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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. Adolescents are engaged in agricultural work, including pesticide application, around the world. Adolescent pesticide applicators are more likely to be exposed to pesticides than their adult counterparts becau...

    Authors: Diane S. Rohlman, Jonathan W. Davis, Ahmed Ismail, Gaafar M. Abdel Rasoul, Olfat Hendy, James R. Olson and Matthew R. Bonner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:679

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2016, after 8 years of twice-annual nationwide preventive chemotherapy (PC) administration to school-age children (SAC), the Bangladesh Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) sought improved impact and...

    Authors: Stacy L. Davlin, Alexander H. Jones, Sanya Tahmina, Abdullah Al Kawsar, Anand Joshi, Sazid I. Zaman, Muhammad M. Rahman, Bozena M. Morawski, Michael S. Deming, Rubina Imtiaz and Mohammad J. Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:672

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most common form of gender-based violence affecting women and girls worldwide and is exacerbated in humanitarian crises. There is evidence that substance use is associate...

    Authors: Vandana Sharma, Stephanos Papaefstathiou, Samuel Tewolde, Adaugo Amobi, Negussie Deyessa, Bridget Relyea and Jennifer Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:670

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Accessibility of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in many lower-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) and humanitarian settings remains limited, particularly for young people. Young people facing hu...

    Authors: Alethea Desrosiers, Theresa Betancourt, Yasmine Kergoat, Chiara Servilli, Lale Say and Loulou Kobeissi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:666

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The postpartum period is a critical time to improve maternal and child health. It is a time for accessing contraceptives to prevent short inter-pregnancy intervals. More than 95% of postpartum women do not wan...

    Authors: Gizachew Worku Dagnew, Melash Belachew Asresie, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu and Yared Mulu Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:661

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences disproportionate burden of cervical cancer incidence and mortality due in part to low uptake of cervical screening, a strategy for prevention and down-staging of cervical c...

    Authors: Breanne E. Lott, Mario J. Trejo, Christina Baum, D. Jean McClelland, Prajakta Adsul, Purnima Madhivanan, Scott Carvajal, Kacey Ernst and John Ehiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:654

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tuberculosis is among the top-10 causes of mortality in children with more than 1 million children suffering from TB disease annually worldwide. The main challenge in young children is the difficulty in establ...

    Authors: Lise Denoeud-Ndam, Rose Otieno-Masaba, Boris Tchounga, Rhoderick Machekano, Leonie Simo, Joseph Phelix Mboya, Judith Kose, Patrice Tchendjou, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Gordon Odhiambo Okomo, Martina Casenghi, Jennifer Cohn and Appolinaire Tiam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:623

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Sugira Muryango is a father-engaged early child development and violence-prevention home-visiting programme delivered by trained lay workers. This cluster-randomised trial evaluates whether families living in ext...

    Authors: Theresa S. Betancourt, Sarah K. G. Jensen, Dale A. Barnhart, Robert T. Brennan, Shauna M. Murray, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Jordan Farrar, Kalisa Godfroid, Stephanie M. Bazubagira, Laura B. Rawlings, Briana Wilson, Vincent Sezibera and Alex Kamurase

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:621

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Numerous studies have reported the economic burden of childhood diarrhea in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Yet, empirical data on the cost of diarrheal illness is sparse, particularly in LMICs. In t...

    Authors: Ranju Baral, Justice Nonvignon, Frédéric Debellut, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Andrew Clark and Clint Pecenka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:619

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Social Health Insurance (SHI) is widely used by countries attempting to move toward Universal Health Coverage (UHC). While evidence suggests that SHI is a promising strategy for achieving UHC, low-income count...

    Authors: Lauren Suchman, Catherine Verde Hashim, Joseph Adu and Rita Mwachandi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:614

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:945

  11. With the rapid advances in gene technologies in recent years, the potential benefits of precision medicine (PM) may spread unevenly to disadvantaged populations, such as Hispanics/Latinos.

    Authors: Juan R. Canedo, Consuelo H. Wilkins, Nicole Senft, Araceli Romero, Kemberlee Bonnet and David Schlundt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:603

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The number of stunted children has fallen globally but continues to increase in Africa. Stunting is estimated to contribute to 14–17% of child deaths under 5 years of age and is a risk factor for poor cognitiv...

    Authors: Erica Phillips, Francis Ngure, Laura E. Smith, Edna Makule, Paul C. Turner, Rebeca Nelson, Martin Kimanya, Rebecca Stoltzfus and Neema Kassim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:598

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Homelessness is a growing concern as it affects a large number of people worldwide. Individuals and families experiencing homelessness are vulnerable in terms of health and underutilise health services. Despit...

    Authors: Benedict Osei Asibey, Elizabeth Conroy and Brahmaputra Marjadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:594

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The persistently high prevalence of girl-child marriage remains a public health and developmental concern in Nigeria. Despite global campaign against the practice and policy efforts by Nigerian government, the...

    Authors: Jacob Wale Mobolaji, Adesegun O. Fatusi and Sunday A. Adedini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:583

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy is critical to the achievement of the third target of the UNAIDS Fast-Track Initiative goals of 2020–2030. Reliable, valid and accurate measurement of adherence are importan...

