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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. Since its inception in 2009, the Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa (CARTA) program has focused on strengthening the capacity of nine African universities and four research centres to produce ...

    Authors: Jude O. Igumbor, Edna N. Bosire, Tariro J. Basera, Dieudonne Uwizeye, Olufunke Fayehun, Hesborn Wao, Ademola Ajuwon, Emmanuel Otukpa, Florah Karimi, Daphney Conco, Evelyn Gitau and Sharon Fonn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1030

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many unmarried young people in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) want to avoid pregnancy but do not use modern methods of contraception—as a result, half of teen births in these countries are unintended....

    Authors: Nicki Cohen, Finou Thérèse Mendy, Jennifer Wesson, Amanda Protti, Carol Cissé, Elhadji Babacar Gueye, Lydia Trupe, Rosii Floreak, Dana Guichon, Karina Lorenzana and Alison Buttenheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1025

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Nigeria experience social marginalization, discrimination and violence due to their sexual identity, which may negatively impact physical, mental, ...

    Authors: Adedotun Ogunbajo, Stella Iwuagwu, Rashidi Williams, Katie B. Biello, Christopher W. Kahler, Theodorus G. M. Sandfort and Matthew J. Mimiaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1023

    Content type: Research article

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  4. As countries strive to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, female sex workers (FSW) and their children still face barriers to accessing these essential services. Data on FSW uptake of HIV and reprod...

    Authors: Avi J. Hakim, Tegan Callahan, Irene Benech, Monita Patel, Michelle Adler, Surbhi Modi, Moses Bateganya, Kae Anne Parris and Trista Bingham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1015

    Content type: Correspondence

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  5. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for over 17 million deaths and 353 million disability-adjusted life years lost in 2016. The risk factors are also high and increasing with high blood pressure, smoking,...

    Authors: Wiku Adisasmito, Vilda Amir, Anila Atin, Amila Megraini and Dian Kusuma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1004

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tuberculosis is the deadliest infection of our time. In contrast, about 11,000 people died of Ebola between 2014 and 2016. Despite this manifest difference in mortality, there is now a vaccine licensed in the ...

    Authors: G. Kaguthi, V. Nduba, P. Rabuogi, D. Okelloh, S. G. Ouma, G. Blatner, S. Gelderbloem, Ellen M. H. Mitchell, Cherise P. Scott, S. Verver, T. Hawkridge, J. E. M. de Steenwinkel, K. F. Laserson and J. H. Richardus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:999

    Content type: Research in practice

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  7. Previous studies show a positive association between household wealth and overweight in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries; however, the manner in which this relationship differs in the presence of educationa...

    Authors: Ifeoma D. Ozodiegwu, Henry V. Doctor, Megan Quinn, Laina D. Mercer, Ogbebor Enaholo Omoike and Hadii M. Mamudu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:996

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Emergency care is among the weakest parts of health systems in low-income countries with both quality and accessibility constraints. Previous studies estimated accessibility to surgical or emergency care based...

    Authors: Emily White Johansson, Cecilia Lindsjö, Daniel J. Weiss, Humphreys Nsona, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Norman Lufesi and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:992

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In recent 10 years, with the rapid socioeconomic development and the extensive implementation of children nutrition improvement projects, the previous epidemiological data cannot reflect the actual level of an...

    Authors: Huixia Li, Juan Xiao, Minghui Liao, Guangwen Huang, Jianfei Zheng, Hua Wang, Qun Huang and Aihua Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:989

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Breast cancer incidence is increasing in Vietnam with studies indicating low levels of knowledge and awareness and late presentation. While there is a growing body of literature on challenges faced by women in...

    Authors: Chris Jenkins, Dinh Thu Ha, Vu Tuyet Lan, Hoang Van Minh, Lynne Lohfeld, Paul Murphy and Le Thi Hai Ha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:966

    Content type: Research article

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  11. HIV testing is a gateway to HIV care and treatment for people diagnosed with HIV and can link those with negative results to HIV preventive services. Despite the importance of HIV testing services (HTS) in HIV...

    Authors: Soori Nnko, Daniel Nyato, Evodius Kuringe, Caterina Casalini, Amani Shao, Albert Komba, John Changalucha and Mwita Wambura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:959

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pakistan is facing a serious problem of child under-nutrition as about 38% of children in Pakistan are stunted. Punjab, the largest province by population and contributes high gross domestic product (GDP) shar...

    Authors: Tahir Mahmood, Faisal Abbas, Ramesh Kumar and Ratana Somrongthong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:952

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Community engagement approaches that have impacted on health outcomes are often time intensive, small-scale and require high levels of financial and human resources. They can be difficult to sustain and scale-...

    Authors: Rebecca King, Joseph Hicks, Christian Rassi, Muhammad Shafique, Deepa Barua, Prashanta Bhowmik, Mahua Das, Helen Elsey, Kate Questa, Fariza Fieroze, Prudence Hamade, Sameena Huque, James Newell and Rumana Huque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:950

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are increasingly accessible to patients with hepatitis C (HCV) worldwide and are being introduced through national health systems in sub-Saharan Africa. DAAs are highly efficaci...

    Authors: Janvier Serumondo, Michael J. Penkunas, Julienne Niyikora, Alida Ngwije, Athanase Kiromera, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Justine Umutesi, Sabine Umuraza, Gentille Musengimana and Sabin Nsanzimana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:946

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In the Middle East, tremendous efforts have been made to promote both maternal and child health. However, there is little information in the literature about maternal knowledge of obstetric danger signs. Thus,...

    Authors: Amani Abu-Shaheen, Humariya Heena, Abdullah Nofal, Muhammad Riaz and Isamme AlFayyad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:939

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To achieve the WHO End TB Strategy targets, it is necessary to detect and treat more people with active TB early. Scale–up of active case finding (ACF) may be one strategy to achieve that goal. Given human res...

    Authors: Luan Nguyen Quang Vo, Rachel Jeanette Forse, Andrew James Codlin, Thanh Nguyen Vu, Giang Truong Le, Giang Chau Do, Vinh Van Truong, Ha Minh Dang, Lan Huu Nguyen, Hoa Binh Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Jens Levy, Bertie Squire, Knut Lonnroth and Maxine Caws

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:934

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for schoolchildren are well known, but the appropriate age for introducing training is still being discussed. This is a very important issue, since out-of...

    Authors: Sanela Pivač, Primož Gradišek and Brigita Skela-Savič

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:915

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Adequate supplies of food and food security (FS) are the fundamental aspects of human societies, and considered one of the pivotal factors of individual and social health. The aim of the present study was to a...

    Authors: Helda Tutunchi, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Nazila Farrin, Sirous Tabrizi, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany and Alireza Ostadrahimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:883

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently causing various challenges for all countries around the world. Accordingly, the WHO is placing a great emphasis on the global partnership and allinaces to drive coun...

    Authors: Mojtaba Mehtarpour, Amirhossein Takian, Babak Eshrati and Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:873

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries remain the epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic with the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Anti-retroviral treatment (ART) has improved ...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Suha Ballout, Sowmya R. Rao, Ruth Kimokoti, Chabila C. Mapoma and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:867

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The balance between increasing men’s participation in family planning and rights-based initiatives favoring women’s empowerment is highlighted with the issue of covert use of contraception. While covert use ha...

    Authors: Simon P. S. Kibira, Celia Karp, Shannon N. Wood, Selamawit Desta, Hadiza Galadanci, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme, Amy Tsui and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:865

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Global health partnerships have expanded exponentially in the last two decades with Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance considered the model’s pioneer and leader because of its vaccination programs’ implementation mech...

    Authors: Caroline Soi, Jessica Shearer, Baltazar Chilundo, Vasco Muchanga, Luisa Matsinhe, Sarah Gimbel and Kenneth Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:862

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Immunization of women during pregnancy to protect them and their infants against tetanus, pertussis and influenza is recommended by the World health Organization (WHO). However, there is limited information ab...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:855

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Understanding of the relationship between multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and mental health is limited. With growing prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, addressing mental ill-health has potentia...

    Authors: R. Huque, H. Elsey, F. Fieroze, J. P. Hicks, S. Huque, P. Bhawmik, I. Walker and J. Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:848

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In 2018, there were 70.8 million refugees, asylum seekers and persons displaced by wars and conflicts worldwide. Many of these individuals face a high risk for tuberculosis in their country of origin, which ma...

