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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

Section edited by Ariadne Kapetanaki.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

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  1. Pesticide self-poisoning is a common means of suicide in India. Banning highly hazardous pesticides from agricultural use has been successful in reducing total suicide numbers in several South Asian countries ...

    Authors: Toby Bonvoisin, Leah Utyasheva, Duleeka Knipe, David Gunnell and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Monitoring of the expanded program on immunization’s performance is not only limited to routine periodic reports but equally includes surveys. Based on unpublished national EPI surveillance data from the past ...

    Authors: Jérôme Ateudjieu, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, André Pascal Goura, Ayok Maureen Tembei, Douanla Koutio Ingrid, Beyala Bita’a Landry, Bruno Kenfack, Lapia Amada, Isaac Tadzong and Anne Cecile Bissek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Kerala is facing challenges in the secondary prevention efforts of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In spite of being the top performer in health parameters among Indian states, the burden of NCDs, especially...

    Authors: Vijayakumar Krishnapillai, Sanjeev Nair, Anand T. N, Sreelal T. P and Biju Soman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  4. We examined the magnitude and correlates of Ebola virus disease (EVD)-related stigma among EVD survivors in Sierra Leone since their return to their communities. In addition, we determined whether EVD-related ...

    Authors: Peter Bai James, Jonathan Wardle, Amie Steel and Jon Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women with more than 85% of the burden in developing countries. In Uganda, cervical cancer has shown an increase of 1.8% per annum over the last 20...

    Authors: Juliet Nabirye, Livex Andrew Okwi, Rebecca Nuwematsiko, George Kiwanuka, Fiston Muneza, Carol Kamya and Juliet N. Babirye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The problem of AIDS response has not only involved public health, but also had a great impact on the family burden.The objective of this study was to estimate the preventive and curative care expenditure(PCE)f...

    Authors: Huan Zhan, Qiong Wu, Shuang Zang, Liangrong Zhou and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Routine immunization programs face many challenges in settings such as Papua New Guinea with dispersed rural populations, rugged geography and limited resources for transport and health. Low routine coverage c...

    Authors: Christopher J. Morgan, Olga P. M. Saweri, Nicholas Larme, Elizabeth Peach, Pele Melepia, Lucy Au, Michelle J. L. Scoullar, Mohammad Salim Reza, Lisa M. Vallely, Barbara I. McPake and James G. Beeson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a top global health agenda especially in high HIV/AIDS endemic locations where there is increased likelihood of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Soc...

    Authors: Lawrence P. O. Were, Edwin Were, Richard Wamai, Joseph Hogan and Omar Galarraga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) have critical needs for effective HIV prevention tools. This study identified perspectives of MSM, FSW and policy makers on the needs for, barriers to,...

    Authors: G. Emmanuel, M. Folayan, G. Undelikwe, B. Ochonye, T. Jayeoba, A. Yusuf, B. Aiwonodagbon, C. Bilali, P. Umoh, K. Ojemeiri and A. Kalaiwo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  10. As HIV cure research advances, there is an increasing need for community engagement in health research, especially in low- and middle-income countries with ongoing clinical trials. Crowdsourcing contests provi...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Suzanne Day, Nancy S. Yang, Huanyu Bao, Linghua Li, Allison Mathews and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, and associated morbidity and mortality, is increasing rapidly in low and middle-income countries where health systems often have limited access and lower quality of...

    Authors: Ashley Sharp, Nick Riches, Annastesia Mims, Sweetness Ntshalintshali, David McConalogue, Paul Southworth, Callum Pierce, Philip Daniels, Muhindo Kalungero, Futhi Ndzinisa, Ekta Elston, Valephi Okello and John Walley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Philippines is facing a rapidly rising HIV epidemic among young men who have sex with men (MSM). Testing rates among young populations is poor. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a promising strategy to address t...

    Authors: Jesal Gohil, Emmanuel S. Baja, Tyrone Reden Sy, Ernest Genesis Guevara, Charlotte Hemingway, Paul Mark B. Medina, Leila Coppens, Godofreda V. Dalmacion and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Increasing medicines availability and affordability is a key goal of Brazilian health policies. “Farmácia Popular” (FP) Program is one of the government’s key strategies to achieve this goal. Under FP, antihypert...

    Authors: Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan and Vera Lucia Luiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  14. By 2013, several regions in China had introduced health insurance integration policies. However, few studies addressed the impact of medical insurance integration in China. This study investigates the catastro...

    Authors: Huan Liu, Hong Zhu, Jiahui Wang, Xinye Qi, Miaomiao Zhao, Linghan Shan, Lijun Gao, Zheng Kang, Mingli Jiao, Lin Pan, Ruohui Chen, Baohua Liu, Qunhong Wu and Ning Ning

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1761

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Front-of-package labelling is a cost-effective strategy to help consumers make healthier choices and informed food purchases. The effect of labels is mediated by consumer understanding and acceptability of the...

    Authors: Jorge Vargas-Meza, Alejandra Jáuregui, Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Claudia Nieto and Simón Barquera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1751

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adolescent girls and young women living with HIV in resource-limited settings have the poorest health outcomes of any age group, due in part to poor retention in care. Differentiated models of HIV care that ta...

    Authors: Grace Seo, Joseph Marie Bajo Joseph, Nancy Confident, Esther Jean, Bianca Louis, Tatiana Bell, Rose Cardelle Riche, Marie Elmase Belizaire, Vanessa Rouzier, Alexandra Apollon, Lindsey Reif, Vanessa Rivera, Elaine Abrams, Heejung Bang, Bruce Schackman, Daniel Fitzgerald…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1749

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Public health strategies to increase physical activity in low-income communities may reduce cardiovascular risk in these populations. This controlled trial compared the cardiovascular risk estimated by the Fra...

    Authors: Amana M. Lima, André O. Werneck, Edilson Cyrino and Paulo Farinatti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1738

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Rapid ageing of the population and increasing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among the elderly is one of the major public health challenges in India. To achieve the Universal Health Coverage, ever-growing el...

    Authors: Montu Bose and Somdutta Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1735

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Globally 214 million women of reproductive age in developing regions have unmet needs in modern contraceptives. Intrauterine contraception (IUC) is highly effective, has few medical contraindications, low disc...

    Authors: Moazzam Ali, Rachel Folz and Madeline Farron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1707

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Building trust and engaging the community are important for biomedical trials. This was core to the set up and delivery of the EBOVAC-Salone and PREVAC Ebola vaccine trials in Sierra Leone during and following...

    Authors: Sara Dada, Gillian McKay, Ana Mateus and Shelley Lees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1665

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) field in Europe has been a focus of research developments and public health policy changes for years. However, these processes are still in their infancy phase ...

    Authors: Desislava Vankova and Iskra Kapincheva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1648

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To assess the quality and completeness of treatment and outcome data in the electronic tuberculosis (TB) and antiretroviral treatment (ART) registers in drug-resistant (DR-) TB patients at three treatment faci...

    Authors: Lise Jamieson, Denise Evans, Rebecca Berhanu, Nazir Ismail, Samantha Aucock, Kristina Wallengren and Lawrence Long

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1638

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the coverage of HIV health education among rural residents in western China by ascertaining their awareness of HIV/AIDS and its transmission routes, and to investigate...

    Authors: Tianqi Zhang, Yang Miao, Lingui Li and Ying Bian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1630

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite WHO advocating for an integrated approach to antenatal care (ANC), testing coverage for conditions other than HIV remains low and women are referred to distant laboratories for testing. Using point-of-...

    Authors: N. Young, M. Taetgmeyer, G. Zulaika, G. Aol, M. Desai, F. Ter Kuile and I. Langley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1629

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cure rates for children with cancer in India lag behind that of high-income countries. Various disease, treatment and socio-economic related factors contribute to this gap including barriers in timely access o...

    Authors: Neha Faruqui, Rohina Joshi, Alexandra Martiniuk, Jennifer Lowe, Ramandeep Arora, Huma Anis, Manas Kalra, Sameer Bakhshi, Ananya Mishra, Ayyagari Santa, Sudha Sinha, Sirisharani Siddaiahgari, Rachna Seth and Sarah Bernays

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1613

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) remains a major cause of child mortality. To improve the management and survival of children the World Health Organization (WHO) endorsed the protocol for the management of SAM....

    Authors: Tesfalem T. Tessema, Andamlak G. Alamdo, Tewodrose G. Yirtaw, Fana A. Deble, Eyoel B. Mekonen, Teklu G. Abessa and Tefera B. Lema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1610

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Hearing loss is a prevalent sensorineural disorder and a major public health issue in China. It is suggested that half of all cases of hearing loss can be prevented through public health measures. However, nat...

    Authors: Chang Liu, Anshi Wang, Yanlin Huang, Yan Zhang, Hongke Ding, Jing Wu, Li Du, Jie Yang, Fei Mai, Yukun Zeng, Ling Liu, Xin Zhao, Changbin Zhang and Aihua Yin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1601

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Bangladesh has one of the highest drowning mortality rates in the world. The use of unregulated water transportation may contribute to this burden, with 38% of all passenger traffic occurring by water. The pre...

