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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviours, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behaviour and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The eastern and western regions of China are different in many ways such as socioeconomic characteristics and health resource distribution. This study aimed to explore the outpatient health-seeking behavior an...

    Authors: Minzhuo Huang, Hao Zhang, Yuxuan Gu, Jingming Wei, Shuyan Gu, Xuemei Zhen, Xiaoqian Hu, Xueshan Sun and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:967

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Smoking during pregnancy has adverse health consequences for the mother and fetus. E-cigarettes could aid with smoking cessation but there is limited research on the prevalence and patterns of e-cigarette use,...

    Authors: Shawn C. Chiang, Lorien C. Abroms, Sean D. Cleary, Ichhya Pant, Lindsay Doherty and Nandita Krishnan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:964

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To determine whether age is a barrier against acceptability of cervicovaginal self-sampling in screening for cervical cancer at two gynecology outpatient clinics.

    Authors: Noely Paula Cristina Lorenzi, Lara Termini, Adhemar Longatto Filho, Maricy Tacla, Lana Maria de Aguiar, Mariana Carmezim Beldi, Edson Santos Ferreira-Filho, Edmund Chada Baracat and José Maria Soares-Júnior

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:963

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A healthy diet is a key determinant of an individual’s health status and is closely related to mental health and quality of life (QoL); however, the exact nature of the relationship is unknown. This study hypo...

    Authors: Jo-Eun Lee, You Jin Kim, Hee Jung Park, Saejong Park, Hyesook Kim and Oran Kwon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:956

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Drowning is still the primary cause of death in children under 5 years old, however, little is known about the drowning of Hunan province children. This study identifies the previously unpublished incidence an...

    Authors: Zhiyu Liu, Fanjuan Kong, Lei Yin, Aihua Wang, Lili Xiong, Donghua Xie, Lizhang Chen and Xiaoqi Sheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:955

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Indigenous communities retain knowledge of the land and food resources rooted in historical continuity within their region of residence. Food systems research can be leveraged to identify strategies to encoura...

    Authors: Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Shauna Downs, Archna Singh, Santanu Paramanik, Gail Goldberg and Jessica Fanzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:944

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, bicycle injuries have increased, yet little is known about the impact of such injures on sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP). The aim was to explore SA and DP among individuals o...

    Authors: Linnea Kjeldgård, Maria Ohlin, Rasmus Elrud, Helena Stigson, Kristina Alexanderson and Emilie Friberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:943

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study is a secondary analysis of the trial by Callaghan et al. (2011), which reported higher antidepressant effects for preferred intensity (n = 19) vs. prescribed intensity (n = 19) exercise of three sessio...

    Authors: Ioannis D. Morres, Anton Hinton-Bayre, Efthymios Motakis, Tim Carter and Patrick Callaghan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:941

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Patterns of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior have important implications for child health. The purpose of the study was to describe the PA and sedentary behavior among Chinese children.

    Authors: Chao Song, Weiyan Gong, Caicui Ding, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Ganyu Feng, Zheng Chen and Ailing Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:936

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Interventions that promote health and wellbeing among young adults are needed. Such interventions, however, require measurement tools that support intervention planning, monitoring and evaluation. The primary ...

    Authors: Guy Faulkner, Subha Ramanathan and Matthew Kwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:935

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Creating inclusive and accessible outdoor environments that provide and encourage opportunities for older adults to engage in physical activity and social interaction is important for healthy ageing. The Senio...

    Authors: Pazit Levinger, Maya Panisset, Jeremy Dunn, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Frances Batchelor, Stuart Biddle, Gustavo Duque and Keith D Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:933

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  12. Content type: Research article

    While younger adults (15–49 years) form the majority of the population living with HIV, older adults (≥50 years) infected with HIV face multiple challenges related to the aging process and HIV. We explored the...

    Authors: Jepchirchir Kiplagat, Ann Mwangi, Charles Chasela and Susann Huschke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:929

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge and practices of sexual and reproductive healthcare is pivotal to the Safe Motherhood Initiative; however, only a few studies have investigated adolescent mothers’ knowledge of sexual and reproductiv...

    Authors: Desiree Govender, Saloshni Naidoo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:928

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In Eritrea, facility delivery rates show great discrepancy within urban centers. This study was conducted in Akordet, a multi-cultural lowland town of Gash-Barka Region, aiming at assessing the factors influen...

    Authors: Nahom Kiros Gebregziabher, Almaz Yemane Zeray, Yordanos Tewelde Abtew, Tsinat Debesay Kinfe and Dawit Teweldemedhin Abrha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:924

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Neighbourhood safety has repeatedly been shown to be associated with the health and well-being of the residents. Criminality is often seen as one of the key factors affecting neighbourhood safety. However, the...

    Authors: Polina Putrik, Ludovic van Amelsvoort, Suhreta Mujakovic, Anton E. Kunst, Hans van Oers, IJmert Kant, Maria W. Jansen and Nanne K. De Vries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:920

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Specialized, individualized exercise programs that increase self-efficacy (SE) are essential for the development and maintenance of regular exercise. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of cus...

    Authors: Takashi Wada, Hiromi Matsumoto and Hiroshi Hagino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:917

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy is effective in preventing the progression of HIV to AIDS, but adherence to HIV medication is lower than ideal. A previous Cochrane review concluded that SMS interventions increased adhe...

    Authors: Reshma Shah, Julie Watson and Caroline Free

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:915

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Delay to start antiretroviral therapy (ART) and nonadherence compromise the health and wellbeing of people living with HIV (PLWH), raise the cost of care and increase risk of transmission to sexual partners. T...

    Authors: R. Horne, E. Glendinning, K. King, T. Chalder, C. Sabin, A. S. Walker, L. J. Campbell, I. Mosweu, J. Anderson, S. Collins, R. Jopling, P. McCrone, H. Leake Date, S. Michie, M. Nelson, N. Perry…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:905

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol guidelines enable individuals to make informed choices about drinking and assist healthcare practitioners to identify and treat at-risk drinkers. The UK Low Risk Drinking Guidelines were revised in 2016 a...

    Authors: Philippa Case, Linda Ng Fat and Nicola Shelton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:902

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity improves overall health, and has the capacity to reduce risk of chronic diseases and death. However, better understanding of the relationship between multiple lifestyle risk behaviour...

    Authors: Jason Lacombe, Miranda E. G. Armstrong, F. Lucy Wright and Charlie Foster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:900

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate antibiotic use is implicated in antibiotic resistance and resultant morbidity and mortality. Overuse is particularly prevalent for outpatient respiratory infections, and perceived patient expecta...

    Authors: Valerie R. Burstein, Renee P. Trajano, Richard L. Kravitz, Robert A. Bell, Darshan Vora and Larissa S. May

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:899

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  22. Content type: Research article

    HIV diagnosis is a critical step in linking HIV-infected individuals to care and treatment and linking HIV-uninfected persons to prevention services. However, the uptake of HIV testing remains low in many coun...

    Authors: Limakatso Lebina, Ntombexolo Seatlholo, Noah Taruberekera, Mopo Radebe, Anthony Kinghorn, Tessa Meyer, Miriam Mhazo, Kennedy Otwombe, Khuthadzo Hlongwane, Ashley Ringane, Nthabiseng Koloane, Mbali Nkuta, Nkhensani Nkhwashu, Thato Farirai, Patience Kweza, Thato Chidarikire…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:898

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  23. Content type: Research article

    While gender-based violence (GBV) has been shown to increase women’s risk of HIV acquisition, the role of GBV in the HIV testing to care continuum is less clear. Clarifying how GBV may act as a barrier to acce...

    Authors: Anna M. Leddy, Ellen Weiss, Eileen Yam and Julie Pulerwitz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:897

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Small island Caribbean countries such as Jamaica are now facing an epidemic of obesity and decreased physical activity (PA) levels. Public parks have been shown to be important resources for PA that also provi...

    Authors: Colette A. Cunningham-Myrie, Tamika Y. N. Royal-Thomas, Althea E. Bailey, Jeanette Gustat, Katherine P. Theall, Joy E. Harrison and Marvin E. Reid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:894

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Mobilising non-professional health workers has been successful in improving community health, but the effectiveness of an education program targeting youths in a community-based approach remains unclear. The o...

    Authors: Nadeeka Chandraratne, Miwa Yamaguchi, Susantha Indrawansa, Nalika Gunawardena, Keisuke Kuwahara, Zobida Islam, Yohei Kawasaki, Tetsuya Mizoue and Diyanath Samarasinghe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:893

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Few population-based studies of Arab American health behaviors and outcomes exist outside of Michigan. We aimed to provide prevalence estimates of health behaviors and outcomes for Arab Americans and compare t...

    Authors: Nadia N. Abuelezam, Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed and Sandro Galea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:892

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women are at increased risk of influenza-related complications. The World Health Organisation recommends influenza vaccination to this high-risk population as highest priority. However, achieving high...

    Authors: Vittoria Offeddu, Clarence C. Tam, Tze Tein Yong, Lay Kok Tan, Koh Cheng Thoon, Nicole Lee, Thiam Chye Tan, George S. H. Yeo and Chee Fu Yung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:890

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Data on adolescents’ physical activity and determinants are scarce in Nepal. In this study, we aim to assess the level of physical activity, its correlates and the sedentary behavior of high school students in...

    Authors: Kiran Thapa, Parash Mani Bhandari, Dipika Neupane, Shristi Bhochhibhoya, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa and Ramjee Prasad Pathak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:886

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    The implementation of interventions at-scale is required to maximise population health benefits. ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone (PA4E1)’ was a multi-component school-based program targeting adolescents attendin...

    Authors: Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Campbell, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Karen Gillham, Chris Oldmeadow, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Mandy Williams, Nicole Evans, Andrew Bailey, Ross Morrison, Matthew McLaughlin and John Wiggers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:883

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Personal mobility devices (PMDs) like skate-scooters, electric bicycles (e-bikes) or motorised scooters (e-scooters) have become widely available globally. There are several studies describing the rising incid...

    Authors: Aidan Lyanzhiang Tan, Nivedita Nadkarni and Ting Hway Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:880

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  31. Content type: Research article

    High population levels of sitting is contributing to high rates of chronic health problems. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the sitting time messages with the greatest potential to reduce sitt...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Alley, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J. Duncan, Camille E. Short, Jaclyn P. Maher, Stephanie Schoeppe and Amanda L. Rebar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:871

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco control intervention with Chinese internal migrants, especially those working in factories has rarely been investigated. This study aims to identify aids and barriers to implementing a comprehensive pi...

    Authors: Guanyang Zou, Xiaolin Wei, Simin Deng, Jia Yin and Li Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:870

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Several jurisdictions in the US and abroad limit the minimum number of cigars that can be sold per package. Research has not evaluated whether small packages might result in cigar use initiation, or whether ad...

    Authors: Alexander Persoskie, Erin Keely O’Brien, Elisabeth A. Donaldson, Jennifer Pearson, Kelvin Choi, Annette Kaufman, Cassandra A. Stanton and Cristine D. Delnevo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:868

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There are arguments for and against the wellbeing effects of internet use, with evidence shifting from negative to positive over time, although the effects are partly dependent upon the population sub-group co...

    Authors: Ade Kearns and Elise Whitley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:860

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that older men use health services less frequently than women do. However, there has been little scientific research on this subject, making it necessary to investigate the influence of vari...

    Authors: Alana Maiara Brito Bibiano, Vanessa de Lima Silva and Rafael da Silveira Moreira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:859

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  36. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that there are educational inequalities in incidences of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Unlike most preceding studies, this study examined this issue using a hazards model analysis, with sp...

    Authors: Takashi Oshio and Mari Kan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:852

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in Cape Verde is unstable, with a sporadic and seasonal transmission of low endemicity. In this sense, the community perceptions regarding malaria transmission, their attitudes and practices against th...

    Authors: Adilson José DePina, Abdoulaye Kane Dia, Antonieta de Ascenção Soares Martins, Maria Celina Ferreira, António Lima Moreira, Silvania Veiga Leal, Cecílio Mendes Pires, Jaelsa Mira Gomes Moreira, Maria Filomena Tavares, Aires Januário Fernandes da Moura, José Manuel Pereira, Ousmane Faye, Ibrahima Seck and El Hadji Amadou Niang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:850

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity prevalence continues to be at high levels in the United Kingdom (UK). South Asian children (mainly Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin) with excess adiposity are at particular risk from the card...

    Authors: Miranda Pallan, Tania Griffin, Kiya Hurley, Emma Lancashire, Jacqueline Blissett, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Laura Griffith, Kate Jolly, Eleanor McGee, Jayne Parry, Janice L. Thompson and Peymane Adab

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:848

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Many children do not meet the recommended level of daily physical activity, even with the widely acknowledged health benefits associated with being physically active. There is a need to establish factors relat...

    Authors: Laura Tinner, Ruth Kipping, James White, Russell Jago, Chris Metcalfe and William Hollingworth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:846

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Our objective was to determine the influence of the HealtheSteps™ lifestyle prescription program on physical activity and modifiable risk factors for chronic disease in individuals at risk.

    Authors: D. P. Gill, W. Blunt, N. C. Boa Sorte Silva, C. Stiller-Moldovan, G. Y. Zou and R. J. Petrella

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:841

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Commissioning and monitoring of community-based interventions is a challenge due to the complex nature of the environment and the lack of any explicit cut-offs to guide decision making. At what point, for exam...

    Authors: M. Bryant, N. Dharni, J. Dickerson, K. Willan, R. McEachan, J. Duffy and M. Howell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:835

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  42. Content type: Research article

    There has been an overall decreasing trend in the inflow into disability pension in Switzerland since 2003 with the exception of young adults. Disablement in young adulthood reflects a particularly critical ph...

    Authors: Szilvia Altwicker-Hámori and Julia Dratva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:831

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  43. Content type: Research article

    ‘Pop-up’ warning messages have potential as a Responsible Gambling tool, but many warning messages in the literature are generic. The present study simulated digital roulette to compare the effectiveness of ex...

    Authors: Paul McGivern, Zaheer Hussain, Sigrid Lipka and Edward Stupple

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:822

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking is a main cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Many young adults begin smoking in the military, with smoking rates higher among soldiers than in the general population. Among other h...

    Authors: Dov Bary-Weisberg, Marina Meltser, Maya Oberman, Avital Pato Benari, Yael Bar-Zeev, Sarit Shalev, Carla J. Berg, Lorien C. Abroms and Hagai Levine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:715

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