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Health behavior, health promotion and society

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Adolescent pregnancy in Uganda declined from 31% in 2000–01 to 25% in 2006 but thereafter stalled at 25% from 2006 to 2016. This paper investigates the factors associated with the recent stall in the rate of d...

    Authors: Catherine Mbabazi, Alexander Kintu, John Bosco Asiimwe, John S. Ssekamatte, Iqbal Shah and David Canning

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1875

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Previous studies have shown positive association between health behavior and life satisfaction, but the studies have mostly been cross-sectional, had follow-up times up to 5 years or focused on only one health...

    Authors: Säde Stenlund, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lauri Sillanmäki, Hanna Lagström, Päivi Rautava and Sakari Suominen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1815

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Physical activity is central to chronic disease prevention. Low resource mothers face structural barriers preventing them from increasing their physical activity to reduce their chronic disease risk. We co-des...

    Authors: Lauren C. Houghton, Marley P. Gibbons, Jeanette Shekelle, Ingrid Oakley-Girvan, Jessica L. Watterson, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Cheryl Jones and Kajal Gokal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1805

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Type 2 diabetes can negatively impact long term health outcomes, healthcare costs and quality of life. However, intensive lifestyle interventions, including the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), can significa...

    Authors: Maryam Gholami, Nicholas J. Jackson, Un Young Rebecca Chung, O. Kenrik Duru, Kelly Shedd, Samantha Soetenga, Tamara Loeb, David Elashoff, Alison B. Hamilton, Carol M. Mangione, Wendelin Slusser and Tannaz Moin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1775

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Sleep is essential for child and adolescent health and well-being. There is an increasing interest in whether electronic media use affects children and young adolescents’ sleep. Prior reviews have focused on a...

    Authors: Lisbeth Lund, Ida Nielsen Sølvhøj, Dina Danielsen and Susan Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1598

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Health disparities are pervasive and are linked to economic losses in the United States of up to $135 billion per year. The Flint Center for Health Equity Solutions (FCHES) is a Transdisciplinary Collaborative...

    Authors: Cristian I. Meghea, Barrett Wallace Montgomery, Roni Ellington, Ling Wang, Clara Barajas, E. Yvonne Lewis, Sheridan T. Yeary, Laurie A. Van Egeren and Debra Furr-Holden

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1774

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in public health and policy measures to reduce in-person contact and the transmission of the virus. These measures impacted daily life and mental well-being (MWB). The aims of th...

    Authors: Amanda S. Gilbert, Laurel Schmidt, Alan Beck, Maura M. Kepper, Stephanie Mazzucca and Amy Eyler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1770

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Various factors motivate people to undertake treatment for obesity. Among others they include health benefits, willingness to please others, and dissatisfaction with one’s appearance. The present study aimed t...

    Authors: Wojciech Gruszka, Aleksander J. Owczarek, Mateusz Glinianowicz, Monika Bąk-Sosnowska, Jerzy Chudek and Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1754

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Providing care for patients with dementia can negatively influence the physical health and health behaviours of family caregivers. A better understanding of the factors associated with health check-up and canc...

    Authors: Bomgyeol Kim, Yejin Lee, Jin-Won Noh and Tae Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1753

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Childhood unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for children. Despite the risk factors that lead to the occurrence of injuries have been identified, the relationship between cumu...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Fengxin Bai, Hongling Song, Jun Yang, Xinlong Wang, Qingfang Ye and Yuqiu Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1730

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Outdoor play, sedentary behavior (SB), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are related to youth’s health, however, there are research gaps regarding 1) associations between outdoor play, SB, and ...

    Authors: Carina Nigg, Claudia Niessner, Claudio R. Nigg, Doris Oriwol, Steffen C. E. Schmidt and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1716

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Older patients are at high risk of unplanned revisits to the emergency department (ED) because of their medical complexity. To reduce the number of ED visits, we need more knowledge about the patient-level, en...

    Authors: Daisy Kolk, Anton F. Kruiswijk, Janet L. MacNeil-Vroomen, Milan L. Ridderikhof and Bianca M. Buurman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  13. South Africa has the world’s largest HIV epidemic, but South African adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) acquire HIV at twice the rate of and seroconvert on average 5–7 years earlier than their male peers....

    Authors: Geri R. Donenberg, Millicent Atujuna, Katherine G. Merrill, Erin Emerson, Sheily Ndwayana, Dara Blachman-Demner and Linda Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1708

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Self-control (SC) has been consistently found associated with diverse health risk behaviors (HRBs), but little research refers to low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, there is evidence that some HRBs...

    Authors: Roberta Corradi Astolfi, Maria Alvim Leite, Cassio Henrique Gomide Papa, Marcelo Ryngelblum, Manuel Eisner and Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1706

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The engagement of schools in malaria control is an emerging strategy. Little is known about the involvement of students in the development of malaria messages. This study evaluated the message content of prima...

    Authors: Yohannes Kebede, Abdu Hayder, Kasahun Girma, Fira Abamecha, Guda Alemayehu, Lakew Abebe, Morankar Sudhakar and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1688

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among young adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is still a major public health challenge. Early school-based sexuality education programs and sexual health in...

    Authors: Ruby Doryn Mcharo, Philippe Mayaud and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1683

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Polygyny occurs when a man has more than one wife at the same time. It often contributes to poor health among family members, particularly young children. It encourages the spread of sexually transmitted infec...

    Authors: Yitayish Damtie, Bereket Kefale, Melaku Yalew, Mastewal Arefaynie and Bezawit Adane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1677

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is a promising dietary target for childhood obesity prevention. This paper describes the design and methods of a cluster randomized trial of H2GO!, a youth empo...

    Authors: Monica L. Wang, Linda S. Sprague Martinez, Janice Weinberg, Selenne Alatorre, Stephenie C. Lemon and Milagros C. Rosal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1675

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. The long-term growth and sustained high prevalence of obesity in the US is likely to increase the burden of Type 2 diabetes. Hispanic individuals are particularly burdened by a larger share of diabetes than no...

    Authors: Matthew Lee Smith, Lixian Zhong, Shinduk Lee, Samuel D. Towne Jr and Marcia G. Ory

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1646

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Given the increasing rates of childhood obesity in Alaska Native children and the understanding that the most effective interventions are informed by and reflect the cultural knowledge of the community in whic...

    Authors: Amanda K. Walch, Kathryn A. Ohle, Kathryn R. Koller, Lucinda Alexie, Flora Sapp, Timothy K. Thomas and Andrea Bersamin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1645

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Within-household transmission of Covid-19 is responsible for a significant number of infections. Efforts to protect at risk communities are needed. This study explored the acceptability of offering accommodati...

    Authors: Sarah Denford, Kate Morton, Jeremy Horwood, Rachel de Garang and Lucy Yardley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1641

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The use of electronic media is widespread among young people and is a potential tool for the perpetration of intimate-partner violence (IPV) towards women. The aim of this study is to validate two questions fo...

    Authors: Lucía Hernández García, Myrian Pichiule Castañeda, Luisa Lasheras Lozano, Marisa Pires Alcaide, María Ordobás Gavín and Ana Gandarillas Grande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1639

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hot weather leads to increased illness and deaths. The Heatwave Plan for England (HWP) aims to protect the population by raising awareness of the dangers of hot weather, especially for those most vulnerable. I...

    Authors: Bob Erens, Lorraine Williams, Josephine Exley, Stefanie Ettelt, Tommaso Manacorda, Shakoor Hajat and Nicholas Mays

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1631

    Content type: Research article

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  24. IMPROVE aims to conduct a hybrid type 3 evaluation design to test the effectiveness of bundled implementation strategies on intervention fidelity of the Healthy School Start (HSS) program, while simultaneously...

    Authors: Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Camilla A. Wiklund, Åsa Norman, Nouha Saleh Stattin, Susanne Andermo, Emma Patterson, Erik Hemmingsson, Clayton Cook, Sara Raposo and Lydia Kwak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1630

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Non-communicable diseases are a leading cause of health loss worldwide, in part due to unhealthy lifestyles. Metabolic-based diseases are rising with an unhealthy body-mass index (BMI) in rural areas as the ma...

    Authors: Anabela Marisa Azul, Ricardo Almendra, Marta Quatorze, Adriana Loureiro, Flávio Reis, Rui Tavares, Anabela Mota-Pinto, António Cunha, Luís Rama, João Oliveira Malva, Paula Santana and João Ramalho-Santos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1628

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Repeat abortion is a significant public health problem in China. International knowledge about repeat abortion and its associated factors in Chinese women is scarce. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence ...

    Authors: Chen Li, Jianmin Gao and Jinlin Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1626

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adolescent multiple risk behaviour (MRB) is associated with negative outcomes such as police arrests, unemployment and premature mortality and morbidity. What is unknown is whether MRB is associated with socio...

    Authors: Laura Tinner, Caroline Wright, Jon Heron, Deborah Caldwell, Rona Campbell and Matthew Hickman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1614

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1777

  28. Due to the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), the Belgian government set out a range of measures to prevent the spread of the virus. One measure included closing all non-food shops, including vape shops.

    Authors: Karolien Adriaens, Dinska Van Gucht, Sven Van Lommel and Frank Baeyens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1613

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Neighborhood social cohesion (NSC) is the network of relationships as well as the shared values and norms of residents in a neighborhood. Higher NSC has been associated with improved cardiovascular health, lar...

    Authors: Andrew M. Rosenblatt, Deidra C. Crews, Neil R. Powe, Alan B. Zonderman, Michele K. Evans and Delphine S. Tuot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1611

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Oral and dental health has a significant impact on public health as well as the quality of life among individuals and families. This study aims to design, implement, and evaluate an intervention based on the P...

    Authors: Mohtasham Ghaffari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Mohammad Asadpour, Mostafa Nasirzadeh and Leili Mazar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1609

    Content type: Research article

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  31. National health campaigns are often used to improve lifestyle behaviors in the general population. However, evidence specifically in the young adult population is scarce. Given the general deterioration of hea...

    Authors: Yong Zhi Khow, Talia Li Yin Lim, Jarret Shoon Phing Ng, Jiaxuan Wu, Chuen Seng Tan, Kee Seng Chia, Nan Luo and Wei Jie Seow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1601

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Interoception is mental awareness, recognition and acknowledgement of physiological body signals. Understanding the role of sleep and interoception may provide a better understanding surrounding the sleep-heal...

    Authors: Teresa Arora, Mariapaola Barbato, Shaikha Al Hemeiri, Omar M. Omar and Maryam A. AlJassmi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Vitamin A supplementation reduces child morbidity, mortality, and blindness of people, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. This study explores significant determinants of vitamin A deficiency a...

    Authors: Md. Moyazzem Hossain, Sabina Yeasmin, Faruq Abdulla and Azizur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1569

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Among U.S. adults with physician-diagnosed arthritis, we examined the association of 1) participant race/ethnicity with meeting physical activity guidelines and arthritis symptoms, and 2) the association of re...

    Authors: Jeremy Huckleby, Faustine Williams, Rose Ramos and Anna María Nápoles

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1564

    Content type: Research article

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  35. African American adults suffer disproportionately from obesity-related chronic diseases, particularly at younger ages. In order to close the gap in these health disparities, efforts to develop and test cultura...

    Authors: Kelly N. B. Palmer, Patrick S. Rivers, Forest L. Melton, D. Jean McClelland, Jennifer Hatcher, David G. Marrero, Cynthia A. Thomson and David O. Garcia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1553

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Detailed qualitative information regarding Indigenous populations’ health-seeking behaviours within Peru’s plural healthcare system is lacking. Such context-specific information is prerequisite to developing e...

    Authors: Alejandra Bussalleu, Pedro Pizango, Nia King, James Ford, I. H. A. C. C. Research Team and Sherilee L. Harper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1552

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Uptake of services to treat newborns and children has been persistently low in Ethiopia, despite being provided free-of-charge by Health Extension Workers (HEWs). In order to increase the uptake of these servi...

    Authors: Birkety Mengistu, Meron Paulos, Nesibu Agonafir, Agazi Ameha, Hailemariam Legesse, Elizabeth Dankenbring, Mariame Sylla and Nathan P. Miller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1551

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of the study was to increase understanding of the variation in parental perceptions of their roles and responsibilities in relation to children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviours.

    Authors: Susanne Andermo, Helena Rydberg and Åsa Norman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1550

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Limited resources make prevention of complex population-level issues such as obesity increasingly challenging. Collaboration and partnerships between organisations operating in the same system can assist, howe...

    Authors: Krysten Blackford, Justine E. Leavy, Abbie-Clare Vidler, Dan Chamberlain, Christina Pollard, Therese Riley, Megan Milligan and Jonine Jancey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1542

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Addressing the global threats to population and planetary health requires changing many behaviours at scale. This demands consideration not only of the effect size of an intervention but also its reach – the p...

    Authors: Theresa M. Marteau, Paul C. Fletcher, Marcus R. Munafò and Gareth J. Hollands

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1531

    Content type: Commentary

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  41. Healthy behavior is an essential component in type 2 diabetes (T2D) management. Promoting healthy lifestyle is one of the priorities of primary health care in Oman. This study aims to evaluate the effectivenes...

    Authors: Thamra Al Ghafri, Huda Anwar, Eiman Al Hinai, Thuraya Al Harthi, Fathiya Al Jufaili, Reyadh Al Siyabi, Shamsa Al Harthi, Said Al Hasani, Mohammed Al Harthi and Saud Al Harthi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1529

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The emerging adulthood is traditionally viewed as a time of optimal health, but also as a critical life span, characterized by changing life circumstances and the establishment of an individual lifestyle. Espe...

    Authors: Martin Lange, Alexandra Löwe, Gerrit Stassen and Andrea Schaller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1523

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. The COVID-19 outbreak holds public health concerns. The stay-at-home increases sedentary behavior, with unintended adverse outcomes. Since organized recreation and sports facilities were closed, we aimed to st...

    Authors: Horesh Dor-Haim, Sara Katzburg, Polla Revach, Hagai Levine and Sharon Barak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1521

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Detection of the seasonal patterns of healthy and unhealthy behavior could be helpful for designing individual and population health interventions programs. This study investigates the seasonal variation in sa...

    Authors: Mikołaj Kamiński, Matylda Kręgielska-Narożna and Paweł Bogdański

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1516

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Evidences suggest that early processed food (PF) consumption may cause harm to infant health. During the first 6 months of life, it is not known whether the timing and quantity of this food group can impact br...

    Authors: Renata Oliveira Neves, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Leandro Meirelles Nunes, Clécio Homrich da Silva, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1512

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Psychoactive substance use is a public health challenge among young people in informal settlements. Though rarely examined, psychoactive substance use is linked to sexual expectancies and inhibitions, and cons...

    Authors: Tonny Ssekamatte, Simon P. S. Kibira, Moses Tetui, John Bosco Isunju, Richard K. Mugambe, Solomon Tsebeni Wafula, Esther Buregyeya, Christine Kayemba Nalwadda, Justine Nnakate Bukenya and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1506

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer affecting women worldwide, with 85% of the burden estimated to occur among women in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Recent developments in cervical can...

    Authors: Hawa Camara, Ye Zhang, Lise Lafferty, Andrew J. Vallely, Rebecca Guy and Angela Kelly-Hanku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1503

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced governments around the world to impose strict hygiene and national lockdown measures, which in turn has changed the dietary and lifestyle habits of the world’s population. Thus...

    Authors: Manar Abduljalil Bakhsh, Jomana Khawandanah, Rouba Khalil Naaman and Shoug Alashmali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1487

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Pregnancy can affect the amount of physical activity that women engage in, so ensuring adequate physical activity in pregnant women can be a challenge. Therefore, there is a need to explore and identify barrie...

    Authors: Leila Amiri-Farahani, Katayon Ahmadi, Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady and Sally Pezaro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1483

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Substance use significantly impacts health and healthcare of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), especially their ability to remain in hospital following admission. Supervised injection services (SIS) reduce ...

    Authors: Katherine Rudzinski, Jessica Xavier, Adrian Guta, Soo Chan Carusone, Kenneth King, J. Craig Phillips, Sarah Switzer, Bill O’Leary, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Scott Harrison, Karen de Prinse, Joanne Simons and Carol Strike

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1482

    Content type: Research article

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