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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 7 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    Possible serious bacterial infection (PBSI) is a major cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. We studied risk factors for PSBI in a large rural population in central India where facility deliveries have increa...

    Authors: Marie E. Wang, Archana B. Patel, Nellie I. Hansen, Lauren Arlington, Amber Prakash and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1097

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Post-abortion contraceptive use in India is low and the use of modern methods of contraception is rare, especially in rural areas. This study primarily compares contraceptive use among women whose abortion out...

    Authors: Mandira Paul, Sharad D. Iyengar, Birgitta Essén, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Kirti Iyengar, Johan Bring and Marie Klingberg-Allvin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1087

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The specific age to which an HIV infected child can be disclosed to is stipulated to begin between ages 4 and 6 years. It has also been documented that before disclosure of HIV positive status to the infected ...

    Authors: Adellah Sariah, Joan Rugemalila, Magreat Somba, Anna Minja, Margareth Makuchilo, Edith Tarimo, David Urassa and Helen Siril

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1083

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Peru has made great improvements in reducing stunting and child mortality in the past decade, and has reached the Millennium Development Goals 1 and 4. The remaining challenges or missed opportunities for chil...

    Authors: Yvonne Tam, Luis Huicho, Carlos A. Huayanay-Espinoza and María Clara Restrepo-Méndez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1048

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has demonstrated health benefits of marriage and the potential for worse outcomes during widowhood in some populations. However, few studies have assessed the relevance of widowhood and widow...

    Authors: Jessica M. Perkins, Hwa-young Lee, K. S. James, Juhwan Oh, Aditi Krishna, Jongho Heo, Jong-koo Lee and S. V. Subramanian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1032

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Due to climate change, extreme weather events have an incremental impact on human health. Injuries and mental health disorders are a particular burden of disease, which is broadly investigated in high income c...

    Authors: Elisabeth Rataj, Katharina Kunzweiler and Susan Garthus-Niegel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1020

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, epidemiological studies have reported an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) among people living with HIV. NCD management can be feasibly integrated into HIV care; howev...

    Authors: Claudia Leung, Eric Aris, Aisa Mhalu, Hellen Siril, Beatrice Christian, Happiness Koda, Talumba Samatta, Martha Tsere Maghimbi, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Guerino Chalamilla and Claudia Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1002

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is still gaining ground in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially among socially disadvantaged groups. People living with HIV represent a subgroup with a significantly elevated prevalence of cigarette smoking....

    Authors: Olalekan A. Uthman, Anna Mia Ekström and Tahereh T. Moradi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:998

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The suitability of using clinical assessment to identify patients with podoconiosis in endemic communities has previously been demonstrated. In this study, we explored the feasibility and accuracy of using Com...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Jonas A. Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice R. Datchoua-Poutcheu, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Dizzel Bita Tayong, David D. Sofeu-Feugaing, Nathalie Amvongo-Adjia, Bridget A. Fovennso, Yolande F. Longang-Tchounkeu, Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Peter A. Enyong, Melanie J. Newport and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:997

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Incompleteness of vaccination coverage among children is a major public health concern because itcontinues to sustain a high prevalence of vaccine-preventable diseases in some countries. In Togo, very few data...

    Authors: Dadja Essoya Landoh, Farihétou Ouro-kavalah, Issifou Yaya, Anna-Lea Kahn, Peter Wasswa, Anani Lacle, Danladi Ibrahim Nassoury, Sheba Nakacubo Gitta and Abdramane Bassiahi Soura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:968

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol use is a major public health problem with vast implications for poor, war-torn countries. The objective of this study was to describe prevalence of alcohol use and risky drinking across socio-demograph...

    Authors: Lars Lien, Edvard Hauff, Priscilla Martinez, Arne H. Eide, Leslie Swarts and Touraj Ayazi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:937

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female smoking rates are currently low (1 %). However, because of male smoking rates (overall 7.7 % and up to 27 % depending on region), women and children’s risk of second hand smoke (SHS) exposu...

    Authors: Anne Berit Petersen, Lisa M. Thompson, Gezahegn Bekele Dadi, Alemu Tolcha and Janine K. Cataldo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:910

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an EPI smartphone application (EPI app) on improving vaccination coverage in rural Sichuan Province, China.

    Authors: Li Chen, Xiaozhen Du, Lin Zhang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Qiong Wu, Ruikan Yang, Ying Cao, Wei Wang, Lihui Xie, Xiuqin Rao, Yanfeng Zhang and Jeanne Catherine Koepsell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:909

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is an issue of growing global concern. One key strategy to minimise further development of resistance is the rational use of antibiotics, by providers and patients alike. Through integrat...

