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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

Section edited by Ariadne Kapetanaki, Christopher Barton

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In 2013, the World Health Organization released a new set of guidelines widely known as Option B+. Prior to that there were guidelines released in 2010. Option B+ recommends lifelong antiretroviral treatment f...

    Authors: Pamela Marinda, Nkandu Chibwe, Ernest Tambo, Sidney Lulanga and Christopher Khayeka—Wandabwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:541

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Guangdong Province in the Pearl River Delta of Southeast China is among the areas in the country with the highest rates of avian flu cases. In order to control the outbreak of human-infected H7N9 cases, Guangd...

    Authors: Xiao Lin, Dingmei Zhang, Xinwei Wang, Yun Huang, Zhicheng Du, Yaming Zou, Jiahai Lu and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:517

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The INDEPTH Training & Research Centres of Excellence (INTREC) collaboration developed a training programme to strengthen social determinants of health (SDH) research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs...

    Authors: Nicholas Henschke, Anna Mirny, Joke A Haafkens, Heribert Ramroth, Siwi Padmawati, Martin Bangha, Lisa Berkman, Laksono Trisnantoro, Yulia Blomstedt, Heiko Becher, Osman Sankoh, Peter Byass and John Kinsman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:514

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this cal...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit and Bernard Kadio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:485

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Health warnings labels (HWLs) have the potential to effectively communicate the health risks of smoking to smokers and non-smokers, and encourage smokers to quit. This study sought to examine whether non-smoke...

    Authors: Zejun Li, Tara Elton-Marshall, Geoffrey T. Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang and Sara C. Hitchman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:476

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:581

  6. Content type: Research article

    Great health inequalities have been reported in China over the past few years. Height has been used as an important parameter of health and it may also be distributed unequally in different regions. By studyin...

    Authors: Yong Xu and Lei Hang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:473

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Communication can be used to generate demand for vaccination or address vaccine hesitancy, and is crucial to successful childhood vaccination programmes. Research efforts have primarily focused on communicatio...

    Authors: Jessica Kaufman, Heather Ames, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Yuri Cartier, Julie Cliff, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Gabriel Rada and Sophie Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:423

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The Pacific TROPIC (Translational Research for Obesity Prevention in Communities) project aimed to design, implement and evaluate a knowledge-broking approach to evidence-informed policy making to address obes...

    Authors: Peter Kremer, Helen Mavoa, Gade Waqa, Marjory Moodie, Marita McCabe and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:362

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCTOH) is held every three years to foster communication and collaboration on global tobacco control. Very little is known about the nature of interactions between WC...

    Authors: Scott J. Leischow, Janet Okamoto, Scott McIntosh, Deborah J. Ossip and Harry A. Lando

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:338

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Half of the estimated annual 28 million non-communicable diseases (NCDs) deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributed to weak health systems. Current health policy responses to NCDs are fr...

    Authors: Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Karien Stronks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Andre Pascal Kengne and Charles Agyemang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:297

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper d...

    Authors: Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong and Habib Benzian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:302

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has adopted an approach entitled Community Conversation (CC) to improve community engagement in addressing health challenges. CCs are based on Paulo Freire’s tra...

    Authors: Wilbroad Mutale, Chisala Masoso, Bisalom Mwanza, Cindy Chirwa, Lasidah Mwaba, Zumbe Siwale, Barbara Lamisa, Dennis Musatwe and Roma Chilengi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:277

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension affects one billion people globally and is one of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular and renal diseases. However, hypertension management remains poor, especially in rural China.

    Authors: Yuting Zhang, Wenxi Tang, Yan Zhang, Lulu Liu and Liang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:244

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Many low and middle income countries have developed community health strategies involving lay health workers, to complement and strengthen public health services. This study explores variations in costing para...

    Authors: Charles Ouma Wafula, Nancy Edwards and Dan C. O. Kaseje

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:224

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) pose serious challenges to global health, particularly in China, which has the second highest case burden in the world. Disparities in access to...

    Authors: C. Hutchison, M. S. Khan, J. Yoong, X. Lin and R. J. Coker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:221

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination covera...

    Authors: Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:200

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Chile is the second world’s largest per capita consumer of caloric beverages. Caloric beverages are associated with overweight, obesity and other chronic diseases. The objective of this study is to estimate th...

    Authors: Carlos M. Guerrero-López, Mishel Unar-Munguía and M. Arantxa Colchero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:180

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Convergence of sectoral programs is important for scaling up essential maternal and child health and nutrition interventions. In India, these interventions are implemented by two government programs – Integrat...

