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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 4 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    Non-exclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF) is a risk factor for many of the 2300 under-five deaths occurring daily in Nigeria – a developing country with approximately 40 million children. This study aimed to quant...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Andrew Page, John Idoko and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:247

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to its negative effects on health. However, to date, no epidemiological research has examined high-risk sexual behaviors (inconsistent condom...

    Authors: Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Nyein Chan, Su Myat Cho and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:209

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although acute diarrhea often leads to acute dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, children with diarrhea also suffer long term morbidity, including recurrent or prolonged diarrhea, loss of weight, and linear...

    Authors: Patricia B. Pavlinac, Rebecca L. Brander, Hannah E. Atlas, Grace C. John-Stewart, Donna M. Denno and Judd L. Walson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:208

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of home fortification with iron-containing micronutrient powders varies between trials, perhaps in part due to population differences in adherence. We aimed to assess to what extent adherence meas...

    Authors: Emily M. Teshome, Veronica S. Oriaro, Pauline E. A. Andango, Andrew M. Prentice and Hans Verhoef

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:205

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh is one of the 20 countries with highest burden of stunting globally. A large portion (around 2.2 million) of the population dwells in the slum areas under severe vulnerable conditions. Children resi...

    Authors: M. Munirul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin, Mustafa Mahfuz, A. M. Shamsir Ahmed, Dinesh Mondal, Rashidul Haque and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:197

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  6. Content type: Research article

    For women living with HIV (WLWH) in low- and middle-income countries, World Health Organization (WHO) infant feeding guidelines now recommend exclusive breastfeeding until six months followed by mixed feeding ...

    Authors: Emma Dunkley, Scholastic Ashaba, Bridget Burns, Kasey O’Neil, Naomi Sanyu, Cecilia Akatukwasa, Jasmine Kastner, Nicole S. Berry, Christina Psaros, Lynn T. Matthews and Angela Kaida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:188

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    To achieve a world free of schistosomiasis, the objective is to scale up control and elimination efforts in all endemic countries. Where interruption of transmission is considered feasible, countries are encou...

    Authors: Yves-Nathan T. Tian-Bi, Mamadou Ouattara, Stefanie Knopp, Jean T. Coulibaly, Eveline Hürlimann, Bonnie Webster, Fiona Allan, David Rollinson, Aboulaye Meïté, Nana R. Diakité, Cyrille K. Konan, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:186

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The home food environment has the potential to influence the eating behaviour of adolescents. This investigation aimed to understand Indian adolescents’ perspectives of their home food environments.

    Authors: Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell and Anthony Worsley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:169

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common form of violence in conflict and post-conflict settings, but there are few evaluations of interventions to prevent IPV in such settings.

    Authors: Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Mohammed Shafiq, Frozan Marofi, Anna Mecagni, Carron Mann, Fazal Karim, Esnat Chirwa, Charlotte Maxwell-Jones and Rachel Jewkes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:164

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Livelihoods strategies and food security experiences can positively and negatively affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. This study contributes to this literature by exploring how variation i...

    Authors: Bailey Hanselman, Ramya Ambikapathi, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Laura E. Caulfield and Crystal L. Patil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:159

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence ...

    Authors: Janet Njelesani, Goli Hashemi, Cathy Cameron, Deb Cameron, Danielle Richard and Penny Parnes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:153

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  12. Content type: Research article

    New technological breakthroughs in biomedicine should have made it easier for countries to improve life expectancy at birth (LEB). This paper measures the pace of improvement in the decadal gains of LEB, for t...

    Authors: Carolina Cardona and David Bishai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:151

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  13. Content type: Research article

    East and South Africa contributes 59% of all pediatric HIV infections globally. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among HIV exposed infants was estimated at 5.3% in 2014. Understanding the remaining bottlenecks to eli...

    Authors: Methuselah Muhindo Kahungu, Julius Kiwanuka, Frank Kaharuza and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:139

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  14. Content type: Debate

    Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs th...

    Authors: K. A. Franc, R. C. Krecek, B. N. Häsler and A. M. Arenas-Gamboa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:125

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The global coverage rate of birth registration is only around 65% for the population of children under five although birth registration secures protection and access to health services that are fundamental rig...

    Authors: Marika Nomura, Phonepadith Xangsayarath, Kenzo Takahashi, Yusuke Kamiya, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Hina Ogino and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:116

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Severe wasting affects 16 million under 5’s and carries an immediate risk of death. Prevalence remains unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa and early infancy is a high-risk period. We aimed to explore risk ...

    Authors: Helen M. Nabwera, Sophie E. Moore, Martha K. Mwangome, Sassy C. Molyneux, Momodou K. Darboe, Nyima Camara-Trawally, Bakary Sonko, Alhagie Darboe, Seedy Singhateh, Anthony J. Fulford and Andrew M. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:109

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is faced with a rapidly increasing burden of non-communicable diseases including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The UAE Healthy Future study is a prospective coho...

