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Health policies, systems and management in high-income countries

Section edited by Summer Hawkins

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in high-income countries.

Page 2 of 11

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Good employee health and wellbeing is of key importance to employers and the economy. The workplace can serve as a setting for health and wellbeing promotion. Financial incentives may encourage employers to in...


    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:493

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  2. Content type: Research article

    On 6th April 2018, the UK Government introduced the Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL) as a mechanism designed to address increasing prevalence of obesity and associated ill health by reducing sugar consumption....

    Authors: Christina H. Buckton, Gillian Fergie, Philip Leifeld and Shona Hilton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:490

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) required private insurers and Medicare to cover recommended preventive services without any cost sharing to improve utilization of these services. This study is an attempt to iden...

    Authors: Abeer Alharbi, M. Mahmud Khan, Ronnie Horner, Heather Brandt and Cole Chapman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:370

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In contrast to our knowledge about the number of cancers attributed to smoking, the number of cancers attributed to alcohol is poorly understood by the public. We estimate the increase in absolute risk of canc...

    Authors: Theresa J. Hydes, Robyn Burton, Hazel Inskip, Mark A. Bellis and Nick Sheron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:316

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In most developed countries, governments are implementing policies encouraging older persons to work past 65 years to reduce the burden on societies related to disability benefits and pension payments. Despite...

    Authors: Ashley McAllister, Lee Bentley, Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Natasja Koitzsch Jensen, Lotta Nylen, Ingelise Andersen, Qing Liao, Theo Bodin, Cameron Mustard and Bo Burström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:319

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Herd immunity levels of vaccine uptake are still not reached in some high-income countries, usually in countries with persisting social inequities in uptake. Previous studies have focused on factors within one...

    Authors: Arzu Arat, Bo Burström, Viveca Östberg and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:290

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women and new mothers seeking asylum are highly vulnerable and have special needs, yet there is dearth of research related to this group in Germany. This paper reports on material circumstances and be...

    Authors: Sandra Claudia Gewalt, Sarah Berger, Joachim Szecsenyi and Kayvan Bozorgmehr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:287

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mis-implementation (i.e., the premature termination or inappropriate continuation of public health programs) contributes to the misallocation of limited public health resources and the sub-optimal response to ...

    Authors: Karishma S. Furtado, Elizabeth L. Budd, Rebecca Armstrong, Tahna Pettman, Rodrigo Reis, Pauline Sung-Chan, Zhaoxin Wang and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:270

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  9. Content type: Correspondence

    Many interventions that are delivered within public health services have little evidence of effect. Evaluating interventions that are being delivered as a part of usual practice offers opportunities to improve...

    Authors: Josie Dickerson, Philippa K. Bird, Maria Bryant, Nimarta Dharni, Sally Bridges, Kathryn Willan, Sara Ahern, Abigail Dunn, Dea Nielsen, Eleonora P. Uphoff, Tracey Bywater, Claudine Bowyer-Crane, Pinki Sahota, Neil Small, Michaela Howell, Gill Thornton…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:260

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Primary Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing is the currently recommended cervical cancer (CxCa) screening strategy by the Portuguese Society of Gynecology (SPG) clinical consensus. However, primary HPV testing...

    Authors: Angela Pista, Carlos Costa, Conceição Saldanha, José Alberto Fonseca Moutinho, José Maria Moutinho, Fernando Arrobas, Carlos Catalão and Jari Kempers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:235

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Equity-focused health impact assessment (EFHIA) can function as a framework and tool that supports users to collate data, information, and evidence related to health equity in order to identify and mitigate th...

    Authors: Ingrid Tyler, Bernie Pauly, Jenney Wang, Tobie Patterson, Ivy Bourgeault and Heather Manson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:230

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Over the last several decades, social isolation and loneliness among older adults have posed an increasingly urgent challenge due to the rapidly aging population in Japan. To remedy the situation, many communi...

    Authors: Yoh Murayama, Hiroshi Murayama, Masami Hasebe, Jun Yamaguchi and Yoshinori Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:156

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Women who are seeking services for problematic substance use are often also balancing responsibilities of motherhood. Integrated treatment programs were developed to address the diverse needs of women, by offe...

    Authors: Thao Lan Le, Chris Kenaszchuk, Karen Milligan and Karen Urbanoski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:154

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  14. Content type: Correspondence

    A high quality systematic review search has three core attributes; it is systematic, comprehensive, and transparent. The current over-emphasis on the primacy of systematic reviews over other forms of literatur...

    Authors: Devon Greyson, Ellen Rafferty, Linda Slater, Noni MacDonald, Julie A. Bettinger, Ève Dubé and Shannon E. MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:153

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Asylum seekers in Sweden are offered tuberculosis (TB) screening at a voluntary post-arrival health examination. The role of this screening in improving the TB diagnostic pathway has not been previously evalua...

    Authors: Anna Wikell, Helena Åberg, Jad Shedrawy, Isac Röhl, Jerker Jonsson, Ingela Berggren, Charlotte Buxbaum, Knut Lönnroth and Judith Bruchfeld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:151

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes increases risk for type 2 diabetes seven-fold, creating a large public health burden in a young population. In the US, there are no large registries for tracking postpartum diabetes screen...

    Authors: Cynthia J. Herrick, Matthew R. Keller, Anne M. Trolard, Ben P. Cooper, Margaret A. Olsen and Graham A. Colditz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:148

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  17. Content type: Research article

    People from refugee backgrounds face various challenges after moving to a new country. Successfully securing employment has been linked to positive health outcomes in refugee populations; there is less researc...

    Authors: Nina Wood, Grace Charlwood, Christopher Zecchin, Vibeke Hansen, Michael Douglas and Sabrina Winona Pit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:143

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Unhealthy food marketing is considered a contributor to childhood obesity. In Canada, food marketing in schools is mostly self-regulated by industry though it is sometimes restricted through provincial school ...

    Authors: Monique Potvin Kent, Cayley E. Velazquez, Elise Pauzé, Olivia Cheng-Boivin and Noami Berfeld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:114

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This paper reports on a five-year study using a theory-based program logic evaluation, and supporting survey and interview data to examine the extent to which the activites of the South Australian Health in Al...

    Authors: Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Helen van Eyk, Angela Lawless, Carmel Williams and Michael Marmot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:88

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The English national health system experienced a major reorganisation in April 2013. This mixed methods study examined how staff managed to deliver the national immunisation programme within a new health infra...

    Authors: Tracey Chantler, Sadie Bell, Vanessa Saliba, Catherine Heffernan, Thara Raj, Mary Ramsay and Sandra Mounier-Jack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:83

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The likelihood of large-scale outbreaks of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) is growing. MDRO outbreaks can affect a wide range of healthcare institutions. Control of such outbreaks requires structured coll...

    Authors: Marion de Vries, Patrick Kenis, Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager, Elis Joost Ruitenberg, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:52

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Effective alcohol policy measures conflict with the interests of the alcohol industry. In this study we addressed how various alcohol industry actors in Norway have responded to research findings and police da...

    Authors: Ingeborg Rossow and Jim McCambridge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:44

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) experience a range of cognitive, affective, and physical deficits following prenatal alcohol exposure. They are thought to be overrepresented in criminal...

    Authors: K. McLachlan, A. McNeil, J. Pei, U. Brain, G. Andrew and T. F. Oberlander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:43

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Prisoners have a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but may find it difficult to access healthcare services. This may be related to risk behaviour including history of injecting drugs and mar...

    Authors: H. Stöver, F. Meroueh, A. Marco, K. Keppler, P. Saiz de la Hoya, R. Littlewood, N. Wright, F. Nava, F. Alam, S. Walcher and L. Somaini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:30

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The public health sector is moving toward adopting evidence-informed decision making into practice, but effort is still required to effectively develop capacity and promote contextual factors that advance and ...

    Authors: Maureen Dobbins, Robyn L. Traynor, Stephanie Workentine, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie and Jennifer Yost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1412

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Many children and young people experiencing mental health difficulties (MHD) do not access care, often due to inadequate identification. Schools have a unique potential to improve early identification; however...

    Authors: Emma Soneson, Jasmine Childs-Fegredo, Joanna K. Anderson, Jan Stochl, Mina Fazel, Tamsin Ford, Ayla Humphrey, Peter B. Jones and Emma Howarth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1404

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Government alcohol monopolies were created in North America and Scandinavia to limit health and social problems. The Swedish monopoly, Systembolaget, reports to a health ministry and controls the sale of all a...

    Authors: Tim Stockwell, Adam Sherk, Thor Norström, Colin Angus, Mats Ramstedt, Sven Andréasson, Tanya Chikritzhs, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes and Pia Mäkelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1400

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Public health in England has opportunities to reduce alcohol-related harms via shaping the availability and accessibility of alcohol through the licensing function in local government. While the constraints of...

    Authors: Joanna Reynolds, Michael McGrath, Jessica Engen, Ghazaleh Pashmi, Matthew Andrews, Jin Lim and Karen Lock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1385

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Discrimination is a well-established stressor that is substantially associated with poor health and a known contributor to health inequalities. However, the role of discrimination in health service use is less...

