Skip to content


Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin, David Rehkopf

This section aims to publish studies looking at the processes enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and the actions taken by them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent illness. The section also welcomes studies looking at the social determinants of health.

Page 4 of 52

  1. Content type: Research article

    The school system is one setting in which children’s physical activity levels may be increased through daily physical activity (DPA) policies and initiatives. Adherence to DPA policies is typically poor and re...

    Authors: Emily Bremer, Jeffrey D. Graham, Scott Veldhuizen and John Cairney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1023

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Excess calorie consumption and poor diet are major contributors to the obesity epidemic. Food retailers, in particular at supermarkets, are key shapers of the food environment which influences consumers’ diets...

    Authors: Olivia Martinez, Noemi Rodriguez, Allison Mercurio, Marie Bragg and Brian Elbel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1019

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that sports participation is positively related to youth developmental outcomes, but it is still unknown if sports participation relates to these outcomes among socially vulnerable youth. He...

    Authors: Sabina Super, Niels Hermens, Kirsten Verkooijen and Maria Koelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1012

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Military spouses are integral to the health of their families, but have demonstrated elevated levels of stress, depression, and anxiety. Participating in health behaviors such as physical activity and healthy ...

    Authors: Emily L. Mailey, Carrie Mershon, Jillian Joyce and Brandon C. Irwin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1013

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide more than ten million people are detained at any given time. Between 5 and 60% of people experiencing incarceration report receipt of a tattoo in prison – mostly clandestine, which is associated with...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Célestine Dubost, Stéphanie Baggio, Laurent Gétaz and Hans Wolff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1015

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to be linked to health risk behaviours (HRBs). This study aims to identify risk factors for ACEs and to examine the associations between ACEs and single and...

    Authors: Jascha Wiehn, Claudia Hornberg and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1005

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Applying the Process-Person-Context-Time (PPCT) model of the bioecological theory, this study considers whether proximal processes between the individual and the microsystem (social relationships within family...

    Authors: Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Christopher G. Bean, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1000

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and...

    Authors: Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard and Megan S. C. Lim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1002

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Distribution of tobacco cessation medications through state quitlines increases service utilization and quit outcomes. However, some state quitlines have moved to models in which callers are instructed to obta...

    Authors: Adrienne B. Lent, Patrick A. O’Connor, Ryan C. Reikowsky, Uma S. Nair and Melanie L. Bell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1001

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer is an important aspect of measuring treatment success. In Croatia, no QoL studies have been carried out with a focus on patients after mastectomy...

    Authors: Stana Pačarić, Jozo Kristek, Jure Mirat, Goran Kondža, Tajana Turk, Nikolina Farčić, Želimir Orkić and Ana Nemčić

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:999

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Cape Verde presents a high rate of cardiovascular diseases. Low potassium and high sodium intakes are related to cardiovascular diseases. However, studies regarding these two micronutrients continue to be rare...

    Authors: Daniela Alves, Zélia Santos, Miguel Amado, Isabel Craveiro, António Pedro Delgado, Artur Correia and Luzia Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:995

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Information leaflets have been shown to significantly improve awareness of the symptoms of gynaecological cancers and to reduce perceived barriers to seeking medical help. This record-based, parallel, randomis...

    Authors: Jackie Campbell, Kirty Vaghela, Stephen Rogers, Michelle Pyer, Alice Simon and Jo Waller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:997

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Smoking prevalence in Ireland is falling in all age groups, but the prevalence of roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco use is rising among young people. This qualitative study aims to explore and understand the factors...

    Authors: Elizabeth Breslin, Joan Hanafin and Luke Clancy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:991

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing and psychological disorder is a common comorbidity of obesity. We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake w...

    Authors: Hong-jie Yu, Fang Li, Yong-feng Hu, Chang-feng Li, Xu-hao Yang, Shuai Yuan, Yao Huang, Bo-wen Tang, Jie Gong and Qi-qiang He

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:986

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Disparities in the prevalence of HIV persist in the southern United States, and young African American women have a disproportionate burden of HIV as compared with young women of other racial/ethnic background...

    Authors: Felicia A. Browne, Wendee M. Wechsberg, Paul N. Kizakevich, William A. Zule, Courtney P. Bonner, Ashton N. Madison, Brittni N. Howard and Leslie B. Turner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:982

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Gender norms practiced by respective societies increase the risk of violence by men against women. To date, there is a dearth of research evidence on changing gender norms through health promotion approaches a...

    Authors: T. Herath, D. Guruge, M. Fernando, S. Jayarathna and L. Senarathna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:977

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Electronic harassment affects 20–40% of adolescents and has been associated with significant negative outcomes including physical (ex. headache, abdominal pain), psychological (ex. depression, anxiety), and ps...

    Authors: Ellen Selkie, Yolanda Evans, Adrienne Ton, Nikita Midamba and Megan A. Moreno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:973

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    This article will review qualitative data from intervention-based counselling sessions to explore barriers to partner notification (PN) for South African men and women who have contracted sexually transmitted ...

    Authors: Julia M. Wood, Jane Harries, Moira Kalichman, Seth Kalichman, Koena Nkoko and Catherine Mathews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:980

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is on the rise among young adults (aged 20–39 years). A challenge for health risk communication is that young adults may not be aware or lack acknowledgement of their personal risk of dev...

    Authors: Lotte Skøt, Jesper Bo Nielsen and Anja Leppin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:972

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    In adults, as little as 10 minutes of moderate physical activity (PA) three times a day can help prevent non-communicable diseases and prolong life expectancy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the process ...

    Authors: Angelina Gonzalez-Viana, Mariona Violan Fors, Conxa Castell Abat, Maica Rubinat Masot, Laura Oliveras, Juanjo Garcia-Gil, Antoni Plasencia and Carmen Cabezas Peña

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:968

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Most studies on food choice have been focussing on the individual level but familial aspects may also play an important role. This paper reports of a novel study that will focus on the familial aspects of the ...

    Authors: Lukas Schwingshackl, Ulrike Ruzanska, Verena Anton, Raphael Wallroth, Kathrin Ohla, Sven Knüppel, Matthias B. Schulze, Tobias Pischon, Johannes Deutschbein, Liane Schenk, Petra Warschburger, Ulrich Harttig, Heiner Boeing and Manuela M. Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:963

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Many older Hispanics/Latinos are physically inactive and suffer the harmful health consequences associated with prolonged periods of inactivity. Negative age attributions that equate getting older with “slowin...

    Authors: Lissette M. Piedra, Flavia C. D. Andrade, Rosalba Hernandez, Laura Trejo, Thomas R. Prohaska and Catherine A. Sarkisian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:964

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity (PIA) is an important risk factor for many chronic conditions and therefore might increase healthcare utilization and costs. This study aimed to analyze the association of PIA using device ...

    Authors: Florian M. Karl, Maximilian Tremmel, Agnes Luzak, Holger Schulz, Annette Peters, Christa Meisinger, Rolf Holle and Michael Laxy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:966

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    In Bangladesh, backyard poultry raisers lack awareness of avian influenza and infrequently follow government recommendations for its prevention. Identifying where poultry raisers seek care for their ill poultr...

    Authors: Nadia Ali Rimi, Rebeca Sultana, Kazi Ishtiak-Ahmed, Najmul Haider, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Nazmun Nahar and Stephen P. Luby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:969

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Scaling-up evidence-based behavior change interventions can make a major contribution to meeting the UNAIDS goal of no new HIV infections by 2030. We developed an evidence-based peer group intervention for HIV...

    Authors: Diana L. N. Jere, Chimwemwe K. Banda, Lily C. Kumbani, Li Liu, Linda L. McCreary, Chang Gi Park, Crystal L. Patil and Kathleen F. Norr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:950

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Exercise referral schemes within clinical populations may offer benefits for inactive and sedentary individuals, and improve and aid treatment of specific health disorders. This systematic review aims to provi...

    Authors: Nikita Rowley, Steve Mann, James Steele, Elizabeth Horton and Alfonso Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:949

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    During the typical school day, physical education (PE) gives children an opportunity for physical activity (PA) and reduces their sedentary time, but little is known about objectively evaluated PA and sedentar...

    Authors: Chiaki Tanaka, Maki Tanaka and Shigeho Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:948

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Obesity is a major health problem in Brazil affecting 19% of Brazilian adults with a rising incidence over the last 10 years. Moreover, low fruit/vegetables consumption and high sweetened beverage intake are m...

    Authors: Alline Maria Beleigoli, Andre Queiroz de Andrade, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Diniz, Roberta Sonia Alvares and Antonio Luiz Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:945

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Exploring the relationship between physical activity, cognition and academic performance in children is an important but developing academic field. One of the key tasks for researchers is explaining how the th...

    Authors: Adrian McPherson, Lisa Mackay, Jule Kunkel and Scott Duncan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:936

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Study protocol

    African Americans living in the rural south have the highest prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in the United States. Given this geographic and racial disparity, intervention implementation needs ...

    Authors: Giselle Corbie-Smith, Crystal Wiley-Cene, Kiana Bess, Tiffany Young, Gaurav Dave, Katrina Ellis, Stephanie M. Hoover, Feng-Chang Lin, Mysha Wynn, Shirley McFarlin and Jamie Ede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:938

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Study protocol

    One half of adults who develop any mental disorder do so during adolescence. Previous literature showed that Mental Health Literacy (MHL) interventions impact mental health knowledge, reduce the associated sti...

    Authors: Rocío Casañas, Victoria-Mailen Arfuch, Pere Castellví, Juan-José Gil, Maria Torres, Angela Pujol, Gemma Castells, Mercè Teixidó, Maria Teresa San-Emeterio, Hernán María Sampietro, Aleix Caussa, Jordi Alonso and Lluís Lalucat-Jo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:939

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Study protocol

    In France smoking initiation rates amongst 11 to 16 year-olds are worryingly high. Several studies show that early initiation to psycho-active substances is a strong predictor of tobacco addiction. Decreasing ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Vieira, Fabrice Chéruel and Hélène Sancho-Garnier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:942

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Type2 Diabetes and Hypertension (T2DM/HTN) have become serious threats to the health and socio-economic development in the developing countries. People living with HIV (PLHIV) infection are more vulnerable of ...

    Authors: Gibson B. Kagaruki, Mary T. Mayige, Esther S. Ngadaya, Andrew M. Kilale, Amos Kahwa, Amani F. Shao, Godfather D. Kimaro, Chacha M. Manga, Doris Mbata, Godlisten S. Materu, Ray M. Masumo and Sayoki G. Mfinanga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:928

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Understanding socioeconomic disparities in physical activity is important, given its contribution to overall population-wide health and to health disparities. Existing studies examining trends in these dispari...

    Authors: Shaun Scholes and David Bann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:926

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Creating or improving urban green space has the potential to be an effective, sustainable and far-reaching way to increase physical activity and improve other aspects of wellbeing in the population. However, t...

    Authors: Jack S. Benton, Jamie Anderson, Sarah Cotterill, Matthew Dennis, Sarah J. Lindley and David P. French

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:923

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Stigma across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability can be co-occurring and may interact with other forms of stigma related to social identities like race, gender, and sexuality. Stigma is especial...

    Authors: Fatimah Jackson-Best and Nancy Edwards

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:919

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Study protocol

    HIV risk remains unacceptably high among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in southern and eastern Africa, reflecting structural and social inequities that drive new infections. In 2015, PEPFAR (the Unit...

    Authors: Isolde Birdthistle, Susan B. Schaffnit, Daniel Kwaro, Maryam Shahmanesh, Abdhalah Ziraba, Caroline W. Kabiru, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Natsayi Chimbindi, Kenneth Ondeng’e, Annabelle Gourlay, Frances M. Cowan, James R. Hargreaves, Bernadette Hensen, Tarisai Chiyaka, Judith R. Glynn and Sian Floyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:912

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Study protocol

    In the United States, problematic stimulant use is a prevalent and difficult to treat problem among men who have sex with men (MSM), as well as a major driver of HIV transmission through the large number of se...

    Authors: Matthew J. Mimiaga, David W. Pantalone, Katie B. Biello, Tiffany Rose Glynn, Christopher M. Santostefano, Jennifer Olson, Dana J. Pardee, Jaclyn M. W. Hughto, Josibel Garcia Valles, Adam W. Carrico, Kenneth H. Mayer and Steven A. Safren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:914

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Educational attainment is associated with physical activity among older people. However, little is known about its association with sedentary lifestyle in European as well as Asian nations. This study aims to ...

    Authors: Taishi Tsuji, Airi Amemiya, Kokoro Shirai, Sari Stenholm, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:917

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Most adolescents do not meet the recommendations for physical activity (PA) of at least 1 h per day. Individual planning (IP) interventions, including forming plans for when, where and how (action planning) to...

    Authors: Theda Radtke, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Konstantin Schenkel, Stuart Biddle and Urte Scholz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:911

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Several food and nutrition education actions have been described in the literature, with emphasis on the recommended use of innovative methods when addressing a young audience. Digital games are an attractive,...

    Authors: Carolina Martins dos Santos Chagas, Tiago Barros Pontes e Silva, Luiggi Monteiro Reffatti, Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho and Natacha Toral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:910

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Reproductive health knowledge is vital in the growth and development of young people and this impact greatly on their educational and personal outcome as they proceed to adulthood. There has been an increasing...

    Authors: Samuel Mungai Mbugua and Jane Muthoni Karonjo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:907

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Study protocol

    The transition from childhood into adolescence can be considered as a critical developmental period. Moreover, adolescence is associated with a decreased use of adaptive emotion regulation strategies and an in...

    Authors: Brenda Volkaert, Laura Wante, Leentje Vervoort and Caroline Braet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:904

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    For more than three decades, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) continue to dominate the health agenda. In sub-Saharan African countries, women are at m...

    Authors: Edith A. M. Tarimo, Deodatus C. V. Kakoko, Thecla W. Kohi, Muhammad Bakari, Eric Sandstrom, David Siyame, Fred Mhalu and Asli Kulane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:905

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol misuse has been an ongoing issue for the US Armed Services, with the Marine Corps maintaining the highest levels of problematic drinking. Broad environmental, social, and policy factors play an importa...

    Authors: Susan I. Woodruff, Suzanne L. Hurtado, Cynthia M. Simon-Arndt and Jessica Lawrenz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:902

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has achieved a high coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART), but maintaining lifelong care is still a great challenge. Mental illnesses often co-exist with HIV/AIDS and may compromise the retention...

    Authors: Tezera Moshago Berheto, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Mbazi Senkoro, Hannock Tweya, Tekalign Deressa, Yimam Getaneh and Gulilat Gezahegn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:896

    Published on: