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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviours, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behaviour and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    China is experiencing a sizeable rural-urban flow, which may influence the health of internal migrant youth deeply. Disadvantages in the city are highly likely to contribute to health issues among the young in...

    Authors: Chunyan Yu, Chaohua Lou, Yan Cheng, Yuanqi Cui, Qiguo Lian, Ziliang Wang, Ersheng Gao and Ling Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:336

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Active play and physical activity are important for preventing childhood obesity, building healthy bones and muscles, reducing anxiety and stress, and increasing self-esteem. Unfortunately, safe and accessible...

    Authors: M. Renée Umstattd Meyer, Christina N. Bridges, Thomas L. Schmid, Amelie A. Hecht and Keshia M. Pollack Porter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:335

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic homelessness is a problem characterised by longstanding inability to attain or maintain secure accommodation. Longitudinal research with homeless populations is challenging, and randomised controlled t...

    Authors: Shannen Vallesi, Paul Flatau, Monica Thielking, Jessica L. Mackelprang, Kathryn M. Taylor, Louise La Sala, Jude Spiers, Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Darja Kragt, Leanne Lester, Elizabeth Whittaker and Ryan J. Courtney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:334

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A significant proportion of international students at UK universities are from regions with medium to high hepatitis B prevalence rates. Understanding the perception of students regarding hepatitis B infection...

    Authors: Emma L. Davies, Shona Fielding, Gillian Noble and Emmanuel Okpo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:332

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Sub-health status is defined as declines in vitality, physiological function and capacity for adaptation, but without the presence of clinical or sub-clinical disease. We have developed and evaluated a compreh...

    Authors: Jian-lu Bi, Jing Chen, Xiao-min Sun, Xiao-li Nie, Yan-yan Liu, Ren Luo and Xiao-shan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:330

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Based on government estimates from the Asian Epidemic Model, new infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Thailand are forecast to proportionally increase over time. Dail...

    Authors: Pich Seekaew, Ezie Nguyen, Thanthip Sungsing, Jureeporn Jantarapakde, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Deondara Trachunthong, Pravit Mingkwanrungruang, Waraporn Sirisakyot, Pattareeya Phiayura, Phubet Panpet, Phathranis Meekrua, Nanthika Praweprai, Fonthip Suwan, Supakarn Sangtong, Pornpichit Brutrat, Tashada Wongsri…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:328

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Globally, the prevalence of HIV among transgender women is much higher than that of the general adult population. This can be explained by the persistently low rate of consistent condom use among this populati...

    Authors: Siyan Yi, Amelia Plant, Sovannary Tuot, Phalkun Mun, Srean Chhim, Navy Chann, Pheak Chhoun and Carinne Brody

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:326

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Ethnic discrimination is a relatively common experience among immigrants and ethnic minorities. The experience of discrimination can have detrimental effects on an individual’s health and well-being. This stud...

    Authors: Melanie Lindsay Straiton, Arild Kjell Aambø and Rune Johansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:325

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity has been observed repeatedly to decline as children transition into adolescence; however, few studies have explored the possibility that sub-groups of children experience unique patterns of c...

    Authors: Russell R. Pate, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Marsha Dowda and Kerry L. McIver

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:323

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The link between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cervical cancer is of particular concern in Botswana, where one in four women at risk for cervical cancer is HIV-positive. In settings where co-occurrenc...

    Authors: Francis Barchi, Samantha C. Winter, Faith Mompati Ketshogile and Doreen Ramogola-Masire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:318

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Understanding sexual activity is necessary to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa suggests that 10–20% of youth aged 15–24 are sexually active before reaching 15 years, ye...

    Authors: Hilton Humphries, Farzana Osman, Lucia Knight and Quarraisha Abdool Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:317

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In Sweden, organized screening programs have significantly reduced the incidence of cervical cancer. For cancers overall, however, women with psychiatric diagnoses have lower survival rates than other women. T...

    Authors: Erik M. Eriksson, Malena Lau, Claes Jönsson, Chenyang Zhang, Lise-Lotte Risö Bergerlind, Junmei Miao Jonasson and Björn Strander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:313

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Around 585,000 people in Denmark engage in harmful use of alcohol with 140,000 suffering from outright alcohol dependence. The concerned significant others (CSOs) are affected by the drinking, often suffering ...

    Authors: Rikke Hellum, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Gallus Bischof, Kjeld Andersen, Morten Hesse, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm and Randi Bilberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:307

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Focus on interventions for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa on education, quality of life (QoL) and nutrition-related matters have been reported diminutive. The risk of dropping out of sch...

    Authors: Temitope Kayode Bello and Jace Pillay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:306

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    After the first six months of exclusive breastfeeding, children are introduced to liquids and semi-solid food, known as the complementary feeding phase. This phase is critical because it is often accompanied b...

    Authors: Aria Kekalih, Indriani Oka Anak Agung Sagung, Umi Fahmida, Evi Ermayani and Muchtaruddin Mansyur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:305

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge about the health effects of e-cigarette use (or vaping) among past and current combustible cigarette users is limited. Several studies have assessed vaping-related adverse events (AEs) and beneficial...

    Authors: Lilla Abafalvi, Melinda Pénzes, Róbert Urbán, Kristie L. Foley, Réka Kaán, Barbara Kispélyi and Péter Hermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:302

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing evidence base for the need for a holistic approach to sexual health improvement, but the challenges for realising this in the ‘real world’ may be harder in some communities than others. We e...

    Authors: Lisa McDaid, Kate Hunt, Lesley McMillan, Siân Russell, Dona Milne, Rosie Ilett and Karen Lorimer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:299

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a disproportionate burden of HIV infection. Mobile phone apps provide a promising means of improving HIV prevention among MSM. But this has received little examination in C...

    Authors: Aidi Zhang, Nancy R. Reynolds, Jason E. Farley, Xiao Wang, Simin Tan and Jin Yan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:297

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of childhood obesity is a public health priority. Interventions that establish healthy growth trajectories early in life promise lifelong benefits to health and wellbeing. Proactive Assessment of Ob...

    Authors: Jennie Rose, Cris Glazebrook, Heather Wharrad, A. Niroshan Siriwardena, Judy Anne Swift, Dilip Nathan, Stephen Franklin Weng, Pippa Atkinson, Joanne Ablewhite, Fiona McMaster, Vicki Watson and Sarah Anne Redsell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:294

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  20. Content type: Research article

    It is hypothesised that hostility accentuates the association between stressful conditions and health. This study aims to test this hypothesis by analysing the joint effect of unemployment and hostility on all...

    Authors: Margit Kriegbaum, Rikke Lund, Lone Schmidt, Naja Hulvej Rod and Ulla Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:293

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Call agents spend ~ 90% of their working day seated, which may negatively impact health, productivity, and wellbeing. This study aimed to explore the acceptability and feasibility of a multi-component workplac...

    Authors: Abigail S. Morris, Rebecca C. Murphy, Sam O. Shepherd, Genevieve N. Healy, Charlotte L. Edwardson and Lee E. F. Graves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:292

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents face many problems due to risky behavior. As a result, they require special consideration through the administration of health education and reproductive health services. However the utilization of...

    Authors: Fajrin Violita and Ella Nurlaela Hadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:286

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Cancer survival is lower in socioeconomically deprived communities, partly due to low awareness of symptoms, negative beliefs and delayed help-seeking. We developed an interactive health check questionnaire fa...

    Authors: Yvonne Moriarty, Julia Townson, Harriet Quinn-Scoggins, Louise Padgett, Sioned Owen, Stephanie Smits, Rebecca Playle, Polyxeni Dimitropoulou, Bernadette Sewell, Vasiliki Kolovou, Peter Buckle, Ben Carter, Adrian Edwards, Julie Hepburn, Maura Matthews, Caroline Mitchell…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:285

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  24. Content type: Research article

    While supervised injection services (SIS) feasibility research has been conducted in large urban centres across North America, it is unknown whether these services are acceptable among people who inject drugs ...

    Authors: Sanjana Mitra, Beth Rachlis, Bonnie Krysowaty, Zack Marshall, Cynthia Olsen, Sean Rourke and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:284

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Smartphones are increasingly available and some high quality apps are available for smoking cessation. However, the cost-effectiveness of promoting such apps has never been studied. We therefore aimed to estim...

    Authors: Nhung Nghiem, William Leung, Christine Cleghorn, Tony Blakely and Nick Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:283

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in toddlers are needed to minimize health inequalities, especially in migration and lower socio-economic groups. Preschools are identified as important environme...

    Authors: Nicole Toussaint, Martinette T. Streppel, Sandra Mul, Anita Schreurs, Marielle Balledux, Karen van Drongelen, Mirka Janssen, Ruben G. Fukkink and Peter J. M. Weijs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:278

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Early care and education (ECE) centers are important for combating childhood obesity. Understanding policies and practices of ECE centers is necessary for promotion of healthy behaviors. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Courtney E. Byrd-Williams, Erin E. Dooley, Christina A. Thi, Cari Browning and Deanna M. Hoelscher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:274

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Mobile health, mHealth is recognized as a strategy to improve lifestyle behaviors. Research targeting specific lifestyle behaviors has shown that interventions using smartphones can be effective. However, few ...

    Authors: Stephanie E. Bonn, Marie Löf, Claes-Göran Östenson and Ylva Trolle Lagerros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:273

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, researchers have begun applying a trajectory approach to identify homogeneous subgroups of physical activity (PA) in heterogeneous populations. This study systematically reviewed the articles ...

    Authors: Irinja Lounassalo, Kasper Salin, Anna Kankaanpää, Mirja Hirvensalo, Sanna Palomäki, Asko Tolvanen, Xiaolin Yang and Tuija H. Tammelin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:271

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Attracted by the expected benefits such as reduced absenteeism and increased productivity, more and more firms decide to implement workplace health promotion programs (WHPPs). However, those programs can only ...

    Authors: Liesa Marie Lier, Christoph Breuer and Sören Dallmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:268

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking is a major health risk, particularly in male South Koreans. Smoking cessation can benefit health; however, the process of quitting smoking is difficult to some smokers and shows its relations...

    Authors: Seong-Jun Kim, Wonjeong Chae, Woo-Hyun Park, Min-Ho Park, Eun-Cheol Park and Sung-In Jang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:267

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Physically inactive and sedentary lifestyles are negatively related to both mental health and cognition. For office-workers, who spend two-thirds of their workday sitting, it is important to improve these life...

    Authors: Carla F. J. Nooijen, Victoria Blom, Örjan Ekblom, Maria M. Ekblom and Lena V. Kallings

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:266

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A growing literature supports the contention that closing the divide between dental and medical care can improve access to and coordination of patient care. Health service deficits (HSDs) entail: no routine me...

    Authors: M. Nawal Lutfiyya, Andrew J. Gross, Burke Soffe and Martin S. Lipsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:265

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Diabetes prevalence is rapidly increasing, with type 2 diabetes predicted to be the leading contributor of non-communicable disease in Australia by 2020. It is anticipated that rates of type 2 diabetes will co...

    Authors: Karen Waller, Susan Furber, Adrian Bauman, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Paul van den Dolder, Alison Hayes, Franca Facci, Lisa Franco, Alison Webb, Robert Moses and Stephen Colagiuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:262

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  35. Content type: Research article

    While promoting active commuting to school can positively affect children’s daily physical activity levels, effectively engaging community members to maximize program impact remains challenging. We evaluated t...

    Authors: Nicole M. Rodriguez, Alisa Arce, Alice Kawaguchi, Jenna Hua, Bonnie Broderick, Sandra J. Winter and Abby C. King

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:256

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    The StopDia study is based on the convincing scientific evidence that type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its comorbidities can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. The need for additional research is based on the fact ...

    Authors: Jussi Pihlajamäki, Reija Männikkö, Tanja Tilles-Tirkkonen, Leila Karhunen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Ursula Schwab, Niina Lintu, Jussi Paananen, Riia Järvenpää, Marja Harjumaa, Janne Martikainen, Johanna Kohl, Kaisa Poutanen, Miikka Ermes, Pilvikki Absetz, Jaana Lindström…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:255

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Limited evidence exists for intergenerational interventions to promote health and well-being in older adults and preschool children. We therefore aimed to evaluate the implementation, feasibility and outcome o...

    Authors: Erika Mosor, Karin Waldherr, Ingvild Kjeken, Maisa Omara, Valentin Ritschl, Veronika Pinter-Theiss, Josef Smolen, Ursula Hübel and Tanja Stamm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:254

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The dramatic increase in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among undergraduate students in China, especially among the male students, is alarming. This study aimed to describe sexual attitudes and b...

    Authors: Hehua Xu, Jiaying Xie, Zhizi Xiao, Hong Xiao, Xianhong Li, Lloyd Goldsamt, Ann Bartley Williams and Honghong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:250

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    High healthcare expenditures due to population ageing and chronic complex health complaints are a challenge on a global scale. To improve the quality of healthcare, population health, and professionals’ work s...

    Authors: Sanneke J. M. Grootjans, M. M. N. Stijnen, M. E. A. L. Kroese, A. J. M. Vermeer, D. Ruwaard and M. W. J. Jansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:248

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is an underutilized cancer control practice in the United States. Although individual contextual factors are known to impact HPV vaccine coverage rates, the impact of mac...

    Authors: Melissa Franco, Stephanie Mazzucca, Margaret Padek and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:246

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence suggests that the use of alcohol among older adults (defined as those aged 50+) has increased in recent years, with people aged 55–64 now more likely to exceed the recommended weekly guidelines than a...

    Authors: J. L. Seddon, S. Wadd, E. Wells, L. Elliott, I. Madoc-Jones and J. Breslin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:240

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors for chronic disease, including low cardiorespiratory fitness levels (VO2max), are often present in middle-aged populations. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a motivational, individual, and locall...

    Authors: Kirstine Høj Obling, Kristian Overgaard, Lise Juul and Helle Terkildsen Maindal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:239

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Dog bites are the main source of rabies infection and death in humans, contributing up to 99% of all cases. We conducted a contact-tracing study to evaluate the health seeking and treatment compliance behavior...

    Authors: Kinley Penjor, Tenzin Tenzin and Rinzin Kinga Jamtsho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:237

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Area-level deprivation is associated with multiple adverse birth outcomes. Few studies have examined the mediating pathways through which area-level deprivation affects these outcomes. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Renee Mehra, Fatma M. Shebl, Shayna D. Cunningham, Urania Magriples, Eric Barrette, Carolina Herrera, Katy B. Kozhimannil and Jeannette R. Ickovics

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:236

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Lower household income has been consistently associated with poorer diet quality. Household food purchases may be an important intervention target to improve diet quality among low income populations. Associat...

    Authors: Simone A. French, Christy C. Tangney, Melissa M. Crane, Yamin Wang and Bradley M. Appelhans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:231

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Digital media are increasingly abundant and used to seek health information, however, to date very little is known on parents’ seeking behavior in the context of child’s health and development outside English-...

    Authors: Rebecca Jaks, Isabel Baumann, Sibylle Juvalta and Julia Dratva

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:225

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  47. Content type: Research article

    In China, unmarried female migrants are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health risks. One effective protection strategy is promoting consistent condom use (CCU).

    Authors: Qiuming Shen, Yichen Wang, Zezhou Wang, Ying Wang, Mengyun Luo, Suping Wang, Xueqin Jiang, Yinghua Yang, Yong Cai and Meili Shang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:223

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy and health-information seeking behaviour (HISB) play vital roles in health outcome improvements. This study examines the extent of income-related inequality in health literacy and health-inform...

    Authors: Chengxiang Tang, Xueji Wu, Xiongfei Chen, Bingying Pan and Xiaocong Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:221

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  49. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of child malnutrition in Angola is still very high, and little is known about its associated factors. The aim of this study was to identify these factors in children under 2 years in a suburban ...

    Authors: João B. Humbwavali, Camila Giugliani, Luciana N. Nunes, Susana V. Dalcastagnê and Bruce B. Duncan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:220

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