    Authors: Billy Gazard, Zoe Chui, Lisa Harber-Aschan, Shirlee MacCrimmon, Ioannis Bakolis, Katharine Rimes, Matthew Hotopf and Stephani L. Hatch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1354

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Greenland struggles with a high prevalence of smoking, alcohol and drug abuse. In response to the increasing need for preventive initiatives, the first public health program Inuuneritta was introduced in 2007. In...

    Authors: Christine Ingemann, Barbara J. Regeer and Christina V. L. Larsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1353

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Canada, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among children and youth ≤19. Across the country, there is variability in road traffic injury prevention policies and legislation. Our objective ...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L. Fraser-Thomas, Ian Pike and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1348

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Across most high-income countries, populations are ageing. With this demographic change is an increase in the number of people living with disabilities. In this context, we sought to examine the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Jeromey B. Temple, Margaret Kelaher and Ruth Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1347

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Emergencies and disasters impact population health. Despite the importance of upstream readiness, a persistent challenge for public health practitioners is defining what it means to be prepared. There is a kno...

    Authors: Yasmin Khan, Tracey O’Sullivan, Adalsteinn Brown, Shannon Tracey, Jennifer Gibson, Mélissa Généreux, Bonnie Henry and Brian Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1344

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Concussion is a preventable injury that can have long-term health consequences for children and youth. In Ontario, the Policy/Program Memorandum # 158 (PPM) was introduced by the Ministry of Education of Ontar...

    Authors: Roman Matveev, Lauren Sergio, Jessica Fraser-Thomas and Alison K. Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1324

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, Canada adopted legislation (Bill C-32) restricting the sale of flavoured tobacco products, one of the first in the world. This study examines the agenda-setting process leading to the adoption of Bill...

    Authors: Raphael Lencucha, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonte and Jeffrey Drope

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1321

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  36. Content type: Debate

    Indigenous peoples in Canada experience disproportionate rates of suicide compared to non-Indigenous populations. Indigenous communities and organizations have designed local and regional approaches to prevent...

    Authors: Nathaniel J. Pollock, Gwen K. Healey, Michael Jong, James E. Valcour and Shree Mulay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1320

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Housing adaptations have been identified as an important environmental and prevention intervention for older adults, which may improve health and quality of life. The onset of disability in bathing can act as ...

    Authors: Phillip J. Whitehead, Miriam R. Golding-Day, Stuart Belshaw, Tony Dawson, Marilyn James and Marion F. Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1293

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Medication co-payments represent a financial barrier to antihypertensive medication adherence. The introduction of co-payments for Irish publically insured patients was associated with a 5% reduction in adhere...

    Authors: Paul Dillon, Susan M. Smith, Paul Gallagher and Gráinne Cousins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1282

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Snacking is a prevalent dietary behaviour among young adults, which could independently contribute to weight gain. Vending machines provide easy access to unhealthy snacks and beverages for young adults in uni...

    Authors: Yumeng Shi, Amanda Lee Grech and Margaret Allman-Farinelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1255

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Late diagnosis of HIV infection remains a key challenge in Europe. It is acknowledged that general practitioners (GPs) may contribute greatly to early case finding, yet there is evidence that many diagnostic o...

    Authors: Jessika Deblonde, Dominique Van Beckhoven, Jasna Loos, Nicole Boffin, André Sasse, Christiana Nöstlinger and Virginie Supervie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1191

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Many jurisdictions have enacted indoor tanning legislation in response to the health risks of artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure. Key components of these legislations include banning minors’ access...

    Authors: Jessica Reimann, Jennifer E. McWhirter, Andrew Papadopoulos and Cate Dewey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1096

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To improve the availability and accessibility of healthier food and drinks in schools, sports and worksites canteens, national Guidelines for Healthier Canteens were developed by the Netherlands Nutrition Cent...

    Authors: I. J. Evenhuis, N. L. W. J. Wezenbeek, E. L. Vyth, L. Veldhuis, M. P. Poelman, D. Wolvers, J. C. Seidell and C. M. Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1109

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Routine screening and intervention for intimate partner violence (IPV) in healthcare settings constitutes an important secondary prevention strategy for identifying individuals experiencing IPV early and conne...

    Authors: Jessica Williams, Nick Petersen and Justin Stoler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1085

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity (PIA) is a mortality risk factor defined as performing lower levels of physical activity than recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). After 2002, the WHO released the WHA55.23 R...

    Authors: X. Mayo, F. del Villar, E. Iglesias-Soler, G. Liguori, S. Mann and A. Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1081

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The majority of US children do not meet physical activity recommendations. Schools are an important environment for promoting physical activity in children, yet most school districts do not offer enough physic...

    Authors: Christina D. Economos, Megan P. Mueller, Nicole Schultz, Julie Gervis, Gabrielle F. Miller and Russell R. Pate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:992

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