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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 17

  1. Peer navigation is a promising strategy to link at-risk minority men who have sex with men (MSM) to HIV prevention services including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

    Authors: Jade Pagkas-Bather, Jahn Jaramillo, Jsani Henry, Vanessa Grandberry, Luis F. Ramirez, Lorenzo Cervantes, Joanne D. Stekler, Michele P. Andrasik and Susan M. Graham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2016, India reported 709 acute diarrheal disease (ADD) outbreaks (> 25% of all outbreaks). Tribal populations are at higher risk with 27% not having accessibility to safe drinking water and 75% households n...

    Authors: Kiran Kumar Maramraj, G. Subbalakshmi, Mohammed Shahed Ali, Tanzin Dikid, Rajesh Yadav, Samir V. Sodha, Sudhir Kumar Jain and Sujeet Kumar Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The purpose of our study was to describe and evaluate management, performance and results of Tuberculosis (TB)-screening among refugees and asylum seekers in a rural area in Germany in 2015.

    Authors: Susanne Tewes, Bennet Hensen, Alexandra Jablonka, Dana Gawe, Maija Kastikainen, Christine Happle, Julia Carlens, Lars-Daniel Berthold and Frank Wacker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In Austria paediatric influenza-associated hospitalisations and deaths have never been systematically monitored. We examined the influenza season 2017/18 in terms of hospitalisation and mortality in the Austri...

    Authors: Benno Kohlmaier, Vendula Svendova, Thomas Walcher, Heidemarie Pilch, Larissa Krenn, Herbert Kurz, Karl Zwiauer and Werner Zenz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Tanzania has witnessed a significant decrease in the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis in the general population attributed to several interventional measures. It is uncertai...

    Authors: Rahim H. Kawambwa, Mtebe V. Majigo, Ahmed A. Mohamed and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:177

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Women of childbearing age are at high risk of developing depression and antenatal depression is one of the most common mood disorders. Antenatal depression is also associated with a number of poor maternal and...

    Authors: Abel Fekadu Dadi, Emma R. Miller, Telake Azale Bisetegn and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Enteroviruses (EVs) are most commonly associated with either mild or asymptomatic infections, however, the presence of silent carriers in the community has been proven to play a crucial role in the spread of d...

    Authors: Maria Melissa Ann Jiao, Lea Necitas Apostol, Maricel de Quiroz-Castro, Youngmee Jee, Vito Roque Jr, Manuel Mapue II, Frances Marsha Navarro, Cleo Fe Tabada and Amado Tandoc III

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Leprosy is a public health problem and a challenge for endemic countries, especially in their border regions where there are intense migration flows. The study aimed to analyse the dynamics of leprosy, in orde...

    Authors: Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Antônio Carlos Viera Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Josilene Dália Alves, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Carla Nunes and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Numerous studies have been carried out on assessing the prevalence of intestinal parasites infections (IPIs) amongpreschool and school-age children in Ethiopia, but there is lack of study systematically gather...

    Authors: Legese Chelkeba, Zeleke Mekonnen, Yonas Alemu and Daniel Emana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Listeria monocytogenes causes the foodborne infection listeriosis. Pregnant women, infants and immunocompromised children are at increased risk for infection. The aim of this study was to describe the trends in t...

    Authors: Emma Jeffs, Jonathan Williman, Cheryl Brunton, Joanna Gullam and Tony Walls

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The national burden of human immunodeficiency virus treatment failure and associated factors in the Ethiopian context is required to provide evidence towards a renewed ambitious future goal.

    Authors: Aklilu Endalamaw, Mengistu Mekonnen, Demeke Geremew, Fikadu Ambaw Yehualashet, Hiwot Tesera and Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Intestinal parasites remain considerable public health problems in low-income countries where poor food hygiene practice is common. Food handlers, people involved in preparing and serving food, working with po...

    Authors: Yonas Yimam, Ambachew Woreta and Mehdi Mohebali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the major public health challenges generating a relevant burden. High-risk groups, including people who inject drugs (PWID), are at serious risk for developing HCV. ...

    Authors: Masoud Behzadifar, Meysam Behzadifar and Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite the recent increase in HIV infections among adolescents, little is known about their HIV knowledge and perceptions. This study, therefore, sought to examine the factors associated with comprehensive HI...

    Authors: Titilope Badru, Jefferson Mwaisaka, Hadiza Khamofu, Chinedu Agbakwuru, Oluwasanmi Adedokun, Satish Raj Pandey, Patrick Essiet, Ezekiel James, Annie Chen-Carrington, Timothy D. Mastro, Sani H. Aliyu and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Young people account for more than a quarter of new HIV infections in the US, with the majority of cases among young men who have sex with men; young transgender women are also vulnerable to infection. Substan...

    Authors: Lisa M. Kuhns, Niranjan Karnik, Anna Hotton, Abigail Muldoon, Geri Donenberg, Kristin Keglovitz, Moira McNulty, John Schneider, Faith Summersett-Williams and Robert Garofalo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:30

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. A large number of students at a school in Guangzhou city developed a sudden onset of symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting. To help control the outbreak, we conducted an epidemiological investigation to determine ...

    Authors: Ying Lu, Mengmeng Ma, Hui Wang, Dahu Wang, Chun Chen, Qinlong Jing, Jinmei Geng, Tiegang Li, Zhoubin Zhang and Zhicong Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Invasive group A Streptococcus (iGAS) disease is serious and sometimes life-threatening. The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) Network collects voluntary notifications from seven major Austr...

    Authors: Jane Oliver, Elise Thielemans, Alissa McMinn, Ciara Baker, Philip N. Britton, Julia E. Clark, Helen S. Marshall, Christopher C. Blyth, Joshua Francis, Jim Buttery, Andrew C. Steer and Nigel W. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1750

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Street child is any child whose age is less than 18 years for whom the street has become his or her habitual abode and/or source of livelihood, is inadequately protected, supervised or directed by responsible ...

    Authors: Sabit Zenu, Eshetu Alemayehu and Kifle Woldemichael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1731

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To reveal the ethnic disparity in the pneumonia-specific mortality rates of children under the age of 5 years (PU5MRs) and provide suggestions regarding priority interventions to reduce preventable under-five-...

    Authors: Min Luo, Ziling Zhao, Linkun He, Bingzhong Su, Weixin Liu and Gang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1722

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Tuberculosis (TB) makes a big challenge to public health, especially in high TB burden counties of China and Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). The aim of this study was to identify the spatial-temporal dynamic p...

    Authors: Jinou Chen, Yubing Qiu, Rui Yang, Ling Li, Jinglong Hou, Kunyun Lu and Lin Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1715

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Between 1975 and 1985 a total of 91 Danish patients with moderate and severe hemophilia (PWH) was infected with HIV constituting a major scandal in the Danish health care system. This study describes the burde...

    Authors: Emilie B. Ingvorsen, Christina Schnohr, Terkel Andersen, Lars Lehrmann, Eva Funding, Lone H. Poulsen, Karen B. Holm, Alex L. Laursen, Jan Gerstoft and Jakob B. Bjorner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1714

    Content type: Research article

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  22. All aged individuals with a chronic condition and those with 65 and more years are at increased risk of severe influenza post-infection complications. There is limited research on cases averted by the yearly v...

    Authors: Ausenda Machado, Irina Kislaya, Amparo Larrauri, Carlos Matias Dias and Baltazar Nunes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1690

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Migrants represent an increasing proportion of people living with HIV in many developed countries. We aimed to describe the HIV care cascade and baseline genotypic resistance for newly diagnosed asylum seekers...

    Authors: Nadine Kronfli, Blake Linthwaite, Nancy Sheehan, Joseph Cox, Isabelle Hardy, Bertrand Lebouché, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Charles Frenette, Michel Roger and Marina B. Klein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1683

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Intestinal parasitic infections are common in rural areas with poor infrastructure and low socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected parasitic infections in margina...

    Authors: Amer Al-Jawabreh, Suheir Ereqat, Kamal Dumaidi, Hanan Al-Jawabreh, Ziad Abdeen and Abdelmajeed Nasereddin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1667

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide and has become a high global health priority. Accurate country level surveillance is critical to ending the pandemic. Effective routine reporting systems whic...

    Authors: Danju Zhou, Michelle Pender, Weixi Jiang, Wenhui Mao and Shenglan Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1664

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Infectious disease forecasting aims to predict characteristics of both seasonal epidemics and future pandemics. Accurate and timely infectious disease forecasts could aid public health responses by informing k...

    Authors: Chelsea S. Lutz, Mimi P. Huynh, Monica Schroeder, Sophia Anyatonwu, F. Scott Dahlgren, Gregory Danyluk, Danielle Fernandez, Sharon K. Greene, Nodar Kipshidze, Leann Liu, Osaro Mgbere, Lisa A. McHugh, Jennifer F. Myers, Alan Siniscalchi, Amy D. Sullivan, Nicole West…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1659

    Content type: Debate

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  27. The bidirectional relationship between the twin epidemics of Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes major global health challenges in the twenty-first century. TB-HIV co-infected peopl...

    Authors: Assefa Tola, Kirubel Minsamo Mishore, Yohanes Ayele, Abraham Nigussie Mekuria and Nanati Legese

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1658

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The World Health Organization recommends periodic evaluations of influenza surveillance systems to identify areas for improvement and provide evidence of data reliability for policymaking. However, data about ...

    Authors: Pélagie Babakazo, Joelle Kabamba-Tshilobo, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Léopold Lubula, Léonie Kitoko Manya, Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Wally Disasuani, Edith Nkwembe, Hugo Kavunga-Membo, Jean-Claude Changachanga, Saleh Muhemedi, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum and Stefano Tempia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1652

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although they are declining worldwide, neurotropic parasitic diseases are still common in developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence and pooled association m...

    Authors: Labanté Outcha Daré, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Daniel Gérard, Benoît Marin, Valerie Lameyre, Farid Boumédiène and Pierre-Marie Preux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1645

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Globally, an estimate of 254,928 measles cases in 2015 and 89,780 deaths in 2016 occur annually. In Nigeria, measles is the fifth leading causes of under-five child mortality with 342 confirmed cases found in ...

    Authors: Folajimi O. Shorunke, Oluwatoyin Adeola-Musa, Aisha Usman, Celestine Ameh, Endie Waziri and Stephen A. Adebowale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1636

    Content type: Research article

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  31. According to the 2015 report of the Joint United Nations Program on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the prevalence rates of HIV infection among men who have s...

    Authors: P. H. Septime Hessou, Yolaine Glele-Ahanhanzo, Rheda Adekpedjou, Carin Ahouada, R. Christian Johnson, Michel Boko, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun and Michel Alary

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1634

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis, and Tuberculosis (TB) are three primary communicable infections have the likely potential to cause severe morbidity in prison settings. The prison has the most fa...

    Authors: Ahmad Wali, Dawood Khan, Nauman Safdar, Zeenat Shawani, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Aurangzeb Qadir, Sultan Ahmed, Hamayun Rashid, Bashir Ahmed and Shereen Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1631

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In Norway, Legionnaires’ disease is reportable upon clinical suspicion to public health authorities and mandatorily notifiable through the Norwegian surveillance system for communicable diseases (MSIS) for bot...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Heidi Lange, Siri Feruglio, Line Vold and Emily MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1624

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Global efforts to scale-up malaria control interventions are gaining steam. These include the use of Long-Lasting Insecticide Nets, Indoor Residual Spraying, Intermittent Preventive Treatment and Test, Treat a...

    Authors: Ignatius Cheng Ndong, Daniel Okyere, Juliana Yartey Enos, Benedicta A. Mensah, Alexander Nyarko, Benjamin Abuaku, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Corinne Simone C. Merle, Kwadwo Ansah Koram and Collins Stephen Ahorlu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1622

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Asymptomatic falciparum and non-falciparum malaria infections are major challenges to malaria control interventions, as they remain a source of continual infection in the community. This becomes even more importa...

    Authors: Linda Eva Amoah, Dickson Donu, Benjamin Abuaku, Colins Ahorlu, Daniel Arhinful, Edwin Afari, Keziah Malm and Kwadwo Ansah Koram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1617

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The identification and treatment of LTBI is a key component of the WHO’s strategy to eliminate TB. Recent migrants from high TB-incidence countries are recognised to be at risk TB reactivation, and many high-i...

    Authors: M. Burman, A. Copas, D. Zenner, V. Hickson, L. Gosce, D. Trathen, R. Ashcroft, A. R. Martineau, I. Abubakar, C. Griffiths and H. Kunst

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1598

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Almost one-third of deaths among people living with human immunodeficiency virus are attribut...

    Authors: Belisty Temesgen, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Nakachew Mekonnen Alamirew, Mamaru Wubale Melkamu, Yitbarek Tenaw Hibstie, Pammla Petrucka and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1566

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Owing to the continuous increase in the number of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Korea, public health centers (PHCs) have performed anonymous tests since 1989. No study has examined the pa...

    Authors: Mee-Kyung Kee, Myeongsu Yoo, Jaehyung Seong, Ju-Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Joo-Shil Lee, Youngmee Jee, Kisoon Kim, Sung Soon Kim and Chun Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1563

    Content type: Research article

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  39. While the HPV vaccines have been approved by the US FDA since 2006, in recent years an increasing number of women are living with cervical cancer globally. Among them, Chinese women have a higher cervical canc...

    Authors: Mingyu Si, Xiaoyou Su, Yu Jiang, Youlin Qiao and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1546

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance has been adopted globally as a key strategy for monitoring the progress of the polio eradication initiative. Hereby, to evaluate the completeness of the ascertainment...

    Authors: Paola Stefanelli, Stefania Bellino, Stefano Fiore, Stefano Fontana, Concetta Amato and Gabriele Buttinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1532

    Content type: Research article

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  41. It has been 8 years since the first case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was reported in Saudi Arabia and the disease is still being reported in 27 countries; however, there is no in...

    Authors: Maryam Salamatbakhsh, Kazhal Mobaraki, Sara Sadeghimohammadi and Jamal Ahmadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1523

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The characteristics of recent HIV infections can provide the information about the dynamics of HIV transmission. Yunnan is one of the provinces hardest-hit by HIV-1 in China. To further understand the characte...

    Authors: Min Chen, Yanling Ma, Huichao Chen, Jie Dai, Hongbing Luo, Chaojun Yang, Lijuan Dong, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Li Yang, Lijun Song, Manhong Jia and Zhizhong Song

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1507

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) is widespread in high-TB-burden countries, however, BCG vaccination policies in low-burden countries vary. Considering the uncertainties surr...

    Authors: Lena Faust, Yoko Schreiber and Natalie Bocking

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1504

    Content type: Research article

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  44. International guidelines recommend that healthcare workers (HCWs) have presumptive evidence of immunity to rubella and that susceptible HCWs and doubt cases receive two doses of the MMR vaccine. However, a sma...

    Authors: Francesco Paolo Bianchi, Sara De Nitto, Pasquale Stefanizzi, Angela Maria Vittoria Larocca, Cinzia Annatea Germinario and Silvio Tafuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1490

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis is often more complex and toxic with longer treatment time and poor treatment outcomes including treatment failure or death. Monitoring drug-resistant tuberculosis ther...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Kindie Fentahun Muchie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1481

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Pesticides remain the mainstay for the control of agricultural pests and disease vectors. However, their indiscriminate use in agriculture has led to development of resistance to both crop pests and disease ve...

    Authors: Anitha Philbert, Sylvester Leonard Lyantagaye and Gamba Nkwengulila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1456

    Content type: Research article

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  47. San Francisco has implemented several programs addressing the needs of two large vulnerable populations: people living with HIV and those who are homeless. Assessment of these programs on health outcomes is pa...

    Authors: Nancy A. Hessol, Monica Eng, Annie Vu, Sharon Pipkin, Ling C. Hsu and Susan Scheer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1440

    Content type: Research article

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  48. With the rise in prevalence of childhood tuberculosis (TB) globally, contact tracing should be a powerful strategy for early diagnosis and management, especially in children who are household contacts of activ...

    Authors: Noor Atika Azit, Aniza Ismail, Norfazilah Ahmad, Rohani Ismail and Shuhaily Ishak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1432

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Inability to track children’s vaccination history coupled with parents’ lack of awareness of vaccination due dates compounds the problem of low immunization coverage and timeliness in developing countries. Tra...

    Authors: Danya Arif Siddiqi, Mehr Munir, Mubarak Taighoon Shah, Aamir Javed Khan and Subhash Chandir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1421

    Content type: Study protocol

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