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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 15 of 17

  1. Tanzania is among the countries in the world where the cervical cancer incidence is estimated to be highest. Acknowledging an increase in the burden of cervical cancer, VIA was implemented as a regional cervic...

    Authors: Crispin Kahesa, Susanne Kruger Kjaer, Twalib Ngoma, Julius Mwaiselage, Myassa Dartell, Thomas Iftner and Vibeke Rasch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1055

    Content type: Research article

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  2. High out-of-pocket-expenditure (OOPE) deters families from seeking skilled/institutional care. ‘Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a conditional cash transfer programme launched in 2005 to mitigate OOPE and to promote...

    Authors: Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Manish Kumar, Ashok Kumar and Christopher Millett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1048

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rehydration therapy is a critical intervention to save the lives of children during the episodes of diarrhea. However, millions of children die every year due to failure to replace fluid effectively. The objec...

    Authors: Bezatu Mengistie, Yemane Berhane and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1029

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The global burden of diabetes and other non-communicable diseases is rising dramatically worldwide and is causing a double poor health burden in low- and middle-income countries. Early life influences play an ...

    Authors: Mark A Hanson, Peter D Gluckman, Ronald CW Ma, Priya Matzen and Regien G Biesma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1025

    Content type: Debate

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  5. Undocumented immigrants are likely to be missing from population databases, making it impossible to identify an accurate sampling frame in migration research. No population-based data has been collected in Chi...

    Authors: Baltica Cabieses, Kate E Pickett and Helena Tunstall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1013

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Improving utilization of antenatal care is a critical strategy for achieving China’s Millennium Development Goal of decreasing the maternal mortality ratio (MMR). While overall utilization has increased recent...

    Authors: Qi Zhao, Zhihuan Jennifer Huang, Sijia Yang, Jie Pan, Brian Smith and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1012

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The term iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) refers to all the effects of iodine deficiency on growth and development in human and animal populations that can be prevented by correction of the iodine deficiency....

    Authors: Rashad Mohammed Ali Alsanosy, Abdelrahim Mutwakel Gaffar, Husam Eldin Elsawi Khalafalla, Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Abdel Naser Shaaban Zaid and Ibrahim Ahmed Bani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:1006

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Appropriate facility-based care at birth is a key determinant of safe motherhood but geographical access remains poor in many high burden regions. Despite its importance, geographical access is rarely audited ...

    Authors: Peter W Gething, Fiifi Amoako Johnson, Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Philomena Nyarko, Angela Baschieri, Patrick Aboagye, Jane Falkingham, Zoe Matthews and Peter M Atkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:991

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The burden of chronic conditions is on the rise in India, necessitating long-term support from healthcare services. Healthcare, in India, is primarily financed through out-of-pocket payments by households. Con...

    Authors: Upendra Bhojani, BS Thriveni, Roopa Devadasan, CM Munegowda, Narayanan Devadasan, Patrick Kolsteren and Bart Criel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:990

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Tuberculosis (TB) is known to disproportionately affect the most economically disadvantaged strata of society. Many studies have assessed the association between poverty and TB, but only a few have assessed th...

    Authors: Devra M Barter, Stephen O Agboola, Megan B Murray and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:980

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Though prevention and treatment depend on individuals knowing their HIV status, the uptake of testing remains low in Sub-Saharan Africa. One initiative to encourage HIV testing involves delivering services at ...

    Authors: David Kyaddondo, Rhoda K Wanyenze, John Kinsman and Anita Hardon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:966

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study was to describe and compare breastfeeding practices in rural and urban areas of Vietnam and to study associations with possibly influencing person and household factors. This type of stud...

    Authors: Huong Nguyen Thu, Bo Eriksson, Toan Tran Khanh, Max Petzold, Göran Bondjers, Chuc Nguyen Thi Kim, Liem Nguyen Thanh and Henry Ascher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:964

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Idjwi, an island of approximately 220,000 people, is located in eastern DRC and functions semi-autonomously under the governance of two kings (mwamis). At more than 8 live births per woman, Idjwi has one of the h...

    Authors: Dana R Thomson, Michael B Hadley, P Gregg Greenough and Marcia C Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:959

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Appropriate home management of illness is vital to efforts to control malaria. The strategy of home management relies on caregivers to recognize malaria symptoms, assess severity and promptly seek appropriate ...

    Authors: Amy A Ellis, Sidy Traore, Seydou Doumbia, Sarah L Dalglish and Peter J Winch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:946

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Domestic violence - physical, psychological, or sexual abuse perpetrated against women by one or more family members – is highly prevalent in India. However, relatively little research has been conducted on in...

    Authors: Suneeta Krishnan, Kalyani Subbiah, Prabha Chandra and Krishnamachari Srinivasan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:943

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Low birth weight and maternal anemia remain intractable problems in many developing countries. The adequacy of the current strategy of providing iron-folic acid (IFA) supplements only during pregnancy has been...

    Authors: Phuong H Nguyen, Alyssa E Lowe, Reynaldo Martorell, Hieu Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Lynnette M Neufeld, Gregory A Reinhart and Usha Ramakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:898

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. The continuous increase in number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) represents a serious health and economic burden. HIV positive individuals with oral lesions have significantly lower oral health-related...

    Authors: Saad A Khan, Jayanthy Moorthy, Hanan Omar and Syed Shahzad Hasan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:850

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Interventions designed to prevent HIV and STIs in female sex-workers (FSWs) reach women after they formally enter the sex-trade. We aimed to characterize the pattern of sexual behaviour among FSWs from first-s...

    Authors: Sharmistha Mishra, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, James F Blanchard, Shiva Halli, Stephen Moses, T Raghavendra, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Rob Lorway and Marissa Becker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:829

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The North-east Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland consistently report relatively high HIV prevalence. The targeted HIV prevention interventions in these two states are mostly delivered by non-government org...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Chinzaning Hangzo Songput, Collins Z Sono, Temjen Nungsang Jamir and Alex Devine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:825

    Content type: Research article

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  20. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) is a critical gateway for addressing HIV prevention and linking people to treatment, care, and support. Since national testing rates are often less than optimal, there is grow...

    Authors: Reshma Naik, Hanani Tabana, Tanya Doherty, Wanga Zembe and Debra Jackson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:824

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Worldwide urbanization has become a crucial issue in recent years. Bangladesh, one of the poorest and most densely-populated countries in the world, has been facing rapid urbanization. In urban areas, maternal...

    Authors: Nuzhat Choudhury, Allisyn C Moran, M Ashraful Alam, Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Sabina F Rashid and Peter Kim Streatfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:791

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Women in Nigeria face some of the highest maternal mortality risks in the world. We explore the benefits and cost-effectiveness of individual and integrated packages of interventions to prevent pregnancy-relat...

    Authors: Daniel O Erim, Stephen C Resch and Sue J Goldie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:786

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Violence and mobility have been identified as critical factors contributing to the spread of HIV worldwide. This study aimed to assess the independent and combined associations of mobility and violence with se...

    Authors: Sowmya Ramesh, Deepika Ganju, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Ram Manohar Mishra and Niranjan Saggurti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:764

    Content type: Research article

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  24. There is paucity of data on the dietary intake and nutritional status of urban Ethiopians which necessitates comprehensive nutritional assessments. Therefore, the present study was aimed at evaluating the diet...

    Authors: Bemnet Amare, Beyene Moges, Feleke Moges, Bereket Fantahun, Mengesha Admassu, Andargachew Mulu and Afework Kassu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:752

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The discourse about mental health problems among migrants and refugees tends to focus on adverse pre-migration experiences; there is less investigation of the environmental conditions in which refugee migrants...

    Authors: Nasir Warfa, Sarah Curtis, Charles Watters, Ken Carswell, David Ingleby and Kamaldeep Bhui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:749

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In the developed world, information on vital events is routinely collected nationally to inform population and health policies. However, in many low-and middle-income countries, especially those in sub-Saharan...

    Authors: Yazoume Ye, Marilyn Wamukoya, Alex Ezeh, Jacques B O Emina and Osman Sankoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:741

    Content type: Debate

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  27. Infant mortality rates (IMR) remain high in many sub-Saharan African countries, especially in rural settings where access to health services may be limited. Studies in such communities can provide relevant dat...

    Authors: Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Nicolas Meda, Halvor Sommerfelt, Germain S Traore, Simon Cousens and Thorkild Tylleskar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:739

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Recent evidence has confirmed that circumcision can be performed as a preventive strategy for HIV and early infant male circumcision (EIMC) is regarded to be safer than circumcision in adulthood; however, limi...

    Authors: Lianjun Pan, Aixia Zhang, Rong Shen and Zhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:738

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Induction of labor is being increasingly used to prevent adverse outcomes in the mother and the newborn.This study assessed the prevalence of induction of labor and determinants of its use in Africa.

    Authors: Fawole Bukola, Nafiou Idi, Machoki M’Mimunya, Wolomby-Molondo Jean-Jose, Mugerwa Kidza, Neves Isilda, Amokrane Faouzi, Shah Archana, Souza Joao Paulo, Mathai Matthews and Gulmezoglu Metin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:722

    Content type: Research article

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  30. High maternal mortality in India is a serious public health challenge. Demand side financing interventions have emerged as a strategy to promote access to emergency obstetric care. Two such state run programs,...

    Authors: Kristi Sidney, Ayesha de Costa, Vishal Diwan, Dileep V Mavalankar and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:699

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Female circumcision (FC) has lifelong adverse social and health consequences for women, and its abolition will not only enhance the health of children and women, but also promote gender equality. Like many oth...

    Authors: Abdi A Gele, Elise B Johansen and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:697

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Hepatitis B (HB) is a serious global public health problem. This study aims to evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) towards Hepatitis B (HB) among healthy population of Quetta city, Pakistan.

    Authors: Noman ul Haq, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Asrul A Shafie, Fahad Saleem, Maryam Farooqui and Hisham Aljadhey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:692

    Content type: Research article

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  33. One in five Americans under age 18 lives in a family below the Federal poverty threshold. These more than 15 million children are at increased risk of a wide variety of adverse long-term health and development...

    Authors: Ruth Perou, Marc N Elliott, Susanna N Visser, Angelika H Claussen, Keith G Scott, Leila H Beckwith, Judy Howard, Lynne F Katz and D Camille Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:691

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. It is unclear how long it takes for health interventions to transition from research and development (R&D) to being used against diseases prevalent in resource-poor countries. We undertook an analysis of the t...

    Authors: Alan Brooks, Thomas A Smith, Don de Savigny and Christian Lengeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:683

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Studies on the effects of tuberculosis on a patient’s quality of life (QOL) are scant. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Taiwan short version of the World Health Or...

    Authors: Wei-Sheng Chung, Yu-Ling Lan and Ming-Chin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:630

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Parenting programmes are effective in enhancing parenting practices and child development. This study evaluated the effects of a intervention with psychosocial stimulation (PS) on the quality of the home envir...

    Authors: Baitun Nahar, Md Iqbal Hossain, Jena D Hamadani, Tahmeed Ahmed, Sally Grantham-McGregor and Lars-Ake Persson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:622

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Several studies have demonstrated that women have greater mobility disability than men. The goals of this research were: 1) to assess the gender gap in mobility difficulty in 70 countries; 2) to determine whet...

    Authors: Samia Djemâa Mechakra-Tahiri, Ellen E Freeman, Slim Haddad, Elodie Samson and Maria Victoria Zunzunegui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:598

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To quantify the contribution of locally implemented prevention programmes in contributing to reductions in treatment and care costs by averting HIV infections among those who inject drugs this study calculates...

    Authors: Mingjian J Ni, Li Ping Fu, Xue Ling Chen, Xiao Yuan Hu and Kim Wheeler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:572

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Recently, an infant and child feeding index (ICFI) constructed on brief recalls of breastfeeding, feeding frequency and food diversification was assumed to provide long-term prediction about child feeding prac...

    Authors: Jing-Qiu Ma, Li-Li Zhou, Yan-Qi Hu, Jin-Rong Liu, Shan-Shan Liu, Jie Zhang and Xiao-Yang Sheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:568

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In low and middle income countries, public perceptions of drinking water safety are relevant to promotion of household water treatment and to household choices over drinking water sources. However, most studie...

    Authors: Jim A Wright, Hong Yang, Ulrike Rivett and Stephen W Gundry

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:556

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Relating Information on causes of deaths to implementation of health interventions provides vital information for program planning and evaluation. This paper from Ballabgarh Health and Demographic Surveillance...

    Authors: Anand Krishnan, Nawi Ng, Suresh K Kapoor, Chandrakant S Pandav and Peter Byass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:555

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The study was carried out to record adverse pregnancy outcomes and to obtain information about sex ratio at birth in rural especially tribal areas in the State of Maharashtra, India. Although the tribal popula...

    Authors: Prakash Prabhakarrao Doke, Madhusudan Vamanrao Karantaki and Shailesh Rajaram Deshpande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:543

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In recent randomized controlled trials, male circumcision has been proven to complement the available biomedical interventions in decreasing HIV transmission from infected women to uninfected men. Consequently...

    Authors: Edith AM Tarimo, Joel M Francis, Deodatus Kakoko, Patricia Munseri, Muhammad Bakari and Eric Sandstrom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:529

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Socioeconomic inequalities in child nutrition may change rapidly over time, particularly in populations undergoing the nutrition transition. Yet, the few available studies are repeated cross-sectional surveys....

    Authors: Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Ana M B Menezes, Aluísio J D Barros, Denise P Gigante, Bernardo L Horta, Fernando C Barros and Cesar G Victora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:511

    Content type: Research article

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