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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 5 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    Between 1955 and 2011 there were marked fluctuations in suicide rates in Sri Lanka; incidence increased six-fold between 1955 and the 1980s, and halved in the early 21st century. Changes in access to highly to...

    Authors: Duleeka W. Knipe, Prianka Padmanathan, Lal Muthuwatta, Chris Metcalfe and David Gunnell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:193

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Every year, an estimated 19–20 million unsafe abortions take place, almost all in developing countries, leading to 68,000 deaths and millions more injured many permanently. Many women throughout the world, exp...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Henock Yebyo, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alemayehu Bayray, Misganaw Fantahun and Gelila Kidane Goba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:188

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the ...

    Authors: Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola and Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:178

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:243

  4. Content type: Research article

    Diarrheal disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries with children being disproportionately affected. Project SHINE (Sanitation & Hygiene INnovation in Education) is...

    Authors: Erin Hetherington, Matthijs Eggers, Joyce Wamoyi, Jennifer Hatfield, Mange Manyama, Susan Kutz and Sheri Bastien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:172

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Rubella infection can affect several organs and cause birth defects that are responsible for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Congenital hearing loss is the most common symptom of this syndrome, occurring in...

    Authors: Cristina Caroça, Vera Vicente, Paula Campelo, Maria Chasqueira, Helena Caria, Susana Silva, Paulo Paixão and João Paço

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:146

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The adolescent (ages 15–19) and young adult (ages 20–24) years are a crucial time as many sexual and reproductive health (SRH) transitions take place in these years. The study of youth SRH transitions in sub-S...

    Authors: Ilene S. Speizer, David Guilkey, Lisa M. Calhoun, Meghan Corroon and Rick O’Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:142

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Currently, family planning metrics derived from nationally-representative household surveys such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) categorise women into those desiring to space or limit (permanently ...

    Authors: Yovitha Sedekia, Rose Nathan, Kathryn Church, Silas Temu, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:134

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the development and implementation of a program to promote prompt and appropriate care seeking for fever in children under the age of five. Designed as a multicomponent program, the interv...

    Authors: Mercy Abbey, L. Kay Bartholomew, Margaret A. Chinbuah, Margaret Gyapong, John O. Gyapong and Bart van den Borne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:120

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  9. Content type: Research article

    This study’s purpose was to understand associations between water, sanitation, and child growth.

    Authors: Kirk A. Dearden, Whitney Schott, Benjamin T. Crookston, Debbie L. Humphries, Mary E. Penny and Jere R. Behrman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:110

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    In many low- and middle-income countries, community health volunteers (CHVs) are employed as a key element of the public health system in rural areas with poor accessibility. However, few studies have assessed...

    Authors: Yeonji Ma, Heunghee Kim, Yinseo Cho, Jaeeun Lee, Joseph Kwami Degley, Abdul-Ghaffa Adam, Gyuhong Lee, Hoonsang Lee and Seungman Cha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:95

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak fur...

    Authors: Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil and Saïd Laaziz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:84

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Austr...

    Authors: Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa’avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione and Lisa Schubert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:77

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic s...

    Authors: Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A. Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J. Michael Oakes and Jhumka Gupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:75

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Infant mortality is one of the priority public health issues in developing countries like Nepal. The infant mortality rate (IMR) was 48 and 46 per 1000 live births for the year 2006 and 2011, respectively, a s...

    Authors: Reeta Lamichhane, Yun Zhao, Susan Paudel and Emmanuel O. Adewuyi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:53

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Violence and Injuries are a significant global public health concern characterized by marked regional variation in incidence. Approximately five million people die from injuries each year, accounting 9% of all...

    Authors: Gladwell Koku Gathecha, Wilfred Mwai Githinji and Alfred Karagu Maina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:34

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Maternal and child malnutrition is widely prevalent in low and middle income countries. In Pakistan, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are the main contributors to poor health, low survival rates and...

    Authors: Sumra Kureishy, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Arrif, Khizar Ashraf, Angela Cespedes, Muhammad Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Imran Ahmed, Shehla Zaidi and Sajid Bashir Soofi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:24

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Reduction of mortality and morbidity from vaccine-preventable diseases in developing countries involves successfully implementing strategies that ensure high coverage and minimize drop-outs and missed opportun...

    Authors: Asamnew Zewdie, Mekitew Letebo and Tinsae Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1240

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Sow...

    Authors: Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J. Lachowsky, Robert S. Hogg, Cari L. Miller and Angela Kaida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1191

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Data on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among indigenous populations are needed for interventions to improve health care. We conducted a survey in 2013 among rural indigenous Mbororo, Fulbe and other ethnic g...

    Authors: Nyuyki Clement Kufe, George Ngufor, George Mbeh and Jean Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1188

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  20. Content type: Research article

    With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the soci...

    Authors: Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman and Jacqueline EW Broerse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1183

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  21. Content type: Research article

    To reach global and national goals for maternal and child mortality, countries must identify vulnerable populations, which includes sex workers and their children. The objective of this study was to identify a...

    Authors: Brian Willis, Saki Onda and Hanni Marie Stoklosa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1176

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Globally, one in ten individuals practice open defecation. Despite media speculation that it increases women’s risk of sexual violence, little empirical evidence supports the claims. We investigate the relatio...

    Authors: Apoorva Jadhav, Abigail Weitzman and Emily Smith-Greenaway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1139

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Women are disproportionally affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The determinants of gender inequality in HIV/AIDS may vary acro...

    Authors: Drissa Sia, Yentéma Onadja, Mohammad Hajizadeh, S. Jody Heymann, Timothy F. Brewer and Arijit Nandi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1136

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Zambia, despite considerable efforts to control and prevent it. With this study, we aim to understand how perceptions and cultural, social, economic, and org...

    Authors: Anne Lia Cremers, René Gerrets, Nathan Kapata, Austin Kabika, Emma Birnie, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Martin P. Grobusch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1130

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Swaziland has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa, 26 % of the adult population is infected with HIV. The prevalence is highest among pregnant women, at 41.1 %. According to Swaziland...

    Authors: Leila Katirayi, Caspian Chouraya, Kwashie Kudiabor, Mohammed Ali Mahdi, Mary Pat Kieffer, Karen Marie Moland and Thorkild Tylleskar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1119

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Possible serious bacterial infection (PBSI) is a major cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. We studied risk factors for PSBI in a large rural population in central India where facility deliveries have increa...

    Authors: Marie E. Wang, Archana B. Patel, Nellie I. Hansen, Lauren Arlington, Amber Prakash and Patricia L. Hibberd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1097

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of chi...

    Authors: Omar Ali Juma, Zachary Obinna Enumah, Hannah Wheatley, Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Seif Shekalaghe, Ali Ali, Shishira Mgonia and Salim Abdulla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1094

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Post-abortion contraceptive use in India is low and the use of modern methods of contraception is rare, especially in rural areas. This study primarily compares contraceptive use among women whose abortion out...

    Authors: Mandira Paul, Sharad D. Iyengar, Birgitta Essén, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Kirti Iyengar, Johan Bring and Marie Klingberg-Allvin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1087

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The specific age to which an HIV infected child can be disclosed to is stipulated to begin between ages 4 and 6 years. It has also been documented that before disclosure of HIV positive status to the infected ...

    Authors: Adellah Sariah, Joan Rugemalila, Magreat Somba, Anna Minja, Margareth Makuchilo, Edith Tarimo, David Urassa and Helen Siril

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1083

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Peru has made great improvements in reducing stunting and child mortality in the past decade, and has reached the Millennium Development Goals 1 and 4. The remaining challenges or missed opportunities for chil...

    Authors: Yvonne Tam, Luis Huicho, Carlos A. Huayanay-Espinoza and María Clara Restrepo-Méndez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1048

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has demonstrated health benefits of marriage and the potential for worse outcomes during widowhood in some populations. However, few studies have assessed the relevance of widowhood and widow...

    Authors: Jessica M. Perkins, Hwa-young Lee, K. S. James, Juhwan Oh, Aditi Krishna, Jongho Heo, Jong-koo Lee and S. V. Subramanian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1032

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Due to climate change, extreme weather events have an incremental impact on human health. Injuries and mental health disorders are a particular burden of disease, which is broadly investigated in high income c...

    Authors: Elisabeth Rataj, Katharina Kunzweiler and Susan Garthus-Niegel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1020

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, epidemiological studies have reported an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) among people living with HIV. NCD management can be feasibly integrated into HIV care; howev...

    Authors: Claudia Leung, Eric Aris, Aisa Mhalu, Hellen Siril, Beatrice Christian, Happiness Koda, Talumba Samatta, Martha Tsere Maghimbi, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Guerino Chalamilla and Claudia Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1002

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is still gaining ground in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially among socially disadvantaged groups. People living with HIV represent a subgroup with a significantly elevated prevalence of cigarette smoking....

    Authors: Olalekan A. Uthman, Anna Mia Ekström and Tahereh T. Moradi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:998

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The suitability of using clinical assessment to identify patients with podoconiosis in endemic communities has previously been demonstrated. In this study, we explored the feasibility and accuracy of using Com...

    Authors: Samuel Wanji, Jonas A. Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice R. Datchoua-Poutcheu, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Dizzel Bita Tayong, David D. Sofeu-Feugaing, Nathalie Amvongo-Adjia, Bridget A. Fovennso, Yolande F. Longang-Tchounkeu, Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Peter A. Enyong, Melanie J. Newport and Gail Davey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:997

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Incompleteness of vaccination coverage among children is a major public health concern because itcontinues to sustain a high prevalence of vaccine-preventable diseases in some countries. In Togo, very few data...

    Authors: Dadja Essoya Landoh, Farihétou Ouro-kavalah, Issifou Yaya, Anna-Lea Kahn, Peter Wasswa, Anani Lacle, Danladi Ibrahim Nassoury, Sheba Nakacubo Gitta and Abdramane Bassiahi Soura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:968

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol use is a major public health problem with vast implications for poor, war-torn countries. The objective of this study was to describe prevalence of alcohol use and risky drinking across socio-demograph...

    Authors: Lars Lien, Edvard Hauff, Priscilla Martinez, Arne H. Eide, Leslie Swarts and Touraj Ayazi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:937

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, female smoking rates are currently low (1 %). However, because of male smoking rates (overall 7.7 % and up to 27 % depending on region), women and children’s risk of second hand smoke (SHS) exposu...

    Authors: Anne Berit Petersen, Lisa M. Thompson, Gezahegn Bekele Dadi, Alemu Tolcha and Janine K. Cataldo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:910

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an EPI smartphone application (EPI app) on improving vaccination coverage in rural Sichuan Province, China.

    Authors: Li Chen, Xiaozhen Du, Lin Zhang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Qiong Wu, Ruikan Yang, Ying Cao, Wei Wang, Lihui Xie, Xiuqin Rao, Yanfeng Zhang and Jeanne Catherine Koepsell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:909

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance is an issue of growing global concern. One key strategy to minimise further development of resistance is the rational use of antibiotics, by providers and patients alike. Through integrat...

    Authors: Kirstie Graham, Chomba Sinyangwe, Sarala Nicholas, Rebecca King, Samuel Mukupa, Karin Källander, Helen Counihan, Mark Montague, James Tibenderana and Prudence Hamade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:897

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy is a term employed to assess the ability of people to meet the increasing demands related to health in a rapidly evolving society. Low health literacy can affect the social determinants of heal...

    Authors: Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Karthyayani Priya Satish, Jayadevan Sreedharan and Halah Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:831

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea remains a high burden disease, responsible for nine percent of deaths in children under five globally. We analyzed diarrhea management practices in young children and their association with the source...

    Authors: Liliana Carvajal-Vélez, Agbessi Amouzou, Jamie Perin, Abdoulaye Maïga, Hayalnesh Tarekegn, Akanni Akinyemi, Solomon Shiferaw, Mark Young, Jennifer Bryce and Holly Newby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:830

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Globally, women share an indiscriminate burden of the HIV epidemic and the associated socioeconomic consequences. Previous studies have demonstrated a positive correlation between levels of HIV knowledge with ...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Georges Danhoundo, Vaibhav Shah and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:812

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Household food insecurity and lack of education are two of the most remarkable deprivations which developing countries are currently experiencing. Evidences from different studies showed that health and nutrit...

    Authors: Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Girmay Ayana, Aderajew Nigussie and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:802

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Treatment-seeking for childhood fever among caretakers in most rural parts of African region is still a major challenge. The aim of this study was to determine the treatment seeking behaviour for fever in unde...

    Authors: Benson M. Hamooya, Gershom Chongwe, Rosalia Dambe and Hikabasa Halwiindi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:762

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