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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 6 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    Income inequality and national wealth are strong determinants for health, but few studies have systematically investigated their influence on mortality across the early life-course, particularly outside the hi...

    Authors: Joseph L. Ward and Russell M. Viner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:429

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Virtually all low- and middle-income countries are undergoing an epidemiological transition whose progression is more varied than experienced in high-income countries. Observed changes in mortality and disease...

    Authors: Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A. Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Samuel J. Clark and Stephen Tollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:424

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  3. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths worldwide, accounting for 370,000 annual deaths and 7% of all injury-related deaths. Low- an...

    Authors: Matthew D. Tyler, David B. Richards, Casper Reske-Nielsen, Omeed Saghafi, Erica A. Morse, Robert Carey and Gabrielle A. Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:413

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Prevalence of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh is 36%, varying with geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Previously, research groups statistically modelled the effect of 10 individual...

    Authors: Sk Masum Billah, Tarana E. Ferdous, Mohd Anisul Karim, Michael J. Dibley, Shahreen Raihana, Md Moinuddin, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, D. M. Emdadul Hoque, Purnima Menon and Shams El Arifeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:375

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of ...

    Authors: Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez and Gunilla Krantz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:335

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is a global public health crisis. In India alone, multi-drug resistant organisms are responsible for over 58,000 infant deaths each year. A major driver of drug resistance is antibiotic m...

    Authors: Anna K. Barker, Kelli Brown, Muneeb Ahsan, Sharmila Sengupta and Nasia Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:333

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress in recent years, Afghanistan is lagging behind in realizing the full potential of immunization. The country is still endemic for polio transmission and measles outbreaks continue to occur. In ...

    Authors: Raveesha R. Mugali, Farooq Mansoor, Sardar Parwiz, Fazil Ahmad, Najibullah Safi, Ariel Higgins-Steele and Sherin Varkey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:290

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide. Although most pregnancies and births are uneventful, approximately 15% of all pregnant women develop potentially life-threatening compl...

    Authors: Resom Tsegay, Alemseged Aregay, Kalayu Kidanu, Mussie Alemayehu and Gebrezigabiher Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:289

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Researchers involved in biomedical community-based projects rarely seek the perspectives of community fieldworkers, who are the ‘foot soldiers’ in such projects. Understanding the effect of biomedical research...

    Authors: Christabelle S. Moyo, Joseph Francis and Pascal O. Bessong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:267

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Perception-based scales are widely used for household food insecurity (HFI) assessment but were only recently added in national surveys. The frequency of assessments needed to characterize dynamics in HFI over...

    Authors: Muzi Na, Bess L. Caswell, Sameera A. Talegawkar and Amanda Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:260

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence suggests that both preventive and curative nutrition interventions are needed to tackle child acute malnutrition (AM) in developing countries. In addition to reducing the incidence of AM, providing pr...

    Authors: Lieven Huybregts, Elodie Becquey, Amanda Zongrone, Agnes Le Port, Regina Khassanova, Lazare Coulibaly, Jef L. Leroy, Rahul Rawat and Marie T. Ruel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:237

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Under-five mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa despite global decline. One quarter of these deaths are preventable through interventions such as immunization. The aim of this study was to examine the ...

    Authors: Sulaimon T. Adedokun, Olalekan A. Uthman, Victor T. Adekanmbi and Charles S. Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:236

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Cervical Cancer (CC) is the number one cancer among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although CC is preventable, most women in developing countries do not have access to screening.

    Authors: Pauline E. Jolly, Simangele Mthethwa-Hleta, Luz A. Padilla, Jessica Pettis, ShaCoria Winston, Tomi F. Akinyemiju, Hannah J. Turner, Amarachi Ejiawoko, Raina Brooks, Lena Preko and Peter O. Preko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:218

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to explore stakeholders' perception of an on-going evidence-based task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) in 32 community health centers and district hospitals in Ghana.

    Authors: Juliet Iwelunmor, Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Sarah Blackstone, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Michael Ntim, Ferdinand Zizi, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Alexis Nang-Belfubah and Gbenga Ogedegbe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:216

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Despite proven efficacy of the prevention mother-to-child transmission of HIV strategy, its adoption in Africa has remained slow. In Kenya, its effectiveness remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess...

