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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin, David Rehkopf

This section aims to publish studies looking at the processes enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants and the actions taken by them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent illness. The section also welcomes studies looking at the social determinants of health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Emergency contraception (EC) is an effective postcoital contraceptive method for reducing the risk of unwanted pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. The estimated effectiveness of EC is between 70 and 89% i...

    Authors: M. L. Bauzà-Amengual, M. Esteva, M. Ingla-Pol, M. A. Font-Oliver and S. March

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:803

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including maltreatment and exposure to household stressors can impact the health of children. Community factors that provide support, friendship and opportunities for devel...

    Authors: Mark A. Bellis, Karen Hughes, Kat Ford, Katie A. Hardcastle, Catherine A. Sharp, Sara Wood, Lucia Homolova and Alisha Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:792

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    People living with HIV (PLWH) suffer from high rates of mental illness; but targeted effective interventions are limited, especially in developing countries. High penetration of smartphone usage and widespread...

    Authors: Yan Guo, Y. Alicia Hong, Jiaying Qiao, Zhimeng Xu, Hanxi Zhang, Chengbo Zeng, Weiping Cai, Linghua Li, Cong Liu, Yiran Li, Mengting Zhu, Nathan Asher Harris and Cui Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:793

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of diabetes in China has rapidly increased in recent years. Family history and physical inactivity are known risk factors for developing diabetes. As automated telephone-based communication is r...

    Authors: Lancelot W. H. Mui, Robert H. Friedman, Joseph T. F. Lau, Ji Peng and Abu S. Abdullah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:785

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Prevention is recognised by many, including the World Health Organization, to offer the most cost-effective long-term strategy for the control of...

    Authors: Juliet A. Usher-Smith, Golnessa Masson, Katie Mills, Stephen J. Sharp, Stephen Sutton, William M. P. Klein and Simon J. Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:796

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Children’s physical activity levels are low and efforts to improve their physical activity levels have proven difficult. Freely chosen and unstructured physical activity (active play) has the potential to be p...

    Authors: Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R. Hughes, Anne Martin and John J. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:789

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Childhood overweight and obesity is a significant public health issue. A key contributing factor is sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption. Evidence suggests that secondary school students are frequent c...

    Authors: Nicole Kajons, Michael David, Justine Gowland-Ella, Peter Lewis and Samantha Batchelor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:788

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  8. Content type: Research article

    There has been an absolute and relative increase in the number of patients with cannabis-related disorders as the principal diagnosis in many countries in recent years. Cannabis is now the most frequently ment...

    Authors: Solveig Glestad Christiansen and Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:780

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a mood disorder that may lead to severe outcomes including mental breakdown, self-injury, and suicide. Potential causes of depression include genetic, sociocultural, and individual-level factors....

    Authors: Jiabao Pan, Bingjie Liu and Gary L. Kreps

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:772

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Health risk behavior (HRB) is of concern during adolescence. In sub-Saharan Africa, reliable, valid and culturally appropriate measures of HRB are urgently needed. This study aims at assembling and psychometri...

    Authors: Derrick Ssewanyana, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R. Newton and Amina Abubakar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:774

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In Kenya, most sexual violence survivors either do not access healthcare, access healthcare late or do not complete treatment. To design interventions that ensure optimal healthcare for survivors, it is import...

    Authors: Anne Gatuguta, Katherine G. Merrill, Manuela Colombini, Seyi Soremekun, Janet Seeley, Isaac Mwanzo and Karen Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:769

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Web-based lifestyle interventions at the workplace have the potential to promote health and work productivity. However, the sustainability of effects is often small, which could be enhanced by adding face-to-f...

    Authors: Tessa A. Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Suzan J. W. Robroek, Roderik A. Kraaijenhagen, Pieter H. Helmhout, Daan Nieboer, Alex Burdorf and M. G. Myriam Hunink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:766

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Many asylum seekers have complex mental health needs which can be exacerbated by the challenging circumstances in which they live and difficulties accessing health services. Regular moderate physical activity ...

    Authors: Melanie Haith-Cooper, Catherine Waskett, Jane Montague and Maria Horne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:762

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  14. Content type: Research article

    As smartphone becomes increasingly prevalent and affordable, more youths today can own a smartphone device and download applications in various application stores. Smartphone applications have been proven to b...

    Authors: Toan Thanh Thi Do, Mai Dinh Le, Thanh Van Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Roger C. M. Ho and Melvyn W. B. Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:764

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Egypt has the largest proportion of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection worldwide and there is an urgent need to increase community awareness and knowledge about the disease in the country. The main aim of this ...

    Authors: Noha Yahia Sultan, Ahmed YacoobMayet, Sinaa Abdulmohsen Alaqeel and Hussain Abdulrahman Al-Omar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:747

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sexual health in the military comprises a range of concerns including sexually transmitted infections (STI), unintended pregnancy, sexual violence and sexual dysfunction. This study aims to estimate the preval...

    Authors: Sandrine Duron, Aline Bohet, Henri Panjo, Nathalie Bajos, René Migliani, Catherine Marimoutou, Yann Le Strat, Jean Baptiste Meynard and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:750

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Parental attitudes play a key role in their decisions to vaccinate adolescents against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Little is known, however, about the formative experiences that shape parents’ attitudes ab...

    Authors: Kathrine L. Barnes, Jeffrey J. VanWormer, Shannon Stokley, Elizabeth R. Vickers, Huong Q. McLean, Edward A. Belongia and Casper G. Bendixsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:746

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  18. Content type: Research article

    HIV-related discrimination amongst healthcare providers is one of the strongest obstacles to effectively responding to HIV. This study was conducted to explore the occurrence of and other factors related to di...

    Authors: Xiaomei Dong, Jianwei Yang, Lin Peng, Minhui Pang, Jiayi Zhang, Zhan Zhang, Jiaming Rao, Haiqing Wang and Xiongfei Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:738

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Broadly defined learning and coordination disorders (LCDs) are common in the population and have previously been associated with familial social risk factors and male sex. However, comprehensive nationwide stu...

    Authors: Bianca Arrhenius, David Gyllenberg, Roshan Chudal, Venla Lehti, Minna Sucksdorff, Ona Sourander, Juha-Pekka Virtanen, Jutta Torsti and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:739

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Food advertising is a key factor which influences children’s food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children’s, youth and family t...

    Authors: Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:737

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic status (SES) is regarded as consisting of education, income and employment. However, the relationship of these three components to alcohol use behaviours, such as risky single occasion drinking (...

    Authors: Abdu Kedir Seid, Kim Bloomfield and Morten Hesse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:743

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Haze leads to many direct serious public health impacts. Understanding haze related knowledge can not only help adolescents organize health protection awareness to prevent the harmful effects that haze has on ...

    Authors: Hongzhe Dou, Yuejia Zhao, Yanhong Chen, Qingchun Zhao, Bo Xiao, Yan Wang, Yonghe Zhang, Zhiguo Chen, Jie Guo and Lingwei Tao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:734

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public sp...

    Authors: Christopher Lowrie, Amber L. Pearson and George Thomson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:736

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:456

  24. Content type: Research article

    Globally, the potentially harmful effects of using cell phone technology for ‘sexting’ among young people, is a public health concern. The background literature indicates that sexting might have adverse psycho...

    Authors: Maria Clark, Alison Lewis, Sally Bradshaw and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:729

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) are two key modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Achieving change in these behaviours is challenging and affected by many variab...

    Authors: Rebecca A Dennison, Adina L Feldman, Juliet A Usher-Smith and Simon J Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:731

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol marketing on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with alcohol use among young people. Alcohol companies adapt their online marketing content to specific national contexts and responses to such ...

    Authors: Himanshu Gupta, Tina Lam, Simone Pettigrew and Robert J. Tait

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:726

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although unemployment and high levels of perceived stress have been associated in cross-sectional studies, the direction of causation is unknown. We prospectively examined if high levels of perceived everyday ...

    Authors: Maiken Holm Mæhlisen, Alexander Arndt Pasgaard, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Henrik Bøggild

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:728

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Chronic exposure to sleep deprivation may increase the risk of depression in young people who are particularly vulnerable to changes in sleep and mental health. Sleep deprivation and incident depression may al...

    Authors: Annalijn I. Conklin, Christopher A. Yao and Christopher G. Richardson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:724

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Participation in community life is vital for health and wellbeing, promoting a sense of belonging, networks of social support and opportunities for physical activity. Disabled young people have lower levels of...

    Authors: Penelope Carroll, Karen Witten, Octavia Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Robin Kearns, Lanuola Asiasiga, Judy Lin, Nicola Kayes and Suzanne Mavoa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:712

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Increasing prevalence and disease burden has led to an increasing demand of programs and studies focused on dietary and lifestyle habits, and chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evalua...

    Authors: Amutha Ramadas, Carina Ka Yee Chan, Brian Oldenburg, Zanariah Hussein and Kia Fatt Quek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:716

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Using community engagement approaches to develop and deliver interventions targeting small-scale physical environmental improvements in neighbourhoods is a potential strategy for increasing walking for transpo...

    Authors: Emma J. Adams and Lauren B. Sherar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:714

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance (AR) continues to be a serious problem. Many factors contribute to AR, including inappropriate use of antibiotics, in which both healthcare professionals and patients play a contributing ...

    Authors: Thuy Mason, Claire Trochez, Remmya Thomas, Maria Babar, Iman Hesso and Reem Kayyali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:711

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  33. Content type: Research article

    All over the globe shisha smoking is fast growing among different age brackets. Shisha use has been reported to be increasing among youths in African major cities. Its use is documented to result in health eff...

    Authors: Omoboriowo Joad Omotehinwa, Ogendi Japheths, Iyamuremye Jean Damascene and Michael Habtu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:713

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  34. Content type: Research article

    While regular handwashing effectively reduces communicable disease incidence and related child mortality, instilling a habit of regular handwashing in young children continues to be a challenging task, especia...

    Authors: Justine Burns, Brendan Maughan-Brown and Âurea Mouzinho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:709

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  35. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that sports participation is positively associated with psychosocial health in children, but details about this association over time are lacking. This study aimed to explore longitudinal asso...

    Authors: Janet Moeijes, Jooske T. van Busschbach, Ruud J. Bosscher and Jos W. R. Twisk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:702

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Eating habits formed in early childhood are influenced by parental feeding behaviors, warranting investigation of predictors and correlates of parent feeding. We aimed to describe relationships between parenta...

    Authors: Sarah Warkentin, Laís Amaral Mais, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell and José Augusto de Aguiar CarrazedoTaddei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:704

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate how sleep, screen time, active school travel and sport and/or exercise participation associates with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in nationally represe...

    Authors: Knut Eirik Dalene, Sigmund A. Anderssen, Lars Bo Andersen, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Ulf Ekelund, Bjørge H. Hansen and Elin Kolle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:705

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Smoking is one of the most avoidable health risk factors, and yet the quitting success rates are low. The usage of tailored health messages to support quitting has been proved to increase quitting success rate...

    Authors: Santiago Hors-Fraile, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit, Dimitris Spachos, Panagiotis Bamidis and Hein de Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:698

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Health attitudes and behaviours formed during childhood greatly influence adult health patterns. This paper describes the research and development protocol for a school-based health literacy program. The progr...

    Authors: Rose Nash, Shandell Elmer, Katy Thomas, Richard Osborne, Kate MacIntyre, Becky Shelley, Linda Murray, Siobhan Harpur and Diane Webb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:690

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Excessive expenditure and financial harms are core features of problem gambling. There are various forms of gambling and their nature varies. The aim was to measure gambling expenditure by game type while cont...

    Authors: Anne H. Salonen, Jukka Kontto, Riku Perhoniemi, Hannu Alho and Sari Castrén

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:697

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cancer survival rates in the UK are lower in comparison with similar countries in Europe and this may be linked to socioeconomic inequalities in stage of cancer diagnosis and survival. Targeted cancer awarenes...

    Authors: Pamela Smith, Stephanie Smits, Sioned Owen, Fiona Wood, Grace McCutchan, Ben Carter, Adrian Edwards, Michael Robling, Julia Townson and Kate Brain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:695

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) is imperative for good health and there are many different ways that people can be active. There are a range of health, PA and sport policies aiming to get more people active mor...

    Authors: Rochelle M. Eime, Jack T. Harvey, Melanie J. Charity and Rayoni Nelson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:692

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus is one of the most serious chronic illnesses in the world due to its prevalence, economic and social effects, and negative impact on the quality of life of the affected people. The diagnosis imp...

    Authors: José Adailton da Silva, Elizabethe Cristina Fagundes de Souza, Ana Gretel Echazú Böschemeier, Camyla Cristina Maia da Costa, Héllydade Souza Bezerra and Eva Emanuela Lopes Cavalcante Feitosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:699

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) promotion programs are implemented in sports clubs. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of the insufficiently active participants that benefit...

    Authors: Linda Ooms, Chantal Leemrijse, Dorine Collard, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:685

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Although it is accepted that parents play a key role in forming children’s health behaviours, differences in parent-child physical activity (PA) have not previously been analysed simultaneously in random sampl...

    Authors: E. Sigmund, D. Sigmundová, P. Badura and A. Madarasová Gecková

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:676

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    This paper describes the design and methods of a multi-phase study to reduce early childhood caries and obesity in vulnerable South Asian (SA) immigrants in the United States. Early childhood caries and obesit...

    Authors: Alison Karasz and Karen Bonuck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:680

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Smoking cessation often results in weight gain which discourages many smokers from quitting and can increase health risks. Treatments to reduce cessation-related weight gain have been tested in highly controll...

    Authors: Terry Bush, Jennifer Lovejoy, Harold Javitz, Alula Jimenez Torres, Ken Wassum, Marcia M. Tan and Bonnie Spring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:678

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  48. Content type: Research article

    School non-completion and early work disability is a great public health challenge in Norway, as in most western countries. This study aims to investigate how medically based disability pension (DP) among youn...

    Authors: Arnhild Myhr, Tommy Haugan, Monica Lillefjell and Thomas Halvorsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:682

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