    Authors: Chris B. Agala, Bruce J. Fried, James C. Thomas, Heidi W. Reynolds, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Kathryn Whetten, Catherine Zimmer and Joseph P. Morrissey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:567

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Philippines, Indonesia, and Bangladesh are three high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries in Asia which account for 18% of the estimated global TB incidence (1.8 million) and 15% of TB related deaths (192,000)....

    Authors: Neeraj Kak, Krishnapada Chakraborty, Swati Sadaphal, Hala Jassim AlMossawi, Marianne Calnan and Begum Vikarunnessa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:560

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cambodia has targeted malaria elimination within its territory by 2025 and is developing a model elimination package of strategies and interventions designed to achieve this goal.

    Authors: Soy Ty Kheang, Siv Sovannaroth, Lawrence M. Barat, Lek Dysoley, Bryan K. Kapella, Ly Po, Sokomar Nguon, John Gimnig, Rida Slot, Top Samphornarann, Seak Kong Meng, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Hala Jassim AlMossawi, Colleen Longacre and Neeraj Kak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:544

    Content type: Technical advance

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  18. Gender-based violence (GBV) often occurs in resource-limited settings such as Ethiopia. It could result in psychological and physical adverse outcomes such as stress, anxiety, depression, unsafe abortion, unwa...

    Authors: Temesgen Tantu, Sintayehu Wolka, Muluken Gunta, Million Teshome, Hangatu Mohammed and Bereket Duko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  19. During pregnancy or lactating, adequate nutrition for adolescents becomes critical to reduce risks for both child and maternal-related morbidity and mortality. Power dynamics play a massive role in health outc...

    Authors: Charles O. Opiyo, David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The emergence and spread of pathogenic bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics has become a major public health concern. The incorrect prescription, inappropriate consumption and excess use of antimicrobial ...

    Authors: Samer Sakr, Ali Ghaddar, Bassam Hamam and Imtithal Sheet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In Perú, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite widespread access to treatment, the high rate of new HIV infections has remained unchanged over the last decade. Low knowledge o...

    Authors: Alexander Lankowski, Hugo Sánchez, José Hidalgo, Robinson Cabello and Ann Duerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Approximately 66% of children under the age of 5 in Sub-Saharan African countries do not reach their full cognitive potential, the highest percentage in the world. Because the majority of studies investigating...

    Authors: Fabrizio Drago, Rebecca J. Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Emanuel Nyathi, Tjale C. Mahopo, Erling Svensen, Estomih Mduma, Pascal Bessong and Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fall is a major public health problem and potentially disabling issue. A vast burden of visually impaired live in low-middle income countries particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Limited ability to detect envir...

    Authors: Moges Gashaw, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Amare Minyihun, Gashaw Jember and Kedir Sany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In Nicaragua, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, primarily using self-sampling, was introduced between 2014 and 2018 in three provinces. We an...

    Authors: Francesca Holme, Francisco Maldonado, Orlando B. Martinez-Granera, Jose Maria Rodriguez, Juan Almendarez, Rose Slavkovsky, Pooja Bansil, Kerry A. Thomson, Jose Jeronimo and Silvia de Sanjose

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In Kenya, unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal deaths in adolescent girls aged 15–19 years, and a majority did not use a modern contraceptive before becoming pregnant. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Miranda Håkansson, Stephanie Super, Monica Oguttu and Marlene Makenzius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Improving the coverage of antenatal care is regarded as an important strategy to reduce the risks of maternal and child mortality in low income settings like Gambia. Nonetheless, a large number of countries in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Over one third of deaths in Zambian health facilities involve someone who has already died before arrival (i.e., Brough in Dead), and in most BiD cases, the CoD have not been fully analyzed. Therefore, this st...

    Authors: Yuta Yokobori, Jun Matsuura, Yasuo Sugiura, Charles Mutemba, Martin Nyahoda, Chomba Mwango, Lloyd Kazhumbula, Motoyuki Yuasa and Clarence Chiluba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cancer incidence in Malaysia is expected to double by 2040. Understanding cancer awareness is important in order to tailor preventative efforts and reduce the cancer burden. The objective of this research was ...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Roshidi Ismail, Michael Donnelly, Christopher R. Cardwell and Tin Tin Su

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To reduce the prevalence of anemia, the Indian government recommends daily iron and folic acid supplements (iron supplements) for pregnant women and weekly iron supplements for adolescents and all women of rep...

    Authors: Erica Sedlander, Michael W. Long, Satyanarayan Mohanty, Ashita Munjral, Jeffrey B. Bingenheimer, Hagere Yilma and Rajiv N. Rimal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  30. KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Initiative for breastfeeding support (KIBS) was a multipronged intervention to support the initiation and sustaining of breastfeeding, implemented between 2014 and 2017. We present results ...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, I. Engebretsen, C. Connolly, A. Coutsoudis and L. Spies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Child and adolescent injury is one of the leading causes of child death globally with a large proportion occurring in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Similarly, the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR)...