    Authors: Jagnoor Jagnoor, Caroline Lukaszyk, Kamran ul Baset, Rebecca Ivers, Shamima Easmin and Aminur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1567

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Health systems in sub-Saharan Africa face multifaceted capacity challenges to fulfil their mandates of service provision and governance of their resources. Four academic institutions in Africa implemented a Wo...

    Authors: Woldekidan Kifle Amde, Bruno Marchal, David Sanders and Uta Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1557

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence on effectiveness of primary care in...

    Authors: Jorge César Correia, Sarah Lachat, Grégoire Lagger, François Chappuis, Alain Golay and David Beran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1542

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Maternal morbidity and mortality continued to be major issues in many countries. Globally a total of 10.7 million women have died between 1990 and 2015 due to maternal causes where sub-Saharan Africa alone acc...

    Authors: Gizachew Sime Ayele, Abulie Takele Melku and Semere Sileshi Belda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1501

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A Brazilian guideline on cervical cancer screening was released in 2011. The objective was to verify changes in screening indicators around this period.

    Authors: Diama Bhadra Vale, Talita Lourenço Menin, Joana Froes Bragança, Julio Cesar Teixeira, Lucas Almeida Cavalcante and Luiz Carlos Zeferino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1492

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Monitoring inequalities in chronic disease prevalence and their preventive care can help build effective strategies to improve health equality. Using hypertension and diabetes as a model, this study measures a...

    Authors: Sha Lai, Chi Shen, Xiaowei Yang, Xiaolong Zhang, Yongjian Xu, Qian Li, Jianmin Gao and Zhongliang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1460

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Maintaining quality of vaccines is one of the main challenges of immunization programs in Ethiopia. The objective of this study is to assess the factor affecting vaccine cold chain management practice in immuniza...

    Authors: Hewan Adam Bogale, Abebe Feyissa Amhare and Alemtsehay Adam Bogale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1433

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cost is an important determinant of health program implementation. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the implementation strategy of Mozambique’s school-based HPV vaccine demonstration p...

    Authors: Caroline Soi, Joseph B. Babigumira, Baltazar Chilundo, Vasco Muchanga, Luisa Matsinhe, Sarah Gimbel, Orvalho Augusto and Kenneth Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1406

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Head injuries account for 650,000 annual deaths worldwide. The cost for treating head injury was estimated at US $200 million annually. This contributes to economic impoverishment in low income countries like ...

    Authors: Yilak Asmamaw, Mezgebu Yitayal, Ayal Debie and Simegnew Handebo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1399

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Private health facilities are increasingly being recognized as the neglected partner in the provision of HIV services. The non-adherence rate in the study sites ranged from 19 to 22%. This study explored the f...

    Authors: Lusungu Chirambo, Martha Valeta, Tifiness Mary Banda Kamanga and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1382

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Since economic inequality is often accompanied by health inequalities, health care inequalities are increasingly becoming a hot issue on a global scale. As a developing country, China is still facing the same ...

    Authors: Wei Xian, Xueying Xu, Junling Li, Jinbin Sun, Hezi Fu, Shaoning Wu and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1373

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Prevalence of depression in Indonesia is estimated at about 3.7% of the total population, although the actual may be higher. Studies worldwide have linked the environment where people live to their mental heal...

    Authors: Mohamad Fahmi, Nur Afni Panjaitan, Ibnu Habibie, Adiatma Y. M. Siregar, Gilang Amarullah, Rahma and Deni K. Sunjaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1371

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To increase access to voluntary family planning (FP) services, Nigerian policymakers are debating how to task share injectable contraceptive services to drug shop owners known as Patent and Proprietary Medicin...

    Authors: Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Tosin Okunade, Chiamaka Uzomba, Adedamola Adebayo and Elizabeth Tobey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1362

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Evaluation of a surveillance system should be conducted on regular bases to ensure that the system is working as envisioned or not. Therefore, we evaluated Dangila district’s public health surveillance system ...

    Authors: Tefera Alemu, Hordofa Gutema, Seid Legesse, Tadesse Nigussie, Yirga Yenew and Kindie Gashe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1343

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Uptake of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) among People Living with HIV in Zambia has continued to be low despite various evidence for its added benefit in reducing TB incidence and mortality when taken with...

    Authors: Mary Kagujje, Muhau L. Mubiana, Eugenia Mwamba and Monde Muyoyeta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1329

    Content type: Debate

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