Skip to main content


Energy balance-related behaviors

Section edited by Richard Rosenkranz, Dianne Stanton Ward, Carol Maher, Marc Adams and Janice Thompson.    

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health behaviors which may positively or negatively influence the energy balance (physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet/nutrition) and which may be related to weight-status, -gain and -control.

Page 4 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    The International Physical Actvity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is a validated tool for physical activity assessment used in many countries however no Arabic version of the long-form of this questionnaire exists to th...

    Authors: Khalil Helou, Nour El Helou, Maya Mahfouz, Yara Mahfouz, Pascale Salameh and Mireille Harmouche-Karaki

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:49

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  2. Content type: Research article

    The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and over...

    Authors: Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon and Lindsay M. Jaacks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:36

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  3. Content type: Research article

    The association of obesity and dietary patterns has been well documented in scientific literature; however, information on the impact of meal patterns on obesity is scarce. The objective of this study was to i...

    Authors: Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Diva Aliete dos Santos Vieira, Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni and Valéria Troncoso Baltar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:33

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  4. Content type: Research article

    The United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals Report, 2015, documents that, since 1990, the number of stunted children in sub-Saharan Africa has increased by 33% even though it has fallen in all other world...

    Authors: Michelle M. Amaral, William E. Herrin and Grace Bulenzi Gulere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:32

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  5. Content type: Study protocol

    The Self-determined Exercise and Learning For FITness (SELF-FIT) is a multi-component school-based intervention based on tenets of self-determination theory. SELF-FIT aims to increase students’ moderate-to-vig...

    Authors: Amy S. Ha, Chris Lonsdale, David R. Lubans and Johan Y. Y. Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:11

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Many teenagers are insufficiently active despite the health benefits of physical activity (PA). There is strong evidence to show that inactivity and low fitness levels increase the risk of non-communicable dis...

    Authors: Michaela James, Danielle Christian, Samantha Scott, Charlotte Todd, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins and Sinead Brophy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:7

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  7. Content type: Study protocol

    The prevention of overweight and obesity during infancy is a highly relevant public health topic given the significant impact of childhood obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, and well-being ...

    Authors: Berit Steenbock, Hajo Zeeb, Stefan Rach, Hermann Pohlabeln and Claudia R. Pischke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 18:6

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  8. Content type: Technical advance

    Traditionally, time-use data have been used to inform a broad range of economic and sociological research topics. One of the new areas in time-use research is the study of physical activity (PA) and physical a...

    Authors: J. Deyaert, T. Harms, D. Weenas, J. Gershuny and I. Glorieux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:620

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Further collection of surveillance data is warranted, particularly in preschool populations, for optimizing future public health promotion strategies. This study aims to describe physical activity (PA) and sed...

    Authors: Niels Christian Møller, Line B. Christensen, Christian Mølgaard, Katrine T. Ejlerskov, Karin A. Pfeiffer and Kim F. Michaelsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:613

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    High food insecurity has been demonstrated in rural American Indian households, but little is known about American Indian families in urban settings or the association of food insecurity with diet for these fa...

    Authors: Emily J. Tomayko, Kathryn L. Mosso, Kate A. Cronin, Lakeesha Carmichael, KyungMann Kim, Tassy Parker, Amy L. Yaroch and Alexandra K. Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:611

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) and its health benefits are a continuous point of discussion. Recommendations for children’s daily PA vary between guidelines. To better define the amount of PA necessary to prevent over...

    Authors: Phillipp Schwarzfischer, Martina Weber, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Piotr Socha, Veronica Luque, Joaquin Escribano, Annick Xhonneux, Elvira Verduci, Benedetta Mariani, Berthold Koletzko and Veit Grote

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:595

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Th...

    Authors: Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy and Gail A. Rees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:592

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting healt...

    Authors: Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou and Victoria Molfese

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:585

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Parents are widely recognized as playing a central role in the development of child behaviors such as physical activity. As there is little agreement as to the dimensions of physical activity-related parenting...

    Authors: Louise C. Mâsse, Teresia M. O’Connor, Andrew W. Tu, Sheryl O. Hughes, Mark R. Beauchamp and Tom Baranowski

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:574

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Mixed evidence exists with respect to the association between household food insecurity (HFIS) and obesity in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs), particularly among women. This study aimed to measure socio...

    Authors: Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja, Ruba Cheaib and Nahla Hwalla

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:567

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Parenting, Eating and Activity for Child Health (PEACH™) is a multicomponent treatment program delivered over ten group sessions to parents of overweight/obese primary school-aged children. It has been shown t...

    Authors: Susan L. Williams, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Anthea Magarey, Carly J. Moores, Debbie Croyden, Emma Esdaile and Lynne Daniels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:559

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due t...

    Authors: Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat and Daniel Simon Mills

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:496

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    The physical school environment is a promising setting to increase children’s physical activity although robust evidence is sparse. We examined the effects of major playground reconstruction on physical activi...

    Authors: Mark Hamer, Daniel Aggio, Georgina Knock, Courtney Kipps, Aparna Shankar and Lee Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:552

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have examined parental perceptions of their child’s screen-viewing (SV) within the context of parental SV time. This study qualitatively examined parents’ perceptions of their 5–6-year-old child’s ...

    Authors: Janice L. Thompson, Simon J. Sebire, Joanna M. Kesten, Jesmond Zahra, Mark Edwards, Emma Solomon-Moore and Russell Jago

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:471

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Screen-time and eating behaviours are associated in adolescents, but few studies have examined the clustering of these health behaviours in this age group. The identification of clustered health behaviours, an...

    Authors: Natalie Pearson, Paula Griffiths, Stuart JH Biddle, Julie P Johnston, Sonia McGeorge and Emma Haycraft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:533

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children’s physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The p...

    Authors: Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind and Peter Bentsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:523

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Most people do not engage in sufficient physical activity to confer health benefits and to reduce risk of chronic disease. Healthcare professionals frequently provide guidance on physical activity, but often d...

    Authors: Dominika Kwasnicka, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda Rebar, Benjamin Gardner, Camille Short, Mitch Duncan, Dawn Crook and Martin S. Hagger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:518

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Co-participation in physical activity may be a useful strategy for increasing physical activity in mothers and their young children, yet little empirical evidence exists on this topic for young families. This ...

    Authors: Jill A. Hnatiuk, Ellen DeDecker, Kylie D. Hesketh and Greet Cardon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:506

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Sleep is an essential component of healthy cognitive and physical development. Lack of sleep may put children at risk for a variety of mental and physical health outcomes, including overweight, obesity and rel...

    Authors: Evelyn Pyper, Daniel Harrington and Heather Manson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:432

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Debate

    In Australia people with a diagnosed chronic condition can be managed on unique funded care plans that allow the recruitment of a multidisciplinary team to assist in setting treatment goals and adequate follow...

    Authors: C. A. Opie, H. M. Haines, K. E. Ervin, K. Glenister and D. Pierce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:500

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Few data are available on dual burden of under and over nutrition of children in the Pacific region. The objective was to examine prevalence of stunting at birth and current stunting and their relationship to ...

    Authors: Rachel Novotny, Fenfang Li, Rachael Leon Guerrero, Patricia Coleman, Aifili J. Tufa, Andrea Bersamin, Jonathan Deenik and Lynne R Wilkens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:483

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Unhealthy eating and lack of exercise during adolescence culminated into earlier onset and increasing burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) worldwide. Among urban Indian adolescents, prevale...

    Authors: Soumitra Kumar, Saumitra Ray, Debabrata Roy, Kajal Ganguly, Sibananda Dutta, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Kinnori Gupta, Kaushik Chakraborty, Mrinal Kanti Das, Santanu Guha, Pradip K. Deb and Amal K. Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:468

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Chronic diseases are high in truck drivers and have been linked to work routines that promote inactivity and poor diets. This feasibility study examined the extent to which an m-Health financial incentives pro...

    Authors: Nicholas D. Gilson, Toby G Pavey, Olivia RL Wright, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Sjaan Gomersall, Stewart G. Trost and Wendy J. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:467

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Promoting walking for the journey to/from work and during the working day is one potential approach to increase physical activity in adults. Walking Works was a practice-led, whole-workplace walking programme ...

    Authors: Emma J. Adams, Anna E. Chalkley, Dale W. Esliger and Lauren B. Sherar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:466

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have assessed the predictors of changes in commuting. This study investigated the associations between physical environmental characteristics and changes in active commuting.

    Authors: Lin Yang, Simon Griffin, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham and Jenna Panter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:458

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:839

  31. Content type: Research article

    Although ‘unhealthy’ diet is a well-known risk factor for non-communicable diseases, its relationship with socio-economic status (SES) has not been fully investigated. Moreover, the available research has larg...

    Authors: Taru Manyanga, Mark S. Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:457

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have suggested that food preference is a good indicator of actual food intake and that sedentary activity preference is a significant predictor of lower physical activity level. But no studies...

    Authors: Junmin Zhou, Denise H Britigan, Shireen S. Rajaram, Hongmei Wang and Dejun Su

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:451

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research Article

    Use of ultra-processed foods has expanded rapidly over the last decades and high consumption has been positively associated with risk of e.g. overweight, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Ultra-processed foods offe...

    Authors: Ingrid Laukeland Djupegot, Camilla Bengtson Nenseth, Elling Bere, Helga Birgit Torgeirsdotter Bjørnarå, Sissel Heidi Helland, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Monica Klungland Torstveit and Tonje Holte Stea

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:447

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Micronutrient malnutrition affects the well-being of both adults and children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) is a useful evaluation index with a relatively well-developed guideline by FAO. It’s meaningful to a...

    Authors: Wenzhi Zhao, Kai Yu, Shengjie Tan, Yingdong Zheng, Ai Zhao, Peiyu Wang and Yumei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:440

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The tra...

    Authors: Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus and Olaug S. Lian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:417

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Study protocol

    MINI SALTEN is a program developed to increase moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) and improve eating habits at home and school in first grade children. It aims to assess the effects of a technology fa...

    Authors: Irina Kovalskys, Cecile Rausch Herscovici, Paula Indart Rougier, María José De Gregorio, Luciana Zonis and Liliana Orellana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:401

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Reducing automobile dependence and improving rates of active transport may reduce the impact of obesogenic environments, thereby decreasing population prevalence of obesity and other diseases where physical in...

    Authors: V. Brown, M. Moodie, L. Cobiac, A. M. Mantilla Herrera and R. Carter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:359

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Office workers demonstrate high levels of sitting on workdays. As sitting is positively associated with adverse health risks in adults, a theory-driven web-based computer-tailored intervention to influence wor...

    Authors: Katrien De Cocker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon and Corneel Vandelanotte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:382

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    In children, being sufficiently physically active, having low levels of screen-time and having a healthy diet are largely influenced by parenting practices. Children of parents applying positive parenting prac...

    Authors: Sara De Lepeleere, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon and Maïté Verloigne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:366

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Understanding which factors influence participation in physical activity is important to improve the public health. The aim of the present review of reviews was to summarize and present updated evidence on per...

    Authors: Jaesung Choi, Miyoung Lee, Jong-koo Lee, Daehee Kang and Ji-Yeob Choi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:356

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary beh...

    Authors: Xinping Wei, Yu Zang, Xiaodong Jia, Xiangui He, Shurong Zou, Hui Wang, Meihua Shen and Jiajie Zang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:353

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to component...

    Authors: Andrew W. Tu, Allison W. Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I. Barr and Louise Mâsse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:352

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lack...

    Authors: Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam and Amin Salehi-Abargouei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:350

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying...

    Authors: Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Satu Miettola, Anneli Pouta, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin and Eero Kajantie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:346

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Family involvement is an essential component of effective physical activity (PA) interventions in children. However, little is known about the PA levels and characteristics of PA among families. This study use...

    Authors: Robert J. Noonan, Stuart J. Fairclough, Zoe R. Knowles and Lynne M. Boddy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:330

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    It is vital to reduce the proportion of sedentary behavior in children. Understanding the duration and behavioral context is needed. The present study examined school-grade and sex differences in domain-specif...

    Authors: Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:318

    Published on: