Skip to content


Health policies, systems and management in high-income countries

Section edited by Bianca Brijnath

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in high-income countries.

Page 4 of 10

  1. Content type: Research article

    While there is a growing interest in the field of research translation, there are few published examples of public health interventions that have been effectively scaled up and implemented in the community. Th...

    Authors: R. Laws, K. D. Hesketh, K. Ball, C. Cooper, K. Vrljic and K. J. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:748

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    A conflict of interest (CoI) can occur between public duty and private interest, in which a public official’s private-capacity interest could improperly influence the performance of their official duties and r...

    Authors: Alex Newton, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Helen Bromley and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:735

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Influencing the life-style risk-factors alcohol, body mass index (BMI), and smoking is an European Union (EU) wide objective of public health policy. The population-level health effects of these risk-factors d...

    Authors: Stefan K. Lhachimi, Wilma J. Nusselder, Henriette A. Smit, Paolo Baili, Kathleen Bennett, Esteve Fernández, Margarete C. Kulik, Tim Lobstein, Joceline Pomerleau, Hendriek C. Boshuizen and Johan P. Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:734

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    The increasing mortality rates from alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) are a public health concern. To address this, alcohol care teams (ACT) case-find and lead management of alcohol issues for these patient...

    Authors: Claire Currie, Alisha Davies, Cono Ariti and Martin Bardsley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:685

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Government social assistance payments seek to alleviate poverty and address survival needs, but their monthly disbursement may cue increases in illicit drug use. This cue may be magnified when assistance is di...

    Authors: Lindsey Richardson, Allison Laing, M-J Milloy, Russ Maynard, Bohdan Nosyk, Brandon Marshall, Eric Grafstein, Patricia Daly, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:668

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    To examine the extent to which state adoption of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2006 revisions to adult and adolescent HIV testing guidelines is associated with availability of other impo...

    Authors: Jemima A. Frimpong, Thomas D’Aunno, Stéphane Helleringer and Lisa R. Metsch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:666

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Involvement in a compensation process following a motor vehicle collision is consistently associated with worse health status but the reasons underlying this are unclear. Some compensation systems are hypothes...

    Authors: Nieke A. Elbers, Alex Collie, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Katherine Lippel, Keri Lockwood and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:658

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Poor diets are a leading cause of disease burden worldwide. In Australia, the Federal Government established the Food and Health Dialogue (the Dialogue) in 2009 to address this issue, primarily through food re...

    Authors: Alexandra Jones, Roger Magnusson, Boyd Swinburn, Jacqui Webster, Amanda Wood, Gary Sacks and Bruce Neal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:651

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Estimated medical costs (“T”) and QALYs (“Q”) associated with smoking are frequently used in cost-utility analyses of tobacco control interventions. The goal of this study was to understand how researchers hav...

    Authors: Shari P. Feirman, Allison M. Glasser, Lyubov Teplitskaya, David R. Holtgrave, David B. Abrams, Raymond S. Niaura and Andrea C. Villanti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:646

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    The United States spends more than most other countries per capita on maternal and child health (MCH), and yet lags behind other countries in MCH outcomes. Local health departments (LHDs) are responsible for a...

    Authors: Tamar Klaiman, Athena Pantazis, Anjali Chainani and Betty Bekemeier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:602

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a need for accurate and precise food price elasticities (PE, change in consumer demand in response to change in price) to better inform policy on health-related food taxes and subsidies.

    Authors: Wilma E. Waterlander, Tony Blakely, Nhung Nghiem, Christine L. Cleghorn, Helen Eyles, Murat Genc, Nick Wilson, Yannan Jiang, Boyd Swinburn, Liana Jacobi, Jo Michie and Cliona Ni Mhurchu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:601

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have reported on the outcomes of outpatient alcohol treatment or the factors associated with effective treatment. We investigated treatment outcome, treatment retention, and their predictors in cli...

    Authors: Severin Haug and Michael P. Schaub

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:581

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Many health departments collaborate with community organizations on community health improvement processes. While a number of resources exist to plan and implement a community health improvement plan (CHIP), l...

    Authors: J. Mac McCullough, Eileen Eisen-Cohen and S. Bianca Salas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:566

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    To explore changes in utilization patterns for general practice (GP) and hospital care of people living in deprived neighbourhoods when primary care providers work in a more coherent and coordinated manner by ...

    Authors: Dionne S. Kringos, Jennifer R. van den Broeke, Arnold P. M. van der Lee, Thomas Plochg and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:545

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Malaysia is a multicultural society, predominantly composed of a Muslim majority population, where Islam is influential. Malaysia has a concentrated HIV epidemic amongst high risk groups, such as, Intravenous ...

    Authors: Sima Barmania and Syed Mohamed Aljunid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:524

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    There is a significant body of evidence that highlights the importance of addressing the social determinants of child and youth health. In order to tackle health inequities Australian governments are being cal...

    Authors: Clare Phillips, Matt Fisher, Fran Baum, Colin MacDougall, Lareen Newman and Dennis McDermott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:512

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    In the UK, people of South Asian origin with asthma experience excess morbidity, with hospitalisation rates three times those of the majority White population and evidence suggests that South Asian children wi...

    Authors: Nicky Hudson, Lorraine Culley, Mark Johnson, Melanie McFeeters, Noelle Robertson, Emma Angell and Monica Lakhanpaul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:510

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated whether the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and diabetes differed by residential areas. In addition, the rate of good hypertension or diabetes control was ...

    Authors: Young-Jee Jeon, Chung Reen Kim, Joo-Sung Park, Kyung-Hyun Choi, Myoung Joo Kang, Seung Guk Park and Young-Jin Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:492

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    U.S. health departments have not historically used HIV surveillance data for disease control interventions with individuals, but advances in HIV treatment and surveillance are changing public health practice. ...

    Authors: Julia C. Dombrowski, James W. Carey, Nicole Pitts, Jason Craw, Arin Freeman, Matthew R. Golden and Jeanne Bertolli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:491

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    What we eat simultaneously impacts our exposure to pathogens, allergens, and contaminants, our nutritional status and body composition, our risks for and the progression of chronic diseases, and other outcomes...

    Authors: Shannon E. Majowicz, Samantha B. Meyer, Sharon I. Kirkpatrick, Julianne L. Graham, Arshi Shaikh, Susan J. Elliott, Leia M. Minaker, Steffanie Scott and Brian Laird

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:487

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Every year in Europe 60,000 women develop cervical cancer and 30,000 die from the disease. HPV vaccines are currently believed to constitute an important element of cervical cancer control strategy. Currently ...

    Authors: Christina Karamanidou and Kostas Dimopoulos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:467

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The healthcare of immigrants is an important aspect of equity of care provision. Understanding how immigrants use the healthcare services based on their needs is crucial to establish effective health policy.

    Authors: Luis A. Gimeno-Feliu, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Esperanza Diaz, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, Rosa Macipe-Costa and Alexandra Prados-Torres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:450

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Reducing the Strength is an increasingly popular intervention in which local authorities ask retailers to stop selling ‘super-strength’ beers and ciders. The intervention cannot affect alcohol availability, no...

    Authors: Colin Sumpter, Elizabeth McGill, Esther Dickie, Enes Champo, Ester Romeri and Matt Egan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:448

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Debate

    Leading themes have guided tobacco control efforts, and these themes have changed over the decades. When questions arose about health risks of tobacco, they focused on two key themes: 1) how bad is the problem...

    Authors: Lynn T. Kozlowski and David B. Abrams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:432

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Public health systems in Canada have undergone significant policy renewal over the last decade in response to threats to the public’s health, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome. There is limited researc...

    Authors: Ruta Valaitis, Marjorie MacDonald, Anita Kothari, Linda O’Mara, Sandra Regan, John Garcia, Nancy Murray, Heather Manson, Nancy Peroff-Johnston, Gayle Bursey and Jennifer Boyko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:412

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Study protocol

    The Ecological Model of Childhood Overweight focuses on characteristics that could affect a child’s weight status in relation to the multiple environments surrounding that child. A community coaching approach ...

    Authors: Paula Peters, Abby Gold, Angela Abbott, Dawn Contreras, Ann Keim, Renee Oscarson, Sandra Procter, Valentina Remig, Carol Smathers and Amy R. Mobley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:376

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Health systems are not considered to be significantly influenced by European Union (EU) policies given the subsidiarity principle. Yet, recent developments including the patients’ rights and cross-border direc...

    Authors: Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, Kristine Sorensen, Christoph Aluttis, Roderick Pace and Helmut Brand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:334

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Achievement of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets in Sub-Sahara Africa is challenged by a weak care-cascade with poor linkage to care and retention in care. Community-based HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is widely...

    Authors: Niklaus Daniel Labhardt, Isaac Ringera, Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Phofu Masethothi, T’sepang Thaanyane, Mashaete Kamele, Ravi Shankar Gupta, Kyaw Thin, Bernard Cerutti, Thomas Klimkait, Christiane Fritz and Tracy Renée Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:329

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Pay for Performance (P4P) mechanisms to health facilities and providers are currently being tested in several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to improve maternal and child health (MCH). This paper revi...

    Authors: Ashis Das, Saji S. Gopalan and Daniel Chandramohan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:321

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Price and affordability of foods are important determinants of health. Targeted food pricing policies may help improve population diets. However, methods producing comparable data to inform relevant policy dec...

    Authors: Amanda J. Lee, Sarah Kane, Rebecca Ramsey, Elizabeth Good and Mathew Dick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:315

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    The financial burden of cancers has profound effects and there is a clear need to explore the issue from different perspectives and for different population groups. This study aimed at investigating inpatient ...

    Authors: Ting Zhao, Jing Cheng, Jing Chai, Rui Feng, Han Liang, Xingrong Shen, Rui Sha and Debin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:308

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is more than twice as common among the most disadvantaged socioeconomic groups in England compared to the most affluent and is a major contributor to health-related inequalities. The United Kingdom (UK...

