Skip to main content


Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 6 of 16

  1. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of HIV in Ghana is 1.3%, compared to 17% among men who have sex with men (MSM). There is limited empirical data on the current health care climate and its impact on HIV prevention services for G...

    Authors: Sameer Kushwaha, Yasmin Lalani, Geoffrey Maina, Adedotun Ogunbajo, Leo Wilton, Thomas Agyarko-Poku, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Francis Boakye, Nanhua Zhang and LaRon E. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:770

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Adoption of modern contraceptive methods after menstrual regulation (MR) is thought to reduce subsequent unwanted pregnancy and abortion. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at r...

    Authors: Kate Reiss, Kathryn Andersen, Sharmani Barnard, Thoai D. Ngo, Kamal Biswas, Christopher Smith, James Carpenter, Kathryn Church, Sadid Nuremowla and Erin Pearson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:769

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Young adolescents and unmarried women in low and middle income countries face challenges in accessing family planning services. One factor likely to limit contraceptive use is the attitude and opinion of local...

    Authors: Yovitha Sedekia, Caroline Jones, Rose Nathan, Joanna Schellenberg and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:768

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high burden of disability in Ethiopia, little is known about it, particularly in the study area. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with disability at Daba...

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Solomon Mekonnen, Gashaw Andargie, Yigzaw Kebede, Mezgebu Yitayal, Kassahun Alemu, Tadesse Awoke, Mamo Wubeshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Amare Tariku, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Alemayehu Shimeka and Zemichael Gizaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:762

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Reliable national data on disability which is internationally comparable is needed in Malaysia. This study aims to examine the prevalence of disability among adults in Malaysia and its determinants, particular...

    Authors: Noor Ani Ahmad, Noraida Mohamad Kasim, Nur Azna Mahmud, Yusniza Mohd Yusof, Salimah Othman, Ying Ying Chan, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Muslimah Yusof, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Norazizah Ibrahim Wong and Tahir Aris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:756

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Lay health workers (LHWs) are increasingly used to complement health services internationally. Their perceptions of the interventions they implement and their experiences in delivering community based interven...

    Authors: Arun S. Shet, Abha Rao, Paul Jebaraj, Maya Mascarenhas, Merrick Zwarenstein, Maria Rosaria Galanti and Salla Atkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:720

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Body mass index (BMI) cut-off values (>25 and >30) that predict diabetes risk have been well validated in Caucasian populations but less so in Asian populations. We aimed to determine the BMI threshold associated...

    Authors: Keren Papier, Catherine D’Este, Chris Bain, Cathy Banwell, Sam-ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh and Susan Jordan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:707

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    The need to promote maternal health in Ghana has committed the government to extend maternal healthcare services to the door steps of rural families through the community-based Health Planning and Services. Ba...

    Authors: Bassoumah Bougangue and How Kee Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:693

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh faces daunting challenges in addressing the sanitation needs of its urban poor. Maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of communal toilets is dependent upon periodic emptying of fecal sludge,...

    Authors: Farzana Yeasmin, Stephen P. Luby, Ronald E. Saxton, Fosiul A. Nizame, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Notan Chandra Dutta, Abdullah-Al Masud, Dalia Yeasmin, Anita Layden, Habibur Rahman, Rachel Abbott, Leanne Unicomb and Peter J. Winch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:682

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Communication is of paramount importance in responding to health crises. We studied the media messages put forth by different stakeholders in two Ebola vaccine trials that became controversial in Ghana. These ...

    Authors: Per Egil Kummervold, William S. Schulz, Elizabeth Smout, Luis Fernandez-Luque and Heidi J. Larson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:642

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Family planning is an integral component of maternal and child health services in Ghana. Although knowledge on contraception is universal and most women attend maternal and child health services, contraceptive...

    Authors: Caroline Wuni, Cornelius A. Turpin and Edward T. Dassah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:79

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  12. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determinatio...

    Authors: Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano and Anne Hatløy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:74

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  13. Content type: Research article

    As more countries worldwide develop national viral hepatitis strategies, it is important to ask whether context-specific factors affect their decision-making. This study aimed to determine whether country-leve...

    Authors: Jeffrey V Lazarus, Ida Sperle, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Charles Gore, Beatriz Cebolla and Alexander Spina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:16

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  14. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is a global health issue and is currently increasing at rapid pace in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Although, some studies on hypertension have been conducted in Bangladesh, there is...

    Authors: Nurshad Ali, Shakil Mahmood, M. Manirujjaman, Rasheda Perveen, Abdullah Al Nahid, Shamim Ahmed, Farida Adib Khanum and Mustafizur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:58

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  15. Content type: Research article

    Food insecurity is a very common problem in developing countries particularly among the poorer households. Very few studies have tested the association between adult smoking and food insecurity.

