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Health policies, systems and management in high-income countries

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in high-income countries.

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  1. The likelihood of large-scale outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) is growing. MDRO outbreaks can affect a wide range of healthcare institutions. Control of such outbreaks requires structured coll...

    Authors: Marion de Vries, Patrick Kenis, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Elis Joost Ruitenberg, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:52

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Effective alcohol policy measures conflict with the interests of the alcohol industry. In this study we addressed how various alcohol industry actors in Norway have responded to research findings and police da...

    Authors: Ingeborg Rossow and Jim McCambridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:44

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) experience a range of cognitive, affective, and physical deficits following prenatal alcohol exposure. They are thought to be overrepresented in criminal...

    Authors: K. McLachlan, A. McNeil, J. Pei, U. Brain, G. Andrew and T. F. Oberlander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:43

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Prisoners have a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but may find it difficult to access healthcare services. This may be related to risk behaviour including history of injecting drugs and mar...

    Authors: H. Stöver, F. Meroueh, A. Marco, K. Keppler, P. Saiz de la Hoya, R. Littlewood, N. Wright, F. Nava, F. Alam, S. Walcher and L. Somaini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The public health sector is moving toward adopting evidence-informed decision making into practice, but effort is still required to effectively develop capacity and promote contextual factors that advance and ...

    Authors: Maureen Dobbins, Robyn L. Traynor, Stephanie Workentine, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie and Jennifer Yost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1412

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Many children and young people experiencing mental health difficulties (MHD) do not access care, often due to inadequate identification. Schools have a unique potential to improve early identification; however...

    Authors: Emma Soneson, Jasmine Childs-Fegredo, Joanna K. Anderson, Jan Stochl, Mina Fazel, Tamsin Ford, Ayla Humphrey, Peter B. Jones and Emma Howarth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1404

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Government alcohol monopolies were created in North America and Scandinavia to limit health and social problems. The Swedish monopoly, Systembolaget, reports to a health ministry and controls the sale of all a...

    Authors: Tim Stockwell, Adam Sherk, Thor Norström, Colin Angus, Mats Ramstedt, Sven Andréasson, Tanya Chikritzhs, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes and Pia Mäkelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1400

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Public health in England has opportunities to reduce alcohol-related harms via shaping the availability and accessibility of alcohol through the licensing function in local government. While the constraints of...

    Authors: Joanna Reynolds, Michael McGrath, Jessica Engen, Ghazaleh Pashmi, Matthew Andrews, Jin Lim and Karen Lock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1385

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Discrimination is a well-established stressor that is substantially associated with poor health and a known contributor to health inequalities. However, the role of discrimination in health service use is less...

    Authors: Billy Gazard, Zoe Chui, Lisa Harber-Aschan, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Ioannis Bakolis, Katharine Rimes, Matthew Hotopf and Stephani L. Hatch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1354

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Greenland struggles with a high prevalence of smoking, alcohol and drug abuse. In response to the increasing need for preventive initiatives, the first public health program Inuuneritta was introduced in 2007. In...

    Authors: Christine Ingemann, Barbara J. Regeer and Christina V. L. Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1353

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In Canada, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among children and youth ≤19. Across the country, there is variability in road traffic injury prevention policies and legislation. Our objective ...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L. Fraser-Thomas, Ian Pike and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1348

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Across most high-income countries, populations are ageing. With this demographic change is an increase in the number of people living with disabilities. In this context, we sought to examine the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Jeromey B. Temple, Margaret Kelaher and Ruth Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1347

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Emergencies and disasters impact population health. Despite the importance of upstream readiness, a persistent challenge for public health practitioners is defining what it means to be prepared. There is a kno...

    Authors: Yasmin Khan, Tracey O’Sullivan, Adalsteinn Brown, Shannon Tracey, Jennifer Gibson, Mélissa Généreux, Bonnie Henry and Brian Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1344

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Concussion is a preventable injury that can have long-term health consequences for children and youth. In Ontario, the Policy/Program Memorandum # 158 (PPM) was introduced by the Ministry of Education of Ontar...

    Authors: Roman Matveev, Lauren Sergio, Jessica Fraser-Thomas and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1324

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In 2009, Canada adopted legislation (Bill C-32) restricting the sale of flavoured tobacco products, one of the first in the world. This study examines the agenda-setting process leading to the adoption of Bill...

    Authors: Raphael Lencucha, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonte and Jeffrey Drope

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1321

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Indigenous peoples in Canada experience disproportionate rates of suicide compared to non-Indigenous populations. Indigenous communities and organizations have designed local and regional approaches to prevent...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Pollock, Gwen K. Healey, Michael Jong, James E. Valcour and Shree Mulay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1320

    Content type: Debate

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  17. Housing adaptations have been identified as an important environmental and prevention intervention for older adults, which may improve health and quality of life. The onset of disability in bathing can act as ...

    Authors: Phillip J. Whitehead, Miriam R. Golding-Day, Stuart Belshaw, Tony Dawson, Marilyn James and Marion F. Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1293

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Medication co-payments represent a financial barrier to antihypertensive medication adherence. The introduction of co-payments for Irish publically insured patients was associated with a 5% reduction in adhere...

    Authors: Paul Dillon, Susan M. Smith, Paul Gallagher and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1282

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Snacking is a prevalent dietary behaviour among young adults, which could independently contribute to weight gain. Vending machines provide easy access to unhealthy snacks and beverages for young adults in uni...

    Authors: Yumeng Shi, Amanda Lee Grech and Margaret Allman-Farinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1255

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Late diagnosis of HIV infection remains a key challenge in Europe. It is acknowledged that general practitioners (GPs) may contribute greatly to early case finding, yet there is evidence that many diagnostic o...

    Authors: Jessika Deblonde, Dominique Van Beckhoven, Jasna Loos, Nicole Boffin, André Sasse, Christiana Nöstlinger and Virginie Supervie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1191

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Many jurisdictions have enacted indoor tanning legislation in response to the health risks of artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure. Key components of these legislations include banning minors’ access...

    Authors: Jessica Reimann, Jennifer E. McWhirter, Andrew Papadopoulos and Cate Dewey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1096

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To improve the availability and accessibility of healthier food and drinks in schools, sports and worksites canteens, national Guidelines for Healthier Canteens were developed by the Netherlands Nutrition Cent...

    Authors: I. J. Evenhuis, N. L. W. J. Wezenbeek, E. L. Vyth, L. Veldhuis, M. P. Poelman, D. Wolvers, J. C. Seidell and C. M. Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1109

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Routine screening and intervention for intimate partner violence (IPV) in healthcare settings constitutes an important secondary prevention strategy for identifying individuals experiencing IPV early and conne...

    Authors: Jessica Williams, Nick Petersen and Justin Stoler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1085

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Physical inactivity (PIA) is a mortality risk factor defined as performing lower levels of physical activity than recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). After 2002, the WHO released the WHA55.23 R...

    Authors: X. Mayo, F. del Villar, E. Iglesias-Soler, G. Liguori, S. Mann and A. Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1081

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The majority of US children do not meet physical activity recommendations. Schools are an important environment for promoting physical activity in children, yet most school districts do not offer enough physic...

    Authors: Christina D. Economos, Megan P. Mueller, Nicole Schultz, Julie Gervis, Gabrielle F. Miller and Russell R. Pate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:992

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Rural communities experience unique barriers to food access when compared to urban areas and food security is a public health issue in rural, high poverty communities. A multi-leveled socio-ecological interven...

    Authors: Suzanne Stluka, Lindsay Moore, Heather A. Eicher-Miller, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Becky Henne, Donna Mehrle, Daniel Remley and Lacey McCormack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1055

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Within Canadian provinces over the past half-century, legislation has been enacted to increase child protection organization (CPO) involvement in situations of child maltreatment (CM). This study had two objec...

    Authors: Lil Tonmyr, Ben Mathews, Margot E. Shields, Wendy E. Hovdestad and Tracie O. Afifi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1021

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Domestic violence and abuse remains a major health concern. It is unknown whether the improved healthcare response to domestic violence and abuse demonstrated in a cluster randomised controlled trial of IRIS (Ide...

    Authors: Alex Hardip Sohal, Gene Feder, Estela Barbosa, Lee Beresford, Anna Dowrick, Farah El-Shogri, Annie Howell, Natalia Lewis, Medina Johnson, Claire Nightingale, Kambiz Boomla, Stephen Morris, Sandra Eldridge and Chris Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:971

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Socio-economic inequalities are associated with unequal exposure to social, economic and environmental risk factors, which in turn contribute to health inequalities. Understanding the impact of specific public...

    Authors: Katie Thomson, Frances Hillier-Brown, Adam Todd, Courtney McNamara, Tim Huijts and Clare Bambra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:869

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Public health has had a history characterised by uncertainty of purpose, locus of control, and workforce identity. In many health systems, the public health function is fragmented, isolated and under-resourced...

    Authors: Alex Hall, Jonathan Hammond, Donna Bramwell, Anna Coleman, Lynsey Warwick-Giles and Kath Checkland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:856

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Participatory budgeting (PB), citizens deliberating among themselves and with officials to decide how to allocate funds for public goods, has been increasingly implemented across Europe and worldwide. While PB...

    Authors: Mhairi Campbell, Oliver Escobar, Candida Fenton and Peter Craig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:822

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Influenza is a serious public health concern, resulting in morbidity, mortality and significant expense to healthcare systems worldwide. Annual vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. The N...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Isenor, Beth A. O’Reilly and Susan K. Bowles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:787

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Displaying tobacco products at point-of-sale (PoS) has become an important marketing strategy for the tobacco industry. This study was designed to (1) examine how support for a PoS cigarette display ban change...

    Authors: Dirk-Jan A. van Mourik, Math J. J. M. Candel, Gera E. Nagelhout, Marc C. Willemsen, Geoffrey T. Fong, Karin Hummel, Bas van den Putte and Hein de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:740

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Evidence-based policy communication (EBPC) is an important, emerging focus in public health research. However, we have yet to understand public health workforce ability to develop and/or use it. The study obje...

    Authors: Beth E. Meyerson, Laura T. Haderxhanaj, Karen Comer and Gregory D. Zimet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:700

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Globally, alcohol is causally related to 2.5 million deaths per year and 12.5% of these are due to cancer. Previous research has indicated that public awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer is low an...

    Authors: Sarah Bates, John Holmes, Lucy Gavens, Elena Gomes de Matos, Jessica Li, Bernadette Ward, Lucie Hooper, Simon Dixon and Penny Buykx

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:688

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This systematic review assessed the effectiveness of capacity building interventions relevant to public health practice. The aim is to inform and improve capacity building interventions.

    Authors: Kara DeCorby-Watson, Gloria Mensah, Kim Bergeron, Samiya Abdi, Benjamin Rempel and Heather Manson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:684

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Involving groups of community stakeholders (e.g., steering committees) to lead community-wide health interventions appears to support multiple outcomes ranging from policy and systems change to individual biol...

    Authors: Ariella R. Korn, Erin Hennessy, Ross A. Hammond, Steven Allender, Matthew W. Gillman, Matt Kasman, Jaimie McGlashan, Lynne Millar, Brynle Owen, Mark C. Pachucki, Boyd Swinburn, Alison Tovar and Christina D. Economos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:681

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Factors that affect latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) treatment completion in the US have not been well studied beyond public health settings. This gap was highlighted by recent health insurance-related reg...

    Authors: Erica L. Stockbridge, Thaddeus L. Miller, Erin K. Carlson and Christine Ho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:662

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Previous studies have provided inconsistent findings on smoking among migrants, and very limited data exist on their second-hand smoke exposure. This study aims to investigate internal migrants’ smoking preval...

    Authors: Yunting Zheng, Ying Ji, Hongbo Dong and Chun Chang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:655

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Given the widespread adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems in health care organizations, public health agencies are interested in accessing EHR data to improve health assessment and surveillance. ...

    Authors: Karen F. Comer, P. Joseph Gibson, Jian Zou, Marc Rosenman and Brian E. Dixon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:647

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Drug consumption during pregnancy is a matter of concern, especially regarding drugs known or suspected to be teratogens. Little is known about drug use in pregnant women in Italy. The present study is aimed a...

    Authors: Martina Ventura, Alice Maraschini, Paola D’Aloja, Ursula Kirchmayer, Ilaria Lega, Marina Davoli and Serena Donati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:623

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We assessed the effectiveness of three interventions that were aimed to reduce non-acute low back pain (LBP) related symptoms in the occupational health setting.

    Authors: J. Rantonen, J. Karppinen, A. Vehtari, S. Luoto, E. Viikari-Juntura, M. Hupli, A. Malmivaara and S. Taimela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:598

    Content type: Research article

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