    Authors: Kirk Allen, Chris Kypridemos, Lirije Hyseni, Anna B. Gilmore, Peter Diggle, Margaret Whitehead, Simon Capewell and Martin O’Flaherty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:292

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Area-based health inequalities may partly be explained by higher levels of area disorder in deprived areas. Area disorder may cause safety concerns and hence impair health. This study assessed how, for whom an...

    Authors: Daniëlle Kramer, Janneke Harting and Anton E. Kunst

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:291

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Public health is to a large extent determined by non-health-sector policies. One approach to address this apparent paradox is to establish healthy public policies. This requires policy makers in non-health sec...

    Authors: Kirsten Langeveld, Karien Stronks and Janneke Harting

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:271

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    National public health associations (PHAs) are key partners with governments and communities to improve, protect and promote the public’s health. Governance and organizational capacity are among the key determ...

    Authors: James Chauvin, Mahesh Shukla, James Rice and Laetitia Rispel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:251

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Debate

    Motorcycle helmets reduce both motorcycle-related fatalities and head injuries. Motorcycle crashes are a major public health concern which place economic stress on the U.S. healthcare system.

    Authors: Adam E. M. Eltorai, Chad Simon, Ariel Choi, Katie Hsia, Christopher T. Born and Alan H. Daniels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:242

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Since 2008, Australia has seen the rapid emergence of marketing for online and mobile sports wagering. Previous research from other areas of public health, such as tobacco and alcohol, has identified the range...

    Authors: Emily G. Deans, Samantha L. Thomas, Mike Daube, Jeffrey Derevensky and Ross Gordon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:208

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    The two largest needle exchange programs (NEPs) in Hungary were forced to close down in the second half of 2014 due to extreme political attacks and related lack of government funding. The closures occurred ag...

    Authors: V. Anna Gyarmathy, Róbert Csák, Katalin Bálint, Eszter Bene, András Ernő Varga, Mónika Varga, Nóra Csiszér, István Vingender and József Rácz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:157

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Health promotion, with a focus on multidimensional upstream factors and an ecological, life-course approach, is establishing itself as the guiding philosophy for addressing public health. Action at the politic...

    Authors: Daniel Weiss, Monica Lillefjell and Eva Magnus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:140

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Study protocol

    The proposed study was developed in response to increased suicide risk identified in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students who are compelled to attend boarding schools across Queensland when there is ...

    Authors: Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge, Sandra Russo, Katrina Rutherford, Komla Tsey, Mark Wenitong, Anthony Shakeshaft, Chris Doran and Susan Jacups

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:98

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Corporate decisions affecting the composition of processed foods are a potent factor shaping the nutritional quality of the food supply. The addition of large quantities of salt to foods is incompatible with A...

    Authors: Helen Trevena, Anne Marie Thow, Elizabeth Dunford, Jason H. Y. Wu and Bruce Neal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:75

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The HPV vaccine was introduced to Malaysian national immunization programme in 2010. The current implementation age of HPV vaccination in Malaysian is at the age of 13 years school girls, given according to a ...

    Authors: Syed Aljunid, Namaitijiang Maimaiti, Amrizal M Nur, Mohd Rushdan Md Noor and Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:71

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is a global public health concern. Timor-Leste is facing a rapidly growing epidemic of tobacco use. The trend of smoking in Timor-Leste seems to be increasing and the magnitude of the problem affects p...

    Authors: Decio Ribeiro Sarmento and Degninou Yehadji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:65

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    There is a substantial body of evidence of income-related inequalities in dental care use, attributed to the fact that dental care is often not covered by public health insurance. Wealth-related inequalities h...

    Authors: Keiko Murakami and Hideki Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:24

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent research has illustrated the need for cross-sector partnerships to tackle multidimensional problems such as health inequalities and sport and physical activity promotion. Capacity building is based on p...

    Authors: Mathieu Marlier, Steffie Lucidarme, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Kathy Babiak and Annick Willem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:1306

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Smoking is Australia’s leading preventable cause of premature mortality and a major contributor to the national disease burden. If quit rates do not dramatically improve, then smoking will continue to be a maj...

    Authors: Doug Fraser, Ron Borland and Coral Gartner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:1026

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    Since mobility and social participation are key determinants of health and quality of life, it is important to identify factors associated with them. Although several investigations have been conducted on the ...

    Authors: Mélanie Levasseur, Mélissa Généreux, Jean-François Bruneau, Alain Vanasse, Éric Chabot, Claude Beaulac and Marie-Michèle Bédard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:503

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Research article

    In Australia, a Goods and Services Tax (GST) introduced in 2000 led to a decline in the price of ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages relative to other alcohol products. The 2008 RTD (“alcopops”) tax increased RTD p...

    Authors: Marianne Gale, David J Muscatello, Michael Dinh, Joshua Byrnes, Anthony Shakeshaft, Andrew Hayen, Chandini Raina MacIntyre, Paul Haber, Michelle Cretikos and Patricia Morton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:468

    Published on: