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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 18

  1. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a leading threat to women’s health and safety globally. Women in abusive relationships make critical decisions about safety and harm reduction while weighing multiple competi...

    Authors: Michele R. Decker, Shannon N. Wood, S. Rachel Kennedy, Zaynab Hameeduddin, Catherine Tallam, Irene Akumu, Irene Wanjiru, Ben Asira, Benjamin Omondi, James Case, Amber Clough, Richard Otieno, Morris Mwiti, Nancy Perrin and Nancy Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:808

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. The lack of organ donors has become a limiting factor for the development of organ transplantation programs. Many countries are currently facing a severe shortage of organs for transplantation. Medical student...

    Authors: Fantu Kerga Dibaba, Kabaye Kumela Goro, Amare Desalegn Wolide, Fanta Gashe Fufa, Aster Wakjira Garedow, Birtukan Edilu Tufa and Eshetu Mulisa Bobasa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:799

    Content type: Research article

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  3. HIV/AIDS is one of the most serious problems in many parts of the world, and is a high priority for health managers and decision-makers. The aim of the qualitative part of this study will be to develop a mobil...

    Authors: Md Mosharaf Hossain, Ruhani Binti Mat Min, Zikri Muhammad and Kulanthayan K. C. Mani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:787

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Many southern African countries are nearing the global goal of diagnosing 90% of people with HIV by 2020. In 2016, 84 and 86% of people with HIV knew their status in Malawi and Zimbabwe, respectively. However,...

    Authors: Cheryl Johnson, Melissa Neuman, Peter MacPherson, Augustine Choko, Caitlin Quinn, Vincent J. Wong, Karin Hatzold, Rose Nyrienda, Getrude Ncube, Rachel Baggaley, Fern Terris-Prestholt and Elizabeth L. Corbett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:779

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective means of public health interventions to prevent childhood deaths from infectious diseases. Although several fragmented studies have been conducted concerning full ...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Muluneh Alene, Kassahun Yawukal Chane, Yoseph Merkebe Alamneh, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:777

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Indian women are more prone to first birth at a relatively younger age after marriage. Also, we do not have sufficient literature available that focuses on contraceptive use before first birth. The analysis of...

    Authors: Pragya Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar Singh, Anjali Singh and Anjali Pandey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:771

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Globally, the prevalence of chronic disease continues to rise and is likely to grow further over the coming decades due to population ageing. Since older age is associated closely with development of chronic d...

    Authors: Sung Hee Kwon, Jun-Pyo Myong, Hyoung-Ah Kim and Kyeong Yeon Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:763

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Optio...

    Authors: Nishi Suryavanshi, Abhay Kadam, Savita Kanade, Nikhil Gupte, Amita Gupta, Robert Bollinger, Vidya Mave and Anita Shankar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:752

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), laypersons play a significant role in providing initial care to injured victims of traffic accidents. Post-crash first aid (PFA) training programmes for laypersons h...

    Authors: Menti L. Ndile, Britt-Inger Saveman, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka and Susann Backteman-Erlanson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:750

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality in Ghana, where rural primary health care is provided mainly by the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative. CH...

    Authors: Leah A. Haykin, Jordan A. Francke, Aurelia Abapali, Elliasu Yakubu, Edith Dambayi, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Raymond Aborigo, Denis Awuni, Engelbert A. Nonterah, Abraham R. Oduro, Ayaga A. Bawah, James F. Phillips and David J. Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:745

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Evidence of the impact of community-based nutrition programs is uncommon for two main reasons: the lack of untreated controls, and implementation does not account for the evaluation design. Suchana is a large-sca...

    Authors: Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, S. M. Tanvir Ahmed, Kazi Eliza Islam, Vanessa Self, Shahed Rahman, Lilly Schofield, Andrew Hall and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:744

    Content type: Research in practice

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  12. Since 2014, the migrant population residing in Europe has dramatically increased. Migrants’ unmet health needs represent a barrier to integration and should be promptly addressed, without stigma, in order to f...

