Skip to main content


Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 15

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    To realize the full benefits of treatment as prevention in many hyperendemic African contexts, there is an urgent need to increase uptake of HIV testing and HIV treatment among men to reduce the rate of HIV tr...

    Authors: T. Mathenjwa, H.-Y. Kim, T. Zuma, M. Shahmanesh, J. Seeley, P. Matthews, S. Wyke, N. McGrath, B. Sartorius, H. M. Yapa, O. Adeagbo, A. Blandford, A. Dobra, T. Bäernighausen and F. Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:969

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopian, the prevalence of anemia among preschool aged children widely varied across regions. Since anemia adversely affects the cognitive and physical development of the children, it is important to dete...

    Authors: Getabalew Engidaye, Mulugeta Melku, Aregawi Yalew, Zegeye Getaneh, Fikir Asrie and Bamlaku Enawgaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:968

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    India faces a high burden of child undernutrition. We evaluated the effects of two community strategies to reduce undernutrition among children under 3 years in rural Jharkhand and Odisha, eastern India: (1) m...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Gope, Prasanta Tripathy, Vandana Prasad, Hemanta Pradhan, Rajesh Kumar Sinha, Ranjan Panda, Jayeeta Chowdhury, Ganapathy Murugan, Shampa Roy, Megha De, Sanjib Kumar Ghosh, Swati Sarbani Roy and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:962

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic, the concept of measuring health security capacity has become increasingly important within the broader context of health systems-strengthening, enhancing respons...

    Authors: Sanjana J. Ravi, Diane Meyer, Elizabeth Cameron, Michelle Nalabandian, Beenish Pervaiz and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:954

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Novel interactive and pictorial health education tool named Diabetes Conversation Map (DCM) might be effective for the improvement of diabetes management self-efficacy (DMSE) and diabetes distress (DD) among d...

    Authors: Rubina Qasim, Sarfaraz Masih, Mehwish Hussain, Akhter Ali, Ajmal Khan, Yousaf Shah, Hakim Shah and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:907

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) reduces the risk of neonatal mortality. Previous studies from India have documented some factors associated with EIBF. However, those studies used data with limited sam...

    Authors: Praween Senanayake, Elizabeth O’Connor and Felix Akpojene Ogbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:896

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    We estimated the associations between exposure to early life growth faltering at the population level and adult height and education outcomes in a sample of 21 low- and middle-income countries.

    Authors: Mahesh Karra and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:876

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Systematic household contact investigation (SHCI) is recommended as an active-case-finding (ACF) strategy to identify individuals at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection, in order to enable early detection...

    Authors: N. Gladys Kigozi, J. Christo Heunis and Michelle C. Engelbrecht

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:867

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Debate

    When microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) are highly exposed to antimicrobial drugs, they can develop the capacity to defeat the drugs designed to eradicate them. Long-term accumulation of adaptations ...

    Authors: Marta Lomazzi, Michael Moore, April Johnson, Manica Balasegaram and Bettina Borisch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:858

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Sexual violence against adolescents is prevalent worldwide and results in significant physical and mental injuries as well as loss of economic and personal potential. Urban informal settlements such as those a...

    Authors: Clea Sarnquist, Jennifer Lee Kang, Mary Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Gabriel Oguda, Dorothy Otieno, Benjamin Mboya, Nancy Omondi, Duncan Kipkirui and Michael Baiocchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:834

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    In order to prevent health and social problems later in life, it is important to identify childhood conditions related to the development of somatic symptoms. This prospective study expands on previous researc...

    Authors: Trine N. Winding and Johan H. Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:828

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    In 2017, the G20 health ministers convened for the first time to discuss global health and issued a communiqué outlining their health priorities, as the BRICS and G7 have done for years. As these political clu...

    Authors: Bronwyn McBride, Sarah Hawkes and Kent Buse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:815

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    The perinatal mortality rate (PMR) in Nigeria rose by approximately 5% from 39 to 41 deaths per 1000 total births between 2008 and 2013, indicating a reversal in earlier gains. This study sought to identify fa...

    Authors: Osita K. Ezeh, Edward O. Uche-Nwachi, Uchechukwu D. Abada and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:811

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and their correction during nutritional rehabilitation are not well documented. This study assessed anaemi...

    Authors: Peter Akomo, Paluku Bahwere, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Elizabeth Maganga, Sylvester Kathumba, Kate Sadler and Steve Collins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:806

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    For over 20 years, Madagascar has been challenged by continued high prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting among children under 5 years of age. Yet, nutritional status of post-under-five age group has...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Aiga, Kanae Abe, Vonjy Nirina Andrianome, Emmanuel Randriamampionona, Angèle Razafitompo Razafinombana, Toshiyasu Murai and Masahiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:773

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, socioeconomic factors such as place of residence, mother’s educational level, or household wealth, are strongly associated with risk factors of under-five mortality (U5M) such as health ...

    Authors: Carine Van Malderen, Agbessi Amouzou, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Bruno Masquelier, Herman Van Oyen and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:760

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is associated with impaired quality of life (QoL). We examined the relationship between anemia and QoL in the Korean population using the EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) questionnaire.

    Authors: Young-Ju Kim, Kyung Do Han, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Yang-Hyun Kim and Yong-Gyu Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:735

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Obstetrical fistula (OF) is a public health challenge that is among the previously neglected components of maternal health in the developing world. The condition, which in the recent past has increasingly draw...

    Authors: John Bosco Bomboka, Mary Gorrethy N-Mboowa and Jennifer Nakilembe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:696

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    An awareness campaign set to accompany the Global Maternal Sepsis Study (GLOSS) was launched in 2017. In order to better develop and evaluate the campaign, we sought to understand the factors that influence aw...

    Authors: Vanessa Brizuela, Mercedes Bonet, João Paulo Souza, Özge Tunçalp, Kasisomayajula Viswanath and Ana Langer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:683

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, with the highest burden in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) such as the Philippines. Developing effective interventions could improve detection, prevention, and t...

    Authors: Gina Agarwal, Ricardo N. Angeles, Lisa Dolovich, Janusz Kaczorowski, Jessica Gaber, Dale Guenter, Floro Dave Arnuco, Hilton Y. Lam, Lehana Thabane, Daria O’Reilly, Rodelin M. Agbulos, Rosemarie S. Arciaga, Jerome Barrera, Elgie Gregorio, Servando Halili Jr, Norvie Jalani…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:682

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Home delivery is the most frequent childbirth practice in Ethiopia and brings health risks for many mothers and their babies which in turn affecting the whole families. Characterizing the spatial variations an...

    Authors: Araya Mesfin Nigatu, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Degefie Tibebe Degefie and Abraham Yeneneh Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:677

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    India is home to 243 million adolescents. Two million (9%) of them belong to Scheduled Tribes living in underserved, rural areas. Few studies have examined the health of tribal adolescents. We conducted a cros...

    Authors: Kelly Rose-Clarke, Hemanta Pradhan, Suchitra Rath, Shibanand Rath, Subhashree Samal, Sumitra Gagrai, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:673

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women. Domestic violence during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes. We aimed to assess whether domestic v...

    Authors: Kunta Devi Pun, Poonam Rishal, Elisabeth Darj, Jennifer Jean Infanti, Shrinkhala Shrestha, Mirjam Lukasse and Berit Schei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:671

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Accurate and timely data on the health of a population are key for evidence-based decision making at both the policy and programmatic level. In many low-income settings, such data are unavailable or outdated. ...

    Authors: Henry Mark, Jasper V. Been, Bakary Sonko, Abdoulie Faal, Mohammed Ngum, Jahid Hasan, Andrew M. Prentice and Stefan A. Unger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:668

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    The scarcity of evidence-based research on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Syrian refugees has hampered efforts to address the high burden of these diseases in host countries. The objective of this stud...

    Authors: Farah Naja, Hibeh Shatila, Maria El Koussa, Lokman Meho, Lilian Ghandour and Shadi Saleh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:637

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Understanding urban-rural gap in childhood survival is essential for health care interventions and to explain disparities in the determinants of Under-5 mortality. There is dearth of information about the fact...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Friday Okonofua and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:616

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    High prevalence of food insecurity has been observed among asylum seekers resettled in high-income countries. Economic constraints, lack of knowledge about new foods, difficulties with shopping, challenges wit...

    Authors: Sigrun Henjum, Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Charles D. Arnold, Dawid Mauno and Laura Terragni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:592

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Humanitarian crises present major threats to the wellbeing of children. These threats include risks of violence, abduction and abuse, emotional distress and the disruption of development. Humanitarian response...

    Authors: Sabrina Hermosilla, Janna Metzler, Kevin Savage, Miriam Musa and Alastair Ager

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:576

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported an increase in alcohol-and-mixed intoxication (AAMI)-related emergency department (ED) admissions, but less is known about the incidence and characteristics of AAMI admissions to...

    Authors: Adam D. Brown, Martin Müller, Trevor Hirschi, Jonathan F. Henssler, Katharina Rönz, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and David Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:536

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The recent Zika virus (ZIKAV) epidemics disclosed a major public health threat and a scientific and technological (S&T) challenge. The lessons learned from the S&T response of Latin America and the Caribbean (...

    Authors: Alice Machado-Silva, Camila Guindalini, Fernanda Lopes Fonseca, Marcus Vinicius Pereira-Silva and Bruna de Paula Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:530

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Extensive application of screening tests for early diagnosis of fetal abnormalities would justify support for women who are facing pregnancy termination due to fetal abnormalities. Considering the lack of avai...

    Authors: Bahareh Kamranpour, Mahnaz Noroozi and Massoud Bahrami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:507

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    The relationship of religious affiliation and mental health is complex, and being part of a minority religious group could have negative effects on mental health. In this study, we assessed the association bet...

    Authors: Julian A. Fernández-Niño, Ietza Bojorquez, Carolina Becerra-Arias and Claudia I. Astudillo-Garcia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:460

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between migration and health has primarily focused on permanent migrants, although non-permanent migrants comprise a large proportion of global migrants. Non-permanent migrants may have distin...

    Authors: Karen H. Wang, Zoé M. Hendrickson, Cynthia A. Brandt and Marcella Nunez-Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:405

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency and the most common cause of anaemia worldwide. Because of the increased iron requirements during pregnancy, iron deficiency can lead to maternal anaem...

    Authors: See Ling Loy, Li Min Lim, Shiao-Yng Chan, Pei Ting Tan, Yen Lin Chee, Phaik Ling Quah, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M. Godfrey, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Michael S. Kramer, Yap-Seng Chong and Claudia Chi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:397

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Persons of African and Middle-Eastern origin living in European countries have a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, accompanied by high prevalence of obesity among women but not always among men. The aim of t...

    Authors: Natalia Skogberg, Tiina Laatikainen, Eero Lilja, Annamari Lundqvist, Tommi Härkänen and Päivikki Koponen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:391

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Early initiation of sexual activity affects the sexual and reproductive health of the young population. The youth are at a high risk of risky sexual behaviours, including multiple partners and inconsistent con...

    Authors: Eskeziaw Abebe Kassahun, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Amanuel Addisu Dessie and Belayneh Ayanaw Kassie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:378

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Childhood malnutrition is a critical public health concern in Pakistan. We aimed to explore factors associated with malnutrition in Pakistani children (< 5 years of age) using the Pakistan Demographic and Heal...

    Authors: Sadaf Khan, Sidra Zaheer and Nilofer Fatimi Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:358

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease and has a high prevalence in South Africa and other low- and middle-income countries. However, awareness of hypertension has be...

    Authors: Vita W. Jongen, Samanta T. Lalla-Edward, Alinda G. Vos, Noortje G. Godijk, Hugo Tempelman, Diederick E. Grobbee, Walter Devillé and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:341

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Correspondence

    The African continent is predicted to be home to over half of the expected global population growth between 2015 and 2050, highlighting the importance of addressing population health in Africa for improving pu...

    Authors: Jo Vearey, Isaac Luginaah, Ng’weina Francis Magitta, Dativa J. Shilla and Tolu Oni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:340

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency has become an important public health problem, however few studies have been conducted in subtropical countries, and the predictors of vitamin D deficiency in people with healthy renal fun...

    Authors: Ming-Jse Lee, Heng-Jung Hsu, I-Wen Wu, Chiao-Yin Sun, Ming-Kuo Ting and Chin-Chan Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:337

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Streptococcus pneumoniae causes substantial morbidity and mortality among children. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has the potential to dramatically reduce disease burden. As with any v...

    Authors: S. F. La Vincente, C. von Mollendorf, M. Ulziibayar, C. Satzke, L. Dashtseren, K. K. Fox, E. M. Dunne, C. D. Nguyen, J. de Campo, M. de Campo, H. Thomson, G. Surenkhand, S. Demberelsuren, S. Bujinlkham, L. A. H. Do, D. Narangerel…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:333

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Migration to European countries has increased in number and diversity in recent years. Factors such as access to healthcare, language barriers and legal status can impact the health outcomes of migrant groups....

    Authors: Nazmy Villarroel, Ailish Hannigan, Santino Severoni, Soorej Puthoopparambil and Anne MacFarlane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:324

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 30% of women worldwide experience intimate partner violence (IPV) during their lifetime. Exposure to IPV is associated with poor health outcomes and the prevalence of violence may be higher amongs...

    Authors: Claire Hawcroft, Rachael Hughes, Amira Shaheen, Jinan Usta, Hannah Elkadi, Tom Dalton, Khadijah Ginwalla and Gene Feder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:315

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Racism is a key determinant of the health of Indigenous Australians that may explain the unremitting gap in health and socioeconomic outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. We quantified th...

    Authors: Alison Markwick, Zahid Ansari, Darren Clinch and John McNeil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:309

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is of major public health significance; it is a risk factor for childhood deaths from diarrhoea and measles in low and middle-income countries and an important cause of preventable c...

    Authors: Ada E. Aghaji, Roseline Duke and Ugochukwu C. W. Aghaji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:282

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Female life expectancy and mortality rates have been improving over the course of many decades. Many global changes offer potential explanations. In this paper, we examined whether the United Nations Conventio...

    Authors: Christopher A. Tait, Ifrah Abdillahi, Wendy Wong, Heather Smith-Cannoy and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:279

    Published on: