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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. Integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) is the strategy adopted for public health surveillance in Nigeria. IDSR has been operational in Nigeria since 2001 but the functionality varies from state to...

    Authors: Luka Mangveep Ibrahim, Mary Stephen, Ifeanyi Okudo, Samuel Mutbam Kitgakka, Ibrahim Njida Mamadu, Isha Fatma Njai, Saliu Oladele, Sadiq Garba, Olubunmi Ojo, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Clement Lugala Peter Lasuba, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Peter Nsubuga and Wondimagegnehu Alemu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:600

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. In China, some medicines had a supply problem. In 2015, to address this problem, the Chinese government issued a policy to raise the price cap for some shorted low-cost medicines (LCMs). The objective was to a...

    Authors: Xuejing Rong, Jia Yin, Shuoyun Duan, Qiang Sun and Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:588

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The causal relationship between high-risk (hr) HPV infection and precancerous lesions or cervical cancer has led to the development of strategies to increase screening performance and prevent this cancer. The ...

    Authors: Julio Cesar Teixeira, Diama Bhadra Vale, Joana Froes Bragança, Cirbia Silva Campos, Michelle Garcia Discacciati and Luiz Carlos Zeferino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:576

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Examining various problems after disasters is important for the affected people. Managing humanitarian aid and donations among the affected people is considered as one of the most important problems after disa...

    Authors: Hamid Safarpour, Saeideh Fooladlou, Meysam Safi-Keykaleh, Somayyeh Mousavipour, Davoud Pirani, Ali Sahebi, Hassan Ghodsi, Iman Farahi-Ashtiani and Arezoo Dehghani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:563

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Government of India is introducing new and relatively costly vaccines under immunization program. Monitoring of vaccine wastage is needed to guide the program implementation and forecasting. Under pilot introd...

    Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Mangla Sood, Muralidhar Parashuram Tambe, Thakur Dutt Sharma, Malangori Abdul Gani Parande, Jitendra Bhaskar Surwade, Nandakumar Manikrao Salunkhe, Shital Somsing Patil, Bhagwan Pawar, Rajesh Guleri, Chitra Kaushal and Monica Sindhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:556

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) have remained plagued with the burden of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The decomposition of the educational inequalities in SAM across individual, household and neigh...

    Authors: A. F. Fagbamigbe, N. B. Kandala and O. A. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:555

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In 2014, a revision of the national medical tariffs for inpatient health care services took place in Iran, and a new hotline was set up to report informal payments. It was expected that such measures would eli...

    Authors: Leila Doshmangir, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Maryam Ghiasipour, Ali Aboutorabi and Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:539

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:781

  8. Indonesia shoulders a significant tobacco burden, with almost two million cases of tobacco-related illnesses and more than two hundred thousand tobacco-related deaths annually. Indonesian tobacco control is pr...

    Authors: Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Mary Assunta and Becky Freeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Chinese government has begun to dampen the growth of health expenditure by implementing Global Budgets (GB). Concerns were raised about whether reductions in expenditure would lead to a deterioration of qu...

    Authors: Xiaodong Guan, Chi Zhang, Huajie Hu and Luwen Shi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) and Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) are both commonly used as acute malnutrition screening criteria. However, there exists disparity between the groups identified as malnouri...

    Authors: Eunyong Ahn, Cyprian Ouma, Mesfin Loha, Asrat Dibaba, Wendy Dyment, Jaekwang Kim, Nam Seon Beck and Taesung Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Eighty per cent of perinatally HIV infected (PHI) adolescents live in sub-Saharan Africa (sSA), a setting also characterized by huge economic disparities. Caregiving is crucial to the management of chronic ill...

    Authors: Patrick V. Katana, Amina Abubakar, Moses K. Nyongesa, Derrick Ssewanyana, Paul Mwangi, Charles R. Newton and Julie Jemutai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Screening for sexually transmitted infection (STI) especially HIV as early detection and treatment have been financially supported under the Thai Universal Coverage (UC) scheme since 2009 (THB140 for HIV). How...

    Authors: Orawan Anunsittichai, Krit Pongpirul, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Koranit Roowicha, Jirarat Kaewprasert, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin and Surasith Chaithongwongwattana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Recruiting of sufficient numbers of donors of blood products is vital worldwide. In this study we assessed the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of telephone calls and SMS reminders for re-recruitment of inactiv...

    Authors: Jian Ou-Yang, Chun-Hua Bei, Hua-Qin Liang, Bo He, Jin-Yan Chen and Yong-Shui Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:475

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labeling is a cost-effective strategy to help consumers make informed and healthier food choices. We aimed to investigate the effect of the FOP labels used in the Latin American r...

    Authors: Alejandra Jáuregui, Jorge Vargas-Meza, Claudia Nieto, Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Nelson Zacarías Alejandro, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Marissa G. Hall and Simón Barquera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Since March 2014, the quadrivalent HPV vaccine has been incorporated into the Brazilian Unified Health Care System and began to be offered, without direct costs, for girls from 9 to 13 years of age. Older fema...

