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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 2 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between migration and health has primarily focused on permanent migrants, although non-permanent migrants comprise a large proportion of global migrants. Non-permanent migrants may have distin...

    Authors: Karen H. Wang, Zoé M. Hendrickson, Cynthia A. Brandt and Marcella Nunez-Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:405

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency and the most common cause of anaemia worldwide. Because of the increased iron requirements during pregnancy, iron deficiency can lead to maternal anaem...

    Authors: See Ling Loy, Li Min Lim, Shiao-Yng Chan, Pei Ting Tan, Yen Lin Chee, Phaik Ling Quah, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M. Godfrey, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Michael S. Kramer, Yap-Seng Chong and Claudia Chi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:397

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Persons of African and Middle-Eastern origin living in European countries have a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, accompanied by high prevalence of obesity among women but not always among men. The aim of t...

    Authors: Natalia Skogberg, Tiina Laatikainen, Eero Lilja, Annamari Lundqvist, Tommi Härkänen and Päivikki Koponen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:391

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Early initiation of sexual activity affects the sexual and reproductive health of the young population. The youth are at a high risk of risky sexual behaviours, including multiple partners and inconsistent con...

    Authors: Eskeziaw Abebe Kassahun, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Amanuel Addisu Dessie and Belayneh Ayanaw Kassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:378

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Childhood malnutrition is a critical public health concern in Pakistan. We aimed to explore factors associated with malnutrition in Pakistani children (< 5 years of age) using the Pakistan Demographic and Heal...

    Authors: Sadaf Khan, Sidra Zaheer and Nilofer Fatimi Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:358

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease and has a high prevalence in South Africa and other low- and middle-income countries. However, awareness of hypertension has be...

    Authors: Vita W. Jongen, Samanta T. Lalla-Edward, Alinda G. Vos, Noortje G. Godijk, Hugo Tempelman, Diederick E. Grobbee, Walter Devillé and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:341

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  7. Content type: Correspondence

    The African continent is predicted to be home to over half of the expected global population growth between 2015 and 2050, highlighting the importance of addressing population health in Africa for improving pu...

    Authors: Jo Vearey, Isaac Luginaah, Ng’weina Francis Magitta, Dativa J. Shilla and Tolu Oni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:340

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency has become an important public health problem, however few studies have been conducted in subtropical countries, and the predictors of vitamin D deficiency in people with healthy renal fun...

    Authors: Ming-Jse Lee, Heng-Jung Hsu, I-Wen Wu, Chiao-Yin Sun, Ming-Kuo Ting and Chin-Chan Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:337

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Streptococcus pneumoniae causes substantial morbidity and mortality among children. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has the potential to dramatically reduce disease burden. As with any v...

    Authors: S. F. La Vincente, C. von Mollendorf, M. Ulziibayar, C. Satzke, L. Dashtseren, K. K. Fox, E. M. Dunne, C. D. Nguyen, J. de Campo, M. de Campo, H. Thomson, G. Surenkhand, S. Demberelsuren, S. Bujinlkham, L. A. H. Do, D. Narangerel…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:333

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Migration to European countries has increased in number and diversity in recent years. Factors such as access to healthcare, language barriers and legal status can impact the health outcomes of migrant groups....

    Authors: Nazmy Villarroel, Ailish Hannigan, Santino Severoni, Soorej Puthoopparambil and Anne MacFarlane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:324

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  11. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 30% of women worldwide experience intimate partner violence (IPV) during their lifetime. Exposure to IPV is associated with poor health outcomes and the prevalence of violence may be higher amongs...

    Authors: Claire Hawcroft, Rachael Hughes, Amira Shaheen, Jinan Usta, Hannah Elkadi, Tom Dalton, Khadijah Ginwalla and Gene Feder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:315

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Racism is a key determinant of the health of Indigenous Australians that may explain the unremitting gap in health and socioeconomic outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. We quantified th...

    Authors: Alison Markwick, Zahid Ansari, Darren Clinch and John McNeil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:309

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is of major public health significance; it is a risk factor for childhood deaths from diarrhoea and measles in low and middle-income countries and an important cause of preventable c...

    Authors: Ada E. Aghaji, Roseline Duke and Ugochukwu C. W. Aghaji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:282

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Female life expectancy and mortality rates have been improving over the course of many decades. Many global changes offer potential explanations. In this paper, we examined whether the United Nations Conventio...

    Authors: Christopher A. Tait, Ifrah Abdillahi, Wendy Wong, Heather Smith-Cannoy and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:279

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is impeded by taboos and secrecy surrounding menstruation. Unhygienic menstrual practices and unpreparedness for managing menstruation has been associated with ad...

