Skip to content


Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin, David Rehkopf

This section aims to publish studies looking at the processes enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and the actions taken by them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent illness. The section also welcomes studies looking at the social determinants of health.

Page 5 of 54

  1. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity among children and adolescents (collectively, youth) is important to ensure adult health. Population density is a factor that affects physical activity via various environmental factors. Howe...

    Authors: Hiroki Sato, Shigeru Inoue, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoko Takamiya, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Yuki Hikihara and Shigeho Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1132

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Although research has explored influenza vaccination uptake among medical and college students, there is a dearth of research in understanding influenza vaccination uptake and attitudes toward the vaccine amon...

    Authors: Christopher J. Rogers, Kaitlin O. Bahr and Stephanie M. Benjamin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1131

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Current research into alcohol consumption focuses predominantly on problematic drinkers and populations considered likely to engage in risky behaviours. Middle-aged drinkers are an under-researched group, desp...

    Authors: Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis and Jaklin Eliott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1016

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Legal restrictions on alcohol availability have been used to address violence and injury in the world’s remote Indigenous communities. In Australia, alcohol management plans (AMPs) were implemented by the Quee...

    Authors: Alan R. Clough, Michelle S. Fitts, Reinhold Muller, Valmae Ypinazar and Stephen Margolis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1126

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    In the late 20th century, US localities began increasing the minimum age of legal access (MLA) for tobacco from 18 to 21 years by enacting “Tobacco 21” ordinances. Although these policies have a strong evidenc...

    Authors: Jocelyn Huey and Dorie E. Apollonio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1129

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Recent evidence suggests that HIV prevalence is generally higher among older than younger persons. However, few studies have explored issues regarding HIV testing and awareness of HIV status among older person...

    Authors: Anne M. Nabukenya and Joseph K. B. Matovu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1128

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    There are conflicting researches on the relationship between muscular strength and depression, the most common mental illness. There is no study of relationship between muscular strength and depression using n...

    Authors: Mee-Ri Lee, Sung Min Jung, Hyuk Bang, Hwa Sung Kim and Yong Bae Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1123

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Pictorial cigarette pack warnings discourage smoking, but most evidence comes from studies of adults. Our qualitative study explored adolescents’ reactions to pictorial warnings on their parents’ cigarette packs.

    Authors: Kaitlyn E. Brodar, M. Justin Byron, Kathryn Peebles, Marissa G. Hall, Jessica K. Pepper and Noel T. Brewer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1125

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    There is a need to identify strategies that enhance the implementation of evidence-based school wellness intervention programs in real-world settings. The present study evaluates the feasibility of empowering ...

    Authors: Senlin Chen, David A. Dzewaltowski, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, Spyridoula Vazou, Douglas A. Gentile, Joey A. Lee, Kyle J. Braun, Maren M. Wolff and Gregory J. Welk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1119

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Office-based workers typically spend 70–85% of working hours, and a large proportion of leisure time, sitting. High levels of sitting have been linked to poor health. There is a need for fully powered randomis...

    Authors: Charlotte L. Edwardson, Stuart J. H. Biddle, Alexandra Clarke-Cornwell, Stacy Clemes, Melanie J. Davies, David W. Dunstan, Helen Eborall, Malcolm H. Granat, Laura J. Gray, Genevieve N. Healy, Gerry Richardson, Thomas Yates and Fehmidah Munir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1120

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Provision of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment may contribute to health disparities if barriers to treatment are greater for more disadvantaged groups. We describe and evaluate the public health impac...

    Authors: Peter Selby, Sabrina Voci, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Rosa Dragonetti and Sarwar Hussain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1117

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QOL) is an important component in assessing people’s health. Environmental quality can influence people’s QOL in the physical health, psychological, social relationships and environment domain...

    Authors: Fiona Y. Wong, Lin Yang, John W. M. Yuen, Katherine K. P. Chang and Frances K. Y. Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1113

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have sought to address the limited time for physical activity by focusing on increasing physical activity intensity among students during non-curricula periods and specifically school break time...

    Authors: Dean A. Dudley, Wayne G. Cotton, Louisa R. Peralta and Matthew Winslade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1101

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Low-income children and parents are at increased risk for developing overweight and obesity. Therefore, the purpose of this exploratory study was to compare whether African American and white children and pare...

    Authors: Diane C. Berry, Robert G. McMurray, Todd A. Schwartz and Reuben Adatorwovor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1107

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Life-skills trainings conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their dissemination is impeded due to their large ...

    Authors: Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Andreas Wenger and Michael P. Schaub

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1102

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization recommends HIV self-testing (HIVST) as an additional approach to HIV testing services. We aimed to assess to what extent HIVST was conducted correctly by Chinese men who have sex ...

    Authors: Chongyi Wei, Li Yan, Jianjun Li, Xiaoyou Su, Sheri Lippman and Hongjing Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1108

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Features of schools and classes are closely related to students´ health and wellbeing. However, class composition (e.g. in terms of school performance) has rarely been examined in relation to students´ health ...

    Authors: Katharina Rathmann, Ludwig Bilz, Klaus Hurrelmann, Wieland Kiess and Matthias Richter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1098

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Because of their poor health and social vulnerability, homeless people require specific care. However, due to care avoidance, homeless people are often not involved in care. This study aims to get insights int...

    Authors: Hanna T. Klop, Kirsten Evenblij, Jaap R. G. Gootjes, Anke J. E. de Veer and Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1095

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    To reduce the negative consequences of smoking, workplaces have adopted and implemented anti-smoking initiatives. Compared to large workplaces, less research exists about these initiatives at smaller workplace...

    Authors: Christine M. Kava, Edith A. Parker, Barbara Baquero, Susan J. Curry, Paul A. Gilbert, Michael Sauder and Daniel K. Sewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1094

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    College is a critical time where students are more prone to engage in risky health behaviors known to negatively affect well-being, such as physical inactivity, stress, and poor dietary habits. A health promot...

    Authors: Khalid M. Almutairi, Wadi B. Alonazi, Jason M. Vinluan, Turky H. Almigbal, Mohammed Ali Batais, Abdulaziz A Alodhayani, Norah Alsadhan, Regie B. Tumala, Mahaman Moussa, Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah and Razan Ibrahim Alhoqail

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1093

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Research evaluating lifestyle interventions for prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) may not reach those most at risk. We compared the response rate to a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a lifestyle ...

    Authors: Adam Bayley, Daniel Stahl, Mark Ashworth, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup, Janet Treasure, Anne Greenough, Katie Ridge, Kirsty Winkley and Khalida Ismail

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1092

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Blended physiotherapy, in which physiotherapy sessions and an online application are integrated, might support patients in taking an active role in the management of their chronic condition and may reduce dise...

    Authors: Corelien J. J. Kloek, Johanna M. van Dongen, Dinny H. de Bakker, Daniël Bossen, Joost Dekker and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1082

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that the media can influence societal attitudes and beliefs to various social issues. This influence is especially strong for mental health issues, particularly suicide. As such, the aim of t...

    Authors: Victoria Carmichael and Rob Whitley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1086

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    In 2009, the World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health set out its recommendations for action, which included establishing equity from early childhood onwards by enabling all chil...

    Authors: Annabelle Pierron, Laurence Fond-Harmant, Anne Laurent and François Alla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1087

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    The variables correlated with problem gambling are routinely assessed and fairly well established. However, problem gamblers were all ‘at-risk’ and ‘recreational’ gamblers at some point. Thus, it is instructiv...

    Authors: Alissa Mazar, Robert J. Williams, Edward J. Stanek III, Martha Zorn and Rachel A. Volberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1080

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Redesigning primary health services may enhance timely and effective uptake by men. The primary aim of this study was to assess the likelihood of Australian men attending a dedicated men’s health service (DMHS...

    Authors: Andrew D. Vincent, Phoebe G. Drioli-Phillips, Jana Le, Lynette Cusack, Timothy J. Schultz, Margaret A. McGee, Deborah A. Turnbull and Gary A. Wittert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1078

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Child obesity is a major public health challenge, increasing the risk of chronic medical conditions such as type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and hypertension. Among U.S. states, Tennessee has one of the hi...

    Authors: Gerhild Ullmann, Satish K. Kedia, Ramin Homayouni, Cem Akkus, Michael Schmidt, Lisa M. Klesges and Kenneth D. Ward

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1068

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer and cervical cancer are the two leading cancers among women in Ethiopia. This study investigated knowledge and attitudes related to these two types of cancer among women in 4 zones of Ethiopia. T...

    Authors: Bekele Chaka, Abdul-Rauf Sayed, Bridgette Goeieman and Sarah Rayne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1072

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Fruits and Vegetables (FV) consumption is considered a marker of social inequalities in health since it is considerably decreased in disadvantaged populations. The main objective of this trial was to evaluate ...

    Authors: Camille Buscail, Aurore Margat, Stéphanie Petit, Judith Gendreau, Paul Daval, Pierre Lombrail, Serge Hercberg, Paule Latino-Martel, Aurélie Maurice and Chantal Julia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1065

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Telephone-based smoking cessation services (‘quitlines’) are both effective and cost-effective. Knowledge of modifiable baseline factors in real-life settings with heterogeneous participants is essential for t...

    Authors: Eva Nohlert, John Öhrvik and Ásgeir R. Helgason

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1066

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    An inverse relationship exists between physical activity and many non-communicable diseases, such as obesity. Given the daily time spent, a logical domain to reach an adult population for intervention is withi...

    Authors: Stacey Johnson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Adrien Marck, Geoffroy Berthelot, Joana Ungureanu and Jean-François Toussaint

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1064

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    To examine the association between health literacy, level of disease knowledge, and adherence behavior among patients with type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Jue-Zong Yeh, Chung-jen Wei, Shuen-fu Weng, Cheng-yu Tsai, Jia-hui Shih, Chung-liang Shih and Chiung-hsuan Chiu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1062

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity is a worldwide health challenge and risk factor for adult life obesity, which predisposes to development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, also thinness in early life h...

    Authors: Ingun Toftemo, Anne Karen Jenum, Per Lagerløv, Pétur B. Júlίusson, Ragnhild Sørum Falk and Line Sletner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1056

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms among left-behind children (LBC) in junior and senior secondary schools and examine the significant predictors of depressive symptoms, which might provide p...

    Authors: Meijuan Tan, Mengshi Chen, Jing Li, Xinyun He, Zhiyong Jiang, Hongzhuan Tan and Xin Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1059

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Due to media reports of several deaths, consumption of unrecorded alcohol (i.e., alcohol brewed at home) has emerged as a public health threat in developing countries like Kenya. Empirical data on this issue, ...

    Authors: Rahma S. Mkuu, Adam E. Barry, Francisco A. Montiel Ishino and Ann O. Amuta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1058

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    College students in China are emerging as one of the most vulnerable groups to contract HIV, because they are in a sexually active age group and also because of their open attitude toward sex and high risk sex...

    Authors: Guochen Fu, Yulin Shi, Yongfu Yan, Yajie Li, Jing Han, Guosheng Li, Ruyi Lin, Yuning Wang, Zihan Fu, Qingxin Gong, Yuhang Gan, Jiaxing Wei and Junfang Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1050

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    There is limited knowledge the association of smoking cessation with changes in lifestyle and health behaviours. This study examined this issue using large-scale, long-term longitudinal data.

    Authors: Takashi Oshio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1051

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms underlying the association of parental socioeconomic position with later life allostatic load remain unclear. The present study aims to examine potential pathways underlying this association: pe...

    Authors: Dinne S. Christensen, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Ellen Garde, Åse M. Hansen, Jolene M. Pedersen and Erik L. Mortensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1029

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    It is estimated that around 40% of children worldwide are exposed to tobacco smoke, largely by their parents. Discrepancies between biochemical measures of exposure and parental report imply that parents may b...

    Authors: Vicki Myers, Shoshana Shiloh and Laura Rosen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1031

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Current studies on electronic cigarettes (ECs) have assessed the smoking cessation effectiveness and safety of EC among sole EC users. However, in Malaysia and elsewhere, most EC users also smoke conventional ...

    Authors: Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Azizur Rahman, Shazia Jamshed and Syed Mahmood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1028

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Consumers most commonly discard unwanted medicines in household rubbish or drains, however, there are global concerns over the extent, environmental impact and health risks. When consumers procure or store med...

    Authors: Fiona Kelly, Sara McMillan, Jean Spinks, Emilie Bettington and Amanda J. Wheeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1026

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The school system is one setting in which children’s physical activity levels may be increased through daily physical activity (DPA) policies and initiatives. Adherence to DPA policies is typically poor and re...

    Authors: Emily Bremer, Jeffrey D. Graham, Scott Veldhuizen and John Cairney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1023

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Excess calorie consumption and poor diet are major contributors to the obesity epidemic. Food retailers, in particular at supermarkets, are key shapers of the food environment which influences consumers’ diets...

    Authors: Olivia Martinez, Noemi Rodriguez, Allison Mercurio, Marie Bragg and Brian Elbel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1019

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    There is currently a rapid physical activity transition taking place in developing countries that includes a decrease in active transportation. Building on findings from an earlier systematic review, this pape...

    Authors: Vincent O. Onywera, Richard Larouche, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Antonio Prista, Kingsley K. Akinroye, Sylvester Heyker, George E. Owino and Mark S. Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1018

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Social network characteristics have an important role in understanding HIV transmission among female sex workers. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically appraise the existing stu...

    Authors: Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Homeira Sajjadi, Yahya Salimi, Carl Latkin and Tom A. B. Snijders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1020

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum family planning services is one of the recommended public health intervention aimed at reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortalities. However, there is a paucity studies in rural Tigray regi...

    Authors: Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Berhe Beyene Gebrezgiabher, Berihu Gidey Aregawi, Desta Siyoum Belay, Lidiya Tsegay Tikue and Getachew Mebrahtu Welay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1017

    Published on: