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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Effective leadership is vital in the struggle to decrease the behavioral health disparities between the US population and American Indian Alaska Native (AIAN) communities. AIAN communities have a pre-colonizat...

    Authors: Brenda J. Freeman, Gary Bess, Candace M. Fleming and Douglas K. Novins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1276

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have demonstrated that smoke-free legislation is associated with a reduced risk of mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aimed to examine and quantify the potential effec...

    Authors: Min Gao, Yanyu Li, Fugang Wang, Shengfa Zhang, Zhiyong Qu, Xia Wan, Xiaohua Wang, Jie Yang, Donghua Tian and Weijun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1269

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Insufficient physical activity (IPA) is one of the leading causes of premature mortality through the increased burden of non-communicable diseases. From 1990 to 2017, the percentage of low physical activity at...

    Authors: Farnam Mohebi, Bahram Mohajer, Moein Yoosefi, Ali Sheidaei, Hossein Zokaei, Bahman Damerchilu, Ashkan Mehregan, Nazila Shahbal, Kamyar Rezaee, Maryam Khezrian, Ali Nematollahi Dehmoosa, Ezzatollah Momen Nia Rankohi, Mahboobeh Darman, Alireza Moghisi and Farshad Farzadfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1266

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  4. Content type: Research article

    As smoking rates decreased, the use of Swedish snus (smokeless tobacco) concordantly increased in Norway. The role of snus as possible contributor to the reduction of smoking has been widely discussed. Our aim...

    Authors: Liv Grøtvedt, Lisa Forsén, Inger Ariansen, Sidsel Graff-Iversen and Turid Lingaas Holmen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1265

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organisation (WHO) advocates early initiation of HIV treatment as a prevention strategy among people living with HIV. There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (...

    Authors: Kennedy Nkhoma, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Alli, Lorraine Sherr and Richard Harding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1254

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The consumption of tobacco products has evolved to include more complex combinations of different products. We investigated the tobacco habits of a representative population of young Finnish male conscripts in...

    Authors: Maria Danielsson, Anelma Lammi, Simo Siitonen, Jukka Ollgren, Liisa Pylkkänen and Tuula Vasankari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1249

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  7. Content type: Research article

    New Zealand’s Bowel Screening Pilot (BSP) used a mailed invitation to return a faecal immunochemical test. As a pilot it offered opportunities to test interventions for reducing ethnic inequities in colorectal...

    Authors: Karen Bartholomew, Lifeng Zhou, Sue Crengle, Elizabeth Buswell, Anne Buckley and Peter Sandiford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1245

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Illicit substance misuse is a growing public health problem, with misuse peaking among 18–25 year-olds, and attendance at third-level education identified as a risk factor. Illicit substance misuse has the pot...

    Authors: Samantha Dick, Eadaoin Whelan, Martin P. Davoren, Samantha Dockray, Ciara Heavin, Conor Linehan and Michael Byrne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1244

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Family carers provide significant support to people with a mental illness; yet may experience poor mental and physical health themselves. Among limited research addressing the physical health of carers, studie...

    Authors: Jacqueline M. Bailey, Tim W. Regan, Kate M. Bartlem, John H. Wiggers, Paula M. Wye and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1240

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Primary schools are valuable settings to implement healthy lifestyle (healthy eating and physical activity) interventions, aimed at targeting childhood obesity. This study explored school staff perceptions of ...

    Authors: Rhiannon Eleanor Day, Pinki Sahota and Meaghan Sarah Christian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1239

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Increasing rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) in England is a pressing public health concern. Interventions targeting MSM, including information provision that e...

    Authors: Joanna M. Kesten, Kaiseree Dias, Fiona Burns, Paul Crook, Alison Howarth, Catherine H. Mercer, Alison Rodger, Ian Simms, Isabel Oliver, Matthew Hickman, Gwenda Hughes and Peter Weatherburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1236

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Follow-up studies of infants born prematurely are essential to understand the long-term consequences of preterm birth and the efficacy of interventions delivered in the neonatal period. Retention of participan...

    Authors: Victoria MacBean, Simon B. Drysdale, Sanja Zivanovic, Janet L. Peacock and Anne Greenough

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1233

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The United Kingdom (UK) fully-implemented standardised packaging for cigarettes and rolling tobacco on 20th May 2017. We explore adolescent’s awareness of, and responses to, standardised cigarette packaging in...

    Authors: Danielle Mitchell, Crawford Moodie, Nathan Critchlow and Linda Bauld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1227

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    There is compelling evidence that physical activity has many physical and mental health benefits and can delay the development of disability in older age. However, uptake of this health behaviour is sub-optima...

    Authors: Geraldine Wallbank, Catherine Sherrington, Colleen G. Canning, Leanne Hassett, Roberta Shepherd, Bethan Richards, Catherine Mackay and Anne Tiedemann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1225

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Decision-making tools represent a paradigm shift in the relationship between the clinician and the user/patient. Some of their advantages include patient commitment, the promotion of preferences and values, an...

    Authors: Maria Inmaculada de Molina-Férnandez, Laia Raigal-Aran, Miriam de la Flor-Lopez, Paula Prata, Isabel Font-Jimenez, Francesc Valls-Fonayet, Gemma March-Jardi, Ramon Escuriet-Peiro and Lourdes Rubio-Rico

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1224

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Overweight and obesity prevalence has increased significantly over the past two decades, currently impacting greater than 60% of Australians. It is unclear if a social perception of a healthy weight has been o...

    Authors: C. A. Opie, K. Glenister and J. Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1222

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy is defined as the cognitive and social skills that determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways that promote and maintain good h...

    Authors: Yiwei Huang, Tingting Ruan, Qiaoyun Yi, Tingting Wang and Zhihua Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1220

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the differences in body composition and metabolic syndrome (MS) under a daily 12,000-step strategy with or without moderate-intensity walking exercise in college students with obesity.

    Authors: Tsung-Lin Chiang, Chu Chen, Chih-Hsiang Hsu, Yu-Chin Lin and Huey-June Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1215

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Menstrual apps facilitate observation and analysis of menstrual cycles and associated factors through the collection and interpretation of data entered by users. As a subgroup of health-related apps, menstrual...

    Authors: Johanna Levy and Nuria Romo-Avilés

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1213

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The American Cancer Society discourages the dual use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) and cigarettes because such use has not resulted in reduced exposures to the harmful effects of smoking. American Indian (AI)...

    Authors: Dorothy A. Rhoades, Ashley L. Comiford, Justin D. Dvorak, Kai Ding, Michelle Hopkins, Paul Spicer, Theodore L. Wagener and Mark P. Doescher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1211

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  21. Content type: Research article

    There is little evidence on the need for differentiated HIV prevention services for men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) and people who inject drugs (PWID in Nigeria. The aim of the study ...

    Authors: Bartholomew Ochonye, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Adesegun O. Fatusi, Bamidele M. Bello, Babatunde Ajidagba, Godwin Emmanuel, Paul Umoh, Ayo Yusuf and T. Jaiyebo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1210

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  22. Content type: Research article

    E-cigarettes have grown in popularity around the world since 2003. Although marketed as a smoking cessation tool, e-cigarettes can lead to tobacco cigarette smoking in youth. In Canada, among all age groups, y...

    Authors: Vrati M. Mehra, Asvini Keethakumar, Yvonne M. Bohr, Peri Abdullah and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1208

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Consistent condom use is central to the prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), especially among young adults. This study drew from a cr...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Kafayat Olanike Ismail and Wilson Akpan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1207

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In China, thousands of children die from unintentional injury each year: the incidence rate of injury is from 19.4 to 64.3% which is the leading cause of mortality for children. An important factor to injury m...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Shih-Yu Lee, Yuqiu Zhou, Yuxia Cui, Yongkui Han, Hongling Song and Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1073

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Electronic gambling machines (EGMs) are considered a risky form of gambling. Internationally, studies have reported that the density of EGMs tends to be higher in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas than in ...

    Authors: Susanna Raisamo, Arho Toikka, Jani Selin and Maria Heiskanen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1198

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity not only is beneficial to a person’s health, but can also have a positive influence on cognitive functioning. However, elderly people with chronic illness(es) often do not meet the physical a...

    Authors: Esmee Volders, Catherine A. W. Bolman, Renate H. M. de Groot and Lilian Lechner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1197

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Since pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is mainly prescribed to high-risk uninfected individuals, consistent condom use (CCU) continues to be recommended as an inexpensive, feasible, practical and acceptable way...

    Authors: Fang Ruan, Guochen Fu, Yongfu Yan, Yajie Li, Yulin Shi, Lan Luo, Xin Li, Bolun Zhang, Qinxin Gong, Zihan Fu, Yuhang Gan, Mengge Pan, Yusi Liu, Jihong Zhan and Junfang Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1195

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Schools are an important setting for health promotion. In England, around one third of publicly funded schools have become independent of local authorities since 2000 and are now academies, run by an academy t...

    Authors: Patricia E. Jessiman, Rona Campbell, Russ Jago, Esther M. F. Van Sluijs and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1186

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Even though there is a growing literature on barriers to formal healthcare use among older people, little is known from the perspective of vulnerable older people in Ghana. Involving poor older people under th...

    Authors: Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charles Peprah and Prince Peprah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1185

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of lung disease may help reduce disease development. Detection through preventive health checks may be beneficial. Nevertheless, the knowledge is sparse on how to enhance the participation rate...

    Authors: Lene Maria Ørts, Anders Løkke, Anne-Louise Bjerregaard, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Kasper Norman, Bodil Hammer Bech and Annelli Sandbæk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1183

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  31. Content type: Research article

    An adolescent’s perceptions of their family’s and friends’ smoking attitudes and behaviour can influence their own uptake of smoking. There are two broad sources of such social influence: observing the behavio...

    Authors: Jennifer Badham, Helen McAneney, Laura Dunne, Frank Kee, Allen Thurston and Ruth F Hunter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1182

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Research on Hispanics’ activity preferences suggest that they prefer engaging in group-oriented physical activities, such as organized exercise. Yet, little is known about pathways to participation in organize...

    Authors: Mariana Arevalo and Louis D. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1181

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Enabling behaviour change in health care is a complex process. Although the use of theory to inform behaviour change interventions is advocated, there is limited information about how this might best be achiev...

    Authors: Fiona Cowdell and Judith Dyson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1180

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Previous research suggests that providing generalized information about the health implications of air pollution from fossil fuels may be effective at promoting public support for a transition to cleaner sourc...

    Authors: John Kotcher, Edward Maibach and Wen-Tsing Choi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1079

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Lifestyle risk behaviours such as smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and low fruit/vegetable intake have been identified as the major causes of chronic diseases. Such behavi...

    Authors: Chien Huey Teh, Ming Woey Teh, Kuang Hock Lim, Chee Cheong Kee, Mohd Ghazali Sumarni, Pei Pei Heng, Tajul Hassan Mohd Zahari, Ying Ying Chan, Md Iderus Nuur Hafiza, Eng Ong Tee and Kamaludin Fadzilah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1177

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) rates are high in Uganda (6.7%), and rates are especially high among at-risk groups such as youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. The objective of this study was to a...

    Authors: Monica H. Swahn, Rachel Culbreth, Laura F. Salazar, Nazarius M. Tumwesigye and Rogers Kasirye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1176

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Despite an increased uptake of option B+ treatment among HIV- positive pregnant and breastfeeding women, retaining these women in care is still a major challenge. Previous studies have identified factors assoc...

    Authors: Adellah Sariah, Joan Rugemalila, Joyce Protas, Eric Aris, Helen Siril, Edith Tarimo and David Urassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1172

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Existing evidence identifies health benefits for children of additional daily physical activity (PA) on a range of cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes. The Daily Mile (TDM) is a popular scheme designed to in...

    Authors: Benjamin Hanckel, Danny Ruta, Gwenda Scott, Janet L. Peacock and Judith Green

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1167

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Self-harm in adolescents is of growing concern internationally but limited evidence exists on the prevalence of self-harm in those living with HIV, who may be at higher risk of poor mental health outcomes. The...

    Authors: Julie Copelyn, Lindsay C. Thompson, Marthe Le Prevost, Hannah Castro, Kate Sturgeon, Katie Rowson, Susie Brice, Caroline Foster, Diana M. Gibb and Ali Judd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1165

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Resilience to disease is a process of positive adaptation despite the loss of health, it involves the development of vitality and skills to overcome the negative effects of adversity, risks, and vulnerability ...

    Authors: Filiberto Toledano-Toledano, José Moral de la Rubia, Yunier Broche-Pérez, Miriam Teresa Domínguez-Guedea and Víctor Granados-García

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1164

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The NHS Health Check (NHS HC) is a cardiovascular risk assessment to prevent cardiovascular disease. Public Health England (PHE) wants to increase uptake.

    Authors: Anna Sallis, Joseph Sherlock, Annabelle Bonus, Ayoub Saei, Natalie Gold, Ivo Vlaev and Tim Chadborn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1162

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Maternal exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage increases the risk of child injuries and subsequent child developmental and mental health problems — particularly for young mothers. To inform early intervention...

    Authors: Nicole L. A. Catherine, Rosemary Lever, Debbie Sheehan, Yufei Zheng, Michael H. Boyle, Lawrence McCandless, Amiram Gafni, Andrea Gonzalez, Susan M. Jack, Lil Tonmyr, Colleen Varcoe, Harriet L. MacMillan and Charlotte Waddell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1161

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Globally, in 2016, 23.3% of adult populations were physically inactive, and it accounts for 9% of the global premature mortality. However, evidence on the level of physical activity was limited in resource-poo...

    Authors: Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Hirbo Shore Roba, Behailu Hawulte Ayele and Addisu Shunu Beyene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1160

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Limited information is available from longitudinal studies regarding the predictors and incidence of MCI in older Asian adults. Thus, a community-based longitudinal study was conducted to determine the inciden...

    Authors: Norlela Mohd Hussin, Suzana Shahar, Hanis Mastura Yahya, Normah Che Din, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh and Mohd Azahadi Omar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1159

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Choking is one of the leading causes of death among unintentional injuries in young children. Food choking represents a considerable public health burden, which might be reduced through increased effective pre...

    Authors: Giulia Lorenzoni, Danila Azzolina, Solidea Baldas, Gianni Messi, Corrado Lanera, Megan A. French, Liviana Da Dalt and Dario Gregori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1156

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour (SB) has been linked with detrimental effects on morbidity and mortality. This study aims to identify the individual, social and environmental correlates of total sedentary behaviour and th...

    Authors: Gail Nicolson, Catherine Hayes and Catherine Darker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1155

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a common and recurrent condition among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life and increased health care utilization and costs. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the ...

    Authors: Marcia Scazufca, Maria Clara P. de Paula Couto, Maiara Garcia Henrique, Ana Vilela Mendes, Alicia Matijasevich, Paula Carvalho Pereda, Renato M. Franzin, Antônio Carlos Seabra, Pepijn van de Ven, William Hollingworth, Tim J. Peters and Ricardo Araya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1152

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