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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a basel...

    Authors: L. M. Du Plessis, M. H. McLachlan and S. E. Drimie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:240

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The astonishing economic achievements of China in the past few decades have remarkably increased not only the quantity and quality of medical services but also the inequalities in health resources allocation a...

    Authors: Jingmei Ding, Xuejun Hu, Xianzhi Zhang, Lei Shang, Min Yu and Huoliang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:214

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and leprosy are disabling infectious diseases endemic in Nepal. LF infection can lead to lymphoedema and hydrocoele, while secondary effects of leprosy infection include impairments t...

    Authors: Joseph Pryce, Hayley E. Mableson, Ramesh Choudhary, Basu Dev Pandey, Dambar Aley, Hannah Betts, Charles D. Mackenzie, Louise A. Kelly-Hope and Hugh Cross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:201

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Cutaneous leishmaniasis causes a high disease burden in Colombia, and available treatments present systemic toxicity, low patient compliance, contraindications, and high costs. The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias, Liliana López-Carvajal, Mery Patricia Tamayo-Plata and Iván Darío Vélez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:185

    Content type: Research article

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  5. HIV workplace policies have become an important tool in addressing the HIV Pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Zambia, the National AIDS Council has been advocating for establishing of HIV/AIDS workplace polici...

    Authors: Bridget Chatora, Harrington Chibanda, Linda Kampata and Mutale Wilbroad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:180

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Community health workers (CHWs) provide maternal and child health services to communities in many low and middle-income countries, including South Africa (SA). CHWs can improve access to important health inter...

    Authors: A. Wilford, S. Phakathi, L. Haskins, N. A. Jama, N. Mntambo and C. Horwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), used to treat uncomplicated malaria cases, is one of the main strategies of malaria control and elimination. One of the main objectives of the Benin National Malari...

    Authors: B. G. Damien, B. Aguemon, D. Abdoulaye Alfa, D. Bocossa, A. Ogouyemi-Hounto, F. Remoue and J.-Y. Le Hesran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:168

    Content type: Research article

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  8. An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy and ch...

    Authors: Kyu Kyu Than, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, Kyaw Soe Thant, Theingi Myint, James G. Beeson, Stanley Luchters and Alison Morgan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:99

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Antibiotics have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. However, indiscriminate use and unrestricted access is contributing to the emergence of bacterial resis...

    Authors: Saviour Kwame Yevutsey, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Moses Aikins, Berko Panyin Anto, Richard B. Biritwum, Niels Frimodt-Møller and Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:896

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termi...

    Authors: Md. Nuruzzaman Khan and M. Mofizul Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:889

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Malaria is the leading cause of disease burden across the world, especially in African countries. Ethiopia has designed a five year (2011–2015) plan to cover 100% of the households in malarious areas with one ...

    Authors: Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke and Gashaw Andargie Biks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:888

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of t...

    Authors: Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni and Mehdi Javartani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:806

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Since its development in the early 1980s, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine has been proven to be highly protective. However, its immunogenicity may be ineffective among HIV-infected children. In Morocco, HBV va...

    Authors: Houda Haban, Soumia Benchekroun, Mina Sadeq, Abdelaziz Benjouad, Said Amzazi, Hicham Oumzil and Elmir Elharti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:752

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) markedly decreased in China, but there has been a significant imbalance among different geographic regions (east, central and west regions), and the mortality in the western r...

    Authors: Yan Ren, Ping Qian, Zhanqi Duan, Ziling Zhao, Jay Pan and Min Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:750

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Despite advances in medical technology and public health practice at the global level over the past millennia, infectious diseases are still the leading causes of death in most resource limited countries. Stro...

    Authors: Chomba Brian Mandyata, Linda Kampata Olowski and Wilbroad Mutale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:746

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Package inserts (PIs) as a reliable reference for patients and health care providers should provide accurate, complete and up-to-date information. The purpose of the current study is to assess and compare the ...

    Authors: Sandra A. Qatmosh, Amer A. Koni, Baraa G. Qeeno, Dina A. Arandy, Maysa W. Abu-Hashia, Bahaa M. Al-hroub and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:741

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anemia early in life has been associated with delayed cognitive and motor development. The WHO recommends home fortification using multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) containing iron as a strategy to address...

    Authors: Renfu Luo, Ai Yue, Huan Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Reynaldo Martorell, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle and Sean Sylvia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:738

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Allowing a broader range of trained health workers to deliver services can be an important way of improving access to safe abortion care. However, the expansion of health worker roles may be challenging to imp...

    Authors: Claire Glenton, Annik M. Sorhaindo, Bela Ganatra and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:730

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) puts a heavy disease burden on patients’ families, aggravating income-related inequality. In an attempt to reduce the financial risks of rural families incurring CHE, Chin...

    Authors: Hai Gu, Yun Kou, Zhiwen Yan, Yilei Ding, Jusheng Shieh, Jun Sun, Nan Cui, Qianjing Wang and Hua You

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:727

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A multi pronged community based strategy, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented from 2005–06 to 2012–13 in India to curtail maternal and child health (MCH) disparities between poor and...

    Authors: Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana and Onno C.P. van Schayck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:698

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Zoonotic diseases such as leptospirosis occur as a result of the often complex interactions that exist at the human-animal-environment interface. The most obvious consequence of this complexity is the need for...

    Authors: Simon A. Reid, Anna Rodney, Mike Kama and Peter S. Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:671

    Content type: Research article

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  22. It is globally agreed that a well-designed health system deliver timely and convenient access to health services for all patients. Many interventions aiming to reduce waiting times have been implemented in Chi...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Qian Lin, Pengyu Zhao, Qiongyao Zhang, Kai Xu, Huiying Chen, Cecile Jia Hu, Mark Stuntz, Hong Li and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:668

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mortality statistics by age, sex and cause are the foundation of basic health data required for health status assessment, epidemiological research and formation of health policy. Close to half the deaths in Ma...

    Authors: Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Khoo Yi Yi, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Chandrika Jeevananthan and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:653

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:687

  24. Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and...

    Authors: Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma and Manish Kakkar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:645

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Transportation by motorcycle and bicycle has become popular in Taiwan, this study was designed to investigate the protective effect of helmet use during motorcycle and bicycle accidents by using a propensity s...

    Authors: Spencer C. H. Kuo, Pao-Jen Kuo, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Yi-Chun Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh and Ching-Hua Hsieh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:639

    Content type: Research article

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  26. India’s Revised National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (RNTCP) offers free TB diagnosis and treatment. But more than 50% of TB patients seek care from private practitioners (PPs), where TB is managed sub...

    Authors: Vijayashree Yellappa, Pierre Lefèvre, Tullia Battaglioli, Narayanan Devadasan and Patrick Van der Stuyft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:635

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Person-centered care is a critical component of quality care, essential to enable treatment adherence, and maximize health outcomes. Improving the quality of health services is a key strategy to achieve the ne...

    Authors: Aradhana Srivastava, Devaki Singh, Dominic Montagu and Sanghita Bhattacharyya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:20

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  28. Many health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk for tuberculosis (TB). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends screening HCWs for TB in high burden settings but this is often not implemented in co...

    Authors: Suzanne Verver, Nathan Kapata, Mathildah Kakungu Simpungwe, Seraphine Kaminsa, Mavis Mwale, Chitambeya Mukwangole, Bernard Sichinga, Sevim Ahmedov and Max Meis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:17

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  29. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA), female health volunteers working at village level have become an integral component of National Health Mission (NHM) in India in the past two decades. Mitanin (meaning f...

    Authors: Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Kamaraju Raghavendra, Rajendra Mohan Bhatt, Dipak Kumar Swain, G. D. P. Dutta and Immo Kleinschmidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:9

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  30. Violence against women (VAW) is a major problem worldwide, with one in three women experiencing violence in their lifetime. While interventions to prevent violence (primary prevention) are extremely important,...

    Authors: Lucy Kirk, Samantha Terry, Kamalini Lokuge and Jessica L. Watterson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:622

    Content type: Research article

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  31. An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate ...

    Authors: Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng and Jennifer E. Gallagher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:586

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2013–2020 Action Plan for...

    Authors: Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md. Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen and Anwar Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:582

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The expansion of malaria prevention and control to school-aged children is receiving increasing attention, but there are still limited data on the costs of intervention. This paper analyses the costs of a comp...

    Authors: Roberta Maccario, Saba Rouhani, Tom Drake, Annie Nagy, Modibo Bamadio, Seybou Diarra, Souleymane Djanken, Natalie Roschnik, Siân E. Clarke, Moussa Sacko, Simon Brooker and Josselin Thuilliez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:572

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In 2014, over half (54%) of the world’s population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in ...

    Authors: Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan and Sandra Mounier-Jack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:556

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In 2013, the World Health Organization released a new set of guidelines widely known as Option B+. Prior to that there were guidelines released in 2010. Option B+ recommends lifelong antiretroviral treatment f...

    Authors: Pamela Marinda, Nkandu Chibwe, Ernest Tambo, Sidney Lulanga and Christopher Khayeka—Wandabwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:541

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is global recognition of the reproductive health rights of people living with HIV (PLHIV). The aim of this research study was to explore the reproductive choices, and the factors influencing these choice...

    Authors: Samuel Agbo and Laetitia C. Rispel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:540

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Guangdong Province in the Pearl River Delta of Southeast China is among the areas in the country with the highest rates of avian flu cases. In order to control the outbreak of human-infected H7N9 cases, Guangd...

    Authors: Xiao Lin, Dingmei Zhang, Xinwei Wang, Yun Huang, Zhicheng Du, Yaming Zou, Jiahai Lu and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:517

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The INDEPTH Training & Research Centres of Excellence (INTREC) collaboration developed a training programme to strengthen social determinants of health (SDH) research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs...

    Authors: Nicholas Henschke, Anna Mirny, Joke A Haafkens, Heribert Ramroth, Siwi Padmawati, Martin Bangha, Lisa Berkman, Laksono Trisnantoro, Yulia Blomstedt, Heiko Becher, Osman Sankoh, Peter Byass and John Kinsman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:514

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this cal...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit and Bernard Kadio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:485

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smoke...

    Authors: Zejun Li, Tara Elton-Marshall, Geoffrey T. Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang and Sara C. Hitchman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:476

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:581

  41. Great health inequalities have been reported in China over the past few years. Height has been used as an important parameter of health and it may also be distributed unequally in different regions. By studyin...

    Authors: Yong Xu and Lei Hang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:473

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Communication can be used to generate demand for vaccination or address vaccine hesitancy, and is crucial to successful childhood vaccination programmes. Research efforts have primarily focused on communicatio...

    Authors: Jessica Kaufman, Heather Ames, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Yuri Cartier, Julie Cliff, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Gabriel Rada and Sophie Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:423

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Pacific TROPIC (Translational Research for Obesity Prevention in Communities) project aimed to design, implement and evaluate a knowledge-broking approach to evidence-informed policy making to address obes...

    Authors: Peter Kremer, Helen Mavoa, Gade Waqa, Marjory Moodie, Marita McCabe and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:362

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCTOH) is held every three years to foster communication and collaboration on global tobacco control. Very little is known about the nature of interactions between WC...

    Authors: Scott J. Leischow, Janet Okamoto, Scott McIntosh, Deborah J. Ossip and Harry A. Lando

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:338

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper d...

    Authors: Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong and Habib Benzian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:302

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Half of the estimated annual 28 million non-communicable diseases (NCDs) deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributed to weak health systems. Current health policy responses to NCDs are fr...

    Authors: Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Karien Stronks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Andre Pascal Kengne and Charles Agyemang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:297

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has adopted an approach entitled Community Conversation (CC) to improve community engagement in addressing health challenges. CCs are based on Paulo Freire’s tra...

    Authors: Wilbroad Mutale, Chisala Masoso, Bisalom Mwanza, Cindy Chirwa, Lasidah Mwaba, Zumbe Siwale, Barbara Lamisa, Dennis Musatwe and Roma Chilengi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:277

    Content type: Research article

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