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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 3 of 16

  1. Content type: Research article

    Due to the limited evidence of the cost-effectiveness of Community Health Workers (CHW) delivering treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), there is a need to better understand the costs incurred by both...

    Authors: Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero, Deepak Kumar, Sajid Soofi, Shahid Fazal, Karen Martínez, Jose Luis Alvarez Morán and Chloe Puett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:84

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  2. Content type: Correspondence

    On April 28, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared polio a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” (PHIC) under the authority of the International Health Regulations. Although polio has...

    Authors: Shahella Idrees Shakeel, Matthew Brown, Shakeel Sethi and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:79

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  3. Content type: Research article

    As demonstrated by the United Nations High-Level Meeting on tuberculosis (TB) held in September 2018, the political momentum for TB has been increasing. The aim of this study was to analyze the current challen...

    Authors: Haruka Sakamoto, Sangnim Lee, Aya Ishizuka, Eiji Hinoshita, Hiroyuki Hori, Nanao Ishibashi, Kenichi Komada, Masataro Norizuki, Yasushi Katsuma, Hidechika Akashi and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:76

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2 years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards.

    Authors: Roma Chilengi, Mah Asombang, Jillian L. Kadota, Obvious N. Chilyabanyama, Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya, Harriet Ng’ombe, Michelo Simuyandi and Samuel Bosomprah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:61

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia is one of Asia’s countries with the fastest growing rate of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalence of HIV infections in the pro...

    Authors: E. I. Sianturi, D. A. Perwitasari, Md. A. Islam and K. Taxis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:55

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Suboptimal HIV testing rates through available testing approaches such as HIV counselling and testing have directed research efforts toward recognizing the potential of HIV self-testing as an additional testin...

    Authors: Charlene Harichund, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Pinky Kunene, Sinenhlanhla Simelane and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:53

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Studies on healthy individuals that show minor signs of distress and depression—but that are not significant enough to be debilitating or to report to the hospital for treatment—are rare. Our primary objective...

    Authors: Harriet Affran Bonful and Adote Anum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:50

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mental health disorders among adolescents have emerged as a major public health issue in many low and middle-income countries, including India. There is a paucity of research on the determinants of psychologic...

    Authors: Tara S. Beattie, Ravi Prakash, April Mazzuca, Leslie Kelly, Prakash Javalkar, T. Raghavendra, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac and Charlotte Watts

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:48

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Nowadays, the total number of couples visiting an infertility clinic is on the rise. Tobacco smoking is considered one of the major factors leading to male infertility. In this study, we aimed to systematicall...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Akash Bhurtu, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Manish Pursun and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:36

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cross-national comparisons of the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health can facilitate our understanding of differences in health determinants between countries and the development of...

    Authors: Roeul Kim and Woojin Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:35

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Post-war Liberia has a fast-growing population and an alarming maternal mortality ratio (MMR). To provide a better understanding about healthcare system recovery in post-war country, we explored the changes in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ghose Bishwajit and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:28

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Early marriage (< 18 years) is associated with education cessation among girls. Little research has qualitatively assessed how girls build resiliency in affected contexts. This study examines these issues in O...

    Authors: Anita Raj, Marissa Salazar, Emma C. Jackson, Natalie Wyss, Katherine A. McClendon, Aarushi Khanna, Yemeserach Belayneh and Lotus McDougal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:19

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Truckers in sub-Saharan Africa are at higher risk of contracting HIV than the general population. HIV self-testing may be a way to increase testing rates in this high-risk population. The objective of this ran...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelvin, Gavin George, Samuel Kinyanjui, Eva Mwai, Matthew L. Romo, Faith Oruko, Jacob O. Odhiambo, Eston N. Nyaga, Joanne E. Mantell and Kaymarlin Govender

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:7

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of mortality worldwide, with most deaths occurring in low-income countries. The World Health Organisation (WHO) ‘5 Moments for Hand Hygiene’ poster has been used to reduce hosp...

    Authors: B. L. Harrison, C. Ogara, M. Gladstone, E. D. Carrol, J. Dusabe-Richards, A. Medina-Lara, J. Ditai and A. D. Weeks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol and illicit drug use has been recognized as a growing problem among adolescents in Botswana. Little is known about factors affecting alcohol and drug use among Botswana’s secondary school students. To ...

    Authors: Katherine Riva, Lynne Allen-Taylor, Will D. Schupmann, Seipone Mphele, Neo Moshashane and Elizabeth D. Lowenthal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1396

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Nomadic lifestyle has been shown to be a significant factor in low immunization coverage. However, other factors which might aggravate vaccination uptake in nomadic pastoralists are poorly understood. Our stud...

    Authors: Anne M. Pertet, Dan Kaseje, Careena F. Otieno-Odawa, Lydia Kirika, Caleb Wanjala, Jackline Ochieng, Millicent Jaoko, Winnie Otieno and Dan Odindo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1389

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Insufficient and inadequate housing remain serious and enduring problems in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia. Housing is recognised as a key determinant of persisting i...

    Authors: Anne Lowell, Ḻäwurrpa Maypilama, Lyn Fasoli, Yalŋarra Guyula, Abbey Guyula, Megan Yunupiŋu, Jenine Godwin-Thompson, Rosemary Gundjarranbuy, Emily Armstrong, Jane Garrutju and Rose McEldowney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1382

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Rwanda has dramatically reduced child mortality, but the causes and sociodemographic drivers for mortality are poorly understood.

    Authors: Neil Gupta, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Felix C. Rwabukwisi, Peter Drobac, Felix Sayinzoga, Cathy Mugeni, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Tatien Bucyana, Hema Magge, Daniel M. Kagabo, Evrard Nahimana, Dominique Rouleau, Amelia VanderZanden, Megan Murray and Cheryl Amoroso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1378

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia is currently facing new challenges related to food insecurity among the urban poor. Pensioners are segments of the population with reduced income and working capacity because of advancement of age and...

    Authors: Misgana Asesefa Kisi, Dessalegn Tamiru, Melese Sinaga Teshome, Meseret Tamiru and Garumma Tolu Feyissa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1373

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhoea is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality among children under than 5 years of age. There is a scarcity of published data on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) prevalence in Malaysia a...

    Authors: Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Noor Ani Ahmad, Mohamad Aznuddin Abdul Razak, Maisarah Omar, Noraida Mohamad Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Rasidah Jamaludin and Chan Ying Ying

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1363

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In either rich or poor countries, people’s health widely depends on the social conditions in which they live and work – the social determinants of health. The aim of the present work was to explore the associa...

    Authors: Natasa Kollia, Francisco Félix Caballero, Albert Sánchez-Niubó, Stefanos Tyrovolas, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Josep Maria Haro, Somnath Chatterji and Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1357

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Acute paediatric poisoning is a common public health concern for both developed and developing countries. The type of agent and underlying cause differ depending on the social, cultural, economic and education...

    Authors: Godakanda Arachchige Maneesha Prasadi, Fahim Mohamed, Lalith Senarathna, Rose Cairns, Pahala Hangidi Gedara Janaka Pushpakumara and Andrew Hamilton Dawson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1349

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Globally, sexual violence is prevalent, particularly for adolescent women. This cluster-randomized controlled implementation trial examines empowerment self-defense (ESD) for sexual assault risk reduction amon...

    Authors: Michele R. Decker, Shannon N. Wood, Esther Ndinda, Gayane Yenokyan, Jacob Sinclair, Nankali Maksud, Brendan Ross, Benjamin Omondi and Martin Ndirangu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1341

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Foodborne acute gastroenteritis is a significant public health concern. Food handling plays a key role in the risk of foodborne acute gastroenteritis. However, research focused on the correlation between foodb...

    Authors: Yujuan Chen, Yufeng Wen, Jiangen Song, Baifeng Chen, Shushu Ding, Lei Ding and Jiajia Dai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1290

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Parents are the primary providers of nurturing care for young children’s healthy early development. However, the literature on parenting in early childhood, especially in low- and middle-income countries, has ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy and Aisha K. Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1274

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1350

  26. Content type: Research article

    As high stigmatization of HIV and relatively low knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention measures persist in Sub-Saharan Africa, the improvement of HIV-related knowledge, and the evaluation of which types...

    Authors: Lena Faust and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1254

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin produced by fungi that commonly contaminates cereal crops across sub-Saharan Africa, has been associated with impaired child growth. We investigated the impact of aflatoxin e...

    Authors: Sinead Watson, Sophie E. Moore, Momodou K. Darboe, Gaoyun Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yi-Ting Huang, Kamilla G. Eriksen, Robin M. Bernstein, Andrew M. Prentice, Christopher P. Wild, Ya Xu, Michael N. Routledge and Yun Yun Gong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1247

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a tragedy and a key determinant for child survival. There is increasing evidence that the hazard ratio of demising for young children escalates after the death of their mothers, but ...

    Authors: Boikhutso Tlou, Benn Sartorius and Frank Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1237

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite their potential health and social benefits, adoption and use of improved cookstoves has been low throughout much of the world. Explanations for low adoption rates of these technologies include prices that...

    Authors: Katherine L. Dickinson, Maxwell Dalaba, Zachary S. Brown, Rex Alirigia, Evan R. Coffey, Elise Mesenbring, Manies Achazanaga, Desmond Agao, Moro Ali, Ernest Kanyomse, Julius Awaregya, Clifford Amoah Adagenera, John Bosco A. Aburiya, Bernard Gubilla, Abraham Rexford Oduro and Michael P. Hannigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1209

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Malaria incidence has been steadily declining in Cambodia, where the government is aiming to eliminate malaria by 2025. Successful malaria elimination requires active engagement and participation of communitie...

    Authors: Junko Yasuoka, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Keiko Nanishi, Po Ly, Boukheng Thavrin, Tsutomu Omatsu and Tetsuya Mizutani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1206

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to explore the effects of (body mass index) BMI on health related quality of life (HRQoL) among the elderly in Jiangsu, China.

    Authors: Hua You, Xiao-lu Li, Kang-zhen Jing, Zhi-guang Li, Hong-mei Cao, Jin Wang, Lan Bai, Jing-hong Gu, Xiaoman Fan and Hai Gu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1174

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The available literature suggests that there are significant differences in maternal mortality according to maternal origin in high income countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the risk of mat...

    Authors: V Blagoeva Atanasova, J Arevalo-Serrano, E Antolin Alvarado and Santiago García-Tizón Larroca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1171

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Estimating the prevalence of child maltreatment is challenging due to the absence of a clear ‘gold standard’ as to what constitutes maltreatment. This systematic review aims to review studies using self-report...

    Authors: Gwenllian Moody, Rebecca Cannings-John, Kerenza Hood, Alison Kemp and Michael Robling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1164

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Studies from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) document how barriers to ART adherence present additional complications among adolescents and young adults living with HIV. We qualitatively explored barriers to ART adher...

    Authors: Sarah MacCarthy, Uzaib Saya, Clare Samba, Josephine Birungi, Stephen Okoboi and Sebastian Linnemayr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1158

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency disorder is the leading cause of mental retardation and poor economic performance in developing countries. Worldwide, universal salt iodization has been implemented to eliminate iodine defici...

    Authors: Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Sisay Eshete, Yitbarek Wasihun, Mastewal Arefaynie and Nigus Cherie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1152

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  36. Content type: Research article

    While critically important, child sexual violence (CSV) research poses numerous ethical and safety challenges. Recently, the studies dedicated to understanding and addressing CSV in India have been on the rise...

    Authors: Radhika Dayal, Ameeta S. Kalokhe, Vikas Choudhry, Divya Pillai, Klaus Beier and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1144

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Water insecurity is linked to depression in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), though it remains unclear how geospatial clustering of water insecurity in rural regions is associated with risk for depres...

    Authors: Christine E Cooper-Vince, Hawk Arachy, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Rumbidzai C Mushavi, Charles Baguma, Amy Q McDonough, David R Bangsberg and Alexander C Tsai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1143

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Infectious disease screening of migrants at increased risk is a feature of national infection prevention and control measures. Asylum seekers in Finland are offered screening of tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis B,...

    Authors: Paula Tiittala, Karolina Tuomisto, Taneli Puumalainen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jukka Ollgren, Olli Snellman and Otto Helve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1139

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The previously-named Mexico City Policy (MCP) — which prohibited non U.S.-based non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from receiving U.S. family planning (FP) funding if they advocated, provided, counseled, or...

    Authors: Jennifer Sherwood, Alana Sharp, Brian Honermann, Caitlin Horrigan, Meghna Chatterjee, Austin Jones, Chloe Cooney and Greg Millett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1116

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Globally, more than 90% of women during the first year of postpartum period want to either delay or avoid future pregnancies. The first year postpartum period is more crucial time to use modern contraceptives ...

    Authors: Aregahegn Dona, Muluemebet Abera, Tsedach Alemu and Dawit Hawaria

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1100

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  41. Content type: Research article

    South Africa has implemented a community health programme delivered by community health workers (CHWs) to strengthen primary healthcare services. Provision of community Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) servi...

    Authors: Nireshni Naidoo, Jean P. Railton, Sellina N. Khosa, Nthabiseng Matlakala, Gert Marincowitz, James A. McIntyre, Helen E. Struthers, Jude Igumbor and Remco P. H. Peters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1099

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Timely interventions in the postnatal period are important for reducing newborn mortality, and early home visits to provide postnatal care are recommended. There has been limited success in achieving timely vi...

    Authors: Yared Amare, Pauline Scheelbeek, Joanna Schellenberg, Della Berhanu and Zelee Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1074

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  43. Content type: Debate

    The World Health Organization prioritises a more holistic global response to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2030. Based on experiences in the HIV response, social protection, and in particular cash tran...

    Authors: William E. Rudgard, Daniel J. Carter, James Scuffell, Lucie D. Cluver, Nicole Fraser-Hurt and Delia Boccia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1052

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The causes of birth defects (BDs) are complex and include genetic and environmental factors and/or their interactions. More research is needed to describe the epidemiology of BDs within specific regions of Chi...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Xuemei Huang, Bo Wang, Yu Zhang, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Dingyuan Zeng, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Chawla Sanjay and Eric McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1008

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