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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin.

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Low uptake of sexually transmitted infection testing by sexually active young people is a worldwide public health problem. Screening in non-medical settings has been suggested as a method to improve uptake. Th...

    Authors: Charlotte Fleming, Vari M. Drennan, Sarah Kerry-Barnard, Fiona Reid, Elisabeth J. Adams, S. Tariq Sadiq, Rachel Phillips, Wendy Majewska, Emma M. Harding-Esch, Emma C. Cousins, Freya Yoward and Pippa Oakeshott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1212

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recognition of loneliness as a health concern among adults stresses the need to understand the factors associated with loneliness. Research into factors of influence in the various phases of the adult life spa...

    Authors: Thanée Franssen, Mandy Stijnen, Femke Hamers and Francine Schneider

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1118

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In Canada, anaphylaxis-level food allergy constitutes a legal disability. Yet, no nationwide policies exist to support families. We sought to understand what parents of children with food allergy perceive as t...

    Authors: Elissa M. Abrams, Elinor Simons, Jennifer Gerdts, Orla Nazarko, Beatrice Povolo and Jennifer L. P. Protudjer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1194

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Short or long sleep duration is proposed as a potential risk factor for all-cause mortality in the older people, yet the results of published studies are not often reproducible.

    Authors: Mengyang He, Xiangling Deng, Yuqing Zhu, Luyao Huan and Wenquan Niu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1179

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Consistent use of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), a biomedical intervention for HIV seronegative persons, has been shown to significantly decrease HIV acquisition. Black women are a viable population segment ...

    Authors: Rasheeta Chandler, Shawnika Hull, Henry Ross, Dominique Guillaume, Sudeshna Paul, Nikita Dera and Natalie Hernandez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1172

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Concerns remain about potential negative impacts of e-cigarettes including possibilities that: youth e-cigarette use (vaping) increases risk of youth smoking; and vaping by parents may have impacts on their ch...

    Authors: Michael J. Green, Linsay Gray and Helen Sweeting

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1111

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Despite efforts by the NIH to enhance the participation of women and minorities in clinical research, women with HIV continue to remain underrepresented in alcohol intervention research. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Shantrel S. Canidate, Christa L. Cook, Deepthi Varma, Giselle D. Carnaby, Nicole Ennis, Nichole E. Stetten and Robert L. Cook

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1169

    Content type: Research article

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  8. High rate of teenage pregnancy in Nigeria is potentially an indication of poor access to and utilization of contraceptives among this age group. This paper presents findings from in-depth exploration of percei...

    Authors: Uchenna Ezenwaka, Chinyere Mbachu, Nkoli Ezumah, Irene Eze, Chibuike Agu, Ifunanya Agu and Obinna Onwujekwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1162

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective biomedical strategy to prevent transmission of HIV infection, although medication adherence remains a challenge. We present the protocol for a multicentre random...

    Authors: Xia Jin, Hongyi Wang, Hang Li, Zhenxing Chu, Jing Zhang, Qinghai Hu, Wei Lv, Xiaojie Huang, Yaokai Chen, Hui Wang, Xiaoqing He, Lukun Zhang, Zhili Hu, Rantong Bao, Shangcao Li, Haibo Ding…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1160

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. With the growing epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa, behavioural change interventions are critical in supporting populations to achieve better cardiovascular health. Population know...

    Authors: Rawlance Ndejjo, Fred Nuwaha, Hilde Bastiaens, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Geofrey Musinguzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1151

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Health care providers play a pivotal role as educators on health-related matters ranging from vaccination to smoking cessation. With the rising popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), providers fac...

    Authors: Josephine Hwang, Crystal Lee, Eric Mastrolonardo and Rosemary Frasso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1145

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Self-report in people with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) shows that they lead less active lifestyles. Physical activity is important as it has been shown to improve quality of life, reduce co-morbidit...

    Authors: Tjerk Zult, Lee Smith, Charlotte Stringer and Shahina Pardhan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1144

    Content type: Research article

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  13. It is estimated that around 70% of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients (T2DM) have Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Awareness and education are amongst the major shortcomings of the public health respo...

    Authors: Mireia Alemany-Pagès, Mariana Moura-Ramos, Sara Araújo, Maria Paula Macedo, Rogério T. Ribeiro, Dulce do Ó, João Ramalho-Santos and Anabela Marisa Azul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1142

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Numerous movement skills and physical fitness tests have been developed for children in high-income countries. However, adaptation of these tests to low-resource settings has been slow and norms are still unav...

    Authors: Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman, Emmanuel Bonney, Jorge Lopes Cavalcante Neto and Dorothee L. Jelsma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1139

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a deeply-rooted cultural practice mainly undertaken in Africa, the Middle East and Asian countries. Evidence to date suggests that although first-generation migrants to the W...

    Authors: Saadye Ali, Nick de Viggiani, Aida Abzhaparova, Debra Salmon and Selena Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1132

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to translate and validate the Motivation to Change Lifestyle and Health Behaviours for Dementia Risk Reduction (MCLHB-DRR) scale in the Dutch general population.

    Authors: Tessa Joxhorst, Joyce Vrijsen, Jacobien Niebuur and Nynke Smidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:788

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1147

  17. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended exclusive breastfeeding (EB) during the newborn’s first 6 months of life and, if possible, during the first 2 years. However, EB rates resist these recommenda...

    Authors: Rodríguez-Gallego Isabel, Leon-Larios Fatima, Ruiz-Ferron Cecilia and Lomas-Campos Maria-de-las-Mercedes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1129

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Previous studies show large variations in physical activity (PA) levels among adolescents. However, the number of studies is limited and even fewer studies have assessed PA in adolescents by accelerometer devi...

    Authors: Sigurd K. Beldo, Bente Morseth, Tore Christoffersen, Peder A. Halvorsen, Bjørge H. Hansen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Ulf Ekelund and Alexander Horsch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1127

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Among food pantry users there is a high prevalence of both smoking and food insecurity, which may be related to one another. This study aims to evaluate the impact of a smoking cessation program carried out in...

    Authors: Anja Simmet, Michael Teut, Romy Schleicher, Andreas Bschaden and Nanette Stroebele-Benschop

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1124

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Little is known about the combined effect of physical activity (PA), recreational screen time (ST), and sleep in preventing childhood obesity. Hence, this study aimed to analyze the associations between meetin...

    Authors: Lukáš Jakubec, Aleš Gába, Jan Dygrýn, Lukáš Rubín, Adam Šimůnek and Erik Sigmund

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1119

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) is the most common cause of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in the United States. The US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends vaccination of heal...

    Authors: Amit Srivastava, Amanda Dempsey, Alex Galitsky, Mansour Fahimi and Liping Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1109

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Recently, more and more men who have sex with men (MSM) look for casual partners through online dating platforms in China. However, most are unable to know their partners’ HIV and other sexually transmitted di...

    Authors: Xiangyu Yan, Yongjie Li, Hexuan Su, Yi Xing, Bo Zhang, Zuhong Lu and Zhongwei Jia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1107

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Inappropriate antibiotic use is an important driver of antibiotic resistance. This study sought to explore inappropriate antibiotic use and confusing antibiotics with other medicines in Ghana using ethnomethod...

    Authors: Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Marlies Hulscher, Martha Ali Abdulai, Ellen Boamah-Kaali, Kwaku Poku Asante and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1103

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The onset of puberty and menarche is a potentially vulnerable time for girls. Educational and psychosocial competencies are regarded as essential tools that empower them to successfully navigate the adolescent...

    Authors: Beth Kangwana, Eunice Muthengi and Karen Austrian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1097

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Inability to track children’s vaccination history coupled with parents’ lack of awareness of vaccination due dates compounds the problem of low immunization coverage and timeliness in developing countries. We ...

    Authors: Danya Arif Siddiqi, Rozina Feroz Ali, Mehr Munir, Mubarak Taighoon Shah, Aamir Javed Khan and Subhash Chandir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1086

    Content type: Research article

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  26. As research on HIV vaccines continues to advance, studies exploring the feasibility of this intervention are necessary to inform uptake and dissemination strategies with key populations, including people who u...

    Authors: Taylor Fleming, Jenna Valleriani, Cara Ng, Lisa Maher, Will Small and Ryan McNeil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1081

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The use of electronic referrals (eReferrals) to state quitlines (QLs) for tobacco-using patients is a promising approach for addressing smoking cessation on a large scale. However, QL contact, enrollment, and ...

    Authors: Elizabeth L. Albert, Jeanmarie C. Rose, India J. Gill and Susan A. Flocke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1080

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Peer pressure to drink alcohol may influence excessive alcohol consumption, which can have adverse impacts on health and wellbeing. While peer pressure to drink alcohol is extensively studied among youth, less...

    Authors: Hannah Morris, John Larsen, Emma Catterall, Antony C. Moss and Stephan U. Dombrowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1014

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Parent-child dietary concordance is associated with child diet, but the clinical implications of mother-father dietary concordance during pregnancy are unknown. This study evaluates antenatal mother-father die...

    Authors: Roger Figueroa, Jaclyn A. Saltzman, Augustine Kang, Fernanda Neri Mini, Kirsten K. Davison and Elsie M. Taveras

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1071

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Drug driving is an emerging global road safety problem. As the prevalence of alcohol-impaired driving decreases, and as more jurisdictions decriminalize or legalize cannabis, it is increasingly important for p...

    Authors: Manal Masud, Herbert Chan, Shannon Erdelyi, Yue Yuan and Jeffrey R. Brubacher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1070

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Transmission of HIV in South Africa continues to be high due to a large proportion of individuals living with undiagnosed HIV. Uptake of HIV testing is influenced by a multitude of factors including the patien...

    Authors: Sofia Ryan, Elizabeth Hahn, Aditi Rao, George Mwinnyaa, John Black, Roshen Maharaj, Nomzamo Mvandaba, Yandisa Nyanisa, Thomas C. Quinn and Bhakti Hansoti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1066

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Utilization of primary health care is an important aspect of elderly internal migrants’ access to screening and preventive services in China. It has been evident that social contacts, such as community engagem...

    Authors: Yanwei Lin, Chengjing Chu, Qin Chen, Junhui Xiao and Chonghua Wan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1054

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Faith-based health promotion has shown promise for supporting healthy lifestyles, but has limited evidence of reaching scale or sustainability. In one recent such effort, volunteers from a diverse range of fai...

    Authors: Rebecca Wells, Ellen D. Breckenridge and Stephen H. Linder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1050

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a growing public health problem with a large disease burden worldwide. In China many people living with HCV are unaware of their hepatitis status and not connected to care and treatm...

    Authors: William C. W. Wong, Nancy S. Yang, Jingjing Li, Hang Li, Eric Y. F. Wan, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Yuan Xiong, Wai-Kay Seto, Polin Chan, Ruihong Liu, Weiming Tang and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1048

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Household contract tracing (HHCT) is an important strategy for active tuberculosis case finding and offers an opportunity for testing of other diseases such as HIV. However, there is limited data on the patien...

    Authors: Farzana Sathar, Kavindhran Velen, Meaghan Peterson, Salome Charalambous and Candice M. Chetty-Makkan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1047

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is an increasing interest in use of food supplements to prevent childhood stunting, however the evidence on the process indicators is scarce. We in this study explore the barriers to the effective implem...

    Authors: Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi, Mashal Murad Shah and Sajid B. Soofi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1046

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A declining trend in mean cholesterol levels and smoking has been observed in high-income western countries during the last few decades, whereas obesity rates have increased. Simultaneously, mortality from cor...

    Authors: Carina U. Persson, Anna-Clara Collén, Annika Rosengren, Zacharias Mandalenakis, Tatiana Zverkova Sandström, Michael Fu, Mikael Dellborg, Saga Johansson and Per-Olof Hansson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1042

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The influence of health workers on uptake of maternal healthcare services is well documented; however, their outreach for family planning (FP) services and influence on the intention to use contraceptives is l...

    Authors: Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Faujdar Ram, Rajib Acharya, Ankita Shukla, Arupendra Mozumdar and Niranjan Saggurti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1041

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The primary aim of this review was to establish whether health literacy interventions, in adults, are effective for improving health literacy. Two secondary aims assessed the impact of health literacy interven...

    Authors: Ronie Walters, Stephen J. Leslie, Rob Polson, Tara Cusack and Trish Gorely

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1040

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Wasting is a consequence of food insecurity, inappropriate dietary practices, and inadequate caring and feeding practices. The present study assessed association between wasting and household food insecurity a...

    Authors: Sajama Nepali, Padam Simkhada and Ian Glynn Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1027

    Content type: Research article

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