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Infectious disease epidemiology

Section edited by Giovanni Rezza

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 19

  1. The length of hospital stay is the duration of hospitalization, which reflects disease severity and resource utilization indirectly. Generally, tuberculosis is considered an ambulatory disease that could be tr...

    Authors: Koku Sisay Tamirat, Gashaw Andargie and Yaregal Animut Babel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1217

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recurrent tuberculosis (TB) contributes to the burden of TB. The study was designed to explore the time of diagnostic delay and risk of delay in patients with recurrent TB in China.

    Authors: Zhongyao Xie, Tingwei Wang, Hongguang Chen, Donglin Wang, Xiangqi Gao and Yi Hui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1207

    Content type: Research article

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  3. More than 2 months have passed since the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) first emerged in Wuhan, China. With the migration of people, the epidemic has rapidly spread within China and throughout the w...

    Authors: Chaojun Xie, Hongjun Zhao, Kuibiao Li, Zhoubin Zhang, Xiaoxiao Lu, Huide Peng, Dahu Wang, Jin Chen, Xiao Zhang, Di Wu, Yuzhou Gu, Jun Yuan, Lin Zhang and Jiachun Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1202

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Most countries in Subsaharan Africa have well-established National Tuberculosis Control Programs with relatively stable routine performances. However, major epidemiological events may result in significant dis...

    Authors: Aboubacar Sidiki Magassouba, Boubacar Djelo Diallo, Lansana Mady Camara, Kadiatou Sow, Souleymane Camara, Boubacar Bah, Alpha Oumar Barry, Thierno Hassane Diallo, Aboubacar Camara, Adama Marie Bangoura and Oumou Younoussa Sow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1200

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Screening of pregnant women carrying human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) has a crucial role in reducing the number of HTLV-1 carriers. A national HTLV-1 screening program for pregnant women was started ...

    Authors: Naohiro Yonemoto, Shunji Suzuki, Akihiko Sekizawa, Shinichi Hoshi, Yoko Sagara and Kazuo Itabashi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1150

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1196

  6. Contact investigation is important in finding contacts of people who have Tuberculosis (TB) disease so that they can be given treatment and stop further transmission. The main objective of this study was to as...

    Authors: Tabitha Abongo, Benson Ulo and Sarah Karanja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1184

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Some male heterosexual clients prefer to visit a cross-border Female Sex Worker (FSW) because of cheaper sex and unsafe sex practices, and may therefore be at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI). Th...

    Authors: Carolina J. G. Kampman, Christian J. P. A. Hoebe, René Koene, Laura Kamp, Klaus Jansen, Femke D. H. Koedijk, Alma Tostmann and Jeannine L. A. Hautvast

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1182

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Trend analysis of malaria surveillance data is essential to inform stakeholders on progress towards malaria control. From the total 387,096 cases of malaria reported in Amhara region in 2017, 167,079 (43.2%) c...

    Authors: Damtie Lankir, Samrawit Solomon and Addisu Gize

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1175

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The objective of this study was to model the predictors of HIV prevalence in Malawi through a complex sample logistic regression and spatial mapping approach using the national Demographic and Health Survey da...

    Authors: Jerry John Nutor, Henry Ofori Duah, Pascal Agbadi, Precious Adade Duodu and Kaboni W. Gondwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1167

    Content type: Research article

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  10. TB is a preventable and treatable disease. Yet, successful treatment outcomes at desired levels are elusive in many national TB programs, including India. We aim to identify risk factors for unfavourable outco...

    Authors: Reynold Washington, Rajaram Subramanian Potty, A. Rajesham, T. Seenappa, Anil Singarajipura, Reuben Swamickan, Amar Shah, K. H. Prakash, Arin Kar, Karthikeyan Kumaraswamy, B. S. Prarthana, Bala Krishna Maryala, J. Sushma, Ramesh Dasari, Bharath Shetty, Vikas Panibatla…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1158

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Globally, childhood immunization saves the lives of 2–3 million children annually by protecting them against vaccine-preventable diseases. In 2017, 116.2 million children were vaccinated worldwide according to...

    Authors: Ana Amélia Corrêa de Araújo Veras, Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Suzana Lins da Silva, Amanda Alves Moreira de Castro, Andressa Lílian Bezerra Bernardo, Maria Lídia Amaral Barbosa Ventura, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira and Malaquias Batista Filho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1152

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although it is rarely fatal in developed countries, acute gastroenteritis (AGE) still induces significant morbidity and economic costs. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with AGE i...

    Authors: Marie Ecollan, Caroline Guerrisi, Cécile Souty, Louise Rossignol, Clément Turbelin, Thomas Hanslik, Vittoria Colizza and Thierry Blanchon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1146

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Effective tuberculosis (TB) control is the end result of improved health seeking by the community and timely provision of quality TB services by the health system. Rapid expansion of health services to the per...

    Authors: Daniel G. Datiko, Degu Jerene and Pedro Suarez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1126

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Human alveolar echinococcosis (HAE), caused by the larvae of Echinococcus multilocularis, is a severe parasitic disease that is a major public health concern. New HAE cases in China account for 91% of the global ...

    Authors: Xuanzhuo Wang, Guodong Dai, Min Li, Wanzhong Jia, Zhongmin Guo and Jiahai Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1105

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Dengue is a major emerging infectious disease, endemic throughout the tropics and subtropics, with approximately 2.5 billion people at risk globally. Active (AS) and passive surveillance (PS), when combined, c...

    Authors: Melissa Vitale, Christina D. Lupone, Aileen Kenneson-Adams, Robinson Jaramillo Ochoa, Tania Ordoñez, Efráin Beltran-Ayala, Timothy P. Endy, Paula F. Rosenbaum and Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1065

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, public health interventions have been introduced globally in order to prevent the spread of the virus and avoid the overload of health care systems, especially for the most seve...

    Authors: Katja Radon, Elmar Saathoff, Michael Pritsch, Jessica Michelle Guggenbühl Noller, Inge Kroidl, Laura Olbrich, Verena Thiel, Max Diefenbach, Friedrich Riess, Felix Forster, Fabian Theis, Andreas Wieser and Michael Hoelscher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1036

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with a significant public health burden, yet few studies have been conducted in Asia, especially on noncervical cancers. We estimated the incidence and cost of orophary...

    Authors: Inseon Choi, Donghwan Lee, Kyung-Bok Son and SeungJin Bae

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1035

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Several statistical methods of variable complexity have been developed to establish thresholds for influenza activity that may be used to inform public health guidance. We compared the results of two methods a...

    Authors: Ahmed Rguig, Imad Cherkaoui, Margaret McCarron, Hicham Oumzil, Soumia Triki, Houria Elmbarki, Abderrahman Bimouhen, Fatima El Falaki, Zakia Regragui, Hassan Ihazmad, Chakib Nejjari and Mohammed Youbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1029

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Ethiopia has shown significant efforts to address the burden of TB/HIV comorbidity through the TB/HIV collaborative program. However, these diseases are still the highest cause of death in the country. Therefo...

    Authors: Balew Arega, Abraham Minda, Getachew Mengistu, Mulugeta Endale and Asnake Agunie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1021

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although many species of mycoplasmas regard as normal flora, but some species causes serious genital disease. In Iran several epidemiological studies have documented the prevalence of Mycoplasma hominis, M. genit...

    Authors: Khadijeh Moridi, Mohammad Hemmaty, Amir Azimian, Mohammad Hosein Fallah, Hamid Khaneghahi Abyaneh and Kiarash Ghazvini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1020

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In East Africa, fishing communities are considered most-at-risk populations for the acquisition of HIV. We estimated HIV prevalence and assessed progress towards the UNAIDS 90–90-90 targets along the HIV treat...

    Authors: J. Burgos-Soto, J. Ben Farhat, I. Alley, P. Ojuka, E. Mulogo, T. Kise-Sete, M. Bouhenia, L. Salumu, R. Mathela, C. Langendorf, S. Cohuet and H. Huerga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:970

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In Finland, asylum seekers from countries with high tuberculosis (TB) incidence (> 50/100,000 population/year) and those coming from a refugee camp or conflict area are eligible for TB screening. The aim of th...

    Authors: Pirre E. Räisänen, Hanna Soini, Paula Tiittala, Olli Snellman, Petri Ruutu, J. Pekka Nuorti and Outi Lyytikäinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:969

    Content type: Research article

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  23. COVID-19 caused by a new form of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) first appeared in China end of 2019 and quickly spread to all counties of the world. To slow down the spread of the virus and to limit the pressure on ...

    Authors: Sabahat Ölcer, Yüce Yilmaz-Aslan and Patrick Brzoska

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:963

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The comorbid presence of tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus has become an increasingly important public health threat to the prevention and control of both diseases. Thus, household contact investigation may s...

    Authors: Myo Minn Oo, Nattaporn Tassanakijpanich, Moe Hnin Phyu, Nanda Safira, Shashi Kandel, Kemmapon Chumchuen, Li Mei Zhang, Hnin Aye Kyu, Porraporn Sriwannawit, Bintinee Bilmumad, Li Cao, Yingwu Guo, Jarawee Sukmanee, Vu Manh Cuong, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong and Edward B. McNeil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:957

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chikungunya and Zika Virus are vector-borne diseases responsible for a substantial disease burden in the Americas. Between 2013 and 2016, no cases of Chikungunya or Zika Virus were reported by the Venezuelan M...

