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Health behavior, health promotion and society

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. In commitment to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), four new pictorial warnings are now being proposed for display on cigarette packages sold in Jordan. The aim of this study was to gauge the ...

    Authors: Feras I Hawari, Rasha K Bader, Hamza M Beano, Nour A Obeidat, Hiba S Ayub, Malek A Habashneh, Aisha S Shtaiwi, Rawan A Shihab, Hala N Madanat and Thomas E Novotny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:414

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Levels of physical activity (PA) in the general population are difficult to characterize. Historically measurement has been based on self-report, which can be subject to bias. PA monitor use has created opport...

    Authors: Amy Luke, Lara R Dugas, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Guichan Cao and Richard S Cooper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:387

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Death rates are notably higher in eastern Finland than in western Finland, and life expectancy of Finnish speakers shorter than that of Swedish speakers. The mortality differences correspond to recent genetic ...

    Authors: Jan Saarela and Fjalar Finnäs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:385

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Previous research has linked alcohol use with an increased number of sexual partners, inconsistent condom use and a raised incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, alcohol measures have be...

    Authors: Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Masila Syengo, Daniel Lango, Nzioki King'ola, Marleen Temmerman and Matthew F Chersich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:384

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Suicide is a global public health problem. Recently in the U.S., much attention has been given to preventing suicide and other premature mortality in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. A strong pred...

    Authors: Janet Weiner, Therese S Richmond, Joseph Conigliaro and Douglas J Wiebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:374

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Overweight and obesity are recognised nationally and internationally as key public health challenges. Food and drink advertising is one of the array of factors that influence both diet and physical activity ch...

    Authors: Jean Adams, Emma Simpson and Martin White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:368

    Content type: Correspondence

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  7. This qualitative study examines parent and child experiences of participation in a multi-component community-based program aimed at reducing offending behaviour, and increasing social competence in boys 6 to 1...

    Authors: Ellen L Lipman, Meghan Kenny, Erin Brennan, Susanne O'Grady and Leena Augimeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:364

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Female sex workers (FSWs) are a population sub-group most affected by the HIV epidemic in India and elsewhere. Despite research and programmatic attention to FSWs, little is known regarding sex workers' reprod...

    Authors: Suvakanta N Swain, Niranjan Saggurti, Madhusudana Battala, Ravi K Verma and Anrudh K Jain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:357

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Young men tend to have a low intake of vegetables and fruit. Unfortunately, this group is difficult to reach with health information. Furthermore, knowledge about weight perceptions and the relationship to foo...

    Authors: Solveig Uglem, Tonje H Stea, Wenche Frølich and Margareta Wandel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:343

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Women in developing countries are either under collective decision making with their partners or completely rely on the male partner's decision on issues that affect their reproductive live. Identifying the ma...

    Authors: Binyam Bogale, Mekitie Wondafrash, Tizta Tilahun and Eshetu Girma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:342

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Domestic Violence Prevention Act came into effect in Japan in 2001, but covers only marriage partner violence and post-divorce partner violence, and does not recognize intimate partner violence (IPV). The ...

    Authors: Mayumi Ohnishi, Rieko Nakao, Satomi Shibayama, Yumi Matsuyama, Kazuyo Oishi and Harumi Miyahara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:339

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This paper evaluates the effect of the World Starts With Me (WSWM), a comprehensive sex education programme in secondary schools in Uganda. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of WSWM on soc...

    Authors: Liesbeth E Rijsdijk, Arjan ER Bos, Robert AC Ruiter, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Billie de Haas and Herman P Schaalma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:334

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cultural pressures to be thin and tall are postulated to cause people to misreport their body weight and height towards more socially normative (i.e., desirable) values, but a paucity of direct evidence suppor...

    Authors: Jonathan R Brestoff, Ivan J Perry and Jan Van den Broeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:331

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Evidence suggests possible synergetic effects of multiple lifestyle behaviors on health risks like obesity and other health outcomes. A better insight in the clustering of those behaviors, could help to identi...

    Authors: Charlene Ottevaere, Inge Huybrechts, Jasmin Benser, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Magdalena Cuenca-Garcia, Jean Dallongeville, Maria Zaccaria, Frederic Gottrand, Mathilde Kersting, Juan P Rey-López, Yannis Manios, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Emmanouel Smpokos, Kurt Widhalm and Stefaan De Henauw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:328

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Overweight develops gradually as a result of a long term surplus on the balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Aim of this study was to quantify the positive energy balance responsible for exces...

    Authors: Saskia W van den Berg, Jolanda MA Boer, Salome Scholtens, Johan C de Jongste, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit and Alet H Wijga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:326

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Early detection and intervention in schizophrenia are important in improving quality of life after treatment and are major issues in psychiatric care. Therefore, it is necessary to increase knowledge of schizo...

    Authors: Hatsumi Yoshii, Yuichiro Watanabe, Hideaki Kitamura, Jun Chen and Kouhei Akazawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:323

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Maputo, the Mozambique capital, contrasts with the rest of the country with regard to its sociodemographic characteristics and patterns of tobacco exposure. We conducted a migrant study to compare the prevalen...

    Authors: Nuno Lunet, Carla Araújo, Carla Silva-Matos, Albertino Damasceno, Lídia Gouveia and Ana Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:322

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although social environments may influence alcohol-related behaviours in youth, the relationship between neighbourhood socioeconomic context and effectiveness of school-based prevention against underage drinki...

    Authors: Maria Paola Caria, Fabrizio Faggiano, Rino Bellocco and Maria Rosaria Galanti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:312

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Obesity has increased since the early 1980s, and despite numerous attempts, effective strategies to counter this worldwide epidemic are lacking. Food preferences are established early in life and are difficult...

    Authors: Helle Hare-Bruun, Birgit M Nielsen, Peter L Kristensen, Niels C Møller, Per Togo and Berit L Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:311

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Over the past 50 years, the average sleep duration for adults in the United States has decreased while the prevalence of obesity and associated outcomes has increased. The objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Anne G Wheaton, Geraldine S Perry, Daniel P Chapman, Lela R McKnight-Eily, Letitia R Presley-Cantrell and Janet B Croft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:295

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Relatively little empirical attention has focused on the association between social participation and depressive symptoms amongst older adults in Asian nations, where persons over the age of 65 represent a rap...

    Authors: Chi Chiao, Li-Jen Weng and Amanda L Botticello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:292

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Iran has one of the highest rates of road traffic crash death rates throughout the world and road traffic injuries are the leading cause of years of life lost in the country. Using child car safety seats is no...

    Authors: Lida Jarahi, Mojgan Karbakhsh and Arash Rashidian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:281

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, b...

    Authors: Audhild Løhre, Stian Lydersen, Bård Paulsen, Magne Mæhle and Lars J Vatten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:278

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The increasing popularity and use of the internet makes it an attractive option for providing health information and treatment, including alcohol/other drug use. There is limited research examining how people ...

    Authors: Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Angela White, Amanda L Baker, David J Kavanagh, Britt Klein, Judith Proudfoot, Judy Drennan, Jason Connor and Ross M Young

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:277

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cardio-metabolic risk factors are becoming more prevalent in children and adolescents. A lack of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) is an established determinant of cardio-metabolic risk f...

    Authors: Valerie Carson and Ian Janssen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:274

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Cigarette smoking has been shown to be one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about cumulative effects of daily tar and nicotine intake on the risk of inci...

    Authors: Qiu-Li Zhang, Jens Baumert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, H-Erich Wichmann, Christa Meisinger and Angela Döring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:273

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Kenya, like many developing nations, continues to experience high childhood mortality in spite of the many efforts put in place by governments and international bodies to curb it. This study sought to investig...

    Authors: Antony S Opwora, Ahmed MR Laving, Lambert O Nyabola and Joyce M Olenja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:272

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Adult socioeconomic position (SEP) is one of the most frequently hypothesised indirect pathways between childhood SEP and adult health. However, few studies that explore the indirect associations between child...

    Authors: Sarah K Mckenzie, Kristie N Carter, Tony Blakely and Vivienne Ivory

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:269

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality may be reduced by organized screening. Participant compliance with the attendance recommendations of the screening program is necessary to achieve this. Knowledge about ...

    Authors: Bo T Hansen, Silje S Hukkelberg, Tor Haldorsen, Tormod Eriksen, Gry B Skare and Mari Nygård

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:264

    Content type: Research article

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  30. It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people...

    Authors: David Lawrence, Francis Mitrou and Stephen R Zubrick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:256

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. In Pakistan, only 59-73% of children 12-23 months of age are fully immunized. This randomized, controlled trial was conducted to assess the impact of a low-literacy immunization promotion educational intervent...

    Authors: Aatekah Owais, Beenish Hanif, Amna R Siddiqui, Ajmal Agha and Anita KM Zaidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:239

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In 2006, Australia introduced graphic cigarette packet warnings. The new warnings include one of 14 pictures, many depicting tobacco-related pathology. The warnings were introduced in two sets; Set A in March ...

    Authors: Caroline L Miller, Pascale G Quester, David J Hill and Janet E Hiller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:238

    Content type: Research article

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  33. recent data indicate a slight decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Switzerland, but little is known regarding the intention and difficulty to quit smoking among current smokers. Hence, we aimed to quantify...

    Authors: Pedro Marques-Vidal, João Melich-Cerveira, Fred Paccaud, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider and Jacques Cornuz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:227

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Social capital has been recognized as a major social determinant of health, but less attention has been given to social capital of persons with musculoskeletal impairments. The present study aimed to explore t...

    Authors: Kyo Takahashi, Nguyen Thi Minh Thuy, Krishna C Poudel, Kayako Sakisaka, Masamine Jimba and Junko Yasuoka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:206

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Recent studies have suggested that walking interventions may be effective (at least in the short term) at increasing physical activity amongst those people who are the most inactive. This is a leading objectiv...

    Authors: Rebecca Shaw, Elisabeth Fenwick, Graham Baker, Chloe McAdam, Claire Fitzsimons and Nanette Mutrie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:200

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Childhood overweight is not restricted to developed countries: a number of lower- and middle-income countries are struggling with the double burden of underweight and overweight. Another public health problem ...

    Authors: Lise Dubois, Damion Francis, Daniel Burnier, Fabiola Tatone-Tokuda, Manon Girard, Georgiana Gordon-Strachan, Kristin Fox and Rainford Wilks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:199

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In conjunction with the growing prevalence of obesity and the older age of pregnant women gestational diabetes (GDM) is a major health problem.

    Authors: Eeva AL Korpi-Hyövälti, David E Laaksonen, Ursula S Schwab, Tarja H Vanhapiha, Kristiina R Vihla, Seppo T Heinonen and Leo K Niskanen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:179

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Interventions are needed which can successfully modify more than one disease risk factor at a time, but much remains to be learned about the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of multiple risk facto...

    Authors: Jennifer B McClure, Sheryl L Catz, Evette J Ludman, Julie Richards, Karin Riggs and Lou Grothaus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:167

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The cost of maternity care can be a barrier to access that may increase maternal and neonatal mortality risk. We analyzed spending on maternity care in urban slum communities in Mumbai to better understand the...

    Authors: Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Noemi Pace, Ujwala Bapat, Sushmita Das, Neena S More, Wasundhara Joshi, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:150

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In general dog-owners are more physically active than non-owners, however; it is not known whether dog-ownership can influence seasonal fluctuations in physical activity. This study examines whether dog-owners...

    Authors: Parabhdeep Lail, Gavin R McCormack and Melanie Rock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:148

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Previous cross-sectional research has suggested single cigarettes could either promote or inhibit consumption. The present study aimed to assess the effects of single cigarette availability and consumption on ...

    Authors: James F Thrasher, Victor Villalobos, Joaquin Barnoya, Raul Sansores and Richard O'Connor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:134

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Community-based interventions are a promising approach and an important component of a comprehensive response to obesity. In this paper we describe the Collaboration of COmmunity-based Obesity Prevention Sites (C...

    Authors: Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Chad Foulkes, Rebecca Reynolds, Elizabeth Waters, Lesley King, Tim Gill, Rebecca Armstrong and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:132

    Content type: Correspondence

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  43. Poor mental health predicts sexual risk behaviours in high-income countries, but little is known about this association in low-income settings in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV is prevalent. This study investiga...

    Authors: Patric Lundberg, Godfrey Rukundo, Schola Ashaba, Anna Thorson, Peter Allebeck, Per-Olof Östergren and Elizabeth Cantor-Graae

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:125

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Surveys have provided evidence that tobacco use is widely prevalent amongst the youth in Pakistan. Several reviews have evaluated the effectiveness of various tobacco control programs, however, few have taken ...

    Authors: Syed MA Zaidi, Abdul L Bikak, Ayesha Shaheryar, Syed H Imam and Javaid A Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:117

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global public health and human rights concern. Despite a growing body of research into risk factors for IPV, methodological differences limit the extent to wh...

    Authors: Tanya Abramsky, Charlotte H Watts, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Karen Devries, Ligia Kiss, Mary Ellsberg, Henrica AFM Jansen and Lori Heise

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:109

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Betel quid chewing is a common habit widely practiced in Southern Asian populations. However, variations are seen in the content of a betel quid across the different countries. Factors associated with commence...

    Authors: Wan MN Ghani, Ishak A Razak, Yi-Hsin Yang, Norain A Talib, Noriaki Ikeda, Tony Axell, Prakash C Gupta, Yujiro Handa, Norlida Abdullah and Rosnah B Zain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:82

    Content type: Research article

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