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and N. Ramakrishnareddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:48

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  16. Content type: Research article

    Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four r...

    Authors: K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:45

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  17. Content type: Study protocol

    The prevalence of acute malnutrition is often high in emergency-affected populations and is associated with elevated mortality risk and long-term health consequences. Increasingly, cash transfer programmes (CT...

    Authors: Mohamed Jelle, Carlos S. Grijalva-Eternod, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Sarah King, Cassy L. Cox, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Joanna Morrison, Timothy Colbourn, Edward Fottrell and Andrew J. Seal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:632

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    The expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) is one of the most cost-effective interventions to reduce childhood mortality and morbidity. However, determinants of childhood immunization have not been well stud...

    Authors: Mouhamed Abdou Salam Mbengue, Moussa Sarr, Adama Faye, Ousseynou Badiane, Fatou Bintou Niang Camara, Souleymane Mboup and Tandakha Ndiaye Dieye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:630

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Preventing unwanted pregnancies in Women Living with HIV (WLHIV) is a recognised HIV-prevention strategy. This study explores the fertility intentions and contraceptive practices of WLHIV using services in Kenya.

    Authors: Susannah H. Mayhew, Manuela Colombini, James Kelly Kimani, Keith Tomlin, Charlotte E. Warren and Richard Mutemwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:626

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    There is limited knowledge about dietary quality among the adult population in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to describe dietary quality among the adult Saharawi refugee population ...

    Authors: Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Navnit Kaur Grewal, Ida Sophie Kaasa, Anne Hatloy, Ingrid Barikmo and Sigrun Henjum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:621

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    There is a high unmet need for limiting and spacing child births during the postpartum period. Given the consequences of closely spaced births, and the benefits of longer pregnancy intervals, targeted activiti...

    Authors: Rose Jalang’o, Faith Thuita, Sammy O. Barasa and Peter Njoroge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:604

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Sex workers in Uganda are at significant risk for HIV infection. We characterized the HIV epidemic among Kampala female sex workers (FSW).

    Authors: Wolfgang Hladik, Andrew L. Baughman, David Serwadda, Jordan W. Tappero, Rachel Kwezi, Namakula D. Nakato and Joseph Barker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:565

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) face various day-to-day and long-term personal, interpersonal, social, physical and psychological challenges as a result of, and in addition to the health conditions they ar...

    Authors: Catherine O. Egbe, Patrick S. Dakum, Ernest Ekong, Brandon A. Kohrt, John G. Minto and Cynthia J. Ticao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:542

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Acute malnutrition is a public health issue worldwide, and particularly in the Eastern region of Burkina Faso. Following a needs assessment, unconditional seasonal, multiannual cash transfers were implemented ...

    Authors: Audrey Tonguet-Papucci, Freddy Houngbe, Palamanga Lompo, Wambi Maurice Evariste Yameogo, Jean-François Huneau, Myriam Ait Aissa and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:527

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    In rural Bangladesh, India and elsewhere, pour-flush pit latrines are the most common sanitation system. When a single pit latrine becomes full, users must empty it themselves and risk exposure to fresh feces,...

    Authors: Faruqe Hussain, Thomas Clasen, Shahinoor Akter, Victoria Bawel, Stephen P. Luby, Elli Leontsini, Leanne Unicomb, Milan Kanti Barua, Brittany Thomas and Peter J. Winch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:515

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research Article

    The effect of food insecurity on health and wellbeing of a population has been the subject of much research. Yet, limited research has investigated its effect on adolescents’ health and wellbeing in Ethiopia.

    Authors: Mulusew G. Jebena, David Lindstrom, Carl Lachat, Tefera Belachew and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:465

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Solid medical waste (SMW) in households is perceived to pose minimal risks to the public compared to SMW generated from healthcare facilities. While waste from healthcare facilities is subject to recommended s...

    Authors: Emilia Asuquo Udofia, Gabriel Gulis and Julius Fobil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:464

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world’s population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using soli...

    Authors: Megha Thakur, Esther A. Boudewijns, Giridhara R. Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P. de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T. Ghergu and Onno C. P. van Schayck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:454

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation program...

    Authors: Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W. Jenkins, Thomas Clasen and Wolf-Peter Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:453

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Poor adherence to micronutrient supplementation often limits the effectiveness of public health programs. While predictors of adherence to micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy are well documented, in...