    Authors: Ricardo Strauss, Eva Lorenz, Kaja Kristensen, Daniel Eibach, Jaime Torres, Jürgen May and Julio Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:947

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Measles is a vaccine preventable, highly transmissible viral infection that affects mostly children under five years. It has been ear marked for elimination and Nigeria adopted the measles elimination strategi...

    Authors: Neni Aworabhi-Oki, T. Numbere, M. S. Balogun, A. Usman, R. Utulu, N. Ebere, W. Omubo, J. Stow, S. Abba and A. Olorukooba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:938

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The spread of Dengue virus (DENV) infections, as well as their signs and symptoms, are the result of a complex interaction between several factors. In Brazil, especially in the Northeastern, dengue is an importan...

    Authors: Iasmyn Dayanne Santos do Nascimento, André Filipe Pastor, Thaísa Regina Rocha Lopes, Pablo Cantalice Santos Farias, Juliana Prado Gonçales, Rodrigo Feliciano do Carmo, Ricardo Durães-Carvalho, Caroline Simões da Silva and José Valter Joaquim Silva Júnior

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:923

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gamma-herpesvirus with which ~ 95% of the healthy population is infected. EBV infection has been implicated in a range of haematological malignancies and autoimmune dis...

    Authors: Ashvin Kuri, Benjamin Meir Jacobs, Nikki Vickaryous, Julia Pakpoor, Jaap Middeldorp, Gavin Giovannoni and Ruth Dobson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:912

    Content type: Research article

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  29. RTS,S/AS01 is the first vaccine against malaria to undergo pilot implementation, beginning in 2019 and vaccinating 360,000 children per year in Malawi, Ghana, and Kenya. The four-dose vaccine is given as a pri...

    Authors: Griffin J. Bell, Matthew S. Loop, Tisungane Mvalo, Jonathan J. Juliano, Innocent Mofolo, Portia Kamthunzi, Gerald Tegha, Marc Lievens, Jeffrey Bailey, Michael Emch and Irving Hoffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:910

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Tuberculosis (TB) elimination requires treatment of millions of persons with latent M. tuberculosis infection (LTBI). LTBI treatment acceptance depends on population-wide TB knowledge and low stigma, but limited ...

    Authors: Peter F. Rebeiro, Mollie J. Cohen, Heather M. Ewing, Marina Cruvinel Figueiredo, Lauren Saag Peetluk, Kleydson B. Andrade, Marshall Eakin, Elizabeth J. Zechmeister and Timothy R. Sterling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:897

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Milk being a suitable medium for bacterial growth, it can serve as a source of bacterial contamination. Pathogenic bacteria in milk pose a serious health threat to humans and constitute about 90% of all dairy-...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Berhe, Araya Gebreyesus Wasihun, Enquebaher Kassaye and Kibrom Gebreselasie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:894

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Over 70% of the worlds’ population is infected by Toxoplasma gondii; a pathogen capable of causing cerebral toxoplasmosis in HIV patients and neonatal complications like miscarriage, chorioretinitis, hydrocephalu...

    Authors: Solomon Ngutor Karshima and Magdalene Nguvan Karshima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:877

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The European region achieved interruption of malaria transmission during the 1970s. Since then, malaria control programs were replaced by surveillance systems in order to prevent possible re-emergence of this ...

    Authors: Daniela Boccolini, Michela Menegon, Marco Di Luca, Luciano Toma, Francesco Severini, Gianluca Marucci, Stefania D’Amato, Anna Caraglia, Francesco Paolo Maraglino, Giovanni Rezza, Roberto Romi, Luigi Gradoni and Carlo Severini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:857

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Smoking plays a key role in the development of tuberculosis (TB) infection and is also a predictor of poor TB treatment prognosis and outcomes. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of sm...

    Authors: Amer Hayat Khan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Kashif Ullah Khan, Long Chiau Ming, Omer Mateen and Malik Obaid Ullah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:854

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is scare information about HIV co-infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Mozambique. This information is critical to ensure the tre...

    Authors: Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Makini Boothe, Timothy Kellogg, Paulino Ricardo, Isabel Sathane, Erika Fazito, Henry F. Raymond, Marleen Temmerman and Stanley Luchters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:851

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although it is known that Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy may lead to microcephaly in the fetus, the prognostic factors associated with this tragic disorder remain unclear. We conducted a systemat...

    Authors: Luciana Guerra Gallo, Jorge Martinez-Cajas, Henry Maia Peixoto, Ana Carolina Esteves da Silva Pereira, Jillian E. Carter, Sandra McKeown, Bruno Schaub, Camila V. Ventura, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Léo Pomar, Liana O. Ventura, Vivek R. Nerurkar, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo and Maria P. Velez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:827

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Epidemiological data on Treponema pallidum infection are scarce from the southwestern region of China. The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution and determinants of T. pallidum infection in the ...

    Authors: Ying Shi, Ya Yang, Yingjian Wang, Dongjian Yang, Yu Yang, Shurong Dong, Chunlin Li, Yue Chen, Qingwu Jiang and Yibiao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:824

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This study was aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristic of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Haidian District, Beijing from 2005 to 2018 and to provide suggestions for controlling tuberculosis (TB...

    Authors: Fan Wu, Caiyun Lai, Yan Wang, Gaoqiang Zhang, Yueqi Li, Susu Yu, Xinyue Peng, Jiani Yang, Zhisheng Wei and Wenjuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:823

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been assumed to give protection against genital warts (GW) as well as cervical cancer. Our main question was whether HPV vaccine has any effects on the p...

    Authors: Anita Lukács, Zsuzsanna Máté, Nelli Farkas, Alexandra Mikó, Judit Tenk, Péter Hegyi, Balázs Németh, László Márk Czumbel, Sadaeng Wuttapon, István Kiss, Zoltán Gyöngyi, Gábor Varga, Zoltán Rumbus and Andrea Szabó

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:691

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is considered to be self-limited, however, severe HFMD is a deadly threat for children worldwide, therefore, it is essential to define the clinical and epidemiologic characte...

    Authors: Yanhao Wang, Han Zhao, Rong Ou, Hua Zhu, Lidan Gan, Zihuan Zeng, Ruizhu Yuan, Huan Yu and Mengliang Ye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:801

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) infection is a significant public health problem in Ethiopia, and has wide distribution in the country. The impact of the disease is particularly high on school-age children. Nati...

    Authors: Abebaw Tiruneh, Daniel Kahase, Endalew Zemene, Eyob Tekalign, Absra Solomon and Zeleke Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:769

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Oshikhandass is a rural village in northern Pakistan where a 1989–1991 verbal autopsy study showed that diarrhea and pneumonia were the top causes of under-5 mortality. Intensive surveillance, active community...

    Authors: C. L. Hansen, B. J. J. McCormick, S. I. Azam, K. Ahmed, J. M. Baker, E. Hussain, A. Jahan, A. F. Jamison, S. L. Knobler, N. Samji, W. H. Shah, D. J. Spiro, E. D. Thomas, C. Viboud and Z. A. Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:759

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Perceiving a personal risk for HIV infection is considered important for engaging in HIV prevention behaviour and often targeted in HIV prevention interventions. However, there is limited evidence for assumed ...

    Authors: Robin Schaefer, Ranjeeta Thomas, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Noah Kadzura, Constance Nyamukapa and Simon Gregson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:756

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Milk is a nutrient-rich food that makes an important contribution to diets in several Low and Middle Income Countries such as Senegal. Milk can also harbour several pathogenic microorganisms. As in other low a...

    Authors: Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Laura Craighead, Andrée Prisca Ndjoug Ndour, Damitoti Yempabou, Elhadji Ba, Rianatou Bada-Alambedji, Ayayi Justin Akakpo and Javier Guitian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:742

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Household Contacts (HHCs) of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) have a higher risk of developing TB. Contact investigation is recommended to reach this group and identify undiagnosed cases. In this stu...

    Authors: Mubarek A. Yassin, Kesetebirhan D. Yirdaw, Daniel G. Datiko, Luis E. Cuevas and Mohammed A. Yassin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:737

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable diseases and death for all individuals, even more so for people living with HIV (PLWH), due to their status of chronic inflammation. To date, in Italy no study was...

    Authors: Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Marta Pasqualini, Elena Ricci, Paolo Maggi, Giancarlo Orofino, Nicola Squillace, Barbara Menzaghi, Giordano Madeddu, Lucia Taramasso, Daniela Francisci, Paolo Bonfanti, Francesca Vichi, Marco dell’Omo and Luca Pieroni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:734

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Along with sexual partners of other high-risk groups, men who purchase sex (MWPS) represented 18% of new HIV diagnoses worldwide in 2018. They are therefore an important population for HIV prevention globally....

    Authors: Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, John Kaldor and Rebecca Guy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:730

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Currently, there is an increased flow of refugees into Ethiopia from neighboring countries. However, there are no post-arrival screening mechanisms for hepatitis B and C viruses which could be an additional bu...

    Authors: Abiyu Ayele, Dessie Abera, Melese Hailu, Muluken Birhanu and Kassu Desta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:721

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk of developing opportunistic infections due to either the disease itself or to treatment with immunosuppressants. This risk can be reduced throu...

    Authors: Cristina García-Serrano, Glòria Mirada, Josep R Marsal, Marta Ortega, Joaquim Sol, Rubén Solano, Eva M Artigues and Pepi Estany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:713

    Content type: Research article

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