    Authors: Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho, Alexandre Grangeiro and José Eluf-Neto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We examined the physiological, household, and spatial agglomeration characteristics of the health poverty population in China. We identified weak links that affect the implementation of the medical insurance a...

    Authors: Meiyan Ma, Ye Li, Nianshi Wang, Qunhong Wu, Linghan Shan, Mingli Jiao, Xuelian Fu, Heng Li, Tao Sun, Bin Yi, Wanxin Tian, Qi Xia, Baoguo Shi, Yanhua Hao, Hui Yin, Ning Ning…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Despite tremendous progress in controlling the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV-related mortality continues to increase among adolescents and young people living with HIV (AYPLHIV). Globally, sub-Sahara...

    Authors: Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Mathebe Kopo, Nadine Bachmann, Jennifer Anne Brown, Tracy Renée Glass, Josephine Muhairwe, Tebatso Matsela, Ramona Scherrer, Lebohang Chere, Tilo Namane, Niklaus Daniel Labhardt and Alain Amstutz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:425

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. More than 90% of the Chinese population was covered by its three basic social health insurances. However, the Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (RUMWs), accounting for about one-fifth of China’s total pop...

    Authors: Shanquan Chen, Yingyao Chen, Zhanchun Feng, Xi Chen, Zheng Wang, Jianfeng Zhu, Jun Jin, Qiang Yao, Li Xiang, Lan Yao, Ju Sun, Lu Zhao, Hong Fung, Eliza Lai-yi Wong and Dong Dong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) are on the rise in low and middle-income countries attributed to modern sedentary lifestyle and dietary habits. This has led to the need of assessment of the bur...

    Authors: Tariq Ashraf, Muhammad Naeem Mengal, Atif Sher Muhammad, Asal Khan Tareen, Muhammad Nauman Khan, Khawar Abbas Kazmi, Asif Nadeem, Shakil Sarwar, Zara Bashir, Nadeem Qamar and Musa Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:403

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Major transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have identified Nigeria, the seventh most populous country in the world, as a market with a significant revenue potential, given its high youth population and growi...

    Authors: Ukoabasi Isip and John Calvert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Adults with chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, or lung disease are more likely to develop complications from a number of vaccine-preventable diseases, including influenza and pneumonia. In thi...

    Authors: Yuheng Wang, Minna Cheng, Siyuan Wang, Fei Wu, Qinghua Yan, Qinping Yang, Yanyun Li, Xiang Guo, Chen Fu, Yan Shi, Abram L. Wagner and Matthew L. Boulton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Immediate uptake of antiretroviral therapy (ART) after an HIV-positive diagnosis (Test and Treat) is now being implemented in Uganda. Data are limited on lost to follow-up (LTFU) in high-risk cohorts that have...

    Authors: Onesmus Kamacooko, Yunia Mayanja, Daniel Bagiire, Gertrude Namale, Christian Holm Hansen and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  23. China has rapidly transformed into an ageing nation and will be one of the countries with the highest percentage of aged people in 2050. Healthcare management for the aged (HMA) in basic public health service ...

    Authors: Li Li, Rui Zhang, Yong Chen, Haoyue Deng, Shili Liu, Geng Wang, Mei Wang, Shengxiang Liang, Wei Xing, Hai Lin and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:338

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Malawi adopted the 2012 updated Word Health Organization (WHO) Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) policy in 2013. This study aimed to estima...

    Authors: Steven Chifundo Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The WHO’s “best buys” and other recommended interventions are a menu of policy options and cost-effective interventions for the prevention and control of major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The menu has six...

    Authors: Ahad Bakhtiari, Amirhossein Takian, Reza Majdzadeh and Ali Akbar Haghdoost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The scale-up of HIV treatment programs has resulted in a reduction in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, retention of patients in these programs remains a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Understand...

    Authors: Paul Wekesa, Angela McLigeyo, Kevin Owuor, Jonathan Mwangi, Evelyne Nganga and Kenneth Masamaro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Seasonal migrant and permanent laborers who are working in big mechanized agricultural farms in Metema – Humera lowlands are not included in Ethiopia Malaria Elimination Program. The aim of this research was t...

    Authors: Wossenseged Lemma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:320

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Despite policies and guidelines recommending integration of health services in South Africa, provision of maternal and child health services remains fragmented. This study evaluated a rapid, scaleable, quality...

    Authors: Lyn Haskins, Jessica Chiliza, Pierre Barker, Catherine Connolly, Sifiso Phakathi, Alison Feeley and Christiane Horwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Organisational culture (OC) has increasingly become a crucial factor in defining healthcare practice and management. However, there has been little research validating and adapting OCAI (organisational culture...

    Authors: Nguyen Van Huy, Nguyen Thi Hoai Thu, Nguyen Le Tuan Anh, Nguyen Thanh Hai Au, Nguyen The Phuong, Nguyen Thi Cham and Pham Duc Minh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Epidemiological models have been employed with great success to explore the efficacy of alternative strategies at combating disease outbreaks. These models have often incorporated an understanding of age-based...

    Authors: Kellen Myers, Agnesa Redere and Nina H. Fefferman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Many studies focused on health inequality between migrant older adults and local older adults, while few study concerned the health inequalities between urban-to-urban and rural-to-urban migrant older adults. ...

    Authors: Sha Ma, Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Weiming Cao, Minmin Jiang and Lu Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pesticide self-poisoning is a common means of suicide in India. Banning highly hazardous pesticides from agricultural use has been successful in reducing total suicide numbers in several South Asian countries ...

    Authors: Toby Bonvoisin, Leah Utyasheva, Duleeka Knipe, David Gunnell and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Monitoring of the expanded program on immunization’s performance is not only limited to routine periodic reports but equally includes surveys. Based on unpublished national EPI surveillance data from the past ...

    Authors: Jérôme Ateudjieu, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, André Pascal Goura, Ayok Maureen Tembei, Douanla Koutio Ingrid, Beyala Bita’a Landry, Bruno Kenfack, Lapia Amada, Isaac Tadzong and Anne Cecile Bissek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Kerala is facing challenges in the secondary prevention efforts of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In spite of being the top performer in health parameters among Indian states, the burden of NCDs, especially...

    Authors: Vijayakumar Krishnapillai, Sanjeev Nair, Anand T. N, Sreelal T. P and Biju Soman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  35. We examined the magnitude and correlates of Ebola virus disease (EVD)-related stigma among EVD survivors in Sierra Leone since their return to their communities. In addition, we determined whether EVD-related ...

    Authors: Peter Bai James, Jonathan Wardle, Amie Steel and Jon Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women with more than 85% of the burden in developing countries. In Uganda, cervical cancer has shown an increase of 1.8% per annum over the last 20...

    Authors: Juliet Nabirye, Livex Andrew Okwi, Rebecca Nuwematsiko, George Kiwanuka, Fiston Muneza, Carol Kamya and Juliet N. Babirye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:491

  37. The problem of AIDS response has not only involved public health, but also had a great impact on the family burden.The objective of this study was to estimate the preventive and curative care expenditure(PCE)f...

    Authors: Huan Zhan, Qiong Wu, Shuang Zang, Liangrong Zhou and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Routine immunization programs face many challenges in settings such as Papua New Guinea with dispersed rural populations, rugged geography and limited resources for transport and health. Low routine coverage c...

    Authors: Christopher J. Morgan, Olga P. M. Saweri, Nicholas Larme, Elizabeth Peach, Pele Melepia, Lucy Au, Michelle J. L. Scoullar, Mohammad Salim Reza, Lisa M. Vallely, Barbara I. McPake and James G. Beeson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a top global health agenda especially in high HIV/AIDS endemic locations where there is increased likelihood of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Soc...

    Authors: Lawrence P. O. Were, Edwin Were, Richard Wamai, Joseph Hogan and Omar Galarraga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) have critical needs for effective HIV prevention tools. This study identified perspectives of MSM, FSW and policy makers on the needs for, barriers to,...

    Authors: G. Emmanuel, M. Folayan, G. Undelikwe, B. Ochonye, T. Jayeoba, A. Yusuf, B. Aiwonodagbon, C. Bilali, P. Umoh, K. Ojemeiri and A. Kalaiwo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  41. As HIV cure research advances, there is an increasing need for community engagement in health research, especially in low- and middle-income countries with ongoing clinical trials. Crowdsourcing contests provi...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Suzanne Day, Nancy S. Yang, Huanyu Bao, Linghua Li, Allison Mathews and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, and associated morbidity and mortality, is increasing rapidly in low and middle-income countries where health systems often have limited access and lower quality of...

    Authors: Ashley Sharp, Nick Riches, Annastesia Mims, Sweetness Ntshalintshali, David McConalogue, Paul Southworth, Callum Pierce, Philip Daniels, Muhindo Kalungero, Futhi Ndzinisa, Ekta Elston, Valephi Okello and John Walley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Philippines is facing a rapidly rising HIV epidemic among young men who have sex with men (MSM). Testing rates among young populations is poor. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a promising strategy to address t...

    Authors: Jesal Gohil, Emmanuel S. Baja, Tyrone Reden Sy, Ernest Genesis Guevara, Charlotte Hemingway, Paul Mark B. Medina, Leila Coppens, Godofreda V. Dalmacion and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Increasing medicines availability and affordability is a key goal of Brazilian health policies. “Farmácia Popular” (FP) Program is one of the government’s key strategies to achieve this goal. Under FP, antihypert...

    Authors: Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan and Vera Lucia Luiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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