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Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries

Section edited by Ariadne Kapetanaki.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on communities in low and middle-income countries.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Despite tremendous progress in controlling the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV-related mortality continues to increase among adolescents and young people living with HIV (AYPLHIV). Globally, sub-Sahara...

    Authors: Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Mathebe Kopo, Nadine Bachmann, Jennifer Anne Brown, Tracy Renée Glass, Josephine Muhairwe, Tebatso Matsela, Ramona Scherrer, Lebohang Chere, Tilo Namane, Niklaus Daniel Labhardt and Alain Amstutz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:425

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. More than 90% of the Chinese population was covered by its three basic social health insurances. However, the Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (RUMWs), accounting for about one-fifth of China’s total pop...

    Authors: Shanquan Chen, Yingyao Chen, Zhanchun Feng, Xi Chen, Zheng Wang, Jianfeng Zhu, Jun Jin, Qiang Yao, Li Xiang, Lan Yao, Ju Sun, Lu Zhao, Hong Fung, Eliza Lai-yi Wong and Dong Dong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) are on the rise in low and middle-income countries attributed to modern sedentary lifestyle and dietary habits. This has led to the need of assessment of the bur...

    Authors: Tariq Ashraf, Muhammad Naeem Mengal, Atif Sher Muhammad, Asal Khan Tareen, Muhammad Nauman Khan, Khawar Abbas Kazmi, Asif Nadeem, Shakil Sarwar, Zara Bashir, Nadeem Qamar and Musa Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:403

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Major transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have identified Nigeria, the seventh most populous country in the world, as a market with a significant revenue potential, given its high youth population and growi...

    Authors: Ukoabasi Isip and John Calvert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Adults with chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, or lung disease are more likely to develop complications from a number of vaccine-preventable diseases, including influenza and pneumonia. In thi...

    Authors: Yuheng Wang, Minna Cheng, Siyuan Wang, Fei Wu, Qinghua Yan, Qinping Yang, Yanyun Li, Xiang Guo, Chen Fu, Yan Shi, Abram L. Wagner and Matthew L. Boulton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Immediate uptake of antiretroviral therapy (ART) after an HIV-positive diagnosis (Test and Treat) is now being implemented in Uganda. Data are limited on lost to follow-up (LTFU) in high-risk cohorts that have...

    Authors: Onesmus Kamacooko, Yunia Mayanja, Daniel Bagiire, Gertrude Namale, Christian Holm Hansen and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  7. China has rapidly transformed into an ageing nation and will be one of the countries with the highest percentage of aged people in 2050. Healthcare management for the aged (HMA) in basic public health service ...

    Authors: Li Li, Rui Zhang, Yong Chen, Haoyue Deng, Shili Liu, Geng Wang, Mei Wang, Shengxiang Liang, Wei Xing, Hai Lin and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:338

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Malawi adopted the 2012 updated Word Health Organization (WHO) Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) policy in 2013. This study aimed to estima...

    Authors: Steven Chifundo Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The WHO’s “best buys” and other recommended interventions are a menu of policy options and cost-effective interventions for the prevention and control of major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The menu has six...

    Authors: Ahad Bakhtiari, Amirhossein Takian, Reza Majdzadeh and Ali Akbar Haghdoost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The scale-up of HIV treatment programs has resulted in a reduction in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, retention of patients in these programs remains a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Understand...

    Authors: Paul Wekesa, Angela McLigeyo, Kevin Owuor, Jonathan Mwangi, Evelyne Nganga and Kenneth Masamaro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Seasonal migrant and permanent laborers who are working in big mechanized agricultural farms in Metema – Humera lowlands are not included in Ethiopia Malaria Elimination Program. The aim of this research was t...

    Authors: Wossenseged Lemma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:320

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Despite policies and guidelines recommending integration of health services in South Africa, provision of maternal and child health services remains fragmented. This study evaluated a rapid, scaleable, quality...

    Authors: Lyn Haskins, Jessica Chiliza, Pierre Barker, Catherine Connolly, Sifiso Phakathi, Alison Feeley and Christiane Horwood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Organisational culture (OC) has increasingly become a crucial factor in defining healthcare practice and management. However, there has been little research validating and adapting OCAI (organisational culture...

    Authors: Nguyen Van Huy, Nguyen Thi Hoai Thu, Nguyen Le Tuan Anh, Nguyen Thanh Hai Au, Nguyen The Phuong, Nguyen Thi Cham and Pham Duc Minh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Epidemiological models have been employed with great success to explore the efficacy of alternative strategies at combating disease outbreaks. These models have often incorporated an understanding of age-based...

    Authors: Kellen Myers, Agnesa Redere and Nina H. Fefferman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Many studies focused on health inequality between migrant older adults and local older adults, while few study concerned the health inequalities between urban-to-urban and rural-to-urban migrant older adults. ...

    Authors: Sha Ma, Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Weiming Cao, Minmin Jiang and Lu Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pesticide self-poisoning is a common means of suicide in India. Banning highly hazardous pesticides from agricultural use has been successful in reducing total suicide numbers in several South Asian countries ...

    Authors: Toby Bonvoisin, Leah Utyasheva, Duleeka Knipe, David Gunnell and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Monitoring of the expanded program on immunization’s performance is not only limited to routine periodic reports but equally includes surveys. Based on unpublished national EPI surveillance data from the past ...

    Authors: Jérôme Ateudjieu, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, André Pascal Goura, Ayok Maureen Tembei, Douanla Koutio Ingrid, Beyala Bita’a Landry, Bruno Kenfack, Lapia Amada, Isaac Tadzong and Anne Cecile Bissek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Kerala is facing challenges in the secondary prevention efforts of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In spite of being the top performer in health parameters among Indian states, the burden of NCDs, especially...

    Authors: Vijayakumar Krishnapillai, Sanjeev Nair, Anand T. N, Sreelal T. P and Biju Soman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We examined the magnitude and correlates of Ebola virus disease (EVD)-related stigma among EVD survivors in Sierra Leone since their return to their communities. In addition, we determined whether EVD-related ...

    Authors: Peter Bai James, Jonathan Wardle, Amie Steel and Jon Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women with more than 85% of the burden in developing countries. In Uganda, cervical cancer has shown an increase of 1.8% per annum over the last 20...

    Authors: Juliet Nabirye, Livex Andrew Okwi, Rebecca Nuwematsiko, George Kiwanuka, Fiston Muneza, Carol Kamya and Juliet N. Babirye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The problem of AIDS response has not only involved public health, but also had a great impact on the family burden.The objective of this study was to estimate the preventive and curative care expenditure(PCE)f...

    Authors: Huan Zhan, Qiong Wu, Shuang Zang, Liangrong Zhou and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Routine immunization programs face many challenges in settings such as Papua New Guinea with dispersed rural populations, rugged geography and limited resources for transport and health. Low routine coverage c...

    Authors: Christopher J. Morgan, Olga P. M. Saweri, Nicholas Larme, Elizabeth Peach, Pele Melepia, Lucy Au, Michelle J. L. Scoullar, Mohammad Salim Reza, Lisa M. Vallely, Barbara I. McPake and James G. Beeson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:100

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a top global health agenda especially in high HIV/AIDS endemic locations where there is increased likelihood of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Soc...

    Authors: Lawrence P. O. Were, Edwin Were, Richard Wamai, Joseph Hogan and Omar Galarraga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) have critical needs for effective HIV prevention tools. This study identified perspectives of MSM, FSW and policy makers on the needs for, barriers to,...

    Authors: G. Emmanuel, M. Folayan, G. Undelikwe, B. Ochonye, T. Jayeoba, A. Yusuf, B. Aiwonodagbon, C. Bilali, P. Umoh, K. Ojemeiri and A. Kalaiwo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  25. As HIV cure research advances, there is an increasing need for community engagement in health research, especially in low- and middle-income countries with ongoing clinical trials. Crowdsourcing contests provi...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Suzanne Day, Nancy S. Yang, Huanyu Bao, Linghua Li, Allison Mathews and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, and associated morbidity and mortality, is increasing rapidly in low and middle-income countries where health systems often have limited access and lower quality of...

    Authors: Ashley Sharp, Nick Riches, Annastesia Mims, Sweetness Ntshalintshali, David McConalogue, Paul Southworth, Callum Pierce, Philip Daniels, Muhindo Kalungero, Futhi Ndzinisa, Ekta Elston, Valephi Okello and John Walley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Philippines is facing a rapidly rising HIV epidemic among young men who have sex with men (MSM). Testing rates among young populations is poor. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a promising strategy to address t...

    Authors: Jesal Gohil, Emmanuel S. Baja, Tyrone Reden Sy, Ernest Genesis Guevara, Charlotte Hemingway, Paul Mark B. Medina, Leila Coppens, Godofreda V. Dalmacion and Miriam Taegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Increasing medicines availability and affordability is a key goal of Brazilian health policies. “Farmácia Popular” (FP) Program is one of the government’s key strategies to achieve this goal. Under FP, antihypert...

    Authors: Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan and Vera Lucia Luiza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  29. By 2013, several regions in China had introduced health insurance integration policies. However, few studies addressed the impact of medical insurance integration in China. This study investigates the catastro...

    Authors: Huan Liu, Hong Zhu, Jiahui Wang, Xinye Qi, Miaomiao Zhao, Linghan Shan, Lijun Gao, Zheng Kang, Mingli Jiao, Lin Pan, Ruohui Chen, Baohua Liu, Qunhong Wu and Ning Ning

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1761

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Front-of-package labelling is a cost-effective strategy to help consumers make healthier choices and informed food purchases. The effect of labels is mediated by consumer understanding and acceptability of the...

    Authors: Jorge Vargas-Meza, Alejandra Jáuregui, Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Claudia Nieto and Simón Barquera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1751

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adolescent girls and young women living with HIV in resource-limited settings have the poorest health outcomes of any age group, due in part to poor retention in care. Differentiated models of HIV care that ta...

    Authors: Grace Seo, Joseph Marie Bajo Joseph, Nancy Confident, Esther Jean, Bianca Louis, Tatiana Bell, Rose Cardelle Riche, Marie Elmase Belizaire, Vanessa Rouzier, Alexandra Apollon, Lindsey Reif, Vanessa Rivera, Elaine Abrams, Heejung Bang, Bruce Schackman, Daniel Fitzgerald…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1749

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Public health strategies to increase physical activity in low-income communities may reduce cardiovascular risk in these populations. This controlled trial compared the cardiovascular risk estimated by the Fra...

    Authors: Amana M. Lima, André O. Werneck, Edilson Cyrino and Paulo Farinatti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1738

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rapid ageing of the population and increasing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among the elderly is one of the major public health challenges in India. To achieve the Universal Health Coverage, ever-growing el...

    Authors: Montu Bose and Somdutta Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1735

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globally 214 million women of reproductive age in developing regions have unmet needs in modern contraceptives. Intrauterine contraception (IUC) is highly effective, has few medical contraindications, low disc...

    Authors: Moazzam Ali, Rachel Folz and Madeline Farron

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1707

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Building trust and engaging the community are important for biomedical trials. This was core to the set up and delivery of the EBOVAC-Salone and PREVAC Ebola vaccine trials in Sierra Leone during and following...

    Authors: Sara Dada, Gillian McKay, Ana Mateus and Shelley Lees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1665

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) field in Europe has been a focus of research developments and public health policy changes for years. However, these processes are still in their infancy phase ...

    Authors: Desislava Vankova and Iskra Kapincheva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1648

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To assess the quality and completeness of treatment and outcome data in the electronic tuberculosis (TB) and antiretroviral treatment (ART) registers in drug-resistant (DR-) TB patients at three treatment faci...

    Authors: Lise Jamieson, Denise Evans, Rebecca Berhanu, Nazir Ismail, Samantha Aucock, Kristina Wallengren and Lawrence Long

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1638

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the coverage of HIV health education among rural residents in western China by ascertaining their awareness of HIV/AIDS and its transmission routes, and to investigate...

    Authors: Tianqi Zhang, Yang Miao, Lingui Li and Ying Bian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1630

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite WHO advocating for an integrated approach to antenatal care (ANC), testing coverage for conditions other than HIV remains low and women are referred to distant laboratories for testing. Using point-of-...

    Authors: N. Young, M. Taetgmeyer, G. Zulaika, G. Aol, M. Desai, F. Ter Kuile and I. Langley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1629

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Cure rates for children with cancer in India lag behind that of high-income countries. Various disease, treatment and socio-economic related factors contribute to this gap including barriers in timely access o...

    Authors: Neha Faruqui, Rohina Joshi, Alexandra Martiniuk, Jennifer Lowe, Ramandeep Arora, Huma Anis, Manas Kalra, Sameer Bakhshi, Ananya Mishra, Ayyagari Santa, Sudha Sinha, Sirisharani Siddaiahgari, Rachna Seth and Sarah Bernays

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1613

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) remains a major cause of child mortality. To improve the management and survival of children the World Health Organization (WHO) endorsed the protocol for the management of SAM....

    Authors: Tesfalem T. Tessema, Andamlak G. Alamdo, Tewodrose G. Yirtaw, Fana A. Deble, Eyoel B. Mekonen, Teklu G. Abessa and Tefera B. Lema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1610

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Hearing loss is a prevalent sensorineural disorder and a major public health issue in China. It is suggested that half of all cases of hearing loss can be prevented through public health measures. However, nat...

    Authors: Chang Liu, Anshi Wang, Yanlin Huang, Yan Zhang, Hongke Ding, Jing Wu, Li Du, Jie Yang, Fei Mai, Yukun Zeng, Ling Liu, Xin Zhao, Changbin Zhang and Aihua Yin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1601

    Content type: Research article

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