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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

Section edited by Ariadne Kapetanaki

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide rising cesarean section (CS) births is an issue of concern. In India, with increase in institutional deliveries there has also been an increase in cesarean section births. Aim of the study is to quan...

    Authors: Priyanka Singh, Gulfam Hashmi and Prafulla Kumar Swain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:613

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There are several studies regarding the predictors or risk factors of unintended pregnancy, but only a small number of studies have been carried out concerning the socio-economic factors influencing the uninte...

    Authors: Reza Omani-Samani, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae, Saman Maroufizadeh and Amir Almasi-Hashiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:607

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate infant and young child nutrition is critical for proper growth and development. In order to promote optimal nutrition at an early age, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have developed ...

    Authors: Mildred Maingi, Judith Kimiywe and Sharon Iron-Segev

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:600

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite considerable progress in reduction of both under-five and maternal mortality in recent decades, Bangladesh is still one of the low and middle income countries with high burden of maternal and neonatal ...

    Authors: Dewan Md. Emdadul Hoque, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Sk. Masum Billah, Sanwarul Bari, Tazeen Tahsina, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Sajia Islam, Tajul Islam, Rintaro Mori and Shams El Arifeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:592

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) control programs face the challenges of decreasing incidence, mortality rates, and drug resistance while increasing treatment adherence. The Brazilian TB control program recommended the decen...

    Authors: Mara Cristina Scheffer, Rodrigo IVAN Prim, Leticia Muraro Wildner, Taiane Freitas Medeiros, Rosemeri Maurici, Emil Kupek and Maria Luiza Bazzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:554

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Understanding relationships between substance use and suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) has important public health implications for suicide prevention in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 75...

    Authors: Elsie Breet, Daniel Goldstone and Jason Bantjes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:549

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    To improve immunization coverage, most interventions that are part of the national immunization program in India address supply-side challenges. But, there is growing evidence that addressing demand-side facto...

    Authors: Santanu Pramanik, Arpita Ghosh, Rituu B. Nanda, Marlou de Rouw, Philip Forth and Sandra Albert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:534

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, India has seen the introduction of many ‘publicly funded health insurance’ schemes (PFHIs) that claim to cover approximately 300 million people and are essentially forms of purchasing care ...

    Authors: Alok Ranjan, Priyanka Dixit, Indranil Mukhopadhyay and Sundararaman Thiagarajan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:501

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Social accountability is a participatory process in which citizens are engaged to hold politicians, policy makers and public officials accountable for the services that they provide. In the Fifteenth Ordinary ...

    Authors: Georges Danhoundo, Khalidha Nasiri and Mary E. Wiktorowicz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:497

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Public health emergencies have challenged the public health emergency management systems (PHEMSs) of many countries critically and frequently since this century. As the world’s most populated country and the s...

    Authors: Mei Sun, Ningze Xu, Chengyue Li, Dan Wu, Jiatong Zou, Ying Wang, Li Luo, Mingzhu Yu, Yu Zhang, Hua Wang, Peiwu Shi, Zheng Chen, Jian Wang, Yueliang Lu, Qi Li, Xinhua Wang…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:474

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Kato-Katz technique has been the mainstay test in Schistosoma mansoni diagnosis in endemic areas. However, recent studies have documented its poor sensitivity in evaluating Schistosoma mansoni infection especiall...

    Authors: Collins Okoyo, Elses Simiyu, Sammy M. Njenga and Charles Mwandawiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:478

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest TB burdens in the world. There are multitude of challenges related to the implementation of DOTS and adherence to treatment. This study aimed to assess patient...

    Authors: Zekariyas Sahile, Abenezer Yared and Mirgissa Kaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:462

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of breast cancer has been increasing in sub-Saharan Africa over the last few years. Patients often present with late stage disease, resulting in a high mortality rate. This study aims to estimat...

    Authors: Leonie Ströbele, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Timongo Francoise Danielle Traoré Millogo, Maurice Sarigda, Jürgen Wacker and Kirstin Grosse Frie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:447

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In Kenya, poor maternal nutrition, suboptimal infant and young child feeding practices and high levels of malnutrition have been shown among the urban poor. An intervention aimed at promoting optimal maternal ...

    Authors: Sophie Goudet, Paula L. Griffiths, Caroline W. Wainaina, Teresia N. Macharia, Frederick M. Wekesah, Milka Wanjohi, Peter Muriuki and Elizabeth Kimani-Murage

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:424

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Utilization of Antenatal Care (ANC) is very low in Nigeria. Self-reported patient satisfaction may be useful to identify provider- and facility-specific factors that can be improved to increase ANC satisfactio...

