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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviours, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behaviour and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Poor adherence to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) is reported as one of the main causes of unintended pregnancy in women that rely on this form of contraception. This study aims to estimate the associations ...

    Authors: Gerard J Molloy, Heather Graham and Hannah McGuinness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:838

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The beneficial effect of physical activity for the prevention of a range of chronic diseases is widely acknowledged. These conditions are most prevalent in low-income groups where physical activity levels are ...

    Authors: Janet Withall, Russell Jago and Kenneth R Fox

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:836

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of age and sex on the relationship between fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM), fat-...

    Authors: Kai-Yu Xiong, Hui He, Yi-Ming Zhang and Guo-Xin Ni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:835

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    The physical activity (PA) levels of many children and adolescents in Australia are currently insufficient to promote health benefits. Physical education (PE) programs aim to promote PA and reach nearly all sc...

    Authors: Richard R Rosenkranz, David R Lubans, Louisa R Peralta, Andrew Bennie, Taren Sanders and Chris Lonsdale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:834

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adverse...

    Authors: Fredric D Wolinsky, Elena M Andresen, Theodore K Malmstrom, J Philip Miller, Mario Schootman and Douglas K Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:827

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Mid to late adolescence is characterised by a vulnerability to problematic substance use since the consumption of alcohol and illicit drugs is frequently initiated and increased in this life period. While the ...

    Authors: Nicolas Arnaud, Sonja Bröning, Magdalena Drechsel, Rainer Thomasius and Christiane Baldus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:826

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in reducing diabetes incidence has been well established. Little is known, however, about factors influencing the reach of diabetes prevention programs. This study ...

    Authors: Rachel A Laws, Philip Vita, Kamalesh Venugopal, Chris Rissel, Daniel Davies and Stephen Colagiuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:822

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Environment, health behavior, and genetic background are important in the development of obesity. Adolescents spend substantial part of daily leisure time on cultural and social activities, but knowledge about...

    Authors: Koenraad Cuypers, Karin De Ridder, Kirsti Kvaløy, Margunn Skjei Knudtsen, Steinar Krokstad, Jostein Holmen and Turid Lingaas Holmen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:820

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  9. Content type: Research article

    People in lower socioeconomic positions report worse health-related functioning. Only few examined whether perceptions of unfairness are particularly common in these people and whether this perceived unfairnes...

    Authors: Hans Bosma, Anouk Gerritsma, Gonnie Klabbers and Marjan van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:818

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In most European origin populations measures of socioeconomic position are positively associated with leisure time physical activity (LTPA), this is unclear for active commuting. In addition, these association...

    Authors: Jeroen SL de Munter, Charles Agyemang, Lizzy M Brewster, Karien Stronks and Irene GM van Valkengoed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:815

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is a shortage of information about the factors that mediate physical activity intervention effects which involve youth. The purpose of this study was to examine whether personal, social and physical-envi...

    Authors: Ingunn H Bergh, Maartje M van Stralen, May Grydeland, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, Lene F Andersen, Sigmund A Anderssen and Yngvar Ommundsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:814

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Research results from large, national population-based studies investigating gender differences in weight dissatisfaction and disordered eating across the adult life span are still limited. Gender is a signifi...

    Authors: Christine Forrester-Knauss and Elisabeth Zemp Stutz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:809

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, various reviews described the relationship between the physical environment and different physical activity (PA) domains. Yet, the majority of the current review evidence relies on North Am...

    Authors: Veerle Van Holle, Benedicte Deforche, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Liesbet Goubert, Lea Maes, Nico Van de Weghe and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:807

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The first aim was to examine the effect of the UP4FUN pilot intervention on children’s total sedentary time. The second aim was to investigate if the intervention had an effect on children’s physical activity ...

    Authors: Maïte Verloigne, Elling Bere, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Lea Maes, Nanna Lien, Froydis N Vik, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:805

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control calls for the elimination of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. To test whether tobacco packaging functions as advertising by communicating attractive a...

    Authors: Philip Gendall, Janet Hoek, Richard Edwards and Judith McCool

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:796

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe is high. It is a major cause of the overall rates of many of the main chronic (or non communicable) diseases in this region and is characterized by an unequal...

    Authors: Jeroen Lakerveld, Johannes Brug, Sandra Bot, Pedro J Teixeira, Harry Rutter, Euan Woodward, Oddrun Samdal, Lynn Stockley, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Patricia van Assema, Aileen Robertson, Tim Lobstein, Jean-Michel Oppert, Róza Ádány and Giel Nijpels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:793

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Few of the many behavioral sexual health interventions in Africa have been rigorously evaluated. Where biological outcomes have been measured, improvements have rarely been found. One of the most rigorous tria...

    Authors: Daniel Wight, Mary Plummer and David Ross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:788

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The At Home/Chez Soi (AH/CS) Project is a randomized controlled trial of a Housing First intervention to meet the needs of homeless individuals with mental illness in five cities across Canada. The objectives ...

    Authors: Stephen W Hwang, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Patricia O’Campo and Agnes Gozdzik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:787

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity interventions in schools environment seem to have shown some effectiveness in the control of the current obesity epidemic in children. However the complexity of behaviors and the diversity of...

    Authors: María Martínez-Andrés, Úrsula García-López, Myriam Gutiérrez-Zornoza, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, María Jesús Pardo-Guijarro, Mairena Sánchez-López, Eugenio Cortés-Ramírez and Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:785

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  20. Content type: Research article

    It has been estimated that there are approximately 12 million cancer survivors in the United States. Continued smoking after a cancer diagnosis is linked to adverse effects among cancer survivors on overall su...

    Authors: Tung-Sung Tseng, Hui-Yi Lin, Sarah Moody-Thomas, Michelle Martin and Ted Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:784

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    The National Child Measurement Programme was established to measure the height and weight of children at primary school in England and provides parents with feedback about their child’s weight status. In this ...

    Authors: Catherine Falconer, MinHae Park, Áine Skow, James Black, Ulla Sovio, Sonia Saxena, Anthony Kessel, Helen Croker, Steve Morris, Russell Viner and Sanjay Kinra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:783

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The increasing popularity of commercial movies showing three dimensional (3D) computer generated images has raised concern about image safety and possible side effects on population health.

    Authors: Angelo G Solimini, Alice Mannocci, Domitilla Di Thiene and Giuseppe La Torre

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:779

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Awareness program was designed as a part of the EU-funded Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) intervention study to promote mental health of adolescents in 11 European countries by helping ...

    Authors: Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Danuta Wasserman, Vladimir Carli, Marco Sarchiapone, Susana Al-Halabí, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Julio Bobes, Doina Cosman, Luca Farkas, Dana Feldman, Gloria Fischer, Nadja Graber, Christian Haring, Dana Cristina Herta…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:776

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Intake of sweet drinks has previously been associated with the development of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The present study aimed to assess the consumption pattern of sweet drinks in...

    Authors: Britt W Jensen, Melanie Nichols, Steven Allender, Andrea de Silva-Sanigorski, Lynne Millar, Peter Kremer, Kathleen Lacy and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:771

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Individual and community health are adversely impacted by disparities in health outcomes among disadvantaged and vulnerable populations. Understanding the underlying causes for variations in health outcomes is...

    Authors: Michael F Dulin, Hazel Tapp, Heather A Smith, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Maren J Coffman, Tom Ludden, Janni Sorensen and Owen J Furuseth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:769

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Hispanics are the fasting growing population in the U.S. and disproportionately suffer from chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Little is known about the complex interplay between acculturation...

    Authors: Fátima Rodriguez, LeRoi S Hicks and Lenny López

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:768

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although several studies have investigated the relationship between the number of siblings or birth order and childhood overweight, the results are inconsistent. In addition, little is known about the impact o...

    Authors: Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Tadahiro Ohtsu, Rimei Nishimura, Aya Morimoto, Ritsuko Obuchi, Hiromi Hoshino, Naoko Tajima and Akatsuki Kokaze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:766

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to estimate use of helmets, lights, and visible clothing among cyclists and to examine trip and personal characteristics associated with their use.

    Authors: Kay Teschke, Jeff R Brubacher, Steven M Friedman, Peter A Cripton, M Anne Harris, Conor CO Reynolds, Hui Shen, Melody Monro, Garth Hunte, Mary Chipman, Michael D Cusimano, Nancy Smith Lea, Shelina Babul and Meghan Winters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:765

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Important unanswered questions remain on the impact of international sporting events on the sex industry. Speculation about increased demand and supply of sex work often generates significant attention, but al...

    Authors: Marlise Richter, Stanley Luchters, Dudu Ndlovu, Marleen Temmerman and Matthew Francis Chersich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:763

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Global obesity prevalence is increasing and population health programs are required to support changes to modifiable lifestyle risk factors. Such interventions benefit from mass-communications to promote their...

    Authors: Blythe J O’Hara, Adrian E Bauman and Philayrath Phongsavan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:762

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Research in recent decades increasingly indicates the importance of conditions in early life for health in adulthood. Only few studies have investigated socioeconomic conditions in both childhood and adulthood...

    Authors: Martin Lindström, Kristina Hansen and Maria Rosvall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:761

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Overweight and obesity are steadily increasing worldwide with the greatest prevalence occurring in high-income countries. Many factors influence body mass index (BMI); however multiple influences assessed in f...

    Authors: Andrea Gonzalez, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades, Laura Duncan, Leslie R Atkinson and Harriet L MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:755

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The emphasis on prevention in English health policy continues to centre predominantly on major diseases such as coronary heart disease and diabetes. A number of key documents detailing self-management techniqu...

    Authors: Fizzah Ali, Clare Jinks and Bie Nio Ong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:753

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with intellectual disability often have poor health and healthcare. This is partly as a consequence of poor communication and recall difficulties, and the possible loss of specialised paediatric se...

    Authors: Nicholas Lennox, Robert Ware, Suzanne Carrington, Michael O’Callaghan, Gail Williams, Lyn McPherson and Chris Bain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:750

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Condom use problems are common amongst Scotland’s men who have sex with men (MSM). To date condom errors have been associated with the likelihood of sexually transmitted infections in heterosexual sexually tra...

    Authors: Lisa Goodall, Daniel Clutterbuck and Paul Flowers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:747

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Previous follow-up studies of repeated self-harm show that the cumulative risk of repeated self-harm within one year is 5.7%–15%, with females at greatest risk. However, relatively few studies have focused on ...

    Authors: Chi-Hsiang Chung, Ching-Huang Lai, Chi-Ming Chu, Lu Pai, Senyeong Kao and Wu-Chien Chien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:744

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Malaysia has relatively liberal abortion laws in that they permit abortions for both physical and mental health cases. However, abortion remains a taboo subject. The stagnating contraceptive prevalence rate co...

    Authors: Wen Ting Tong, Wah Yun Low, Yut Lin Wong, Sim Poey Choong and Ravindran Jegasothy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:743

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  38. Content type: Research article

    So far, audience segmentation of adolescents with respect to alcohol has been carried out mainly on the basis of socio-demographic characteristics. In this study we examined whether it is possible to segment a...

    Authors: Jolanda Mathijssen, Meriam Janssen, Marja van Bon-Martens and Ien van de Goor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:742

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The organized Cervical Cancer Screening Programme (CCSP) in Italy might represent an occasion to deliver smoking cessation (SC) counselling to women attending the Pap test examination. Evidence of effectivenes...

    Authors: Giuseppe Gorini, Giulia Carreras, Livia Giordano, Emanuela Anghinoni, Anna Iossa, Alessandro Coppo, Fiorella Talassi, Maurizio Galavotti and Elisabetta Chellini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:740

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco use is responsible for 5.4 million deaths every year worldwide and is a leading cause of preventable death. The burden of these deaths is rapidly shifting to low and middle-income countries, such as Br...

    Authors: Christine M White, David Hammond, James F Thrasher and Geoffrey T Fong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:737

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Healthy couple relationships are fundamental to a healthy society, whereas relationship breakdown and discord are linked to a wide range of negative health and wellbeing outcomes. Two types of relationship ser...

    Authors: Margot J Schofield, Nicholas Mumford, Dubravko Jurkovic, Ivancica Jurkovic and Andrew Bickerdike

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:735

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of alcohol and other psychoactive substances is high in biological specimens from injured drivers, while the prevalence of these psychoactive substances in samples from drivers in normal traffic...

    Authors: Stig Tore Bogstrand, Hallvard Gjerde, Per Trygve Normann, Ingeborg Rossow and Øivind Ekeberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:734

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  43. Content type: Research article

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of ...

    Authors: Kristien Michielsen, Roxanne Beauclair, Wim Delva, Kristien Roelens, Ronan Van Rossem and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:729

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  44. Content type: Research article

    General and preventive health checks are a key feature of contemporary policies of anticipatory care. Ensuring high and equitable uptake of such general health checks is essential to ensuring health gain and p...

    Authors: Ruth Dryden, Brian Williams, Colin McCowan and Markus Themessl-Huber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:723

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  45. Content type: Research article

    To design effective, tailored interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, a thorough understanding of the barriers and facilitators of ART adherence is required. Factors at the individual ...

    Authors: Ramsey A Lyimo, Marijn de Bruin, Jossy van den Boogaard, Harm J Hospers, André van der Ven and Declare Mushi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:716

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