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Health behavior, health promotion and society

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. The sharing of sanitation facilities is a common practice in low-income areas in sub-Saharan Africa. However, shared sanitation is currently categorized as a limited sanitation service, and may therefore not c...

    Authors: Sheillah N. Simiyu, Raphael M. Kweyu, Prince Antwi-Agyei and Kwaku A. Adjei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1632

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Numerous studies have documented factors that are associated with substance use behaviors among college-aged individuals. However, relatively few studies have considered the heterogeneity of the college experi...

    Authors: Wei-Lin Chen and Jen-Hao Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1631

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Increasing evidence suggests that sleep duration is associated with risks of various diseases including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and certain types of cancer. However, the relationship wit...

    Authors: Sohyeon Kwon, Hyeyoung Lee, Jong-Tae Lee, Min-Jeong Shin, Sangbum Choi and Hannah Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1623

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Gonorrhoea is increasing in France since its resurgence in the late 1990’s. Understanding trends of condomless sex is a requirement to tailor prevention toward most exposed individuals. This study aims to anal...

    Authors: Oche Adam Itodo, Delphine Viriot, Annie Velter, Lucie Leon, Nicolas Dupin, Beatrice Bercot, Agathe Goubard, François Lassau, Sébastien Fouere, Pervenche Martinet, William Tosini, Sophie Florence, Florence Lot and Ndeindo Ndeikoundam Ngangro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1620

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The South Asian population in Canada is growing and has elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This study sought to adapt an evidence-based community risk assessment and health promotion program...

    Authors: Gina Agarwal, Manika Bhandari, Melissa Pirrie, Ricardo Angeles and Francine Marzanek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1618

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Electronic (eHealth) and mobile (mHealth) health interventions can provide a large coverage, and are promising tools to change health behavior (i.e. physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating). H...

    Authors: Janis Fiedler, Tobias Eckert, Kathrin Wunsch and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1605

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Early childhood educators play a prominent role in promoting healthy activity behaviours in childcare. However, they have expressed that they lack the appropriate pre-service training to confidently lead physi...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Andrew M. Johnson and Patricia Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1600

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Global commitment to stop Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and ensure access to HIV treatment calls for women empowerment, as these efforts play major roles in mother-to-child transmission. We examined the a...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Joseph Kojo Oduro, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Eugene Budu, Francis Appiah, Linus Baatiema, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Francis Sambah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1592

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Pupils in secondary schools do not meet the targets for physical activity levels during physical education (PE) sessions, and there is a lack of data on the vigorous physical activity domain (VPA) in PE known ...

    Authors: Anne Delextrat, Patrick Esser, Nick Beale, Floris Bozon, Emma Eldridge, Hooshang Izadi, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Catherine Wheatley and Helen Dawes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1590

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The prevalence of being bullied traditionally among U.S. high school students is expected to reduce to 17.9%, according to Healthy People 2020 Initiatives. We examined trends in traditional victimization and c...

    Authors: Ruili Li, Qiguo Lian, Qiru Su, Luhai Li, Meixian Xie and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1583

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite efforts to improve HIV testing and linkage to HIV care among adolescents, young people and adult men, uptake rates remain below global targets. We conducted formative research to generate data necessar...

    Authors: Joseph K. B. Matovu, Aminah Nambuusi, Scovia Nakabirye, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and David Serwadda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1582

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Physical activity (PA) is one of the key determinants of healthy ageing. Research showed that time allocation plays an important role in PA. Therefore, an understanding of the time use of older adults is cruci...

    Authors: Imke Stalling, Birte Marie Albrecht, Friederike Doerwald and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1580

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) experience a disproportionate burden of type 2 diabetes and related complications. Although diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) interventions h...

    Authors: Kaʻimi A. Sinclair, Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Claire Townsend-Ing, Pearl A. McElfish and Joseph Keaweʻaimoku Kaholokula

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1579

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In the UK, Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) communities are generally considered to be at risk of low or variable immunisation uptake. Many strategies to increase uptake for the general population are relevant ...

    Authors: Lisa Dyson, Helen Bedford, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson and Cath Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1574

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Physical literacy is a multidimensional concept that describes a holistic foundation for physical activity engagement. Understanding the utilization and effectiveness of physical literacy in the context of hea...

    Authors: Katie Cornish, Gloria Fox, Trina Fyfe, Erica Koopmans, Anne Pousette and Chelsea A. Pelletier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1569

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To achieve real-world impacts, behavior change interventions need to be scaled up and broadly implemented. Implementation is challenging however, and the factors influencing successful implementation are not f...

    Authors: Elina Renko, Keegan Knittle, Minttu Palsola, Taru Lintunen and Nelli Hankonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1568

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is a paucity of research on patterns of cyber-victimization in minority groups, including immigrants. This study aimed to identify individual, interpersonal and contextual characteristics associated with...

    Authors: Kathleen S. Kenny, Lisa Merry, Douglas A. Brownbridge and Marcelo L. Urquia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1563

    Content type: Research article

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  18. As a consequence of ‘Western’ acculturation, eating disorders and body image disturbances, such as fatness phobia and body dysmorphic disorders towards musculature and body shape, are emerging in Africa, with ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Cohen, Amadou Ndao, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Amadoune Gueye, Priscilla Duboz, Enguerran Macia, Gilles Boëtsch, Patrick Pasquet, Michelle Holdsworth and Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1562

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Vaping is a relatively new practice, and therefore its symbolic meanings and social practices are yet to be fully understood, especially within Australia where the practice is strictly regulated. This study ai...

    Authors: Kahlia McCausland, Jonine Jancey, Tama Leaver, Katharina Wolf, Becky Freeman and Bruce Maycock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1552

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship. IPV is an important public health problem with ...

    Authors: Hayati Kadir Shahar, Faridah Jafri, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli and Norliza Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1550

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Parent-child exercises involve children and parents to do workout together and have positive effects on physical and mental health. We developed a mobile app on parent-child exercises called Family Move, which...

    Authors: Rosa Sze Man Wong, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Thomson Wai-Lung Wong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Cynthia Sin Yi Choi, Calvin Ka Lun Or, Kiki Sze Nga Liu, Carlos King Ho Wong, Patrick Ip and Cindy Lo Kuen Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1544

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Literature has shown a tendency of inadequate dietary intake among youth, consequently, nutritional interventions are required. The transtheoretical model (TTM) classifies individuals based on their readiness ...

    Authors: Jennifer Nakabayashi, Giselle Rha-isa Melo and Natacha Toral

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1543

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Young people under age 25 years are a key population at risk of unintended pregnancies, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. School-based programming, focusing on youth under 17 years is strategic gi...

    Authors: Ilene S. Speizer, Mahua Mandal, Khou Xiong, Ndinda Makina, Aiko Hattori and Darryn Durno

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1542

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Indigenous food systems have been displaced with the emergence of colonization, industrialization, and cultural, economic, political, and environmental changes. This disruption can be seen in marked health and...

    Authors: Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Virgil Dupuis, Bailey Houghtaling, Mary Ann Running Crane, Mike Tryon and Mike Pierre

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1536

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among adolescents is an important strategy to prevent cervical and other cancers in adulthood. However, uptake remains far below the Healthy People 2020 targets for the U...

    Authors: Shoba Ramanadhan, Constance Fontanet, Marina Teixeira, Sitara Mahtani and Ingrid Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1531

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hearing loss is prevalent and disabling, yet little is known about the extent of recreational noise exposure and hearing protection use. The aim of the present research was to estimate the extent of recreation...

    Authors: Christopher J. Armitage, Michael T. Loughran and Kevin J. Munro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1529

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Many researchers claim electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) to be a breakthrough invention for tobacco users that aspires to curb their addiction to conventional cigarettes. Claimed to be safer by their promot...

    Authors: Sakshi Sapru, Mridula Vardhan, Qianhao Li, Yuqi Guo, Xin Li and Deepak Saxena

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1518

    Content type: Review

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  28. With an increasing number of people with dementia worldwide and limited advancement in medical treatments, the call for new and cost-effective approaches is crucial. The utility of self-management has been pro...

    Authors: Ingelin Testad, Linda Clare, Kaarin Anstey, Geir Selbæk, Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf, Catherine Henderson, Ingvild Dalen, Martha Therese Gjestsen, Shelley Rhodes, Janne Røsvik, Jessica Bollen, Jessica Amos, Martine Marie Kajander, Lynne Quinn and Martin Knapp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1508

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. New approaches on paediatric cancer treatment aim to maintain long-term health. As a result of radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery, paediatric cancer survivors tend to suffer from any chronic health conditio...

    Authors: Jose J. Gil-Cosano, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Maria J. Sánchez, Maria J. Ortega-Acosta, Maria E. Mateos, Ana I. Benito-Bernal, Francisco J. Llorente-Cantarero, Francisco B. Ortega, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Idoia Labayen, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Manuel Muñoz-Torres, Juan F. Pascual-Gázquez, Maria C. Vicho-González…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1520

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Our objective was to examine cancer risk factor awareness and beliefs about cancer treatment, outcomes, and screening, and how these are mediated by sociodemographic variables, among Newfoundland and Labrador ...

    Authors: Fuyan Shi, Lance Garrett Shaver, Yujia Kong, Yanqing Yi, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Shabnam Asghari, Holly Etchegary, Kazeem Adefemi and Peizhong Peter Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1513

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Smoking during pregnancy has serious consequences for maternal and child health. An intervention package to embed National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance (babyClear©) was delivered across ma...

    Authors: Susan E. Jones, Sharon Hamilton, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares and Martin White

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1512

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Instagram provides an opportunity to deliver low cost, accessible and appealing physical activity content. This study evaluated the feasibility of delivering an exercise program for young women using Instagram.

    Authors: Rachel G. Curtis, Jillian C. Ryan, Sarah M. Edney and Carol A. Maher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1506

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In low- and middle-income countries routine vitamin A supplementation (VAS) is a key strategy for reducing vitamin A deficiency and mortality and morbidity of preschool children. However, in Ethiopia, there is...

    Authors: Getnet Kassa, Addisalem Mesfin and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1500

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) is an Australian state-based government agency with a remit to promote health by targeting physical activity, diet, mental wellbeing, tobacco use and alcoh...

    Authors: Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Nikki Honey, Anthony F. Jorm and Bruce Bolam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1497

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Back pain is one of the leading causes of health care expenditure in the US and is linked to an increased body mass index. Many evidence-based modalities for the prevention and treatment of back pain closely m...

    Authors: Cara L. Sedney, Treah Haggerty, Samuel Zizzi and Patricia Dekeseredy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1487

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adolescent pregnancy is a complex socio-economic phenomenon ranking high on the global health policy agenda. Early childbearing is associated with early marriage and school drop-out, and is defined as a proble...

    Authors: Astrid Blystad, Karen Marie Moland, Ecloss Munsaka, Ingvild Sandøy and Joseph Zulu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1485

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Behavioural science can play a critical role in combatting the effects of an infectious disease outbreak or public health emergency, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The current paper presents a synthesis of rev...

    Authors: Dale Weston, Athena Ip and Richard Amlôt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1483

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In Japan, a high-sodium diet is the most important dietary risk factor and is known to cause a range of health problems. This study aimed to forecast Japan’s disability-adjusted life year (DALYs) for chronic d...

    Authors: Shuhei Nomura, Daisuke Yoneoka, Shiori Tanaka, Aya Ishizuka, Peter Ueda, Keiji Nakamura, Hisayuki Uneyama, Naoki Hayashi and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1475

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Strokes are one of the leading causes of death worldwide. People with a lower socioeconomic position (SEP) (i.e. with regards to education, income and occupation) are at a higher risk of having a stroke and ha...

    Authors: Katie Stack, Wendy Robertson and Clare Blackburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1473

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Few studies have examined the association between physical activity (PA) and various causes of mortality in Korea. The aim of our study was to evaluate mortality and causes of death between PA and insufficient...

    Authors: Chanyang Min, Dae Myoung Yoo, Jee Hye Wee, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Soo Hwan Byun and Hyo Geun Choi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1469

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Breast cancer is one of the leading public health problem globally, especially in low-resource countries (LRCs). Breast cancer screening (BCS) services are an effective strategy for early determining of breast...

    Authors: Rashidul Alam Mahumud*, Jeff Gow, Syed Afroz Keramat, Sonja March, Jeff Dunn, Khorshed Alam and Andre M. N. Renzaho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1467

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Prelacteal feeding compromises the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, thereby increasing neonatal malnutrition, infection and mortality. About 26% of the Ethiopian neonates are given prelacteal feeds and nea...

    Authors: Wubet Alebachew Bayih, Demewoz Kefale Mekonen and Solomon Demis Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1457

    Content type: Research article

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  43. This study examines the relationships between childhood food allergy and parental unhealthy food choices for their children across attitudes towards childhood obesity as mediators and parental gender, income a...

    Authors: Ali B. Mahmoud, Dieu Hack-Polay, Leonora Fuxman, Dina Naquiallah and Nicholas Grigoriou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1453

    Content type: Research article

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  44. People who inject drugs (PWID) are the most exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV). In Thailand, drug use is highly criminalized, and harm reduction services are scarce. This study estimates risky injection practi...

    Authors: Myrtille Prouté, Sophie Le Coeur, Métrey H. Tiv, Timothée Dub, Parinya Jongpaijitsakul, Anantika Ratnamhin, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Apinun Aramrattana and Marc Lallemant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1450

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2016–2017, a European-wide circulation of genotype IA hepatitis A virus was responsible for hepatitis A outbreaks in men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to describe the outbreak investigation ...

    Authors: Nathalie Nicolay, Maggie Le Bourhis-Zaimi, Anais Lesourd, Mélanie Martel, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Stéphane Erouart, Manuel Etienne and Ndeindo Ndeikoundam Ngangro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Inadequate physical activity in young people is associated with several physical and mental health concerns. Physical education (PE) is a potentially viable existing network for promoting physical activity in ...

    Authors: Jekaterina Schneider, Juho Polet, Mary Hassandra, Taru Lintunen, Arto Laukkanen, Nelli Hankonen, Mirja Hirvensalo, Tuija H. Tammelin, Timo Törmäkangas and Martin S. Hagger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1438

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Improving children’s weight status through nutrition education (NE) for mothers about using pulses in complementary feeding has been demonstrated in pilot studies, but no effect on stunting was reported. The a...

    Authors: Getenesh Berhanu Teshome, Susan J. Whiting, Timothy J. Green, Demmelash Mulualem and Carol J. Henry

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1437

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Recent evidence suggests that climate change and other factors are leading to the emergence of Lyme disease in the province of Quebec, where it previously did not exist. As risk areas expand further north, the...

    Authors: Pierre Valois, David Bouchard, Cécile Aenishaenslin, Denis Talbot, Catherine Bouchard, Sandie Briand and Maxime Tessier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1435

    Content type: Research article

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