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Infectious disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. The relationship between socioeconomic status and the risk of contracting coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remains controversial. We aimed to investigate whether socioeconomic status affected the risk of contrac...

    Authors: Tak Kyu Oh, Jae-Wook Choi and In-Ae Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  2. COVID-19 is an emerging public health emergency of international concern. The trajectory of the global spread is worrisome, particularly in heavily populated countries such as Nigeria. The study objective was ...

    Authors: Ayo Stephen Adebowale, Adeniyi F. Fagbamigbe, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Olalekan K. Obisesan, Emmanuel J. Awosanya, Rotimi F. Afolabi, Selim A. Alarape and Sunday O. Obabiyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are still among the major public health issues in developing countries. Assessing the prevalence of IPIs and potential risk factors in different localities is essential t...

    Authors: Gedamu Gebreamlak Hailu and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Ukrainians numbering approximately 1.2 million are the largest migrant group in Poland. Data on vaccination coverage among migrants are not collected in EU, including Poland. Therefore, this qualitative study ...

    Authors: Maria Ganczak, Klaudia Bielecki, Marzena Drozd-Dąbrowska, Katarzyna Topczewska, Daniel Biesiada, Agnieszka Molas-Biesiada, Paulina Dubiel and Dermot Gorman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  5. During the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in Italy, infection among health-care professionals and in the context of welfare and health-care facilities was a significant concern. It is known that the elderly or those w...

    Authors: Giovanna Deiana, Antonio Azara, Marco Dettori, Fiorenzo Delogu, Gavino Vargiu, Isabella Gessa, Antonella Arghittu, Marcello Tidore, Giorgio Steri and Paolo Castiglia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infection and severe outcomes caused by influenza viruses in pregnant women and their children. In Ecuador, the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pr...

    Authors: Carlos E. Erazo, Carlos V. Erazo, Mario J. Grijalva and Ana L. Moncayo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) are key to preventing sexual transmission of HIV, whose sexual partners are at high risk of acquiring HIV.

    Authors: Laelson Rochelle Milanês Sousa, Henrique Ciabotti Elias, Nilo Martinez Fernandes, Elucir Gir and Renata Karina Reis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of our study was to analyse the influence of air temperature and implemented veterinary measures on salmonellosis incidence in the Czech Republic (CZ).

    Authors: Jan Kynčl, Michaela Špačková, Alena Fialová, Jan Kyselý and Marek Malý

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  9. As global progress to reduce malaria transmission continues, it is increasingly important to track changes in malaria incidence rather than prevalence. Risk estimates for Africa have largely underutilized avai...

    Authors: Simon P. Kigozi, Ruth N. Kigozi, Catherine M. Sebuguzi, Jorge Cano, Damian Rutazaana, Jimmy Opigo, Teun Bousema, Adoke Yeka, Anne Gasasira, Benn Sartorius and Rachel L. Pullan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1913

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding the COVID-19 among frontline healthcare workers (F-HCWs) working at different hospitals in Nepal and to identify the ...

    Authors: Nira Tamang, Punam Rai, Siddhartha Dhungana, Binod Sherchan, Bikash Shah, Prajjwal Pyakurel and Saroj Rai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1905

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Monovalent meningococcal C conjugate vaccine (MCCV) was introduced into the routine immunization program in many countries in Europe and worldwide following the emergence of meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) in...

    Authors: Myint Tin Tin Htar, Sally Jackson, Paul Balmer, Lidia Cristina Serra, Andrew Vyse, Mary Slack, Margarita Riera-Montes, David L. Swerdlow and Jamie Findlow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1890

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Despite the importance of self-reporting health in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) control, studies on self-reported sexually transmitted infections (SR-STIs) are scanty, especially in sub-Saharan Afric...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Justice Kanor Tetteh, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Joshua Okyere, Tarif Salihu, Kenneth Fosu Oteng, Eustace Bugase, Sampson Aboagye Osei, John Elvis Hagan Jr and Thomas Schack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1884

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection is a neglected tropical disease affecting approximately 1.5 billion people worldwide. In past decades, most studies focused on STH infection in preschool-aged and scho...

    Authors: Ratee Kache, Nonthapan Phasuk, Parnpen Viriyavejakul and Chuchard Punsawad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1882

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The global impact of COVID-19 and the country-specific responses to the pandemic provide an unparalleled opportunity to learn about different patterns of the outbreak and interventions. We model the global pat...

    Authors: David J. Warne, Anthony Ebert, Christopher Drovandi, Wenbiao Hu, Antonietta Mira and Kerrie Mengersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1868

    Content type: Research article

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  15. We assessed to what extent HIV self-testing would be incorporated by men who have sex with men (MSM) with previous testing history as their exclusive testing option and describe what actions they would take in...

    Authors: J. Hoyos, J. M. Guerras, K. Koutentakis, L. de la Fuente, J. Pulido, L. Sordo, F. Vallejo and M. J. Belza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1865

    Content type: Research article

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  16. HIV-syphilis co-infection can enhance the rapid progression of early or late latent syphilis to neurosyphilis and can cause catastrophic neurological complications. In studies in Mwanza, syphilis affects ~ 8% ...

    Authors: Adeodatus Haule, Betrand Msemwa, Evarista Mgaya, Peter Masikini and Samuel Kalluvya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1862

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a pandemic. The knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the public play a major role in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. The objective of the pr...

    Authors: Huiming Gao, Rujun Hu, Ling Yin, Xiaoli Yuan, Hao Tang, Lan Luo, Mei Chen, Di Huang, Ying Wang, Anyong Yu and Zhixia Jiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1816

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite coverage and benefits associated with the prevention of mothers to child transmission (PMTCT) services, mothers’ adherence to option B plus is still a challenge. Though few primary studies are availabl...

    Authors: Reta Tsegaye, Werku Etafa, Bizuneh Wakuma, Getu Mosisa, Diriba Mulisa and Tadesse Tolossa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1812

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mathematical modelling of infectious diseases is a powerful tool for the design of management policies and a fundamental part of the arsenal currently deployed to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Lía Mayorga, Clara García Samartino, Gabriel Flores, Sofía Masuelli, María V. Sánchez, Luis S. Mayorga and Cristián G. Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1809

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading worldwide. Italy emerged early on as the country with the largest outbreak outside Asia. The outbreak in Northern Italy demonstrates that it is fundamental to contain the vir...

    Authors: M. Supino, A. d’Onofrio, F. Luongo, G. Occhipinti and A. Dal Co

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1806

    Content type: Correspondence

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  21. In August 2016, Ethiopia endorsed a universal “test and treat” strategy for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) based on World Health Organization recommendation. However, there is limited ...

    Authors: Ismael Ahmed, Meaza Demissie, Alemayehu Worku, Salem Gugsa and Yemane Berhane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1802

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The Nigerian HIV Geriatric Cohort (NHGC) is a longitudinal cohort setup to learn how elderly people living with HIV (EPLHIV) in Nigeria fare, despite not being prioritized by the national treatment program, an...

    Authors: Patrick Dakum, Yohanna Kambai Avong, Michael Kolawole Odutola, James Okuma, Gbenga Ayodele Kayode, Iboro Ekpo Nta, Nicaise Ndembi, Charles Mensah, Hadiza Khamofu, Prosper Okonkwo, John Oko Okpanachi and Echezona Ezeanolue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1797

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The economic, psychological, and social impact of pandemics and social distancing measures prompt the urgent need to determine the efficacy of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), especially those consider...

    Authors: Alexandra Medline, Lamar Hayes, Katia Valdez, Ami Hayashi, Farnoosh Vahedi, Will Capell, Jake Sonnenberg, Zoe Glick and Jeffrey D. Klausner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1750

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Disease surveillance is central to the public health understanding of pertussis epidemiology. In Canada, public reporting practices have significantly changed over time, creating challenges in accurately chara...

    Authors: Edward Thommes, Jianhong Wu, Yanyu Xiao, Antigona Tomovici, Jason Lee and Ayman Chit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1749

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Direct observation of the household spread of influenza and respiratory infections is limited; much of our understanding comes from mathematical models. The study aims to determine household incidence of influ...

    Authors: Simon de Lusignan, Julian Sherlock, Oluwafunmi Akinyemi, Richard Pebody, Alex Elliot, Rachel Byford, Ivelina Yonova, Maria Zambon and Mark Joy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1748

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Kondo Rural Health Centre recorded 27 malaria patients between the 27th of January 2019 and the 2nd of February 2019 against an epidemic threshold of 19 with the malaria outbreak being confirmed on the 5th of ...

    Authors: T. T. Masango, T. K. Nyadzayo, N. T. Gombe, T. P. Juru, G. Shambira, S. Chiwanda and M. T. Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1745

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Case-fatality from COVID-19 has been reported to be relatively high in patients age 65 years or older. We sought to determine the age-specific rates of COVID-19 mortality at the population level.

    Authors: N. David Yanez, Noel S. Weiss, Jacques-André Romand and Miriam M. Treggiari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1742

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mathematical modeling studies have suggested that pre-emptive school closures alone have little overall impact on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, but reopening schools in the background of community contact reduction...

    Authors: Benjamin Lee, John P. Hanley, Sarah Nowak, Jason H. T. Bates and Laurent Hébert-Dufresne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1713

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Non-adherence to anti-TB treatment is one of the crucial challenges in improving tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes and reducing healthcare costs. The poor adherence to anti-TB treatment among patients with ...

    Authors: Dessalegn Ajema, Tamiru Shibru, Temesgen Endalew and Selamawit Gebeyehu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1705

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Respiratory syncytial virus infection is the leading cause of bronchiolitis in Colombia. There is growing evidence about the impact of Respiratory syncytial virus on society in terms of years of life lost due ...

    Authors: Juana Patricia Sánchez Villamil, Fernando P. Polack and Jefferson Antonio Buendía

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1679

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in the European Union, European Economic Area and United Kingdom is driven by injecting drug use (IDU), which contributes to the high burden of chronic infection among peop...

    Authors: Aya Olivia Nakitanda, Linda Montanari, Lara Tavoschi, Antons Mozalevskis and Erika Duffell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1670

    Content type: Research article

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  32. South Africa is home to more people living with HIV than any other country, including nearly one in three pregnant women attending antenatal care. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased substanti...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Babatyi Malope-Kgokong, Jacob Bor, Cornelius Nattey, Maanda Mudau and Mhairi Maskew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1662

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. At present, the Americas report the largest number of cases of COVID-19 worldwide. In this region, Mexico is the third country with most deaths (20,781 total deaths). A sum that may be explained by the high pr...

    Authors: Guillermo Salinas-Escudero, María Fernanda Carrillo-Vega, Víctor Granados-García, Silvia Martínez-Valverde, Filiberto Toledano-Toledano and Juan Garduño-Espinosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1616

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1831

  34. Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a worldwide zoonotic disease, is affected by various biological and environmental factors. We investigated dog/livestock populations, climatic and environmental factors influencing ...

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Koorosh Nikaein, Walter Robert Taylor, Mehdi Karamian, Hasan Alidadi, Zahra Kanannejad, Faezeh Sehatpour, Fateme Zarei and Gholamreza Pouladfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1611

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A low prevalence of HIV in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients has been reported in the literature though mechanisms for this are not understood.

    Authors: P. F. Blatyta, S. Kelly, T. T. Goncalez, A. B. Carneiro-Proietti, T. Salomon, C. Miranda, E. Sabino, L. Preiss, C. Maximo, P. Loureiro, B. Custer and C. de Almeida-Neto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1606

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global health problem. The epidemic is very serious in sub-Saharan Africa with approximately 70% of the global cases. The disease particularly affects youth, a...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew Abate, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Melese Abate Reta, Gillian H. Ice and Zelalem T. Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1603

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In the UK certain groups with pre-disposing conditions are eligible for vaccination with the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). Uptake of the vaccine in these individuals has not been reported for 10...

    Authors: Ian Matthews, Xiaoyan Lu, Qian Xia, Wynona Black and Bayad Nozad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Syphilis and gonorrhea reached an all-time high in 2018. The resurgence of syphilis and gonorrhea requires innovative methods of sexual contact tracing that encourage disclosure of same-sex sexual contacts tha...

    Authors: Janet E. Rosenbaum, Jacky Jennings, Jonathan M. Ellen, Laurel M. Borkovic, Jo-Ann Scott, Charleen Wylie and Anne Rompalo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1526

    Content type: Research article

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  39. People with occupations that require them to spend time working outdoors in suitable tick habitats are predicted to be at an increased risk for tick-borne diseases (TBDs). However, few studies have assessed th...

    Authors: Anna Schotthoefer, Kathryn Stinebaugh, Michael Martin and Claudia Munoz-Zanzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1575

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a major global public health challenge. This study aimed to investigate on how people perceive the COVID-19 outbreak using the components of the Ext...

    Authors: Leila Jahangiry, Fatemeh Bakhtari, Zahara Sohrabi, Parvin Reihani, Sirous Samei, Koen Ponnet and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1571

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Individuals living in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas are often at risk of having other communicable diseases simultaneously. This usually creates diagnostic difficulties leading to misdiagnosis and overloo...

    Authors: Tariro L. Mduluza-Jokonya, Thajasvarie Naicker, Luxwell Jokonya, Herald Midzi, Arthur Vengesai, Maritha Kasambala, Emilia Choto, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Elopy Sibanda, Francisca Mutapi and Takafira Mduluza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1570

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Early diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) are the mainstay of global and national TB control efforts. However, the gap between expected and reported cases persists for various reasons attributable to ...

    Authors: Adedapo Olufemi Bashorun, Christopher Linda, Semeeh Omoleke, Lindsay Kendall, Simon D. Donkor, Ma-Ansu Kinteh, Baba Danso, Lamin Leigh, Sheriff Kandeh, Umberto D’Alessandro and Ifedayo Morayo O. Adetifa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1566

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The individual infectiousness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), quantified by the number of secondary cases of a typical index case, is conventionally modelled by a negative-binomial (NB) distribution. B...

    Authors: Daihai He, Shi Zhao, Xiaoke Xu, Qiangying Lin, Zian Zhuang, Peihua Cao, Maggie H. Wang, Yijun Lou, Li Xiao, Ye Wu and Lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1558

    Content type: Correspondence

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  44. Spatial visualization of HIV surveillance data could improve the planning of programs to address the HIV epidemic. The objectives of the study were to describe the characteristics and the spatial distribution ...

    Authors: Cristina Agustí, Núria Font-Casaseca, Francesc Belvis, Mireia Julià, Núria Vives, Alexandra Montoliu, Juan M. Pericàs, Jordi Casabona and Joan Benach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1533

    Content type: Research article

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  45. This study was intended to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 clusters and the severity distribution of clinical symptoms of involved cases in Sichuan Province, so as to provide inform...

    Authors: Suling Mao, Ting Huang, Heng Yuan, Min Li, Xiaomei Huang, Changxiao Yang, Xingyu Zhou, Xiuwei Cheng, Qian Su and Xianping Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1525

    Content type: Research article

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