    Authors: Kirstie Graham, Chomba Sinyangwe, Sarala Nicholas, Rebecca King, Samuel Mukupa, Karin Källander, Helen Counihan, Mark Montague, James Tibenderana and Prudence Hamade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:897

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy is a term employed to assess the ability of people to meet the increasing demands related to health in a rapidly evolving society. Low health literacy can affect the social determinants of heal...

    Authors: Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Karthyayani Priya Satish, Jayadevan Sreedharan and Halah Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:831

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea remains a high burden disease, responsible for nine percent of deaths in children under five globally. We analyzed diarrhea management practices in young children and their association with the source...

    Authors: Liliana Carvajal-Vélez, Agbessi Amouzou, Jamie Perin, Abdoulaye Maïga, Hayalnesh Tarekegn, Akanni Akinyemi, Solomon Shiferaw, Mark Young, Jennifer Bryce and Holly Newby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:830

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Globally, women share an indiscriminate burden of the HIV epidemic and the associated socioeconomic consequences. Previous studies have demonstrated a positive correlation between levels of HIV knowledge with ...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Georges Danhoundo, Vaibhav Shah and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:812

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Household food insecurity and lack of education are two of the most remarkable deprivations which developing countries are currently experiencing. Evidences from different studies showed that health and nutrit...

    Authors: Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Girmay Ayana, Aderajew Nigussie and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:802

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Treatment-seeking for childhood fever among caretakers in most rural parts of African region is still a major challenge. The aim of this study was to determine the treatment seeking behaviour for fever in unde...

    Authors: Benson M. Hamooya, Gershom Chongwe, Rosalia Dambe and Hikabasa Halwiindi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:762

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) has increased the number of antigens and injections administered at one visit. There are concerns that more injections at a single immunisation visit could decrease...

    Authors: Hanani Tabana, Lilian D. Dudley, Stephen Knight, Neil Cameron, Hassan Mahomed, Charlyn Goliath, Rudolf Eggers and Charles S. Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:749

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly being challenged in providing care and treatment for chronic diseases, both communicable and non-communicable. In order to address the challenges of linkage to and retention ...

    Authors: Beth Rachlis, Violet Naanyu, Juddy Wachira, Becky Genberg, Beatrice Koech, Regina Kamene, Jackie Akinyi and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:741

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The Dande Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) located in Bengo Province, Angola, covers nearly 65,500 residents living in approximately 19,800 households. This study aims to describe the main cau...

    Authors: Edite Vila Nova Rosário, Diogo Costa, Luís Timóteo, Ana Ambrósio Rodrigues, Jorge Varanda, Susana Vaz Nery and Miguel Brito

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:719

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  23. Content type: Research article

    While surveys in high-income countries show that women generally have poorer self-reported health than men, much less is known about gender differences in other regions of the world. Such data can be used to e...

    Authors: Ties Boerma, Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Emese Verdes and Somnath Chatterji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:675

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Stunting in early life has considerable human and economic costs. The purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with stunting among children aged 0-23 months in Indonesia to inform the design of ...

    Authors: Harriet Torlesse, Aidan Anthony Cronin, Susy Katikana Sebayang and Robin Nandy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:669

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have explored risk factors for poor mental health in Ugandan primary schools. This study investigated whether individual- and contextual-level school-related factors including violence from school ...

    Authors: Barbara F. Thumann, Ula Nur, Dipak Naker and Karen M. Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:662

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Female sex workers (FSWs) are at increased risk of HIV and STIs compared to women in the general population, and frequently experience violence in their working and domestic lives from a variety of perpetrator...

    Authors: Tara S. Beattie, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Prakash Javalkar, Calum Davey, T. Raghavendra, Sapna Nair, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, D. L. Kavitha, James F. Blanchard, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses and Lori Heise

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:660

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Persistent high levels of under-nutrition in India despite economic growth continue to challenge political leadership and policy makers at the highest level. The present inductive enquiry was conducted to map ...

    Authors: S. Chaturvedi, S. Ramji, N. K. Arora, S. Rewal, R. Dasgupta and V. Deshmukh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:632

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, every year 289,000 women die related to pregnancy and its complications. Nearly, all of these deaths occur in developing countries and more than half of this deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Repo...

    Authors: Abdulbasit Musa, Nega Assefa, Fitsum Weldegebreal, Habtamu Mitiku and Zelalem Teklemariam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:614

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Action to avert maternal and child mortality was propelled by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000. The Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region has shown promise in achieving the MDGs in many coun...

    Authors: Lauren Arnesen, Thomas O’Connell, Luisa Brumana and Pablo Durán

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:613

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Recent national surveys in Brazil have demonstrated a decrease in the consumption of traditional food and a parallel increase in the consumption of ultra-processed food, which has contributed to a rise in obes...

    Authors: Sarah Warkentin, Laís Amaral Mais, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell and José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:603

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Ghana’s low investment in household sanitation is evident from the low rates of improved sanitation. This study analysed how land ownership, tenancy security and livelihood patterns are related to sanitation i...

    Authors: Y. Awunyo-Akaba, J. Awunyo-Akaba, M. Gyapong, K. Senah, F. Konradsen and T. Rheinländer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:594

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In an effort to reduce the disease burden in rural Rwanda, decrease poverty associated with expenditures for fuel, and minimize the environmental impact on forests and greenhouse gases from inefficient combust...

    Authors: Christina K. Barstow, Corey L. Nagel, Thomas F. Clasen and Evan A. Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:584

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There is a marked growth in the number of homebound older adults, due mainly to increased life expectancy. Although this group has special characteristics and needs, it has not been properly studied. This stud...

    Authors: Laureano Negrón-Blanco, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta, Javier Almazán, Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez, Esther Franco and Javier Damián

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:574

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In spite of the availability and accessibility of HIV testing opportunities and efforts, people are being late to test in the course of HIV infection. Late diagnosis leads to late anti-retroviral therapy initi...

    Authors: Admassu Assen, Fantahun Molla, Abrham Wondimu, Solomon Abrha, Wondim Melkam, Ebisa Tadesse, Zewdu Yilma, Tadele Eticha, Hagos Abrha and Birhanu Demeke Workneh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:558

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies of loneliness have largely focused on establishing risk factors in specific age groups such as in later life or in young people. Researchers have paid less attention to the link between social...

    Authors: Fredrica Nyqvist, Christina R. Victor, Anna K. Forsman and Mima Cattan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:542

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Increasing evidence suggests that postnatal paternal depression is associated with adverse emotional, behavioural and cognitive outcomes in children. Despite this, few studies have determined the prevalence of...

    Authors: Selina Nath, Lamprini Psychogiou, Willem Kuyken, Tamsin Ford, Elizabeth Ryan and Ginny Russell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:509

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Though research has documented experiences of stigma and its effects on the lives of women living with HIV/AIDS, there is limited research on heterosexual positive HIV men experience of stigma in Nigeria. This...

    Authors: Titilayo Ainegbesua Okoror, Catherine Olufunke Falade, Ebunlomo Mary Walker, Adetayo Olorunlana and Agaptus Anaele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:507

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Food insecurity remains highly prevalent in developing countries and over the past two decades it has increasingly been recognized as a serious public health problem, including in Ethiopia. An emerging body of...

    Authors: Achenef Motbainor, Alemayehu Worku and Abera Kumie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:503

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    The provision of affordable and reliable daycare services is a potentially important policy lever for empowering Indian women. Access to daycare might reduce barriers to labor force entry and generate economic...

    Authors: Arijit Nandi, Shannon Maloney, Parul Agarwal, Anoushaka Chandrashekar and Sam Harper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:490

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent and has detrimental effects on the physical and mental health of women across the world. Despite emerging evidence on the impacts of cash transfers on intima...

    Authors: Ana Maria Buller, Melissa Hidrobo, Amber Peterman and Lori Heise

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:488

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Nutrition transition in developing countries were induced by rapid changes in food patterns and nutrient intake when populations adopt modern lifestyles during economic and social development, urbanization and...

    Authors: Trias Mahmudiono, Triska Susila Nindya, Dini Ririn Andrias, Hario Megatsari and Richard R. Rosenkranz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:486

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The Programme for the Awareness and Elimination of Diarrhoea (PAED) was a pilot comprehensive diarrhoea prevention and control programme aimed to reduce post-neonatal, all-cause under-five mortality by 15 % in...

    Authors: Samuel Bosomprah, Lauren B. Beach, Laura K. Beres, Jonathan Newman, Kabwe Kapasa, Cheryl Rudd, Lungowe Njobvu, Brad Guffey, Sydney Hubbard, Karen Foo, Carolyn Bolton-Moore, Jeffrey Stringer and Roma Chilengi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:475

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Over half of the world’s children suffer from poor nutrition, and as a consequence they experience delays in physical and mental health, and cognitive development. There is little data evaluating the effects o...

    Authors: Lia C. H. Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Jumana Qamruddin, Christian Ranaivoson, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana, Christine P. Stewart and Ann M. Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:466

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Malaysian fishermen have been identified as a key-affected HIV population with HIV rates 10 times higher than national rates. A number of studies have identified that psychosocial and structural-level stressor...

    Authors: Lynn Murphy Michalopoulos, Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Martin K. K. Choo, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Nabila El-Bassel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:464

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