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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. Breastfeeding for optimum duration is one of the most effective ways to reduce infant morbidity and mortality and confirms expected growth and development of children. The aim of this study was to determine th...

    Authors: Ummay Ayesha, A. S. M. A. Mamun, Md. Abu Sayem and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1758

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Road-Traffic-Injuries (RTIs) are predicted to rise up to the fifth leading cause of worldwide death by 2030 and Iran has the third highest RTIs mortality among higher-middle income countries. Although the high...

    Authors: Mehran Shams, Farnam Mohebi, Kimiya Gohari, Masoud Masinaei, Bahram Mohajer, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Sara Khademioureh, Moein Yoosefi, Milad Hasan, Bahman Damerchilu, Ayyoob Jafari and Farshad Farzadfar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1722

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Caesarean section delivery is a major life-saving obstetric surgical intervention for mothers and babies from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. This paper attempts to investigate the geographical...

    Authors: Avijit Roy, Pintu Paul, Pradip Chouhan, Margubur Rahaman and Nanigopal Kapasia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1715

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The nutritional quality of food has an important impact on the health and well-being of families, especially children whose bodies need to grow, develop and reach their full physical and mental potential. Trad...

    Authors: Louis Kobina Dadzie, Joshua Amo-Adjei and Kobina Esia-Donkoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1700

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Women delivering in health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa and their newborns do not always receive proven interventions needed to prevent and/or adequately manage severe complications. The gaps in quality of...

    Authors: Tieba Millogo, Kadidiatou Raïssa Kourouma, Aïssatou Diallo, Marie Laurette Agbre-Yace, Mamadou Diouldé Baldé and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1652

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Salameh et al. developed the Lebanese Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS-11) that assesses nicotine dependence among adult waterpipe smokers. In view of the high waterpipe use among Lebanese youth and other neig...

    Authors: Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid, Hala Sacre and Pascale Salameh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1627

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sustaining an effective evidence-based health intervention will maximize its impact on public health. Political and governmental reforms impacted on immunization program sustainability both positively and nega...

    Authors: Luthfi Azizatunnisa’, Utsamani Cintyamena, Yodi Mahendradhata and Riris Andono Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1624

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Preterm birth is a risk factor for child survival in both the short and long term. In Zimbabwe, the prevalence of preterm birth is rising, and there are growing concerns about the adverse consequences. This st...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Emmanuel Kolawole Odusina, Nicholas Kofi Adjei and Olalekan A. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1610

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Body image is the main element of an individual’s personality that may be influenced by many factors during menopause. We aimed to assess the relationship between postmenopausal women’s body image with the sev...

    Authors: Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Hamid Alavi Majd, Zahra Jafari Torkamani, Khadijeh Dodel Andarvar and Fatemeh Rahnemaei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1599

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite the protective effects of foods being rich in phytochemicals against chronic diseases, this issue is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between Dietary Ph...

    Authors: Azam Ahmadi Vasmehjani, Zahra Darabi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Masoud Mirzaei and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1587

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Waterpipe and cigarette smoking dependence are becoming increasingly prevalent forms of addiction globally. This study examined whether cumulative cigarette smoking and cumulative waterpipe smoking are associa...

    Authors: Diana Malaeb, Marwan Akel, Hala Sacre, Chadia Haddad, Sahar Obeid, Souheil Hallit and Pascale Salameh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1583

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of household food security on childhood anemia in Bangladesh while controlling for socioeconomic and demographic factors.

    Authors: Masum Ali, Md. Ruhul Amin, Johan Jarl, Nick Chisholm and Sanjib Saha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1581

    Content type: Research article

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  13. India has achieved impressive gains in child survival over the last two decades; however, it was not successful in attaining MDG 2015 goals. The study’s objective is to inquire how the survival status of the p...

    Authors: Shobhit Srivastava, Shubhranshu Kumar Upadhyay, Shekhar Chauhan and Manoj Alagarajan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1577

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Limited physical activity (PA) and a high level of sedentary time (ST) are associated with childhood obesity and are a target for intervention. This study aimed to assess objectively measured PA and ST in Dutc...

    Authors: Gabrielle ten Velde, Guy Plasqui, Elke Dorenbos, Bjorn Winkens and Anita Vreugdenhil

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1558

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Nepal has a high prevalence of hypertension which is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases globally. It is inadequately controlled even after its diagnosis despite the availability of effective treat...

    Authors: Buna Bhandari, Padmanesan Narasimhan, Abhinav Vaidya, Madhusudan Subedi and Rohan Jayasuriya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1524

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Several American universities have experienced COVID-19 outbreaks, risking the health of their students, employees, and local communities. Such large outbreaks have drained university resources and forced seve...

    Authors: Lior Rennert, Corey A. Kalbaugh, Christopher McMahan, Lu Shi and Christopher C. Colenda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1520

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to global research to predict those who are at greatest risk of developing severe disease and mortality. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine ...

    Authors: Zixin Cai, Yan Yang and Jingjing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1505

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) services in Kenya can be strengthened through the delivery of relevant and culturally appropriate SMS messages.

    Authors: Natabhona M. Mabachi, Melinda Brown, Catherine Wexler, Kathy Goggin, May Maloba, Dama Olungae, Brad Gautney and Sarah Finocchario-Kessler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1491

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Severe anaemia (haemoglobin < 6 g/dL) is a leading cause of recurrent hospitalisation in African children. We investigated predictors of readmission in children hospitalised with severe anaemia in the TRACT tr...

    Authors: Roisin Connon, Elizabeth C. George, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Sarah Kiguli, George Chagaluka, Florence Alaroker, Robert O. Opoka, Ayub Mpoya, Kevin Walsh, Charles Engoru, Julius Nteziyaremye, Macpherson Mallewa, Neil Kennedy, Margaret Nakuya, Cate Namayanja, Eva Nabawanuka…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1480

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Standardised checklists of items to be addressed in clinical study protocols and publications are promoting transparency in research. However, particular specifications for exceptional cases, such as children ...

    Authors: Angela De Pretto-Lazarova, Domnita Oana Brancati-Badarau and Christian Burri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1473

    Content type: Research article

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  21. During the initial phase of the global COVID-19 outbreak, most countries responded with non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). In this study we investigate the general effectiveness of these NPIs, how long d...

    Authors: Ingo W. Nader, Elisabeth L. Zeilinger, Dana Jomar and Clemens Zauchner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1472

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In spite of the universal right for women to decide freely for themselves when, and how many children they want to have in life, married women in Uganda are less likely to use modern contraceptives as compared...

    Authors: Ronald Wasswa, Allen Kabagenyi and Paulino Ariho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1457

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Evidence on child feeding practice is often based on the perspectives and experiences of parents and less that of health practitioners. In this study, we explored child feeding practice in Aboriginal communiti...

    Authors: Athira Rohit, Renae Kirkham, Leisa McCarthy, Valentina Puruntatameri, Louise Maple-Brown and Julie Brimblecombe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1449

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In rural Gambia, rates of malnutrition and infection are higher during the annual rainy/‘hungry’ season (June–October) in comparison to the dry/‘harvest’ season (November–May). The effects of this seasonal pat...

    Authors: Sandra G. Okala, Momodou K. Darboe, Fatou Sosseh, Bakary Sonko, Tisbeh Faye-Joof, Andrew M. Prentice and Sophie E. Moore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1442

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Poisoning is a major problem in India. However, there is little systematic information on the key poisons responsible for most deaths by geographical area and over time. We aimed to review the literature to id...

    Authors: Ayanthi Karunarathne, Ashish Bhalla, Aastha Sethi, Uditha Perera and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Traditional male circumcision (TMC) is primarily associated with a religious or cultural purpose and may lead to complications. To reduce risks of complication and long-term disabilities that may happen from c...

    Authors: Biruk Shalmeno Tusa, Adisu Birhanu Weldesenbet, Telahun Kasa Tefera and Sewnet Adem Kebede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1423

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) caused 17.9 million deaths worldwide in 2016, being the world’s leading cause of death. Prevention of CVD in high-income countries is expensive and fails to reach the population a...

    Authors: Delphine Le Goff, Marie Barais, Gabriel Perraud, Jeremy Derriennic, Paul Aujoulat, Morgane Guillou-Landreat and Jean Yves Le Reste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1422

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Approximately 545,000 women and girls in the USA have undergone Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting (FGM/C) or have mothers from a country where FGM/C is practiced. Women and girls living with FGM/C in the USA ...

    Authors: Christina X. Marea, Nicole Warren, Nancy Glass, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu and Nancy Perrin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1415

    Content type: Research article

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  29. BPaL, a 6 month oral regimen composed of bedaquiline, pretomanid, and linezolid for treating extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a potential alternative for at least 20 months of individualized...

    Authors: S. E. J. van de Berg, P. T. Pelzer, A. J. van der Land, E. Abdrakhmanova, A. Muhammad Ozi, M. Arias, S. Cook-Scalise, G. Dravniece, A. Gebhard, S. Juneja, R. Handayani, D. Kappel, M. Kimerling, I. Koppelaar, S. Malhotra, B. Myrzaliev…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1404

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In developing countries, malnutrition in children and developmental delays are two major challenges for public health. To achieve the vision of the Sustainable Development Goals from the broader perspective of...

    Authors: Javeria Saleem, Rubeena Zakar, Gul Mehar Javaid Bukhari, Aneela Fatima and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1397

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Despite effective biomedical tools, HIV remains the largest cause of morbidity/mortality in South Africa – especially among adolescents and young people. We used community-based participatory research (CBPR), ...

    Authors: Maryam Shahmanesh, Nonhlanhla Okesola, Natsayi Chimbindi, Thembelihle Zuma, Sakhile Mdluli, Nondumiso Mthiyane, Oluwafemi Adeagbo, Jaco Dreyer, Carina Herbst, Nuala McGrath, Guy Harling, Lorraine Sherr and Janet Seeley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1393

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Despite considerable institutional experimentation at national and international levels in response to calls for global health security reform, there is little research on organisational models that address ou...

    Authors: Philomena Raftery, Mazeda Hossain and Jennifer Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1378

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, knowledge of the complications and management of hypertension among ...

    Authors: Charles Batte, John Mukisa, Natalie Rykiel, David Mukunya, William Checkley, Felix Knauf, Robert Kalyesubula and Trishul Siddharthan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1343

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Women’s empowerment has always remained a contested issue in the complex socio-demographic and cultural milieu of Pakistani society. Women are ranked lower than men on all vital human development indicators. T...

    Authors: Safdar Abbas, Noman Isaac, Munir Zia, Rubeena Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1328

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although existing studies have described patterns of social media use in healthcare, most are focused on health professionals in one discipline. Population health requires a multi-disciplinary approach to ensu...

    Authors: Sungwon Yoon, Sharon Wee, Vivian S. Y. Lee, Jing Lin and Julian Thumboo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1312

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vitamin D has been identified as a potential protective factor in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). We expect to see a stronger association of ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure and CRC crude rates with in...

    Authors: Vidya Lakshmi Purushothaman, Raphael E. Cuomo, Cedric F. Garland and Timothy K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1238

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Racism is increasingly recognised as a significant health determinant that contributes to health inequalities. In Australia efforts have been made to bridge the recognised health gap between Aboriginal and Tor...

    Authors: Camila A. Kairuz, Lisa M. Casanelia, Keziah Bennett-Brook, Julieann Coombes and Uday Narayan Yadav

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1302

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The study aims to predict and assess cardiovascular disease (CVD) patterns in highly affected countries such as Pakistan, India, China, Kenya, the USA, and Sweden. The data for CVD deaths was gathered from 200...

    Authors: Shazia Rehman, Erum Rehman, Muhammad Ikram and Zhang Jianglin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1299

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:1382

  39. In Mexico, the COVID-19 pandemic led to preventative measures such as confinement and social interaction limitations that paradoxically may have aggravated healthcare access disparities for pregnant women and ...

    Authors: Nina Mendez-Dominguez, Karen Santos-Zaldívar, Salvador Gomez-Carro, Sudip Datta-Banik and Genny Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1297

    Content type: Research article

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  40. For adolescents living with HIV (ALWH), school may be the most important but understudied social sphere related to HIV stigma. Teachers are role models in the classroom and within the community, and their atti...

    Authors: Ashley Chory, Winstone Nyandiko, Whitney Beigon, Josephine Aluoch, Celestine Ashimosi, Dennis Munyoro, Michael Scanlon, Edith Apondi and Rachel Vreeman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1281

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, community non-medical anti-epidemic workers have played an important role in the prevention of COVID-19 in China. The present study a...

    Authors: Guanglin Si, Yi Xu, Mengying Li, Yuting Zhang, Shuzhen Peng and Xiaodong Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Poor growth in early childhood has been considered irreversible after 2–3 years of age and has been associated with morbidity and mortality over the short-term and with poor economic and cognitive outcomes ove...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Richard, Benjamin J. J. McCormick, Laura E. Murray-Kolb, Pascal Bessong, Sanjaya K. Shrestha, Estomih Mduma, Tahmeed Ahmed, Gagandeep Kang, Gwenyth O. Lee, Jessica C. Seidman, Erling Svensen, Margaret N. Kosek and Laura E. Caulfield

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1246

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Variations in cardiovascular disease risk (CVD) are suggested to be partly influenced by factors that affect prenatal growth patterns and outcomes, namely degree of maternal investment (proxied by birth weight...

    Authors: Rola Al Ghali, Linda Smail, Maryam Muqbel and Dalia Haroun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1237

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Limited health literacy among people with asthma is associated with poor adherence to self-management activities, thus poor clinical outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of health literacy le...

    Authors: H. Salim, S. Shariff Ghazali, P. Y. Lee, A. T. Cheong, N. H. Harrun, S. Mohamed Isa and H. Pinnock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1186

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Fiji, a Pacific Island nation of 884,887 (2017 census), has experienced a prolonged epidemiological transition. This study examines trends in mortality and life expectancy (LE) in Fiji by sex and ethnicity ove...

    Authors: Catherine Dearie, Christine Linhart, Eric Rafai, Devina Nand, Stephen Morrell and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1185

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Multipurpose cash transfers (MPCs) are used on a widespread basis in the Syrian refugee response; however, there is little to no evidence as to how they affect health in humanitarian crises.

    Authors: Emily Lyles, Jakob Arhem, Ghada El Khoury, Antonio Trujillo, Paul Spiegel, Ann Burton and Shannon Doocy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1176

    Content type: Research article

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  47. There has been substantial progress in research on preventing violence against women and girls (VAWG) in the last 20 years. While the evidence suggests the potential of well-designed curriculum-based intervent...

    Authors: Jenevieve Mannell, Safua Akeli Amaama, Ramona Boodoosingh, Laura Brown, Maria Calderon, Esther Cowley-Malcolm, Hattie Lowe, Angélica Motta, Geordan Shannon, Helen Tanielu and Carla Cortez Vergara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1147

    Content type: Study protocol

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