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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 2 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    From December 2014 to September 2016, a cholera outbreak in Kenya, the largest since 2010, caused 16,840 reported cases and 256 deaths. The outbreak affected 30 of Kenya’s 47 counties and occurred shortly afte...

    Authors: Kathryn G. Curran, Emma Wells, Samuel J. Crowe, Rupa Narra, Jared Oremo, Waqo Boru, Jane Githuku, Mark Obonyo, Kevin M. De Cock, Joel M. Montgomery, Lyndah Makayotto, Daniel Langat, Sara A. Lowther, Ciara O’Reilly, Zeinab Gura and Jackson Kioko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:723

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In 2013, Mozambique implemented task-shifting (TS) from clinical officers to maternal and child nurses to improve care for HIV positive children < 5 years old. A retrospective, pre-post intervention study was ...

    Authors: Claudia Marotta, Carlo Giaquinto, Francesco Di Gennaro, Kajal D. Chhaganlal, Annalisa Saracino, Jorge Moiane, Guido Maringhini, Damiano Pizzol, Giovanni Putoto, Laura Monno, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale and Walter Mazzucco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:703

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Asset-based economic empowerment interventions, which take an integrated approach to building human, social, and economic capital, have shown promise in their ability to reduce HIV risk for young people, inclu...

    Authors: Fred M. Ssewamala, Laura Gauer Bermudez, Torsten B. Neilands, Claude A. Mellins, Mary M. McKay, Irv Garfinkel, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Gertrude Nakigozi, Miriam Mukasa, Lindsay Stark, Christopher Damulira, Jennifer Nattabi and Apollo Kivumbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:693

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Three billion individuals worldwide rely on biomass fuel [dung, wood, crops] for cooking and heating. Further, health conditions resulting from household air pollution (HAP) are responsible for approximately 3...

    Authors: Daniel Carrión, Rebecca Dwommoh, Theresa Tawiah, Oscar Agyei, Francis Agbokey, Miecks Twumasi, Mohammed Mujtaba, Darby Jack and Kwaku Poku Asante

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:689

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lack of legal identification documents can impose major challenges for children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between not having a birth ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Amiya Bhatia and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:673

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-established determinant of health status and home ownership is a commonly used composite indicator of SES. Patients in low-income households often stay in public rental hou...

    Authors: Jun Jie Benjamin Seng, Yu Heng Kwan, Hendra Goh, Julian Thumboo and Lian Leng Low

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:665

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated whether outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, newborn microcephaly, and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in Latin America may be detected through current surveillance systems, and how cases detec...

    Authors: Leonelo E. Bautista and Víctor M. Herrera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:656

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stunting is one of the most serious and challenging public health problems in Ethiopia, which constitute a significant obstacle to achieving better child health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the prevale...

    Authors: Tesfahun Yonas Bogale, Elazar Tadesse Bala, Minyahil Tadesse and Benedict Oppong Asamoah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:653

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The effect of maternal anemia on childhood hemoglobin status has received little attention. Thus, we examined the potential association between maternal anemia and childhood anemia (aged 6–59 months) from sele...

    Authors: Peter A. M. Ntenda, Owen Nkoka, Paul Bass and Thomas Senghore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:650

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In the backdroup of a rapidly increasing burden of diabetes in Nepal, a community-based diabetes management program is implemented involving female community health volunteers (FCHVs) under the government run ...

    Authors: Bishal Gyawali, Shiva Raj Mishra, Dinesh Neupane, Abhinav Vaidya, Annelli Sandbæk and Per Kallestrup

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:641

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Populations of low and middle-income countries are ageing rapidly; there is a need for policies that support an increase in the duration of old age lived in good health. There is growing evidence that social p...

    Authors: Celeste Marsh, Paul A. Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters and Wendy Holmes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:636

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  12. Content type: Research article

    General practitioners play a fundamental role in combatting the current epidemic of physical inactivity, and pedometer-based walking interventions are able to increase physical activity levels of their patient...

    Authors: Tomas Vetrovsky, Jozef Cupka, Martin Dudek, Blanka Kuthanova, Klaudia Vetrovska, Vaclav Capek and Vaclav Bunc

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:635

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition is one of the major contributors to child mortality in Ethiopia. Currently established, child nutrition status is assessed by four anthropometric indicators. However, there are other factors affec...

    Authors: Davod Ahmadi, Ekta Amarnani, Akankasha Sen, Narges Ebadi, Patrick Cortbaoui and Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:626

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  14. Content type: Debate

    Malaria is a deadly parasitic disease that affects more than 3 billion people worldwide, in predominantly resource-poor countries. Despite malaria being preventable and treatable, a large number of adults and ...

    Authors: Erin J. Walker, Gregory M. Peterson, James Grech, Evie Paragalli and Jackson Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:630

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  15. Content type: Research article

    A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based “change agents” and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, th...

    Authors: Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts and Martine Collumbien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:616

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The Good School Toolkit, a complex behavioural intervention designed by Raising Voices a Ugandan NGO, reduced past week physical violence from school staff to primary students by an average of 42% in a recent ...

    Authors: Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Angel Mirembe, Janet Nakuti, Sophie Namy, Jennifer C. Child, Joanna Sturgess, Nambusi Kyegombe, Eddy J. Walakira, Diana Elbourne, Dipak Naker and Karen M. Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:608

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  17. Content type: Research article

    School children in developing countries like Nigeria are faced with numerous nutrition and health problems. Lack of functional school health and nutrition programmes in Enugu state, Nigeria may be associated w...

    Authors: Rufina N. B. Ayogu, Ifeoma C. Afiaenyi, Edith U. Madukwe and Elizabeth A. Udenta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:587

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In Cameroon, the National Tuberculosis Control Program that applies selective directly observed treatments faces difficulties in its implementation for a lack of resources, leading to only 65% of patients with...

    Authors: Georges Bediang, Beat Stoll, Nadia Elia, Jean-Louis Abena and Antoine Geissbuhler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:583

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The crucial role of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in influencing children’s handwashing behaviour is widely reported. Report from UNICEF indicates a dearth of adequate data on WASH f...

    Authors: Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J. Harris, Samuel Newton and Gabriel Gulis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:581

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Little is known regarding the nutritional burden in Chinese ethnic minority children. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of excess body weight and underweight for 26 ethnic gro...

    Authors: Yanhui Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Zhaogeng Yang, Zhenghe Wang, Yide Yang, Jun Ma, Bin Dong, Yinghua Ma and Luke Arnold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:562

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Twelve of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are related to malnutrition (both under- and overnutrition), other behavioral, and metabolic risk factors. However, comparative evidence on the impact of b...

    Authors: Yohannes Adama Melaku, Molla Mesele Wassie, Tiffany K. Gill, Shao Jia Zhou, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Azmeraw T. Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Abiy Hiruye, Tesfaye Hailu Bekele, Amare Worku, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Ferew Lemma, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Kebede Deribe…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:552

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The current vaccine against tuberculosis, BCG, is effective when given in most TB-endemic countries at birth but has diminished efficacy against pulmonary TB after 15–20 years. As a result, new booster vaccine...

    Authors: Sienna R. Craig, Timothy Lahey, Apoorva Dixit and C. Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:535

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also...

    Authors: Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes and Ruchira Tabassum Naved

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:512

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway...

    Authors: Vivian N. Mbanya, Abdi A. Gele, Esperanza Diaz and Bernadette Kumar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:517

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth is an important indicator of health status and quality of life of a country’s population. However, little is known about the determinants of HALE as yet globally or even...

    Authors: Md Shariful Islam, Md Nazrul Islam Mondal, Md Ismail Tareque, Md Aminur Rahman, Md Nazrul Hoque, Md Munsur Ahmed and Hafiz T. A. Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:476

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Formal education can be a nutrition-sensitive intervention that supports the scale-up and impact of nutrition-specific actions. Maternal education has long been linked to child survival, growth, and developmen...

    Authors: Kassandra L. Harding, Victor M. Aguayo, William A. Masters and Patrick Webb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:470

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Reliable and timely data on maternal and neonatal mortality is required to implement health interventions, monitor progress, and evaluate health programs at national and sub-national levels. In most South Asia...

    Authors: Jasim Anwar, Siranda Torvaldsen, Mohamud Sheikh and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:428

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage, defined as marriage before age 18, is associated with adverse human capital outcomes. The child marriage burden remains high among female adolescents in Indonesia, despite increasing socioecono...

    Authors: Lauren Rumble, Amber Peterman, Nadira Irdiana, Margaret Triyana and Emilie Minnick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:407

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The present association between socioeconomic status (SES) and stroke is positive in developing communities, but it is negative in developed countries where a positive SES-stroke relationship was recorded seve...

    Authors: Shenghua Li, Fei Xu, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Lap Ah. Tse, Yaqing Xiong and Daowen Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:367

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a parasitic skin disease, linked to poverty, and belonging to the group of Neglected Tropical Diseases. Depending on the severity, the type of lesions or scars, and the context,...

    Authors: Issam Bennis, Vincent De Brouwere, Zakaria Belrhiti, Hamid Sahibi and Marleen Boelaert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:358

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  31. Content type: Research article

    It has been suggested that health risks are affected by geographical area, but there are few studies on contextual effects using multilevel analysis, especially regarding unintentional injury. This study inves...

    Authors: Hye Ah Lee, Hyejin Han, Seonhwa Lee, Bomi Park, Bo Hyun Park, Won Kyung Lee, Ju Ok Park, Sungok Hong, Young Taek Kim and Hyesook Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:349

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of malnutrition among children in developing countries is very high. As a step towards reducing the prevalence of malnutrition, there is a need to identify the important determinants of malnutri...

    Authors: Ansuya, Baby S. Nayak, B. Unnikrishnan, Anice George, Shashidhara Y. N., Suneel C. Mundkur and Vasudev Guddattu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:283

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Globally, alcohol is responsible for 3.3 million deaths annually and contributes to 5.9% of the overall global burden of disease. In Sub-Saharan Africa, alcohol is the leading avoidable risk factor accounting ...

    Authors: Catherine A. Staton, Joao Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Nicole Toomey, Jihad Abdelgadir, Patricia Chou, Michael Haglund, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Mark Mvungi and Monica Swahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:275

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Three billion people use solid cooking fuels, and 4 million people die from household air pollution annually. Shifting households to clean fuels, like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), may protect health only if ...

    Authors: Lisa M. Thompson, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, John R. Weinstein and Margaret A. Handley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:253

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Non-exclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF) is a risk factor for many of the 2300 under-five deaths occurring daily in Nigeria – a developing country with approximately 40 million children. This study aimed to quant...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Andrew Page, John Idoko and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:247

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  36. Content type: Debate

    The landscape of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) research has changed drastically over the past three decades. With the remarkable success of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in decreasing AIDS-related mortal...

    Authors: Karine Dubé, Stuart Luter, Breanne Lesnar, Luke Newton, Jerome Galea, Brandon Brown and Sara Gianella

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:245

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Eastern Mediterranean region has the second highest number of road traffic injury mortality rates after the African region based on 2013 data, with road traffic injuries accounting for 27% of the total inj...

    Authors: Mathilde Sengoelge, Lucie Laflamme and Ziad El-Khatib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:236

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to its negative effects on health. However, to date, no epidemiological research has examined high-risk sexual behaviors (inconsistent condom...

    Authors: Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Nyein Chan, Su Myat Cho and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:209

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Although acute diarrhea often leads to acute dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, children with diarrhea also suffer long term morbidity, including recurrent or prolonged diarrhea, loss of weight, and linear...

    Authors: Patricia B. Pavlinac, Rebecca L. Brander, Hannah E. Atlas, Grace C. John-Stewart, Donna M. Denno and Judd L. Walson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:208

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of home fortification with iron-containing micronutrient powders varies between trials, perhaps in part due to population differences in adherence. We aimed to assess to what extent adherence meas...

    Authors: Emily M. Teshome, Veronica S. Oriaro, Pauline E. A. Andango, Andrew M. Prentice and Hans Verhoef

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:205

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh is one of the 20 countries with highest burden of stunting globally. A large portion (around 2.2 million) of the population dwells in the slum areas under severe vulnerable conditions. Children resi...

    Authors: M. Munirul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin, Mustafa Mahfuz, A. M. Shamsir Ahmed, Dinesh Mondal, Rashidul Haque and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:197

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    To achieve a world free of schistosomiasis, the objective is to scale up control and elimination efforts in all endemic countries. Where interruption of transmission is considered feasible, countries are encou...

    Authors: Yves-Nathan T. Tian-Bi, Mamadou Ouattara, Stefanie Knopp, Jean T. Coulibaly, Eveline Hürlimann, Bonnie Webster, Fiona Allan, David Rollinson, Aboulaye Meïté, Nana R. Diakité, Cyrille K. Konan, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:186

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  43. Content type: Research article

    For women living with HIV (WLWH) in low- and middle-income countries, World Health Organization (WHO) infant feeding guidelines now recommend exclusive breastfeeding until six months followed by mixed feeding ...

    Authors: Emma Dunkley, Scholastic Ashaba, Bridget Burns, Kasey O’Neil, Naomi Sanyu, Cecilia Akatukwasa, Jasmine Kastner, Nicole S. Berry, Christina Psaros, Lynn T. Matthews and Angela Kaida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:188

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