey Enos, Benedicta A. Mensah, Alexander Nyarko, Benjamin Abuaku, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Corinne Simone C. Merle, Kwadwo Ansah Koram and Collins Stephen Ahorlu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1622

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Asymptomatic falciparum and non-falciparum malaria infections are major challenges to malaria control interventions, as they remain a source of continual infection in the community. This becomes even more importa...

    Authors: Linda Eva Amoah, Dickson Donu, Benjamin Abuaku, Colins Ahorlu, Daniel Arhinful, Edwin Afari, Keziah Malm and Kwadwo Ansah Koram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1617

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The identification and treatment of LTBI is a key component of the WHO’s strategy to eliminate TB. Recent migrants from high TB-incidence countries are recognised to be at risk TB reactivation, and many high-i...

    Authors: M. Burman, A. Copas, D. Zenner, V. Hickson, L. Gosce, D. Trathen, R. Ashcroft, A. R. Martineau, I. Abubakar, C. Griffiths and H. Kunst

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1598

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Almost one-third of deaths among people living with human immunodeficiency virus are attribut...

    Authors: Belisty Temesgen, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Nakachew Mekonnen Alamirew, Mamaru Wubale Melkamu, Yitbarek Tenaw Hibstie, Pammla Petrucka and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1566

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Owing to the continuous increase in the number of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Korea, public health centers (PHCs) have performed anonymous tests since 1989. No study has examined the pa...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Myeongsu Yoo, Jaehyung Seong, Ju-Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Joo-Shil Lee, Youngmee Jee, Kisoon Kim, Sung Soon Kim and Chun Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1563

    Content type: Research article

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  16. While the HPV vaccines have been approved by the US FDA since 2006, in recent years an increasing number of women are living with cervical cancer globally. Among them, Chinese women have a higher cervical canc...

    Authors: Mingyu Si, Xiaoyou Su, Yu Jiang, Youlin Qiao and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1546

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance has been adopted globally as a key strategy for monitoring the progress of the polio eradication initiative. Hereby, to evaluate the completeness of the ascertainment...

    Authors: Paola Stefanelli, Stefania Bellino, Stefano Fiore, Stefano Fontana, Concetta Amato and Gabriele Buttinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1532

    Content type: Research article

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  18. It has been 8 years since the first case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was reported in Saudi Arabia and the disease is still being reported in 27 countries; however, there is no in...

    Authors: Maryam Salamatbakhsh, Kazhal Mobaraki, Sara Sadeghimohammadi and Jamal Ahmadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1523

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The characteristics of recent HIV infections can provide the information about the dynamics of HIV transmission. Yunnan is one of the provinces hardest-hit by HIV-1 in China. To further understand the characte...

    Authors: Min Chen, Yanling Ma, Huichao Chen, Jie Dai, Hongbing Luo, Chaojun Yang, Lijuan Dong, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Li Yang, Lijun Song, Manhong Jia and Zhizhong Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1507

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) is widespread in high-TB-burden countries, however, BCG vaccination policies in low-burden countries vary. Considering the uncertainties surr...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Yoko Schreiber and Natalie Bocking

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1504

    Content type: Research article

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  21. International guidelines recommend that healthcare workers (HCWs) have presumptive evidence of immunity to rubella and that susceptible HCWs and doubt cases receive two doses of the MMR vaccine. However, a sma...

    Authors: Francesco Paolo Bianchi, Sara De Nitto, Pasquale Stefanizzi, Angela Maria Vittoria Larocca, Cinzia Annatea Germinario and Silvio Tafuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1490

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis is often more complex and toxic with longer treatment time and poor treatment outcomes including treatment failure or death. Monitoring drug-resistant tuberculosis ther...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Kindie Fentahun Muchie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1481

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pesticides remain the mainstay for the control of agricultural pests and disease vectors. However, their indiscriminate use in agriculture has led to development of resistance to both crop pests and disease ve...

    Authors: Anitha Philbert, Sylvester Leonard Lyantagaye and Gamba Nkwengulila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1456

    Content type: Research article

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  24. San Francisco has implemented several programs addressing the needs of two large vulnerable populations: people living with HIV and those who are homeless. Assessment of these programs on health outcomes is pa...

    Authors: Nancy A. Hessol, Monica Eng, Annie Vu, Sharon Pipkin, Ling C. Hsu and Susan Scheer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1440

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With the rise in prevalence of childhood tuberculosis (TB) globally, contact tracing should be a powerful strategy for early diagnosis and management, especially in children who are household contacts of activ...

    Authors: Noor Atika Azit, Aniza Ismail, Norfazilah Ahmad, Rohani Ismail and Shuhaily Ishak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1432

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Inability to track children’s vaccination history coupled with parents’ lack of awareness of vaccination due dates compounds the problem of low immunization coverage and timeliness in developing countries. Tra...

    Authors: Danya Arif Siddiqi, Mehr Munir, Mubarak Taighoon Shah, Aamir Javed Khan and Subhash Chandir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1421

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of death among pregnant women in South Africa. Isoniazid prevention therapy (IPT) strategy was implemented in South Africa concurrently with life-long antiretr...

    Authors: Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Nonkosi Selanto-Chairman, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Dominique Kabengele Kayembe, Daniel Ter Goon, Avramovic Gordana and John Lambert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1407

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Uganda is among the 51 countries where cholera outbreaks are common with epidemics occurring predominantly along the western border with Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kampala city slums, Busia district w...

    Authors: Jacob Stanley Iramiot, Innocent B. Rwego, Catherine Kansiime and Benon B. Asiimwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1405

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Childhood TB is an indicator of a recent transmission of the disease in a community and it is estimated to constitute 15–20% of all TB cases in many of developing countries. However, only few studies which dom...

    Authors: Gebremeskel Mirutse, Mingwang Fang, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay and Xiao Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1367

    Content type: Research article

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  30. HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) who use recreational drugs (RD) or excessive alcohol (EA) may be involved in risky sexual behaviours, including unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). This study descr...

    Authors: Zohar Mor, Dan Turner, Yuval Livnat and Itzchak Levy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1360

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Antiretroviral treatment (ART) has been shown to enhance the survival of people living with HIV worldwide. In Ethiopia, the number of ART users has increased from 47,422 in 2005 to 703,516 in 2017; yet, early ...

    Authors: Mahilet Berhanu Habte, Gurmesa Tura Debelew and Tsedach Alemu Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1349

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Diarrhea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, yet incidence and etiology data are limited. We conducted laboratory-based diarrhea surveillance in Guatemala.

    Authors: Wences Arvelo, Aron J. Hall, Olga Henao, Beatriz Lopez, Chris Bernart, Juan C. Moir, Lissette Reyes, Susan P. Montgomery, Oliver Morgan, Alejandra Estevez, Michele B. Parsons, Maria R. Lopez, Gerry Gomez, Jan Vinje, Nicole Gregoricus, Umesh Parashar…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1340

    Content type: Research article

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  33. It is well documented that Egypt has the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the world. The recent development of highly effective direct acting antiviral drugs (DAAs), has opened the po...

    Authors: Gamal Soliman, Mahmoud S. Elzalabany, Tarek Hassanein and F. DeWolfe Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1326

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a diverse country with high mortality and evidence of increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), but there is no reliable cause of death (COD) data because civil regist...

    Authors: Urarang Kitur, Tim Adair, Ian Riley and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1322

    Content type: Research article

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  35. HIV infection is a growing public health problem in Sierra Leone and the wider West Africa region. The countrywide HIV prevalence was estimated at 1.7% (67,000 people), with less than 30% receiving life-saving...

    Authors: Sulaiman Lakoh, Darlinda F. Jiba, Joseph E. Kanu, Eva Poveda, Angel Salgado-Barreira, Foday Sahr, Momodu Sesay, Gibrilla F. Deen, Tom Sesay, Wadzani Gashau, Robert A. Salata and George A. Yendewa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1320

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Integrated vector management (IVM) remains a key strategy in the fight against vector-borne diseases including malaria. However, impacts of the strategy should be regularly monitored based on feedback obtained...

    Authors: Abebe Asale, Dereje Kussa, Melaku Girma, Charles Mbogo and Clifford Maina Mutero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1318

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Chongqing reportedly has a large MSM population and a high STI prevalence in previous studies. However, most studies are attributed to independent cross-sectional studies, few studies have investigated trends ...

    Authors: Yangchang Zhang, Guohui Wu, Rongrong Lu, Wanyuan Xia, Ling Hu, Yang Xiong, Junhao Xie, Qiuhua Yu and Mengliang Ye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1314

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The awareness of symptoms and action towards heart attack and stroke is important to reduce the morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to develop a questi...

    Authors: Abdullah Abdulmajid Abdo Ahmed, Abdulkareem Mohammed AL-Shami, Shazia Jamshed and Abdul Rahman Fata Nahas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1300

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The hematological changes following the initial drug regimen has been poorly understood in Thailand. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of malaria parasite recurrence and hematological alterat...

    Authors: Manas Kotepui, Chuchard Punsawad, Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui, Voravuth Somsak, Nuoil Phiwklam and Bhukdee PhunPhuech

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1294

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Alcohol consumption is a known risk factor for liver disease in HIV-infected populations. Therefore, knowledge of alcohol consumption behaviour and risk of disease progression associated with hazardous drinkin...

    Authors: Milensu Shanyinde, Enrico Girardi, Massimo Puoti, Andrea De Luca, Laura Sighinolfi, Uberti Foppa Caterina, Pietro Caramello, Fiona C. Lampe, Antonella D’Arminio Monforte and Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1291

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Source case investigation, for children with tuberculosis (TB), is conducted to establish the source of infection and to minimize the extent of on-going transmission from infectious persons in the community. T...

    Authors: Madeeha Laghari, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Amer Hayat Khan, Bandeh Ali Talpur, Zohra Bhatti and Naheed Memon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1274

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A clear understanding of the epidemiology of malaria and dengue co-infection is essential for informed decisions on appropriate control strategies for dengue and malaria. This systematic review synthesized evi...

    Authors: Manas Kotepui and Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1148

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The cholera outbreak in 2018 in Nigeria reaffirms its public health threat to the country. Evidence on the current epidemiology of cholera required for the design and implementation of appropriate intervention...

    Authors: Kelly Osezele Elimian, Anwar Musah, Somto Mezue, Oyeronke Oyebanji, Sebastian Yennan, Arisekola Jinadu, Nanpring Williams, Adesola Ogunleye, Ibrahima Soce Fall, Michel Yao, Womi-Eteng Eteng, Patrick Abok, Michael Popoola, Martin Chukwuji, Linda Haj Omar, Eme Ekeng…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1264

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Mathematical and statistical models are used to project the future time course of infectious disease epidemics and the expected future burden on health care systems and economies. Influenza is a particularly i...

    Authors: Michael Li, Benjamin M. Bolker, Jonathan Dushoff, Junling Ma and David J.D. Earn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1237

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Globally childhood diarrhoeal diseases continue to be the second leading cause of death, while in Ethiopia it kills half-million under-five children each year. Sanitation, unsafe water and personal hygiene are...

    Authors: Behailu Melese, Wondimagegn Paulos, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn and Temesgen Bati Gelgelu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1235

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a widely used tool that has been proven to be effective in the prevention and control of malaria in malaria endemic countries. However, usage varies among households and can...

    Authors: Charles Njumkeng, Tobias O. Apinjoh, Judith K. Anchang-Kimbi, Elvis T. Amin, Elvis A. Tanue, Clarisse Njua-Yafi and Eric A. Achidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1216

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in high-risk groups is an effective strategy for TB control and elimination in low incidence settings. A nine-month course of daily isoniazid (INH) has been th...

    Authors: Marie Nancy Séraphin, HsiaoChu Hsu, Helena J. Chapman, Joanne L. de Andrade Bezerra, Lori Johnston, Yang Yang and Michael Lauzardo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1214

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Intestinal worm infection adversely impacted child health and was one of the China’s largest health burdens. However, yet little was known about associations between intestinal worm infection and malnutrition ...

    Authors: Ming Guan and Bingxue Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1204

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are conservatively estimated to be less than 1% of the Nigerian population yet nationally account for about 20% of new HIV infection. We estimated the trend in HIV prevalence an...

    Authors: George I.E Eluwa, Sylvia B. Adebajo, Titilope Eluwa, Obinna Ogbanufe, Oluwafunke Ilesanmi and Charles Nzelu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1201

    Content type: Research article

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