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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    Infectious disease screening of migrants at increased risk is a feature of national infection prevention and control measures. Asylum seekers in Finland are offered screening of tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis B,...

    Authors: Paula Tiittala, Karolina Tuomisto, Taneli Puumalainen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jukka Ollgren, Olli Snellman and Otto Helve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1139

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The previously-named Mexico City Policy (MCP) — which prohibited non U.S.-based non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from receiving U.S. family planning (FP) funding if they advocated, provided, counseled, or...

    Authors: Jennifer Sherwood, Alana Sharp, Brian Honermann, Caitlin Horrigan, Meghna Chatterjee, Austin Jones, Chloe Cooney and Greg Millett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1116

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  3. Content type: Research article

    South Africa has implemented a community health programme delivered by community health workers (CHWs) to strengthen primary healthcare services. Provision of community Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) servi...

    Authors: Nireshni Naidoo, Jean P. Railton, Sellina N. Khosa, Nthabiseng Matlakala, Gert Marincowitz, James A. McIntyre, Helen E. Struthers, Jude Igumbor and Remco P. H. Peters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1099

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Globally, more than 90% of women during the first year of postpartum period want to either delay or avoid future pregnancies. The first year postpartum period is more crucial time to use modern contraceptives ...

    Authors: Aregahegn Dona, Muluemebet Abera, Tsedach Alemu and Dawit Hawaria

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1100

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Timely interventions in the postnatal period are important for reducing newborn mortality, and early home visits to provide postnatal care are recommended. There has been limited success in achieving timely vi...

    Authors: Yared Amare, Pauline Scheelbeek, Joanna Schellenberg, Della Berhanu and Zelee Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1074

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  6. Content type: Debate

    The World Health Organization prioritises a more holistic global response to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2030. Based on experiences in the HIV response, social protection, and in particular cash tran...

    Authors: William E. Rudgard, Daniel J. Carter, James Scuffell, Lucie D. Cluver, Nicole Fraser-Hurt and Delia Boccia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1052

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The causes of birth defects (BDs) are complex and include genetic and environmental factors and/or their interactions. More research is needed to describe the epidemiology of BDs within specific regions of Chi...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Xuemei Huang, Bo Wang, Yu Zhang, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Dingyuan Zeng, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Chawla Sanjay and Eric McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1008

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Despite some improvements towards reducing hunger, malnutrition remains to be a crucial challenge in the developing world. The objective of this paper is to analyze the interplay between production diversity a...

    Authors: Habtamu Yesigat Ayenew, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Lena Schickramm, Getachew Abate-Kassa and Johannes Sauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:988

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1077

  9. Content type: Debate

    With 244 million international migrants, and significantly more people moving within their country of birth, there is an urgent need to engage with migration at all levels in order to support progress towards ...

    Authors: Kolitha Wickramage, Jo Vearey, Anthony B. Zwi, Courtland Robinson and Michael Knipper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:987

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the morbidity profile and the sociodemographic characteristics of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) arriving in the region of Bavaria, Germany, between October 2014 and Februar...

    Authors: Teresa Kloning, Thomas Nowotny, Martin Alberer, Michael Hoelscher, Axel Hoffmann and Guenter Froeschl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:983

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The evidence on the economic burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) remains scarce. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review to establish the magnitude and kn...

    Authors: Adrian Gheorghe, Ulla Griffiths, Adrianna Murphy, Helena Legido-Quigley, Peter Lamptey and Pablo Perel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:975

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Young adult (aged 20–34) males experience higher mortality than females, and in age groups immediately younger and older, and with considerable variation in death rates over time. Trends in mortality and the c...

    Authors: Richard Taylor, Andrew Page, Alex Wodak, Michael Dudley, Sonali Munot and Stephen Morrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:965

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Many low- and middle-income countries are facing a double burden of disease with persisting high levels of infectious disease, and an increasing prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD). Within these setti...

    Authors: Carren Ginsburg, Philippe Bocquier, Donatien Béguy, Sulaimon Afolabi, Kathleen Kahn, David Obor, Frank Tanser, Andrew Tomita, Marylene Wamukoya and Mark A. Collinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:918

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A higher vegetable intake plays an important role in promoting general health and well-being, but there is a dearth of data on the independent effect of vegetable intake on health-related quality of life (HR-Q...

    Authors: Fusta Azupogo, Judith A. Seidu and Yakubu Balma Issaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:920

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Over one million Syrian asylum seekers have travelled to Greece with the ultimate aim of reaching other countries in western Europe. Depression prevalence and associated sociodemographic and displacement chara...

    Authors: Danielle N. Poole, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Shirley Liao, Nathaniel A. Raymond and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:908

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has been experiencing a high prevalence of communicable diseases, which resulted in high morbidity, mortality, and hospital admission rates. One of the highest contributing factors for this is lower l...

    Authors: Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Animut Alebel, Ayenew Negesse, Getachew Mengistu, Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn, Henok Mulugeta, Bekele Tesfaye, Nakachew Mekonnen Alamirew, Fasil Wagnew, Yihalem Abebe Belay, Aster Ferede, Mezinew Sintayehu, Getnet Dessie, Dube Jara Boneya, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu and Getiye Dejenu Kibret

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:901

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Statistics indicate that Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality. It is however estimated that there is high rate of perinatal mortality although there is scarcity of data due to a la...

    Authors: Elias Merdassa Roro, Mitike Molla Sisay and Lynn M. Sibley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:888

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged political instability may have exacerbated gender inequitable beliefs in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The aim of this study was to assess attitudes related to gender-equitable norms and it...

    Authors: Hendrew Lusey, Miguel San Sebastian, Monica Christianson and Kerstin E. Edin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:887

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia is common among pregnant women, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While body mass index (BMI) relates to many risk factors for anaemia in pregnancy, little is known about the dire...

    Authors: Martina Mocking, Ary I. Savitri, Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal, Dwirani Amelia, Edward Antwi, Mohammad Baharuddin, Diederick E. Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Joyce L. Browne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:873

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Social determinants are known to be a driving force of health inequalities, even in high income countries. Aim of our study was to determine if these factors can limit antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, outc...

    Authors: Annalisa Saracino, Mauro Zaccarelli, Patrizia Lorenzini, Alessandra Bandera, Giulia Marchetti, Francesco Castelli, Andrea Gori, Enrico Girardi, Cristina Mussini, Paolo Bonfanti, Adriana Ammassari and Antonella d’Arminio Monforte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:870

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  21. Content type: Research article

    South Africa introduced medical male circumcision (MMC) to reduce HIV incidence. Mathematical modeling suggested that targeting MMC services to men aged 20–34 years could provide the most immediate impact on H...

    Authors: Jonathan M. Grund, Candice M. Chetty-Makkan, Sibuse Ginindza, Reuben Munyai, Helen Kisbey-Green, Mpho Maraisane and Salome Charalambous

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:868

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic inequalities in access to maternal health care have received more attention as it challenges the sustainability of the ongoing achievement in reducing maternal mortality. By promoting access to m...

    Authors: Ngan Do, Huong Thi Giang Tran, Alay Phonvisay and Juhwan Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:875

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    The major drawback of the community-based mass drug administration (MDA) approach against schistosomiasis is that treatment is offered blindly without testing for the targeted infection. This partly contribute...

    Authors: Humphrey D. Mazigo, John H. Amuasi, Isaac Osei and Safari M. Kinung’hi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:840

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACES) have been linked to poor health and well-being outcomes, including poor mental health such as psychological distress. Both ACEs and psychological distress pose a significan...

    Authors: Mercy Manyema, Shane A. Norris and Linda M. Richter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:835

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Iron-deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency globally. Due to the high iron requirements for pregnancy, it is highly prevalent and severe in pregnant women. There is strong evidence that maternal ...

    Authors: Tanvir M. Huda, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Shahreen Raihana, Sajia Islam, Tazeen Tahsina, Ashraful Alam, Kingsley Agho, Sabrina Rasheed, Alison Hayes, Mohd Anisul Karim, Qazi Sadequr Rahman, Abu Bakkar Siddique, Md Moinuddin, Morseda Chowdhury, Lucky Ghose, Kaosar Afsana…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:816

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Appraisal delay is the time a patient takes to consider a symptom as not only noticeable, but a sign of illness. The study’s objective was to determine the association between appraisal delay in seeking tuberc...

    Authors: Kyle Fluegge, LaShaunda L. Malone, Mary Nsereko, Brenda Okware, Christian Wejse, Hussein Kisingo, Ezekiel Mupere, W. Henry Boom and Catherine M. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:798

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The health of migrants has become an important issue in global health and foreign policy. Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in global migration health (GMH) is an important...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh, Kolitha Wickramage, Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Bayard Roberts, Ansam F. Sawalha and Saed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:777

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Despite increasing of the Belgian health expenditures, several indicators related to population health showed poor results. The objectives of this study were to perform an in-depth analysis of the secular tren...

    Authors: C. Maertens de Noordhout, H. Van Oyen, N. Speybroeck and B. Devleesschauwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:775

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has some of the highest prevalence of urogenital sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Pacific Asia, but to date, anorectal STI prevalence data do not exist, and diagnosis of anorect...

    Authors: Stephen Bell, Johanna Wapling, Sophie Ase, Ruthy Boli-Neo, Andrew J. Vallely, John M. Kaldor, Claire E. Nightingale and Angela Kelly-Hanku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:776

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Stigma and discrimination remains a barrier to uptake of HIV/AIDS counselling and treatment as well as effective HIV reduction programmes. Despite ethnic diversity of Nigeria, studies on determinants of HIV st...

    Authors: Clifford O. Odimegwu, Olatunji Alabi, Nicole De Wet and Joshua O. Akinyemi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:763

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa remains one of the regions with modest health outcomes; and evidenced by high maternal mortality ratios and under-5 mortality rates. There are complications that occur during and following p...

    Authors: Henry V. Doctor, Sangwani Nkhana-Salimu and Maryam Abdulsalam-Anibilowo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:765

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Increasing the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to 50% in the first six months of life is one of six major global targets set by the United Nations Decade of Nutrition, and is essential to achieve the sus...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, IM Engebretsen, S. Phakathi, C. Connolly, A. Coutsoudis and L. Spies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:757

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage is being increasingly recognized globally as a fundamental violation of human rights. Child marriages occur globally in varying degrees across countries and regions. South Asia alone accounted f...

    Authors: Devika Mehra, Archana Sarkar, Priyanka Sreenath, Jagannath Behera and Sunil Mehra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:732

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  34. Content type: Research article

    From December 2014 to September 2016, a cholera outbreak in Kenya, the largest since 2010, caused 16,840 reported cases and 256 deaths. The outbreak affected 30 of Kenya’s 47 counties and occurred shortly afte...

    Authors: Kathryn G. Curran, Emma Wells, Samuel J. Crowe, Rupa Narra, Jared Oremo, Waqo Boru, Jane Githuku, Mark Obonyo, Kevin M. De Cock, Joel M. Montgomery, Lyndah Makayotto, Daniel Langat, Sara A. Lowther, Ciara O’Reilly, Zeinab Gura and Jackson Kioko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:723

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In 2013, Mozambique implemented task-shifting (TS) from clinical officers to maternal and child nurses to improve care for HIV positive children < 5 years old. A retrospective, pre-post intervention study was ...

    Authors: Claudia Marotta, Carlo Giaquinto, Francesco Di Gennaro, Kajal D. Chhaganlal, Annalisa Saracino, Jorge Moiane, Guido Maringhini, Damiano Pizzol, Giovanni Putoto, Laura Monno, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale and Walter Mazzucco

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:703

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Asset-based economic empowerment interventions, which take an integrated approach to building human, social, and economic capital, have shown promise in their ability to reduce HIV risk for young people, inclu...

    Authors: Fred M. Ssewamala, Laura Gauer Bermudez, Torsten B. Neilands, Claude A. Mellins, Mary M. McKay, Irv Garfinkel, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Gertrude Nakigozi, Miriam Mukasa, Lindsay Stark, Christopher Damulira, Jennifer Nattabi and Apollo Kivumbi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:693

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Three billion individuals worldwide rely on biomass fuel [dung, wood, crops] for cooking and heating. Further, health conditions resulting from household air pollution (HAP) are responsible for approximately 3...

    Authors: Daniel Carrión, Rebecca Dwommoh, Theresa Tawiah, Oscar Agyei, Francis Agbokey, Miecks Twumasi, Mohammed Mujtaba, Darby Jack and Kwaku Poku Asante

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:689

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Lack of legal identification documents can impose major challenges for children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between not having a birth ...

    Authors: Joshua Jeong, Amiya Bhatia and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:673

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-established determinant of health status and home ownership is a commonly used composite indicator of SES. Patients in low-income households often stay in public rental hou...

    Authors: Jun Jie Benjamin Seng, Yu Heng Kwan, Hendra Goh, Julian Thumboo and Lian Leng Low

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:665

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  40. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated whether outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, newborn microcephaly, and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in Latin America may be detected through current surveillance systems, and how cases detec...

    Authors: Leonelo E. Bautista and Víctor M. Herrera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:656

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Stunting is one of the most serious and challenging public health problems in Ethiopia, which constitute a significant obstacle to achieving better child health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the prevale...

    Authors: Tesfahun Yonas Bogale, Elazar Tadesse Bala, Minyahil Tadesse and Benedict Oppong Asamoah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:653

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The effect of maternal anemia on childhood hemoglobin status has received little attention. Thus, we examined the potential association between maternal anemia and childhood anemia (aged 6–59 months) from sele...

    Authors: Peter A. M. Ntenda, Owen Nkoka, Paul Bass and Thomas Senghore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:650

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In the backdroup of a rapidly increasing burden of diabetes in Nepal, a community-based diabetes management program is implemented involving female community health volunteers (FCHVs) under the government run ...

    Authors: Bishal Gyawali, Shiva Raj Mishra, Dinesh Neupane, Abhinav Vaidya, Annelli Sandbæk and Per Kallestrup

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:641

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Populations of low and middle-income countries are ageing rapidly; there is a need for policies that support an increase in the duration of old age lived in good health. There is growing evidence that social p...

    Authors: Celeste Marsh, Paul A. Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters and Wendy Holmes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:636

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  45. Content type: Research article

    General practitioners play a fundamental role in combatting the current epidemic of physical inactivity, and pedometer-based walking interventions are able to increase physical activity levels of their patient...

    Authors: Tomas Vetrovsky, Jozef Cupka, Martin Dudek, Blanka Kuthanova, Klaudia Vetrovska, Vaclav Capek and Vaclav Bunc

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:635

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