    Authors: Abdishakur Abdulle, Abdullah Alnaeemi, Abdullah Aljunaibi, Abdulrahman Al Ali, Khaled Al Saedi, Eiman Al Zaabi, Naima Oumeziane, Marina Al Bastaki, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Fatma Al Maskari, Ayesha Al Dhaheri, Syed M. Shah, Tom Loney, Mohamed El-Sadig, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Leila Abdel Wareth…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:101

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is now one of the leading causes of disease-related deaths globally. India has the world’s second largest number of individuals living with diabetes. Lifestyle change has been p...

    Authors: Elezebeth Mathews, Emma Thomas, Pilvikki Absetz, Fabrizio D’Esposito, Zahra Aziz, Sajitha Balachandran, Meena Daivadanam, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan and Brian Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 17:974

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  19. Content type: Research article

    It is notable that sitting height (SH) correlates with blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents of developed countries. However, little is known about the relationships between SH and SH to height ratio...

    Authors: Nthai E. Ramoshaba, Kotsedi D. Monyeki, Joyce Mpya and Mafolwa S. Monyeki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 17:973

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  20. Content type: Research article

    While mobile health (mHealth) programs are increasingly used to provide health information and deliver interventions, little is known regarding the relative reach and effectiveness of these programs across soc...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:969

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Women bear a disproportionate burden of HIV throughout the world prompting extensive research into HIV prevention products for women which has met with varied success. With an aim of informing future policy an...

    Authors: Robyn Eakle, Adam Bourne, Caitlin Jarrett, Jonathan Stadler and Heidi Larson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:968

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has confronted decades of the HIV epidemic with substantial improvements in access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Now, with improved survival, people living with HIV (PLW...

    Authors: Emily P. Hyle, Bongani M. Mayosi, Keren Middelkoop, Mosepele Mosepele, Emily B. Martey, Rochelle P. Walensky, Linda-Gail Bekker and Virginia A. Triant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:954

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; h...

    Authors: Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L. Hawley, Mayur M. Desai, Ann R. Akiteng, David Guwatudde and Jeremy I. Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:947

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is among the highest in the world with an estimated 160 women dying every day of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In addition to appropriate management of ...

    Authors: Stella Babalola, Olamide Oyenubi, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa Cobb, Akinsewa Akiode and Mojisola Odeku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:942

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan infecting humans and animals. Infection in adults usually causes mild disease but greater importance lies in preventing transplacental t...

    Authors: Devika Iddawela, Sanura Malinda Pallegoda Vithana and Chathura Ratnayake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:930

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  26. Content type: Research article

    People who inject drugs are at high risk of acquiring hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to risky injection and sexual practices. The objective of this study is to...

    Authors: Ahmed Khatib, Eva Matiko, Farhat Khalid, Susie Welty, Ameir Ali, Asha Othman, Shaaban Haji, Mohammed Dahoma and George Rutherford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:917

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Studies evaluating child feeding in Madagascar are scarce despite its importance in child growth during the first two years of life. This study assessed the associations between the WHO infant and young child ...

    Authors: Hasina Rakotomanana, Gail E. Gates, Deana Hildebrand and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:812

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of HIV in Ghana is 1.3%, compared to 17% among men who have sex with men (MSM). There is limited empirical data on the current health care climate and its impact on HIV prevention services for G...

    Authors: Sameer Kushwaha, Yasmin Lalani, Geoffrey Maina, Adedotun Ogunbajo, Leo Wilton, Thomas Agyarko-Poku, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Francis Boakye, Nanhua Zhang and LaRon E. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:770

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Adoption of modern contraceptive methods after menstrual regulation (MR) is thought to reduce subsequent unwanted pregnancy and abortion. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at r...

    Authors: Kate Reiss, Kathryn Andersen, Sharmani Barnard, Thoai D. Ngo, Kamal Biswas, Christopher Smith, James Carpenter, Kathryn Church, Sadid Nuremowla and Erin Pearson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:769

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Young adolescents and unmarried women in low and middle income countries face challenges in accessing family planning services. One factor likely to limit contraceptive use is the attitude and opinion of local...

    Authors: Yovitha Sedekia, Caroline Jones, Rose Nathan, Joanna Schellenberg and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:768

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high burden of disability in Ethiopia, little is known about it, particularly in the study area. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with disability at Daba...

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Solomon Mekonnen, Gashaw Andargie, Yigzaw Kebede, Mezgebu Yitayal, Kassahun Alemu, Tadesse Awoke, Mamo Wubeshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku, Amare Tariku, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Alemayehu Shimeka and Zemichael Gizaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:762

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Reliable national data on disability which is internationally comparable is needed in Malaysia. This study aims to examine the prevalence of disability among adults in Malaysia and its determinants, particular...

    Authors: Noor Ani Ahmad, Noraida Mohamad Kasim, Nur Azna Mahmud, Yusniza Mohd Yusof, Salimah Othman, Ying Ying Chan, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Muslimah Yusof, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Norazizah Ibrahim Wong and Tahir Aris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:756

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Lay health workers (LHWs) are increasingly used to complement health services internationally. Their perceptions of the interventions they implement and their experiences in delivering community based interven...

    Authors: Arun S. Shet, Abha Rao, Paul Jebaraj, Maya Mascarenhas, Merrick Zwarenstein, Maria Rosaria Galanti and Salla Atkins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:720

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Body mass index (BMI) cut-off values (>25 and >30) that predict diabetes risk have been well validated in Caucasian populations but less so in Asian populations. We aimed to determine the BMI threshold associated...

    Authors: Keren Papier, Catherine D’Este, Chris Bain, Cathy Banwell, Sam-ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh and Susan Jordan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:707

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The need to promote maternal health in Ghana has committed the government to extend maternal healthcare services to the door steps of rural families through the community-based Health Planning and Services. Ba...

    Authors: Bassoumah Bougangue and How Kee Ling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:693

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh faces daunting challenges in addressing the sanitation needs of its urban poor. Maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of communal toilets is dependent upon periodic emptying of fecal sludge,...

    Authors: Farzana Yeasmin, Stephen P. Luby, Ronald E. Saxton, Fosiul A. Nizame, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Notan Chandra Dutta, Abdullah-Al Masud, Dalia Yeasmin, Anita Layden, Habibur Rahman, Rachel Abbott, Leanne Unicomb and Peter J. Winch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:682

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Communication is of paramount importance in responding to health crises. We studied the media messages put forth by different stakeholders in two Ebola vaccine trials that became controversial in Ghana. These ...

    Authors: Per Egil Kummervold, William S. Schulz, Elizabeth Smout, Luis Fernandez-Luque and Heidi J. Larson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:642

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Family planning is an integral component of maternal and child health services in Ghana. Although knowledge on contraception is universal and most women attend maternal and child health services, contraceptive...

    Authors: Caroline Wuni, Cornelius A. Turpin and Edward T. Dassah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:79

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  39. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determinatio...

    Authors: Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano and Anne Hatløy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:74

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  40. Content type: Research article

    As more countries worldwide develop national viral hepatitis strategies, it is important to ask whether context-specific factors affect their decision-making. This study aimed to determine whether country-leve...

    Authors: Jeffrey V Lazarus, Ida Sperle, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Charles Gore, Beatriz Cebolla and Alexander Spina

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:16

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  41. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is a global health issue and is currently increasing at rapid pace in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Although, some studies on hypertension have been conducted in Bangladesh, there is...

    Authors: Nurshad Ali, Shakil Mahmood, M. Manirujjaman, Rasheda Perveen, Abdullah Al Nahid, Shamim Ahmed, Farida Adib Khanum and Mustafizur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:58

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  42. Content type: Research article

    Food insecurity is a very common problem in developing countries particularly among the poorer households. Very few studies have tested the association between adult smoking and food insecurity.

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and N. Ramakrishnareddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:48

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  43. Content type: Research article

    Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four r...

    Authors: K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:45

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  44. Content type: Study protocol

    The prevalence of acute malnutrition is often high in emergency-affected populations and is associated with elevated mortality risk and long-term health consequences. Increasingly, cash transfer programmes (CT...

    Authors: Mohamed Jelle, Carlos S. Grijalva-Eternod, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Sarah King, Cassy L. Cox, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Joanna Morrison, Timothy Colbourn, Edward Fottrell and Andrew J. Seal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:632

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) is one of the most cost-effective interventions to reduce childhood mortality and morbidity. However, determinants of childhood immunization have not been well stud...

    Authors: Mouhamed Abdou Salam Mbengue, Moussa Sarr, Adama Faye, Ousseynou Badiane, Fatou Bintou Niang Camara, Souleymane Mboup and Tandakha Ndiaye Dieye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:630

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Preventing unwanted pregnancies in Women Living with HIV (WLHIV) is a recognised HIV-prevention strategy. This study explores the fertility intentions and contraceptive practices of WLHIV using services in Kenya.

    Authors: Susannah H. Mayhew, Manuela Colombini, James Kelly Kimani, Keith Tomlin, Charlotte E. Warren and Richard Mutemwa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:626

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  47. Content type: Research article

    There is limited knowledge about dietary quality among the adult population in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to describe dietary quality among the adult Saharawi refugee population ...

    Authors: Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Navnit Kaur Grewal, Ida Sophie Kaasa, Anne Hatloy, Ingrid Barikmo and Sigrun Henjum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:621

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