Skip to content


Environmental health

Section edited by Michelle Turner, Mahfuzar Rahman, David Stieb

This section aims to publish studies on the environmental correlates of health and disease.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    Life satisfaction is a cognitive and evaluative judgement of one’s outlook on life and an integral component of subjective wellbeing. There is a strong association between life satisfaction and mental and phys...

    Authors: Nikita B. Rajani, Vassilis Skianis and Filippos T. Filippidis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:534

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the persistent residue resulting from secondhand smoke (SHS) that accumulates in dust, objects, and on surfaces in homes where tobacco has been used, and is reemitted into air. Very li...

    Authors: E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Georg E. Matt, Eunha Hoh, Penelope J. E. Quintana, Lara Stone, Maegan A. Geraci, Chase A. Wullenweber, Gena N. Koutsounadis, Abigail G. Ruwe, Gabriel T. Meyers, Mark A. Zakrajsek, John K. Witry and Ashley L. Merianos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:491

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Indoor air pollution, including fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO), is a major risk factor for pneumonia and other respiratory diseases. Biomass-burning cookstoves are major contributors to ...

    Authors: Anne M. Weaver, Emily S. Gurley, Christina Crabtree-Ide, Henrik Salje, Eun-Hye Yoo, Lina Mu, Nasrin Akter and Pavani K. Ram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:425

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    This study explored the role of outdoor air pollution [nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2)] and indoor air quality (measured with damp or condensation and secondhand smoke exposures) at age 9 months ...

    Authors: Emily Midouhas, Theodora Kokosi and Eirini Flouri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:406

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite health benefits of sanitation, an estimated 12% of the global population practices open defecation, including an estimated 50% of the population of India. Current estimates, however, do not include hou...

    Authors: Bethany A. Caruso, Gloria D. Sclar, Parimita Routray, Fiona Majorin, Corey Nagel and Thomas Clasen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:322

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Few studies in China have examined personal ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure using polysulfone dosimetry.

    Authors: Michael G. Kimlin, Liwen Fang, Yajing Feng, Linhong Wang, Ling Hao, Jing Fan, Ning Wang, Fanwen Meng, Ruilan Yang, Shu Cong, Xiaofeng Liang, Baohua Wang, Martha Linet, Nancy Potischman, Cari Kitahara, Ann Chao…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:281

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Crude measures of exposure to indicate indoor air pollution have been associated with the increased risk for acquiring tuberculosis. Our study aimed to determine an association between childhood pulmonary tube...

    Authors: Nkosana Jafta, Prakash M. Jeena, Lars Barregard and Rajen N. Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:275

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    In the current context of climate change, climate forecasts for the province of Quebec (Canada) are a lengthening of the thunderstorm season and an increase in episodes of intense precipitations. These changes...

    Authors: Pierre Valois, Maxime Caron, Anne-Sophie Gousse-Lessard, Denis Talbot and Jean-Sébastien Renaud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:245

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Active travel to and from a transit station may provide significant amounts of physical activity and improve health. The ease with which people can traverse the distance to the transit station may impede or su...

    Authors: Abiodun O. Oluyomi, Gregory Knell, Casey P. Durand, Clara Mercader, Deborah Salvo, Ipek N. Sener, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Deanna M. Hoelscher and Harold W. Kohl

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:238

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare wastes (HCWs) are one of the most hazardous wastes globally; second to only radiation waste. HCW management needs to be prioritized because of the devastating effects on human health and environment...

    Authors: Solomon Tsebeni Wafula, Julian Musiime and Frederick Oporia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:203

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Study protocol

    The health impacts of community design have been studied extensively over the past two decades. In particular, public transportation use is associated with more walking between transit stops and shops, work, h...

    Authors: Lawrence D. Frank, Jennifer L. Kuntz, James E. Chapman, Eric H. Fox, John F. Dickerson, Richard T. Meenan, Brian E. Saelens, Deborah R. Young, Janne Boone-Heinonen and Stephen P. Fortmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:200

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    In low-income countries such as Nepal, indoor air pollution (IAP), generated by the indoor burning of biomass fuels, is the top-fourth risk factor driving overall morbidity and mortality. We present the first ...

    Authors: Saruna Ghimire, Shiva Raj Mishra, Abhishek Sharma, Adugna Siweya, Nipun Shrestha and Bipin Adhikari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:195

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), the odorless, colorless gas resulting from incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons, is preventable. Despite the significant risk of morbidity and mortality associated with CO po...

    Authors: Gina Oda, Russell Ryono, Cynthia Lucero-Obusan, Patricia Schirmer and Mark Holodniy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:190

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    In Xuan Wei, China, the lung cancer mortality rate is rising significantly more than that of the nation overall. However, it remains unclear 1) if improved diagnosis can just partially explain this observation...

    Authors: Jinhui Li, Wenbo Guo, Jinjun Ran, Robert Tang, Hualiang Lin, Xiao Chen, Bofu Ning, Jihua Li, Yongchun Zhou, Lung-Chi Chen, Linwei Tian and Yunchao Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:173

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    The ger (“tent city”) areas in Mongolia are a product of rapid urbanization and transitional economic development combine with lack of institutional, administrative and financial capacity of governments to cope w...

    Authors: Erdenechimeg Erdenebayar, Keilah Dos Santos, Alexjandria Edwards, Nyam-Osor Dugersuren, Chimedsuren Ochir and Jerome Nriagu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:163

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    The German cockroach, Blattella germanica, is one of the most challenging pests to eradicate from indoor environments. Professional pest control is often prohibitively expensive, prompting low-income residents to...

    Authors: Zachary C. DeVries, Richard G. Santangelo, Jonathan Crissman, Russell Mick and Coby Schal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:96

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Pit latrine operational management and sludge accumulation rate, presents a challenging sanitation problem in low-income urban settlements. However, these challenges have been under-researched. This study was ...

    Authors: Fredrick Owino Gudda, Wilkister Nyaora Moturi, Omondi Steve Oduor, Edward Wanee Muchiri and Jeroen Ensink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:68

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Vulnerable population groups in South Africa, especially those living in poverty, young children, women, the elderly and people with pre-existing diseases, are susceptible to new or exacerbated health threats ...

    Authors: Busisiwe Shezi, Angela Mathee, Wellington Siziba, Renée A. Street, Nisha Naicker, Zamantimande Kunene and Caradee Y. Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:54

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Carbon-monoxide (CO) poisoning is a substantial cause of preventable mortality. In Turkey, no nationwide data are being collected nowadays. In our study, we aimed to assess the trend in deaths related to CO ex...

    Authors: Günay Can, Uğurcan Sayılı, Özden Aksu Sayman, Ömer Faruk Kuyumcu, Duygu Yılmaz, Eren Esen, Eray Yurtseven and Ethem Erginöz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:9

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Although self-rated health (SRH) independently predicts mortality, the biological background of this association remains unexplained. This study aimed to examine the association between SRH and serum high-sens...

    Authors: Takashi Tamura, Mariko Naito, Kenta Maruyama, Mineko Tsukamoto, Tae Sasakabe, Rieko Okada, Sayo Kawai, Asahi Hishida and Kenji Wakai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1380

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Many youth and young adults experience high noise exposure compounded by lack of access to hearing health education. Although the need for hearing health education programs is evident, the efficacy of these pr...

    Authors: Khalid M. Khan, Sylvanna L. Bielko and Marjorie C. McCullagh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1286

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence suggests social disadvantage magnifies the harmful health effects of environmental hazards; however, there is limited research related to perceptions of risk among individuals who live near su...

    Authors: Kristen N. Arthur, Rhonda Spencer-Hwang, Synnøve F. Knutsen, David Shavlik, Samuel Soret and Susanne Montgomery

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1089

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Communities with large minority populations often are located near sources of pollution and have higher crime rates, which may work in combination with other factors to influence health. Poor self-rated health...

    Authors: Judy Y. Ou, Junenette L. Peters, Jonathan I. Levy, Roseann Bongiovanni, Alina Rossini and Madeleine K. Scammell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:970

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Numerous cross-sectional studies have consistently demonstrated an association between attributes of urban form or ‘walkability’ and individual- and population-level physical activity (PA) patterns. However, i...

    Authors: Patricia A. Collins, Justin Tait, Allan Fein and James R. Dunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:933

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    The built and natural environment and health are inextricably linked. However, there is considerable debate surrounding the strength and quality of the evidence base underpinning principles of good practice fo...

    Authors: E. L. Bird, J. O. Ige, P. Pilkington, A. Pinto, C. Petrokofsky and J. Burgess-Allen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:930

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    PM2.5 has become a major component of air pollution in China and has led to a series of health problems. The mortality rate caused by lung cancer has reached the point where it cannot be ignored in China. Air ...

    Authors: Qilong Cao, Guoqiang Rui and Ying Liang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:925

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Research on reproductive health effects on children from low-level, long-term exposure to pesticides currently used in the agricultural industry is limited and those on neurobehavioral effects have produced co...

    Authors: Shala Chetty-Mhlanga, Wisdom Basera, Samuel Fuhrimann, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Steven Delport, Mufaro Mugari, Jennifer Van Wyk, Martin Röösli and Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:857

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Achieving a shift from car use to walking, cycling and public transport in cities is a crucial part of healthier, more environmentally sustainable human habitats. Creating supportive active travel environments...

    Authors: A. K. Macmillan, H. Mackie, J. E. Hosking, K. Witten, M. Smith, A. Field, A. Woodward, R. Hoskins, J. Stewart, B. van der Werf and P. Baas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:850

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    In Norway, data on the association between second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure at home and respiratory symptoms in adults are limited.

    Authors: A. K. M. Fell, M. V. Svendsen, J.-L. Kim, R. Abrahamsen, P. K. Henneberger, K. Torén, P. D. Blanc and J. Kongerud

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:843

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a worldwide health problem. Allergen avoidance is strongly recommended for AR patients. Air purification can reduce concentrations of particles in indoor air, including those of aller...

    Authors: Qiao-yan Chen, Li Li, Li Zhang, Jin-han Mo, Zi-feng Yang, Xiao-lin Wei, Yun-ying Li, Ji-yan Xia, Xiao-bing Bai and Pei-fang Xie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:841

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests outdoor activity in green spaces is important for children’s mental, emotional and social wellbeing. A recognised green space intervention is “Social and Therapeutic Horticulture” (STH). We d...

    Authors: Anna Chiumento, Ipshita Mukherjee, Jaya Chandna, Carl Dutton, Atif Rahman and Katie Bristow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:836

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Neighborhood deprivation has been consistently linked to poor individual health outcomes; however, studies exploring the mechanisms involved in this association are scarce. The objective of this study was to i...

    Authors: M. Pia Chaparro, Michaela Benzeval, Elizabeth Richardson and Richard Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:801

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Communicating results to participants is a fundamental component of community-based participatory research (CBPR). However, in environmental exposure studies this is not always practiced, partly due to ethical...

    Authors: Luz Claudio, Jalisa Gilmore, Mohana Roy and Barbara Brenner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:784

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    People living on the banks of polluted rivers with yearly flooding lived in impoverished and physically unhealthy circumstances. However, they were reluctant to move or be relocated to other locations where be...

    Authors: Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Joke A. M. Hunfeld, Titi Sahidah Fitriana, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Sawitri S. Sadarjoen, Jan J. V. Busschbach and Jan Passchier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:782

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of the association of coal mining with health outcomes such as increased mortality and morbidity in the general population has been provided by epidemiological studies in the last 25 years. Given the ...

    Authors: Javier Cortes-Ramirez, Suchithra Naish, Peter D Sly and Paul Jagals

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:721

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to environmental heavy metals is common among African children. Although many of these metals are known neurotoxicants, to date, monitoring of this exposure is limited, even in countries such as Ugand...

    Authors: Sarah E. Cusick, Ericka G. Jaramillo, Emily C. Moody, Andrew S. Ssemata, Doreen Bitwayi, Troy C. Lund and Ezekiel Mupere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:717

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    There are a few epidemiological studies that (1) link increased ambient air pollution (AP) with an increase in lung cancer incidence rates and (2) investigate whether residing in green spaces could be protecti...

    Authors: Thomas Datzmann, Iana Markevych, Freya Trautmann, Joachim Heinrich, Jochen Schmitt and Falko Tesch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:715

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Features of the urban neighbourhood influence the physical, social and mental wellbeing of residents and communities. We explored the longitudinal association between change to the neighbourhood built environm...

    Authors: Louise Foley, Emma Coombes, Dan Hayman, David Humphreys, Andrew Jones, Richard Mitchell and David Ogilvie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:545

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    The Mexico City Metropolitan Area has an expansive urban population and a long history of air quality management challenges. Poor air quality has been associated with adverse pulmonary and cardiac health effec...

    Authors: Timothy C. Borbet, Laura A. Gladson and Kevin R. Cromar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:538

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Studying human health in areas with industrial contamination is a serious and complex issue. In recent years, attention has increasingly focused on the health implications of large industrial complexes. A vari...

    Authors: Jianfei Shuai, Sunshin Kim, Hyeonsu Ryu, Jinhyeon Park, Chae Kwan Lee, Geun-Bae Kim, Venecio U. Ultra Jr and Wonho Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:528

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Policy and decision-making processes are routinely challenged by the complex and dynamic nature of environmental health problems. System dynamics modelling has demonstrated considerable value across a number o...

    Authors: Danielle J. Currie, Carl Smith and Paul Jagals

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:402

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The typical Western diet is associated with high levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and with obesity and other diet-related diseases. This study aims to determine the impact of adjustments to the current...

    Authors: Mirjam E. van de Kamp, S. Marije Seves and Elisabeth H. M. Temme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:264

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Correspondence

    The final meeting of the EXPOsOMICS project “Final Policy Workshop and Stakeholder Consultation” took place 28–29 March 2017 to present the main results of the project and discuss their implications both for f...

    Authors: Michelle C. Turner, Paolo Vineis, Eduardo Seleiro, Michaela Dijmarescu, David Balshaw, Roberto Bertollini, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Timothy Gant, John Gulliver, Ayoung Jeong, Soterios Kyrtopoulos, Marco Martuzzi, Gary W. Miller, Timothy Nawrot, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, David H. Phillips…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:260

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the effect of exposure to cooking oil fumes (COFs) on the development of non-malignant respiratory diseases in nonsmoking women. This study investigated the relationship between exposure ...

    Authors: Huang-Chi Chen, Chia-Fang Wu, Inn-Wen Chong and Ming-Tsang Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:246

    Published on: