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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 16

  1. Despite the many HIV testing models implemented in Africa, the level of HIV testing uptake remains relatively poor, especially among men. The HIV self-testing (HIVST) model offers an additional approach for en...

    Authors: Mbuzeleni Hlongwa, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson, Sizwe Makhunga, Claudine Muraraneza and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Of all lifestyle behaviours, smoking caused the most deaths in the last century. Because of the time lag between the act of smoking and dying from smoking, and because males generally take up smoking before fe...

    Authors: Maarten Wensink, Jesús-Adrián Alvarez, Silvia Rizzi, Fanny Janssen and Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  3. “Active aging” is an inclusive term and has been defined from a variety of aspects in different domains throughout the literature. The aim of this review was to identify those aspects that play significant rol...

    Authors: Azadeh Lak, Parichehr Rashidghalam, Phyo K. Myint and Hamid R. Bradaran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising rapidly in middle-income countries (MICs), where NCDs are often undiagnosed, untreated and uncontrolled. How comorbidity impacts diagnosis, treatment, a...

    Authors: Grace Sum, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Stewart W. Mercer, Lim Yee Wei, Azeem Majeed, Brian Oldenburg and John Tayu Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:9

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a worldwide public health problem. One of the most frequent forms of this type of violence in western societies is psychological IPVAW. According to the Europ...

    Authors: Manuel Martín-Fernández, Enrique Gracia and Marisol Lila

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1739

    Content type: Research article

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  6. While PWID of Puerto Rican origin have been migrating to the US for decades, the range of factors influencing their migration to the US and the resources they draw on to do so are not well understood. This is ...

    Authors: R. Abadie, P. Habecker, C. Gelpi-Acosta and K. Dombrowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1710

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Misuse and dependency of opioids especially codeine-containing products is of increasing global concern. Inappropriate use of opioids among healthcare students could affect quality of service and ethical condu...

    Authors: Wuraola Akande-Sholabi, Rasaq Adisa, Olayinka S. Ilesanmi and Ayomide E. Bello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1709

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In Ethiopia, 12.5% of children below 5 years are wasted, and 9.7% are moderately wasted. The present strategy for the management of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) is a supplementary feeding program; however...

    Authors: Debritu Nane, Anne Hatløy, Elazar Tadesse and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1689

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Despite policy intention to reach disadvantaged populations, inequalities in health care resource use and health outcomes persist in Nepal. The current study aimed to investigate the trend of full vaccination ...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Dinesh Dharel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1673

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable groups to zinc deficiency. Despite the presence of few primary studies, studies that could provide strong evidence that would help policymakers to develop ap...

    Authors: Kidanemaryam Berhe, Freweini Gebrearegay and Hadush Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1663

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There is a general lack of research on children’s household experiences and child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study examines the relationship between household composition...

    Authors: Oleosi Ntshebe, Andrew Amos Channon and Victoria Hosegood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1621

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Despite the almost universal adoption of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of sick children under the age of five in low- and middle-income countries,...

    Authors: Emma Clarke-Deelder, Gil Shapira, Hadia Samaha, György Bèla Fritsche and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1608

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential impact of a community-based intervention - the Healthy Kitchens, Healthy Children (HKHC) intervention - on participating women’s household’s economics and ...

    Authors: Nadine R. Sahyoun, Zeina Jamaluddine, Jowel Choufani, Sandra Mesmar, Amelia Reese-Masterson and Hala Ghattas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1590

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The prevention of unplanned pregnancy among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is critical for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Of the prevention strategies, d...

    Authors: Yibeltal Bimrew Kebede, Tesfahun Taddege Geremew, Yohannes Mehretie, Ayenew Negesse Abejie, Liknaw Bewket and Endalkachew Dellie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1584

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Adolescence is a critical time of development and nutritional status in adolescence influences both current and future adult health outcomes. However, data on adolescent nutritional status is limited in low-re...

    Authors: Margaret Lillie, Isaac Lema, Sylvia Kaaya, Dori Steinberg and Joy Noel Baumgartner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1582

    Content type: Research article

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  16. That there is a relationship between human rights and health is well established and frequently discussed. However, actions intended to take account of the relationship between human rights and social determin...

