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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 19

  1. Cartagena, Colombia’s main port on the Caribbean Coast, reported an HIV incidence of 7.5 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2007 with 90.0% transmission by heterosexual contact and 70 identified as women with a stable...

    Authors: M. C. Quevedo-Gómez, A. Krumeich, C. E. Abadía-Barrero and H. W. van den Borne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1208

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The assessment of disability in a population is an important part of public health management. In this article, we examine the psychometric properties and validation of the Polish version of the 12-item World ...

    Authors: Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Bernard Sozański, Hubert Kotarski, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska and Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1203

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Adolescents living with HIV (ALWH) who transition from pediatric to adult care face several challenges that increase their risk of experiencing treatment interruptions and being lost to HIV care with resultant...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Vincenzo Malo, Cameron Jones, Isha W. Metzger, Millicent Atujuna, Rebecca Marcus, Donaldson F. Conserve, Lara Handler and Linda-Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1195

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Sierra Leone, a fragile country, is facing an increasingly significant burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Facilitated by an international partnership, a project was developed to adapt and pilot deskto...

    Authors: Guanyang Zou, Sophie Witter, Lizzie Caperon, John Walley, Kiran Cheedella, Reynold G. B. Senesi and Haja Ramatulai Wurie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1185

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Antibiotic misuse and other types of unnecessary use of antibiotics can contribute to accelerate the process of antibiotic resistance, which is considered a global concern, mostly affecting low-and middle-inco...

    Authors: Olga Cambaco, Yara Alonso Menendez, John Kinsman, Betuel Sigaúque, Heiman Wertheim, Nga Do, Margaret Gyapong, Johannes John-Langba, Esperança Sevene and Khátia Munguambe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1183

    Content type: Research article

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  6. HIV/AIDS continues to be a major public health concern for children. Each day, worldwide, approximately 440 children became newly infected with HIV, and 270 children died from AIDS-related causes in 2018. Poor...

    Authors: Junko Yasuoka, Siyan Yi, Sumiyo Okawa, Sovannary Tuot, Makoto Murayama, Chantheany Huot, Pheak Chhoun, Sokunthea Yem, Kazuki Yuzuriha, Tetsuya Mizutani and Kimiyo Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1181

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) that first occurred in Wuhan, China, is currently spreading throughout China. The majority of infected patients either traveled to Wuhan or came into contact with an inf...

    Authors: Lifeng Wei, Zhuowa Sha, Ying Wang, Gangyu Zhang, Haonan Jia, Shuang Zhou, Yuanheng Li, Yameng Wang, Chao Liu, Mingli Jiao, Shufan Sun and Qunhong Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1164

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Immunization is a cost-effective public health strategy. Immunization averts nearly three million deaths annually but immunization coverage is low in some countries and some regions within countries. The aim o...

    Authors: Tahir Yousuf Nour, Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Omer Moeline Ali and Kalkidan Hassen Abate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1134

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Child maltreatment is a global epidemic. It affects morbidity, mortality, social behavior, wellbeing, and quality of life of children. This study aims to assess prevalence of child abuse in the West Bank (WB) ...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1130

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Parent-child communication about sexual issues can reduce risky sexual behaviour amongst adolescents. Risky sexual behaviour is of concern in sub-Saharan Africa where the prevalence of early pregnancy, unsafe ...

    Authors: Katja Jezkova Isaksen, Patrick Musonda and Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1120

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Improving breastfeeding practice is important for reducing child health inequalities and achieving several Sustainable Development Goals. Indonesia has enacted legislation to promote optimal breastfeeding prac...

    Authors: Nurmala Selly Saputri, Belinda Rina Marie Spagnoletti, Alison Morgan, Siswanto Agus Wilopo, Ankur Singh, Barbara McPake, Rifat Atun, Rika Kumala Dewi and John Tayu Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1112

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Africa bears a disproportionately high burden of globally significant disease but has lagged in knowledge production to address its health challenges. In this contribution, we discuss the challenges and approa...