    Authors: Samar Al-Hajj, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Farah Daoud, Ibrahim Khalil, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Randa R. Hamadeh and Ali Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Very few studies consider the oral health status and quality of life in HIV-1 exposed uninfected (HEU) children. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of caries in primary teeth and its oral hea...

    Authors: Nancy Birungi, Lars T. Fadnes, Ingunn M. S. Engebretsen, Stein Atle Lie, James K. Tumwine and Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Valid measurement of hemoglobin is important for tracking and targeting interventions. This study compares hemoglobin distributions between surveys matched by country and time from The Demographic and Health S...

    Authors: Daniel J. Hruschka, Anne M. Williams, Zuguo Mei, Eva Leidman, Parminder S. Suchdev, Melissa F. Young and Sorrel Namaste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Over thousands of animal bite cases are reported annually worldwide and in Iran placing a large financial burden on the health and economy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of animal bite...

    Authors: Maryam Janatolmakan, Mojtaba Delpak, Alireza Abdi, Sabah Mohamadi, Bahare Andayeshgar and Alireza Khatony

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Malnutrition in mothers and children is a significant public health challenge in developing countries such as Nepal. Although undernutrition in children has been gradually decreasing, the coexistence of variou...

    Authors: Dev Ram Sunuwar, Devendra Raj Singh and Pranil Man Singh Pradhan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is a global commitment to eliminating tuberculosis (TB). It is critical to detect and treat cases of latent TB infection (LTBI), the reservoir of new TB cases. Our study assesses trends in publication of...

    Authors: Liling Chaw, Lung-Chang Chien, Justin Wong, Ken Takahashi, David Koh and Ro-Ting Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:352

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Young women in India continue to face diverse challenges that threaten their health and wellbeing. The reproductive health and rights of newly married women, who are often expected to begin childbearing soon a...

    Authors: Ismael Ibarra-Nava, Vikas Choudhry and Anette Agardh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:350

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adolescent girls in Zambia face risks and vulnerabilities that challenge their healthy development into young women: early marriage and childbearing, sexual and gender-based violence, unintended pregnancy and ...

    Authors: Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R. Behrman, Jean Digitale, Natalie Jackson Hachonda, Maximillian Bweupe and Paul C. Hewett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:349

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Rural Nigeria has one of the greatest burdens of low back pain but there are no effective evidence-based interventions to manage it in this population. This paper presents the application of the intervention m...

    Authors: Chinonso N. Igwesi-Chidobe, Sheila Kitchen, Isaac O. Sorinola and Emma L. Godfrey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:343

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are a vulnerable group at the intersection of poverty and health disparities. The family is a vital microsystem that provides financial and emotional support t...

    Authors: Proscovia Nabunya, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Bin Chen, Daji Dvalishvili, Christopher Damulira and Fred M. Ssewamala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:340

    Content type: Research article

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  41. We sought to describe linkage to care, ART continuity, and factors associated with linkage to care among people with HIV following release from incarceration in South Africa.

    Authors: Tonderai Mabuto, Daniel M. Woznica, Gloria Lekubu, Nieser Seatlholo, Nolundi Mshweshwe-Pakela, Salome Charalambous and Christopher J. Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends household contact investigation for tuberculosis (TB) in high-burden countries. However, household contacts who complete evaluation for TB during contact investig...

    Authors: Joseph M. Ggita, Anne Katahoire, Amanda J. Meyer, Elizabeth Nansubuga, Talemwa Nalugwa, Patricia Turimumahoro, Emmanuel Ochom, Irene Ayakaka, Jessica E. Haberer, Achilles Katamba, Mari Armstrong-Hough and J. Lucian Davis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive and debilitating condition that affects individuals’ quality of life. COPD self-management and supports provided by carers is key to the quality of...

    Authors: Uday Narayan Yadav, Jane Lloyd, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Kedar Prasad Baral, Narendra Bhatta and Mark Fort Harris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is common in China, which has a multi-ethnic population of 1·3 billion. We set out to determine the prevalence of MetS and its components in different ethnic groups.

    Authors: Xuzhen Qin, Ling Qiu, Guodong Tang, Man-Fung Tsoi, Tao Xu, Lin Zhang, Zhihong Qi, Guangjin Zhu and Bernard M. Y. Cheung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  45. This study aimed to evaluate associations among countries’ self-reported International Health Regulation 2005 (IHR 2005) capacity assessments and infectious disease control outcomes.

    Authors: Feng-Jen Tsai and Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:282

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most significant risk factors for cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine has a very significant impact on the incidence of cervical cancer. The present study aimed to investi...

    Authors: Mojgan Karimi-Zarchi, Leila Allahqoli, Ameneh Nehmati, Abolfazl Mehdizadeh Kashi, Shokouh Taghipour-Zahir and Ibrahim Alkatout

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  47. International research showed that common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, social anxiety, stress, alexithymia and having insecure attachment styles are risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD)...

    Authors: Sahar Obeid, Marwan Akel, Chadia Haddad, Kassandra Fares, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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