    Authors: Dumbiri J. Onyeajam, Sudha Xirasagar, Mahmud M. Khan, James W. Hardin and Oluwole Odutolu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:368

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Child stunting due to chronic malnutrition is a major problem in low- and middle-income countries due, in part, to inadequate nutrition-related practices and insufficient access to services. Limited budgets fo...

    Authors: Ruth Pearson, Madhura Killedar, Janka Petravic, Jakub J. Kakietek, Nick Scott, Kelsey L. Grantham, Robyn M. Stuart, David J. Kedziora, Cliff C. Kerr, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Meera Shekar and David P. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:384

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:555

  17. Content type: Research article

    Universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all pregnant/ breastfeeding women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), known as Prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Option B+ (PMTCTB...

    Authors: David Etoori, Bernhard Kerschberger, Nelly Staderini, Mpumelelo Ndlangamandla, Bonisile Nhlabatsi, Kiran Jobanputra, Simangele Mthethwa-Hleza, Lucy Anne Parker, Sifiso Sibanda, Edwin Mabhena, Munyaradzi Pasipamire, Serge Mathurin Kabore, Barbara Rusch, Christine Jamet, Iza Ciglenecki and Roger Teck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:374

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), HIV disproportionately affects men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) compared with other men of the same age group in the general population. Access to HIV services remains low among...

    Authors: Daniel Nyato, Evodius Kuringe, Mary Drake, Caterina Casalini, Soori Nnko, Amani Shao, Albert Komba, Stefan D. Baral, Mwita Wambura and John Changalucha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:370

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Chronic hepatitis B infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are disproportionately affected. Economic evaluations are a useful decision t...

    Authors: Cameron M. Wright, Lydia Boudarène, Ninh Thi Ha, Olivia Wu and Neil Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:373

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) penetrated the Turkish cigarette market due to trade and investment liberalization in the post-1980 period and eventually secured full control. Despite tobacco control po...

    Authors: Seda Keklik and Derya Gultekin-Karakas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:282

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Many Community Health Workers (CHWs) experience the same socioeconomic and health needs as their neighbors, given that they are by definition part of their communities. Yet very few studies aim to measure and ...

    Authors: Kenneth Maes, Svea Closser, Yihenew Tesfaye, Yasmine Gilbert and Roza Abesha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:258

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a basel...

    Authors: L. M. Du Plessis, M. H. McLachlan and S. E. Drimie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:240

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The astonishing economic achievements of China in the past few decades have remarkably increased not only the quantity and quality of medical services but also the inequalities in health resources allocation a...

    Authors: Jingmei Ding, Xuejun Hu, Xianzhi Zhang, Lei Shang, Min Yu and Huoliang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:214

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and leprosy are disabling infectious diseases endemic in Nepal. LF infection can lead to lymphoedema and hydrocoele, while secondary effects of leprosy infection include impairments t...

    Authors: Joseph Pryce, Hayley E. Mableson, Ramesh Choudhary, Basu Dev Pandey, Dambar Aley, Hannah Betts, Charles D. Mackenzie, Louise A. Kelly-Hope and Hugh Cross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:201

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis causes a high disease burden in Colombia, and available treatments present systemic toxicity, low patient compliance, contraindications, and high costs. The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias, Liliana López-Carvajal, Mery Patricia Tamayo-Plata and Iván Darío Vélez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:185

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  26. Content type: Research article

    HIV workplace policies have become an important tool in addressing the HIV Pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Zambia, the National AIDS Council has been advocating for establishing of HIV/AIDS workplace polici...

    Authors: Bridget Chatora, Harrington Chibanda, Linda Kampata and Mutale Wilbroad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:180

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Community health workers (CHWs) provide maternal and child health services to communities in many low and middle-income countries, including South Africa (SA). CHWs can improve access to important health inter...

    Authors: A. Wilford, S. Phakathi, L. Haskins, N. A. Jama, N. Mntambo and C. Horwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:171

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), used to treat uncomplicated malaria cases, is one of the main strategies of malaria control and elimination. One of the main objectives of the Benin National Malari...

    Authors: B. G. Damien, B. Aguemon, D. Abdoulaye Alfa, D. Bocossa, A. Ogouyemi-Hounto, F. Remoue and J.-Y. Le Hesran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:168

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  29. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy and ch...

    Authors: Kyu Kyu Than, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, Kyaw Soe Thant, Theingi Myint, James G. Beeson, Stanley Luchters and Alison Morgan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:99

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotics have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. However, indiscriminate use and unrestricted access is contributing to the emergence of bacterial resis...

    Authors: Saviour Kwame Yevutsey, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Moses Aikins, Berko Panyin Anto, Richard B. Biritwum, Niels Frimodt-Møller and Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:896

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termi...

    Authors: Md. Nuruzzaman Khan and M. Mofizul Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:889

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Malaria is the leading cause of disease burden across the world, especially in African countries. Ethiopia has designed a five year (2011–2015) plan to cover 100% of the households in malarious areas with one ...

    Authors: Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke and Gashaw Andargie Biks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:888

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of t...

    Authors: Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni and Mehdi Javartani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:806

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The maternal mortality rate (MMR) markedly decreased in China, but there has been a significant imbalance among different geographic regions (east, central and west regions), and the mortality in the western r...

    Authors: Yan Ren, Ping Qian, Zhanqi Duan, Ziling Zhao, Jay Pan and Min Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:750

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Since its development in the early 1980s, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine has been proven to be highly protective. However, its immunogenicity may be ineffective among HIV-infected children. In Morocco, HBV va...

    Authors: Houda Haban, Soumia Benchekroun, Mina Sadeq, Abdelaziz Benjouad, Said Amzazi, Hicham Oumzil and Elmir Elharti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:752

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Despite advances in medical technology and public health practice at the global level over the past millennia, infectious diseases are still the leading causes of death in most resource limited countries. Stro...

    Authors: Chomba Brian Mandyata, Linda Kampata Olowski and Wilbroad Mutale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:746

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Anemia early in life has been associated with delayed cognitive and motor development. The WHO recommends home fortification using multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) containing iron as a strategy to address...

    Authors: Renfu Luo, Ai Yue, Huan Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Reynaldo Martorell, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle and Sean Sylvia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:738

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Package inserts (PIs) as a reliable reference for patients and health care providers should provide accurate, complete and up-to-date information. The purpose of the current study is to assess and compare the ...

    Authors: Sandra A. Qatmosh, Amer A. Koni, Baraa G. Qeeno, Dina A. Arandy, Maysa W. Abu-Hashia, Bahaa M. Al-hroub and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:741

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Allowing a broader range of trained health workers to deliver services can be an important way of improving access to safe abortion care. However, the expansion of health worker roles may be challenging to imp...

    Authors: Claire Glenton, Annik M. Sorhaindo, Bela Ganatra and Simon Lewin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:730

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) puts a heavy disease burden on patients’ families, aggravating income-related inequality. In an attempt to reduce the financial risks of rural families incurring CHE, Chin...

    Authors: Hai Gu, Yun Kou, Zhiwen Yan, Yilei Ding, Jusheng Shieh, Jun Sun, Nan Cui, Qianjing Wang and Hua You

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:727

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A multi pronged community based strategy, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented from 2005–06 to 2012–13 in India to curtail maternal and child health (MCH) disparities between poor and...

    Authors: Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana and Onno C.P. van Schayck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:698

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Zoonotic diseases such as leptospirosis occur as a result of the often complex interactions that exist at the human-animal-environment interface. The most obvious consequence of this complexity is the need for...

    Authors: Simon A. Reid, Anna Rodney, Mike Kama and Peter S. Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:671

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  43. Content type: Research article

    It is globally agreed that a well-designed health system deliver timely and convenient access to health services for all patients. Many interventions aiming to reduce waiting times have been implemented in Chi...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Qian Lin, Pengyu Zhao, Qiongyao Zhang, Kai Xu, Huiying Chen, Cecile Jia Hu, Mark Stuntz, Hong Li and Yuanli Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:668

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Mortality statistics by age, sex and cause are the foundation of basic health data required for health status assessment, epidemiological research and formation of health policy. Close to half the deaths in Ma...

    Authors: Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Khoo Yi Yi, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Chandrika Jeevananthan and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:653

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:687

  45. Content type: Research article

    Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and...

    Authors: Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma and Manish Kakkar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:645

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Transportation by motorcycle and bicycle has become popular in Taiwan, this study was designed to investigate the protective effect of helmet use during motorcycle and bicycle accidents by using a propensity s...

    Authors: Spencer C. H. Kuo, Pao-Jen Kuo, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Yi-Chun Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh and Ching-Hua Hsieh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:639

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