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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 17

  1. International research showed that common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, social anxiety, stress, alexithymia and having insecure attachment styles are risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD)...

    Authors: Sahar Obeid, Marwan Akel, Chadia Haddad, Kassandra Fares, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Childhood undernutrition remains a significant global health challenge accounting for over half of all under 5 child mortality. Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM), which leads to wasting [weight-for-length z-sc...

    Authors: Ishita Mostafa, Naila Nurun Nahar, Md. Munirul Islam, Sayeeda Huq, Mahfuz Mustafa, Michael Barratt, Jeffrey I. Gordon and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:242

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Maternal malnutrition and infant feeding mode impact short and long term infant and child morbidity and mortality. The period of lactation may provide an opportunity to modulate the risk of disease later in li...

    Authors: Fanny Aldana-Parra, Gilma Olaya Vega and Mary Fewtrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In developing countries, maternal mental health problems have been linked to sub-optimal child feeding practices and child underweight and stunting, but little is known about how maternal mental health is asso...

    Authors: Jillian A. Emerson, Laura E. Caulfield, Espoir Musafiri Kishimata, Jean-Pierre Nzanzu and Shannon Doocy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite rapid upscale of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), malaria remains a major source of morbidity and mortality in Zambia. Uptake and utilization of these and novel inter...

    Authors: Desmond T. Jumbam, Jennifer C. Stevenson, Japhet Matoba, John P. Grieco, Lacey N. Ahern, Busiku Hamainza, Chadwick H. Sikaala, Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Esther I. Cardol, Passwell Munachoonga and Nicole L. Achee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The One Health concept promotes the enhancement of human, animal and ecosystem health through multi-sectorial governance support and policies to combat health security threats. In Vietnam, antimicrobial resist...

    Authors: Marisa E. V. Mitchell, Robyn Alders, Fred Unger, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Trang Thi Huyen Le and Jenny-Ann Toribio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:213

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sub-Saharan Africa has the world’s highest rates of maternal and perinatal mortality and accounts for two-thirds of new HIV infections and 25% of preterm births. Antenatal care, as the entry point into the hea...

    Authors: Ellen Chirwa, Esnath Kapito, Diana L. Jere, Ursula Kafulafula, Elizabeth Chodzaza, Genesis Chorwe-Sungani, Ashley Gresh, Li Liu, Elizabeth T. Abrams, Carrie S. Klima, Linda L. McCreary, Kathleen F. Norr and Crystal L. Patil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:205

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Adolescence is a critical period of human development, however, limited research on programs to improve health and well-being among younger adolescents living in conflict-affected and humanitarian settings exi...

    Authors: Nancy Glass, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Larissa Jennings Mayo-Wilson, Anjalee Kohli, Marni Sommer, Rachael Turner and Nancy Perrin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Smoking, especially among adolescents, is considered a serious public health concern worldwide being associated with increased mortality. The present study was designed as the first systematic review and meta-...

    Authors: Elham Ehsani-Chimeh, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Meysam Behzadifar, Maryam Aghaei, Afsaneh Badrizadeh, Masoud Behzadifar and Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The global poverty profile shows that Africa and Asia bear the highest burden of multidimensional child poverty. Child survival and development therefore depend on socioeconomic and environmental factors that ...

    Authors: Cynthia L. Fonta, Thomas B. Yameogo, Halidou Tinto, Tiff van Huysen, Hamtandi Magloire Natama, Adelaide Compaore and William M. Fonta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There is limited research on HIV testing among older persons in Uganda. The aim of this study was to investigate the socio-demographic determinants of recent HIV testing among older persons in selected rural d...

    Authors: Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Betty Kwagala and Fred Maniragaba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cervical cancer is almost entirely preventable through vaccination and screening, yet remains one of the ‘gravest threats to women’s lives’ according to the World Health Organization. Specific high-risk subtyp...

    Authors: Carolyn Nakisige, Jessica Trawin, Sheona Mitchell-Foster, Beth A. Payne, Angeli Rawat, Nadia Mithani, Cathy Amuge, Heather Pedersen, Jackson Orem, Laurie Smith and Gina Ogilvie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:142

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Childhood stunting is an important public health problem in the haor region of Bangladesh. Haor areas are located in the north-eastern part of the country and are vulnerable to seasonal flooding. The key objectiv...

