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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

Section edited by Ariadne Kapetanaki.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. With increasing demand for red meat in Tanzania comes heightened potential for zoonotic infections in animals and humans that disproportionately affect poor communities. A range of frontline government employe...

    Authors: T. A. Hrynick, V. Barasa, J. Benschop, S. Cleaveland, J. A. Crump, M. Davis, B. Mariki, B. T. Mmbaga, N. Mtui-Malamsha, G. Prinsen, J. Sharp, E. Sindiyo, E. S. Swai, K. M. Thomas, R. Zadoks and L. Waldman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:863

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The escalating prevalence of overweight and obesity globally is reflected amongst urban women in many low-to-middle income countries. Evidence also shows that overweight and obesity is an increasing trend in B...

    Authors: Tania Sultana Tanwi, Sayan Chakrabarty, Syed Hasanuzzaman, Sue Saltmarsh and Stephen Winn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:842

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Improving maternal and child health (MCH) remains a serious challenge for many developing countries. Geographical accessibility from a residence to the nearest health facility is suspected to be an important o...

    Authors: Mariam Tanou and Yusuke Kamiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:838

    Content type: Research article

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  4. International sustainable development goals for the elimination of viral hepatitis as a public health problem by 2030 highlight the need to optimize strategies for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of hepati...

    Authors: Jolynne Mokaya, Edward A. O. Burn, Cynthia Raissa Tamandjou, Dominique Goedhals, Eleanor J. Barnes, Monique Andersson, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva and Philippa C. Matthews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:829

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Reducing maternal mortality remains a global priority. In 2000, the United Nations Member States pledged to work towards a series of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), in which the fifth target was to reduce...

    Authors: Pengyu Zhao, Yifan Diao, Lili You, Shichao Wu, Li Yang and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:824

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Harmful alcohol use is a modifiable risk factor contributing to the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases and deaths and the implementation of policies focused on primary prevention is pivotal to addr...

    Authors: Opeyemi Abiona, Mojisola Oluwasanu and Oladimeji Oladepo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:810

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Improper use of antibiotics leads to the emergence of resistant microorganisms as well as drug toxicity, increased healthcare costs, morbidity and mortality. Globally, an estimated 25–68% of hospitalized patie...

    Authors: Antoinette A. A. Bediako-Bowan, Enid Owusu, Appiah-Korang Labi, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Gifty Sunkwa-Mills, Stephanie Bjerrum, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Cynthia Bannerman, Kåre Mølbak, Jørgen Anders Lindholm Kurtzhals and Mercy Jemima Newman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:797

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Ghana is among African countries not likely to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) three (3) target of reducing maternal mortality to 70 per 100,000 live births by the year 2030 if maternal and chil...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Japiong Milipaak, Evelyn Korkor Ansah and Seth Owusu-Agyei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:791

    Content type: Research article

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  9. No studies have examined distribution, retention and use of maternal and child health (MCH) home-based records (HBRs) in the poorest women in low income countries. Our primary objective was to compare distribu...

    Authors: Sayed Ataullah Saeedzai, Iftekhar Sadaat, Zelaikha Anwari, Shafiqullah Hemat, Shakir Hadad, Keiko Osaki, Megumi Asaba, Yohei Ishiguro, Rasuli Mudassir, Jane Machlin Burke, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Khaksar Yousufi and Karen Margaret Edmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:766

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Ethiopia had an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality due to road traffic injury. Road traffic injured patient’s recovery rate is affected by many different factors. Those factors might affect the durati...

    Authors: Kissanet Tesfay, Mulubirhan Assefa, Dawit Zenebe, Mekonnen Gebremicael, Getahun Kebede and Hayelom Gebrekirstos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:749

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Women in India are often asked to make informal payments for maternal health care services that the government has mandated to be free. This paper is a descriptive case study of a social accountability project...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf and Jashodhara Dasgupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:732

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With Universal Health Coverage and Integrated People-centred Health Care, streamlined health-systems and respectful care are necessary. South Africa has made great strides in prevention of mother-to-child tran...

    Authors: Elizabeth Spooner, Kerusha Govender, Tarylee Reddy, Gita Ramjee, Noxolo Mbadi, Swaran Singh and Anna Coutsoudis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:731

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pastoralists rely on traditional healers (THs) for general health problems. However, some studies indicate that such practices result in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases. This s...

    Authors: Bezawit Temesgen Sima, Tefera Belachew, Gunnar Bjune and Fekadu Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:721

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In Ghana, limited evidence exists about the geographical accessibility to health facilities providing tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic services to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, we aimed to a...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Kwame M. Adu, Felix Apiribu, Vitalis Bawontuo, Duncan A. Adogboba, Kwasi T. Ali and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:718

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Ghana has reached an advanced stage of nutrition transition, contributing to an increase in nutrition-related non-communicable diseases, particularly amongst urban women. Community involvement is an important ...

    Authors: Rebecca Pradeilles, Colette Marr, Amos Laar, Michelle Holdsworth, Francis Zotor, Akua Tandoh, Senam Klomegah, Nathaniel Coleman, Kristin Bash, Mark Green and Paula L. Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:646

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Child health, nutrition, and responsive stimulation interventions have been developed to improve child survival, growth and development outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Nevertheless, research on i...

    Authors: Christopher R. Sudfeld, Lilia Bliznashka, Geofrey Ashery, Aisha K. Yousafzai and Honorati Masanja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:641

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. With Bangladesh’s adoption of the third Sustainable Development Goal to reduce maternal mortality, the impetus for Bangladesh to continue to improve uptake of maternal healthcare is strong.

    Authors: Bridget L. Ryan, Rohin J. Krishnan, Amanda Terry and Amardeep Thind

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:583

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In China, the most populous developing country in the world, dementia represents a serious challenge. We performed a large-scale systematic review and meta-regression analysis to elucidate the prevalence of de...

    Authors: Yangjun Zhu, Hao Liu, Xi-Li Lu, Bo Zhang, Wanwen Weng, Jun Yang, Jun Zhang and Meng-Jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:578

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The most recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and infant feeding promotes exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in resource limited settings for the prevention of mot...

    Authors: Simangaliso Nyoni, Linda Sweet, Jacinta Clark and Paul Ward

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:570

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The prevalence of stroke in Uganda is increasing. In stroke rehabilitation, information and communication technology has been shown to have potential in improving service delivery in high-income countries but ...

    Authors: Minna Teriö, Gunilla Eriksson, Julius T. Kamwesiga and Susanne Guidetti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:562

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In the past decade, the rate of cesarean delivery increased dramatically in rural China under the fee-for-service (FFS) system. In September 2011, the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) agency in Yong’an co...

    Authors: Zhaolin Meng, Kun Zou, Ning Ding, Min Zhu, Yuanyi Cai and Huazhang Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:557

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In 2012, South Africa adopted the Contraception and Fertility Planning guidelines to incorporate safer conception services into care for HIV-affected couples trying to conceive. These guidelines lacked clear i...

    Authors: Mariya C. Patwa, Jean Bassett, Leah Holmes, Lillian Mutunga, Mutsa Mudavanhu, Thembisile Makhomboti, Annelies Van Rie and Sheree R. Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:532

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Electronic clinical decision algorithms (eCDAs) that guide clinicians during patient management are being deployed in resource-limited settings to improve the quality of care and rational use of medicines (esp...

    Authors: Cécile Bessat, Noël Adannou Zonon and Valérie D’Acremont

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) outcomes are adversely impacted by delay in diagnosis and treatment.

    Authors: Stellah G. Mpagama, Peter M. Mbelele, Anna M. Chongolo, Isaack A. Lekule, Johnson J. Lyimo, Gibson S. Kibiki and Scott K. Heysell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:395

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In remote rural Tanzania, the rate of linkage into HIV care was estimated at 28% in 2014. This study explored facilitators and barriers to linkage to HIV care at individual/patient, health care provider, healt...

    Authors: Erica S. Sanga, Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Adiel K. Mushi, Wondwossen Lerebo and Christina Zarowsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS) in Sierra Leone partially rolled out the implementation of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) in 2003. After the Ebola virus disease outbreak in 20...

    Authors: Charles Njuguna, Amara Jambai, Alexander Chimbaru, Anders Nordstrom, Roland Conteh, Anderson Latt, Shikanga O-tipo, Robert Musoke, Jane Githuku, Zablon Yoti, Ali Yahaya, Ambrose Talisuna, Soatiana Rajatonirina and Ibrahima Socé Fall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:364

    Content type: Research article

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  27. While there has been progress in controlling the HIV epidemic, HIV still remains a disease of global concern. Some of the progress has been attributed to increased public awareness and uptake of public health ...

    Authors: Lydia Kapiriri, Na-Mee Lee, Lauren Jean Wallace and Brendan Kwesiga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:359

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The vital registration system is universally recognized as the main source of mortality data which is essential for policy formulation, proper interventions and resource allocation to address priority health c...

    Authors: Myitzu Tin Oung, Kerry Richter, Pramote Prasartkul, Yadanar Aung, Kyaw Thu Soe, Thuzar Chit Tin and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:356

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Rapid urbanization has led to expansion of peri-urban fringes, where intensive, industry-style livestock rearing has led to emerging vulnerabilities at the human-animal-environment interface. This study was un...

    Authors: Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Mathew Sunil George, Johanna Lindahl, Delia Grace and Manish Kakkar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. It is estimated that nearly five billion people worldwide do not have access to safe surgery. This access gap disproportionately affects low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). One of the barriers to healthca...

    Authors: Carlos Varela, Sven Young, Nyengo Mkandawire, Reinou S. Groen, Leonard Banza and Asgaut Viste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:264

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Responsive caregiving, or interactions in which caregivers give appropriate responses to a child’s signals, is linked to improved psychosocial, cognitive and physical outcomes in children. However, much remain...

    Authors: Elissa Scherer, Ashley Hagaman, Esther Chung, Atif Rahman, Karen O’Donnell and Joanna Maselko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:252

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Most data on mortality and prognostic factors of universal healthcare waiting lists come from North America, Australasia, and Europe, with little information from South America. We aimed to determine the relat...

    Authors: Diego A. Martinez, Haoxiang Zhang, Magdalena Bastias, Felipe Feijoo, Jeremiah Hinson, Rodrigo Martinez, Jocelyn Dunstan, Scott Levin and Diana Prieto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Although public policy in Brazil supports access to essential medicines, the health system cannot meet all demand. Increasingly, the population has used legal demands to seek access to medicines, an approach t...

    Authors: Virginia Oliveira Chagas, Mércia Pandolfo Provin and Rita Goreti Amaral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Information on pathways of women seeking diagnostic services due to breast- related symptoms can help highlight challenges related to the healthcare system in improving early diagnosis of breast cancer.

    Authors: Kirstin Grosse Frie, Bakarou Kamaté, Cheick Bougadari Traoré, Bourama Coulibaly, Brahima Mallé and Eva Johanna Kantelhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The Philippines has a high burden of TB and HIV, yet the WHO estimates that only 13% of Filipino TB patients know their HIV status. This is partly attributable to the lack of trained HIV counselors and medical...

    Authors: Tyrone Reden L. Sy, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Emmanuel S. Baja and Riris Andono Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although over the counter (OTC) drugs are believed to be relatively safe, their inappropriate use could have serious implications. The aim of the study was to assess the practice of self-medication, prevalence...

    Authors: Sirak Tesfamariam, Indermeet Singh Anand, Ghide Kaleab, Samson Berhane, Biruck Woldai, Eyasu Habte and Mulugeta Russom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:159

    Content type: Research article

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  37. As Mozambique faces a double burden of diseases, with a rise of Non Communicable Diseases (NCD) superimposed to uncontrolled communicable diseases (CD), routine disease surveillance system does not include NCD...

    Authors: A. O. Mocumbi, D. C. Langa, S. Chicumbe, A. E. Schumacher and W. K. Al-Delaimy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:147

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This article addresses the enjoyment of the human rights to water and sanitation (HRTWS), in particular access to toilets, in a public school in Bahia, Brazil.

    Authors: Édila Dalmaso Coswosk, Priscila Neves-Silva, Celina Maria Modena and Léo Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Policy making in healthcare requires reliable and local data. Different sources of coverage data for health interventions can be utilized to populate the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), a commonly used policy-plannin...

    Authors: Ingrid K. Friberg, Mahima Venkateswaran, Buthaina Ghanem and J. Frederik Frøen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:124

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Engagement with community adolescent treatment supporters (CATS) improves adherence, psychosocial well-being, linkage and retention in care among adolescents living with HIV. However, there is an urgent need f...

    Authors: Nicola Willis, Amos Milanzi, Mather Mawodzeke, Chengetai Dziwa, Alice Armstrong, Innocent Yekeye, Phangisile Mtshali and Victoria James

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:117

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mortality indicators are essential for monitoring population health. Although Malaysia has a functional death registration system, the quality of information on causes of death still needs improvement, since a...

    Authors: Azahadi Omar, Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Yi Yi Khoo, Chandrika Jeevananthan, S. Maria Awaluddin, Jane Ling Miaw Yn and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The Shared Decision Making (SDM) model allows the patient to be part of their own disease treatment and control. The translation to Spanish of a questionnaire that measures the patient perception of SDM will a...

    Authors: Geovanny Efraín Alvarado-Villa, Jorge Daniel Moncayo-Rizzo and Jorge Andrés Gallardo-Rumbea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Medanta - The Medicity, a multi-super specialty corporate hospital in Gurugram, Haryana launched a “TB-Free Haryana” Campaign; mobile van equipped with a digital CXR machine to screen patients with presumptive...

    Authors: Bornali Datta, Ashish Kumar Prakash, David Ford, Praveen K. Tanwar, Pinky Goyal, Poulomi Chatterjee, Smita Vipin, Anand Jaiswal, Naresh Trehan and Kavita Ayyagiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:99

    Content type: Research article

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