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Global health

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

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  1. Two devastating sequential hurricanes impacted Puerto Rico during September of 2017. The hurricanes were traumatic and created social and ecological upheaval throughout Puerto Rico, and subsequently in communi...

    Authors: D. Vega Ocasio, J. G. Pérez Ramos and T. D. V. Dye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1628

    Content type: Research in practice

    Published on:

  2. The Indian Ocean tsunami experience in 2004 caused a major loss of life and subsequent emotional trauma for survivors. Psychosocial needs in the aftermath of this disaster were extensive, yet the cohesion and ...

    Authors: R. Padmavati, Vijaya Raghavan, Heather Rera, Megan Kearns, Kotteeswara Rao, Sujit John and R. Thara

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1627

    Content type: Research in practice

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  3. Coverage of antenatal iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) and intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) remains low in many countries. Evidence on the most effective ways to incre...

    Authors: Siaka Koné, Jürg Utzinger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Daouda Dao and Günther Fink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1609

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Tailored and culturally appropriate latent tuberculosis (TB) infection screening and treatment programs, including interventions against TB stigma, are needed to reduce TB incidence in low TB incidence countri...

    Authors: Ineke Spruijt, Dawit Tesfay Haile, Susan van den Hof, Kathy Fiekert, Niesje Jansen, Degu Jerene, Eveline Klinkenberg, Ieva Leimane and Jeanine Suurmond

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1602

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Maternity waiting homes (MWHs), residential spaces for pregnant women close to obstetric care facilities, are being used to tackle physical barriers to access. However, their effectiveness has not been rigorou...

    Authors: Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Muluemebet Abera Wordofa, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Nicole Bergen, Getachew Kiros, Yisalemush Asefa, Shifera Asfaw, Abebe Mamo, Erko Endale, Kednapa Thavorn, Ronald Labonte, Monica Taljaard and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1593

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as an important barrier to timely vaccinations around the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, 1 in 4 children is not fully vaccinated. The objective of th...

    Authors: Lavanya Vasudevan, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Sara Moses, Esther Ngadaya, Sayoki Godfrey Mfinanga and Jan Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1573

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major infectious diseases that seriously endanger people’s health. In Shandong province, the relationship between the level of economic development and TB incidence has not been...

    Authors: Qian-yun Zhang, Dong-mei Yang, Lin-qing Cao, Jin-yue Liu, Ning-ning Tao, Yi-fan Li, Yao Liu, Wan-mei Song, Ting-ting Xu, Shi-jin Li, Qi-qi An, Si-qi Liu, Lei Gao, Wan-yan Song and Huai-chen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1557

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Adherence to regular outpatient visits is vital to managing noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), a growing burden in low and middle-income countries. We characterized visit adherence among patients with NCDs in ru...

    Authors: Lily D. Yan, Dufens Pierre-Louis, Benito D. Isaac, Waking Jean-Baptiste, Serge Vertilus, Darius Fenelon, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Patricia L. Hibberd, Emelia J. Benjamin, Gene Bukhman and Gene F. Kwan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1545

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Perceived susceptibility to a disease threat (risk perception) can influence protective behaviour. This study aims to determine how exposure to information sources, knowledge and behaviours potentially influen...

    Authors: Maike Winters, Mohamed F. Jalloh, Paul Sengeh, Mohammad B. Jalloh, Zangin Zeebari and Helena Nordenstedt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1539

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In 2018, malnutrition contributed to 45% of all global cause of child death. These early child deaths were due to conditions that could either be prevented or treated with basic interventions. Hence, this stud...

    Authors: Absalat Serawit Negussie and Amare Worku Tadesse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1532

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Migration flows from Eastern Europe to Italy have been large and continue to grow. The purpose of this study was to examine the health status of a population of Moldovan migrant women, and their access to heal...

    Authors: Francesca Alice Vianello, Federica Zaccagnini, Carlo Pinato, Pietro Maculan and Alessandra Buja

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1502

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Malawi, numerous barriers may prevent women from accessing cervical cancer screening services — including social factors such as male partner involvement. We conducted surveys that included open- and closed...

    Authors: Samuel Lewis, Corrina Moucheraud, Devon Schechinger, Misheck Mphande, Ben Allan Banda, Hitler Sigauke, Paul Kawale, Kathryn Dovel and Risa M. Hoffman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1494

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Globally, neonatal and child mortality remains still high. Under-five mortality accounts for four-fifth of child and young adolescent deaths. In Ethiopia, though there has been a remarkable progress over the p...

    Authors: Hiluf Ebuy Abraha, Abate Bekele Belachew, Mohamedawel Mohammedniguss Ebrahim, Mengistu Hagazi Tequare, Mache Tsadik Adhana and Natnael Etsay Assefa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1465

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Relatively little is known about deaths from surgical conditions in low- and middle- income African countries. The prevalence of untreated surgical conditions in Malawi has previously been estimated at 35%, wi...

    Authors: Carlos Varela, Sven Young, Reinou S. Groen, Leonard Banza, Nyengo Mkandawire, Bente Elisabeth Moen and Asgaut Viste

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1456

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Zinc has a tremendous advantage to save the life of children. It reduces the mean duration of diarrhea and mortality due to diarrhea. Besides, it reduces the severity of the initial episode, and also it preven...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1447

    Content type: Research article

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  16. One of the most effective public health interventions in the world is immunization. However, some parents doubt its usefulness and safety. Many factors influence their decision to vaccinate, including their so...

    Authors: Perla Matta, Rayane El Mouallem, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit and Marie-Claude Fadous Khalife

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1439

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Under-five mortality (U5M) rates are among the health indicators of utmost importance globally. It is the goal 3 target 2.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals that is expected to be reduced to at least 25 pe...

    Authors: Justice Moses K. Aheto, Robert Yankson and Michael Give Chipeta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1428

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease and a severe public health issue. The incidence trends for type 1 diabetes (TIDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have rarely been studied on a global scale. We aimed t...

    Authors: Jinli Liu, Zhen-Hu Ren, Hua Qiang, Jine Wu, Mingwang Shen, Lei Zhang and Jun Lyu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1415

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Road traffic fatalities (RTF) is the 8th cause of mortality around the world. At the end of the Decade of Action, it would be of utmost importance to revisit our knowledge on the determinants of RTF. The aim o...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Rahmanian Haghighi, Mohammad Sayari, Sulmaz Ghahramani and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1413

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this study was to investigate if attitudes or behavioral beliefs about antiretroviral therapy (ART) influence ART adherence intention among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia.

    Authors: Jerry John Nutor, Jaime C. Slaughter-Acey, Shannon P. Marquez, Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili, Florence Momplaisir, Kelechi Elizabeth Oladimeji and Loretta S. Jemmott

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1410

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries. Self-collection testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) is an alternative form of cervical cancer screening that can be completed...

    Authors: Anna Gottschlich, Alvaro Rivera-Andrade, Kristin Bevilacqua, Audrey R. Murchland, Ergest Isak, Christian S. Alvarez, Gina Ogilvie, Thomas E. Carey, Mark Prince, Michael Dean, Carlos Mendoza-Montano and Rafael Meza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1406

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite increased prevention efforts, HIV remains the leading cause of death among adolescent girls and young women in South Africa. Although research indicates important determinants of HIV acquisition at the...

    Authors: Wendee M. Wechsberg, Felicia A. Browne, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Courtney Peasant Bonner, Alexandra M. Minnis, Laura Nyblade, Ilene S. Speizer, Brittni N. Howard, Bronwyn Myers and Khatija Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1403

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, many have flagged racial and ethnic differences in health outcomes in western countries as an urgent global public health priority. Kuwait has a unique demographic profile wi...

    Authors: Hala Hamadah, Barrak Alahmad, Mohammad Behbehani, Sarah Al-Youha, Sulaiman Almazeedi, Mohannad Al-Haddad, Mohammad H. Jamal and Salman Al-Sabah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1384

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Between 700 thousand and 1.2 million citizens of Tajikistan currently live in the Russian Federation, one of the only countries where the HIV epidemic continues to worsen. Given the previously reported barrier...

    Authors: Daniel J. Bromberg, Mary M. Tate, Kamiar Alaei, Saifuddin Karimov, Dilshod Saidi and Arash Alaei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1379

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An estimate of 2–3 million children under 5 die in the world annually due to vaccine-preventable disease. In Ethiopia, incomplete immunization accounts for nearly 16% of under-five mortality, and there is spat...

    Authors: Mequannent Sharew Melaku, Araya Mesfin Nigatu and Wondewossen Zemene Mewosha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1362

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Increasing numbers of young people living with HIV (YPLWH) have unaddressed mental health challenges. Such challenges are associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and high mortality. Few evi...

    Authors: Dorothy E. Dow, Blandina T. Mmbaga, John A. Gallis, Elizabeth L. Turner, Monica Gandhi, Coleen K. Cunningham and Karen E. O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1358

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In late 2015, the Sierra Leone government established the Comprehensive Program for Ebola Survivors (CPES) to improve the well-being of 3466 registered Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors. This case analysis o...

    Authors: Soumya Alva, Nicole Davis, Laurentiu Stan, Isotta Pivato and Jeffrey Sanderson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1346

    Content type: Research in practice

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  28. The UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module (CFM) assesses child functioning among children between 5 and 17 years of age. This study adapted and validated the CFM at the Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demo...

    Authors: Nukhba Zia, Mitchell Loeb, Dan Kajungu, Edward Galiwango, Marie Diener-West, Stephan Wegener, George Pariyo, Adnan A. Hyder and Abdulgafoor M. Bachani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1334

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe hemorrhagic disease caused by Ebola virus. Several outbreaks have been reported in Africa and often originated from remote agrarian communities where there are enormous mi...

    Authors: Abiodun Benjamin Idowu, Ifeoma Peace Okafor, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota and Tochi Joy Okwor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1321

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lack of physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for death and non-communicable disease. Despite this, more than one fourth of adults worldwide do not follow PA guidelines. As part of a feasibility study to tes...

    Authors: André Henriksen, Anne-Sofie Sand, Trygve Deraas, Sameline Grimsgaard, Gunnar Hartvigsen and Laila Hopstock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1300

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) are disproportionately impacted by HIV and may face barriers to HIV status disclosure with negative ramifications for HIV prevention and care. We eva...

    Authors: Abdulwasiu B. Tiamiyu, John Lawlor, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Manhattan E. Charurat, Charles Ekeh, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, George Eluwa, Julie A. Ake, Stefan D. Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak and Trevor A. Crowell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1282

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Village health workers (VHWs) in Bhutan play an all-encompassing role in supporting the health of their communities. Recent reports from the Bhutan Ministry of Health have indicated a sharp reduction in the nu...

    Authors: Sacha C. Hauc, Dolley Tshering, Josemari Feliciano, Agata M. P. Atayde, Layla M. Aboukhater, Kinley Dorjee, Tshering Dukpa, Pema Rinchen, Neema Yoezer, Casey M. Luc, Rup N. Adhikari, Kezang Lhamo and Kaveh Khoshnood

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1277

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Nutritional, epidemiological and demographic transitions have been associated with the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition globally. In Ethiopia, there has been no nationally representative investig...

    Authors: Kedir Y. Ahmed, Solomon Abrha, Andrew Page, Amit Arora, Solomon Shiferaw, Fentaw Tadese, Canaan Negash Seifu, Tebikew Yeneabat, Emana Alemu, Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Abdulaziz Seiko and Felix Akpojene Ogbo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1276

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Most newborn deaths occur among those of low birthweight (LBWt), due to prematurity &/or impaired fetal growth. Simple practices can substantially mitigate this risk. In low-income country settings where many ...

    Authors: Stephen Hodgins, Binamra Rajbhandari, Deepak Joshi, Bharat Ban, Subarna Khatry and Luke C. Mullany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1274

    Content type: Research article

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  35. International migration is a stressful process for which non-Western nations are a growing destination. However, little attention has been paid to the psychological well-being of international residents or the...

    Authors: Russell Miller, Ken Ing Cherng Ong, Suhyoon Choi, Akira Shibanuma and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1272

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Prior studies reported controversial results about the association between intestinal parasitic infections and childhood under-nutrition. We investigated the association of intestinal parasitic infections with...

    Authors: Amanuel Yoseph and Hunachew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1270

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Burns are a serious public health problem worldwide accounting for an estimated 265,000 deaths annually from fires alone. The vast majority (96%) of deaths from fire-related burns occur in low- and middle-inco...

    Authors: Ndung Ako Forbinake, Claude Stephan Ohandza, Karl Njuwa Fai, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Betrand Kealebong Asonglefac, Desmond Aroke and Gerard Beyiha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1269

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Gender-based violence is a globally recognized social problem impacting women and girls worldwide. Intimate partner violence (IPV) represents the most common form of gender-based violence. Among the countries ...

    Authors: Casey D. Xavier Hall and Dabney P. Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1260

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Global health education has attracted significant attention in recent years from academic institutions in developed countries. In India however, a recent analysis found that delivery of global health education...

    Authors: Shailendra Sawleshwarkar, Sanjay Zodpey and Joel Negin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1259

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Utilization of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial for better health outcomes among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). Nearly 30% of the 1.6 million PLHIV in Tanzania are not on t...

    Authors: Amon Exavery, John Charles, Asheri Barankena, Erica Kuhlik, Godfrey M. Mubyazi, Kassimu Tani, Amal Ally, Epifania Minja, Alison Koler, Levina Kikoyo and Elizabeth Jere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1251

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In African countries, including Angola, antenatal care (ANC) coverage is suboptimal and maternal mortality is still high due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. There is evidence of disparities ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Olanrewaju Oladimeji and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1243

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Providing universal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in remote Nepal remains challenging. We investigated WASH conditions and their association with children’s nutritional status, intestinal...

    Authors: Akina Shrestha, Jeanne Six, Dikshya Dahal, Sara Marks and Regula Meierhofer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1241

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Vasectomy is one of the highly effective and non-reversible types of long-term family planning methods for men. Ethiopia has a limited number of studies on the use of vasectomy, and they are focused on men rat...

    Authors: Jemila Nesro, Endalew Gemechu Sendo, Nete Tofik Yesuf and Yitagesu Sintayehu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1228

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In Ethiopia, there is a paucity of studies on inequality in caesarean section using methodologically rigorous and well-established approaches. In this study, we showed extent and the overtime dynamics of inequ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, Ghose Bishwajit and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1222

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Cartagena, Colombia’s main port on the Caribbean Coast, reported an HIV incidence of 7.5 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2007 with 90.0% transmission by heterosexual contact and 70 identified as women with a stable...

    Authors: M. C. Quevedo-Gómez, A. Krumeich, C. E. Abadía-Barrero and H. W. van den Borne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1208

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The assessment of disability in a population is an important part of public health management. In this article, we examine the psychometric properties and validation of the Polish version of the 12-item World ...

    Authors: Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Bernard Sozański, Hubert Kotarski, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska and Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1203

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Adolescents living with HIV (ALWH) who transition from pediatric to adult care face several challenges that increase their risk of experiencing treatment interruptions and being lost to HIV care with resultant...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Vincenzo Malo, Cameron Jones, Isha W. Metzger, Millicent Atujuna, Rebecca Marcus, Donaldson F. Conserve, Lara Handler and Linda-Gail Bekker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1195

    Content type: Research article

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  48. HIV/AIDS continues to be a major public health concern for children. Each day, worldwide, approximately 440 children became newly infected with HIV, and 270 children died from AIDS-related causes in 2018. Poor...

    Authors: Junko Yasuoka, Siyan Yi, Sumiyo Okawa, Sovannary Tuot, Makoto Murayama, Chantheany Huot, Pheak Chhoun, Sokunthea Yem, Kazuki Yuzuriha, Tetsuya Mizutani and Kimiyo Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1181

    Content type: Research article

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