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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 13

  1. Content type: Research article

    As high stigmatization of HIV and relatively low knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention measures persist in Sub-Saharan Africa, the improvement of HIV-related knowledge, and the evaluation of which types...

    Authors: Lena Faust and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1254

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin produced by fungi that commonly contaminates cereal crops across sub-Saharan Africa, has been associated with impaired child growth. We investigated the impact of aflatoxin e...

    Authors: Sinead Watson, Sophie E. Moore, Momodou K. Darboe, Gaoyun Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yi-Ting Huang, Kamilla G. Eriksen, Robin M. Bernstein, Andrew M. Prentice, Christopher P. Wild, Ya Xu, Michael N. Routledge and Yun Yun Gong

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1247

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality remains a tragedy and a key determinant for child survival. There is increasing evidence that the hazard ratio of demising for young children escalates after the death of their mothers, but ...

    Authors: Boikhutso Tlou, Benn Sartorius and Frank Tanser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1237

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite their potential health and social benefits, adoption and use of improved cookstoves has been low throughout much of the world. Explanations for low adoption rates of these technologies include prices that...

    Authors: Katherine L. Dickinson, Maxwell Dalaba, Zachary S. Brown, Rex Alirigia, Evan R. Coffey, Elise Mesenbring, Manies Achazanaga, Desmond Agao, Moro Ali, Ernest Kanyomse, Julius Awaregya, Clifford Amoah Adagenera, John Bosco A. Aburiya, Bernard Gubilla, Abraham Rexford Oduro and Michael P. Hannigan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1209

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Malaria incidence has been steadily declining in Cambodia, where the government is aiming to eliminate malaria by 2025. Successful malaria elimination requires active engagement and participation of communitie...

    Authors: Junko Yasuoka, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Keiko Nanishi, Po Ly, Boukheng Thavrin, Tsutomu Omatsu and Tetsuya Mizutani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1206

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  6. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to explore the effects of (body mass index) BMI on health related quality of life (HRQoL) among the elderly in Jiangsu, China.

    Authors: Hua You, Xiao-lu Li, Kang-zhen Jing, Zhi-guang Li, Hong-mei Cao, Jin Wang, Lan Bai, Jing-hong Gu, Xiaoman Fan and Hai Gu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1174

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The available literature suggests that there are significant differences in maternal mortality according to maternal origin in high income countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the risk of mat...

    Authors: V Blagoeva Atanasova, J Arevalo-Serrano, E Antolin Alvarado and Santiago García-Tizón Larroca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1171

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Estimating the prevalence of child maltreatment is challenging due to the absence of a clear ‘gold standard’ as to what constitutes maltreatment. This systematic review aims to review studies using self-report...

    Authors: Gwenllian Moody, Rebecca Cannings-John, Kerenza Hood, Alison Kemp and Michael Robling

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1164

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Studies from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) document how barriers to ART adherence present additional complications among adolescents and young adults living with HIV. We qualitatively explored barriers to ART adher...

    Authors: Sarah MacCarthy, Uzaib Saya, Clare Samba, Josephine Birungi, Stephen Okoboi and Sebastian Linnemayr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1158

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency disorder is the leading cause of mental retardation and poor economic performance in developing countries. Worldwide, universal salt iodization has been implemented to eliminate iodine defici...

    Authors: Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Sisay Eshete, Yitbarek Wasihun, Mastewal Arefaynie and Nigus Cherie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1152

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  11. Content type: Research article

    While critically important, child sexual violence (CSV) research poses numerous ethical and safety challenges. Recently, the studies dedicated to understanding and addressing CSV in India have been on the rise...

    Authors: Radhika Dayal, Ameeta S. Kalokhe, Vikas Choudhry, Divya Pillai, Klaus Beier and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1144

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Water insecurity is linked to depression in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), though it remains unclear how geospatial clustering of water insecurity in rural regions is associated with risk for depres...

    Authors: Christine E Cooper-Vince, Hawk Arachy, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Rumbidzai C Mushavi, Charles Baguma, Amy Q McDonough, David R Bangsberg and Alexander C Tsai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1143

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Infectious disease screening of migrants at increased risk is a feature of national infection prevention and control measures. Asylum seekers in Finland are offered screening of tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis B,...

    Authors: Paula Tiittala, Karolina Tuomisto, Taneli Puumalainen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jukka Ollgren, Olli Snellman and Otto Helve

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1139

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The previously-named Mexico City Policy (MCP) — which prohibited non U.S.-based non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from receiving U.S. family planning (FP) funding if they advocated, provided, counseled, or...

    Authors: Jennifer Sherwood, Alana Sharp, Brian Honermann, Caitlin Horrigan, Meghna Chatterjee, Austin Jones, Chloe Cooney and Greg Millett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1116

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  15. Content type: Research article

    South Africa has implemented a community health programme delivered by community health workers (CHWs) to strengthen primary healthcare services. Provision of community Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) servi...

    Authors: Nireshni Naidoo, Jean P. Railton, Sellina N. Khosa, Nthabiseng Matlakala, Gert Marincowitz, James A. McIntyre, Helen E. Struthers, Jude Igumbor and Remco P. H. Peters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1099

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Globally, more than 90% of women during the first year of postpartum period want to either delay or avoid future pregnancies. The first year postpartum period is more crucial time to use modern contraceptives ...

    Authors: Aregahegn Dona, Muluemebet Abera, Tsedach Alemu and Dawit Hawaria

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1100

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Timely interventions in the postnatal period are important for reducing newborn mortality, and early home visits to provide postnatal care are recommended. There has been limited success in achieving timely vi...

    Authors: Yared Amare, Pauline Scheelbeek, Joanna Schellenberg, Della Berhanu and Zelee Hill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1074

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  18. Content type: Debate

    The World Health Organization prioritises a more holistic global response to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2030. Based on experiences in the HIV response, social protection, and in particular cash tran...

    Authors: William E. Rudgard, Daniel J. Carter, James Scuffell, Lucie D. Cluver, Nicole Fraser-Hurt and Delia Boccia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1052

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The causes of birth defects (BDs) are complex and include genetic and environmental factors and/or their interactions. More research is needed to describe the epidemiology of BDs within specific regions of Chi...

    Authors: Jichang Chen, Xuemei Huang, Bo Wang, Yu Zhang, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Dingyuan Zeng, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Chawla Sanjay and Eric McGrath

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1008

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Despite some improvements towards reducing hunger, malnutrition remains to be a crucial challenge in the developing world. The objective of this paper is to analyze the interplay between production diversity a...

    Authors: Habtamu Yesigat Ayenew, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Lena Schickramm, Getachew Abate-Kassa and Johannes Sauer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:988

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1077

  21. Content type: Debate

    With 244 million international migrants, and significantly more people moving within their country of birth, there is an urgent need to engage with migration at all levels in order to support progress towards ...

    Authors: Kolitha Wickramage, Jo Vearey, Anthony B. Zwi, Courtland Robinson and Michael Knipper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:987

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the morbidity profile and the sociodemographic characteristics of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) arriving in the region of Bavaria, Germany, between October 2014 and Februar...

    Authors: Teresa Kloning, Thomas Nowotny, Martin Alberer, Michael Hoelscher, Axel Hoffmann and Guenter Froeschl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:983

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The evidence on the economic burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) remains scarce. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review to establish the magnitude and kn...

    Authors: Adrian Gheorghe, Ulla Griffiths, Adrianna Murphy, Helena Legido-Quigley, Peter Lamptey and Pablo Perel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:975

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Young adult (aged 20–34) males experience higher mortality than females, and in age groups immediately younger and older, and with considerable variation in death rates over time. Trends in mortality and the c...

    Authors: Richard Taylor, Andrew Page, Alex Wodak, Michael Dudley, Sonali Munot and Stephen Morrell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:965

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Many low- and middle-income countries are facing a double burden of disease with persisting high levels of infectious disease, and an increasing prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD). Within these setti...

    Authors: Carren Ginsburg, Philippe Bocquier, Donatien Béguy, Sulaimon Afolabi, Kathleen Kahn, David Obor, Frank Tanser, Andrew Tomita, Marylene Wamukoya and Mark A. Collinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:918

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  26. Content type: Research article

    A higher vegetable intake plays an important role in promoting general health and well-being, but there is a dearth of data on the independent effect of vegetable intake on health-related quality of life (HR-Q...

    Authors: Fusta Azupogo, Judith A. Seidu and Yakubu Balma Issaka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:920

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Over one million Syrian asylum seekers have travelled to Greece with the ultimate aim of reaching other countries in western Europe. Depression prevalence and associated sociodemographic and displacement chara...

    Authors: Danielle N. Poole, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Shirley Liao, Nathaniel A. Raymond and Till Bärnighausen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:908

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has been experiencing a high prevalence of communicable diseases, which resulted in high morbidity, mortality, and hospital admission rates. One of the highest contributing factors for this is lower l...

    Authors: Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Animut Alebel, Ayenew Negesse, Getachew Mengistu, Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn, Henok Mulugeta, Bekele Tesfaye, Nakachew Mekonnen Alamirew, Fasil Wagnew, Yihalem Abebe Belay, Aster Ferede, Mezinew Sintayehu, Getnet Dessie, Dube Jara Boneya, Molla Yigzaw Birhanu and Getiye Dejenu Kibret

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:901

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Statistics indicate that Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality. It is however estimated that there is high rate of perinatal mortality although there is scarcity of data due to a la...

    Authors: Elias Merdassa Roro, Mitike Molla Sisay and Lynn M. Sibley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:888

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged political instability may have exacerbated gender inequitable beliefs in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The aim of this study was to assess attitudes related to gender-equitable norms and it...

    Authors: Hendrew Lusey, Miguel San Sebastian, Monica Christianson and Kerstin E. Edin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:887

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia is common among pregnant women, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While body mass index (BMI) relates to many risk factors for anaemia in pregnancy, little is known about the dire...

    Authors: Martina Mocking, Ary I. Savitri, Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal, Dwirani Amelia, Edward Antwi, Mohammad Baharuddin, Diederick E. Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Joyce L. Browne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:873

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Social determinants are known to be a driving force of health inequalities, even in high income countries. Aim of our study was to determine if these factors can limit antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, outc...

    Authors: Annalisa Saracino, Mauro Zaccarelli, Patrizia Lorenzini, Alessandra Bandera, Giulia Marchetti, Francesco Castelli, Andrea Gori, Enrico Girardi, Cristina Mussini, Paolo Bonfanti, Adriana Ammassari and Antonella d’Arminio Monforte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:870

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  33. Content type: Research article

    South Africa introduced medical male circumcision (MMC) to reduce HIV incidence. Mathematical modeling suggested that targeting MMC services to men aged 20–34 years could provide the most immediate impact on H...

    Authors: Jonathan M. Grund, Candice M. Chetty-Makkan, Sibuse Ginindza, Reuben Munyai, Helen Kisbey-Green, Mpho Maraisane and Salome Charalambous

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:868

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic inequalities in access to maternal health care have received more attention as it challenges the sustainability of the ongoing achievement in reducing maternal mortality. By promoting access to m...

    Authors: Ngan Do, Huong Thi Giang Tran, Alay Phonvisay and Juhwan Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:875

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The major drawback of the community-based mass drug administration (MDA) approach against schistosomiasis is that treatment is offered blindly without testing for the targeted infection. This partly contribute...

    Authors: Humphrey D. Mazigo, John H. Amuasi, Isaac Osei and Safari M. Kinung’hi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:840

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACES) have been linked to poor health and well-being outcomes, including poor mental health such as psychological distress. Both ACEs and psychological distress pose a significan...

    Authors: Mercy Manyema, Shane A. Norris and Linda M. Richter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:835

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Iron-deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency globally. Due to the high iron requirements for pregnancy, it is highly prevalent and severe in pregnant women. There is strong evidence that maternal ...

    Authors: Tanvir M. Huda, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Shahreen Raihana, Sajia Islam, Tazeen Tahsina, Ashraful Alam, Kingsley Agho, Sabrina Rasheed, Alison Hayes, Mohd Anisul Karim, Qazi Sadequr Rahman, Abu Bakkar Siddique, Md Moinuddin, Morseda Chowdhury, Lucky Ghose, Kaosar Afsana…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:816

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Appraisal delay is the time a patient takes to consider a symptom as not only noticeable, but a sign of illness. The study’s objective was to determine the association between appraisal delay in seeking tuberc...

    Authors: Kyle Fluegge, LaShaunda L. Malone, Mary Nsereko, Brenda Okware, Christian Wejse, Hussein Kisingo, Ezekiel Mupere, W. Henry Boom and Catherine M. Stein

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:798

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The health of migrants has become an important issue in global health and foreign policy. Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in global migration health (GMH) is an important...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh, Kolitha Wickramage, Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Bayard Roberts, Ansam F. Sawalha and Saed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:777

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Despite increasing of the Belgian health expenditures, several indicators related to population health showed poor results. The objectives of this study were to perform an in-depth analysis of the secular tren...

    Authors: C. Maertens de Noordhout, H. Van Oyen, N. Speybroeck and B. Devleesschauwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:775

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has some of the highest prevalence of urogenital sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Pacific Asia, but to date, anorectal STI prevalence data do not exist, and diagnosis of anorect...

    Authors: Stephen Bell, Johanna Wapling, Sophie Ase, Ruthy Boli-Neo, Andrew J. Vallely, John M. Kaldor, Claire E. Nightingale and Angela Kelly-Hanku

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:776

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Stigma and discrimination remains a barrier to uptake of HIV/AIDS counselling and treatment as well as effective HIV reduction programmes. Despite ethnic diversity of Nigeria, studies on determinants of HIV st...

    Authors: Clifford O. Odimegwu, Olatunji Alabi, Nicole De Wet and Joshua O. Akinyemi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:763

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa remains one of the regions with modest health outcomes; and evidenced by high maternal mortality ratios and under-5 mortality rates. There are complications that occur during and following p...

    Authors: Henry V. Doctor, Sangwani Nkhana-Salimu and Maryam Abdulsalam-Anibilowo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:765

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Increasing the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to 50% in the first six months of life is one of six major global targets set by the United Nations Decade of Nutrition, and is essential to achieve the sus...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, IM Engebretsen, S. Phakathi, C. Connolly, A. Coutsoudis and L. Spies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:757

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage is being increasingly recognized globally as a fundamental violation of human rights. Child marriages occur globally in varying degrees across countries and regions. South Asia alone accounted f...

    Authors: Devika Mehra, Archana Sarkar, Priyanka Sreenath, Jagannath Behera and Sunil Mehra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:732

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