    Authors: Victoria O. Kasprowicz, Denis Chopera, Kim Darley Waddilove, Mark A. Brockman, Jill Gilmour, Eric Hunter, William Kilembe, Etienne Karita, Simani Gaseitsiwe, Eduard J. Sanders and Thumbi Ndung’u

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1104

    Content type: Debate

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  13. Legal empowerment and social accountability are two strategies that are increasingly used to address gaps in healthcare in low- and middle-income countries, including failure to provide services that should be...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf, Joana Falcao, Ellie Feinglass, Erin Kitchell, Nadja Gomes and Lynn Freedman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1084

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Many countries are striving to become malaria-free, but global reduction in case estimates has stagnated in recent years. Substandard and falsified medicines may contribute to this lack of progress. Zambia aim...

    Authors: Kathryn D. Jackson, Colleen R. Higgins, Sarah K. Laing, Chiluba Mwila, Tamaki Kobayashi, Matthew M. Ippolito, Sean Sylvia and Sachiko Ozawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1083

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common and growing health problem that requires adequate Knowledge by health care providers to reduce the progress of the disease. Thus, this study aimed to assess the care pr...

    Authors: Amare Desalegn Wolide, Kabaye Kumela, Fantu Kerga, Serkadis Debalke, Meskerem Seboka, Birtukan Edilu, Fanta Gashe and Eshetu Mulisa Bobassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Education is a pivot included Decade of Action for Road Safety initiative, which has reduced deaths caused by accidents in developed countries. Given the circumstances of each country, a proper education progr...

    Authors: Fatemeh Bakhtari Aghdam, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Alireza Esmaeili, Haneieh Panahi, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Mina Golestani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1064

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Providing gender sensitive reproductive health service is recently emphasized by health organizations. This study aims to develop and assess psychometric properties of a questionnaire to assess gender sensitiv...

    Authors: Masoumeh Simbar, Fatemeh Rahmanian, Soheila Nazarpour, Ali Ramezankhani, Narges Eskandari and Farid Zayeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1063

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Violence against children is a pervasive public health issue, with limited data available across multiple contexts. This study explores the rarely studied prevalence and dynamics around disclosure, reporting a...

    Authors: Audrey Pereira, Amber Peterman, Anastasia Naomi Neijhoft, Robert Buluma, Rocio Aznar Daban, Aminul Islam, Esmie Tamanda Vilili Kainja, Inah Fatoumata Kaloga, They Kheam, Afrooz Kaviani Johnson, M. Catherine Maternowska, Alina Potts, Chivith Rottanak, Chea Samnang, Mary Shawa, Miho Yoshikawa…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1051

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The study aimed to investigate the associations between physical partner violence victimization (IPV) and/or sexual violence victimization and various health risk behaviours and mental health in university stu...

    Authors: Supa Pengpid and Karl Peltzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:937

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Owing to migration, female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) has become a growing concern in host countries in which FGM/C is not familiar. There is a need for reliable estimates of FGM/C prevalence to inf...

    Authors: Ramin Kawous, Maria E. T. C. van den Muijsenbergh, Diana Geraci, Kyra R. M. Hendriks, Livia E. Ortensi, Femke Hilverda and Alex Burdorf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1033

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Since its inception in 2009, the Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa (CARTA) program has focused on strengthening the capacity of nine African universities and four research centres to produce ...

    Authors: Jude O. Igumbor, Edna N. Bosire, Tariro J. Basera, Dieudonne Uwizeye, Olufunke Fayehun, Hesborn Wao, Ademola Ajuwon, Emmanuel Otukpa, Florah Karimi, Daphney Conco, Evelyn Gitau and Sharon Fonn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1030

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Many unmarried young people in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) want to avoid pregnancy but do not use modern methods of contraception—as a result, half of teen births in these countries are unintended....

    Authors: Nicki Cohen, Finou Thérèse Mendy, Jennifer Wesson, Amanda Protti, Carol Cissé, Elhadji Babacar Gueye, Lydia Trupe, Rosii Floreak, Dana Guichon, Karina Lorenzana and Alison Buttenheim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1025

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Nigeria experience social marginalization, discrimination and violence due to their sexual identity, which may negatively impact physical, mental, ...

    Authors: Adedotun Ogunbajo, Stella Iwuagwu, Rashidi Williams, Katie B. Biello, Christopher W. Kahler, Theodorus G. M. Sandfort and Matthew J. Mimiaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1023

    Content type: Research article

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  24. As countries strive to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, female sex workers (FSW) and their children still face barriers to accessing these essential services. Data on FSW uptake of HIV and reprod...

    Authors: Avi J. Hakim, Tegan Callahan, Irene Benech, Monita Patel, Michelle Adler, Surbhi Modi, Moses Bateganya, Kae Anne Parris and Trista Bingham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1015

    Content type: Correspondence

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  25. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for over 17 million deaths and 353 million disability-adjusted life years lost in 2016. The risk factors are also high and increasing with high blood pressure, smoking,...

    Authors: Wiku Adisasmito, Vilda Amir, Anila Atin, Amila Megraini and Dian Kusuma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1004

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Tuberculosis is the deadliest infection of our time. In contrast, about 11,000 people died of Ebola between 2014 and 2016. Despite this manifest difference in mortality, there is now a vaccine licensed in the ...

    Authors: G. Kaguthi, V. Nduba, P. Rabuogi, D. Okelloh, S. G. Ouma, G. Blatner, S. Gelderbloem, Ellen M. H. Mitchell, Cherise P. Scott, S. Verver, T. Hawkridge, J. E. M. de Steenwinkel, K. F. Laserson and J. H. Richardus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:999

    Content type: Research in practice

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  27. Previous studies show a positive association between household wealth and overweight in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries; however, the manner in which this relationship differs in the presence of educationa...

    Authors: Ifeoma D. Ozodiegwu, Henry V. Doctor, Megan Quinn, Laina D. Mercer, Ogbebor Enaholo Omoike and Hadii M. Mamudu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:996

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Emergency care is among the weakest parts of health systems in low-income countries with both quality and accessibility constraints. Previous studies estimated accessibility to surgical or emergency care based...

    Authors: Emily White Johansson, Cecilia Lindsjö, Daniel J. Weiss, Humphreys Nsona, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Norman Lufesi and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:992

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In recent 10 years, with the rapid socioeconomic development and the extensive implementation of children nutrition improvement projects, the previous epidemiological data cannot reflect the actual level of an...

    Authors: Huixia Li, Juan Xiao, Minghui Liao, Guangwen Huang, Jianfei Zheng, Hua Wang, Qun Huang and Aihua Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:989

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Breast cancer incidence is increasing in Vietnam with studies indicating low levels of knowledge and awareness and late presentation. While there is a growing body of literature on challenges faced by women in...

    Authors: Chris Jenkins, Dinh Thu Ha, Vu Tuyet Lan, Hoang Van Minh, Lynne Lohfeld, Paul Murphy and Le Thi Hai Ha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:966

    Content type: Research article

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  31. HIV testing is a gateway to HIV care and treatment for people diagnosed with HIV and can link those with negative results to HIV preventive services. Despite the importance of HIV testing services (HTS) in HIV...

    Authors: Soori Nnko, Daniel Nyato, Evodius Kuringe, Caterina Casalini, Amani Shao, Albert Komba, John Changalucha and Mwita Wambura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:959

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pakistan is facing a serious problem of child under-nutrition as about 38% of children in Pakistan are stunted. Punjab, the largest province by population and contributes high gross domestic product (GDP) shar...

    Authors: Tahir Mahmood, Faisal Abbas, Ramesh Kumar and Ratana Somrongthong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:952

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Community engagement approaches that have impacted on health outcomes are often time intensive, small-scale and require high levels of financial and human resources. They can be difficult to sustain and scale-...

    Authors: Rebecca King, Joseph Hicks, Christian Rassi, Muhammad Shafique, Deepa Barua, Prashanta Bhowmik, Mahua Das, Helen Elsey, Kate Questa, Fariza Fieroze, Prudence Hamade, Sameena Huque, James Newell and Rumana Huque

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:950

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are increasingly accessible to patients with hepatitis C (HCV) worldwide and are being introduced through national health systems in sub-Saharan Africa. DAAs are highly efficaci...

    Authors: Janvier Serumondo, Michael J. Penkunas, Julienne Niyikora, Alida Ngwije, Athanase Kiromera, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Justine Umutesi, Sabine Umuraza, Gentille Musengimana and Sabin Nsanzimana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:946

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In the Middle East, tremendous efforts have been made to promote both maternal and child health. However, there is little information in the literature about maternal knowledge of obstetric danger signs. Thus,...

    Authors: Amani Abu-Shaheen, Humariya Heena, Abdullah Nofal, Muhammad Riaz and Isamme AlFayyad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:939

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To achieve the WHO End TB Strategy targets, it is necessary to detect and treat more people with active TB early. Scale–up of active case finding (ACF) may be one strategy to achieve that goal. Given human res...

    Authors: Luan Nguyen Quang Vo, Rachel Jeanette Forse, Andrew James Codlin, Thanh Nguyen Vu, Giang Truong Le, Giang Chau Do, Vinh Van Truong, Ha Minh Dang, Lan Huu Nguyen, Hoa Binh Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Jens Levy, Bertie Squire, Knut Lonnroth and Maxine Caws

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:934

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for schoolchildren are well known, but the appropriate age for introducing training is still being discussed. This is a very important issue, since out-of...

    Authors: Sanela Pivač, Primož Gradišek and Brigita Skela-Savič

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:915

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adequate supplies of food and food security (FS) are the fundamental aspects of human societies, and considered one of the pivotal factors of individual and social health. The aim of the present study was to a...

    Authors: Helda Tutunchi, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Nazila Farrin, Sirous Tabrizi, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany and Alireza Ostadrahimi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:883

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently causing various challenges for all countries around the world. Accordingly, the WHO is placing a great emphasis on the global partnership and allinaces to drive coun...

    Authors: Mojtaba Mehtarpour, Amirhossein Takian, Babak Eshrati and Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:873

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries remain the epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic with the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Anti-retroviral treatment (ART) has improved ...

    Authors: Philimon N. Gona, Clara M. Gona, Suha Ballout, Sowmya R. Rao, Ruth Kimokoti, Chabila C. Mapoma and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:867

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The balance between increasing men’s participation in family planning and rights-based initiatives favoring women’s empowerment is highlighted with the issue of covert use of contraception. While covert use ha...

    Authors: Simon P. S. Kibira, Celia Karp, Shannon N. Wood, Selamawit Desta, Hadiza Galadanci, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme, Amy Tsui and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:865

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Global health partnerships have expanded exponentially in the last two decades with Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance considered the model’s pioneer and leader because of its vaccination programs’ implementation mech...

    Authors: Caroline Soi, Jessica Shearer, Baltazar Chilundo, Vasco Muchanga, Luisa Matsinhe, Sarah Gimbel and Kenneth Sherr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:862

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Immunization of women during pregnancy to protect them and their infants against tetanus, pertussis and influenza is recommended by the World health Organization (WHO). However, there is limited information ab...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:855

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Understanding of the relationship between multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and mental health is limited. With growing prevalence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, addressing mental ill-health has potentia...

    Authors: R. Huque, H. Elsey, F. Fieroze, J. P. Hicks, S. Huque, P. Bhawmik, I. Walker and J. Newell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:848

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2018, there were 70.8 million refugees, asylum seekers and persons displaced by wars and conflicts worldwide. Many of these individuals face a high risk for tuberculosis in their country of origin, which ma...

    Authors: Raquel Proença, Fernanda Mattos Souza, Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Rosângela Caetano, José Ueleres Braga, Eduardo Faerstein and Anete Trajman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:838

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Agriculture represents the mainstay of African economies and livestock products are essential to the human population’s nutritional needs. However, in many developing countries, including Ghana, livestock prod...

    Authors: Francis Sena Nuvey, Katharina Kreppel, Priscilla Awo Nortey, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Bismark Sarfo, Gilbert Fokou, Donne Kofi Ameme, Ernest Kenu, Samuel Sackey, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Edwin Afari, Dixon Chibanda and Bassirou Bonfoh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:825

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Mobile Health (mHealth) is becoming an important tool to improve health outcomes in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). Studies of mHealth interventions, have demonstrated their effectiveness in improvi...

    Authors: Nirmala Murthy, Subhashini Chandrasekharan, Muthu Perumal Prakash, Aakash Ganju, Joanne Peter, Nadi Kaonga and Patricia Mechael

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:820

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The high prevalence and long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) treatment are debated topics because of the risk they can cause to the patients. Despite the current information on the risk-benefit balance of t...

    Authors: F. Torres-Bondia, J. de Batlle, L. Galván, M. Buti, F. Barbé and G. Piñol-Ripoll

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:818

    Content type: Research article

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