    Authors: Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Melissa Fox Young, Kimberly B. Harding, Greg Reinhart, Hieu Nguyen, Meredith Nechitillo, Truong V Truong, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette M. Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell and Usha Ramakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:452

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Income inequality and national wealth are strong determinants for health, but few studies have systematically investigated their influence on mortality across the early life-course, particularly outside the hi...

    Authors: Joseph L. Ward and Russell M. Viner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:429

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Virtually all low- and middle-income countries are undergoing an epidemiological transition whose progression is more varied than experienced in high-income countries. Observed changes in mortality and disease...

    Authors: Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A. Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Samuel J. Clark and Stephen Tollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:424

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths worldwide, accounting for 370,000 annual deaths and 7% of all injury-related deaths. Low- an...

    Authors: Matthew D. Tyler, David B. Richards, Casper Reske-Nielsen, Omeed Saghafi, Erica A. Morse, Robert Carey and Gabrielle A. Jacquet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:413

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Prevalence of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh is 36%, varying with geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Previously, research groups statistically modelled the effect of 10 individual...

    Authors: Sk Masum Billah, Tarana E. Ferdous, Mohd Anisul Karim, Michael J. Dibley, Shahreen Raihana, Md Moinuddin, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, D. M. Emdadul Hoque, Purnima Menon and Shams El Arifeen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:375

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of ...

    Authors: Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez and Gunilla Krantz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:335

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is a global public health crisis. In India alone, multi-drug resistant organisms are responsible for over 58,000 infant deaths each year. A major driver of drug resistance is antibiotic m...

    Authors: Anna K. Barker, Kelli Brown, Muneeb Ahsan, Sharmila Sengupta and Nasia Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:333

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress in recent years, Afghanistan is lagging behind in realizing the full potential of immunization. The country is still endemic for polio transmission and measles outbreaks continue to occur. In ...

    Authors: Raveesha R. Mugali, Farooq Mansoor, Sardar Parwiz, Fazil Ahmad, Najibullah Safi, Ariel Higgins-Steele and Sherin Varkey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:290

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide. Although most pregnancies and births are uneventful, approximately 15% of all pregnant women develop potentially life-threatening compl...

    Authors: Resom Tsegay, Alemseged Aregay, Kalayu Kidanu, Mussie Alemayehu and Gebrezigabiher Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:289

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Researchers involved in biomedical community-based projects rarely seek the perspectives of community fieldworkers, who are the ‘foot soldiers’ in such projects. Understanding the effect of biomedical research...

    Authors: Christabelle S. Moyo, Joseph Francis and Pascal O. Bessong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:267

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Perception-based scales are widely used for household food insecurity (HFI) assessment but were only recently added in national surveys. The frequency of assessments needed to characterize dynamics in HFI over...

    Authors: Muzi Na, Bess L. Caswell, Sameera A. Talegawkar and Amanda Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:260

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence suggests that both preventive and curative nutrition interventions are needed to tackle child acute malnutrition (AM) in developing countries. In addition to reducing the incidence of AM, providing pr...

    Authors: Lieven Huybregts, Elodie Becquey, Amanda Zongrone, Agnes Le Port, Regina Khassanova, Lazare Coulibaly, Jef L. Leroy, Rahul Rawat and Marie T. Ruel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:237

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Under-five mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa despite global decline. One quarter of these deaths are preventable through interventions such as immunization. The aim of this study was to examine the ...

    Authors: Sulaimon T. Adedokun, Olalekan A. Uthman, Victor T. Adekanmbi and Charles S. Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:236

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Cervical Cancer (CC) is the number one cancer among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although CC is preventable, most women in developing countries do not have access to screening.

    Authors: Pauline E. Jolly, Simangele Mthethwa-Hleta, Luz A. Padilla, Jessica Pettis, ShaCoria Winston, Tomi F. Akinyemiju, Hannah J. Turner, Amarachi Ejiawoko, Raina Brooks, Lena Preko and Peter O. Preko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:218

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to explore stakeholders' perception of an on-going evidence-based task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) in 32 community health centers and district hospitals in Ghana.

    Authors: Juliet Iwelunmor, Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Sarah Blackstone, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Michael Ntim, Ferdinand Zizi, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Alexis Nang-Belfubah and Gbenga Ogedegbe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:216

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite proven efficacy of the prevention mother-to-child transmission of HIV strategy, its adoption in Africa has remained slow. In Kenya, its effectiveness remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess...

    Authors: Everline Ashiono, Dunstan Achwoka, Jamlick Mutugi, Joel Rakwar, Andrew Wafula and Otto Nzapfurundi Chabikuli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:207

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Hunger is associated with food insecurity at the household level and is considered as a global public health problem with long term adverse consequences on children’s health. This study aims to determine the f...

    Authors: Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L. Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:205

    Published on: