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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 2 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    School children in developing countries like Nigeria are faced with numerous nutrition and health problems. Lack of functional school health and nutrition programmes in Enugu state, Nigeria may be associated w...

    Authors: Rufina N. B. Ayogu, Ifeoma C. Afiaenyi, Edith U. Madukwe and Elizabeth A. Udenta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:587

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In Cameroon, the National Tuberculosis Control Program that applies selective directly observed treatments faces difficulties in its implementation for a lack of resources, leading to only 65% of patients with...

    Authors: Georges Bediang, Beat Stoll, Nadia Elia, Jean-Louis Abena and Antoine Geissbuhler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:583

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The crucial role of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in influencing children’s handwashing behaviour is widely reported. Report from UNICEF indicates a dearth of adequate data on WASH f...

    Authors: Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J. Harris, Samuel Newton and Gabriel Gulis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:581

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Little is known regarding the nutritional burden in Chinese ethnic minority children. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of excess body weight and underweight for 26 ethnic gro...

    Authors: Yanhui Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Zhaogeng Yang, Zhenghe Wang, Yide Yang, Jun Ma, Bin Dong, Yinghua Ma and Luke Arnold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:562

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Twelve of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are related to malnutrition (both under- and overnutrition), other behavioral, and metabolic risk factors. However, comparative evidence on the impact of b...

    Authors: Yohannes Adama Melaku, Molla Mesele Wassie, Tiffany K. Gill, Shao Jia Zhou, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Azmeraw T. Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Abiy Hiruye, Tesfaye Hailu Bekele, Amare Worku, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Ferew Lemma, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Kebede Deribe…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:552

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The current vaccine against tuberculosis, BCG, is effective when given in most TB-endemic countries at birth but has diminished efficacy against pulmonary TB after 15–20 years. As a result, new booster vaccine...

    Authors: Sienna R. Craig, Timothy Lahey, Apoorva Dixit and C. Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:535

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also...

    Authors: Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes and Ruchira Tabassum Naved

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:512

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway...

    Authors: Vivian N. Mbanya, Abdi A. Gele, Esperanza Diaz and Bernadette Kumar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:517

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth is an important indicator of health status and quality of life of a country’s population. However, little is known about the determinants of HALE as yet globally or even...

    Authors: Md Shariful Islam, Md Nazrul Islam Mondal, Md Ismail Tareque, Md Aminur Rahman, Md Nazrul Hoque, Md Munsur Ahmed and Hafiz T. A. Khan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:476

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Formal education can be a nutrition-sensitive intervention that supports the scale-up and impact of nutrition-specific actions. Maternal education has long been linked to child survival, growth, and developmen...

    Authors: Kassandra L. Harding, Victor M. Aguayo, William A. Masters and Patrick Webb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:470

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Reliable and timely data on maternal and neonatal mortality is required to implement health interventions, monitor progress, and evaluate health programs at national and sub-national levels. In most South Asia...

    Authors: Jasim Anwar, Siranda Torvaldsen, Mohamud Sheikh and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:428

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage, defined as marriage before age 18, is associated with adverse human capital outcomes. The child marriage burden remains high among female adolescents in Indonesia, despite increasing socioecono...

    Authors: Lauren Rumble, Amber Peterman, Nadira Irdiana, Margaret Triyana and Emilie Minnick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:407

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The present association between socioeconomic status (SES) and stroke is positive in developing communities, but it is negative in developed countries where a positive SES-stroke relationship was recorded seve...

    Authors: Shenghua Li, Fei Xu, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Lap Ah. Tse, Yaqing Xiong and Daowen Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:367

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a parasitic skin disease, linked to poverty, and belonging to the group of Neglected Tropical Diseases. Depending on the severity, the type of lesions or scars, and the context,...

    Authors: Issam Bennis, Vincent De Brouwere, Zakaria Belrhiti, Hamid Sahibi and Marleen Boelaert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:358

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  15. Content type: Research article

    It has been suggested that health risks are affected by geographical area, but there are few studies on contextual effects using multilevel analysis, especially regarding unintentional injury. This study inves...

    Authors: Hye Ah Lee, Hyejin Han, Seonhwa Lee, Bomi Park, Bo Hyun Park, Won Kyung Lee, Ju Ok Park, Sungok Hong, Young Taek Kim and Hyesook Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:349

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of malnutrition among children in developing countries is very high. As a step towards reducing the prevalence of malnutrition, there is a need to identify the important determinants of malnutri...

    Authors: Ansuya, Baby S. Nayak, B. Unnikrishnan, Anice George, Shashidhara Y. N., Suneel C. Mundkur and Vasudev Guddattu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:283

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Globally, alcohol is responsible for 3.3 million deaths annually and contributes to 5.9% of the overall global burden of disease. In Sub-Saharan Africa, alcohol is the leading avoidable risk factor accounting ...

    Authors: Catherine A. Staton, Joao Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Nicole Toomey, Jihad Abdelgadir, Patricia Chou, Michael Haglund, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Mark Mvungi and Monica Swahn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:275

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Three billion people use solid cooking fuels, and 4 million people die from household air pollution annually. Shifting households to clean fuels, like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), may protect health only if ...

    Authors: Lisa M. Thompson, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, John R. Weinstein and Margaret A. Handley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:253

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Non-exclusive breastfeeding (non-EBF) is a risk factor for many of the 2300 under-five deaths occurring daily in Nigeria – a developing country with approximately 40 million children. This study aimed to quant...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Andrew Page, John Idoko and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:247

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  20. Content type: Debate

    The landscape of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) research has changed drastically over the past three decades. With the remarkable success of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in decreasing AIDS-related mortal...

    Authors: Karine Dubé, Stuart Luter, Breanne Lesnar, Luke Newton, Jerome Galea, Brandon Brown and Sara Gianella

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:245

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The Eastern Mediterranean region has the second highest number of road traffic injury mortality rates after the African region based on 2013 data, with road traffic injuries accounting for 27% of the total inj...

    Authors: Mathilde Sengoelge, Lucie Laflamme and Ziad El-Khatib

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:236

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Methamphetamine (MA) use is a significant public health concern due to its negative effects on health. However, to date, no epidemiological research has examined high-risk sexual behaviors (inconsistent condom...

    Authors: Yu Mon Saw, Thu Nandar Saw, Nyein Chan, Su Myat Cho and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:209

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Although acute diarrhea often leads to acute dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, children with diarrhea also suffer long term morbidity, including recurrent or prolonged diarrhea, loss of weight, and linear...

    Authors: Patricia B. Pavlinac, Rebecca L. Brander, Hannah E. Atlas, Grace C. John-Stewart, Donna M. Denno and Judd L. Walson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:208

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of home fortification with iron-containing micronutrient powders varies between trials, perhaps in part due to population differences in adherence. We aimed to assess to what extent adherence meas...

    Authors: Emily M. Teshome, Veronica S. Oriaro, Pauline E. A. Andango, Andrew M. Prentice and Hans Verhoef

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:205

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh is one of the 20 countries with highest burden of stunting globally. A large portion (around 2.2 million) of the population dwells in the slum areas under severe vulnerable conditions. Children resi...

    Authors: M. Munirul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin, Mustafa Mahfuz, A. M. Shamsir Ahmed, Dinesh Mondal, Rashidul Haque and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:197

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    To achieve a world free of schistosomiasis, the objective is to scale up control and elimination efforts in all endemic countries. Where interruption of transmission is considered feasible, countries are encou...

    Authors: Yves-Nathan T. Tian-Bi, Mamadou Ouattara, Stefanie Knopp, Jean T. Coulibaly, Eveline Hürlimann, Bonnie Webster, Fiona Allan, David Rollinson, Aboulaye Meïté, Nana R. Diakité, Cyrille K. Konan, Eliézer K. N’Goran and Jürg Utzinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:186

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  27. Content type: Research article

    For women living with HIV (WLWH) in low- and middle-income countries, World Health Organization (WHO) infant feeding guidelines now recommend exclusive breastfeeding until six months followed by mixed feeding ...

    Authors: Emma Dunkley, Scholastic Ashaba, Bridget Burns, Kasey O’Neil, Naomi Sanyu, Cecilia Akatukwasa, Jasmine Kastner, Nicole S. Berry, Christina Psaros, Lynn T. Matthews and Angela Kaida

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:188

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common form of violence in conflict and post-conflict settings, but there are few evaluations of interventions to prevent IPV in such settings.

    Authors: Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Mohammed Shafiq, Frozan Marofi, Anna Mecagni, Carron Mann, Fazal Karim, Esnat Chirwa, Charlotte Maxwell-Jones and Rachel Jewkes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:164

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The home food environment has the potential to influence the eating behaviour of adolescents. This investigation aimed to understand Indian adolescents’ perspectives of their home food environments.

    Authors: Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell and Anthony Worsley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:169

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Livelihoods strategies and food security experiences can positively and negatively affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. This study contributes to this literature by exploring how variation i...

    Authors: Bailey Hanselman, Ramya Ambikapathi, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Laura E. Caulfield and Crystal L. Patil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:159

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence ...

    Authors: Janet Njelesani, Goli Hashemi, Cathy Cameron, Deb Cameron, Danielle Richard and Penny Parnes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:153

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  32. Content type: Research article

    New technological breakthroughs in biomedicine should have made it easier for countries to improve life expectancy at birth (LEB). This paper measures the pace of improvement in the decadal gains of LEB, for t...

    Authors: Carolina Cardona and David Bishai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:151

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  33. Content type: Research article

    East and South Africa contributes 59% of all pediatric HIV infections globally. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among HIV exposed infants was estimated at 5.3% in 2014. Understanding the remaining bottlenecks to eli...

    Authors: Methuselah Muhindo Kahungu, Julius Kiwanuka, Frank Kaharuza and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:139

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  34. Content type: Debate

    Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs th...

    Authors: K. A. Franc, R. C. Krecek, B. N. Häsler and A. M. Arenas-Gamboa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:125

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The global coverage rate of birth registration is only around 65% for the population of children under five although birth registration secures protection and access to health services that are fundamental rig...

    Authors: Marika Nomura, Phonepadith Xangsayarath, Kenzo Takahashi, Yusuke Kamiya, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Hina Ogino and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:116

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Severe wasting affects 16 million under 5’s and carries an immediate risk of death. Prevalence remains unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa and early infancy is a high-risk period. We aimed to explore risk ...

    Authors: Helen M. Nabwera, Sophie E. Moore, Martha K. Mwangome, Sassy C. Molyneux, Momodou K. Darboe, Nyima Camara-Trawally, Bakary Sonko, Alhagie Darboe, Seedy Singhateh, Anthony J. Fulford and Andrew M. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:109

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is faced with a rapidly increasing burden of non-communicable diseases including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The UAE Healthy Future study is a prospective coho...

    Authors: Abdishakur Abdulle, Abdullah Alnaeemi, Abdullah Aljunaibi, Abdulrahman Al Ali, Khaled Al Saedi, Eiman Al Zaabi, Naima Oumeziane, Marina Al Bastaki, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Fatma Al Maskari, Ayesha Al Dhaheri, Syed M. Shah, Tom Loney, Mohamed El-Sadig, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Leila Abdel Wareth…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:101

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is now one of the leading causes of disease-related deaths globally. India has the world’s second largest number of individuals living with diabetes. Lifestyle change has been p...

    Authors: Elezebeth Mathews, Emma Thomas, Pilvikki Absetz, Fabrizio D’Esposito, Zahra Aziz, Sajitha Balachandran, Meena Daivadanam, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan and Brian Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 17:974

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  39. Content type: Research article

    It is notable that sitting height (SH) correlates with blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents of developed countries. However, little is known about the relationships between SH and SH to height ratio...

    Authors: Nthai E. Ramoshaba, Kotsedi D. Monyeki, Joyce Mpya and Mafolwa S. Monyeki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 17:973

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  40. Content type: Research article

    While mobile health (mHealth) programs are increasingly used to provide health information and deliver interventions, little is known regarding the relative reach and effectiveness of these programs across soc...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:969

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Women bear a disproportionate burden of HIV throughout the world prompting extensive research into HIV prevention products for women which has met with varied success. With an aim of informing future policy an...

    Authors: Robyn Eakle, Adam Bourne, Caitlin Jarrett, Jonathan Stadler and Heidi Larson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:968

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has confronted decades of the HIV epidemic with substantial improvements in access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Now, with improved survival, people living with HIV (PLW...

    Authors: Emily P. Hyle, Bongani M. Mayosi, Keren Middelkoop, Mosepele Mosepele, Emily B. Martey, Rochelle P. Walensky, Linda-Gail Bekker and Virginia A. Triant

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:954

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; h...

    Authors: Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L. Hawley, Mayur M. Desai, Ann R. Akiteng, David Guwatudde and Jeremy I. Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:947

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is among the highest in the world with an estimated 160 women dying every day of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In addition to appropriate management of ...

    Authors: Stella Babalola, Olamide Oyenubi, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa Cobb, Akinsewa Akiode and Mojisola Odeku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:942

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan infecting humans and animals. Infection in adults usually causes mild disease but greater importance lies in preventing transplacental t...

    Authors: Devika Iddawela, Sanura Malinda Pallegoda Vithana and Chathura Ratnayake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:930

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