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Health behavior, health promotion and society

Section edited by Frances Kay-Lambkin.

This section aims to publish studies examining the cultural, economic and societal influences that inform lifestyle choices and health behaviors, from drug, alcohol and cigarette consumption, to perceptions of safe sexual behavior and vaccine uptake, enabling all communities to increase control over their health, and empower them to maintain, attain, or regain good health and prevent disease.

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  1. The overarching objective of the study is to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the salient factors predicting changes in physical activity (PA) during adolescents’ transition into emerging adulthood. Usi...

    Authors: Matthew Y. W. Kwan, Pallavi Dutta, Steven R. Bray, Denver M. Y. Brown, John Cairney, Genevieve F. Dunton, Jeffrey D. Graham, Amanda L. Rebar and Ryan E. Rhodes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:426

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. European studies showed that women with a migration background are less likely to participate in mammography screenings than autochthonous women. However, the participation in the German mammography screening ...

    Authors: Simone Kaucher, Laura Khil, Hiltraud Kajüter, Heiko Becher, Maren Reder, Petra Kolip, Jacob Spallek, Volker Winkler and Eva-Maria Berens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:417

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Playing video games, a form of sedentary behaviour, is associated with poor well-being and increased risk of morbidity due to chronic disease. However, the association between health behaviours and video gamin...

    Authors: Tuulia Puolitaival, Mirjam Sieppi, Riitta Pyky, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen and Marjukka Nurkkala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:415

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In low-income settings, cancer is often diagnosed in advanced stages due to late presentation. Good public awareness of cancer signs and symptoms has a positive impact on the time patients take before they pre...

    Authors: Mohamedraed Elshami, Alaa Elshami, Nabeela Alshorbassi, Mohammed Alkhatib, Iyad Ismail, Khitam Abu-Nemer, Mustafa Hana, Ahmed Qandeel, Ahmed Abdelwahed, Hamza Yazji, Hisham Abuamro, Ghadeer Matar, Ahmed Alsahhar, Ahmed Abolamzi, Obay Baraka, Mahmood Elblbessy…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:414

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the main cause of mortality and severe morbidity in cyclists admitted to Dutch emergency departments (EDs). Although the use of bicycle helmets is an effective way of preventing...

    Authors: Rick Reuvers, Eelco A. B. Over, Anita W. M. Suijkerbuijk, Johan J. Polder, G. Ardine de Wit and Paul F. van Gils

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:413

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Goals play an important role in the choices that individuals make. Yet, there is no clear approach of how to incorporate goals in discrete choice experiments. In this paper, we present such an approach and ill...

    Authors: Tim M. Benning, Benedict G. C. Dellaert and Theo A. Arentze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to lend support to a larger effectiveness RCT comparing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), a locally-developed ...

    Authors: Lise Juul, Karen Johanne Pallesen, Mette Bjerggaard, Corina Nielsen and Lone Overby Fjorback

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The association between Free Sugars intake and non-communicable diseases such as obesity and dental caries is well documented and several countries are taking measures to reduce sugars intakes. Public Health E...

    Authors: Jennifer Bradley, Grace Gardner, Maisie K. Rowland, Michaela Fay, Kay Mann, Richard Holmes, Emma Foster, Catherine Exley, Ann Don Bosco, Orla Hugueniot and Paula Moynihan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:331

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Food safety manual was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to train professionals to reduce the burden of foodborne diseases as a global strategy. The present pioneering research aimed to explore ...

    Authors: Mohtasham Ghaffari, Yadollah Mehrabi, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Ali Safari-Moradabadi and Seyyede Zenab Jafarian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Homoprejudiced violence, defined as physical, verbal, psychological and cyber aggression against others because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation, is an important public health issue. Most homopr...

    Authors: Dan Wu, Eileen Yang, Wenting Huang, Weiming Tang, Huifang Xu, Chuncheng Liu, Stefan Baral, Suzanne Day and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model has received consistent empirical support in the context of HIV prevention among various key populations, but not yet among transgender women (TGW). Non...