    Authors: Sunny S. Kim, Rasmi Avula, Rajani Ved, Neha Kohli, Kavita Singh, Mara van den Bold, Suneetha Kadiyala and Purnima Menon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:161

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer (CC) and genital warts (GW) are a significant public health issue in Venezuela. Our objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the two available vaccines, bivalent and quadrivalent, agai...

    Authors: Ariel Esteban Bardach, Osvaldo Ulises Garay, María Calderón, Andrés Pichón-Riviére, Federico Augustovski, Sebastián García Martí, Paula Cortiñas, Marino Gonzalez, Laura T. Naranjo, Jorge Alberto Gomez and Joaquín Enzo Caporale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:152

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality is noticeably high in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. Continuous nationwide systematic evaluation and assessment of the problem helps to design appropriate policy and strat...

    Authors: Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Caroline O. Laurence, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Awoke Misganaw, Sintayehu A. Woldie, Abiye Hiruye, Azmeraw T. Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Berihun M. Zeleke and Amare Deribew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:160

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of breast cancer in Asia is increasing because of urbanization and lifestyle changes. In the developing countries in Asia, women present at late stages, and mortality is high. Mammographic screen...

    Authors: Marianne Lee, Shivaani Mariapun, Nadia Rajaram, Soo-Hwang Teo and Cheng-Har Yip

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:127

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Screening is the main preventive method for cervical cancer in developing countries, but each type of screening has advantages and disadvantages. To investigate the most suitable method for low-income areas in...

    Authors: Yu Xie, Xiaodong Tan, Haiyan Shao, Qing Liu, Jiyu Tou, Yuling Zhang, Qiong Luo and Qunying Xiang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:118

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Dental care is extremely costly and beyond most people means in developing countries. The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact of out-of-pocket payments for dental care on household finances i...

    Authors: Eduardo Bernabé, Mohd Masood and Marko Vujicic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:109

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Onchocerciasis is a severe parasitic infestation which causes disabling skin and subcutaneous tissue changes. Current global estimates suggest that it accounts for 1135.7 disability adjusted life years (DALYs)...

    Authors: Tsi Njim and Leopold Ndemnge Aminde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:103

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, after many delays and changes, India introduced a single pictorial health warning label (HWL) on smokeless tobacco (SLT) packing—a symbolic image of a scorpion covering 40% of the front surface. In 20...

    Authors: Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T. Fong, Pete Driezen, Steve Xu, Anne C. K. Quah, Genevieve Sansone, Prakash C. Gupta and Mangesh S. Pednekar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1246

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The physical inactivity pandemic and related non-communicable diseases have made it imperative for medical doctors (MDs) to effectively provide lifestyle counseling as part of prevention and treatment plans fo...

    Authors: Maria C. Arciniegas Calle, Felipe Lobelo, Mario A. Jiménez, Diana C. Páez, Sebastian Cortés, Andrés de Lima and John Duperly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1224

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Afghanistan has made great strides in the coverage of health services across the country but coverage of key indicators remains low nationally and whether the poorest households are accessing these services is...

    Authors: Christine Kim, Khwaja Mir Ahad Saeed, Ahmad Shah Salehi and Wu Zeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1226

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also ...

    Authors: Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1214

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Social capital is often believed to be one of the key prerequisites for successful implementation of community-based health programs. In less-developed countries, local leaders are positioned as major players ...

    Authors: Jinho Kim, Ji-Hye Kim, Vanphanom Sychareun and Minah Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1189

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  30. Content type: Research article

    This paper discusses the establishment of a clinical trial of an Ebola vaccine candidate in Kambia District, Northern Sierra Leone during the epidemic, and analyses the role of social science research in ensur...

    Authors: Luisa Enria, Shelley Lees, Elizabeth Smout, Thomas Mooney, Angus F. Tengbeh, Bailah Leigh, Brian Greenwood, Deborah Watson-Jones and Heidi Larson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1140

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  31. Content type: Debate

    Hepatitis C affects over 185 million people around the world. This silent disease is responsible for up to 700,000 deaths per year. Despite the scientific revolution in diagnosis and treatment, hepatitis C con...

    Authors: Fabio Mesquita, Melina Erica Santos, Adele Benzaken, Renato Girade Corrêa, Elisa Cattapan, Leandro Soares Sereno and Marcelo Contardo Moscoso Naveira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1132

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although linkages have been found between agricultural interventions and nutritional health, and the development of clean fuels and improved solid fuel stoves in reducing household air pollution and adverse he...

    Authors: Santosh Gaihre, Janet Kyle, Sean Semple, Jo Smith, Madhu Subedi and Debbi Marais

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1093

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A negative attitude toward disability is one of the potential barriers for people with disability (PWD) to achieve social equality. Although numerous studies have investigated attitudes toward disability, few ...

    Authors: Qiaolan Zheng, Qi Tian, Chun Hao, Jing Gu, Jianting Tao, Zuoyi Liang, Xinlin Chen, Jiqian Fang, Jianhua Ruan, Qiuxiang Ai and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1024

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Recent malaria control and elimination attempts show remarkable success in several parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Vector control via larval source management represents a new and to date underrepresented approac...

    Authors: Peter Dambach, Issouf Traoré, Achim Kaiser, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn and Norbert Becker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1023

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Violence against children (VAC) remains a global problem. The health sector has an opportunity and responsibility to be part of the multi-sector collaboration to prevent and respond to VAC. This review aimed t...

    Authors: Andrea L. Wirtz, Carmen Alvarez, Alessandra C. Guedes, Luisa Brumana, Cecilie Modvar and Nancy Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1006

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although there are a growing number of initiatives aimed at supporting guideline implementation in resource-constrained settings, few studies assess progress on achieving next steps and goals after the initial...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Sami Uka, Joshua P. Vogel, Caitlyn Timmings, Shusmita Rashid, A. Metin Gülmezoglu and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:987

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Community Directed Intervention (CDI) strategy has been used to conduct various health interventions in Africa, including control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Although the CDI approach has shown ...

    Authors: Gladys O. Odhiambo, Rosemary M. Musuva, Maurice R. Odiere and Pauline N. Mwinzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:986

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although many studies have investigated the relationship between the introduction of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) in rural China in 2003 and increased use of medical services, the effect on health...

    Authors: Qicheng Jiang, Zhen Jiang, Zhang Xin and Nicola Cherry

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:980

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  39. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to investigate the management of hypertension in Shanghai, China and to examine whether there was any difference of hypertension management among people enrolled in different health insurances.

    Authors: Xinji Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Xiang Xiao, Xiuqiang Ma and Jia He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:959

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The health service of China has encountered significant challenges due to inequalities in socio-economic determinants of health. HIV patients are known to suffer from social stigma, and may receive inadequate ...

    Authors: Jing Li, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Lin Lu, Le Cai, Jing You, Edward B. McNeil and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:955

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  41. Content type: Debate

    Public health has multicultural origins. By the close of the nineteenth century, Schools of Public Health (SPHs) began to emerge in western countries in response to major contemporary public health challenges....

    Authors: Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Göran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Khan, Rozina Karmaliani, Imran Naeem Abbasi…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:941

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  42. Content type: Correspondence

    The scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi was based on a public health approach adapted to its resource-poor setting, with principles and practices borrowed from the successful tuberculosis contro...

    Authors: Anthony D. Harries, Nathan Ford, Andreas Jahn, Erik J. Schouten, Edwin Libamba, Frank Chimbwandira and Dermot Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:938

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Periodic assessment is one of the recommendations for improving health-care waste management worldwide. This study aimed at translating and adapting the Health-Care Waste Management - Rapid Assessment Tool (HC...

    Authors: Eliana Napoleão Cozendey-Silva, Cintia Ribeiro da Silva, Ariane Leites Larentis, Julio Cesar Wasserman, Brani Rozemberg and Liliane Reis Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:928

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) are community health volunteers supporting the work of midwives, especially maternal and child health services in hard to-reach areas in Myanmar. This paper assessed the contributions...

    Authors: Sangay Wangmo, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Wai Mar Mar Htun, Tin Tun Aung, Chiraporn Khitdee, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Pe Thet Htoon and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:914

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1074

  45. Content type: Debate

    Whilst multi-lateral funding for HIV/AIDS dramatically increased from 2004 to 2008, it has largely plateaued in the last 8 years. Across sub-Saharan Africa, up to 20 % of total spending on health is used for H...

    Authors: Tom Kakaire, Walter Schlech, Alex Coutinho, Richard Brough and Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:896

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Rational medicine use is essential to optimize quality of healthcare delivery and resource utilization. We aim to conduct a systematic review of changes in prescribing patterns in the WHO African region and co...

    Authors: Richard Ofori-Asenso, Petra Brhlikova and Allyson M. Pollock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:724

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