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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin.

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionally affected by HIV in China. ‘Treatment as Prevention’ is a promising strategy for HIV prevention but requires adequate adherence. Mobile health (mHealth) may...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Fan, Rui She, Cong Liu, Haidan Zhong, Joseph T. F. Lau, Chun Hao, Jinghua Li, Yuantao Hao, Linghua Li and Jing Gu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:85

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Perinatal women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are at an increased risk of depression; however, in Tanzania there is limited access to services provided by mental ...

    Authors: Mary C. Smith Fawzi, Hellen Siril, Elysia Larson, Zenaice Aloyce, Ricardo Araya, Anna Kaale, Janeth Kamala, Muhummed Nadeem Kasmani, Amina Komba, Anna Minja, Angelina Mwimba, Fileuka Ngakongwa, Magreat Somba, Christopher R. Sudfeld and Sylvia F. Kaaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:80

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The globally recognized socio-economic benefits of education have stirred many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa like Uganda to promote universal access to schooling by removing fiscal barricades for those in pr...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kimera, Sofie Vindevogel, Mugenyi Justuce Kintu, John Rubaihayo, Jessica De Maeyer, Didier Reynaert, Anne-Mie Engelen, Fred Nuwaha and Johan Bilsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are on the rise in many low-and middle-income countries where 80% of related deaths are registered. Community CVD prevention programmes utilizing self-care approaches have shown ...

    Authors: Rawlance Ndejjo, Geofrey Musinguzi, Fred Nuwaha, Rhoda K. Wanyenze and Hilde Bastiaens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Combining the strengths of physical activity (PA) diaries and questionnaires may be needed to improve the unsatisfying measurement quality of existing PA questionnaires. This study investigated the construct v...

    Authors: B. Novak, P. Holler, J. Jaunig, W. Ruf, M. N. M. van Poppel and M. C. Sattler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sedentary behavior is associated with health risks and academic under-achievement in children. Still, children spend a large part of their waking hours sitting at a desk at school. Recent short-term studies de...

    Authors: A. (Lex) E. Q. van Delden, Guido P. H. Band and Joris P. J. Slaets

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:70

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Young sexual minority men in the United States have a high incidence rate of HIV infection. Early intervention among this group, that is timed to precede or coincide with sexual initiation, is of critical impo...

    Authors: Lisa M. Kuhns, Robert Garofalo, Marco Hidalgo, Sabina Hirshfield, Cynthia Pearson, Josh Bruce, D. Scott Batey, Asa Radix, Uri Belkind, Haomiao Jia and Rebecca Schnall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:65

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Health literacy (HL) is defined as the knowledge and competences of people to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. It is an important factor in ensuring positive health outcomes, yet Iceland i...

    Authors: Sonja Stelly Gustafsdottir, Arun K. Sigurdardottir, Solveig A. Arnadottir, Gudmundur T. Heimisson and Lena Mårtensson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Rabies has a worldwide distribution in continental regions of Africa, Asia and the Latin America. Globally, the case fatality rate is 100% once a clinical sign is developed. Poor public awareness towards rabie...

    Authors: Weldegerima Gebremedhin Hagos, Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Goyitom Gebremdehn Gebru, Gebreamlak Gebremariam Mezgebe, Kebede Ambaye Reda and Berihun Assefa Dachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Urban parks play an important role in promoting physical activity (PA) among adults and especially among older city residents. According to the socioecological approach the association of physical environments...

    Authors: Petra Wagner, Yan Ping Duan, Ru Zhang, Hagen Wulff and Walter Brehm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs) programs targeting women are implemented. In the context of the ‘Mawe Tatu’ program more equitable in...

    Authors: Wyvine Ansima Bapolisi, Giovanfrancesco Ferrari, Clara Blampain, Jean Makelele, Lenneke Kono-Tange, Ghislain Bisimwa and Sonja Merten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. The Kids save lives statement recommends annual Basic Life Support (BLS) training for school children but the implementation is challenging. Trainings should be easy to realise and every BLS training should be...

    Authors: Christoph Süss-Havemann, Janina Kosan, Thomas Seibold, Nils Martin Dibbern, Anne Daubmann, Jens Christian Kubitz and Stefanie Beck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Violence exposure in adolescence is associated with a range of poor health and social outcomes, including both the perpetration and experience of violence in later intimate relationships. However, there is lit...

    Authors: Karen Devries, Jenny Parkes, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Sophie Namy, Simone Datzberger, Winifred Nalukenge, Lydia Atuhaire, Nambusi Kyegombe, Eddy Walakira, Janet Seeley, Helen A. Weiss and Dipak Naker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:43

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases, and their prevalence is on the rise worldwide. This study seeks to describe the prevalence and predictors of overweight ...

    Authors: Rachel A. Klabunde, Felippe Lazar Neto, Andressa Louzada, Ricardo Faé de Moura, Fernando Morelli Calixto, Goodarz Danaei and Marcia C. Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Alcohol consumption, even at low-levels, can not be guaranteed as safe or risk free. Specifically, the 2009 Australian National Health and Medical Research Council drinking guidelines recommend that adults sho...

    Authors: Janette Mugavin, Sarah MacLean, Robin Room and Sarah Callinan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Compared to the general population in Uganda, fishing communities suffer greater burden of HIV/AIDS. We determined the level of comprehensive knowledge on HIV prevention and its associated factors among fishin...

    Authors: Leocadia Kwagonza, Lilian Bulage, Paul Edward Okello, Joy Kusiima, Daniel Kadobera and Alex Riolexus Ario

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Nepal School Meals Program reached 600,000 schoolchildren in basic education in 2017 and plays a key role in the government’s strategy to increase children’s academic and nutritional outcomes. A large part...

    Authors: Rachana Manandhar Shrestha, Pepijn Schreinemachers, Mamta Gurung Nyangmi, Manoj Sah, Judy Phuong, Shraddha Manandhar and Ray-Yu Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  18. From 2000 to 2008, in urban areas in Spain, adolescent fertility and abortion rates underwent unprecedented increases, consecutive to intensive immigration from developing countries. To address unmet needs for...

    Authors: Elia Diez, Maria J. Lopez, Gloria Perez, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Laia Nebot, Ramon Carreras and Joan R. Villalbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Drug use and risky driving is associated with sensation seeking. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between use of psychoactive substances and levels of the sensation seeking personality ...

    Authors: Ragnhild E. G. Jamt, Hallvard Gjerde, Håvard Furuhaugen, Giovanni Romeo, Vigdis Vindenes, Jan G. Ramaekers and Stig T. Bogstrand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Participation in organised sport and physical activity contributes to health-enhancing levels of leisure time physical activity. In Australia, 58% of children aged 0–14 years participated at least once a week ...

    Authors: L. J. Reece, C. McInerney, K. Blazek, B. C. Foley, L. Schmutz, B. Bellew and A. E. Bauman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Despite the current obesogenic environment creating challenges weight management, some people succeed in maintaining a normal weight. This study explored lifelong weight management from the life course perspec...

    Authors: Anu Joki, Johanna Mäkelä, Hanna Konttinen and Mikael Fogelholm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Reaching tobacco users is a persistent challenge for quitlines. In 2014, ClearWay MinnesotaSM changed its quitline services and media campaign, and observed substantial increases in reach and strong quit outcomes...

    Authors: Paula A. Keller, Rebecca K. Lien, Laura A. Beebe, Jane Parker, Paola Klein, Randi B. Lachter and Stephen Gillaspy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Although previous studies have reported the benefits of physical activity (PA) to lung function in middle-aged and older adults, the biological mechanisms are still unclear. This study aimed to assess the exte...

    Authors: Meng Chen, Chuanying Huang, Wenjing Feng, Yujie Li and Yili Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In China, addressing disparities in the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) requires targeted efforts to increase their engagement and retention in prevention. In an effort to advance MSM-friend...

    Authors: Rong Fu, Bryan A. Kutner, Yumeng Wu, Lu Xie, Siyan Meng, Jianhua Hou, Yuzhou Gu, Huifang Xu, Huang Zheng, Na He and Kathrine Meyers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Primary care patients with prediabetes is a priority group in the clinical, organisational and policy contexts. Engaging in regular physical activity is crucial to prevent diabetes for this group. The objectiv...

    Authors: Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Wei Keong Wee, Wei Chek For, Jayalakshmy Aarthi Ananthanarayanan, Ying Hua Soh, Lynette Mei Lim Goh, Dede Kam Tyng Tham and Mee Lian Wong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Few studies have explored how economic incentives influence behavioral outcomes. This study aimed to identify pathways of action of an incentives-based intervention to increase men’s participation in HIV testing.

    Authors: Alex Ndyabakira, Monica Getahun, Ambrose Byamukama, Devy Emperador, Stella Kabageni, Kara Marson, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Gabriel Chamie, Harsha Thirumurthy, Diane Havlir, Moses R. Kamya and Carol S. Camlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1763

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Annual Mass Drug Administration (MDA) using praziquantel targeting primary school children is the main control strategy against schistosomiasis in Tanzania. However, there are concerns about decreasing partici...

    Authors: Sandra Parisi, Humphrey D. Mazigo, Saskia Kreibich, Karl Puchner, Christa Kasang and Andreas Mueller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1762

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Due to the rapid development of information and communication technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a threat to adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and correlates among profiles of...

    Authors: Chia-Wen Wang, Patou Masika Musumari, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S. Pilar Suguimoto, Yukiko Tateyama, Chang-Chuan Chan, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1756

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In developing countries, a great number of people typically utilize public transportation such as Taxis. Therefore, taxi drivers have an important role in residents’ well-being and safety. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Mahsa Mehri, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Shirazeh Arghami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1753

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive community intervention on cognition and inoculation behaviors of diabetic patients immunized with influenza vaccine.

    Authors: Lili Tao, Ming Lu, Xiaoning Wang, Xiaoyan Han, Shuming Li and Haiyan Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1747

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Contraceptive discontinuations for reasons other than the desire for pregnancy are a public health concern because of their negative effect on reproductive health outcomes. In Ethiopia, the contraceptive disco...

    Authors: Kibrom Taame Weldemariam, Kebede Embaye Gezae and Haftom Temesgen Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1745

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The infection of HIV continues to be an important public health problem in Ethiopia. Disclosing own HIV positive result is crucial, and considered as a good indicator of behavior change towards HIV/AIDs. A sys...

    Authors: Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Ayenew Molla Lakew, Kindie Fentahun Muchie and Destaw Fetene Teshome

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1743

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Worldwide, fifteen percent (15%) of the world’s population or one (1) billion people live with some form of disability. In Uganda, 12.4% of the Uganda’s population lives with some form of disability and Kawemp...

    Authors: Swaibu Zziwa, Harriet Babikako, Doris Kwesiga, Olive Kobusingye, Jacob A. Bentley, Frederick Oporia, Rebecca Nuwematsiko, Abdulgafoor Bachani, Lynn M. Atuyambe and Nino Paichadze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1742

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and television viewing are independently associated with cardiorespiratory fitness. However, limited evidence is available on their combined effects, specifically ...

    Authors: Tetsuhiro Kidokoro, Koya Suzuki, Hisashi Naito, Govindasamy Balasekaran, Jong Kook Song, Soo Yeon Park, Yiing Mei Liou, Dajiang Lu, Bee Koon Poh, Kallaya Kijboonchoo and Stanley Sai-chuen Hui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1737

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Skin cancer attributed to sunlight exposure has an increasing trend worldwide, resulting in increased problems for healthcare services. This study aimed to evaluate the health safety practices of high school s...

    Authors: Hosna Janjani, Saharnaz Nedjat, MasoudYunesian, Simin Nasseri, Fatemeh Haghighat Doost and Ramin Nabizadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1736

    Content type: Research article

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  36. University undergraduate students are within the population at highest risk for acquiring sexually transmitted infections, unplanned pregnancy, and other negative health outcomes. Despite the availability of s...

    Authors: Christine Cassidy, Audrey Steenbeek, Donald Langille, Ruth Martin-Misener and Janet Curran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1734

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet has been associated with lower mortality and cardiovascular disease risk. The relative importance of diet compared to other lifestyle factors and effects of dietar...

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Williamson, Julia Polak, Julie A. Simpson, Graham G. Giles, Dallas R. English, Allison Hodge, Lyle Gurrin and Andrew B. Forbes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1733

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Since its introduction in 2006, SOPARC (Systematic Observation of Play and Recreation in Communities) has become a fundamental tool to quantify park visitor behaviors and characteristics. We tested SOPARC reli...

    Authors: Oriol Marquet, J. Aaron Hipp, Claudia Alberico, Jing-Huei Huang, Dustin Fry, Elizabeth Mazak, Gina S. Lovasi and Myron F. Floyd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1730

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In the last few years, so-called “common mental disorders”, including adjustment disorder and stress-related exhaustion, have outrivalled musculoskeletal disorders as being the leading cause of long-term sick ...

    Authors: Agneta Lindegård, Gunilla Wastensson, Emina Hadzibajramovic and Anna Grimby-Ekman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1726

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Relying solely on altruistic appeals may fail to fulfil the increasing demand for blood supplies. Current research has largely been attempted to determine and understand motives that serve as blood donation dr...

    Authors: Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, Juan Manuel Carrillo de Gea, Ángel Toval and José Luis Fernández-Alemán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1724

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Low levels of physical activity (PA) and prolonged sitting time (ST) increase the risk of non-communicable diseases and mortality, and can be influenced by socio-demographic characteristics. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Irina Kovalskys, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Viviana Guajardo, Michael Pratt, Abby C. King and Dirceu Solé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1723

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Community acquired pneumonia is responsible for 16% of under 5 mortality in India, probably due to delayed recognition and qualified care seeking. Therefore these deaths could possibly be averted by creating c...

    Authors: Shally Awasthi, Divas Kumar, Neha Mishra, Monika Agarwal and Chandra Mani Pandey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1721

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Obesity in the United States is a serious and preventable health concern. Previous research suggests that habitual short sleep may influence obesity-risk behaviors, such as increased caloric intake, decreased ...

    Authors: Andrea T. Kozak, Scott M. Pickett, Nicole L. Jarrett, Shaunt A. Markarian, Kari I. Lahar and Jason E. Goldstick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1720

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Ultra-processed food consumption is a risk factor for obesity and has a negative environmental impact. Food companies spend billions of dollars on advertisements each year to increase the consumption of ultra-...

    Authors: Petter Fagerberg, Billy Langlet, Aleksandra Oravsky, Johanna Sandborg, Marie Löf and Ioannis Ioakimidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1717

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Physical activity and good nutrition are important behavioral factors in promoting health and preventing disease. It is important to understand the factors affecting physical activity and nutrition. The purpos...

    Authors: Wan-Li Chen, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Zi-Yi Cui, Jing-Ya Wang, Jie Zhao, Ji-Wei Wang, Xian Wang and Jin-Ming Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1713

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Blogs are widely being used by health professionals and consumers to communicate and access nutrition information. There are numerous benefits for dietitians to establish and contribute to healthy eating blogs...

    Authors: Rebecca Mete, Jayne Curlewis, Alison Shield, Kristen Murray, Rachel Bacon and Jane Kellett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1711

    Content type: Research article

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  47. This cross-sectional study aims to validate the Chinese version of Zelaya’s HIV-related Stigma Scale (CVZHSS) among a large undergraduate sample in mainland China, and apply it to measure the level of differen...

    Authors: Fang Ruan, Guochen Fu, Mingyu Zhou, Lan Luo, Jing Chen, Wei Hua, Xin Li, Yifan Chen, Xiaobao Xia, Yanting Xiong, Yuhua Chen, Bin Shi, Shengbo Lu, Hudie Zhang, Dawei Wu, Yusi Liu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1708

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Identifying lifestyle-related health predictors affecting adolescent behaviors is a matter of interest and study for diverse audiences, including the religious sphere. The Adventist religion recommends their f...

    Authors: Maria Elena Acosta Enríquez, Felipe Javier Uribe Salas, Juha Baek, Jenny Patricia Sierra Archbold and Genny Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1705

    Content type: Research article

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  49. A common recommendation is to reduce the consumption of snack food and replace this consumption with nutrient-dense foods. The objective was to assess whether in Colombian children and adults there were change...

    Authors: Oscar F. Herrán, Eduardo Villamor and Doris C. Quintero-Lesmes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1702

    Content type: Research article

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