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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 16

  1. Content type: Research article

    Current data suggest that approximately 466 million people (5.0%) of the world’s population have disabling hearing loss, therefrom, 34 million children, impacting their quality of life. To provide estimates on...

    Authors: C. Schmucker, P. Kapp, E. Motschall, J. Loehler and J. J. Meerpohl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1277

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    Individual behavior change is a critical ingredient in efforts to improve global health. Central to the focus on behavior has been a growing understanding of how the human brain makes decisions, from motivatio...

    Authors: Alison M. Buttenheim, Michael Z. Levy, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Molly McGuire, Amparo M. Toledo Vizcarra, Lina M. Mollesaca Riveros, Julio Meza, Katty Borrini-Mayori, Cesar Naquira, Jere Behrman and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1272

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although hepatitis B vaccinations have been integrated in the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) in India over a decade, only half of the children are immunized against hepatitis B. The national average in h...

    Authors: Junaid Khan, Apurba Shil and Sanjay K. Mohanty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1263

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Human capital (the knowledge, skills, and health that accumulate over life) can be optimized by investments in early childhood to promote cognitive and language development. Parents and caregivers play a cruci...

    Authors: Esther O. Chung, Lia C. H. Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana and Ann M. Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1256

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Under-five mortality is still a major health issue in many developing countries like Tanzania. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending preventable child deaths in Tanzania, a detailed unde...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Osita Kingsley Ezeh, Akorede O. Awosemo, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Lawrence Tan, Emmanuel Jessa, Deborah Charwe and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1243

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) can be a mechanism that develops emotions. Emotional intelligence (EI) is related to significant public health and psychological benefits. However, there is little information about the ...

    Authors: Jorge Acebes-Sánchez, Ignacio Diez-Vega, Sara Esteban-Gonzalo and Gabriel Rodriguez-Romo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1241

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Between 8 May 2018 and 27 May 2019, cumulatively there were 1286 deaths from Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The objective of this study was to estimate the monetary value ...

    Authors: Joses M. Kirigia, Rose Nabi Deborah Karimi Muthuri and Newton Gitonga Muthuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1218

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  8. Content type: Research article

    With the changes in environmental, medical technique, population structure and national health projects, human mortality rates have undergone great changes all over the world. According to “World Health Statis...

    Authors: Jicun Zhu, Lingling Cui, Kehui Wang, Chen Xie, Nan Sun, Fei Xu, Qixin Tang and Changqing Sun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:780

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Severe forms of malnutrition have drastic effects on childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. Although few studies have previously estimated treatment outcomes of severe ...

    Authors: Fasil Wagnew, Getenet Dessie, Wubet Worku Takele, Aster Tadesse, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Henok Mulugeta, Dessalegn Haile, Ayenew Negesse and Amanuel Alemu Abajobir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1175

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Vietnam has limited evidence about the burden of common and severe mental disorders among adults to inform policy. The aim of this paper was to estimate the prevalence of common and severe mental disorders amo...

    Authors: Trang Nguyen, Tuan Tran, Ha Tran, Thach Tran and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1173

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely acknowledged as a global health problem, yet in many parts of the world its magnitude is not well elucidated. A baseline assessment of the AMR prevalence is a priority ...

    Authors: Mohamed Moctar Mouliom Mouiche, Frédéric Moffo, Jane-Francis Tatah Kihla Akoachere, Ndode Herman Okah-Nnane, Nabilah Pemi Mapiefou, Valantine Ngum Ndze, Abel Wade, Félicité Flore Djuikwo-Teukeng, Dorine Godelive Tseuko Toghoua, Henri René Zambou, Jean Marc Kameni Feussom, Matthew LeBreton and Julius Awah-Ndukum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1135

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  12. Content type: Correspondence

    Approximately one billion children experience violence every year. Violence against children is an urgent global public health concern and violation of children’s rights. It is also a risk factor for serious n...

    Authors: Nambusi Kyegombe, Lena Morgon Banks, Susan Kelly, Hannah Kuper and Karen M. Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1133

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been shown to be associated with poor maternal healthcare utilisation and poor pregnancy outcomes. IPV can be seen both as the cause and result of low socioeconomic status a...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Nathali Gunawardena and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1131

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, Vietnam was the first Southeast Asian country to commit to achieving the World Health Organization’s 90–90-90 global HIV targets (90% know their HIV status, 90% on sustained treatment, and 90% virally...

    Authors: Lora L. Sabin, Katherine Semrau, Mary DeSilva, Loan T T Le, Jennifer J. Beard, Davidson H. Hamer, Jordan Tuchman, Theodore M. Hammett, Nafisa Halim, Manisha Reuben, Aldina Mesic and Taryn Vian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1130

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, the occurrence of the double burden of malnutrition is on the rise at a household level predisposing children and their mothers to negative health outcomes. However, few studies have been cond...

    Authors: Perpetua Modjadji and Sphiwe Madiba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1087

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The reductions achieved in infant mortality in Japan are globally regarded as remarkable. However, no studies in Japan have classified infant mortality trends into neonatal and postneonatal or considered regio...

    Authors: Ai Tashiro, Honami Yoshida and Etsuji Okamoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1085

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    The recent development of smoking cessation interventions for smokers with chronic diseases has focused heavily on brief interventions. However, these interventions are too brief to make an impact on these smo...

    Authors: William Ho Cheung Li, Ka Yan Ho, Katherine Ka Wai Lam, Man Ping Wang, Derek Yee Tak Cheung, Laurie Long Kwan Ho, Wei Xia and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1083

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Cancer outcomes vary widely among different countries. However, comparisons of cost-effectiveness and cost-efficiency of different systems are complex because the incidences of different cancers vary across co...

    Authors: Horace C. W. Choi, Ka-on Lam, Herbert H. M. Pang, Steven K. C. Tsang, Roger K. C. Ngan and Anne W. M. Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1065

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practices significantly contribute to undernutrition among children under 2 years of age in India. However, there is limited up-to-date evidence on the prevalence and factor...

    Authors: Mansi Vijaybhai Dhami, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1034

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) is a marker that reflects the clinical outcome of cancer treatment. MIR as a prognostic marker is more accessible when compared with long-term follow-up survival surveys....

    Authors: Chi-Chih Wang, Ming-Chang Tsai, Shao-Chuan Wang, Cheng-Ming Peng, Hsiang-Lin Lee, Hsuan-Yi Chen, Tzu-Wei Yang, Chun-Che Lin and Wen-Wei Sung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1025

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Seasonal variation affects nutrition particularly in contexts where people’s food consumption depends on their production of food. Assessing the effect of the season on nutrition status can help us to identify...

    Authors: Lantonirina Ravaoarisoa, Julio Rakotonirina, Lalhyss Randriamanantsaina, Jean de Dieu Marie Rakotomanga, Michèle Wilmet Dramaix and Philippe Donnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1005

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Heterosexual men in South Africa are a large key population to exposure to HIV, yet preferences for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among this population have not, to date, been investigated in the literat...

    Authors: Chih-Yuan Cheng, Matthew Quaife, Robyn Eakle, Maria A. Cabrera Escobar, Peter Vickerman and Fern Terris-Prestholt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:996

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) in Kenya is 18.2%. Despite scale-up of HIV testing services, many MSM remain unaware of their HIV status and thus do not benefit from accessing HIV treatment ...

    Authors: Parinita Bhattacharjee, Dorothy Rego, Helgar Musyoki, Marissa Becker, Michael Pickles, Shajy Isac, Robert Lorway, Janet Musimbi, Jeffrey Walimbwa, Kennedy Olango, Samuel Kuria, Martin Kyana Ongaro, Amy Sahai, Mary Mugambi, Faran Emmanuel, Sharmistha Mishra…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:986

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    To realize the full benefits of treatment as prevention in many hyperendemic African contexts, there is an urgent need to increase uptake of HIV testing and HIV treatment among men to reduce the rate of HIV tr...

    Authors: T. Mathenjwa, H.-Y. Kim, T. Zuma, M. Shahmanesh, J. Seeley, P. Matthews, S. Wyke, N. McGrath, B. Sartorius, H. M. Yapa, O. Adeagbo, A. Blandford, A. Dobra, T. Bäernighausen and F. Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:969

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopian, the prevalence of anemia among preschool aged children widely varied across regions. Since anemia adversely affects the cognitive and physical development of the children, it is important to dete...

    Authors: Getabalew Engidaye, Mulugeta Melku, Aregawi Yalew, Zegeye Getaneh, Fikir Asrie and Bamlaku Enawgaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:968

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  26. Content type: Research article

    India faces a high burden of child undernutrition. We evaluated the effects of two community strategies to reduce undernutrition among children under 3 years in rural Jharkhand and Odisha, eastern India: (1) m...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Gope, Prasanta Tripathy, Vandana Prasad, Hemanta Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar Sinha, Ranjan Panda, Jayeeta Chowdhury, Ganapathy Murugan, Shampa Roy, Megha De, Sanjib Kumar Ghosh, Swati Sarbani Roy and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:962

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic, the concept of measuring health security capacity has become increasingly important within the broader context of health systems-strengthening, enhancing respons...

    Authors: Sanjana J. Ravi, Diane Meyer, Elizabeth Cameron, Michelle Nalabandian, Beenish Pervaiz and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:954

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Novel interactive and pictorial health education tool named Diabetes Conversation Map (DCM) might be effective for the improvement of diabetes management self-efficacy (DMSE) and diabetes distress (DD) among d...

    Authors: Rubina Qasim, Sarfaraz Masih, Mehwish Hussain, Akhter Ali, Ajmal Khan, Yousaf Shah, Hakim Shah and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:907

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) reduces the risk of neonatal mortality. Previous studies from India have documented some factors associated with EIBF. However, those studies used data with limited sam...

    Authors: Praween Senanayake, Elizabeth O’Connor and Felix Akpojene Ogbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:896

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  30. Content type: Research article

    We estimated the associations between exposure to early life growth faltering at the population level and adult height and education outcomes in a sample of 21 low- and middle-income countries.

    Authors: Mahesh Karra and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:876

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Systematic household contact investigation (SHCI) is recommended as an active-case-finding (ACF) strategy to identify individuals at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection, in order to enable early detection...

    Authors: N. Gladys Kigozi, J. Christo Heunis and Michelle C. Engelbrecht

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:867

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  32. Content type: Debate

    When microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) are highly exposed to antimicrobial drugs, they can develop the capacity to defeat the drugs designed to eradicate them. Long-term accumulation of adaptations ...

    Authors: Marta Lomazzi, Michael Moore, April Johnson, Manica Balasegaram and Bettina Borisch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:858

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Sexual violence against adolescents is prevalent worldwide and results in significant physical and mental injuries as well as loss of economic and personal potential. Urban informal settlements such as those a...

    Authors: Clea Sarnquist, Jennifer Lee Kang, Mary Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Gabriel Oguda, Dorothy Otieno, Benjamin Mboya, Nancy Omondi, Duncan Kipkirui and Michael Baiocchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:834

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In order to prevent health and social problems later in life, it is important to identify childhood conditions related to the development of somatic symptoms. This prospective study expands on previous researc...

    Authors: Trine N. Winding and Johan H. Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:828

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, the G20 health ministers convened for the first time to discuss global health and issued a communiqué outlining their health priorities, as the BRICS and G7 have done for years. As these political clu...

    Authors: Bronwyn McBride, Sarah Hawkes and Kent Buse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:815

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Nigeria rose by approximately 5% from 39 to 41 deaths per 1000 total births between 2008 and 2013, indicating a reversal in earlier gains. This study sought to identify fa...