    Authors: Vishna Shah, Helen M. Nabwera, Fatou Sosseh, Yamundao Jallow, Ebrima Comma, Omar Keita and Belen Torondel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:277

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Many adolescents living with HIV remain disconnected from care, especially in high-prevalence settings. Slow progressors–adolescents infected perinatally who survive without access to lifesaving treatment–rema...

    Authors: Elona Toska, Lucie Cluver, Mark Orkin, Anurita Bains, Lorraine Sherr, McKenzie Berezin and Laurie Gulaid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:272

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rural-to-urban migration is associated with increased obesity, yet it remains unknown whether this association exist, and to what extent, with other types of internal migration.

    Authors: Hector Najera, Shailen Nandy, Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:263

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Forty-three percent of children under five in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience compromised cognitive and psychosocial development. Early childhood development (ECD) interventions that promote...

    Authors: Jill E. Luoto, Italo Lopez Garcia, Frances E. Aboud, Lia C. H. Fernald and Daisy R. Singla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:259

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Mortality is a robust indicator of health and offers valuable insight into the health of immigrants. However, mortality estimates can vary significantly depending on the manner in which immigrant status is def...

    Authors: Luis Andrés Gimeno-Feliu, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Esperanza Díaz, Clara Laguna-Berna, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, Carlos Coscollar-Santaliestra and Alexandra Prados-Torres

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:247

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents from rural areas in low-middle income countries face increasing physical and mental health challenges that are not well characterized or addressed due to resource limitations. We used the Global Sc...

    Authors: Randi K. Johnson, Molly Lamb, Hillary Anderson, Michelle Pieters-Arroyo, Bradley T. Anderson, Guillermo A. Bolaños and Edwin J. Asturias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:226

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Global monitoring efforts have relied on national estimates of modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) for many low-income countries. However, most contraceptive delivery programs are implemented by health...

    Authors: Qingfeng Li, Thomas A. Louis, Li Liu, Chenguang Wang and Amy O. Tsui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:216

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Anemia in children continues to be a major public health challenge in developing countries and particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Anemia has serious consequences on the growth and development of the children ...

    Authors: Aboubakari Nambiema, Alexie Robert and Issifou Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:215

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Data on breast healthcare knowledge, perceptions and practice among women in rural Kenya is limited. Furthermore, the role of the male head of household in influencing a woman’s breast health seeking behavior ...

    Authors: Shahin Sayed, Anthony K. Ngugi, Megan R. Mahoney, Jaameeta Kurji, Zohray M. Talib, Sarah B. Macfarlane, Theresa A. Wynn, Mansoor Saleh, Amyn Lakhani, Esther Nderitu, Felix Agoi, Zul Premji, Jo Anne Zujewski and Zahir Moloo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:180

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Substance use disorders (SUD) have steadily increased over the last two decades. Seeking SUD treatment involves searching SUD treatment facility types (inpatient, outpatient and intensive outpatient, residenti...

    Authors: Terry Lee Bunn, Dana Quesinberry, Tyler Jennings, Amber Kizewski, Heather Jackson, Sarah McKee and Sarah Eustice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:177

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Child growth stunting remains a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, where 34% of children under 5 years are stunted, and causing detrimental impact at individual and societal levels. Identifying risk factors to s...

    Authors: Alphonse Nshimyiryo, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M. Kirk, Kathryn Beck, Albert Ndayisaba, Joel Mubiligi, Fredrick Kateera and Ziad El-Khatib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:175

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Hearing loss is a global public health problem putting millions of people at risk of experiencing impediments in communication and potentially impaired mental health. Many studies in this field are based on sm...

    Authors: Mariann Idstad, Kristian Tambs, Lisa Aarhus and Bo Lars Engdahl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:168

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Assessing disparities in health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) is important as a part of health-related disparities in the society. The aim of this study was to explore HRQoL among 12-year-olds in Sweden in t...

    Authors: Mazen Baroudi, Solveig Petersen, Fredinah Namatovu, Annelie Carlsson, Anneli Ivarsson and Fredrik Norström

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:139

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for both prevention and treatment of HIV infection. However, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), only 10% ...

    Authors: Moshoeu Prisca Moshoeu, Desmond Kuupiel, Nonjabulo Gwala and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:132

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The uptake of HIV self-testing (HIVST) could address socio-structural barriers that prevent South African youth from utilizing the testing resources available in their communities. However, to facilitate this,...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Amanda Selin, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, Hailey Gilmore, Linda Kimaru, Jennifer Hove, Ryan Wagner, Rhian Twine and Kathleen Kahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:123

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is characterized by rapid growth and development with a significantly increased need for macro and micronutrients. However, there is little empirical evidence on the burden of anaemia among adolesc...

    Authors: Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus, Bilal Shikur Endris, Getahun Teka Beyene, Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Fekadu Elias and Hana Nekatebeb Bekele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:92

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhea is a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality. Although latrines are integral for reducing enteric pathogen transmission, several studies have shown no evidence that latrine ownership ...

    Authors: V. K. Lopez, B. T. West, P. J. Clarke, E. Quentin and J. N. S. Eisenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:90

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  32. Content type: Research article

    HIV immunosuppression increases susceptibility to other STIs and STIs can enhance HIV transmission, reduce CD4 cell count and increase viral load. Co-infections of HIV and STIs may thus reduce the preventive b...

    Authors: Stephen Okoboi, Barbara Castelnuovo, David M. Moore, Joseph Musaazi, Andrew Kambugu, Josephine Birungi, Mastula Nanfuka and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:87

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Due to the limited evidence of the cost-effectiveness of Community Health Workers (CHW) delivering treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), there is a need to better understand the costs incurred by both...

    Authors: Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero, Deepak Kumar, Sajid Soofi, Shahid Fazal, Karen Martínez, Jose Luis Alvarez Morán and Chloe Puett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:84

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  34. Content type: Correspondence

    On April 28, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared polio a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” (PHIC) under the authority of the International Health Regulations. Although polio has...

    Authors: Shahella Idrees Shakeel, Matthew Brown, Shakeel Sethi and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:79

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  35. Content type: Research article

    As demonstrated by the United Nations High-Level Meeting on tuberculosis (TB) held in September 2018, the political momentum for TB has been increasing. The aim of this study was to analyze the current challen...

    Authors: Haruka Sakamoto, Sangnim Lee, Aya Ishizuka, Eiji Hinoshita, Hiroyuki Hori, Nanao Ishibashi, Kenichi Komada, Masataro Norizuki, Yasushi Katsuma, Hidechika Akashi and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:76

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2 years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards.

    Authors: Roma Chilengi, Mah Asombang, Jillian L. Kadota, Obvious N. Chilyabanyama, Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya, Harriet Ng’ombe, Michelo Simuyandi and Samuel Bosomprah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:61

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia is one of Asia’s countries with the fastest growing rate of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The prevalence of HIV infections in the pro...

    Authors: E. I. Sianturi, D. A. Perwitasari, Md. A. Islam and K. Taxis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:55

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Suboptimal HIV testing rates through available testing approaches such as HIV counselling and testing have directed research efforts toward recognizing the potential of HIV self-testing as an additional testin...

    Authors: Charlene Harichund, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Pinky Kunene, Sinenhlanhla Simelane and Mosa Moshabela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:53

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Studies on healthy individuals that show minor signs of distress and depression—but that are not significant enough to be debilitating or to report to the hospital for treatment—are rare. Our primary objective...

    Authors: Harriet Affran Bonful and Adote Anum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:50

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Mental health disorders among adolescents have emerged as a major public health issue in many low and middle-income countries, including India. There is a paucity of research on the determinants of psychologic...

    Authors: Tara S. Beattie, Ravi Prakash, April Mazzuca, Leslie Kelly, Prakash Javalkar, T. Raghavendra, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac and Charlotte Watts

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:48

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Nowadays, the total number of couples visiting an infertility clinic is on the rise. Tobacco smoking is considered one of the major factors leading to male infertility. In this study, we aimed to systematicall...

    Authors: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Akash Bhurtu, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Manish Pursun and Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:36

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Cross-national comparisons of the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health can facilitate our understanding of differences in health determinants between countries and the development of...

    Authors: Roeul Kim and Woojin Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:35

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Post-war Liberia has a fast-growing population and an alarming maternal mortality ratio (MMR). To provide a better understanding about healthcare system recovery in post-war country, we explored the changes in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ghose Bishwajit and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:28

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Early marriage (< 18 years) is associated with education cessation among girls. Little research has qualitatively assessed how girls build resiliency in affected contexts. This study examines these issues in O...

    Authors: Anita Raj, Marissa Salazar, Emma C. Jackson, Natalie Wyss, Katherine A. McClendon, Aarushi Khanna, Yemeserach Belayneh and Lotus McDougal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:19

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Truckers in sub-Saharan Africa are at higher risk of contracting HIV than the general population. HIV self-testing may be a way to increase testing rates in this high-risk population. The objective of this ran...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelvin, Gavin George, Samuel Kinyanjui, Eva Mwai, Matthew L. Romo, Faith Oruko, Jacob O. Odhiambo, Eston N. Nyaga, Joanne E. Mantell and Kaymarlin Govender

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:7

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of mortality worldwide, with most deaths occurring in low-income countries. The World Health Organisation (WHO) ‘5 Moments for Hand Hygiene’ poster has been used to reduce hosp...

    Authors: B. L. Harrison, C. Ogara, M. Gladstone, E. D. Carrol, J. Dusabe-Richards, A. Medina-Lara, J. Ditai and A. D. Weeks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1

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