    Authors: Raquel Proença, Fernanda Mattos Souza, Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Rosângela Caetano, José Ueleres Braga, Eduardo Faerstein and Anete Trajman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:838

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Agriculture represents the mainstay of African economies and livestock products are essential to the human population’s nutritional needs. However, in many developing countries, including Ghana, livestock prod...

    Authors: Francis Sena Nuvey, Katharina Kreppel, Priscilla Awo Nortey, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Bismark Sarfo, Gilbert Fokou, Donne Kofi Ameme, Ernest Kenu, Samuel Sackey, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Edwin Afari, Dixon Chibanda and Bassirou Bonfoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:825

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the main health and development challenge facing humankind all over the world. They are inextricably linked to socio-economic development. Deaths caused by NCDs should be d...

    Authors: Yang Wang and Jinfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:822

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mobile Health (mHealth) is becoming an important tool to improve health outcomes in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). Studies of mHealth interventions, have demonstrated their effectiveness in improvi...

    Authors: Nirmala Murthy, Subhashini Chandrasekharan, Muthu Perumal Prakash, Aakash Ganju, Joanne Peter, Nadi Kaonga and Patricia Mechael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:820

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Recent life expectancy gains in high-income Asia-pacific countries have been largely the result of postponement of death from non-communicable diseases in old age, causing rapid demographic ageing. This study ...

    Authors: Myunggu Jung, Woorim Ko, William Muhwava, Yeohee Choi, Hanna Kim, Young Su Park, Gizachew Balew Jambere and Youngtae Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:819

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The high prevalence and long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) treatment are debated topics because of the risk they can cause to the patients. Despite the current information on the risk-benefit balance of t...

    Authors: F. Torres-Bondia, J. de Batlle, L. Galván, M. Buti, F. Barbé and G. Piñol-Ripoll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:818

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a leading threat to women’s health and safety globally. Women in abusive relationships make critical decisions about safety and harm reduction while weighing multiple competi...

    Authors: Michele R. Decker, Shannon N. Wood, S. Rachel Kennedy, Zaynab Hameeduddin, Catherine Tallam, Irene Akumu, Irene Wanjiru, Ben Asira, Benjamin Omondi, James Case, Amber Clough, Richard Otieno, Morris Mwiti, Nancy Perrin and Nancy Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:808

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. The lack of organ donors has become a limiting factor for the development of organ transplantation programs. Many countries are currently facing a severe shortage of organs for transplantation. Medical student...

    Authors: Fantu Kerga Dibaba, Kabaye Kumela Goro, Amare Desalegn Wolide, Fanta Gashe Fufa, Aster Wakjira Garedow, Birtukan Edilu Tufa and Eshetu Mulisa Bobasa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:799

    Content type: Research article

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  33. HIV/AIDS is one of the most serious problems in many parts of the world, and is a high priority for health managers and decision-makers. The aim of the qualitative part of this study will be to develop a mobil...

    Authors: Md Mosharaf Hossain, Ruhani Binti Mat Min, Zikri Muhammad and Kulanthayan K. C. Mani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:787

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:1278

  34. Many southern African countries are nearing the global goal of diagnosing 90% of people with HIV by 2020. In 2016, 84 and 86% of people with HIV knew their status in Malawi and Zimbabwe, respectively. However,...

    Authors: Cheryl Johnson, Melissa Neuman, Peter MacPherson, Augustine Choko, Caitlin Quinn, Vincent J. Wong, Karin Hatzold, Rose Nyrienda, Getrude Ncube, Rachel Baggaley, Fern Terris-Prestholt and Elizabeth L. Corbett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:779

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective means of public health interventions to prevent childhood deaths from infectious diseases. Although several fragmented studies have been conducted concerning full ...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Muluneh Alene, Kassahun Yawukal Chane, Yoseph Merkebe Alamneh, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:777

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Indian women are more prone to first birth at a relatively younger age after marriage. Also, we do not have sufficient literature available that focuses on contraceptive use before first birth. The analysis of...

    Authors: Pragya Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar Singh, Anjali Singh and Anjali Pandey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:771

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Globally, the prevalence of chronic disease continues to rise and is likely to grow further over the coming decades due to population ageing. Since older age is associated closely with development of chronic d...

    Authors: Sung Hee Kwon, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ah Kim and Kyeong Yeon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:763

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Optio...

    Authors: Nishi Suryavanshi, Abhay Kadam, Savita Kanade, Nikhil Gupte, Amita Gupta, Robert Bollinger, Vidya Mave and Anita Shankar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:752

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), laypersons play a significant role in providing initial care to injured victims of traffic accidents. Post-crash first aid (PFA) training programmes for laypersons h...

    Authors: Menti L. Ndile, Britt-Inger Saveman, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka and Susann Backteman-Erlanson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:750

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality in Ghana, where rural primary health care is provided mainly by the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative. CH...

    Authors: Leah A. Haykin, Jordan A. Francke, Aurelia Abapali, Elliasu Yakubu, Edith Dambayi, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Raymond Aborigo, Denis Awuni, Engelbert A. Nonterah, Abraham R. Oduro, Ayaga A. Bawah, James F. Phillips and David J. Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:745

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Evidence of the impact of community-based nutrition programs is uncommon for two main reasons: the lack of untreated controls, and implementation does not account for the evaluation design. Suchana is a large-sca...

    Authors: Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, S. M. Tanvir Ahmed, Kazi Eliza Islam, Vanessa Self, Shahed Rahman, Lilly Schofield, Andrew Hall and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:744

    Content type: Research in practice

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  42. Since 2014, the migrant population residing in Europe has dramatically increased. Migrants’ unmet health needs represent a barrier to integration and should be promptly addressed, without stigma, in order to f...

    Authors: Filippo Del Puente, Niccolò Riccardi, Lucia Taramasso, Giovanni Sarteschi, Rachele Pincino and Antonio Di Biagio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:738

    Content type: Research article

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  43. A study involving children from Alagoas (Northeast Brazil) revealed that, as a consequence of a drastic reduction in the prevalence of stunting between 1992 to 2005, (22.5 to 11.4%) combined with an increase i...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Gabriela Tenório Albuquerque, Tamara Rodrigues dos Santos, Rosália de Lima Barbosa, Andressa Lima Cavalcante, Luísa Elvira Cavazzani Duarte and Monica Lopes de Assunção

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:736

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Niger has the highest prevalence of child marriage in the world. While child marriage in Niger is clearly normative in the sense that it is commonly practiced, the social and contextual factors that contribute...

    Authors: Holly B. Shakya, John Weeks, Sneha Challa, Paul J. Fleming, Beniamino Cislaghi, Lotus McDougal, Sabrina C. Boyce, Anita Raj and Jay G. Silverman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:729

    Content type: Research article

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  45. HIV-related incidence and mortality is increasing across Peru, with highest mortality rates recorded in the Amazonian region of Loreto. This epidemic is concentrated in men who have sex with men, a population ...

    Authors: Jasmine Tattsbridge, Connie Wiskin, Gilles de Wildt, Anna Clavé Llavall and César Ramal-Asayag

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:728

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Globally only 79% of adults living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) know their status and men in sub-Saharan Africa are considered a particularly hard-to-reach population for HIV testing. Home-based HIV...

    Authors: Daisy Krakowiak, Pamela Makabong’o, Marielle Goyette, John Kinuthia, Alfred Onyango Osoti, Victor Asila, Molly Ann Gone, Jennifer Mark and Carey Farquhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:724

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Child mortality has been reduced by more than 50 % over the past 30 years. A range of secular economic and social developments have been considered to explain this phenomenon. In this paper, we examine the ass...

    Authors: Christopher A. Tait, Abtin Parnia, Nishan Zewge-Abubaker, Wendy H. Wong, Heather Smith-Cannoy and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:707

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Ready-to-use food (RUF) is increasingly used for nutritional therapy in HIV-infected individuals. However, practical guidance advising nutrition care to HIV-infected adolescents is lacking, so that little is k...

    Authors: Fatou Niasse, Marie Varloteaux, Karim Diop, Sidy Mokhtar Ndiaye, François Niokhor Diouf, Pape Birane Mbodj, Babacar Niang, Aminata Diack and Cecile Cames

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:695

    Content type: Research article

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