    Authors: Osita K. Ezeh, Edward O. Uche-Nwachi, Uchechukwu D. Abada and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:811

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and their correction during nutritional rehabilitation are not well documented. This study assessed anaemi...

    Authors: Peter Akomo, Paluku Bahwere, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Elizabeth Maganga, Sylvester Kathumba, Kate Sadler and Steve Collins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:806

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  38. Content type: Research article

    For over 20 years, Madagascar has been challenged by continued high prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting among children under 5 years of age. Yet, nutritional status of post-under-five age group has...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Aiga, Kanae Abe, Vonjy Nirina Andrianome, Emmanuel Randriamampionona, Angèle Razafitompo Razafinombana, Toshiyasu Murai and Masahiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:773

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, socioeconomic factors such as place of residence, mother’s educational level, or household wealth, are strongly associated with risk factors of under-five mortality (U5M) such as health ...

    Authors: Carine Van Malderen, Agbessi Amouzou, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Bruno Masquelier, Herman Van Oyen and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:760

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is associated with impaired quality of life (QoL). We examined the relationship between anemia and QoL in the Korean population using the EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) questionnaire.

    Authors: Young-Ju Kim, Kyung Do Han, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Yang-Hyun Kim and Yong-Gyu Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:735

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Obstetrical fistula (OF) is a public health challenge that is among the previously neglected components of maternal health in the developing world. The condition, which in the recent past has increasingly draw...

    Authors: John Bosco Bomboka, Mary Gorrethy N-Mboowa and Jennifer Nakilembe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:696

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  42. Content type: Research article

    An awareness campaign set to accompany the Global Maternal Sepsis Study (GLOSS) was launched in 2017. In order to better develop and evaluate the campaign, we sought to understand the factors that influence aw...

    Authors: Vanessa Brizuela, Mercedes Bonet, João Paulo Souza, Özge Tunçalp, Kasisomayajula Viswanath and Ana Langer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:683

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, with the highest burden in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) such as the Philippines. Developing effective interventions could improve detection, prevention, and t...

    Authors: Gina Agarwal, Ricardo N. Angeles, Lisa Dolovich, Janusz Kaczorowski, Jessica Gaber, Dale Guenter, Floro Dave Arnuco, Hilton Y. Lam, Lehana Thabane, Daria O’Reilly, Rodelin M. Agbulos, Rosemarie S. Arciaga, Jerome Barrera, Elgie Gregorio, Servando Halili Jr, Norvie Jalani…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:682

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Home delivery is the most frequent childbirth practice in Ethiopia and brings health risks for many mothers and their babies which in turn affecting the whole families. Characterizing the spatial variations an...

    Authors: Araya Mesfin Nigatu, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Degefie Tibebe Degefie and Abraham Yeneneh Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:677

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  45. Content type: Research article

    India is home to 243 million adolescents. Two million (9%) of them belong to Scheduled Tribes living in underserved, rural areas. Few studies have examined the health of tribal adolescents. We conducted a cros...

    Authors: Kelly Rose-Clarke, Hemanta Pradhan, Suchitra Rath, Shibanand Rath, Subhashree Samal, Sumitra Gagrai, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:673

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women. Domestic violence during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes. We aimed to assess whether domestic v...

    Authors: Kunta Devi Pun, Poonam Rishal, Elisabeth Darj, Jennifer Jean Infanti, Shrinkhala Shrestha, Mirjam Lukasse and Berit Schei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:671

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Accurate and timely data on the health of a population are key for evidence-based decision making at both the policy and programmatic level. In many low-income settings, such data are unavailable or outdated. ...

    Authors: Henry Mark, Jasper V. Been, Bakary Sonko, Abdoulie Faal, Mohammed Ngum, Jahid Hasan, Andrew M. Prentice and Stefan A. Unger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:668

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