    Authors: Fiona Haigh, Lynn Kemp, Patricia Bazeley and Neil Haigh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1571

    Content type: Correspondence

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  17. Despite the present HIV preventive and treatment programs, the prevalence of HIV is still high in eastern and southern Africa, among young women and populations at high.

    Authors: Theodora Mbunda, Edith A. M. Tarimo, Muhammad Bakari, Eric Sandström and Asli Kulane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1537

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Discrimination is a major driver of health disparities among minority groups and can impede the reach of public health programs. In the Dominican Republic, residents of bateyes, or agricultural ‘company towns,’ o...

    Authors: Hunter M. Keys, Gregory S. Noland, Madsen Beau De Rochars, Thomas H. Taylor, Stephen Blount and Manuel Gonzales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1513

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Measles and oral polio vaccinations may reduce child mortality to an extent that cannot be explained by prevention of measles and polio infections; these vaccines seem to have beneficial non-specific effects. ...

    Authors: A. Varma, A. K. G. Jensen, S. M. Thysen, L. M. Pedersen, P. Aaby and A. B. Fisker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1506

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are critical to prevent child undernutrition. Despite the occurrence of child undernutrition and widespread suboptimal feeding practices in Malawi, the...

    Authors: Christine N. Walters, Hasina Rakotomanana, Joel J. Komakech and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1503

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are a major global contributor to disability. Evidence suggests entrenched cyclical links between disability and poverty, although few data are available on the link of povert...

    Authors: Islay Mactaggart, Nay Soe Maung, Cho Thet Khaing, Hannah Kuper and Karl Blanchet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1502

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Globally, the magnitude of maternal mortality is the major public health problem. Nearly all (99%) of maternal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Of which 66% occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Instit...

    Authors: Eskezaiw Abebe, Abdu Seid, Getnet Gedefaw, Zelalem T. Haile and Gillian Ice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1472

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Malaria and tetanus infections among pregnant women represent two major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. Optimum use of Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrim...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1467

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Very few postpartum women want to become pregnant within the next 2 years, but approximately 60% of postpartum women in low- and middle-income countries are not using contraceptive methods. The World Health Or...

    Authors: Linnea A. Zimmerman, Yuanyuan Yi, Mahari Yihdego, Solomon Abrha, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme and Saifuddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1448

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In Ethiopia, malaria infections and other complications during pregnancy contribute to the high burden of maternal morbidity and mortality. Preventive measures are available, however little is known about the ...

    Authors: Mariame Ouedraogo, Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe, Ronald Labonté, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Muluemebet Abera, Beth K. Potter, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1443

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Home-based HIV testing and counselling (HB-HTC) is frequently used to increase awareness of HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas acceptance of HB-HTC is usually high, testing coverage may remain low due t...

    Authors: Niklaus Daniel Labhardt, Isaac Ringera, Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Alain Amstutz, Thomas Klimkait, Josephine Muhairwe and Tracy Renee Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although public-private partnerships have become common in the health sector, the evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited, and when the products or services provided by the private partner are harmf...

    Authors: Lucy A. Parker, Gustavo A. Zaragoza and Ildefonso Hernández-Aguado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1438

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Childhood stunting is the most common manifestation of chronic malnutrition. A growing body of literature indicates that stunting can have negative repercussions on physical and cognitive development. There ar...

    Authors: Nathaly Aguilera Vasquez and Jana Daher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1419

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of a 90% reduction in neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) by 2030 requires innovative control strategies.

    Authors: Felix Lankester, Alicia Davis, Safari Kinung’hi, Jonathan Yoder, Catherine Bunga, Shayo Alkara, Imam Mzimbiri, Sarah Cleaveland and Guy H. Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1398

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia remains high in pregnant women and the situation may be worse for pregnant adolescents. This study aimed to comparatively analyse the trends and determinants of anaemi...

    Authors: Millicenta K. M. Ampiah, Jerry J. Kovey, Charles Apprey and Reginald A. Annan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1379

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Anemia remains a public health challenge in Ethiopia, affecting an estimated 56% of children under age 5 years, 23% of women of reproductive age and 18% of adult men. However, anemia etiology and the relative ...

    Authors: Amare Worku Tadesse, Elena C. Hemler, Christopher Andersen, Simone Passarelli, Alemayehu Worku, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Yemane Berhane and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1369

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Disaster citizen science, or the use of scientific principles and methods by “non-professional” scientists or volunteers, may be a promising way to enhance public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) and build...

    Authors: Ramya Chari, Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers, Sohaela Amiri, Mary Leinhos, Virginia Kotzias, Jaime Madrigano, Erin V. Thomas, Eric G. Carbone and Lori Uscher-Pines

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1356

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To reduce the under-five mortality (U5M), fine-gained spatial assessment of the effects of health interventions is critical because national averages can obscure important sub-national disparities. In turn, su...

    Authors: Betty B. Nambuusi, Julius Ssempiira, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Jürg Utzinger, Simon Kasasa and Penelope Vounatsou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1330

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionally vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) harms. In western Kenya, where unprotected transactional sex is common, young females face higher...

    Authors: Garazi Zulaika, Daniel Kwaro, Elizabeth Nyothach, Duolao Wang, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Linda Mason, Alie Eleveld, Tao Chen, Emily Kerubo, Annemieke van Eijk, Cheryl Pace, David Obor, Jane Juma, Boaz Oyaro, Louis Niessen, Godfrey Bigogo…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1317

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Though Ethiopia achieved the fourth Millennium Development Goal, commit to reducing under five child mortalities by the year 2015, but perinatal mortality has remained a major public health problem in Ethiopia...

    Authors: Berhanu Teshome Woldeamanuel and Kumachew Kusse Gelebo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1301

    Content type: Research article

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  36. We aim to test the effectiveness of the EmpaTeach intervention to prevent physical violence from teachers to students in Nyarugusu Refugee Camp, Tanzania. EmpaTeach is a 10-week, 14-session, classroom manageme...

    Authors: Karen M. Devries, Camilla Fabbri, Elizabeth Allen, Vivien Barongo, Elizabeth Shayo, Giulia Greco, Michael Kaemingk, Mary Qiu, Rachel Steinacher, Wietse Tol and Katherine Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Global warming has reduced the adaptability of the people living in subtropical regions to cope up with cold stress due to lengthening of hot days and shortening of transition period from hot to cold weather. ...

    Authors: Hung Chak Ho, Man Sing Wong, Sawaid Abbas and Rui Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1290

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Human activity and the interaction between health conditions and activity is a critical part of understanding the overall function of individuals. The World Health Organization’s International Classification o...

    Authors: Denis Newman-Griffis, Julia Porcino, Ayah Zirikly, Thanh Thieu, Jonathan Camacho Maldonado, Pei-Shu Ho, Min Ding, Leighton Chan and Elizabeth Rasch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1288

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. Current data suggest that approximately 466 million people (5.0%) of the world’s population have disabling hearing loss, therefrom, 34 million children, impacting their quality of life. To provide estimates on...

    Authors: C. Schmucker, P. Kapp, E. Motschall, J. Loehler and J. J. Meerpohl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1277

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Individual behavior change is a critical ingredient in efforts to improve global health. Central to the focus on behavior has been a growing understanding of how the human brain makes decisions, from motivatio...

    Authors: Alison M. Buttenheim, Michael Z. Levy, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Molly McGuire, Amparo M. Toledo Vizcarra, Lina M. Mollesaca Riveros, Julio Meza, Katty Borrini-Mayori, Cesar Naquira, Jere Behrman and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1272

    Content type: Technical advance

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  41. Although hepatitis B vaccinations have been integrated in the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) in India over a decade, only half of the children are immunized against hepatitis B. The national average in h...

    Authors: Junaid Khan, Apurba Shil and Sanjay K. Mohanty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1263

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Human capital (the knowledge, skills, and health that accumulate over life) can be optimized by investments in early childhood to promote cognitive and language development. Parents and caregivers play a cruci...

    Authors: Esther O. Chung, Lia C. H. Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana and Ann M. Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1256

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Under-five mortality is still a major health issue in many developing countries like Tanzania. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending preventable child deaths in Tanzania, a detailed unde...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Osita Kingsley Ezeh, Akorede O. Awosemo, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Lawrence Tan, Emmanuel Jessa, Deborah Charwe and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1243

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Physical activity (PA) can be a mechanism that develops emotions. Emotional intelligence (EI) is related to significant public health and psychological benefits. However, there is little information about the ...

    Authors: Jorge Acebes-Sánchez, Ignacio Diez-Vega, Sara Esteban-Gonzalo and Gabriel Rodriguez-Romo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1241

    Content type: Research article

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