    Authors: Filippo Del Puente, Niccolò Riccardi, Lucia Taramasso, Giovanni Sarteschi, Rachele Pincino and Antonio Di Biagio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:738

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A study involving children from Alagoas (Northeast Brazil) revealed that, as a consequence of a drastic reduction in the prevalence of stunting between 1992 to 2005, (22.5 to 11.4%) combined with an increase i...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira, Gabriela Tenório Albuquerque, Tamara Rodrigues dos Santos, Rosália de Lima Barbosa, Andressa Lima Cavalcante, Luísa Elvira Cavazzani Duarte and Monica Lopes de Assunção

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:736

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Niger has the highest prevalence of child marriage in the world. While child marriage in Niger is clearly normative in the sense that it is commonly practiced, the social and contextual factors that contribute...

    Authors: Holly B. Shakya, John Weeks, Sneha Challa, Paul J. Fleming, Beniamino Cislaghi, Lotus McDougal, Sabrina C. Boyce, Anita Raj and Jay G. Silverman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:729

    Content type: Research article

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  15. HIV-related incidence and mortality is increasing across Peru, with highest mortality rates recorded in the Amazonian region of Loreto. This epidemic is concentrated in men who have sex with men, a population ...

    Authors: Jasmine Tattsbridge, Connie Wiskin, Gilles de Wildt, Anna Clavé Llavall and César Ramal-Asayag

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:728

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Globally only 79% of adults living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) know their status and men in sub-Saharan Africa are considered a particularly hard-to-reach population for HIV testing. Home-based HIV...

    Authors: Daisy Krakowiak, Pamela Makabong’o, Marielle Goyette, John Kinuthia, Alfred Onyango Osoti, Victor Asila, Molly Ann Gone, Jennifer Mark and Carey Farquhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:724

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Child mortality has been reduced by more than 50 % over the past 30 years. A range of secular economic and social developments have been considered to explain this phenomenon. In this paper, we examine the ass...

    Authors: Christopher A. Tait, Abtin Parnia, Nishan Zewge-Abubaker, Wendy H. Wong, Heather Smith-Cannoy and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:707

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Ready-to-use food (RUF) is increasingly used for nutritional therapy in HIV-infected individuals. However, practical guidance advising nutrition care to HIV-infected adolescents is lacking, so that little is k...

    Authors: Fatou Niasse, Marie Varloteaux, Karim Diop, Sidy Mokhtar Ndiaye, François Niokhor Diouf, Pape Birane Mbodj, Babacar Niang, Aminata Diack and Cecile Cames

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:695

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Adolescents are engaged in agricultural work, including pesticide application, around the world. Adolescent pesticide applicators are more likely to be exposed to pesticides than their adult counterparts becau...

    Authors: Diane S. Rohlman, Jonathan W. Davis, Ahmed Ismail, Gaafar M. Abdel Rasoul, Olfat Hendy, James R. Olson and Matthew R. Bonner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:679

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In 2016, after 8 years of twice-annual nationwide preventive chemotherapy (PC) administration to school-age children (SAC), the Bangladesh Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) sought improved impact and...

    Authors: Stacy L. Davlin, Alexander H. Jones, Sanya Tahmina, Abdullah Al Kawsar, Anand Joshi, Sazid I. Zaman, Muhammad M. Rahman, Bozena M. Morawski, Michael S. Deming, Rubina Imtiaz and Mohammad J. Karim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:672

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most common form of gender-based violence affecting women and girls worldwide and is exacerbated in humanitarian crises. There is evidence that substance use is associate...

    Authors: Vandana Sharma, Stephanos Papaefstathiou, Samuel Tewolde, Adaugo Amobi, Negussie Deyessa, Bridget Relyea and Jennifer Scott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:670

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Accessibility of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in many lower-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) and humanitarian settings remains limited, particularly for young people. Young people facing hu...

    Authors: Alethea Desrosiers, Theresa Betancourt, Yasmine Kergoat, Chiara Servilli, Lale Say and Loulou Kobeissi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:666

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The postpartum period is a critical time to improve maternal and child health. It is a time for accessing contraceptives to prevent short inter-pregnancy intervals. More than 95% of postpartum women do not wan...

    Authors: Gizachew Worku Dagnew, Melash Belachew Asresie, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu and Yared Mulu Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:661

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences disproportionate burden of cervical cancer incidence and mortality due in part to low uptake of cervical screening, a strategy for prevention and down-staging of cervical c...

    Authors: Breanne E. Lott, Mario J. Trejo, Christina Baum, D. Jean McClelland, Prajakta Adsul, Purnima Madhivanan, Scott Carvajal, Kacey Ernst and John Ehiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:654

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Tuberculosis is among the top-10 causes of mortality in children with more than 1 million children suffering from TB disease annually worldwide. The main challenge in young children is the difficulty in establ...

    Authors: Lise Denoeud-Ndam, Rose Otieno-Masaba, Boris Tchounga, Rhoderick Machekano, Leonie Simo, Joseph Phelix Mboya, Judith Kose, Patrice Tchendjou, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Gordon Odhiambo Okomo, Martina Casenghi, Jennifer Cohn and Appolinaire Tiam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:623

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Sugira Muryango is a father-engaged early child development and violence-prevention home-visiting programme delivered by trained lay workers. This cluster-randomised trial evaluates whether families living in ext...

    Authors: Theresa S. Betancourt, Sarah K. G. Jensen, Dale A. Barnhart, Robert T. Brennan, Shauna M. Murray, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Jordan Farrar, Kalisa Godfroid, Stephanie M. Bazubagira, Laura B. Rawlings, Briana Wilson, Vincent Sezibera and Alex Kamurase

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:621

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Numerous studies have reported the economic burden of childhood diarrhea in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Yet, empirical data on the cost of diarrheal illness is sparse, particularly in LMICs. In t...

    Authors: Ranju Baral, Justice Nonvignon, Frédéric Debellut, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Andrew Clark and Clint Pecenka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:619

    Content type: Research article

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  28. With the rapid advances in gene technologies in recent years, the potential benefits of precision medicine (PM) may spread unevenly to disadvantaged populations, such as Hispanics/Latinos.

    Authors: Juan R. Canedo, Consuelo H. Wilkins, Nicole Senft, Araceli Romero, Kemberlee Bonnet and David Schlundt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:603

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The number of stunted children has fallen globally but continues to increase in Africa. Stunting is estimated to contribute to 14–17% of child deaths under 5 years of age and is a risk factor for poor cognitiv...

    Authors: Erica Phillips, Francis Ngure, Laura E. Smith, Edna Makule, Paul C. Turner, Rebeca Nelson, Martin Kimanya, Rebecca Stoltzfus and Neema Kassim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:598

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Homelessness is a growing concern as it affects a large number of people worldwide. Individuals and families experiencing homelessness are vulnerable in terms of health and underutilise health services. Despit...

    Authors: Benedict Osei Asibey, Elizabeth Conroy and Brahmaputra Marjadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:594

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The persistently high prevalence of girl-child marriage remains a public health and developmental concern in Nigeria. Despite global campaign against the practice and policy efforts by Nigerian government, the...

    Authors: Jacob Wale Mobolaji, Adesegun O. Fatusi and Sunday A. Adedini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:583

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy is critical to the achievement of the third target of the UNAIDS Fast-Track Initiative goals of 2020–2030. Reliable, valid and accurate measurement of adherence are importan...

    Authors: Chris B. Agala, Bruce J. Fried, James C. Thomas, Heidi W. Reynolds, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Kathryn Whetten, Catherine Zimmer and Joseph P. Morrissey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:567

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Philippines, Indonesia, and Bangladesh are three high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries in Asia which account for 18% of the estimated global TB incidence (1.8 million) and 15% of TB related deaths (192,000)....

    Authors: Neeraj Kak, Krishnapada Chakraborty, Swati Sadaphal, Hala Jassim AlMossawi, Marianne Calnan and Begum Vikarunnessa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:560

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cambodia has targeted malaria elimination within its territory by 2025 and is developing a model elimination package of strategies and interventions designed to achieve this goal.

    Authors: Soy Ty Kheang, Siv Sovannaroth, Lawrence M. Barat, Lek Dysoley, Bryan K. Kapella, Ly Po, Sokomar Nguon, John Gimnig, Rida Slot, Top Samphornarann, Seak Kong Meng, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Hala Jassim AlMossawi, Colleen Longacre and Neeraj Kak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:544

    Content type: Technical advance

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  35. Gender-based violence (GBV) often occurs in resource-limited settings such as Ethiopia. It could result in psychological and physical adverse outcomes such as stress, anxiety, depression, unsafe abortion, unwa...

    Authors: Temesgen Tantu, Sintayehu Wolka, Muluken Gunta, Million Teshome, Hangatu Mohammed and Bereket Duko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  36. During pregnancy or lactating, adequate nutrition for adolescents becomes critical to reduce risks for both child and maternal-related morbidity and mortality. Power dynamics play a massive role in health outc...

    Authors: Charles O. Opiyo, David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The emergence and spread of pathogenic bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics has become a major public health concern. The incorrect prescription, inappropriate consumption and excess use of antimicrobial ...

    Authors: Samer Sakr, Ali Ghaddar, Bassam Hamam and Imtithal Sheet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In Perú, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite widespread access to treatment, the high rate of new HIV infections has remained unchanged over the last decade. Low knowledge o...

    Authors: Alexander Lankowski, Hugo Sánchez, José Hidalgo, Robinson Cabello and Ann Duerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Approximately 66% of children under the age of 5 in Sub-Saharan African countries do not reach their full cognitive potential, the highest percentage in the world. Because the majority of studies investigating...

    Authors: Fabrizio Drago, Rebecca J. Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Emanuel Nyathi, Tjale C. Mahopo, Erling Svensen, Estomih Mduma, Pascal Bessong and Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Fall is a major public health problem and potentially disabling issue. A vast burden of visually impaired live in low-middle income countries particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Limited ability to detect envir...

    Authors: Moges Gashaw, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Amare Minyihun, Gashaw Jember and Kedir Sany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In Nicaragua, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, primarily using self-sampling, was introduced between 2014 and 2018 in three provinces. We an...

    Authors: Francesca Holme, Francisco Maldonado, Orlando B. Martinez-Granera, Jose Maria Rodriguez, Juan Almendarez, Rose Slavkovsky, Pooja Bansil, Kerry A. Thomson, Jose Jeronimo and Silvia de Sanjose

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In Kenya, unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal deaths in adolescent girls aged 15–19 years, and a majority did not use a modern contraceptive before becoming pregnant. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Miranda Håkansson, Stephanie Super, Monica Oguttu and Marlene Makenzius

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Improving the coverage of antenatal care is regarded as an important strategy to reduce the risks of maternal and child mortality in low income settings like Gambia. Nonetheless, a large number of countries in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Over one third of deaths in Zambian health facilities involve someone who has already died before arrival (i.e., Brough in Dead), and in most BiD cases, the CoD have not been fully analyzed. Therefore, this st...

    Authors: Yuta Yokobori, Jun Matsuura, Yasuo Sugiura, Charles Mutemba, Martin Nyahoda, Chomba Mwango, Lloyd Kazhumbula, Motoyuki Yuasa and Clarence Chiluba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Cancer incidence in Malaysia is expected to double by 2040. Understanding cancer awareness is important in order to tailor preventative efforts and reduce the cancer burden. The objective of this research was ...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Roshidi Ismail, Michael Donnelly, Christopher R. Cardwell and Tin Tin Su

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  46. To reduce the prevalence of anemia, the Indian government recommends daily iron and folic acid supplements (iron supplements) for pregnant women and weekly iron supplements for adolescents and all women of rep...

    Authors: Erica Sedlander, Michael W. Long, Satyanarayan Mohanty, Ashita Munjral, Jeffrey B. Bingenheimer, Hagere Yilma and Rajiv N. Rimal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  47. KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Initiative for breastfeeding support (KIBS) was a multipronged intervention to support the initiation and sustaining of breastfeeding, implemented between 2014 and 2017. We present results ...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, I. Engebretsen, C. Connolly, A. Coutsoudis and L. Spies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Child and adolescent injury is one of the leading causes of child death globally with a large proportion occurring in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Similarly, the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR)...

    Authors: Samar Al-Hajj, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Farah Daoud, Ibrahim Khalil, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Randa R. Hamadeh and Ali Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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