    Authors: Huwen Wang, Ruijie Chang, Qiuming Shen, Lhakpa Tsamlag, Shuxian Zhang, Yue Shi, Tiecheng Ma, Zixin Wang, Rui She, Joseph T. F. Lau, Ying Wang and Yong Cai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Evidence shows that foods marketed on television are often low-nutrient-dense foods associated with poor nutritional diet quality, obesity and non-communicable diseases. However, little research has been under...

    Authors: Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite, Laís Amaral Mais, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Giovanna Calixto Andrade, Julia Soares Guimarães, Rafael Moreira Claro, Ana Clara da Fonseca Leitão Duran and Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Since 2016, large scale measles outbreaks have heavily affected countries across Europe. In England, laboratory confirmed measles cases increased almost four-fold between 2017 and 2018, from 259 to 966 cases.

    Authors: Sadie Bell, Vanessa Saliba, Mary Ramsay and Sandra Mounier-Jack

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The study aims at identifying long-term trends and patterns of current smoking by age, gender, and education in Russia, including the most recent period from 2008 during which tobacco control policies were imp...

    Authors: Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Elena Churilova, Dmitry A. Jdanov, Svetlana A. Shalnova, Odd Nilssen, Alexander Kudryavtsev, Sarah Cook, Sofia Malyutina, Martin McKee and David A. Leon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:378

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Late sleep onset time (SOT) is a common social phenomenon in modern society, and it was associated with a higher risk of obesity. However, the literature gap exists about the SOT and cardiometabolic biomarkers...

    Authors: Liqun Wang, Jiangping Li, Yong Du, Ting Sun, Li Na and Zhizhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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  16. With increasing access to effective Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), the proportion of children who survive into later childhood with HIV has increased. Consequently, caregivers are constantly being confronted w...

    Authors: Oghenebrume Wariri, Ayomikun Ajani, Mercy Poksireni Raymond, Asabe Iliya, Olatoke Lukman, Emmanuel Okpo and Elon Isaac

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Indonesia has developed the pregnancy class program for mothers in an effort to reduce the high maternal mortality rate. This study aims to understand the influence of pregnancy classes on mothers’ use of mate...

    Authors: Khadijah Azhar, Ika Dharmayanti, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini and Puti Sari Hidayangsih

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The aims of this study were 1) to clarify the prevalence of sleep problems (insomnia, insufficient sleep, and delayed sleep-wake phase) among Japanese university students; 2) to examine sociodemographic charac...

    Authors: Momoko Kayaba, Toshiko Matsushita, Minori Enomoto, Chieko Kanai, Noriko Katayama, Yuichi Inoue and Taeko Sasai-Sakuma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:371

    Content type: Research article

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  19. As children approach adolescence, they focus increasingly on their appearance and physical attraction due to teenage body-image. Teaching the concepts of adolescent health changes an individual’s attitudes tow...

    Authors: Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Saeed Vaziri-Yazdi and Mansoureh Barkhordari-Sharifabad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:370

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Anxiety is an adaptive response to an objective or perceived threat; however, when symptoms become severe and chronic it that can become a maladaptive anxiety disorder. Limited evidence suggests that physical ...

    Authors: Cillian P. Mc Dowell, Angela Carlin, Laura Capranica, Christina Dillon, Janas M. Harrington, Jeroen Lakerveld, Anne Loyen, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Johannes Brug, Ciaran MacDonncha and Matthew P. Herring

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:365

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) of 2008 show that Ondo State had the worst maternal outcomes in the South Western region of Nigeria. To address this problem, the “Abiye” (safe motherhood) prog...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi and Wilson Akpan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:362

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Adolescent pregnancy has been a persistent area of interest and concern in the field of public health. The debate about adolescents’ sexual risk behaviour has also gained prominence due to findings that have d...

    Authors: Desiree Govender, Saloshni Naidoo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:366

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The widespread under-screening and under-treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) contributes to its health and socioeconomic burden. We conducted a mixed-methods (qualitative and qualitative) study in people w...

    Authors: Marie Costa, Tangui Barré, Marion Coste, Issifou Yaya, Cyril Berenger, Marc Tanti, Christophe Cutarella, Marion Mora, Pierre Poloméni, Marianne Maynard, Danielle Teuma, Michaël Bazin, Gwenaelle Maradan, Perrine Roux and Patrizia Maria Carrieri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Domestic violence does not only violate women’s fundamental human rights but it also undermines them from achieving their fullest potential around the world. This study was conducted to assess trends and facto...

    Authors: Joseph Lasong, Yuan Zhang, Kahindo P. Muyayalo, Olivia Adhiambo Njiri, Simon Afewerki Gebremedhin, Chrissie S. Abaidoo, Chun Yan Liu, Huiping Zhang and Kai Zhao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Prospective cohort studies may support public health efforts in reducing health inequalities. However, individuals with a low socioeconomic status (SES) are generally underrepresented in health research. This ...

    Authors: Mélina Côté, Stéphanie Harrison, Annie Lapointe, Catherine Laramée, Sophie Desroches, Simone Lemieux, Benoît Lamarche and Ariane Bélanger-Gravel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:348

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Early detection, identification, and treatment of chronic hepatitis B through screening is vital for those at increased risk, e.g. born in hepatitis B endemic countries. In the Netherlands, Moroccan immigrants...

    Authors: Nora Hamdiui, Vincent Buskens, Jim E. van Steenbergen, Mirjam E. E. Kretzschmar, Luis E. C. Rocha, Anna E. Thorson, Aura Timen, Albert Wong, Maria van den Muijsenbergh and Mart L. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:344

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Children’s habitual physical activity, including active travel and catching public transit (walking and cycling to and from destinations), and independent mobility (mobility without an adult) have decreased. P...

    Authors: Arto J. Pesola, Pirjo Hakala, Päivi Berg, Samira Ramezani, Karen Villanueva, Sari Tuuva-Hongisto, Jussi Ronkainen and Tiina E. Laatikainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:342

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an HIV prevention strategy for key populations, in particular men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the willingness to pay market rate for PrEP is largely ...

    Authors: Wangnan Cao, Shengzhi Sun, Liping Peng, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Jibin Li, Dannuo Wei, Stuart Gilmour and Jinghua Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding are associated with healthy eating habits, prevention of nutritional deficiencies, obesity and non-communicable diseases. Our aim was to identify feeding practi...

    Authors: Ana Maria Spaniol, Teresa Helena Macedo da Costa, Gisele Ane Bortolini and Muriel Bauermann Gubert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Social capital is a collective attribute of communities that determines health and well-being of populations. The collective resources in a high social capital community have been reported to result in better ...

    Authors: Jeong Kyu Lee, Lavinia Lin and Christopher Magee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Previous studies on lifestyle risk factors mainly focused on age- or gender-specific differences. However, lifestyle risk factors also vary across regions. Aim of the present study was to examine the extent to...

    Authors: Josefine Atzendorf, Christian Apfelbacher, Elena Gomes de Matos, Kirsten Lochbühler, Daniela Piontek, Nicki-Nils Seitz and Ludwig Kraus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER) assesses a wide range of physical, psychological and social perceived needs across 26 questions, and can be used in humanitarian emergencies a...

    Authors: K. Hugelius, M. Semrau and M. Holmefur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Several front-of-pack (FOP) labels identify healthier options by comparing foods within product categories. Alternative approaches label healthier options by comparing across categories. Which approach is supe...

    Authors: Eric Andrew Finkelstein, Felicia Jia Ler Ang and Brett Doble

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:312

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study explored both the evolution of the information needs and the perceived relevance of different health information sources in patients with essential hypertension. It also investigated the relationshi...

    Authors: Erika R. Cappelletti, Andrea Greco, Alessandro Maloberti, Cristina Giannattasio, Patrizia Steca and Marco D’Addario

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Infections with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) are the main cause of cervical cancer. Since 2014, the HPV vaccine was introduced in the Brazilian National Vaccination Calendar. The purpose of this study was to ass...

    Authors: Ana Carolina da Silva Santos, Nayara Nascimento Toledo Silva, Cláudia Martins Carneiro, Wendel Coura-Vital and Angélica Alves Lima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in the world. Healthy food choice and adequate physical activity are key factors in preventing NCDs. Food labeling is a strategy that can inform...

    Authors: Shirin Seyedhamzeh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Hedayat Hosseini, Elham Shakibazedeh, Anthony J. Viera and Ahmadreza Dorosty Motlagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:294

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Experimentation with new behaviours during adolescence is normal. However, engagement in two or more risk behaviours, termed multiple risk behaviours is associated with socioeconomic disadvantage and poor heal...

    Authors: Caroline Wright, Jon Heron, Rona Campbell, Matthew Hickman and Ruth R. Kipping

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It has been shown that fears and misconceptions negatively affect the willingness to donate organs. Empirical studies have examined health communication strategies that serve to debunk these fears. There are p...

    Authors: Lisa Heitland, Eckart von Hirschhausen and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Diabetes is the most prevalent disease resulted from metabolic disorders. This study aimed to investigate the effect of training based on health belief model (HBM) on oral hygiene-related behaviors in patients...

    Authors: Maryam Malekmahmoodi, Mohsen Shamsi, Nasrin Roozbahani and Rahmatollah Moradzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Dehydration due to insufficient fluid intake (IFI) is detrimental to health. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the fluid intake of urban adults in Wuxi, China, and to identify potential risk factors c...

    Authors: Hao Zheng, Juan Fei, Lan Zhang, Weijie Zhou, Zhen Ding and Wenbiao Hu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for mortality globally. African countries, including Kenya, have a high and rising prevalence of hypertension. Prehypertension is associated with an increased risk of pr...

    Authors: Jared O. Mecha, Elizabeth N. Kubo, Collins O. Odhiambo, Freda G. Kinoti, Kennedy Njau, Gerald Yonga and Elijah N. Ogola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:281

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hajj pilgrimage faces numerous challenges including a high prevalence of respiratory tract infection as well as its prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire to e...

    Authors: Mohammed Dauda Goni, Nyi Nyi Naing, Habsah Hasan, Nadiah Wan-Arfah, Zakuan Zainy Deris, Wan Nor Arifin, Tengku Mohammad Ariff Raja Hussin, Abdulwali Sabo Abdulrahman, Aisha Abubakar Baaba and Muhammad Rafie Arshad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Despite the misconceptions regarding E-cigarettes (ECs), only a few studies have been conducted in the Middle East that focused on this topic. This study assesses the knowledge of and attitudes towards ECs in ...

    Authors: Hanan Aghar, Nathalie El-Khoury, Mahasen Reda, Wissam Hamadeh, Hussein Krayem, Mohammad Mansour, Hawraa Raouf and Miran A. Jaffa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Engaging and retaining young men in community-based interventions is highly challenging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the individual factors that predict intervention engagement and adherence i...

    Authors: Stephan Rabie, Jason Bantjes, Sarah Gordon, Ellen Almirol, Jackie Stewart, Mark Tomlinson and Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The seroprevalence of brucellosis among nomadic pastoralists and their livestock in arid lands is reported to be over10-fold higher than non-pastoralists farmers and their livestock in Kenya. Here, we compared...

    Authors: M. Kariuki Njenga, Eric Ogolla, Samuel Mwangi Thumbi, Isaac Ngere, Sylvia Omulo, Mathew Muturi, Doris Marwanga, Austine Bitek, Bernard Bett, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peninah Munyua and Eric Mogaka Osoro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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