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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. The Sahrawi people fled their homes in 1975 as the conflict in Western Sahara escalated and settled down near Tindouf, Algeria, where they still live. High prevalence of overweight and obesity and type 2 diabe...

    Authors: Eivind Andersen, Ida Kjellså, Victoria Telle Hjellset and Sigrun Henjum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Iodine is a trace element required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The multiple effects of iodine deficiency on human health are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). IDDs have been common nutritio...

    Authors: Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaye, Barbara J. Stoecker and Tafere Gebreegziabher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Injury is one of the major public health problems and causes more than 5 million deaths in the world annually. Cases of specific types of injury are life-threatening and heavily-burdened to individuals and soc...

    Authors: Shu Sun, Liuna Yang, Xinzhu Hu, Yalan Zhu, Boxi Liu, Yunbin Yang and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mozambique has a generalized HIV epidemic of 13.5% among the general population. Early modeling exercises in Mozambique estimate that key populations (KP), defined as men who have sex with men (MSM), female se...

    Authors: Makini A. S. Boothe, Isabel Sathane, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Noela Chicuecue, Roberta Horth, Erika Fazito and Henry F. Raymond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many countries have recommended the use of face masks for general population in public places to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of face mask usage and inve...

    Authors: Zahra Rahimi, Gholam Abbas Shirali, Marzieh Araban, Mohammad javad Mohammadi and Bahman Cheraghian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To ensure patient-centered tuberculosis preventive treatment, it is important to consider factors that make it easier for patients to complete treatment. However, there is little published literature about pat...

    Authors: Courtney M. Yuen, Ana K. Millones, Jerome T. Galea, Daniela Puma, Judith Jimenez, Leonid Lecca, Mercedes C. Becerra and Salmaan Keshavjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Effective preparedness to respond to mass casualty incidents and disasters requires a well-planned and integrated effort by all involved professionals, particularly those who are working in healthcare, who are...

    Authors: Krzysztof Goniewicz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Frederick M. Burkle, Attila J. Hertelendy, Ahmed Al-Wathinani, Michael Sean Molloy and Amir Khorram-Manesh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The rapid expansion of dengue, Zika and chikungunya with large scale outbreaks are an increasing public health concern in many countries. Additionally, the recent coronavirus pandemic urged the need to get con...

    Authors: Maria Angelica Carrillo, Axel Kroeger, Rocio Cardenas Sanchez, Sonia Diaz Monsalve and Silvia Runge-Ranzinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  9. When a new or re-emergent pathogen, such as SARS-CoV-2, causes a major outbreak, rapid access to pertinent research findings is crucial for planning strategies and decision making. We researched whether the sp...

    Authors: Javad Khanali, Mohammad-Reza Malekpour and Ali-Asghar Kolahi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Following the 2016 Peace Agreement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), Colombia promised to reincorporate more than 13,000 guerrilla fighters into its healthcare system. Despite a subsidi...

    Authors: Christopher W. Reynolds, Leonar G. Aguiar, Christian Arbelaez, Carlos Gómez Restrepo, Andres Patiño, Heidy Carranza, Lindsey Pileika and Andrés Duarte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Asylum-seeking children represent an increasing and vulnerable group of patients whose health needs are largely unmet. Data on the health care provision to asylum-seeking children in European contexts is scarc...

    Authors: Julia Brandenberger, Christian Pohl, Florian Vogt, Thorkild Tylleskär and Nicole Ritz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Pakistan, private providers provide a large portion of health care, including for tuberculosis (TB). All TB patients are supposed to be reported to the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP), which provides dr...

    Authors: Aashifa Yaqoob, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Razia Fatima, Hina Najmi and Anwar-ul-Haq

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  13. HIV self-testing (HIVST) provides young people with a convenient, discreet, and empowering way to know their HIV status. However, there is limited knowledge of young people’s preferences for HIVST services and...

    Authors: Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, Titilola Gbajabiamila, Oliver Ezechi, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Jason J. Ong, Ifeoma Idigbe, David Oladele, Adesola Z. Musa, Florida Uzoaru, Collins Airhihenbuwa, Joseph D. Tucker and Juliet Iwelunmor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) campaign was conducted in February 2019 in Karachi where needle-free injectors were introduced for the administration of the fractional dose of IPV (fIPV) on a large scale. This...

    Authors: Umar Farooq Bullo, Jaishri Mehraj, Syed Musa Raza, Shumaila Rasool, Noreen Naz Ansari, Ahmed Ali Shaikh, Zamir Ali Phul, Sohail Ahmed Memon, Rehan Iqbal Baloch, Zahoor Ahmed Baloch and Shoukat Ali Chandio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Women of reproductive age 15–49 are at a high risk of iron-deficiency anemia, which in turn may contribute to maternal morbidity and mortality. Common causes of anemia include poor nutrition, infections, malar...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Vasco Chikwasha, Clara Haruzivishe, Chabila C. Mapoma and Sowmya R. Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Mapping the spatial distribution of disease occurrence is a strategy to identify contextual factors that could be useful for public health policies. The purpose of this ecological study was to examine to which...

    Authors: Cindy M. Padilla, Anais Foucault, Olivier Grimaud, Emmanuel Nowak and Serge Timsit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Globally, child mortality rate has remained high over the years, but the figure can be reduced through proper implementation of spatially-targeted public health policies. Due to its alarming rate in comparison...

    Authors: Alejandro Lome-Hurtado, Jacques Lartigue-Mendoza and Juan C. Trujillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Maternal health affects the lives of many women and children globally every year and it is one of the high priority programs of the Government of Nepal (GoN). Different evidence articulate that the equity gap ...

    Authors: Vishnu Prasad Sapkota, Umesh Prasad Bhusal and Kiran Acharya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In March 2020, as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID− 19) pandemic was spreading across the globe, many countries have implemented unprecedented lockdown measures. But how populations did react to these measu...

    Authors: Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger and Odile Launay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1920

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Women’s health remains a global public health concern, as enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals. This study, therefore, sought to assess the individual and contextual factors associated with barriers ...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Louis Kobina Dadzie, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Justice Kanor Tetteh, Linus Baatiema and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1916

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Addressing non-communicable disease (NCDs) is a global priority in the Sustainable Development Goals, especially for adolescents. However, existing literature on NCD burden, risk factors and determinants, and ...

    Authors: N. Akseer, S. Mehta, J. Wigle, R. Chera, Z. J. Brickman, S. Al-Gashm, B. Sorichetti, A. Vandermorris, D. B. Hipgrave, N. Schwalbe and Z. A. Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1908

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Centre-based child-care has potential to provide multiple health and development benefits to children, families and societies. With rapid urbanisation, increasing numbers of low-income women work with reduced ...

    Authors: H. Elsey, F. Fieroze, R. A. Shawon, S. Nasreen, J. P. Hicks, M. Das, R. Huque, I. Hirano, H. J. Wallace and M. Saidur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1899

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Design thinking allows challenging problems to be redefined in order to identify alternative user-center strategies and solutions. To address the many challenges associated with collecting and reporting data d...

    Authors: Kara N. Durski, Shalini Singaravelu, Dhamari Naidoo, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey, Ibrahima Soce Fall, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Bruce Aylward, Michael Osterholm and Pierre Formenty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1896

    Content type: Research in practice

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  24. Syndromic surveillance provides public health intelligence to aid in early warning and monitoring of public health impacts (e.g. seasonal influenza), or reassurance when an impact has not occurred. Using infor...

    Authors: Helen E. Hughes, Obaghe Edeghere, Sarah J. O’Brien, Roberto Vivancos and Alex J. Elliot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1891

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Prompt and effective malaria diagnosis and treatment is a cornerstone of malaria control. Case management guidelines recommend confirmatory testing of suspected malaria cases, then prescription of specific dru...

    Authors: Seydou Fomba, Diakalia Koné, Bakary Doumbia, Diadier Diallo, Thomas Druetz, Lia Florey, Thomas P. Eisele, Erin Eckert, Jules Mihigo and Ruth A. Ashton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1888

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Population growth which has resulted in a need for increased crop yields to sustain food security, in addition to the effects of climate change, have led to the widespread use of chemical pesticides. The indis...

    Authors: Rukshan V. Mehta, M. A. Sreenivasa, Mathen Mathew, Amy Webb Girard, Sunita Taneja, Samriddhi Ranjan, Usha Ramakrishnan, Reynaldo Martorell, P. Barry Ryan and Melissa F. Young

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1877

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Human poisoning by pesticides has long been seen as a severe public health problem. As early as 1990, a task force of the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about one million unintentional pesticid...

    Authors: Wolfgang Boedeker, Meriel Watts, Peter Clausing and Emily Marquez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1875

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Under-five mortality in Chad reached a minimum value of 119 deaths per 1000 live births in 2018, compared with a maximum of 250 in 1972. Despite this decline in the  mortality trend, for every six children in ...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Eugene Budu, Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Collins Adu, John Elvis Hagan Jr and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1873

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Research carried out in partnership with Indigenous youth at The Native Youth Sexual Health Network (NYSHN) demonstrates that Indigenous youth can (and do) develop and implement public health interventions amo...

    Authors: Billie-Jo Hardy, Alexa Lesperance, Iehente Foote, Michelle Firestone and Janet Smylie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1871

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Malaria-endemic countries distribute long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) through combined channels with ambitious, universal coverage (UC) targets. Kenya has used eight channels with variable results. To in...

    Authors: Eve Worrall, Vincent Were, Agnes Matope, Elvis Gama, Joseph Olewe, Dennis Mwambi, Meghna Desai, Simon Kariuki, Ann M. Buff and Louis W. Niessen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1870

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The current corona virus pandemic is acting as a stressor or trauma, which not only threats physical health status, but also threats mental health status and well-being of people. Currently, COVID-19 pandemic ...

    Authors: Arash Mani, Ali Reza Estedlal, Mahsa Kamali, Seyede Zahra Ghaemi, Leila Zarei, Nasrin Shokrpour, Seyed Taghi Heydari and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1866

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In late January, a worldwide crisis known as COVID-19 was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Within only a few weeks, the outbreak took on pandemic proportions, affecting o...

    Authors: Ji Youn Yoo, Samia Valeria Ozorio Dutra, Dany Fanfan, Sarah Sniffen, Hao Wang, Jamile Siddiqui, Hyo-Suk Song, Sung Hwan Bang, Dong Eun Kim, Shihoon Kim and Maureen Groer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1853

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Over 20 million preschool-age children (PSAC) in Nigeria require periodic chemotherapy (PC) for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Persistently low coverage for this age group threatens the World Heal...

    Authors: Paul Eze, Ujunwa Justina Agu, Chioma Lynda Aniebo, Sergius Alex Agu and Lucky Osaheni Lawani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1839

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In 2016, Namibia had ~ 230,000 people living with HIV (PLHIV) and 9154 new tuberculosis (TB) cases, including 3410 (38%) co-infected cases. TB preventative therapy (TPT), consisting of intensive case finding a...

    Authors: Clay Roscoe, Chris Lockhart, Michael de Klerk, Andrew Baughman, Simon Agolory, Michael Gawanab, Heather Menzies, Anna Jonas, Natanael Salomo, Negussie Taffa, David Lowrance, Katherine Robsky, Deanna Tollefson, Eric Pevzner, Ndapewa Hamunime, Farai Mavhunga…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1838

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Complete childhood vaccination remains poor in Sub-Saharan Africa, despite major improvement in childhood vaccination coverage worldwide. Globally, an estimated 2.5 million children die annually from vaccine-p...

    Authors: Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Zemenu Tadesse Tessema, Koku Sisay Tamirat and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1837

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The purpose of the present study is to showcase the image of Sexual Violence (SV) temporal trends through exploring differences in its prevalence rates during 1990–2017 across 195 countries and territories.

    Authors: Nasrin Borumandnia, Naghmeh Khadembashi, Mohammad Tabatabaei and Hamid Alavi Majd

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1835

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Improving cardiovascular health requires public knowledge and reduction of modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. This study assessed knowledge of risk factors and warning signs for CVDs among y...

    Authors: Alfa J. Muhihi, Amani Anaeli, Rose N. M. Mpembeni, Bruno F. Sunguya, Germana Leyna, Deodatus Kakoko, Anna Tengia Kessy, Mary Mwanyika Sando, Marina Njelekela and David P. Urassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1832

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Immunization is one of modern medicine’s greatest achievements in the last three decades. Annually it can prevent nearly 2 to 3 million deaths. Understanding the determinants of effective immunization coverage...

    Authors: Tahir Yousuf Nour, Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Omer Moelin Ali, Mohamed Omar Osman, Mowlid Akil Aden and Kalkidan Hassen Abate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1803

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Domestic violence (DV) damages health and requires a global public health response and engagement of clinical services. Recent surveys show that 27% of married Palestinian women experienced some form of violen...

    Authors: Amira Shaheen, Suzy Ashkar, Abdulsalam Alkaiyat, Loraine Bacchus, Manuela Colombini, Gene Feder and Maggie Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1795

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Childhood undernutrition is a significant public health issue in low-and middle-income countries, including Nepal. However, there is limited evidence showing the association between the planning of birth (PoB)...

    Authors: Ishwar Tiwari, Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel, Bhim Prasad Sapkota and Ramesh Babu Kafle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1788

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Undernutrition is strongly associated with poverty - levels of undernutrition are higher in poor countries than in better-off countries. Social protection especially cash transfer is increasingly recognized as...

    Authors: Tanvir M. Huda, Ashraful Alam, Tazeen Tahsina, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Afrin Iqbal, Jasmin Khan, Gulshan Ara, Nazia Binte Ali, Saad Ullah Al Amin, Elizabeth K. Kirkwood, Tracey-Lea Laba, Nicholas Goodwin, Sumithra Muthayya, Munirul Islam, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, John Hoddinott…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1776

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Guaranteeing the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of populations living in fragile and humanitarian settings is essential and constitutes a basic human right. Compounded by the inherent vulnera...

    Authors: L. Bahamondes, M. Laporte, D. Margatho, H. S. F. de Amorim, C. Brasil, C. M. Charles, A. Becerra and M. M. Hidalgo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1771

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Empowered women have improved decision-making capacity and can demand equal access to health services. Community-based interventions based on building women’s groups for awareness generation on maternal and ch...

    Authors: Shantanu Sharma, Devika Mehra, Faiyaz Akhtar and Sunil Mehra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1766

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Humanitarian settings often present unique scientific challenges and conditions that distinguish them from standard research settings. While a number of these challenges are faced in both standard settings and...

    Authors: Debarati Guha-Sapir and Sarah Elizabeth Scales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1761

    Content type: Research in practice

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  45. The World Health Organisation (WHO) publishes a large number of clinical practice and public health guidelines to promote evidence-based practice across the world. Due to the variety of health system capacitie...

    Authors: Zhicheng Wang, Quinn Grundy, Lisa Parker and Lisa Bero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1758

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Maternal immunisation to boost respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) specific antibodies in pregnant women is a strategy to enhance infant protection. The timing of maternal vaccination during pregnancy may be cri...

    Authors: Joyce U. Nyiro, Elizabeth Bukusi, Dufton Mwaengo, David Walumbe, Amek Nyaguara, Bryan Nyawanda, Nancy Otieno, James A. Berkley, Patrick Munywoki and D. James Nokes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1723

    Content type: Research article

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  47. More than 3 million children under 5 years in developing countries die from dehydration due to diarrhea, a preventable and treatable disease. We conducted a comparative analysis of two Demographic Health Surve...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Vasco Chikwasha, Clara Haruzivishe, Sowmya R. Rao and Chabila C. Mapoma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1716

    Content type: Research article

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