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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 14 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    In recent randomized controlled trials, male circumcision has been proven to complement the available biomedical interventions in decreasing HIV transmission from infected women to uninfected men. Consequently...

    Authors: Edith AM Tarimo, Joel M Francis, Deodatus Kakoko, Patricia Munseri, Muhammad Bakari and Eric Sandstrom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:529

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic inequalities in child nutrition may change rapidly over time, particularly in populations undergoing the nutrition transition. Yet, the few available studies are repeated cross-sectional surveys....

    Authors: Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Ana M B Menezes, Aluísio J D Barros, Denise P Gigante, Bernardo L Horta, Fernando C Barros and Cesar G Victora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:511

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Folate and iron deficiency during pregnancy are risk factors for anaemia, preterm delivery, and low birth weight, and may contribute to poor neonatal health and increased maternal mortality. The World Health O...

    Authors: Olukemi Ogundipe, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye, Olola Oneko, Rachael Manongi, Rolv Terje Lie and Anne Kjersti Daltveit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:481

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Noncommunicable diseases are an increasing health concern worldwide, but particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This study quantified and compared education- and wealth-based inequalities in the pre...

    Authors: Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Shanthi Mendis, Sam Harper, Emese Verdes, Anton Kunst and Somnath Chatterji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:474

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Domestic violence (DV) against women is a serious human rights abuse and well recognised global public health concern. The occurrence of DV is negatively associated with the educational level of spouses but st...

    Authors: Daniel Rapp, Beate Zoch, M Mobarak H Khan, Thorsten Pollmann and Alexander Krämer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:467

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  6. Content type: Correspondence

    Since the completion of three clinical trials indicating that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is an effective method to reduce men’s chances of acquiring HIV, use of the procedure has been advocated...

    Authors: Charlene N Muzyka, Laura H Thompson, Andrea E Bombak, S Michelle Driedger and Robert Lorway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:465

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In Kenya, infant mortality rate increased from 59 deaths per 1000 live births in 1988 to 78 deaths per 1000 live births by 2003. This was an increase of about 32 percent in 15 years. The reasons behind this up...

    Authors: Sam W Wafula, Lawrence DE Ikamari and Boniface O K’Oyugi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:441

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Childhood mortality rate is high in Nigeria. There is dearth of information on the comparison of childhood mortality probability and its causal factors in the Northern and Southern Nigeria. This study was desi...

    Authors: Ayo S Adebowale, Bidemi O Yusuf and Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:430

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Although linear growth during childhood may be affected by early-life exposures, few studies have examined whether the effects of these exposures linger on during school age, particularly in low- and middle-in...

    Authors: Barbara H Lourenço, Eduardo Villamor, Rosângela A Augusto and Marly A Cardoso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:265

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  10. Content type: Correspondence

    In this paper, the authors share their experience on evidence utilization in the development of Thailand’s maternal iodine supplementation policy in 2009–2010. Observations and reflections on their experience ...

    Authors: Utsana Tonmukayakul, Román Pérez Velasco, Sripen Tantivess and Yot Teerawattananon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:391

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The study was set up to identify the extent and nature of difficulty with activities of daily living (disabilities) among elderly village residents of Bangladesh, to describe help currently given and to identi...

    Authors: Nicola Cherry, Morshed Chowdhury, Rezaul Haque, Corbett McDonald and Zafrullah Chowdhury

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:379

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Cervix cancer, preventable, continues to be the third most common cancer in women worldwide, especially in lowest income countries. Prophylactic HPV vaccination should help to reduce the morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Joël Ladner, Marie-Hélène Besson, Rachel Hampshire, Lisa Tapert, Mike Chirenje and Joseph Saba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:370

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In order to achieve universal health coverage, the government of Anambra State, southeast Nigeria has distributed free Long-lasting Insecticide treated Nets (LLINs) to the general population and delivered free...

    Authors: Chinyere O Mbachu, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Benjamin SC Uzochukwu, Eloka Uchegbu, Joseph Oranuba and Amobi L Ilika

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:315

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  14. Content type: Research article

    An important contribution of the social determinants of health perspective has been to inquire about non-medical determinants of population health. Among these, labour market regulations are of vital significa...

    Authors: Carles Muntaner, Haejoo Chung, Joan Benach and Edwin Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:286

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Male Circumcision (MC) has been recommended as one of the preventive measures against sexual HIV transmission by the World Health Organization (WHO). Rwanda has adopted MC as recommended but the country is a n...

    Authors: Rwego A Gasasira, Malabika Sarker, Landry Tsague, Sabin Nsanzimana, Aimée Gwiza, Jennifer Mbabazi, Corine Karema, Anita Asiimwe and Placidie Mugwaneza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:134

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Bangladesh has about 5.7 million people living in urban slums that are characterized by adverse living conditions, poor access to healthcare services and health outcomes. In an attempt to ensure safe maternal,...

    Authors: Fatema Khatun, Sabrina Rasheed, Allisyn C Moran, Ashraful M Alam, Mohammad Sohel Shomik, Munira Sultana, Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Iqbal and Abbas Bhuiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:84

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Adult male surgical circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce HIV acquisition in men and is recommended by the WHO for inclusion in comprehensive national HIV prevention programs in high prevalence settings. ...

    Authors: Angela Kelly, Martha Kupul, Lisa Fitzgerald, Herick Aeno, James Neo, Richard Naketrumb, Peter Siba, John M Kaldor and Andrew Vallely

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:67

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  18. Content type: Research article

    While India has made significant progress in reducing maternal mortality, attaining further declines will require increased skilled birth attendance and institutional delivery among marginalized and difficult ...

    Authors: Paul C Adamson, Karl Krupp, Bhavana Niranjankumar, Alexandra H Freeman, Mudassir Khan and Purnima Madhivanan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:30

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Ambitious UN goals to reduce the mother-to-child transmission of HIV have not been met in much of Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper focuses on the quality of information provision and counseling and disclosure pa...

    Authors: Anita Hardon, Eva Vernooij, Grace Bongololo-Mbera, Peter Cherutich, Alice Desclaux, David Kyaddondo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Melissa Neuman, Rhoda Wanyenze and Carla Obermeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:26

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  20. Content type: Research article

    WHO estimates suggest that age-specific death rates from non-communicable diseases are higher in sub-Saharan Africa than in high-income countries. The objectives of this study were to examine, in Burkina Faso,...

    Authors: Malgorzata Miszkurka, Slim Haddad, Étienne V Langlois, Ellen E Freeman, Seni Kouanda and Maria Victoria Zunzunegui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:24

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is an important public health problem worldwide, which comprises approximately 12% of all cancers in women. In Tanzania, the estimated incidence rate is 30 to 40 per 100,000 women, indicating a...

    Authors: Frida S Lyimo and Tanya N Beran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:22

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In March 2002, Nepal's Parliament approved legislation to permit abortion on request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy. Between 2004 and 2007, 176 comprehensive abortion care (CAC) service sites were established in ...

    Authors: Kathryn Andersen, Bela Ganatra, Sarah Stucke, Indira Basnett, Yagya B Karki and Kusum Thapa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:9

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Improving perinatal health is the key to achieving the Millennium Development Goal for child survival. Recently, several reviews suggest that scaling up available effective perinatal interventions in an integr...

    Authors: Anisur Rahman, Allisyn Moran, Jesmin Pervin, Aminur Rahman, Monjur Rahman, Sharifa Yeasmin, Hosneara Begum, Harunor Rashid, Mohammad Yunus, Daniel Hruschka, Shams E Arifeen, Peter K Streatfield, Lynn Sibley, Abbas Bhuiya and Marge Koblinsky

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:914

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency during infancy may lead to rickets and possibly other poor health outcomes. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. Breast milk is the best...

    Authors: Barbara Crocker, Tim J Green, Susan I Barr, Bridgid Beckingham, Radhika Bhagat, Beata Dabrowska, Rachel Douthwaite, Carmen Evanson, Russell Friesen, Kathy Hydamaka, Wangyang Li, Kelly Simmons and Lillian Tse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:905

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Several studies witnessed that prenatal zinc deficiency (ZD) predisposes to diverse pregnancy complications. However, scientific evidences on the determinants of prenatal ZD are scanty and inconclusive. The pu...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin, Fikre Enquselassie and Melaku Umeta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:898

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of HIV/AIDS has exacerbated the impact of childhood undernutrition in many developing countries, including Tanzania. Even with the provision of antiretroviral therapy, undernutrition among HIV-p...

    Authors: Bruno F Sunguya, Krishna C Poudel, Keiko Otsuka, Junko Yasuoka, Linda B Mlunde, David P Urassa, Namala P Mkopi and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:869

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Reproductive morbidity has a huge impact on the health and quality of life of women. We aimed to determine the prevalence of reproductive morbidities and the health seeking behavior of a nationally representat...

    Authors: Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar and Mehrandokht Abedini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:863

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Cancer is mainly a disease of older patients. In older cancer patients, additional endpoints such as quality of survival and daily functioning might be considered equally relevant as overall or disease free su...

    Authors: Laura Deckx, Doris van Abbema, Katherine Nelissen, Liesbeth Daniels, Piet Stinissen, Paul Bulens, Loes Linsen, Jean-Luc Rummens, Geert Robaeys, Eric T de Jonge, Bert Houben, Karin Pat, Daan Walgraeve, Luc Spaas, Jolanda Verheezen, Thessa Verniest…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:825

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  29. Content type: Debate

    Despite the increase in the number of clinical trials in low and middle income countries (LMICs), there has been little serious discussion of whether First in Human (FIH; phase 0 and phase 1) clinical trials s...

    Authors: Lydia Kapiriri, James V Lavery, Peter A Singer, Hassan Mshinda, Lorne Babiuk and Abdallah S Daar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:811

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS) (2006-2015) aims to reach and sustain high levels of vaccine coverage, provide immunization services to age groups beyond infancy and to those currently not r...

    Authors: David W Brown, Anthony Burton, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Rouslan I Karimov, Jos Vandelaer and Jean Marie Okwo-Bele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:806

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Structural factors are known to affect individual risk and vulnerability to HIV. In the context of an HIV prevention programme for over 60,000 female sex workers (FSWs) in south India, we developed structural ...

    Authors: Vandana Gurnani, Tara S Beattie, Parinita Bhattacharjee, HL Mohan, Srinath Maddur, Reynold Washington, Shajy Isac, BM Ramesh, Stephen Moses and James F Blanchard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:755

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In Pakistan, preference for boys over girls is deeply culturally embedded. From birth, many women experience gendered disadvantages; less access to scarce resources, poorer health care, higher child mortality,...

    Authors: Farah Qadir, Murad M Khan, Girmay Medhin and Martin Prince

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:745

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The estimated life expectancy at birth for Indigenous Australians is 10-11 years less than the general Australian population. The mean family income for Indigenous people is also significantly lower than for n...

    Authors: Yuejen Zhao, Jiqiong You, Steven L Guthridge and Andy H Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:737

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The negative effects of stigma on persons living with HIV (PLHIV) have been documented in many settings and it is thought that stigma against PLHIV leads to more difficulties for those who need to access HIV t...

    Authors: Anastasia Pharris, Nguyen Phuong Hoa, Carol Tishelman, Gaetano Marrone, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc, Ruairí Brugha and Anna Thorson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:705

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Subjects with non-fatal poisoning may be left with permanent, disabling sequelae, and the resultant long-term use of medical services smay be a burden on the public health care system. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Wu-Chien Chien, Jin-Ding Lin, Ching-Huang Lai, Chi-Hsiang Chung and Yu-Chen Hung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:703

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In Vietnam, primary government health services are now accessible for the whole population including ethnic minority groups (EMGs) living in rural and mountainous areas. However, little is known about EMGs' ow...

    Authors: Thilde Rheinländer, Helle Samuelsen, Anders Dalsgaard and Flemming Konradsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:690

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Social and emotional well-being is an important component of overall health. In the Indigenous Australian context, risk indicators of poor social and emotional well-being include social determinants such as po...

    Authors: Lisa M Jamieson, Yin C Paradies, Wendy Gunthorpe, Sheree J Cairney and Susan M Sayers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:656

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  38. Content type: Research article

    HIV is treated as a chronic disease, but high lost-to-follow-up rates and poor adherence to medication result in higher mortality, morbidity, and viral mutation. Within 18 clinical sites in rural Zambézia Prov...

    Authors: Kate Groh, Carolyn M Audet, Alberto Baptista, Mohsin Sidat, Alfredo Vergara, Sten H Vermund and Troy D Moon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:650

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Body art practices have emerged as common activities among youth, yet few studies have investigated awareness in different age groups of possible health complications associated with piercing and tattooing.

    Authors: Francesca Gallè, Caterina Mancusi, Valeria Di Onofrio, Aniello Visciano, Vincenza Alfano, Roberto Mastronuzzi, Marco Guida and Giorgio Liguori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:625

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In India, 55% of women and 69.5% of preschool children are anaemic despite national policies recommending routine iron supplementation. Understanding factors associated with receipt of iron in the field could ...

    Authors: Sant-Rayn Pasricha, Beverley-Ann Biggs, NS Prashanth, H Sudarshan, Rob Moodie, Jim Black and Arun Shet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:617

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Approximately one-third of a million women die each year from pregnancy-related conditions. Three-quarters of these deaths are considered avoidable. Millennium Development Goal five calls for a reduction in ma...

    Authors: Saffron Karlsen, Lale Say, João-Paulo Souza, Carol J Hogue, Dinorah L Calles, A Metin Gülmezoglu and Rosalind Raine

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:606

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Racism has been identified as an important determinant of health but few studies have explored associations between racism and health outcomes for Australian Aboriginal young people in urban areas.

    Authors: Naomi Priest, Yin Paradies, Paul Stewart and Joanne Luke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:568

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school chi...

    Authors: Habib Benzian, Bella Monse, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Jan Mulder and Wim van Palenstein Helderman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:558

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