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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 18

  1. Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) infection is a significant public health problem in Ethiopia, and has wide distribution in the country. The impact of the disease is particularly high on school-age children. Nati...

    Authors: Abebaw Tiruneh, Daniel Kahase, Endalew Zemene, Eyob Tekalign, Absra Solomon and Zeleke Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:769

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Oshikhandass is a rural village in northern Pakistan where a 1989–1991 verbal autopsy study showed that diarrhea and pneumonia were the top causes of under-5 mortality. Intensive surveillance, active community...

    Authors: C. L. Hansen, B. J. J. McCormick, S. I. Azam, K. Ahmed, J. M. Baker, E. Hussain, A. Jahan, A. F. Jamison, S. L. Knobler, N. Samji, W. H. Shah, D. J. Spiro, E. D. Thomas, C. Viboud and Z. A. Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:759

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Perceiving a personal risk for HIV infection is considered important for engaging in HIV prevention behaviour and often targeted in HIV prevention interventions. However, there is limited evidence for assumed ...

    Authors: Robin Schaefer, Ranjeeta Thomas, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Noah Kadzura, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:756

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Milk is a nutrient-rich food that makes an important contribution to diets in several Low and Middle Income Countries such as Senegal. Milk can also harbour several pathogenic microorganisms. As in other low a...

    Authors: Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Laura Craighead, Andrée Prisca Ndjoug Ndour, Damitoti Yempabou, Elhadji Ba, Rianatou Bada-Alambedji, Ayayi Justin Akakpo and Javier Guitian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:742

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Household Contacts (HHCs) of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) have a higher risk of developing TB. Contact investigation is recommended to reach this group and identify undiagnosed cases. In this stu...

    Authors: Mubarek A. Yassin, Kesetebirhan D. Yirdaw, Daniel G. Datiko, Luis E. Cuevas and Mohammed A. Yassin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:737

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable diseases and death for all individuals, even more so for people living with HIV (PLWH), due to their status of chronic inflammation. To date, in Italy no study was...

    Authors: Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Marta Pasqualini, Elena Ricci, Paolo Maggi, Giancarlo Orofino, Nicola Squillace, Barbara Menzaghi, Giordano Madeddu, Lucia Taramasso, Daniela Francisci, Paolo Bonfanti, Francesca Vichi, Marco dell’Omo and Luca Pieroni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:734

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Along with sexual partners of other high-risk groups, men who purchase sex (MWPS) represented 18% of new HIV diagnoses worldwide in 2018. They are therefore an important population for HIV prevention globally....

    Authors: Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, John Kaldor and Rebecca Guy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:730

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Currently, there is an increased flow of refugees into Ethiopia from neighboring countries. However, there are no post-arrival screening mechanisms for hepatitis B and C viruses which could be an additional bu...

    Authors: Abiyu Ayele, Dessie Abera, Melese Hailu, Muluken Birhanu and Kassu Desta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:721

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk of developing opportunistic infections due to either the disease itself or to treatment with immunosuppressants. This risk can be reduced throu...

    Authors: Cristina García-Serrano, Glòria Mirada, Josep R Marsal, Marta Ortega, Joaquim Sol, Rubén Solano, Eva M Artigues and Pepi Estany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:713

    Content type: Research article

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  10. An infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the obligatory aetiological factor for the development of cervical cancer. In Switzerland, the prevention strategy for cervical cancer is based on prim...

    Authors: André B. Kind, Andrew Pavelyev, Smita Kothari, Nadia El Mouaddin, Aurélie Schmidt, Edith Morais, Patrik Guggisberg and Florian Lienert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:671

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Data on the burden of mumps in South Africa are limited and the epidemiology of mumps in this setting is not well understood. We present an analysis of mumps data in South Africa from 2012 to 2017.

    Authors: Mpho Lerato Sikhosana, Lazarus Kuonza and Nkengafac Villyen Motaze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:668

    Content type: Research article

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  12. People with a condition subject to stigmatisation, such as chronic hepatitis B, face the dilemma of whether or not to disclose their status. In Ghana, 12.3% of the adult population has the hepatitis B virus (H...

    Authors: Charles Ampong Adjei, Sarah E. Stutterheim, Florence Naab and Robert A. C. Ruiter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:663

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although much progress has been made in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality worldwide in the last decade, nationally malaria remains the third leading cause of death and still considered a major public he...

    Authors: Mebrate Dufera, Regea Dabsu and Gemechu Tiruneh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:655

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Tuberculosis (TB) transmission has long been recognized as an important occupational hazard for healthcare workers (HCWs). HCWs have a 5.8% annual risk of exposure and three times greater risk of developing ac...

    Authors: Juana Sedamano, Alvaro Schwalb, Rodrigo Cachay, Carlos Zamudio, César Ugarte-Gil, Gabriela Soto-Cabezas, César V. Munayco and Carlos Seas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:612

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hepatitis C virus infection is the most commonly reported bloodborne infection in Pakistan. Frequent blood transfusions in β-thalassemia patients expose them to a high risk of HCV infection. The purpose of this p...

    Authors: Sohail Akhtar, Jamal Abdul Nasir and Andrew Hinde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:587

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In Nunavik, Arctic rabies is still endemic due to a spillover from wildlife to dogs. The prevention of human exposure and the management of potential exposure is a significant public health concern in this reg...

    Authors: Sarah Mediouni, Mario Brisson and André Ravel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:584

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria symptoms reduces the risk of severe complication and malaria transmission. However, delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment is a major public health problem in India. ...

    Authors: Himanshu K. Chaturvedi, Ram C. Bajpai and Preeti Tiwari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:572

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Direct observed treatment (DOT) has been implemented in Bhutan since 1997 and currently, it is offered in various model of delivery including a combination of hospital based, home based DOT and ambulatory DOT....

    Authors: Kunzang Dorji, Trisasi Lestari, Sonam Jamtsho and Yodi Mahendradhata

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acute arboviral infections are distributed worldwide including Sudan, and dengue fever (DENV) is not an exception. The virus activity has recently been frequently reported in Kassala State, eastern Sudan. Howe...

    Authors: Mawahib H. Eldigail, Hazem A. Abubaker, Fatima A. Khalid, Tajeldin M. Abdallah, Ibrahim A. Adam, Gamal K. Adam, Rabie A. Babiker, Mohamed E. Ahmed, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mobile HIV testing services (HTS) are effective at reaching undiagnosed people living with HIV. However, linkage to HIV care from mobile HTS is often poor, ranging from 10 to 60%. Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testi...

    Authors: Rosa Sloot, Mary T. Glenshaw, Margaret van Niekerk and Sue-Ann Meehan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) comprise 20 communicable diseases that are prevalent in rural poor and remote communities with less access to the health system. For effective and efficient control, the WHO ...

    Authors: Aboa Paul Koffi, Théodore Ange Kouakou Yao, Yves Thierry Barogui, Gabriel Diez, Simplice Djakeaux, Marie Hélène Zahiri, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Silvia Santos, Kingsley Bampoe Asiedu, Roch Christian Johnson and Henri Assé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Brucellosis is a serious public health problem primarily affecting livestock workers. The strong seasonality of the disease indicates that climatic factors may play important roles in the transmission of the d...

    Authors: Kun Liu, Zurong Yang, Weifeng Liang, Tianci Guo, Yong Long and Zhongjun Shao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:506

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Successful treatment of tuberculosis leads to clinical and public health benefits such as reduction in transmission, complications, and mortality among patients. However, data are limited on treatment outcomes...

    Authors: Jonathan Izudi, Imelda K. Tamwesigire and Francis Bajunirwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Achieving the 95–95-95 global targets by 2030, innovative HIV testing models, such as HIV self-testing are needed for people, who are unaware of their HIV status. We aimed to explore key informants, mountain c...

    Authors: Bernard Njau, Esther Lisasi, Damian J. Damian, Declare L. Mushi, Andrew Boulle and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonotic parasitic disease caused echinococcus parasitizes, poseing a significant economic burden on both humans and animals. There are limited studies on echinococcosis in China,...

    Authors: Nima Qucuo, Guangjian Wu, Ruifeng He, Danzeng Quzhen, Ciren Zhuoga, Suolang Deji, Lijie Zhang, Zhigang Zhao and Zhongjun Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:483

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A leading cause of acute gastroenteritis, norovirus can be transmitted by infected food handlers but norovirus outbreaks are not routinely investigated in Kenya. We estimated norovirus prevalence and associate...

    Authors: Eliud Wainaina, Christina A. Otieno, Joseph Kamau, Atunga Nyachieo and Sara A. Lowther

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  27. More attention should be paid to communicable disease-specific infant mortality rate (CD-IMR) in rural China. However, few studies have examined specific geographic patterns and trends in CD-IMR in these areas...

    Authors: Ke Wang, Liangcheng Xiang, Leni Kang, Lei Miao, Qi Li, Xiaohong Li, Jun Zhu, Yanping Wang, Yan Huang and Chunhua He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Rivers State is among the states with high HIV prevalence in Nigeria. Occupational exposure to HIV through blood or body fluids of HIV/AIDS patients is a recognised risk factor of HIV infections among healthca...

    Authors: Ndubuisi Akpuh, IkeOluwapo Ajayi, Ayo Adebowale, Hadejia Idris Suleiman, Patrick Nguku, Mahmood Dalhat and Elizabeth Adedire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a highly transmissible condition spreading rapidly between individuals and within households. Rotavirus vaccination was introduced in the UK in 2013. The study objectives were to...

    Authors: Simon de Lusignan, Julian Sherlock, Filipa Ferreira, Sarah O’Brien and Mark Joy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lack of knowledge about sexual violence, its consequences, substance use and homelessness are major problems that make street dwellers susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases. Hence, this study assessed k...

    Authors: Negash Wakgari, Terefe Woyo, Emnet Kebede, Hirut Gemeda and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The 2018 cholera outbreak in Nigeria affected over half of the states in the country, and was characterised by high attack and case fatality rates. The country continues to record cholera cases and related dea...

    Authors: Kelly Osezele Elimian, Somto Mezue, Anwar Musah, Oyeronke Oyebanji, Ibrahima Soce Fall, Sebastian Yennan, Michel Yao, Patrick Okumu Abok, Nanpring Williams, Lynda Haj Omar, Thieno Balde, Kobina Ampah, Ifeanyi Okudo, Luka Ibrahim, Arisekola Jinadu, Wondimagegnehu Alemu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:432

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Little is known about patient characteristics that contribute to initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieving viral suppression among HIV people with opioid use disorder in Vietnam. The primary object...

    Authors: Caroline King, Le Minh Giang, Gavin Bart, Lynn Kunkel and P. Todd Korthuis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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  33. CD4 cell and viral load count are highly correlated surrogate markers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. In modelling the progression of HIV, previous studies mostly dealt with either C...

    Authors: Zelalem G. Dessie, Temesgen Zewotir, Henry Mwambi and Delia North

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Studies on healthcare-seeking behaviour usually adopted a patient care perspective, or restricted to specific disease conditions. However, pre-diagnosis symptoms may be more relevant to healthcare-seeking beha...

    Authors: Qiqi Zhang, Shuo Feng, Irene O. L. Wong, Dennis K. M. Ip, Benjamin J. Cowling and Eric H. Y. Lau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  35. We analyse unprotected anal intercourses (UAI) self-reported by a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM), by their future testing intentions and past testing history to identify undertested subpopulations t...

    Authors: Juan Hoyos, Kostas Koutentakis, Tomás Maté, Jose Pulido, Luis Sordo, Juan-Miguel Guerras and María-José Belza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study addresses an important field within HIV research, the impact of socioeconomic factors on the healthcare costs of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). We aimed to understand how different socioeconom...

    Authors: Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Selma Tosun, Fatma Nur Karaman Kabadurmuş and Durmuş Özdemir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and schistosomiasis continue to cause serious health problems among affected communities. To ensure that infection transmission levels are reduced, repeated mass drug administr...

    Authors: Janet Masaku, Doris W. Njomo, Ann Njoka, Collins Okoyo, Faith M. Mutungi and Sammy M. Njenga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:356

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Campylobacter is the most commonly reported causative agent of foodborne bacterial infection in Germany, and contaminated chicken meat is an important source of this zoonotic agent. The aim of this study was to d...

    Authors: K. A. Henke, T. Alter, M. G. Doherr and R. Merle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:336

    Content type: Research article

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  39. HIV viral suppression is associated with health benefits for people living with HIV and a decreased risk of HIV transmission to others. The objective was to identify demographic, psychosocial, provider and nei...

    Authors: Diana M. Sheehan, Rahel Dawit, Semiu O. Gbadamosi, Kristopher P. Fennie, Tan Li, Merhawi Gebrezgi, Petra Brock, Robert A. Ladner and Mary Jo Trepka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:326

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Failure to retain HIV-positive pregnant women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) leads to increased mortality for the mother and her child. This study evaluated different retention measures for women’s engagement...

    Authors: Laurence Ahoua, Shino Arikawa, Thierry Tiendrebeogo, Maria Lahuerta, Dario Aly, Renaud Becquet and Francois Dabis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:322

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The effectiveness of female condoms for preventing HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains inconclusive. We examined the effects of female condoms on the acquisition of HIV and STIs.

    Authors: Alison B. Wiyeh, Ruth K. B. Mome, Phetole W. Mahasha, Eugene J. Kongnyuy and Charles S. Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In the Netherlands, migrant populations with a high tuberculosis (TB) incidence are an important target group for TB prevention. However, there is a lack of insight in effective community-engaged strategies to...

    Authors: Ineke Spruijt, Dawit Tesfay Haile, Connie Erkens, Susan van den Hof, Simone Goosen, Andrea ten Kate, Hewan Teshome, Marja Karels, Marga Koenders and Jeanine Suurmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem. Its magnitude the required interventions are affected by changes in socioeconomic condition and urbanization. Ethiopia is among the thirty high burden countr...

    Authors: Daniel Datiko, Ameha Hadgu, Degu Jerene and Pedro G. Suarez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:302

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Peer navigation is a promising strategy to link at-risk minority men who have sex with men (MSM) to HIV prevention services including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

    Authors: Jade Pagkas-Bather, Jahn Jaramillo, Jsani Henry, Vanessa Grandberry, Luis F. Ramirez, Lorenzo Cervantes, Joanne D. Stekler, Michele P. Andrasik and Susan M. Graham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2016, India reported 709 acute diarrheal disease (ADD) outbreaks (> 25% of all outbreaks). Tribal populations are at higher risk with 27% not having accessibility to safe drinking water and 75% households n...

    Authors: Kiran Kumar Maramraj, G. Subbalakshmi, Mohammed Shahed Ali, Tanzin Dikid, Rajesh Yadav, Samir V. Sodha, Sudhir Kumar Jain and Sujeet Kumar Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The purpose of our study was to describe and evaluate management, performance and results of Tuberculosis (TB)-screening among refugees and asylum seekers in a rural area in Germany in 2015.

    Authors: Susanne Tewes, Bennet Hensen, Alexandra Jablonka, Dana Gawe, Maija Kastikainen, Christine Happle, Julia Carlens, Lars-Daniel Berthold and Frank Wacker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In Austria paediatric influenza-associated hospitalisations and deaths have never been systematically monitored. We examined the influenza season 2017/18 in terms of hospitalisation and mortality in the Austri...

    Authors: Benno Kohlmaier, Vendula Svendova, Thomas Walcher, Heidemarie Pilch, Larissa Krenn, Herbert Kurz, Karl Zwiauer and Werner Zenz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Tanzania has witnessed a significant decrease in the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis in the general population attributed to several interventional measures. It is uncertai...

    Authors: Rahim H. Kawambwa, Mtebe V. Majigo, Ahmed A. Mohamed and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:177

    Content type: Research article

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