    Authors: Everline Ashiono, Dunstan Achwoka, Jamlick Mutugi, Joel Rakwar, Andrew Wafula and Otto Nzapfurundi Chabikuli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:207

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Hunger is associated with food insecurity at the household level and is considered as a global public health problem with long term adverse consequences on children’s health. This study aims to determine the f...

    Authors: Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L. Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:205

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Ba...

    Authors: Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque and Abbas Bhuiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:203

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The government of Kenya launched its community health strategy in 2006 to improve certain aspects of its community health program. Under the strategy, community units (CUs) were established as level one of the...

    Authors: Yoshito Kawakatsu, Junichi Tanaka, Kazuya Ogawa, Kenneth Ogendo and Sumihisa Honda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:202

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Between 1955 and 2011 there were marked fluctuations in suicide rates in Sri Lanka; incidence increased six-fold between 1955 and the 1980s, and halved in the early 21st century. Changes in access to highly to...

    Authors: Duleeka W. Knipe, Prianka Padmanathan, Lal Muthuwatta, Chris Metcalfe and David Gunnell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:193

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Every year, an estimated 19–20 million unsafe abortions take place, almost all in developing countries, leading to 68,000 deaths and millions more injured many permanently. Many women throughout the world, exp...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Henock Yebyo, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alemayehu Bayray, Misganaw Fantahun and Gelila Kidane Goba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:188

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the ...

    Authors: Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola and Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:178

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:243

  22. Content type: Research article

    Diarrheal disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries with children being disproportionately affected. Project SHINE (Sanitation & Hygiene INnovation in Education) is...

    Authors: Erin Hetherington, Matthijs Eggers, Joyce Wamoyi, Jennifer Hatfield, Mange Manyama, Susan Kutz and Sheri Bastien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:172

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Rubella infection can affect several organs and cause birth defects that are responsible for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Congenital hearing loss is the most common symptom of this syndrome, occurring in...

    Authors: Cristina Caroça, Vera Vicente, Paula Campelo, Maria Chasqueira, Helena Caria, Susana Silva, Paulo Paixão and João Paço

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:146

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The adolescent (ages 15–19) and young adult (ages 20–24) years are a crucial time as many sexual and reproductive health (SRH) transitions take place in these years. The study of youth SRH transitions in sub-S...

    Authors: Ilene S. Speizer, David Guilkey, Lisa M. Calhoun, Meghan Corroon and Rick O’Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:142

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Currently, family planning metrics derived from nationally-representative household surveys such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) categorise women into those desiring to space or limit (permanently ...

    Authors: Yovitha Sedekia, Rose Nathan, Kathryn Church, Silas Temu, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:134

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the development and implementation of a program to promote prompt and appropriate care seeking for fever in children under the age of five. Designed as a multicomponent program, the interv...

    Authors: Mercy Abbey, L. Kay Bartholomew, Margaret A. Chinbuah, Margaret Gyapong, John O. Gyapong and Bart van den Borne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:120

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study’s purpose was to understand associations between water, sanitation, and child growth.

    Authors: Kirk A. Dearden, Whitney Schott, Benjamin T. Crookston, Debbie L. Humphries, Mary E. Penny and Jere R. Behrman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:110

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    In many low- and middle-income countries, community health volunteers (CHVs) are employed as a key element of the public health system in rural areas with poor accessibility. However, few studies have assessed...

    Authors: Yeonji Ma, Heunghee Kim, Yinseo Cho, Jaeeun Lee, Joseph Kwami Degley, Abdul-Ghaffa Adam, Gyuhong Lee, Hoonsang Lee and Seungman Cha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:95

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak fur...

    Authors: Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil and Saïd Laaziz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:84

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Austr...

    Authors: Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa’avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione and Lisa Schubert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:77

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic s...

    Authors: Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A. Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J. Michael Oakes and Jhumka Gupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:75

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Infant mortality is one of the priority public health issues in developing countries like Nepal. The infant mortality rate (IMR) was 48 and 46 per 1000 live births for the year 2006 and 2011, respectively, a s...

    Authors: Reeta Lamichhane, Yun Zhao, Susan Paudel and Emmanuel O. Adewuyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:53

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Violence and Injuries are a significant global public health concern characterized by marked regional variation in incidence. Approximately five million people die from injuries each year, accounting 9% of all...

    Authors: Gladwell Koku Gathecha, Wilfred Mwai Githinji and Alfred Karagu Maina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:34

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Maternal and child malnutrition is widely prevalent in low and middle income countries. In Pakistan, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are the main contributors to poor health, low survival rates and...

    Authors: Sumra Kureishy, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Arrif, Khizar Ashraf, Angela Cespedes, Muhammad Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Imran Ahmed, Shehla Zaidi and Sajid Bashir Soofi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:24

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Reduction of mortality and morbidity from vaccine-preventable diseases in developing countries involves successfully implementing strategies that ensure high coverage and minimize drop-outs and missed opportun...

    Authors: Asamnew Zewdie, Mekitew Letebo and Tinsae Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1240

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Sow...

    Authors: Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J. Lachowsky, Robert S. Hogg, Cari L. Miller and Angela Kaida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1191

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Data on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among indigenous populations are needed for interventions to improve health care. We conducted a survey in 2013 among rural indigenous Mbororo, Fulbe and other ethnic g...

    Authors: Nyuyki Clement Kufe, George Ngufor, George Mbeh and Jean Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1188

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  38. Content type: Research article

    With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the soci...

    Authors: Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman and Jacqueline EW Broerse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1183

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  39. Content type: Research article

    To reach global and national goals for maternal and child mortality, countries must identify vulnerable populations, which includes sex workers and their children. The objective of this study was to identify a...

    Authors: Brian Willis, Saki Onda and Hanni Marie Stoklosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1176

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Globally, one in ten individuals practice open defecation. Despite media speculation that it increases women’s risk of sexual violence, little empirical evidence supports the claims. We investigate the relatio...

    Authors: Apoorva Jadhav, Abigail Weitzman and Emily Smith-Greenaway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1139

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Women are disproportionally affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The determinants of gender inequality in HIV/AIDS may vary acro...

    Authors: Drissa Sia, Yentéma Onadja, Mohammad Hajizadeh, S. Jody Heymann, Timothy F. Brewer and Arijit Nandi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1136

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Zambia, despite considerable efforts to control and prevent it. With this study, we aim to understand how perceptions and cultural, social, economic, and org...

    Authors: Anne Lia Cremers, René Gerrets, Nathan Kapata, Austin Kabika, Emma Birnie, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Martin P. Grobusch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1130

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Swaziland has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa, 26 % of the adult population is infected with HIV. The prevalence is highest among pregnant women, at 41.1 %. According to Swaziland...

    Authors: Leila Katirayi, Caspian Chouraya, Kwashie Kudiabor, Mohammed Ali Mahdi, Mary Pat Kieffer, Karen Marie Moland and Thorkild Tylleskar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1119

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Possible serious bacterial infection (PBSI) is a major cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. We studied risk factors for PSBI in a large rural population in central India where facility deliveries have increa...

    Authors: Marie E. Wang, Archana B. Patel, Nellie I. Hansen, Lauren Arlington, Amber Prakash and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1097

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of chi...

    Authors: Omar Ali Juma, Zachary Obinna Enumah, Hannah Wheatley, Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Seif Shekalaghe, Ali Ali, Shishira Mgonia and Salim Abdulla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1094

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Post-abortion contraceptive use in India is low and the use of modern methods of contraception is rare, especially in rural areas. This study primarily compares contraceptive use among women whose abortion out...

    Authors: Mandira Paul, Sharad D. Iyengar, Birgitta Essén, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Kirti Iyengar, Johan Bring and Marie Klingberg-Allvin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1087

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The specific age to which an HIV infected child can be disclosed to is stipulated to begin between ages 4 and 6 years. It has also been documented that before disclosure of HIV positive status to the infected ...

    Authors: Adellah Sariah, Joan Rugemalila, Magreat Somba, Anna Minja, Margareth Makuchilo, Edith Tarimo, David Urassa and Helen Siril

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1083

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