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Global health

Section edited by Timothy Mackey and Zohra Lassi.

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health of populations in a global context which transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.

Page 1 of 16

  1. Discrimination is a major driver of health disparities among minority groups and can impede the reach of public health programs. In the Dominican Republic, residents of bateyes, or agricultural ‘company towns,’ o...

    Authors: Hunter M. Keys, Gregory S. Noland, Madsen Beau De Rochars, Thomas H. Taylor, Stephen Blount and Manuel Gonzales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1513

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Measles and oral polio vaccinations may reduce child mortality to an extent that cannot be explained by prevention of measles and polio infections; these vaccines seem to have beneficial non-specific effects. ...

    Authors: A. Varma, A. K. G. Jensen, S. M. Thysen, L. M. Pedersen, P. Aaby and A. B. Fisker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1506

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are critical to prevent child undernutrition. Despite the occurrence of child undernutrition and widespread suboptimal feeding practices in Malawi, the...

    Authors: Christine N. Walters, Hasina Rakotomanana, Joel J. Komakech and Barbara J. Stoecker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1503

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are a major global contributor to disability. Evidence suggests entrenched cyclical links between disability and poverty, although few data are available on the link of povert...

    Authors: Islay Mactaggart, Nay Soe Maung, Cho Thet Khaing, Hannah Kuper and Karl Blanchet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1502

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Globally, the magnitude of maternal mortality is the major public health problem. Nearly all (99%) of maternal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Of which 66% occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Instit...

    Authors: Eskezaiw Abebe, Abdu Seid, Getnet Gedefaw, Zelalem T. Haile and Gillian Ice

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1472

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Malaria and tetanus infections among pregnant women represent two major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. Optimum use of Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrim...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Komlan Kota, Amos Buh and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1467

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Very few postpartum women want to become pregnant within the next 2 years, but approximately 60% of postpartum women in low- and middle-income countries are not using contraceptive methods. The World Health Or...

    Authors: Linnea A. Zimmerman, Yuanyuan Yi, Mahari Yihdego, Solomon Abrha, Solomon Shiferaw, Assefa Seme and Saifuddin Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1448

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In Ethiopia, malaria infections and other complications during pregnancy contribute to the high burden of maternal morbidity and mortality. Preventive measures are available, however little is known about the ...

    Authors: Mariame Ouedraogo, Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe, Ronald Labonté, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Muluemebet Abera, Beth K. Potter, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon and Manisha A. Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1443

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Home-based HIV testing and counselling (HB-HTC) is frequently used to increase awareness of HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas acceptance of HB-HTC is usually high, testing coverage may remain low due t...

    Authors: Niklaus Daniel Labhardt, Isaac Ringera, Thabo Ishmael Lejone, Alain Amstutz, Thomas Klimkait, Josephine Muhairwe and Tracy Renee Glass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1441

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although public-private partnerships have become common in the health sector, the evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited, and when the products or services provided by the private partner are harmf...

    Authors: Lucy A. Parker, Gustavo A. Zaragoza and Ildefonso Hernández-Aguado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1438

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Childhood stunting is the most common manifestation of chronic malnutrition. A growing body of literature indicates that stunting can have negative repercussions on physical and cognitive development. There ar...

    Authors: Nathaly Aguilera Vasquez and Jana Daher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1419

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of a 90% reduction in neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) by 2030 requires innovative control strategies.

    Authors: Felix Lankester, Alicia Davis, Safari Kinung’hi, Jonathan Yoder, Catherine Bunga, Shayo Alkara, Imam Mzimbiri, Sarah Cleaveland and Guy H. Palmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1398

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia remains high in pregnant women and the situation may be worse for pregnant adolescents. This study aimed to comparatively analyse the trends and determinants of anaemi...

    Authors: Millicenta K. M. Ampiah, Jerry J. Kovey, Charles Apprey and Reginald A. Annan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1379

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anemia remains a public health challenge in Ethiopia, affecting an estimated 56% of children under age 5 years, 23% of women of reproductive age and 18% of adult men. However, anemia etiology and the relative ...

    Authors: Amare Worku Tadesse, Elena C. Hemler, Christopher Andersen, Simone Passarelli, Alemayehu Worku, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Yemane Berhane and Wafaie W. Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1369

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Disaster citizen science, or the use of scientific principles and methods by “non-professional” scientists or volunteers, may be a promising way to enhance public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) and build...

    Authors: Ramya Chari, Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers, Sohaela Amiri, Mary Leinhos, Virginia Kotzias, Jaime Madrigano, Erin V. Thomas, Eric G. Carbone and Lori Uscher-Pines

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1356

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To reduce the under-five mortality (U5M), fine-gained spatial assessment of the effects of health interventions is critical because national averages can obscure important sub-national disparities. In turn, su...

    Authors: Betty B. Nambuusi, Julius Ssempiira, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Jürg Utzinger, Simon Kasasa and Penelope Vounatsou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1330

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionally vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) harms. In western Kenya, where unprotected transactional sex is common, young females face higher...

    Authors: Garazi Zulaika, Daniel Kwaro, Elizabeth Nyothach, Duolao Wang, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Linda Mason, Alie Eleveld, Tao Chen, Emily Kerubo, Annemieke van Eijk, Cheryl Pace, David Obor, Jane Juma, Boaz Oyaro, Louis Niessen, Godfrey Bigogo…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1317

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Though Ethiopia achieved the fourth Millennium Development Goal, commit to reducing under five child mortalities by the year 2015, but perinatal mortality has remained a major public health problem in Ethiopia...

    Authors: Berhanu Teshome Woldeamanuel and Kumachew Kusse Gelebo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1301

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We aim to test the effectiveness of the EmpaTeach intervention to prevent physical violence from teachers to students in Nyarugusu Refugee Camp, Tanzania. EmpaTeach is a 10-week, 14-session, classroom manageme...

    Authors: Karen M. Devries, Camilla Fabbri, Elizabeth Allen, Vivien Barongo, Elizabeth Shayo, Giulia Greco, Michael Kaemingk, Mary Qiu, Rachel Steinacher, Wietse Tol and Katherine Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1295

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Global warming has reduced the adaptability of the people living in subtropical regions to cope up with cold stress due to lengthening of hot days and shortening of transition period from hot to cold weather. ...

    Authors: Hung Chak Ho, Man Sing Wong, Sawaid Abbas and Rui Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1290

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Human activity and the interaction between health conditions and activity is a critical part of understanding the overall function of individuals. The World Health Organization’s International Classification o...

    Authors: Denis Newman-Griffis, Julia Porcino, Ayah Zirikly, Thanh Thieu, Jonathan Camacho Maldonado, Pei-Shu Ho, Min Ding, Leighton Chan and Elizabeth Rasch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1288

    Content type: Correspondence

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  22. Current data suggest that approximately 466 million people (5.0%) of the world’s population have disabling hearing loss, therefrom, 34 million children, impacting their quality of life. To provide estimates on...

    Authors: C. Schmucker, P. Kapp, E. Motschall, J. Loehler and J. J. Meerpohl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1277

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Individual behavior change is a critical ingredient in efforts to improve global health. Central to the focus on behavior has been a growing understanding of how the human brain makes decisions, from motivatio...

    Authors: Alison M. Buttenheim, Michael Z. Levy, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Molly McGuire, Amparo M. Toledo Vizcarra, Lina M. Mollesaca Riveros, Julio Meza, Katty Borrini-Mayori, Cesar Naquira, Jere Behrman and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1272

    Content type: Technical advance

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  24. Although hepatitis B vaccinations have been integrated in the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) in India over a decade, only half of the children are immunized against hepatitis B. The national average in h...

    Authors: Junaid Khan, Apurba Shil and Sanjay K. Mohanty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1263

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Human capital (the knowledge, skills, and health that accumulate over life) can be optimized by investments in early childhood to promote cognitive and language development. Parents and caregivers play a cruci...

    Authors: Esther O. Chung, Lia C. H. Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana and Ann M. Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1256

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Under-five mortality is still a major health issue in many developing countries like Tanzania. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending preventable child deaths in Tanzania, a detailed unde...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Osita Kingsley Ezeh, Akorede O. Awosemo, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Lawrence Tan, Emmanuel Jessa, Deborah Charwe and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1243

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Physical activity (PA) can be a mechanism that develops emotions. Emotional intelligence (EI) is related to significant public health and psychological benefits. However, there is little information about the ...

    Authors: Jorge Acebes-Sánchez, Ignacio Diez-Vega, Sara Esteban-Gonzalo and Gabriel Rodriguez-Romo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1241

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Between 8 May 2018 and 27 May 2019, cumulatively there were 1286 deaths from Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The objective of this study was to estimate the monetary value ...

    Authors: Joses M. Kirigia, Rose Nabi Deborah Karimi Muthuri and Newton Gitonga Muthuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1218

    Content type: Research article

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  29. With the changes in environmental, medical technique, population structure and national health projects, human mortality rates have undergone great changes all over the world. According to “World Health Statis...

    Authors: Jicun Zhu, Lingling Cui, Kehui Wang, Chen Xie, Nan Sun, Fei Xu, Qixin Tang and Changqing Sun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:780

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Severe forms of malnutrition have drastic effects on childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. Although few studies have previously estimated treatment outcomes of severe ...

    Authors: Fasil Wagnew, Getenet Dessie, Wubet Worku Takele, Aster Tadesse, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Henok Mulugeta, Dessalegn Haile, Ayenew Negesse and Amanuel Alemu Abajobir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1175

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Vietnam has limited evidence about the burden of common and severe mental disorders among adults to inform policy. The aim of this paper was to estimate the prevalence of common and severe mental disorders amo...

    Authors: Trang Nguyen, Tuan Tran, Ha Tran, Thach Tran and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1173

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely acknowledged as a global health problem, yet in many parts of the world its magnitude is not well elucidated. A baseline assessment of the AMR prevalence is a priority ...

    Authors: Mohamed Moctar Mouliom Mouiche, Frédéric Moffo, Jane-Francis Tatah Kihla Akoachere, Ndode Herman Okah-Nnane, Nabilah Pemi Mapiefou, Valantine Ngum Ndze, Abel Wade, Félicité Flore Djuikwo-Teukeng, Dorine Godelive Tseuko Toghoua, Henri René Zambou, Jean Marc Kameni Feussom, Matthew LeBreton and Julius Awah-Ndukum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1135

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Approximately one billion children experience violence every year. Violence against children is an urgent global public health concern and violation of children’s rights. It is also a risk factor for serious n...

    Authors: Nambusi Kyegombe, Lena Morgon Banks, Susan Kelly, Hannah Kuper and Karen M. Devries

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1133

    Content type: Correspondence

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  34. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been shown to be associated with poor maternal healthcare utilisation and poor pregnancy outcomes. IPV can be seen both as the cause and result of low socioeconomic status a...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Nathali Gunawardena and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1131

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In 2014, Vietnam was the first Southeast Asian country to commit to achieving the World Health Organization’s 90–90-90 global HIV targets (90% know their HIV status, 90% on sustained treatment, and 90% virally...

    Authors: Lora L. Sabin, Katherine Semrau, Mary DeSilva, Loan T T Le, Jennifer J. Beard, Davidson H. Hamer, Jordan Tuchman, Theodore M. Hammett, Nafisa Halim, Manisha Reuben, Aldina Mesic and Taryn Vian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1130

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In South Africa, the occurrence of the double burden of malnutrition is on the rise at a household level predisposing children and their mothers to negative health outcomes. However, few studies have been cond...

    Authors: Perpetua Modjadji and Sphiwe Madiba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1087

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The reductions achieved in infant mortality in Japan are globally regarded as remarkable. However, no studies in Japan have classified infant mortality trends into neonatal and postneonatal or considered regio...

    Authors: Ai Tashiro, Honami Yoshida and Etsuji Okamoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1085

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The recent development of smoking cessation interventions for smokers with chronic diseases has focused heavily on brief interventions. However, these interventions are too brief to make an impact on these smo...

    Authors: William Ho Cheung Li, Ka Yan Ho, Katherine Ka Wai Lam, Man Ping Wang, Derek Yee Tak Cheung, Laurie Long Kwan Ho, Wei Xia and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1083

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Cancer outcomes vary widely among different countries. However, comparisons of cost-effectiveness and cost-efficiency of different systems are complex because the incidences of different cancers vary across co...

    Authors: Horace C. W. Choi, Ka-on Lam, Herbert H. M. Pang, Steven K. C. Tsang, Roger K. C. Ngan and Anne W. M. Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1065

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Inappropriate complementary feeding practices significantly contribute to undernutrition among children under 2 years of age in India. However, there is limited up-to-date evidence on the prevalence and factor...

    Authors: Mansi Vijaybhai Dhami, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Uchechukwu L. Osuagwu and Kingsley E. Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1034

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) is a marker that reflects the clinical outcome of cancer treatment. MIR as a prognostic marker is more accessible when compared with long-term follow-up survival surveys....

    Authors: Chi-Chih Wang, Ming-Chang Tsai, Shao-Chuan Wang, Cheng-Ming Peng, Hsiang-Lin Lee, Hsuan-Yi Chen, Tzu-Wei Yang, Chun-Che Lin and Wen-Wei Sung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1025

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Seasonal variation affects nutrition particularly in contexts where people’s food consumption depends on their production of food. Assessing the effect of the season on nutrition status can help us to identify...

    Authors: Lantonirina Ravaoarisoa, Julio Rakotonirina, Lalhyss Randriamanantsaina, Jean de Dieu Marie Rakotomanga, Michèle Wilmet Dramaix and Philippe Donnen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Heterosexual men in South Africa are a large key population to exposure to HIV, yet preferences for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among this population have not, to date, been investigated in the literat...

    Authors: Chih-Yuan Cheng, Matthew Quaife, Robyn Eakle, Maria A. Cabrera Escobar, Peter Vickerman and Fern Terris-Prestholt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:996

    Content type: Research article

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  44. HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) in Kenya is 18.2%. Despite scale-up of HIV testing services, many MSM remain unaware of their HIV status and thus do not benefit from accessing HIV treatment ...

    Authors: Parinita Bhattacharjee, Dorothy Rego, Helgar Musyoki, Marissa Becker, Michael Pickles, Shajy Isac, Robert Lorway, Janet Musimbi, Jeffrey Walimbwa, Kennedy Olango, Samuel Kuria, Martin Kyana Ongaro, Amy Sahai, Mary Mugambi, Faran Emmanuel, Sharmistha Mishra…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:986

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. In Ethiopian, the prevalence of anemia among preschool aged children widely varied across regions. Since anemia adversely affects the cognitive and physical development of the children, it is important to dete...

    Authors: Getabalew Engidaye, Mulugeta Melku, Aregawi Yalew, Zegeye Getaneh, Fikir Asrie and Bamlaku Enawgaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:968

    Content type: Research article

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