    Authors: Barnali Chakraborty, Sepideh Yousefzadeh, Shrinivas Darak and Hinke Haisma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Intimate partner violence against women (IPV) and violence against children (VAC) are both global epidemics with long-term health consequences. The vast majority of research to date focuses on either IPV or VA...

    Authors: Catherine Carlson, Sophie Namy, Andrea Norcini Pala, Milton L. Wainberg, Lori Michau, Janet Nakuti, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Carin Ikenberg, Dipak Naker and Karen Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In 2017, about 20% of the world’s children under 1 year of age with incomplete DPT vaccination lived in Nigeria. Fully-immunised child coverage (FIC), which is the percentage of children aged 12–23 months who ...

    Authors: Olayinka Aderopo Obanewa and Marie Louise Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Quality of life (QoL) is an important component of individuals’ general well-being, particularly in older adults. However, factors influencing QoL among older adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...

    Authors: Kyung Hee Lee, Hanzhang Xu and Bei Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) affect women of reproductive age globally and considered to be a major public health problem in developing countries. This study determines the prevalence of anaemia and ID amo...

    Authors: Jutatip Jamnok, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Pattara Sanchaisuriya, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Supan Fucharoen and Faruk Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Rwanda has made substantial economic progress over the past two decades. However, evidence suggests that malnutrition among children remains high in spite of this progress. This study aims to examine trends an...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho, Alphonse Rukundo, Samuel Powers, Kateri B. Donahoe, Mawuena Agbonyitor, Fidel Ngabo, Corine Karema, Kirstin Woody Scott and Mary C. Smith Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Despite the many HIV testing models implemented in Africa, the level of HIV testing uptake remains relatively poor, especially among men. The HIV self-testing (HIVST) model offers an additional approach for en...

    Authors: Mbuzeleni Hlongwa, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson, Sizwe Makhunga, Claudine Muraraneza and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Of all lifestyle behaviours, smoking caused the most deaths in the last century. Because of the time lag between the act of smoking and dying from smoking, and because males generally take up smoking before fe...

    Authors: Maarten Wensink, Jesús-Adrián Alvarez, Silvia Rizzi, Fanny Janssen and Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  21. “Active aging” is an inclusive term and has been defined from a variety of aspects in different domains throughout the literature. The aim of this review was to identify those aspects that play significant rol...

    Authors: Azadeh Lak, Parichehr Rashidghalam, Phyo K. Myint and Hamid R. Baradaran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:101

  22. The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising rapidly in middle-income countries (MICs), where NCDs are often undiagnosed, untreated and uncontrolled. How comorbidity impacts diagnosis, treatment, a...

    Authors: Grace Sum, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Stewart W. Mercer, Lim Yee Wei, Azeem Majeed, Brian Oldenburg and John Tayu Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a worldwide public health problem. One of the most frequent forms of this type of violence in western societies is psychological IPVAW. According to the Europ...

    Authors: Manuel Martín-Fernández, Enrique Gracia and Marisol Lila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1739

    Content type: Research article

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  24. While PWID of Puerto Rican origin have been migrating to the US for decades, the range of factors influencing their migration to the US and the resources they draw on to do so are not well understood. This is ...

    Authors: R. Abadie, P. Habecker, C. Gelpi-Acosta and K. Dombrowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1710

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Misuse and dependency of opioids especially codeine-containing products is of increasing global concern. Inappropriate use of opioids among healthcare students could affect quality of service and ethical condu...

    Authors: Wuraola Akande-Sholabi, Rasaq Adisa, Olayinka S. Ilesanmi and Ayomide E. Bello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In Ethiopia, 12.5% of children below 5 years are wasted, and 9.7% are moderately wasted. The present strategy for the management of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) is a supplementary feeding program; however...

    Authors: Debritu Nane, Anne Hatløy, Elazar Tadesse and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1689

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Despite policy intention to reach disadvantaged populations, inequalities in health care resource use and health outcomes persist in Nepal. The current study aimed to investigate the trend of full vaccination ...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Dinesh Dharel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1673

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable groups to zinc deficiency. Despite the presence of few primary studies, studies that could provide strong evidence that would help policymakers to develop ap...

    Authors: Kidanemaryam Berhe, Freweini Gebrearegay and Hadush Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1663

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. There is a general lack of research on children’s household experiences and child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study examines the relationship between household composition...

    Authors: Oleosi Ntshebe, Andrew Amos Channon and Victoria Hosegood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1621

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Despite the almost universal adoption of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of sick children under the age of five in low- and middle-income countries,...

    Authors: Emma Clarke-Deelder, Gil Shapira, Hadia Samaha, György Bèla Fritsche and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1608

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential impact of a community-based intervention - the Healthy Kitchens, Healthy Children (HKHC) intervention - on participating women’s household’s economics and ...

    Authors: Nadine R. Sahyoun, Zeina Jamaluddine, Jowel Choufani, Sandra Mesmar, Amelia Reese-Masterson and Hala Ghattas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1590

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The prevention of unplanned pregnancy among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is critical for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Of the prevention strategies, d...

    Authors: Yibeltal Bimrew Kebede, Tesfahun Taddege Geremew, Yohannes Mehretie, Ayenew Negesse Abejie, Liknaw Bewket and Endalkachew Dellie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Adolescence is a critical time of development and nutritional status in adolescence influences both current and future adult health outcomes. However, data on adolescent nutritional status is limited in low-re...

    Authors: Margaret Lillie, Isaac Lema, Sylvia Kaaya, Dori Steinberg and Joy Noel Baumgartner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1582

    Content type: Research article

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  34. That there is a relationship between human rights and health is well established and frequently discussed. However, actions intended to take account of the relationship between human rights and social determin...

    Authors: Fiona Haigh, Lynn Kemp, Patricia Bazeley and Neil Haigh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1571

    Content type: Correspondence

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  35. Despite the present HIV preventive and treatment programs, the prevalence of HIV is still high in eastern and southern Africa, among young women and populations at high.

    Authors: Theodora Mbunda, Edith A. M. Tarimo, Muhammad Bakari, Eric Sandström and Asli Kulane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1537

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Discrimination is a major driver of health disparities among minority groups and can impede the reach of public health programs. In the Dominican Republic, residents of bateyes, or agricultural ‘company towns,’ o...

    Authors: Hunter M. Keys, Gregory S. Noland, Madsen Beau De Rochars, Thomas H. Taylor, Stephen Blount and Manuel Gonzales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1513

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Measles and oral polio vaccinations may reduce child mortality to an extent that cannot be explained by prevention of measles and polio infections; these vaccines seem to have beneficial non-specific effects. ...

    Authors: A. Varma, A. K. G. Jensen, S. M. Thysen, L. M. Pedersen, P. Aaby and A. B. Fisker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1506

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are critical to prevent child undernutrition. Despite the occurrence of child undernutrition and widespread suboptimal feeding practices in Malawi, the...

    Authors: Christine N. Walters, Hasina Rakotomanana, Joel J. Komakech and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1503

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are a major global contributor to disability. Evidence suggests entrenched cyclical links between disability and poverty, although few data are available on the link of povert...

    Authors: Islay Mactaggart, Nay Soe Maung, Cho Thet Khaing, Hannah Kuper and Karl Blanchet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1502

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Globally, the magnitude of maternal mortality is the major public health problem. Nearly all (99%) of maternal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Of which 66% occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Instit...

    Authors: Eskezaiw Abebe, Abdu Seid, Getnet Gedefaw, Zelalem T. Haile and Gillian Ice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1472

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Malaria and tetanus infections among pregnant women represent two major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. Optimum use of Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrim...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1467

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Very few postpartum women want to become pregnant within the next 2 years, but approximately 60% of postpartum women in low- and middle-income countries are not using contraceptive methods. The World Health Or...

    Authors: Linnea A. Zimmerman, Yuanyuan Yi, Mahari Yihdego, Solomon Abrha, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme and Saifuddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1448

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In Ethiopia, malaria infections and other complications during pregnancy contribute to the high burden of maternal morbidity and mortality. Preventive measures are available, however little is known about the ...

    Authors: Mariame Ouedraogo, Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe, Ronald Labonté, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Muluemebet Abera, Beth K. Potter, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1443

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Home-based HIV testing and counselling (HB-HTC) is frequently used to increase awareness of HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas acceptance of HB-HTC is usually high, testing coverage may remain low due t...

    Authors: Niklaus Daniel Labhardt, Isaac Ringera, Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Alain Amstutz, Thomas Klimkait, Josephine Muhairwe and Tracy Renee Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Although public-private partnerships have become common in the health sector, the evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited, and when the products or services provided by the private partner are harmf...

    Authors: Lucy A. Parker, Gustavo A. Zaragoza and Ildefonso Hernández-Aguado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1438

    Content type: Research article

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