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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviours, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behaviour and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) is beneficial to people’s physical and psychological health. Physically active children are likely to become active adults; thus, active lifestyles should be promoted from childhood. Par...

    Authors: Amy S. Ha, Johan Y. Y. Ng, Chris Lonsdale, David R. Lubans and Florrie F. Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:218

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is increasing evidence that anorectal STIs are important in terms of the dual epidemics of HIV and STIs in this set...

    Authors: Angela Kelly-Hanku, Stephen Bell, Sophie Ase, Ruthy Boli-Neo, Andrew J. Vallely, Steven G. Badman, Claire E. Nightingale and Johanna Wapling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:214

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity on prescription (PAP) has been implemented in several countries, including Sweden, to support patients who might benefit from increased physical activity. This study explores the experiences ...

    Authors: Pia Andersen, Lena Lendahls, Sara Holmberg and Per Nilsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:210

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Recovery from functionally disabled status is an important target of public health measures for older adults. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in the improvement of functional ability amo...

    Authors: Airi Amemiya, Naoki Kondo, Junko Saito, Masashige Saito, Daisuke Takagi, Maho Haseda, Yukako Tani and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:209

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  5. Content type: Research article

    While a downward trend in unintentional drowning deaths in Australia has been observed, little is known about intentional drowning mortality. Limited information on intentional drowning death impedes the plann...

    Authors: Muthia Cenderadewi, Richard C. Franklin, Amy E. Peden and Sue Devine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:207

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Norway has one of the highest incidences of melanoma in the world. It has been suggested that the majority of all skin cancers could be prevented by changes related to sun-tanning behaviour. This study explore...

    Authors: Hanne Stavenes Støle, Lill Tove Norvang Nilsen and Pål Joranger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:206

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to explore the implementation of school based diet and physical activity interventions with respect to the barriers and facilitators to adoption, implementation and sustainability; sup...

    Authors: C. B. Hayes, M. P. O’Shea, C. Foley-Nolan, M. McCarthy and J. M. Harrington

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:198

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  8. Content type: Research article

    With increases in inactive lifestyles and mounting pressure for academic excellence in Chinese younger populations, lack of physical activity and increased prevalence of obesity have become a major public heal...

    Authors: Zheng Zhu, Yan Tang, Jie Zhuang, Yang Liu, Xueping Wu, Yujun Cai, Lijuan Wang, Zhen-Bo Cao and Peijie Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:197

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Social cohesion, defined as a glue holding society together, has been found to influence several aspects of human behavior. Social cohesion, being composed of social trust and social participation, is a social...

    Authors: Albino Kalolo, Jacob Mazalale, Anja Krumeich and Michelene Chenault

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:193

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Shared genetic and environmental factors suggest that family relationships are important predictors of obesity-related behaviors, yet little is known about how siblings influence physical activity and sedentar...

    Authors: Kelly R. Ylitalo, Christina N. Bridges, Mariela Gutierrez, Joseph R. Sharkey and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:191

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A range of barriers influence women’s uptake to a first breast screening invitation. Few studies however, have examined factors associated with second screening uptake. This study follows Maltese women to expl...

    Authors: Danika Marmarà, Vincent Marmarà and Gill Hubbard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:189

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In Belgium, as in many other countries, the juvenile practice of physical activity is insufficient. A growing attention has been paid to environmental factors that may influence physical activity but with inco...

    Authors: Camille Pedroni, Maud Dujeu, Nathalie Moreau, Thérésa Lebacq, Estelle Méroc, Isabelle Godin and Katia Castetbon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:187

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Medical students are at risk of contracting and transmitting infectious diseases such as pertussis. Complete vaccination status is important to protect own, patient and public health. Knowing own vaccination s...

    Authors: Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt, Erika Balogh, Antje Bergmann, Ferenc Horváth, Joachim Kugler, Jörg Schelling, Jeannine Schübel and Henna Riemenschneider

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:182

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The “Latina paradox” describes the unexpected association between immigrant status, which is often correlated to low socioeconomic status, and low prevalence of unfavourable birth outcomes. Social (e.g. cultur...

    Authors: Kim Alexandra Zolitschka, Céline Miani, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Silke Brenne, Theda Borde, Matthias David and Oliver Razum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:181

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The percentages of children in Scotland and England meeting the aerobic physical activity (PA) recommendation differ greatly according to estimates derived from the respective national health surveys. The Scot...

    Authors: Chloë Williamson, Paul Kelly and Tessa Strain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:171

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    In an attempt to improve children’s physical activity levels governments have introduced policies specifying the minimum time schools are to schedule physical activity each week. Despite this, the majority of ...

    Authors: Nicole Nathan, John Wiggers, Adrian E. Bauman, Chris Rissel, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Christopher Oldmeadow, Patti-Jean Naylor, Angie L. Cradock, Rachel Sutherland, Karen Gillham, Bernadette Duggan, Sally Chad, Nicole McCarthy, Matthew Pettett, Rebecca Jackson…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:170

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  17. Content type: Research article

    It remains unclear how life course socioeconomic position (SEP) variations impact later smoking status. We aimed to investigate the associations using a novel methodology – a structured regression framework an...

    Authors: Jing Tian, Seana Gall, Kira Patterson, Petr Otahal, Leigh Blizzard, George Patton, Terry Dwyer and Alison Venn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:169

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition warning labels to identify potentially harmful foods/beverages have recently been considered in Singapore. The objective of this study was to pilot test two promising FOP warning ...

    Authors: Felicia Jia Ler Ang, Sagun Agrawal and Eric A. Finkelstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:164

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity and sedentary behavior are considered independent risk factors for chronic disease. However, we do not fully understand their interrelation with key health outcomes such as subclinical athero...

    Authors: Timothy J. Walker, Natalia I. Heredia, MinJae Lee, Susan T. Laing, Susan P. Fisher-Hoch, Joseph B. McCormick and Belinda M. Reininger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:161

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Vaccination has a huge public health impact. Maintaining vaccine coverage is key to avoid the devastating consequences of resurgence. In the Province of Québec, vaccine coverage in young children are sub-optim...

    Authors: Arnaud Gagneur, Caroline Quach, François D. Boucher, Bruce Tapiero, Philippe De Wals, Anne Farrands, Thomas Lemaitre, Nicole Boulianne, Chantal Sauvageau, Manale Ouakki, Virginie Gosselin, Dominique Gagnon, Geneviève Petit, Marie-Claude Jacques and Ève Dubé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:160

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Given the documented decline in levels of physical activity in early adolescence, promoting physical activity in young people is a priority for health promotion. School physical education (PE) is an important ...

    Authors: Juho Polet, Mary Hassandra, Taru Lintunen, Arto Laukkanen, Nelli Hankonen, Mirja Hirvensalo, Tuija Tammelin and Martin S. Hagger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:157

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour (SB) in childhood is a major public health concern. Little is known about ethnic differences in SB during school and holiday weeks among White British (WB) and South Asian (SA) children, wh...

    Authors: Liana C. Nagy, Maria Horne, Muhammad Faisal, M. A. Mohammed and Sally E. Barber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:152

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  23. Content type: Research article

    As the fourth leading cause of death, injury is an important public health concern in Guangdong Province, China. The epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality is changing along with the social develo...

    Authors: Ruilin Meng, Xiaojun Xu, Yanjun Xu, Chao Luo, Haofeng Xu, Ye Wang, Xiuling Song, Liang Xia, Ni Xiao, Shaoen Zhou and Lifeng Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:142

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is one of the biggest health challenges currently facing the UK, with the NHS spending £14 billion each year on treating the disease and associated symptoms.

    Authors: Reem Kayyali, Natasha Slater, Aisha Sahi, Deepa Mepani, Karima Lalji and Ako Abdallah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:138

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the barriers and facilitators to antiretroviral therapy (ART) access and adherence among older Africans. Most studies on ART have focused on individuals who are 15–49 years of age.

    Authors: Enid Schatz, Janet Seeley, Joel Negin, Helen A. Weiss, Grace Tumwekwase, Elizabeth Kabunga, Phiona Nalubega and Joseph Mugisha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:131

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  26. Content type: Research article

    School dropouts are at heightened risk of tobacco use compared to in-school learners. School dropouts are described as those not currently enrolled in school for the academic year, have not completed their sch...

    Authors: Rachana Desai, Liesbeth A. G. Mercken, Robert A. C. Ruiter, Jan Schepers and Priscilla S. Reddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:130

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) has demonstrated a decreased risk in various cancers and other chronic diseases; however, rural residents are less likely to attain recommended levels of PA compared to urban and suburba...

    Authors: Alan M. Beck, Amy A. Eyler, J. Aaron Hipp, Abby C. King, Rachel G. Tabak, Yan Yan, Rodrigo S. Reis, Dixie D. Duncan, Amanda S. Gilbert, Natalicio H. Serrano and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:126

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  28. Content type: Research article

    To describe the identification, adaptation, and testing of an evidence-based pediatric weight management program for a health disparate community.

    Authors: Jennie L. Hill, Jamie M. Zoellner, Wen You, Donna J. Brock, Bryan Price, Ramine C. Alexander, Madlyn Frisard, Fabiana Brito, Xiaolu Hou and Paul A. Estabrooks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:122

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Students engage in risky health-related behaviours that influence their current and future health status. Health-related behaviours cluster among adults and differently based on sub-populations characteristics...

    Authors: Joseph J. Murphy, Ciaran MacDonncha, Marie H. Murphy, Niamh Murphy, Anna Timperio, Rebecca M Leech and Catherine B. Woods

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:121

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of biomedical and seroadaptive HIV prevention strategies has coincided with a decline in condom use among gay men.

    Authors: Benjamin J. Klassen, Karyn Fulcher, Sarah A. Chown, Heather L. Armstrong, Robert S. Hogg, David M. Moore, Eric A. Roth and Nathan J. Lachowsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:120

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D levels may differ between migrant and non-migrant populations, especially among non-western immigrants living in a country with limited sun exposure such as Germany. This study examined serum vitamin...

    Authors: Lilian Krist, Theresa Keller, Heiko Becher, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Martin Schlaud, Stefan N. Willich and Thomas Keil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:119

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a neglected zoonosis caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus, remains a public health issue in many developing countries that practice extensive sheep breedi...

    Authors: Séverine Thys, Hamid Sahibi, Sarah Gabriël, Tarik Rahali, Pierre Lefèvre, Abdelkbir Rhalem, Tanguy Marcotty, Marleen Boelaert and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:118

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Sexual behavior of HIV positive individuals visiting anti- retroviral clinics is a neglected issue. With access to anti-retroviral treatment, HIV positive individuals experience improved health and are able to...

    Authors: Wondimagegne Belay Tadesse and Abebaw Addis Gelagay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:113

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    In the United States, worksite wellness programs are more often offered by larger employers. The Massachusetts Working on Wellness (WoW) program is an innovative, statewide capacity-building model designed to ...

    Authors: Mari Ryan, Lisa Erck, Leslee McGovern, Kathleen McCabe, Kevin Myers, Suzanne Nobrega, Wenjun Li, Wen-Chieh Lin and Laura Punnett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:111

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Breast and cervical cancers constitute the most common cancers among women in sub-Saharan Africa. In Zimbabwe, cervical cancer accounts for more than a third of all cancers among women of African descent. Canc...

    Authors: Lovemore Makurirofa, Priscilla Mangwiro, Victoria James, Amos Milanzi, Junior Mavu, Michael Nyamuranga and Sydney Kamtauni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:109

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Intersectionality theory focuses on how one’s human experiences are constituted by mutually reinforcing interactions between different aspects of one’s identities, such as race, class, gender, and sexual orien...

    Authors: Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle and Carla J. Berg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:108

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Community based providers are well place to deliver behavioural interventions to improve health. Good project management and reliable outcome data are needed to efficiently deliver and evaluate such interventi...

    Authors: Linda Penn, Louis Goffe, Anna Haste and Suzanne Moffatt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:105

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Improving detection of elevated blood pressure (BP) remains a public health need. We present results from a Pop-Up health check stationed in shopping centres in England. We hypothesise the rate of case detecti...

    Authors: Laura A. Edwards, Peter Campbell, Deanna J. Taylor, Rakhee Shah, David F. Edgar and David P. Crabb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:42

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To improve prerequisites for better health development among children growing up in multicultural suburbs in Stockholm County, where poorer health is displayed in several aspects including child health, early ...

    Authors: Kirsi Tiitinen Mekhail, Lene Lindberg, Bo Burström and Anneli Marttila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:102

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A personalized mobile health intervention (iSTEP) aims to promote a Mediterranean diet and increase physical activity, thereby improving neurocognitive functioning among persons living with HIV (PLWH). This ar...

    Authors: Brook L. Henry, Elizabeth Quintana, David J. Moore, John Garcia and Jessica L. Montoya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:101

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Social prescribing enables health-care professionals to address non-medical causes of ill-health by harnessing the resources of the voluntary and community sectors in patient care. Although increasingly popula...

    Authors: Josephine M. Wildman, Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Kirsty Laing, Linda Penn and Nicola O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:98

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported data have consistently shown South Asians (SAs) to be less physically active than White Europeans (WEs) in developed countries, however objective data is lacking. Differences in sedentary time ha...

    Authors: Gregory J. H. Biddle, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Alex V. Rowlands, Melanie J. Davies, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Wendy Hardeman, Helen Eborall, Stephen Sutton, Simon Griffin, Kamlesh Khunti and Thomas Yates

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:95

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The growing number of sport-based youth development interventions provide a potential avenue for integrating sport meaningfully into the U.S. public health agenda. However, efficacy and quality must be reliabl...

    Authors: Meredith A. Whitley, William V. Massey, Martin Camiré, Mish Boutet and Amanda Borbee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:89

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Without social medical insurance in the destination areas and with low social integration, rural-to-urban migrants had barriers to health service in the destination areas, some of the migrants had to seek heal...

    Authors: Bo-li Peng and Li Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:86

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Daily behaviours such as active commuting to school (ACS) could be a source of physical activity, contributing to the improvement of youth cardiovascular health, however, the relationship between ACS and other...

    Authors: Emilio Villa-González, Francisco J. Huertas-Delgado, Palma Chillón, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez and Yaira Barranco-Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:85

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Bolivia are the highest in Latin America. Vaginal cell self-sampling can improve screening coverage. Information on common reasons for low screening coverage...

    Authors: Gustavo Allende, Pedro Surriabre, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Neli Ovando, Andrea Torrico, Pamela Calle, Carla Ascarrunz, Sophie Alexander, Michel Bossens, Véronique Fontaine and Patricia Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:80

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